Bourg-Saint-Maurice

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Bourg-Saint-Maurice

Bôrg-Sant-Mori  (Arpitan)
Bourg-Saint-Maurice, Savoie, France.jpg
A general view of Bourg-Saint-Maurice
Blason ville Fr Bourg-Saint-Maurice (Savoie).svg
Coat of arms
Location of Bourg-Saint-Maurice
Bourg-Saint-Maurice
France location map-Regions and departements-2016.svg
Red pog.svg
Bourg-Saint-Maurice
Auvergne-Rhone-Alpes region location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Bourg-Saint-Maurice
Coordinates: 45°37′03″N6°46′10″E / 45.6175°N 6.7694°E / 45.6175; 6.7694 Coordinates: 45°37′03″N6°46′10″E / 45.6175°N 6.7694°E / 45.6175; 6.7694
Country France
Region Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Department Savoie
Arrondissement Albertville
Canton Bourg-Saint-Maurice
Government
  Mayor (20202026) Guillaume Desrues
Area
1
179.07 km2 (69.14 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018) [1]
7,252
  Density40/km2 (100/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
73054 /73700
Elevation744–3,823 m (2,441–12,543 ft)
(avg. 815 m or 2,674 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Bourg-Saint-Maurice (French pronunciation:  [buʁ sɛ̃ mɔʁis, - moʁ-]( Loudspeaker.svg listen ); Arpitan: Bôrg-Sant-Mori or simply Le Bôrg), popularly known as Bourg, is a commune in the Savoie department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in Southeastern France. Located on the Italian border south of Chamonix-Mont-Blanc, it had a population of 7,252 as of 2018. It serves as a transport hub for the Paradiski ski area, with direct trains from London and Amsterdam during the winter.

Contents

History

Bergintrum was a place on the Gallic side of the pass of the Alpes Graiae, lying on the road marked in the Antonine Itinerary between Mediolanum (modern Milan) and Vienna (modern Vienne, Isère). Jean-Baptiste Bourguignon d'Anville (Notice, etc.) placed it between Axima (modern Aime) and Alpis Graia. The distance from Bergintrum to Axima, marked viiii M. P. The Alpis Graia, is usually identified with a settlement at the watershed on the Pass of the Little Saint Bernard, which divides the waters that flow to the Isère on the French side from those that flow to the Dora Baltea on the Italian side. This is the place D'Anville calls L'Hôpital, on the authority of a manuscript map of the country. D'Anville first proposed the identification of Bergintrum with Bourg-Saint-Maurice; although he acknowledged that xii, the distance in the Table between Bergintrum and Alpis Graia, does not fit the distance between Bourg-Saint-Maurice and L'Hôpital, which is less. Modern scholarship confirms the identification. [2] In the course of the French Revolution, Bourg-Saint-Maurice was briefly renamed Nargue-Sarde between 1794 and 1815.

Geography

Arc en Ciel funicular railway Arc en Ciel funicular railway.jpg
Arc en Ciel funicular railway

Located in the arrondissement of Albertville in the Savoie department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region, Bourg-Saint-Maurice is the last town along the Tarentaise Valley in the heart of the French Alps.

Transport

TGVs at Bourg-Saint-Maurice station TGV a Bourg-Saint-Maurice (Savoie).JPG
TGVs at Bourg-Saint-Maurice station

Bourg-Saint-Maurice station is linked to the TGV network and has services direct from London (Eurostar) and Amsterdam (Thalys) in the winter. The Arc en Ciel funicular railway links the town to the Arc 1600 ski area.

Landmarks

Ouvrage Chatelard is a lesser work (petit ouvrage) of the Maginot Line's Alpine extension, the Alpine Line, also known as the Little Maginot Line. Begun in 1938, the ouvrage consists of one infantry block about one kilometer northeast of the town, in the village of Le Chatelard. A short gallery with cross galleries extends into the rock, with an emergency exit and ventilation shaft halfway back. The ouvrage was incomplete in 1940, under the command of Sub-Lieutenant Bochaton. [3]

Religious sites

The Catholic church of St Maurice is on Grande Rue in the centre of town, the Protestant church is on Avenue Maréchal Leclerc to the south.

Climate

Located in the far east of France, Bourg-Saint-Maurice is right on the boundary between the warm-summer humid continental climate (Dfb) and the oceanic climate (Cfb) under the Köppen system. Winters are long, cold with at least five months of below-freezing temperatures, especially at night. Summers are usually warm and stormy.

