A view of Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne in the direction of Modane
|Intercommunality||Cœur de Maurienne Arvan|
|• Mayor (2020–2026)||Philippe Rollet|
|11.51 km2 (4.44 sq mi)|
|• Density||670/km2 (1,700/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||489–1,200 m (1,604–3,937 ft) |
(avg. 566 m or 1,857 ft)
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne (Arpitan: Sent-Jian-de-Môrièna or Sant-Jian-de-Môrièna) is a subprefecture of the Savoie department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in Southeastern France. In 2018, it had a population of 7,683.
It lies in the Maurienne, the valley of the river Arc. It was also an Episcopal See of Savoy during the Ancien Régime and again from 1825 to 1966. Its original name was simply Maurienne, or Moriana in Italian and Latin.
Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne is located at the confluence of the Arc, a river which has shaped the Maurienne Valley, and the Arvanwhich descends the Arves Valley (Col de la Croix de Fer).
The neighbouring communes of Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne are Saint-Julien-Mont-Denis, Jarrier, Hermillon, Villargondran, Albiez-le-Jeune, Albiez-Montrond, Saint-Pancrace and Pontamafrey-Montpascal.
Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne is close to: Albertville (59 Km), Chambery (72 Km), Grenoble (103 Km), Turin (137 Km), and Lyon (174 Km).
The climate is the alpine type because of the presence of the Alpine Massif.
|Paris||1797 hrs/yr||642 mm (25.3 in)/yr||15 days/yr||19 days/yr||13 days/yr|
|Nice||2694 hrs/yr||767 mm (30.2 in)/yr||1 day/yr||31 days/yr||1 day/yr|
|Strasbourg||1637 hrs/yr||610 mm (24 in)/yr||30 days/yr||29 days/yr||65 days/yr|
|Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne||1970 hrs/yr||960 mm (38 in)/yr||... days/yr||... days/yr||... days/yr|
|National average||1973 hrs/yr||770 mm (30 in)/yr||14 days/yr||22 days/yr||40 days/yr|
Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne is on the route of the future Lyon-Turin rail link. Homes, businesses, the current railway station and the rescue centre are affected by this project. The Lyon Turin Railway company (LTF) which manages the construction projects plans to build new railway station in the Sous-le-Bourg neighborhood, serving both the historic line and the new Lyon-Turin line. Geological and topographical investigations are underway. This project promises to be even more complex than that of the Channel Tunnel.
The town of Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne is equipped with a network of public transport run by the Communauté de communes Cœur de Maurienne.
A heliport is available for the helicopter of the gendarmerie whose base is located in Modane.
La Bastille, les Chaudannes and les Clapeys are the three main quarters.
The total number of dwellings in the commune is 4,240.Among such housing, 87.9% are principal residences, 5.4% are secondary homes and 6.7% are vacant dwellings. These accommodations have a share of 17.5% as individual houses, 79.3% as apartments and finally only 3.2% as dwellings of another type. The number of residents who own their homes is 37.9%. This is lower than the national average which adds up to nearly 55.3%. The number of tenants is 56.7% throughout the housing which is higher than the national average of 39.8%. It may be noted also that 5.4% of the inhabitants of the commune are people who are housed for free while at the level of the whole of the France the percentage is 4.9%. Still on all of the municipality housing, 3.5% are studios, 11.5% are two-room housing, 28.4% have three, 34.5% of dwellings have four rooms, and 22.1% of dwellings have five rooms or more.
Locality named after John the Baptist, the precursor, son of Zechariah and Saint Elizabeth, cousin of Jesus, beheaded in 31 AD at the request of the Princess Salome.
Latin name: Mauriana
Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne has been the capital of the Maurienne Valley since the 6th century. After Saint Thècle reported from Alexandria (Egypt) the relics of St. John the Baptist which are the three fingers represented on the arms of the city, as well as on the Opinel knife blades, the town was raised to the rank of diocese by Guntram, grandson of Clovis I.
In 753, Grifo went to Italy to join the King of the Lombards, Aistulf, the most powerful opponent of his half-brother, the King of the Franks, Pepin the Short, but he was killed at Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne by the men of Pepin.
The oldest possessions of the Counts of Savoy were the counties of Maurienne, Savoy proper (the district between Arc, Isère, and the middle course of the Rhone), and Belley, with Bugey as its chief town.
The Duchy of Savoy, which had been a French-speaking province under the sovereignty of the Kingdom of Sardinia-Piedmont, was invaded by Revolutionary France, but restored to Piedmont in 1815. It became part of France in 1859, after the Second Italian War of Independence.
The Aix-les-Bains—Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne railway line opened in 1857.
In the early 1900s, the technological advances of Swiss hydroelectric power were originally the subject of intense stock market speculation on hydroelectric companies, which benefitted the Maurienne Valley with industrial facilities, while tourism took off.
The city of Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne is a sub-prefecture of the Savoy. The Arrondissement of Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne is divided into six cantons:
The city of Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne is part of the 3rd constituency of Savoie.
