Grand Slam (tennis)

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The Grand Slam tournaments, also called majors, are the four most important annual tennis events. They offer the most ranking points, prize money, public and media attention, the greatest strength and size of field, and greater number of "best of" sets for men. The Grand Slam itinerary consists of the Australian Open in mid January, the French Open around late May through early June, Wimbledon in June-July, and the US Open in August-September. Each tournament is played over a two-week period. The Australian and United States tournaments are played on hard courts, [lower-alpha 1] the French on clay, and Wimbledon on grass. Wimbledon is the oldest, founded in 1877, followed by the US in 1881, the French in 1891, and the Australian in 1905. However, of these four, only Wimbledon was a major before 1924–25, when all four became designated Grand Slam tournaments. Skipping majors—especially the Australian Open because of the remoteness, the inconvenient dates (around Christmas and New Year's Day) and the low prize money—was not unusual before 1982. [1]

Tennis ball sport with racket and net

Tennis is a racket sport that can be played individually against a single opponent (singles) or between two teams of two players each (doubles). Each player uses a tennis racket that is strung with cord to strike a hollow rubber ball covered with felt over or around a net and into the opponent's court. The object of the game is to maneuver the ball in such a way that the opponent is not able to play a valid return. The player who is unable to return the ball will not gain a point, while the opposite player will.

The Australian Open is a tennis tournament held annually over the last fortnight of January in Melbourne, Australia. The tournament is the first of the four Grand Slam tennis events held each year, preceding the French Open, Wimbledon, and the US Open. It features men's and women's singles; men's, women's, and mixed doubles; junior's championships; and wheelchair, legends, and exhibition events. Prior to 1988 it was played on grass courts, but since then two types of hardcourt surfaces have been used at Melbourne Park – green coloured Rebound Ace up to 2007 and, afterwards, blue Plexicushion.

French Open French Open Tennis Championships

The French Open, also called Roland-Garros, is a major tennis tournament held over two weeks between late May and early June at the Stade Roland-Garros in Paris, France. The venue is named after the French aviator Roland Garros. It is the premier clay court tennis championship event in the world and the second of four annual Grand Slam tournaments, the other three being the Australian Open, Wimbledon and the US Open. The French Open is currently the only Grand Slam event held on clay, and it is the zenith of the spring clay court season. Because of the seven rounds needed for a championship, the slow-playing surface and the best-of-five-set men's singles matches, the event is widely considered to be the most physically demanding tennis tournament in the world.

Contents

Grand Slam tournaments are not operated by the Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) or the Women's Tennis Association (WTA), but by the International Tennis Federation (ITF). [2] However, the ATP and WTA do award ranking points based on a player's performance at a major. [3] [4]

Association of Tennis Professionals organization of professional male tennis players

The Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) is a main men's tennis governing body.

The Women's Tennis Association (WTA), founded in 1973 by Billie Jean King, is the principal organizing body of women's professional tennis. It governs the WTA Tour which is the worldwide professional tennis tour for women and was founded to create a better future for women's tennis. Its counterpart organisation in the men's professional game is the Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP). The WTA's corporate headquarters is in St. Petersburg, Florida, with its European headquarters in London and its Asia-Pacific headquarters in Beijing.

International Tennis Federation governing body of world tennis

The International Tennis Federation (ITF) is the governing body of world tennis, wheelchair tennis, and beach tennis. It was founded in 1913 as the International Lawn Tennis Federation by twelve national associations, and as of 2016, is affiliated with 211 national tennis associations and six regional associations.

The term Grand Slam, without qualification, and also originally, refers to the achievement of winning all four major championships within a single calendar year within one of the five events: men's and women's singles; men's, women's, and mixed doubles. In doubles, one team may accomplish a Grand Slam playing together or one player may achieve it with different partners. [5] [6] [7]

Winning the four majors in consecutive tournaments but not in the same year is known as a Non-Calendar Year Grand Slam, while winning all four majors at any point during the course of a career is known as a Career Grand Slam. Winning the gold medal at the Summer Olympic Games in addition to the four majors in one calendar year is known as a "Golden Grand Slam" or more commonly the "Golden Slam". Also, winning the Year-End Championship (known as ATP Finals for men's singles and doubles disciplines, and WTA Finals for both women's disciplines) in the same period is known as a "Super Slam". Together, all four majors in all three disciplines (singles, doubles, and mixed doubles) are called a "boxed set" of Grand Slam titles. No male or female player has won all twelve events in one calendar year, although a "career boxed set" has been achieved by three female players.

Olympic medal an award given to successful competitors at one of the Olympic Games

An Olympic medal is awarded to successful competitors at one of the Olympic Games. There are three classes of medal: gold, awarded to the winner; silver, awarded to the 1st runner-up; and bronze, awarded to the second runner-up. The granting of awards is laid out in detail in the Olympic protocols.

Tennis at the Summer Olympics

Tennis was part of the Summer Olympic Games program from the inaugural 1896 Summer Olympics, but was dropped after the 1924 Summer Olympics due to disputes between the International Lawn Tennis Federation and the International Olympic Committee over how to define amateur players. After two appearances as a demonstration sport in 1968 and 1984, it returned as a full medal sport at the 1988 Summer Olympics and has been played at every edition of the Games since then.

ATP Finals annual mens tennis tournament at London, UK

The ATP Finals is the second highest tier of annual men's tennis tournament after the four Grand Slam tournaments.

Tennis

Origin of the term "Grand Slam"

The term slam for winning all of the tricks in the whist family card games (see also whist terms) is attested from early in the 17th century. Grand slam for all of the tricks, in contrast to small slam or little slam for all but one, dates from early in the 19th century. [8] This use was inherited by contract bridge, a modern development of whist defined in 1925 that became very popular in Britain and America by 1930.

Contract bridge card game

Contract bridge, or simply bridge, is a trick-taking card game using a standard 52-card deck. In its basic format, it is played by four players in two competing partnerships, with partners sitting opposite each other around a table. Millions of people play bridge worldwide in clubs, tournaments, online and with friends at home, making it one of the world's most popular card games, particularly among seniors. The World Bridge Federation (WBF) is the governing body for international competitive bridge, with numerous other bodies governing bridge at the regional level.

Grand slam has been used in golf since 1930, when Bobby Jones won the four major championships, two British and two American tournaments. Although John F. Kieran of The New York Times is widely credited with first applying the term "grand slam" to tennis to describe the winning of all four major tennis tournaments in a calendar year, [9] sports columnist Alan Gould had used the term in that connection almost two months before Kieran. [10]

The Grand Slam in professional golf is winning all of golf's major championships in the same calendar year. Other variations include the Career Grand Slam, winning all of the major tournaments within a player's career, or the non-calendar year Grand Slam, also known as the Tiger Slam, holding all major titles at the same time although not in the same year.