Climate data for Bourg-Saint-Maurice (1981–2010 averages)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)16.0
(60.8)
21.5
(70.7)
24.1
(75.4)
28.6
(83.5)
33.8
(92.8)
37.6
(99.7)
38.4
(101.1)
36.7
(98.1)
33.1
(91.6)
28.7
(83.7)
23.5
(74.3)
17.6
(63.7)
38.4
(101.1)
Average high °C (°F)4.9
(40.8)
7.1
(44.8)
11.0
(51.8)
13.9
(57.0)
19.0
(66.2)
22.1
(71.8)
25.5
(77.9)
25.2
(77.4)
21.1
(70.0)
15.7
(60.3)
8.9
(48.0)
5.5
(41.9)
15.0
(59.0)
Daily mean °C (°F)0.6
(33.1)
2.0
(35.6)
5.4
(41.7)
8.3
(46.9)
12.9
(55.2)
15.8
(60.4)
18.7
(65.7)
18.4
(65.1)
14.9
(58.8)
10.2
(50.4)
4.4
(39.9)
1.5
(34.7)
9.4
(49.0)
Average low °C (°F)−3.8
(25.2)
−3.1
(26.4)
−0.3
(31.5)
2.7
(36.9)
6.8
(44.2)
9.5
(49.1)
11.8
(53.2)
11.6
(52.9)
8.6
(47.5)
4.7
(40.5)
−0.2
(31.6)
−2.6
(27.3)
3.8
(38.9)
Record low °C (°F)−21.3
(−6.3)
−19.6
(−3.3)
−15.1
(4.8)
−7.5
(18.5)
−2.3
(27.9)
0.4
(32.7)
2.9
(37.2)
2.9
(37.2)
−1.2
(29.8)
−6.0
(21.2)
−13.2
(8.2)
−18.1
(−0.6)
−21.3
(−6.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches)96.7
(3.81)
96.8
(3.81)
73.2
(2.88)
58.0
(2.28)
74.5
(2.93)
81.5
(3.21)
71.8
(2.83)
68.0
(2.68)
72.0
(2.83)
90.1
(3.55)
95.3
(3.75)
107.2
(4.22)
985.1
(38.78)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 11512717216520820724523617612890891,958
Source: Météo France

Demography

As of 2017 the population was 7,302.

Economy

Bourg-Saint-Maurice provides accommodation and a transport hub for the Paradiski ski area (425 km of slopes, 141 lifts, 239 slopes: 12 Green, 132 Blue, 66 Red, 29 Black). [4] Although there is no skiing at this altitude, it has many budget rental properties. Unlike the villages that make up Les Arcs, Bourg-Saint-Maurice is open all year.

Culture

There is a cinema and weekly markets.

Education

There is a primary school on the Rue de la Rosière, as well as language and ski schools.

Sport

Bourg is also a popular summer destination, as it offers much to lovers of the outdoors and watersports. There is a whitewater slalom course on the Isere river used for international canoe and kayak competitions. The course on the Isere has been host to the ICF world championships and is used by many European teams as a training course in the summer. The course is often changed by the floods that occur during the winter months.

The surrounding mountains are good for walking and mountain biking. They also are a good place for paragliding and hang gliding. Some of Les Arcs ski lifts operate during July and August to get walkers to the higher peaks and you can take mountain bikes up on these. Mountain bikes (vélo tout terrain or VTT in French) can be hired in both Bourg and Les Arcs. Some of the high altitude restaurants open in these months, the ones at Pre st Esprit and L'Arpete have small outdoor pools.

The nearest summer glacier skiing is in Tignes (approximately 27 km from Bourg) on the Grande Motte; due to glacial recession, however, it is now closed at certain times of the year.

Notable people

The French ski mountaineer Bertrand Blanc was born in Bourg-Saint-Maurice on 29 October 1973. It is also the birthplace of French politician Hervé Gaymard (31 May 1960).

See also

Related Research Articles

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Ouvrage Chatelard

Ouvrage Chatelard is a lesser work of the Maginot Line's Alpine extension, the Alpine Line, also known as the Little Maginot Line. Begun in 1938, the ouvrage consists of one infantry block about one kilometer northeast of Bourg St. Maurice, in the village of Le Chatelard. A short gallery with cross galleries extends into the rock, with an emergency exit and ventilation shaft halfway back. The ouvrage was incomplete in 1940, under the command of Sub-Lieutenant Bochaton.

Ouvrage Cave-à-Canon

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References

  1. "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.
  2. Richard Talbert , Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World , ( ISBN   0-691-03169-X ), Map 17.
  3. Puelinckx, Jean; Aublet, Jean-Louis; Mainguin, Sylvie (2010). "Chatelard (po de)". Index de la Ligne Maginot (in French). fortiff.be. Retrieved 10 February 2010.
  4. http://www.peakretreats.co.uk/winter/ski-resorts/paradiski/bourg-st-maurice