April Heinrichs

Last updated
April Heinrichs
April Heinrichs.jpg
Heinrichs at the 2003 World Cup
Personal information
Full nameApril Dawn Heinrichs [1]
Date of birth (1964-02-27) February 27, 1964 (age 55)
Place of birth Denver, Colorado, United States
Playing position Forward
College career
1983–1986 North Carolina Tar Heels
Senior career*
1987 FCF Juventus
1988–1989 Prato Wonder
National team
1986–1991 United States 46 (35)
Teams managed
1990 Princeton University
1991–1995 University of Maryland
1996–1999 University of Virginia
1995–2000 United States (assistant)
2000–2005 United States
2006 University of California, Irvine
2011– USSF Technical Director
* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only

April Dawn Heinrichs (born February 27, 1964) was among the first players on the United States women's national soccer team, and was captain of the United States team which won the first ever FIFA Women's World Cup in 1991. She finished her international playing career with 46 caps and 35 goals. Heinrich coached the USA women's team from 2000 to 2004, under her tenure team USA finished third in 2003 FIFA Women's World Cup, won silver medal at Sydney 2000, and gold medal at Athens 2004 Olympics. In 1998 she became the first female player inducted into the National Soccer Hall of Fame. In January 2011, Heinrichs was appointed Technical Director for women's soccer by United States Soccer Federation. [2]

United States womens national soccer team womens national association football team representing the United States

The United States women's national soccer team (USWNT) represents the United States in international women's soccer. The team is the most successful in international women's soccer, winning three Women's World Cup titles, four Olympic women's gold medals, eight CONCACAF Gold Cups, and ten Algarve Cups. It medaled in every single World Cup and Olympic tournament in women's soccer history from 1991 to 2015, before being knocked out in the quarterfinal of the 2016 Summer Olympics. The team is governed by United States Soccer Federation and competes in CONCACAF.

Captain (association football) team captain of an association football team

The team captain of an association football team, sometimes known as the skipper, is a team member chosen to be the on-pitch leader of the team: it is often one of the older/or more experienced members of the squad, or a player that can heavily influence a game or have good leadership qualities. The team captain is usually identified by the wearing of an armband.

1991 FIFA Womens World Cup 1991 edition of the FIFA Womens World Cup

The 1991 FIFA Women's World Cup was the inaugural FIFA Women's World Cup, the world championship for women's national association football teams. It took place in Guangdong, China from 16 to 30 November 1991. FIFA, football's international governing body selected China as host nation as Guangdong had hosted a prototype world championship three years earlier, the 1988 FIFA Women's Invitation Tournament. Matches were played in the state capital, Guangzhou, as well as in Foshan, Jiangmen and Zhongshan. The competition was sponsored by Mars, Incorporated. With FIFA still reluctant to bestow their "World Cup" brand, the tournament was officially known as the 1st FIFA World Championship for Women's Football for the M&M's Cup.


Collegiate record

Heinrichs is a 1986 graduate of the UNC where she was named National Player of the Year twice and earned All-American First team honors three times.

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill public research university in Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States

The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), also known as UNC-Chapel Hill, UNC, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, or simply Carolina is a public research university in Chapel Hill, North Carolina. It is the flagship of the 17 campuses of the University of North Carolina system. After being chartered in 1789, the university first began enrolling students in 1795, which also allows it to be one of three schools to claim the title of the oldest public university in the United States. Among the claimants, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill is the only one to have held classes and graduated students as a public university in the eighteenth century.

Club career

After playing in the Mundialito with the United States national team, Heinrichs spent a short period playing professional soccer in the Italian Serie A with Juventus and then Prato. [3]

The Mundialito, was a global invitational tournament for national teams in women's association football. Held on four occasions in the northern region of Italy since 1984, it was one of the most prestigious women's football events, prior to the advent of the Women's World Cup and Women's Olympic Football.

The women's football Serie A is the highest-level league competition for women's football clubs in Italian football. It was established in 1968 but main teams were composing two different federations and leagues .
In the following season main UISP teams entered FICF federation so that all Serie A teams played a single league championship.

Women's national team record

April Heinrichs played for United States women's national soccer team from 1986 through 1991, appeared in 46 matches and scored 35 goals, including fours goals at the 1991 FIFA Women's World Cup in China, where captain Heinrichs formed a forward line dubbed the "triple-edged sword" with Carin Jennings and Michelle Akers-Stahl. Heinrichs remains among the all-time leaders in goals scored for the USA. [4] [5]

China Country in East Asia

China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around 1.404 billion. Covering approximately 9,600,000 square kilometers (3,700,000 sq mi), it is the third- or fourth-largest country by total area. Governed by the Communist Party of China, the state exercises jurisdiction over 22 provinces, five autonomous regions, four direct-controlled municipalities, and the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau.