Bobby Jones (golfer) American amateur golfer and lawyer

Robert Tyre Jones Jr. was an American amateur golfer who was one of the most influential figures in the history of the sport; he was also a lawyer by profession. Jones founded and helped design the Augusta National Golf Club, and co-founded the Masters Tournament. The innovations that he introduced at the Masters have been copied by virtually every professional golf tournament in the world.

<i>The New York Times</i> Daily broadsheet newspaper based in New York City

The New York Times is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership. Founded in 1851, the paper has won 125 Pulitzer Prizes, more than any other newspaper. The Times is ranked 17th in the world by circulation and 2nd in the U.S.

History

The possibility of being the reigning champion of all the current four majors did not exist until 1924–25, when the International Lawn Tennis Federation designated the Australasian, French (before 1925 only open to members of French tennis clubs), British and American championship tournaments as the four majors. Before that time only three events: Wimbledon, the World Hard Court Championships (held in Paris & once in Brussels) and the World Covered Court Championships (held in various locations) were considered the premier international tennis events by the ILTF. [11] [12] Tony Wilding of New Zealand won all three of those earlier majors in one year: 1913. It has been possible to complete a Grand Slam in most years and most disciplines since 1925. It was not possible from 1940 to 1945 because of interruptions at Wimbledon, the Australian and French opens due to the Second World War, the years from 1970 to 1985 when there was no Australian tournament in mixed doubles, and 1986 when there was no Australian Open at all.

Phil Dent has pointed out that skipping majors—especially the Australian Open—was not unusual then, before counting major titles became the norm. [13] Thus, many players had never played the Austral(as)ian amateur or open championships: the Doherty brothers, William Larned, Maurice McLoughlin, Beals Wright, Bill Johnston, Bill Tilden, René Lacoste, Henri Cochet, Bobby Riggs, Jack Kramer, Ted Schroeder, Pancho Gonzales, Budge Patty, Manuel Santana, Jan Kodeš and others, while Brookes, Ellsworth Vines, Jaroslav Drobný, Manuel Orantes, Ilie Năstase (at 35 years old) and Björn Borg came just once. Beginning in 1969, when the first Australian Open was held on the Milton Courts at Brisbane, the tournament was open to all players, including professionals, who at that point were prohibited from playing the traditional circuit. [14] Nevertheless, except for the 1969 and 1971 tournaments, many of the best players missed this championship until 1982, because of the remoteness, the inconvenient dates (around Christmas and New Year's Day) and the low prize money. In 1970, George MacCall's National Tennis League, which employed Rod Laver, Ken Rosewall, Andrés Gimeno, Pancho Gonzales, Roy Emerson and Fred Stolle, prevented its players from entering the tournament because the guarantees were insufficient. The tournament was won by Arthur Ashe. [15]

In terms of the current four majors, the first to win all four in a single year was Don Budge, who completed the feat in 1938. To date, 17 players have completed a Grand Slam, though only six in the most prestigious singles titles. Of these players, three have won multiple majors: Rod Laver accomplished the feat twice in men's singles; Margaret Court accomplished the feat three times, in two different disciplines – once in women's singles and twice in mixed doubles; and Esther Vergeer completed a grand slam twice in Women's wheelchair doubles.

The four Junior disciplines, boys' and girls' singles and doubles, provide limited opportunities to achieve a Grand Slam. Players are only eligible from age 13 to 18, with 18-year-olds likely to hold a physical advantage. Only Stefan Edberg has completed the Grand Slam in a Junior discipline.

Tournament details

EventDatesVenueSurfaceCurrent champion(s)
Men's SinglesWomen's SinglesMen's DoublesWomen's DoublesMixed Doubles
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Australian Open mid/late
January
Melbourne Park,
Melbourne
Hard Flag of Serbia.svg Novak Djokovic Flag of Japan.svg Naomi Osaka Flag of France.svg Pierre-Hugues Herbert
Flag of France.svg Nicolas Mahut
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Samantha Stosur
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Zhang Shuai
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Barbora Krejčíková
Flag of the United States.svg Rajeev Ram
Flag of France.svg French Open late May/
early June
Stade Roland Garros,
Paris
Clay Flag of Spain.svg Rafael Nadal Flag of Romania.svg Simona Halep Flag of France.svg Pierre-Hugues Herbert
Flag of France.svg Nicolas Mahut
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Barbora Krejčíková
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Kateřina Siniaková
Flag of Chinese Taipei for Olympic games.svg Latisha Chan
Flag of Croatia.svg Ivan Dodig
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Wimbledon late June/
early July
All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club,
London
Grass Flag of Serbia.svg Novak Djokovic Flag of Germany.svg Angelique Kerber Flag of the United States.svg Mike Bryan
Flag of the United States.svg Jack Sock
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Barbora Krejčíková
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Kateřina Siniaková
Flag of the United States.svg Nicole Melichar
Flag of Austria.svg Alexander Peya
Flag of the United States.svg US Open late August/
early September
USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Center,
New York City
Hard Flag of Serbia.svg Novak Djokovic Flag of Japan.svg Naomi Osaka Flag of the United States.svg Mike Bryan
Flag of the United States.svg Jack Sock
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Ashleigh Barty
Flag of the United States.svg CoCo Vandeweghe
Flag of the United States.svg Bethanie Mattek-Sands
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Jamie Murray

