Tignes

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Tignes
Tignes-winter.JPG
Tignes Le Lac taken from the Aiguille Pierce mountain, with views of Val Claret in the background
Blason ville fr Tignes (Savoie).svg
Coat of arms
Location of Tignes
Tignes
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Tignes
Auvergne-Rhone-Alpes region location map.svg
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Tignes
Coordinates: 45°28′06″N6°54′20″E / 45.4683°N 6.9056°E / 45.4683; 6.9056 Coordinates: 45°28′06″N6°54′20″E / 45.4683°N 6.9056°E / 45.4683; 6.9056
Country France
Region Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Department Savoie
Arrondissement Albertville
Canton Bourg-Saint-Maurice
Government
  Mayor (20202026) Serge Revial
Area
1
81.63 km2 (31.52 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018) [1]
2,034
  Density25/km2 (65/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
73296 /73320
Elevation1,440–3,747 m (4,724–12,293 ft)
(avg. 1,810 m or 5,940 ft)
Website https://en.tignes.net
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Tignes (French pronunciation:  [tiɲ] ) is a commune in the Tarentaise Valley, in the Savoie department in the Rhône-Alpes region in south-eastern France, known for the highest skiable area in Europe [2] and the longest ski season in Europe. [3] It is located in the Savoie region with good transport links in and out of Lyon, Geneva and Chambery.

Contents

It is best known as a snow sure ski resort. Together with neighbouring Val d'Isère, it forms the "Espace Killy" ski area. The proximity of two resorts offers one of the most seamless links between ski areas in Europe, in effect creating a single skiable area of over 300 km piste. Whilst not the largest ski area in the Alps, the level of integration between the two resorts has the effect of making it feel as one, often described as feeling like one of the largest single ski areas as a result.

Tignes was the freestyle skiing venue for the 1992 Winter Olympics, co-host city for the 1992 Winter Paralympics and host of the Winter X Games. This, coupled with the year round skiing, season length and large number of ski parks/slalom runs has supplanted Tignes as the go to training ground for snow sport athletes. [4]

The terrain of valley lends itself to more challenging skiing, with advanced skiers often opting for the resort as their preferred ski area. The town has however strived to improve its appeal to beginner and intermediate skiers with the introduction of easier runs lower down in the valley towards Tignes-Les-Brévières and upgrading/installing new chairlifts with smaller elevation gains.

Villages

Tignes comprises 5 Villages; Tignes Val Claret, Tignes le Lac, Le Lavachet, Tignes Les Boisses and Tignes-les-Brévières. The first three are close together at 2100 m and Les Boisses and Les Brevieres are further down the valley, above and below the dam respectively. All the towns located above the dam are linked by a free continuous shuttle bus. The only village located below these villages, Tignes Les Brévières, is accessible to the others via a free gondola service which operates late into the evening. Les Brévières remains the only remaining part of the original town, with all the others created as part of the dam construction or development of the ski resort. All the villages are part of the ski resort known as Tignes.

View onto the old town of Tignes located at 1550m Tinges-Les-Breviers.jpg
View onto the old town of Tignes located at 1550m

Dam (barrage de Tignes)

Barrage de Tignes. 200603 - Barrage de Tignes 06.JPG
Barrage de Tignes.

The original village of Tignes was in the Isère valley below Val d'Isère. After the second world war, France needed electricity and it was decided to build the hydro-electric Tignes Dam in the Isère valley. Whilst this was a great achievement for French engineering and was for the greater good of France, it meant that the old village of Tignes was drowned. The dam was completed and the village was submerged in 1952. A replica of the original church was created in Tignes les Boisses. Once every 10 years the lake behind the dam (Lac du Chevril) is drained for maintenance work and the remains of the old village becomes visible.

The dam was painted with a fresco of Hercules in 1989 by Jean-Marie Pierret with the help of eight mountain climbers; it was funded by private corporations interested in boosting the Olympic appeal during the winter games of 1992 which took place in nearby Albertville. [5] [6]

Ski resort

A ski lift on the Grande Motte. Tignes Pointe de la Sana 2005.jpg
A ski lift on the Grande Motte.
Logo used to identify the ski resort Tignes Ski Resort.jpg
Logo used to identify the ski resort

After the loss of the old village it was decided to develop a ski resort at the higher lake (Le Lac). This was surrounded by a bowl that is ideal for skiing and is headed by the Grand Motte glacier. The resort was developed largely during the 1960s and the building style reflects what was regarded as good building design at that time. In recent years the town has worked to improve the look of the new villages with some success.

The lifts of Tignes have been managed since 1967 by the company STGM (The Société des Téléphériques de la Grande Motte). [7] Many lifts are fast 6 or 8 person chairlifts and there are 113 snow cannons which produce 450,000 m2 of artificial snow each year. [8] The ski area is linked through easy access with the adjacent resort of Val-d'Isère, combining to for the Tignes-Val d'Isere ski area (formerly known as Espace Killy). At 4.2 km, Tignes boasts the 4th longest funicular in the world.[ citation needed ] Ski trails in Tignes reach a height of 3456 m, aiding its reputation as one of the best resorts in the Alps for snow sureness. [9]

The resort has also become the home for Apex 2100, an international ski academy aiming to become the world's leading academy for young skiers. The academy is headed by former English rugby union player and coach, Sir Clive Woodward.