It is also the most important city of the Communauté de communes Cœur de Maurienne.
Traditionally, Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne has been a stronghold of the Socialist left, from the 1930s, due to the importance of its worker labor pool. Thus, Roland Merloz was the Socialist mayor from 1977 to 2008. But since the 1990s and sociological changes in the Maurienne (departure of factories, multiplication of tourist resorts, decrease of the population with an increase in representation of the elderly), the right-wing vote has increased. A UMP Councillor General, Pierre-Marie Charvoz, was elected in 2001, Nicolas Sarkozy was in the lead in the two rounds of the presidential elections of 2007, with respectively 33.5% and 56.62%, and in 2008, Pierre-Marie Charvoz won the communal elections.
The municipal Council of Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne has 29 members. It is composed of a mayor, seven assistants, four delegate councillors and seventeen councillors.
Roland Merloz, mayor of the city since 1977, announced his desire not to stand in 2008.
The following is the share of seats in the municipal council of Saint Jean de Maurienne:
|Union of the Left||Hervé Bottino||6||Opposition|
In the municipal elections of March 2008, turnout of the first round was 65.46% with a total of 5,310 people registered to vote in the commune. The number of voters amounted to 3,476 voters which 3,393 expressed themselves. In the first round, the presidential majority list of Ensemble pour Saint Jean [Together for Sain Jean] with its head, Pierre-Marie Charvoz collected 46.95% of the vote or 1,593 votes. Followed by the list of "Saint Jean 10,000" led by Hervé Bottino, having received 34.39% of the vote or 1,169 votes. In third position, Saint Jean à venir [Saint Jean to come] list, headed by Christine Merlin got 13.26% of the votes or 450 votes. Finally the list Vivons Saint Jean [Live Saint Jean], led by Florence Arnoux Le Bras got 5.39% or 183 votes.
In the second round, the turnout was 68.57%. The number of voters amounted to 3,642 voters with 3,509 expressing themselves. In the second round, the presidential majority list of Ensemble pour Saint Jean with its head, Pierre-Marie Charvoz collected 55.40% of the vote or 1,944 votes and won 23 seats. The list of "Saint Jean 10 000" conducted by Hervé Bottino, received 44.60% of the vote or 1,565 votes and was therefore awarded 6 seats. The other lists were not present in the second round.
|1870||1870||Alexis Magnin||...||Provisional mayor|
|1912||1935||Henri Falcoz||...||Mayor, député|
|1945||1953||Florimond Girard||UNR||Conseiller général, député|
|1977||2008||Roland Merloz||PS||Conseiller général|
|2008||2020||Pierre-Marie Charvoz||UMP then UDI||Mayor/Conseiller général|
|2020||In progress||Philippe Rollet||...||Mayor|
Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne is twinned with:
In 2017, the commune had 7,746 inhabitants.
|From 1962 to 1999: Population without double counting; for the years following: municipal population.|
Source: EHESS and INSEE
The population structure of the commune of Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne in 2017:
|Population by age group and gender|
The total number of households in Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne is 3,729. These households are not all equal in numbers of individuals. Some of these households contain one, others two, three, four, five or even more than six people. Here, below, is the data as a percentage of the distribution of these households, compared to the total number of households.
|Households of:||1 person||2 people||3 people||4 people||5 people||6+ people|
|Data sources: INSEE|
Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne is located close to some of the major Alpine passes, and of the Les Sybelles ski area and the Vanoise National Park. Activities are available for nature and sports enthusiasts, both hikers and cyclists, as well as skiers. Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne provides access to the Croix-de-Fer, the Télégraphe, the Lautaret, the Grand Cucheron, the Madeleine, the Glandon, the Iseran, Mont Cenis and the Galibier mountain passes. The city regularly hosts major cycling races such as the Tour de France or the Critérium du Dauphiné. The Tour de France came to the commune during the 2006, 2010, and 2012 races. The 2015 Tour de France is due to have a stage finish in the commune on 23 July, at the end of stage 18. The following day, it will also be the departure point for stage 19.
The unemployment rate for the commune, in 1999, amounted to 8.8%,with a total number of 359 unemployed. The workforce between 20 and 59 years stood at 84%, which is higher than the national average at 82.2%. There were 46% of people employed versus 19.1% of retirees, whose number is slightly higher than the average national (18.2%). There were 21.9% of people of school age and 13% of people without activity.
Distribution of employment by industry
|Agriculture||Artisans, merchants, business leaders||Executives, intellectual professions||Associate professionals||Employees||Manual workers|
|Data sources: INSEE|
Alcan (ex-Pechiney): Currently, an important activity of production of aluminium by electrolysis of alumina still exists thanks to a Trimet France factory. The factory celebrated its 100th anniversary in 2007.
With tourism growing through the winter sport resorts and the proximity of the major passes of the Alps and of the Vanoise National Park, local commerce is a new dynamic.[ citation needed ]
The Clos Carloz and the recreation area of the Combe are the main green spaces in the city. There is also the Garden of Europe and the Saint Ayrald Garden.