Winners

Grand Slam champions

Players who completed the Grand Slam

Chronological

#YearPlayerDisciplineNotes
11938 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Don Budge Men's singlesPart of 6 consecutive titles
21951 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Ken McGregor
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Frank Sedgman
Men's doublesPart of 7 consecutive titles for the team
Part of 8 consecutive titles for Sedgman with Flag of Australia (converted).svg John Bromwich and Flag of Australia (converted).svg Ken McGregor
31953 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Maureen Connolly Women's singlesPart of 6 consecutive titles
41960 Flag of Brazil (1960-1968).svg Maria Bueno Women's doublesWith Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Christine Truman and Flag of the United States.svg Darlene Hard
51962 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Rod Laver Men's singles
61963 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Margaret Court
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Ken Fletcher
Mixed doublesPart of 6 consecutive titles for the team
Part of 7 consecutive titles for Court with Flag of Australia (converted).svg Fred Stolle and Flag of Australia (converted).svg Ken Fletcher
71965 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Margaret Court Mixed doublesPart of 5 consecutive titles with Flag of Australia (converted).svg John Newcombe, Flag of Australia (converted).svg Ken Fletcher and Flag of Australia (converted).svg Fred Stolle
81967 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Owen Davidson Mixed doublesPart of 5 consecutive titles with Flag of the United States.svg Donna Floyd, Flag of Australia (converted).svg Lesley Turner and Flag of the United States.svg Billie Jean King
91969 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Rod Laver Men's singlesOnly player to complete the singles' Grand Slam twice
101970 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Margaret Court Women's singlesPart of 6 consecutive titles
111983 Flag of Sweden.svg Stefan Edberg Boys' singlesOnly Junior to complete a Grand Slam
121984 Flag of the United States.svg Martina Navratilova
Flag of the United States.svg Pam Shriver
Women's doublesPart of 8 consecutive titles
131988 Flag of Germany.svg Steffi Graf Women's singlesPart of 5 consecutive titles
141998 Flag of Switzerland.svg Martina Hingis Women's doublesPart of 5 consecutive titles with Flag of Croatia.svg Mirjana Lučić, Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Jana Novotná and Flag of Russia.svg Anna Kournikova
152009 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Esther Vergeer
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Korie Homan
Women's wheelchair doublesPart of 12 consecutive titles for Vergeer with Flag of the Netherlands.svg Korie Homan, Flag of the Netherlands.svg Jiske Griffioen and Flag of the Netherlands.svg Maaike Smit
162011 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Esther Vergeer
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Sharon Walraven
Women's wheelchair doublesPart of 7 consecutive titles for the team
Part of 8 consecutive titles for Vergeer with Flag of the Netherlands.svg Sharon Walraven and Flag of the Netherlands.svg Marjolein Buis
172013 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Aniek van Koot
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Jiske Griffioen
Women's wheelchair doubles
182014 Flag of France.svg Stéphane Houdet Men's wheelchair doublesWith Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Joachim Gérard and Flag of Japan.svg Shingo Kunieda
192014 Flag of Japan.svg Yui Kamiji
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Jordanne Whiley
Women's wheelchair doublesPart of 5 consecutive titles

Per player

PlayerGrand Slams
SinglesDoublesMixedTotal
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Margaret Court
1
2
3
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Rod Laver
2
2
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Esther Vergeer (wheelchair tennis)
2
Flag of the United States.svg Don Budge
1
1
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Ken McGregor
1
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Frank Sedgman
1
Flag of the United States.svg Maureen Connolly
1
Flag of Brazil.svg Maria Bueno
1
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Ken Fletcher
1
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Owen Davidson
1
Flag of Sweden.svg Stefan Edberg (junior tennis)
1
Flag of the United States.svg Martina Navratilova
1
Flag of the United States.svg Pam Shriver
1
Flag of Germany.svg Steffi Graf
1
Flag of Switzerland.svg Martina Hingis
1
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Korie Homan (wheelchair tennis)
1
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Sharon Walraven (wheelchair tennis)
1
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Aniek van Koot (wheelchair tennis)
1
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Jiske Griffioen (wheelchair tennis)
1
Flag of France.svg Stéphane Houdet (wheelchair tennis)
1
Flag of Japan.svg Yui Kamiji (wheelchair tennis)
1
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Jordanne Whiley (wheelchair tennis)
1

Non-calendar year Grand Slam

Controversy over terminology

In 1982, the International Tennis Federation (ITF) began offering a $1 million bonus to any singles player to win four consecutive major titles, no matter the time of completion. Although groups variously identified as the Men's International Professional Tennis Council, "abetted primarily by some British tennis writers", [16] and "European tennis journalists" [17] had advocated for the ITF to change the definition of "Grand Slam", ITF General Secretary David Gray made it clear that this was not going to happen. In a 1983 letter to tennis journalist Paul Fein, Gray clarified:

There seems to be some confusion. The ITF's only initiative in this matter has been the organisation of the offer of a bonus of $1m. to any player who holds all four Grand Slam titles simultaneously [...] In spite of all that we have read on this matter, it has never been my Committee of Management's intention to alter the basis of the classic Grand Slam i.e., the capture of all four titles in a year.

The ITF's plan was to offer the cash bonus for three years, apparently to encourage players to compete in all four major tournaments as much as to reward success at them. [18]

Even before the ITF had announced their bonus, the Grand Slam controversy had taken on a life of its own. Writing in 1982, Neil Amdur claimed, "Now the sport spins nervously under the influence of big dollars and even bigger egos, and tradition has almost gone the way of white balls and long flannels [...] If the four major tournaments want to offer a $1 million incentive for any player in the future who can sweep their titles—and such talks have been rumored—that bonus would be a welcome addition. But changing what the Grand Slam is all about is like a baseball player believing that he 'hit for the cycle' after slugging a single, double and triple in the first game of a doubleheader and a home run in his first time at bat in the second game." [17] Despite seeming clarity from the ITF, some journalists suggested that the sport's organizing body had turned its back on history and changed the "rules" of tennis by redefining a Grand Slam. Such confusion continued for years. For instance, when Steffi Graf completed the Grand Slam in 1988, George Vecsey wrote, "Even the International Tennis Federation, which should have more respect for history, ruled in 1982 that winning any four straight majors constituted a Grand Slam—and offered a $1 million bonus for it [...] But many tennis people, and most writers, and probably most fans, too, did not accept the new rules, and the I.T.F. has dropped the gimmick." [19] Vecsey was only half right: the ITF dropped the "gimmick" of the cash bonus, but it had never changed any rules.

However, the ambiguous way the ITF described the Grand Slam in their Constitution led to journalists continuing to make the same assumption as Vecsey over two decades later. For instance, when Rafael Nadal was on the verge of completing a non-calendar year Grand Slam at the 2011 Australian Open, one writer observed, "Most traditionalists insist that the 'Grand Slam' should refer only to winning all four titles in a calendar year, although the constitution of the International Tennis Federation, the sports governing body, spells out that 'players who hold all four of these titles at the same time achieve the Grand Slam'." [20] This was true until later in 2011, when the ITF edited the description to eliminate all confusion. As it now stands, "The Grand Slam titles are the championships of Australia, France, the United States of America and Wimbledon. Players who hold all four of these titles in one calendar year achieve the 'Grand Slam'." [21]

When Martina Navratilova won the 1984 French Open and became the reigning champion of all four women's singles events, she was the first player to receive the bonus prize in recognition of her achievement. Some media outlets did, indeed, say that she had won a Grand Slam. [22] Others simply noted the ongoing controversy: "Whether the Slam was Grand or Bland or a commercial sham tainted with an asterisk the size of a tennis ball, Martina Navratilova finally did it." [23] Although the ITF recognizes what is now unofficially known as the "non-calendar year Grand Slam" on its Roll of Honour, no subsequent player to win four or more majors in a row—Steffi Graf, Serena Williams, or Novak Djokovic—has received bonus prize money.

Combining the Grand Slam and non-calendar year Grand Slam, the total number of times that players achieved the feat (of being the reigning champion in all four majors) expands to 18.