Operations

There are 56 ski patrollers covering the resort of Tignes. [10] There are 15 snow cats to maintain the quality of the pistes; FOUR of these are equipped with winches for working steep slopes and one is for shaping the half pipe. Around 60 percent of the slopes are groomed each evening. [11]

Grande Motte glacier

Due to the presence of the Grande Motte glacier, Tignes used to offer year round skiing but, as the glacier has receded in recent years this has now ceased. However, skiing on the glacier is still possible during some of the summer months and in Autumn, as well as during the winter season (end of November to beginning of May). The grande motte cable car has recently been upgraded to increase access to the top of the glacier. The lift also offers the world's first outdoor viewing platform.[ citation needed ]

Environment

Tignes and Val-D'isere were the first resorts of its kind to be internationally recognised for its commitment to providing an environmentally friendly skiing area by gaining a GreenGlobe certificate. The award was given for the towns high quality public transport connectivity and integration as well as its total use of renewable electricity.[ citation needed ]

Tarentaise Valley skiing

The Tarentaise Valley is the biggest concentration of world-class ski resorts in the world. The well-known neighbour systems are Paradiski (Les Arcs and La Plagne) and Les Trois Vallées (Courchevel, Meribel, Val Thorens and more). There were once plans to interlink all systems and resorts to create the largest ski area in the world. However, that vision was ended with the creation of the Vanoise National Park.[ citation needed ]

2017 avalanche

On 13 February 2017, four people died due to the avalanche at the ski resort. It was reported to be at least 400 metres (1,300 ft) wide and at an altitude of 2,100 metres. [12] The members were being led by an ESF instructor but were skiing on a notoriously avalanche prone area, on a day when the avalanche risk in the resort was high.

Summer

View from the 7th hole of the golf course with Tignes Le Lac in the background Tignes golf course.jpg
View from the 7th hole of the golf course with Tignes Le Lac in the background

Tignes is well known for its year round amenities. In the summer Tignes shifts towards a multi activity resort with particular focus as an altitude training base for athletes. Many come to the resort to utilise the facilities it offers for altitude training with notable sports people such as the French national rugby union team making use of the facilities.

However, Tignes still maintains its appeal as a ski resort by offering skiers the ability to ski on the Grande Motte glacier from the end of June to the beginning of August.

Tignes has the highest golf course in Europe. Designed by the golf architect Philippe Valant, the course features a full 18 hole course running along a 5 km stretch of the mountainside.

Tour de France

Tignes was scheduled to be the summit finish for stage 19 of the 2019 Tour de France. Due to a snowstorm and mudslide, the road to Tignes was impassable and so the stage was ended at Col de l'Iseran instead. [13] [14] Tignes was the summit finish for stage 9 of the 2021 Tour de France, as well as the location for the first rest day of the Tour. [15] The stage was won by Australian Ben O'Connor. [16]

See also

Related Research Articles

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Val-dIsère Commune in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France

Val d'Isère is a commune of the Tarentaise Valley, in the Savoie department in southeastern France. It lies 5 km (3 mi) from the border with Italy. It is on the border of the Vanoise National Park created in 1963. During the Albertville 1992 Winter Olympics, the Face de Bellevarde was the site of the men's downhill race. Other alpine skiing events held during those games included men's giant slalom and alpine combined. Val d'Isère regularly hosts World Cup alpine events, usually for the men in early December, and hosted the World Championships in 2009. It is located in the Savoie région with good transport links in and out of Lyon, Geneva and Chambéry. The ski area of Val d'Isère and Tignes forms the Espace Killy, named after the triple Olympic champion Jean-Claude Killy who grew up in Val d'Isère. There are two mountain huts owned by the Vanoise National Park on the territory of Val d’Isère: le Refuge du Prariond and le Refuge du Fond des Fours.

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Méribel

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There are claimed to be 300 km of pistes:

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References

  1. "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.
  2. "The highest ski resorts in Europe". OnTheSnow. Retrieved 2019-11-05.
  3. "Ski Line indoor ski run 400m long 2000m up a mountain | Ski Line ®". www.skiline.co.uk. 27 February 2017. Retrieved 2019-11-05.
  4. "Ski Line indoor ski run 400m long 2000m up a mountain | Ski Line ®". www.skiline.co.uk. 27 February 2017. Retrieved 2019-11-05.
  5. "WORKS IN PROGRESS; That Dammed Hercules By Bruce Weber". The New York Times. 1989-11-05. Retrieved 2010-05-25.
  6. Tignes: From Past to Present
  7. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-01-16. Retrieved 2009-02-28.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) STGM Tignes
  8. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-01-16. Retrieved 2009-02-28.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. http://www.skicollection.co.uk/Ski/Tignes.htm
  10. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-01-08. Retrieved 2010-07-20.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  11. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-02-14. Retrieved 2009-04-23.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  12. "Four dead in avalanche at French ski resort Tignes". BBC News. 13 February 2017.
  13. "Tour de France 2019: Stage 19 suspended after flash snowstorm to leave Egan Bernal in yellow jersey". The Independent . 26 July 2019. Retrieved 2 December 2020.
  14. "Tour de France stage 19 stopped at top of Col de l'Iseran due to freak hailstorm and landslide". Cycling Weekly . 26 July 2019. Retrieved 2 December 2020.
  15. "2021 Tour de France route: Three summit finishes and two time trials". VeloNews . 1 November 2020. Retrieved 2 December 2020.
  16. "Ben O'Connor wins stage nine of the Tour de France as Tadej Pogacar retains yellow jersey in Tignes". The Independent . 4 July 2021. Retrieved 4 June 2021.