Michelle Anne Akers is a former American soccer player, who starred in the historic 1991 and 1999 Women's World Cup victories by the United States. She won the Golden Boot as the top scorer in the 1991 tournament.

Matches and goals scored at World Cup

April Heinrichs competed in the first FIFA Women's World Cup in 1991, and finished with her team as World Champions; played in five matches and scored four goals.

FIFA Womens World Cup international association football competition

The FIFA Women's World Cup is an international football competition contested by the senior women's national teams of the members of Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's international governing body. The competition has been held every four years since 1991, when the inaugural tournament, then called the FIFA Women's World Championship, was held in China.

Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China 1991 FIFA Women's World Cup
1991-11-17 [m 1] Panyu Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden Start3–2W Group match
1991-11-19 [m 2] Panyu Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil

off 41' (on Chastain)

231–05–0W Group match
1991-11-24 [m 3] Foshan Flag of Chinese Taipei (FIFA).svg  Chinese Taipei

off 41' (on Belkin)

7–0W Quarter-final
1991-11-27 [m 4] Guangzhou Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Start544–15–2W Semifinal
1991-11-30 [m 5] Guangzhou Flag of Norway.svg  Norway Start2–1W Final

College head coach

She had an 8–6–1 record as head coach at Princeton University in 1990.

Princeton University University in Princeton, New Jersey

Princeton University is a private Ivy League research university in Princeton, New Jersey. Founded in 1746 in Elizabeth as the College of New Jersey, Princeton is the fourth-oldest institution of higher education in the United States and one of the nine colonial colleges chartered before the American Revolution. The institution moved to Newark in 1747, then to the current site nine years later, and renamed itself Princeton University in 1896.

Heinrichs guided University of Maryland to a 56–40–7 record from 1991–95, earning Atlantic Coast Conference Coach of the Year honors in 1995 after leading the Terps to their first NCAA Tournament berth.

She was head coach from 1996–2000 at University of Virginia, where she recorded a 52–27–7 mark in leading the Cavaliers to four consecutive NCAA Tournament appearances. She led Virginia to a 13–10 record, including a trip to the round of 16 in the NCAA Tournament in 1999 season.

Coaching U.S. Women's National Team

She joined the United States women's national soccer team as an assistant coach in 1995. She became the team's head coach in 2000.

During her tenure, Heinrichs was often criticized for failing to lead the previously unstoppable national squad to a major international championship, but she coached the team to victory at the 2004 Summer Olympics. Heinrichs led the United States to wins in international tournaments such as the Algarve Cup, Four Nations Cup, Gold Cup and a much celebrated return to the podium by winning Gold in Athens. Heinrichs also led her team to the Silver Medal in the 2000 Summer Olympics and the Bronze Medal in the 2003 Women's World Cup.

Heinrichs' five years at the helm led to an 87–17–20 record. She resigned as coach on February 15, 2005 and became a consultant for U.S. Soccer.

Olympic Committee

She was named head coach for women's soccer at the University of California, Irvine, on December 19, 2005 and later resigned to accept a position with the U.S. Olympic Committee in Colorado Springs, Colorado.

Technical Director

In January 2011, April Heinrichs was hired by United States Soccer Federation as Technical Director for women's soccer. The appointment, along with Jill Ellis as Development Director, marks the first time U.S. Soccer had appointed full-time positions to oversee the women's youth national teams program. Besides focusing on technical directions of women's soccer, Heinrichs will oversee the under-20 and under-18 women's youth teams. [2]

Related Research Articles

Mia Hamm American association football player

Mariel Margaret Hamm-Garciaparra is an American retired professional soccer player, two-time Olympic gold medalist, and two-time FIFA Women's World Cup champion. Hailed as a soccer icon, she played as a forward for the United States women's national soccer team from 1987–2004. Hamm was the face of the Women's United Soccer Association (WUSA), the first professional women's soccer league in the United States, where she played for the Washington Freedom from 2001–2003. She played college soccer for the North Carolina Tar Heels women's soccer team and helped the team win four consecutive NCAA Division I Women's Soccer Championship titles.