Achievements and near misses

Three women have won four or more consecutive major titles since 1970, with Navratilova taking six in a row in 1983–1984. On the men's side, Novak Djokovic was the first singles player since Rod Laver to hold all four major titles at once, which he accomplished between Wimbledon 2015 and the 2016 French Open. Prior to the Open Era, Don Budge received the same accolades in winning the French Championships in 1938, but then completed the more prestigious Grand Slam at the 1938 US Championships, giving him six majors in a row, the only male to ever win more than four consecutive major tournaments.

The Bryan brothers (Bob and Mike) were the last to achieve a non-calendar year Grand Slam in men's doubles. Several players and teams came up one title short. Todd Woodbridge and Mark Woodforde, known collectively as The Woodies, reached the final of the 1997 French Open while holding all the other three titles, but lost to Yevgeny Kafelnikov and Daniel Vacek. In singles, Pete Sampras lost the 1994 French Open quarterfinal to fellow countryman Jim Courier, having won the previous three majors. Roger Federer in 2006 and 2007, and Novak Djokovic in 2012 repeated this, both ultimately losing the French Open final to Rafael Nadal. Nadal himself was prevented from achieving this feat by his countryman David Ferrer, who defeated him in the quarterfinal of the 2011 Australian Open, which Nadal entered holding the other three major titles. In women's singles, Monica Seles lost the 1992 Wimbledon final to Steffi Graf, having won the previous three majors. Martina Hingis had a chance to achieve the feat in the 1998, but lost to Seles in the French Open semifinal. In women's doubles, Virginia Ruano Pascual and Paola Suárez had won three majors from US Open 2003 to the 2004 French Open, lost at the semifinals to Cara Black and Rennae Stubbs in the 2004 Wimbledon, and Sania Mirza together with Hingis had won from Wimbledon 2015 to the 2016 Australian Open, but lost in the third round of the 2016 French Open to Barbora Krejčíková and Kateřina Siniaková. In 2017, Bethanie Mattek-Sands and Lucie Šafářová had the chance to win four consecutive titles at Wimbledon, but withdrew from their scheduled second round match following an acute knee injury suffered by Mattek-Sands in the second round of the Ladies' Singles competition.

The following list is for those players who achieved a non-calendar Grand Slam by winning four or more consecutive titles, but who failed to win the Grand Slam during the same streak.

Men's singles

titlesPlayerYearsFromTo
4 Flag of Serbia.svg Novak Djokovic 2015–16 2015 Wimbledon 2016 French Open

Women's singles

titlesPlayerYearsFromTo
6 Flag of the United States.svg Martina Navratilova 1983–84 1983 Wimbledon 1984 US Open
4 Flag of Germany.svg Steffi Graf 1993–94 1993 French Open 1994 Australian Open
Flag of the United States.svg Serena Williams 2002–03 2002 French Open 2003 Australian Open
2014–15 2014 US Open 2015 Wimbledon
Note: From 1977 to 1985, the Australian Open was held in December as the last major of the calendar year.

Men's doubles

titlesPlayerYearsFromTo
4 Flag of the United States.svg Bob Bryan
Flag of the United States.svg Mike Bryan
2012–13 2012 US Open 2013 Wimbledon

Women's doubles

titlesPlayerYearsFromToNotes
6 Flag of the United States.svg Gigi Fernández
Flag of Belarus (1918, 1991-1995).svg Natasha Zvereva
1992–93 1992 French Open 1993 Wimbledon
5 Flag of the United States.svg Martina Navratilova 1986–87 1986 French Open 1987 French Open 1 with Flag of Hungary.svg Andrea Temesvári and 4 with Flag of the United States.svg Pam Shriver
4 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Louise Brough 1949–501949 French Championships1950 Australian Championships3 with Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Margaret Osborne duPont and 1 with Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg Doris Hart
Flag of the United States.svg Pam Shriver 1986–87 1986 Wimbledon 1987 French Open4 with Flag of the United States.svg Martina Navratilova
Flag of Belarus (1995-2012).svg Natasha Zvereva 1996–97 1996 US Open 1997 Wimbledon 3 with Flag of the United States.svg Gigi Fernández and 1 with Flag of Switzerland.svg Martina Hingis
Flag of the United States.svg Serena Williams
Flag of the United States.svg Venus Williams
2009–10 2009 Wimbledon 2010 French Open

Mixed doubles

titlesPlayerYearsFromToNotes
4 Flag of the United States.svg Billie Jean King 1967–681967 French Championships 1968 Australian Championships 3 with Flag of Australia (converted).svg Owen Davidson and 1 with Flag of Australia (converted).svg Dick Crealy

Men's wheelchair doubles

titlesPlayerYearsFromToNotes
5 Flag of France.svg Stéphane Houdet 2009–10 2009 French Open 2010 French Open 2 with Flag of France.svg Michaël Jeremiasz, 2 with Flag of Japan.svg Shingo Kunieda and 1 with Flag of Sweden.svg Stefan Olsson
4 Flag of Japan.svg Shingo Kunieda 2014–15 2014 Wimbledon 2015 French Open 3 with Flag of France.svg Stéphane Houdet and 1 with Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Gordon Reid

Women's wheelchair doubles

titlesPlayerYearsFromToNotes
4 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Diede de Groot 2018–19 2018 French Open 2019 Australian Open 2 with Flag of the Netherlands.svg Aniek van Koot and 2 with Flag of Japan.svg Yui Kamiji

Career Grand Slam

The career achievement of all four major championships in one format is termed a Career Grand Slam in that format. Dozens of players have accomplished that (column two) and 17 have doubled it: won a second championship in each of the four majors in one format (column three). Two or more career championships in all four majors is sometimes called a "Multiple Slam Set". Three players have Multiple Slam Sets in two formats, one in three formats, so 22 players are counted in the table (column three). Their achievements are tabulated below.

Career Grand Slams by format
FormatNumbers of players
Completed the Career GSCompleted at least 2
Men's singles8 players (2 Golden, 1 Super)2 players
Women's singles10 players (2 Golden, 2 Super)5 players
Men's doubles24 players (16 as teams)5 players (2 as a team)
Women's doubles21 players (12 as teams)8 players (6 as teams)
Mixed doubles17 players (7 as teams)4 players (2 as teams)

Eight men and ten women have won Career Grand Slams in singles play (rows one and two); among them two men and five women have at least two Career Grand Slams in singles (column three). Since the beginning of the open era, five men (Rod Laver, Andre Agassi, Roger Federer, Rafael Nadal, Novak Djokovic) and six women (Margaret Court, Chris Evert, Martina Navratilova, Steffi Graf, Serena Williams and Maria Sharapova) have achieved this.

Several singles players have won three major championships without achieving the Career Grand Slam, grouped by the missing Grand Slam tournament:

Several doubles players have won three major championships without achieving the Career Grand Slam, grouped by the missing Grand Slam tournament:

Only six players have completed a Career Grand Slam in both singles and doubles: one male (Roy Emerson) and five female (Margaret Court, Doris Hart, Shirley Fry Irvin, Martina Navratilova, and Serena Williams). Court, Hart and Navratilova are the only three players to have completed a "Career Boxed Set", winning all four titles in singles, doubles, and mixed doubles; this has never been done by a male player.