The commune has several museums:
Notable cultural associations:
In 2014, the commune of Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne has the "Floral City" label with "three flowers" awarded by the National Council of floral cities and villages of France in the Concours des villes et villages fleuris.
Born in the commune:
|The arms of Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne are blazoned:|
Of azure a hand blessing of argent, dressed of same.
This coat of arms was firstly that of the chapter of the cathedral, before becoming that of the city. There originated the relics of Saint John the Baptist, made in the 6th century: Three fingers of the hand which baptised Christ, hence the hand blessing symbol. This coat of arms is now widespread in much of the world, on the Opinel knife blade: The "crowned hand". The hand blessing recalls the origin of the knife, near Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne, and the ducal crown means that it is now produced in Chambéry, the capital of the Dukes of Savoy.
Savoy is a cultural-historical region in the Western Alps.
Savoie is a department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region of Southeastern France. Located in the French Alps, its prefecture is Chambéry. In 2017, Savoie had a population of 431,174.
Aix-les-Bains, locally simply Aix, is a commune in the southeastern French department of Savoie.
Annecy is the prefecture and largest city of the Haute-Savoie department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region of Southeastern France. It lies on the northern tip of Lake Annecy, 35 kilometres (22 mi) south of Geneva, Switzerland. Nicknamed the "Pearl of French Alps" in Raoul Blanchard's monograph describing its location between lake and mountains, the city controls the northern entrance to the lake gorge. Due to a lack of available building land between the lake and the protected Semnoz mountain, its population has remained stagnant, around 50,000 inhabitants, since 1950. However, the 2017 merger with several ex-communes extended the city population to 126,924 inhabitants and 170,753 for its urban area, placing Annecy seventh in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region.
Chambéry is the prefecture of the Savoie department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region of Southeastern France. In 2017, the commune had a population of 58,919, and its urban area had 190,279 inhabitants.
Mont-Blanc[mɔ̃ blɑ̃] was a department of the First French Empire. It was named after Mont Blanc, the highest mountain in Western Europe, which marks the border between France and Piedmont. It was formed in 1792, when the Savoy region, was occupied by the French. The department ceased to exist following Napoleon's defeat at Waterloo; the territory was restored to its former rulers.
Mont Cenis is a massif and a pass in Savoie (France), which forms the limit between the Cottian and Graian Alps.
The arrondissement of Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne is an arrondissement of France in the Savoie department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region. It has 53 communes. Its population is 43,091 (2016), and its area is 1,976.0 km2 (762.9 sq mi). The area corresponds to the former province of Maurienne.
Maurienne is one of the provinces of Savoy, corresponding to the arrondissement of Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne in France. It is also the original name of the capital of the province, now Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne.
Modane is a commune in the Savoie department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in southeastern France.
The Arve Valley is an alpine valley located in the French Haute-Savoie department. The namesake of the valley is the river at the bottom: the Arve. The valley as a whole makes up the majority of Faucigny, one of the Natural Regions of France, and one of six that make up the Savoie region.
The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Chambéry, Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne, and Tarentaise is an archdiocese of the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic Church in France and a suffragan of the Archdiocese of Lyon. The archepiscopal see is Chambéry Cathedral, located in the city of Chambéry. The archdiocese encompasses the department of Savoie, in the Region of Rhône-Alpes. The current archbishop is Mgr. Philippe Ballot, formerly a priest in Besançon.
Mouxy is a commune in the Savoie department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in south-eastern France.
Saint-Quentin-Fallavier is a commune in the Isère department, and the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region, in southeastern France.
The Army of the Alps was one of the French Revolutionary armies. It existed from 1792–1797 and from July to August 1799, and the name was also used on and off until 1939 for France's army on its border with Italy.
The Culoz–Modane railway is a 135 kilometres long railway running from Culoz, near Chambéry, through Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne to Modane in France. Together with the Italian Turin–Modane railway it is often called "Fréjus Railway" or "Mont Cenis Railway".
Louis de Gorrevod was a Roman Catholic bishop and cardinal.
The canton of Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne is an administrative division of the Savoie department, southeastern France. Its borders were modified at the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015. Its seat is in Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne.
The Fortified Section of Savoy(Secteur fortifié de la Savoie) was the French military organization that in 1940 controlled the section of the Alpine Line portion of the Maginot Line facing Italy in the Savoy region. The sector constituted part of the Alpine Line portion of the Maginot Line, between the Defensive Sector of the Rhône to the north, and the Fortified Sector of the Dauphiné to the south. The works combined a number of pre-1914 fortifications with Maginot-style ouvrages, with many forward-positioned cavern-style frontier stations or avant-postes that proved effective in holding invading forces near the order.
The Château de Saint-Michel-de-Maurienne is a 13th century castle in the commune of Saint-Michel-de-Maurienne Savoie département of France.
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