Kate Markgraf American soccer player

Kathryn Michele "Kate" Markgraf, née Sobrero, is a retired American professional soccer defender. She previously played for the Chicago Red Stars in the WPS, the Boston Breakers in the WUSA, and the United States women's national soccer team. She was a three-time Olympic medalist and played in three FIFA Women's World Cup tournaments. She started in 97% of her 201 United States Women's National Team appearances in her 12-year career. She ended her career with a high school championship, state club championship, NCAA Division I championship, Olympic gold medals, and a FIFA World Cup Championship.

Tiffeny Milbrett American soccer player

Tiffeny Carleen Milbrett is an American retired professional soccer forward who was a longtime member of the United States women's national soccer team. In May 2018 the National Soccer Hall of Fame announced Milbrett will be enshrined in the Hall. A native of Oregon, she starred at the University of Portland where she scored a then school record 103 goals during her career. She won an Olympic gold medal in 1996 in Atlanta and a silver medal at the 2000 Olympics in Sydney. She also played in three World Cups, winning in 1999. A player who enjoys signing autographs for her fans, she is in the top five all-time in the United States national soccer team in three offensive categories.

Kristine Lilly soccer player

Kristine Marie Lilly Heavey, née Kristine Marie Lilly, is a retired American soccer player who last played professionally for Boston Breakers in Women's Professional Football (WPS). She was a member of the United States women's national football team for 23 years and is the most capped football player in the history of the sport gaining her 354th and final cap against Mexico in a World Cup qualifier in November 2010. Lilly scored 130 goals for the United States women's national team, behind Mia Hamm's 158 goals, and Abby Wambach's 184.

Sun Wen is a retired Chinese professional football (soccer) player. She previously captained the China women's national football team and the Atlanta Beat of the Women's United Soccer Association (WUSA).

Birgit Prinz German association football player

Birgit Prinz is a German retired footballer, two-time FIFA Women's World Cup champion and three-time FIFA World Player of the Year. In addition to the German national team, Prinz played for 1. FFC Frankfurt in the Frauen-Bundesliga as well as the Carolina Courage in the Women's United Soccer Association (WUSA), the first professional women's league in the United States. Prinz remains one of the game's most prolific strikers and is the second FIFA Women's World Cup all-time leading scorer with 14 goals. On 12 August 2011, she announced the end of her active career. She currently works as a sport psychologist for the men's and women's teams of 1. Bundesliga club TSG 1899 Hoffenheim.

Pia Sundhage Swedish association football player and manager

Pia Mariane Sundhage is a Swedish former professional football player who played most of her career as a forward, but had stints as a midfielder as well as a sweeper. Sundhage was the head coach of the United States women's national team from 2008 to 2012; during which her team won two Olympic gold medals and finished second at the World Cup. Sundhage was the 2012 FIFA World Coach of the Year. She became head coach of the Sweden women's national football team on 1 December 2012. Sundhage can be seen in the Sveriges Television documentary television series The Other Sport from 2013.

Shannon Boxx Soccer midfielder

Shannon Boxx is an American retired soccer player and former member of the United States women's national soccer team, playing the defensive midfielder position. She last played club soccer for the Chicago Red Stars in the American National Women's Soccer League. She won gold medals with the United States at the 2004 Athens Olympics, 2008 Beijing Olympics, and 2012 London Olympics. She has also finished third place or better with the USA at the 2003, 2007, 2011 and 2015 FIFA Women's World Cups. She was a finalist for the 2005 FIFA World Player of the Year award, and won an NCAA Women's Soccer Championship with Notre Dame in 1995. Shannon Boxx announced her retirement from international and club soccer after winning the 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup. She played her last game on October 21, 2015 when the USWNT tied with Brazil as part of their victory tour.

Inka Grings association football player

Inka Grings is a retired German international footballer. She played sixteen years as a striker for FCR 2001 Duisburg. Afterwards she played for FC Zürich Frauen. She also played for the German national team. Grings is the second all-time leading goalscorer in Germany's top division, the Fußball-Bundesliga (women), with 195 goals and claimed the league's top-scorer award for a record six seasons. Playing for Germany, she has also been the top-scorer at two UEFA European Championships. Grings was named German Female Footballer of the Year in 1999, 2009 and 2010.

Briana Scurry soccer player

Briana Collette Scurry is an American retired soccer goalkeeper and current assistant coach of the Washington Spirit. Scurry was the starting goalkeeper for the United States women's national soccer team at the 1995 World Cup, 1996 Summer Olympics, 1999 World Cup (champions), 2003 World Cup, and the 2004 Summer Olympic Games. She played in the semi-final and playoff for third place in the 2007 Women's World Cup. She was a founding member of the WUSA, playing three seasons as starting goalkeeper for the Atlanta Beat (2001–2003).