The remainder of this section is a complete list, by format, of all players who have won the Career Grand Slam. Players are ordered chronologically by their completion of the Career Grand Slam. The major tournament at which the Career Grand Slam was achieved is indicated in bold.

Men's singles

Eight men have won all four grand slam tournaments. Two of the eight men (Rod Laver and Roy Emerson) achieved a double career Slam. Originally, the grand slams were held on grass (Australian, Wimbledon, and US Open) and clay (French) and the first four players achieved their grand slams on two surfaces. The US Open changed its surface from grass to clay in 1975 and then to hard court in 1978. The Australian Open changed from grass to hard court in 1988. The last four players (Agassi, Federer, Nadal, Djokovic) achieved their career grand slam on three different surfaces: hard court, clay, and grass.

#PlayerAge Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Fred Perry 26 1934 1935 1934 1933
2 Flag of the United States.svg Don Budge 23 1938 1938 1937 1937
3 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Rod Laver 24 1960 1962 1961 1962
4 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Roy Emerson 27 1961 1963 1964 1961
5 Flag of the United States.svg Andre Agassi 29 1995 1999 1992 1994
6 Flag of Switzerland.svg Roger Federer 27 2004 2009 2003 2004
7 Flag of Spain.svg Rafael Nadal 24 2009 2005 2008 2010
8 Flag of Serbia.svg Novak Djokovic 29 2008 2016 2011 2011

Women's singles

Each woman's "first wins" in the four majors are listed chronologically and their ages upon completion of the Career Grand Slam are given in brackets. Five of the ten women achieved at least two Career Grand Slams, two of the ten have achieved three Career Grand Slams and Steffi Graf is the only player to achieve four Career Grand Slams.

#PlayerAge Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1 Flag of the United States.svg Maureen Connolly 18 1953 1953 1952 1951
2 Flag of the United States.svg Doris Hart 28 1949 1950 1951 1954
3 Flag of the United States.svg Shirley Fry Irvin 29 1957 1951 1956 1956
4 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Margaret Court 20 1960 1962 1963 1962
5 Flag of the United States.svg Billie Jean King 28 1968 1972 1966 1967
6 Flag of the United States.svg Chris Evert 27 1982 1974 1974 1975
7 Flag of the United States.svg Martina Navratilova 26 1981 1982 1978 1983
8 Flag of Germany.svg Steffi Graf 19 1988 1987 1988 1988
9 Flag of the United States.svg Serena Williams 21 2003 2002 2002 1999
10 Flag of Russia.svg Maria Sharapova 25 2008 2012 2004 2006
Note: From 1977 to 1985, the Australian Open was held in December as the last major of the calendar year.

Men's doubles

In Men's Doubles, 24 players have won the Career Grand Slam, including sixteen who achieved the Career Grand Slam with a unique partner. Eight of the 24 men achieved at least a double Career Grand Slam at Men's Doubles, led by Roy Emerson and John Newcombe with triple Slams.

Individual

#PlayerAge Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Adrian Quist 2619361935 1935 1939
2 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Frank Sedgman 2319511951 1948 1950
3 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Ken McGregor 2219511951 1951 1951
4 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Lew Hoad 2119531953 1953 1956
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Ken Rosewall 2119531953 1953 1956
6 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Neale Fraser 2519571958 1959 1957
7 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Roy Emerson 251962196019591959
8 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Fred Stolle 261963196519621965
9 Flag of Australia (converted).svg John Newcombe 2319651967 1965 1967
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Tony Roche 221965196719651967
11 Flag of South Africa (1928-1994).svg Bob Hewitt 3719631972 1962 1977
12 Flag of Australia (converted).svg John Fitzgerald 28 1982 1986 1989 1984
Flag of Sweden.svg Anders Järryd 27 1987 1983 1989 1987
14 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Jacco Eltingh 27 1994 1995 1998 1994
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Paul Haarhuis 321994199519981994
16 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Todd Woodbridge 29 1992 2000 1993 1995
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Mark Woodforde 34199220001993 1989
18 Flag of Sweden.svg Jonas Björkman 32 1998 2005 2002 2003
19 Flag of the United States.svg Bob Bryan 28 2006 2003 2006 2005
Flag of the United States.svg Mike Bryan 282006200320062005
21 Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Daniel Nestor 35 2002 2007 2008 2004
22 Flag of India.svg Leander Paes 38 2012 1999 1999 2006
23 Flag of France.svg Pierre-Hugues Herbert 27 2019 2018 2016 2015
Flag of France.svg Nicolas Mahut 372019201820162015

Team

#PlayerAge Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Frank Sedgman
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Ken McGregor
24
23
1951195119511951
2 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Ken Rosewall
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Lew Hoad
22
21
1953195319531956
3 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Neale Fraser
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Roy Emerson
28
25
1962196019591959
4 Flag of Australia (converted).svg John Newcombe
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Tony Roche
23
24
1965196719651967
5 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Jacco Eltingh
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Paul Haarhuis
28
32
1994199519981994
6 Flag of Australia (converted).svg The Woodies
(Mark Woodforde
Todd Woodbridge)
34
29
1992200019931995
7 Flag of the United States.svg Bryan brothers
(Bob Bryan
Mike Bryan)
28
28
2006200320062005
8 Flag of France.svg Pierre-Hugues Herbert
Flag of France.svg Nicolas Mahut
27
37
2019201820162015
Note: From 1977 to 1985, the Australian Open was held in December as the last major of the calendar year.

Women's doubles

At Women's Doubles, 21 players have won the career Slam, including ten who achieved the Career Grand Slam with a unique partner. Nine of the 21 achieved at least a double Career Grand Slam at Women's Doubles, led by Martina Navratilova with seven or more titles in each major.

Individual

#PlayerAge Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1 Flag of the United States.svg Louise Brough Clapp 2719501946 1946 1942
2 Flag of the United States.svg Doris Hart 2619491951 1951 1951
3 Flag of the United States.svg Shirley Fry Irvin 301957195019511951
4 Flag of Brazil.svg Maria Bueno 2019601960 1958 1960
5 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Margaret Court 2219611964 1964 1963
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Lesley Turner Bowrey 211964196419641961
7 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Judy Tegart Dalton 3219641966 1969 1970
8 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg / Flag of the United States.svg Martina Navratilova 23 1980 1975 1976 1977
9 Flag of the United States.svg Kathy Jordan 21 1981 1980 1980 1981
Flag of the United States.svg Anne Smith 211981198019801981
11 Flag of the United States.svg Pam Shriver 21 1982 1984 1981 1983
12 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Helena Suková 25 1990 1990 1987 1985
13 Flag of the United States.svg Gigi Fernández 28 1993 1991 1992 1988
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg / Flag of Belarus (1918, 1991-1995).svg Natasha Zvereva 211993 1989 1991 1991
15 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg / Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Jana Novotná 2519901990 1989 1994
16 Flag of Switzerland.svg Martina Hingis 17 1997 1998 1996 1998
17 Flag of the United States.svg Serena Williams 19 2001 1999 2000 1999
Flag of the United States.svg Venus Williams 202001199920001999
19 Flag of the United States.svg Lisa Raymond 33 2000 2006 2001 2001
20 Flag of Italy.svg Sara Errani 27 2013 2012 2014 2012
Flag of Italy.svg Roberta Vinci 312013201220142012

Team

#PlayerAge Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Judy Tegart Dalton
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Margaret Court
32
27
1969196619691970
2 Flag of the United States.svg Anne Smith
Flag of the United States.svg Kathy Jordan
21
21
1981198019801981
3 Flag of the United States.svg Martina Navratilova
Flag of the United States.svg Pam Shriver
28
21
1982198419821983
4 Flag of the United States.svg Gigi Fernández
Flag of Belarus (1918, 1991-1995).svg Natasha Zvereva
28
21
1993199219921992
5 Flag of the United States.svg Williams sisters
(Serena Williams
Venus Williams)
19
20
2001199920001999
6 Flag of Italy.svg Roberta Vinci
Flag of Italy.svg Sara Errani
31
27
2013201220142012
Note: From 1977 to 1985, the Australian Open was held in December as the last major of the calendar year.

Mixed doubles

At Mixed Doubles, a total of 17 players have won the career Slam, including seven who won all four events with the same partner — an odd number because Margaret Court accomplished a career Grand Slam separately with Ken Fletcher and Marty Riessen. The two other teams which won all four events are Doris Hart with Frank Sedgman, and Martina Hingis with Leander Paes. Four of the 17 players have accomplished multiple career Grand Slams in mixed doubles, led by Margaret Court's quadruple Slam.

Individual

#PlayerAge Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1 Flag of France.svg Jean Borotra 2919281927 1925 1926
2 Flag of the United States.svg Doris Hart 2619491951 1951 1951
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Frank Sedgman 211949195119511951
4 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Margaret Court 2019631963 1963 1961
5 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Ken Fletcher 231963196319631963
6 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Owen Davidson 2319651967 1967 1966
7 Flag of the United States.svg Billie Jean King 24 1968 196719671967
8 Flag of the United States.svg Marty Riessen 33 1969 1969 1975 1969
9 Flag of South Africa (1928-1994).svg Bob Hewitt 3919611970 1977 1979
10 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Todd Woodbridge 24 1993 1992 1994 1990
11 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Mark Woodforde 27 1992 1995 1993 1992
12 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg / Flag of the United States.svg Martina Navratilova 46 2003 1974 1985 1985
13 Flag of Slovakia.svg Daniela Hantuchová 22 2002 2005 2001 2005
14 Flag of India.svg Mahesh Bhupathi 29 2006 1997 2002 1999
15 Flag of Zimbabwe.svg Cara Black 30 2010 2002 2004 2008
16 Flag of India.svg Leander Paes 42 2003 2016 1999 2008
Flag of Switzerland.svg Martina Hingis 35 2006 2016 2015 2015

Team

#PlayerAge Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1 Flag of the United States.svg Doris Hart
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Frank Sedgman
21
26
1949195119511951
2 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Ken Fletcher
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Margaret Court
23
21
1963196319631963
3 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Margaret Court
Flag of the United States.svg Marty Riessen
32
33
1969196919751969
4 Flag of India.svg Leander Paes
Flag of Switzerland.svg Martina Hingis
42
35
2015201620152015
Note: From 1977 to 1985, the Australian Open was held in December as the last major of the calendar year.

Boys' singles

#PlayerAge Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1 Flag of Sweden.svg Stefan Edberg 1719831983 1983 1983

Boys' doubles

#PlayerAge Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Mark Kratzmann 1719841983 1983 1983

Men's wheelchair doubles

Individual

#PlayerAge Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1Flag of Japan.svg  Shingo Kunieda  (JPN)24 2007 2008 2006 2007
2Flag of France.svg  Stéphane Houdet  (FRA)40 2010 2007 2009 2009
3Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Maikel Scheffers  (NED)28 2011 2008 2011 2010
4Flag of France.svg  Michael Jeremiasz  (FRA)32 2013 2009 20092005
5Flag of France.svg  Nicolas Peifer  (FRA)25 2016 2011 2015 2011
6Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Gordon Reid  (GBR)25 2017 2015 2016 2015

Team

#PlayerAge Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1Flag of Japan.svg  Shingo Kunieda  (JPN)
Flag of France.svg  Stéphane Houdet  (FRA)
30
44
2010201020132014

Women's wheelchair doubles

Individual

#PlayerAge Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Esther Vergeer  (NED)272004 2007 2009 2005
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Korie Homan  (NED)29 2009 2009 20092005
3Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Sharon Walraven  (NED)40 2011 2010 2010 2010
4Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Jiske Griffioen  (NED)272006 2008 2012 2006
5Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Aniek van Koot  (NED)23 2010 2013 2012 2013
6Flag of Japan.svg  Yui Kamiji  (JPN)20 2014 2014 2014 2014
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Jordanne Whiley  (GRB)222014201420142014
7Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Diede de Groot  (NED)22 2019 2018 2018 2017

Team

#PlayerAge Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Esther Vergeer  (NED)
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Korie Homan  (NED)
27
22
2009200920092005
2Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Esther Vergeer  (NED)
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Sharon Walraven  (NED)
29
40
2011201120102010
3Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Aniek van Koot  (NED)
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Jiske Griffioen  (NED)
23
28
2013201320122013
4Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Jordanne Whiley  (GRB)
Flag of Japan.svg  Yui Kamiji  (JPN)
22
20
2014201420142014

Most consecutive Grand Slam tournament titles

Men's singles

Cons.
titles
PlayerFromTo
6 Flag of the United States.svg Don Budge 1937 Wimbledon 1938 U.S. Championships

Women's singles

Cons.
titles
PlayerFromTo
6 Flag of the United States.svg Maureen Connolly 1952 Wimbledon 1953 U.S. Championships
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Margaret Court 1969 US Open 1971 Australian Open
Flag of the United States.svg Martina Navratilova 1983 Wimbledon 1984 US Open
Note: From 1977 to 1985, the Australian Open was held in December as the last major of the calendar year.