Carla Overbeck American soccer player

Carla Werden Overbeck is a retired American soccer player and longtime member and captain of the United States women's national soccer team. She is currently an assistant coach of Duke University's women's soccer team, where she has been coaching since 1992, overseeing Duke's defensive unit principally. She was inducted into the National Soccer Hall of Fame in 2006.

Carin Leslie Jennings-Gabarra, née Carin Jennings, is an American retired soccer forward. She earned 117 caps with the United States women's national soccer team from 1987 to 1996 and was awarded the Golden Ball Award as the best player at the 1991 FIFA Women's World Cup. In 2000, she was inducted into the National Soccer Hall of Fame. She currently coaches women's soccer at the United States Naval Academy.

Lindsay Tarpley soccer player

Lindsay Ann Tarpley Snow is an American professional soccer forward and midfielder. She is a two-time Olympic gold medalist, winning gold at the 2004 Athens and 2008 Beijing Summer Olympics, and was a member of the United States women's national team that finished third at the 2007 Women's World Cup in China.

Carli Lloyd American association football player

Carli Anne Lloyd is an American soccer player. She is a two-time Olympic gold medalist, 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup champion, two-time FIFA Player of the Year, and a three-time Olympian. She currently plays for Sky Blue FC in the National Women's Soccer League and the United States women's national soccer team as a midfielder. Lloyd scored the gold medal-winning goals in the finals of the 2008 Summer Olympics and the 2012 Summer Olympics. She captained the United States to victory in the 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup as well as appeared in the 2007 and 2011 FIFA Women's World Cup.

Homare Sawa Japanese footballer

Homare Sawa is a former Japanese professional football player. She was captain of the Japan national team that won gold at the 2011 World Cup and led the team to the silver medal at the 2012 Summer Olympics. In 2012, she was named the 2011 FIFA Women's World Player of the Year. She previously played for the Atlanta Beat of the Women's United Soccer Association (WUSA), Nippon TV Beleza, the Washington Freedom of Women's Professional Soccer (WPS), and INAC Kobe Leonessa in the Nadeshiko League Division 1.

Tisha Venturini American soccer player

Tisha Venturini-Hoch is a former American soccer player and current National Spokesperson for Produce for Better Health. She is a gold medalist in 1996 Atlanta Olympics, and a world champion in 1999 FIFA Women's World Cup held in the U.S.

Kelley OHara American soccer player

Kelley Maureen O'Hara is an American soccer player who is a FIFA Women's World Cup champion and Olympic soccer gold medalist. She plays as a wingback and midfielder for the United States women's national soccer team, and a forward and right defender for the National Women's Soccer League club Utah Royals FC. As a forward for the Stanford women's soccer team, she was the recipient of the 2009 Hermann Trophy. She majored in science, technology and society with a focus in environmental engineering.

Melissa Tancredi Association footballer

Melissa Palma Julie Tancredi is a Canadian retired soccer forward who played for the Canada women's national soccer team. She won an Olympic bronze medal as a participating member of Canada's national team at the 2012 Olympics when Canada defeated France 1–0 in the bronze medal match on August 9, 2012. Tancredi's nickname is "Tanc".


  1. "Gesamtliste 2015" (PDF). FIFA. p. 4. Retrieved 9 September 2015.
  2. 1 2 "Heinrichs and Ellis hired to run girls program". SoccerAmericaDaily.
  3. Sappino, Marco (2000). Dizionario Del Calcio Italiano (in Italian). Baldini&Castoldi. p. 683. ISBN   978-8880898627 . Retrieved 2012-08-27.
  4. "All-Time Leaders: GOALS SCORED". U.S.Soccer. Archived from the original on 2013-04-16.
  5. "FIFA Player Statistics: April HEINRICHS". FIFA.
Match reports
  1. "FIFA Women's World Cup China 1991: MATCH Report: Sweden – USA". FIFA.
  2. "FIFA Women's World Cup China 1991: MATCH Report: Brazil – USA". FIFA.
  3. "FIFA Women's World Cup China 1991: MATCH Report: USA – Chinese Taipei". FIFA.
  4. "FIFA Women's World Cup China 1991: MATCH Report: Germany – USA". FIFA.
  5. "FIFA Women's World Cup China 1991: MATCH Report: Norway – USA". FIFA.