Men's doubles

Individual

Cons.
titles
PlayerFromTo
8 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Frank Sedgman 1950 U.S. Championships 1952 Wimbledon

Team

Cons.
titles
Player(s)FromTo
7 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Frank Sedgman
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Ken McGregor
1951 Australian Championships1952 Wimbledon

Women's doubles

Cons.
titles
Player(s)FromTo
8 Flag of the United States.svg Martina Navratilova
Flag of the United States.svg Pam Shriver
1983 Wimbledon 1985 French Open

Mixed doubles

Individual

Cons.
titles
PlayerFromTo
7 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Margaret Court 1962 US Championships1964 French Championships

Team

Cons.
titles
Player(s)FromTo
6 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Margaret Court
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Ken Fletcher
1963 Australian Championships1964 French Championships

Men's wheelchair singles

Cons.
titles
PlayerFromTo
13 Flag of Japan.svg Shingo Kunieda 2007 Australian Open2011 Australian Open
62014 Australian Open2016 US Open

Women's wheelchair singles

Cons.
titles
PlayerFromTo
11 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Esther Vergeer 2005 US Open 2009 US Open
7 2010 French Open 2012 French Open

Men's wheelchair doubles

Individual

Cons.
titles
PlayerFromTo
5 Flag of France.svg Stéphane Houdet 2009 French Open 2010 French Open
5 2014 Australian Open 2015 Australian Open

Women's wheelchair doubles

Individual

Cons.
titles
PlayerFromTo
12 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Esther Vergeer 2005 US Open 2009 US Open
82010 Wimbledon 2012 French Open

Team

Cons.
titles
Player(s)FromTo
7 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Esther Vergeer
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Sharon Walraven
2010 Wimbledon 2012 Australian Open

Most consecutive Grand Slam singles finals

Men

Cons.
finals
PlayerFromTo
10 Flag of Switzerland.svg Roger Federer 2005 Wimbledon Championships 2007 US Open
8 2008 French Open 2010 Australian Open
7 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Jack Crawford 1933 Australian Championships 1934 Wimbledon Championships
6 Flag of the United States.svg Don Budge 1937 Wimbledon Championships 1938 U.S. Championships
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Rod Laver 1961 Wimbledon Championships 1962 U.S. Championships
Flag of Serbia.svg Novak Djokovic 2015 Australian Open 2016 French Open
5 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Fred Perry 1934 Wimbledon Championships 1935 Wimbledon Championships
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Frank Sedgman 1951 U.S. Championships 1952 U.S. Championships
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Fred Stolle 1964 Wimbledon Championships 1965 Wimbledon Championships
Flag of Spain.svg Rafael Nadal 2011 French Open 2012 French Open
4 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Lew Hoad 1956 Australian Championships 1956 U.S. Championships
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Rod Laver 1969 Australian Open 1969 US Open
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Ivan Lendl 1985 US Open 1986 US Open
Flag of the United States.svg Andre Agassi 1999 French Open 2000 Australian Open
Flag of Serbia.svg Novak Djokovic 2011 Wimbledon Championships 2012 French Open

Women

Cons.
finals
PlayerFromTo
13 Flag of Germany.svg Steffi Graf 1987 French Open 1990 French Open
11 Flag of the United States.svg Martina Navratilova 1985 French Open 1987 US Open
6 Flag of the United States.svg Maureen Connolly 1952 Wimbledon Championships 1953 US Championships
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Margaret Court 1969 US Open 1971 Australian Open
Flag of the United States.svg Martina Navratilova 1983 Wimbledon Championships 1984 US Open
Flag of the United States.svg Chris Evert 1984 French Open 1985 Wimbledon Championships
Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg / Flag of Yugoslavia (1992-2003).svg Monica Seles 1991 US Open 1993 Australian Open
5 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Margaret Court 1963 Wimbledon Championships 1964 Wimbledon Championships
1965 Australian Championships 1966 Australian Championships
Flag of Germany.svg Steffi Graf 1993 Australian Open 1994 Australian Open
Flag of Switzerland.svg Martina Hingis 1997 Australian Open 1998 Australian Open
4 Flag of Norway.svg Molla Bjurstedt Mallory 1915 U.S. Championships 1918 U.S. Championships
Flag of the United States.svg Pauline Betz Addie 1941 U.S. Championships 1944 U.S. Championships
Flag of Brazil.svg Maria Bueno 1964 French Championships 1965 Australian Championships
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Hana Mandlíková 1980 US Open 1981 Wimbledon Championships
Flag of the United States.svg Martina Navratilova 1981 US Open 1982 Wimbledon Championships
Flag of the United States.svg Chris Evert 1982 Wimbledon Championships 1983 French Open
Flag of Spain.svg Arantxa Sánchez Vicario 1994 US Open 1995 Wimbledon Championships
Flag of the United States.svg Serena Williams 2002 French Open 2003 Australian Open
Flag of the United States.svg Venus Williams 2002 French Open 2003 Australian Open
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Justine Henin 2006 Australian Open 2006 US Open
Flag of the United States.svg Serena Williams 2014 US Open 2015 Wimbledon Championships

Most Grand Slam singles titles without a loss

Helen Wills Moody won all 16 of the Grand Slam singles tournaments she played beginning with the 1924 U.S. Championships and extending to the 1933 Wimbledon Championships (not counting her defaults in the 1926 French and Wimbledon Championships). During this period, she won 6 Wimbledons, 4 French Championships, and 6 U.S. Championships. She also won the 1924 Summer Olympics during this period. Moody never entered the Australian Championships.

Most Grand Slam mixed doubles titles without a loss

Doris Hart won all 13 of the Grand Slam mixed doubles tournaments she played beginning with the 1951 French Championships and extending to the 1955 U.S. Championships. During this period, she won 5 Wimbledons, 3 French Championships, and 5 U.S. Championships.

Golden Slam

Tennis was an Olympic sport from the inaugural 1896 Summer Olympics through the 1924 Games, then was dropped for the next 64 years (except as a demonstration sport in 1968 and 1984) before returning in 1988. As there were only three major championships designated by the International Lawn Tennis Federation before 1925, none of the tennis players who participated in the Olympics between 1896 and 1924 had a chance to complete a Golden Grand Slam. However, there was a possibility to complete a Career Golden Grand Slam by winning the 1920 Olympics or 1924 Olympics plus each of the four grand slams, all of which were present from 1925 onwards. The term Golden Slam (initially "Golden Grand Slam") was coined in 1988. [24]

Only one player has completed the Golden Slam: [25] [26]

Flag of Germany.svg Steffi Graf (1988 Australian Open, 1988 French Open, 1988 Wimbledon Championships, 1988 US Open, and 1988 Olympic gold medal)

Non-calendar year Golden Slam

Winning four consecutive Grand Slam tournaments and Olympic event in the period of twelve months, although not in the same year, is called a "Non-calendar year Golden Slam". [27] Only Bob and Mike Bryan have achieved this by winning the 2012 Olympics, 2012 US Open, 2013 Australian Open, 2013 French Open and 2013 Wimbledon Championships. After they won the final at Wimbledon, this was coined the "Golden Bryan Slam". [28]

Career Golden Slam

A player who wins all four Grand Slam tournaments and the Olympic gold medal during his or her career is said to have achieved a Career Golden Slam. The event at which the Career Golden Slam was achieved is indicated in bold.

#PlayerDiscipline Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open Olympics
1 Flag of the United States.svg Pam Shriver Women's doubles 1982 1984 1981 1983 1988
2 Flag of Germany.svg Steffi Graf Women's singles 1988 1987 1988 1988 1988
3 Flag of the United States.svg Gigi Fernández Women's doubles 1993 1991 1992 1988 1992
4 Flag of the United States.svg Andre Agassi Men's singles 1995 1999 1992 1994 1996
5 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Todd Woodbridge Men's doubles 1992 2000 1993 1992 1996
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Mark Woodforde
7 Flag of the United States.svg Serena Williams Women's doubles 2001 1999 2000 1999 2000
Flag of the United States.svg Venus Williams
9 Flag of Japan.svg Shingo Kunieda Men's wheelchair doubles 2009 2008 2006 2007 2004
10 Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Daniel Nestor Men's doubles 2002 2007 2008 2004 2000
11 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Korie Homan Women's wheelchair doubles 2009 2009 2009 2005 2008
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Esther Vergeer Women's wheelchair doubles2004 2007 2009 2005 2000
13 Flag of France.svg Stéphane Houdet Men's wheelchair doubles 2010 2007 2009 2009 2008
14 Flag of Spain.svg Rafael Nadal Men's singles 2009 2005 2008 2010 2008
15 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Sharon Walraven Women's wheelchair doubles 2011 2011 2010 2010 2008
16 Flag of the United States.svg Bob Bryan Men's doubles 2006 2003 2006 2005 2012
Flag of the United States.svg Mike Bryan
18 Flag of the United States.svg Serena WilliamsWomen's singles 2003 2002 2002 1999 2012
19 Flag of France.svg Michaël Jeremiasz Men's wheelchair doubles 2013 2009 2009 2005 2008
20 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Aniek van Koot Women's wheelchair doubles 2010 2013 2012 2013 2016
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Jiske Griffioen Women's wheelchair doubles2006 2008 2012 2006 2016
22 Flag of France.svg Nicolas Peifer Men's wheelchair doubles 2016 2011 2015 2011 2016

Super Slam

Soon after the Open Era began in 1968, the new professional tours each held a year-end championship (YEC), which are elite tournaments involving only the top performers of the given season. The subsequent return of tennis to the Olympics in 1988 gave rise to the notion of a Super Slam as a combination of Golden Slam and YEC title. [29] [30] [31] Eligible YECs are currently called the ATP Finals for men, WTA Finals for women, and the Wheelchair Tennis Masters.

No player has ever completed the Super Slam in a single season.

Non-calendar year Super Slam

Only one player has completed the Super Slam in a period of twelve months:

Flag of Germany.svg Steffi Graf (1987 Virginia Slims Championships, 1988 Australian Open, 1988 French Open, 1988 Wimbledon Championships, 1988 US Open and 1988 Olympic gold medal)

Career Super Slam

#PlayerDiscipline Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open Olympics Year-end
1 Flag of the United States.svg Pam Shriver Women's doubles 1982 1984 1981 1983 1988 1981
2 Flag of Germany.svg Steffi Graf Women's singles 1988 1987 1988 1988 1988 1987
3 Flag of the United States.svg Gigi Fernández Women's doubles 1993 1991 1992 1988 1992 1993
4 Flag of the United States.svg Andre Agassi Men's singles 1995 1999 1992 1994 1996 1990
5 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Todd Woodbridge Men's doubles 1992 2000 1993 1992 1996 1992
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Mark Woodforde
7 Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Daniel Nestor Men's doubles 2002 2007 2008 2004 2000 2007
8 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Esther Vergeer Women's wheelchair doubles2004 2007 2009 2005 2000 2001
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Korie Homan Women's wheelchair doubles 2009 2009 2009 2005 2008 2004
10 Flag of France.svg Stéphane Houdet Men's wheelchair doubles 2010 2007 2009 2009 2008 2006
11 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Sharon Walraven Women's wheelchair doubles 2011 2011 2010 2010 2008 2010
12 Flag of the United States.svg Bob Bryan Men's doubles 2006 2003 2006 2005 2012 2003
Flag of the United States.svg Mike Bryan
14 Flag of the United States.svg Serena Williams Women's singles 2003 2002 2002 1999 2012 2001
15 Flag of Japan.svg Shingo Kunieda Men's wheelchair doubles 2009 2008 2006 2007 2004 2012
16 Flag of France.svg Michaël Jeremiasz Men's wheelchair doubles 2013 2009 2009 2005 2008 2008
17 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Aniek van Koot Women's wheelchair doubles 2010 2013 2012 2013 2016 2012
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Jiske Griffioen Women's wheelchair doubles2006 2008 2012 2006 20162004
19 Flag of France.svg Nicolas Peifer Men's wheelchair doubles 2016 2011 2015 2011 2016 2016

Three major tournament titles in a year

Players who have won three of the four Grand Slam tournaments in the same year. Jack Crawford, Lew Hoad, Martina Navratilova and Serena Williams won the first three events, but lost the last grand slam tournament. [lower-alpha 2] Crawford, an asthmatic, won two of the first three sets of the 1933 U.S. Championships final against Fred Perry, then tired in the heat and lost the last two sets and the match. [32] Until 2016, Wimbledon have never hosted singles tournament for wheelchairs. [33] Notwithstanding year when the US Open did not take place due to date clashes with the Paralympics.

Key
W F SFQF#RRRQ#ANH
(W) Won; (F) finalist; (SF) semifinalist; (QF) quarterfinalist; (#R) rounds 4, 3, 2, 1; (RR) round-robin stage; (Q#) qualification round; (A) absent; (NH) not held. SR=strike rate (events won/competed)
To avoid confusion and double counting, these charts are updated at the conclusion of a tournament or when the player's participation has ended.

Note 1: From 1977 to 1985, the Australian Open was held in December as the last major of the calendar year. Note 2: Until 2016, Wimbledon have never hosted singles tournament for wheelchairs. [35] Note 3: Notwithstanding year when the US Open wheelchair events did not take place due to date clashes with the Paralympics.

Four major tournament finals in a year

Players who have played all the four Grand Slam tournaments in the same year.

Key
W F SFQF#RRRQ#ANH
(W) Won; (F) finalist; (SF) semifinalist; (QF) quarterfinalist; (#R) rounds 4, 3, 2, 1; (RR) round-robin stage; (Q#) qualification round; (A) absent; (NH) not held. SR=strike rate (events won/competed)
To avoid confusion and double counting, these charts are updated at the conclusion of a tournament or when the player's participation has ended.

Triple Crown

Winning singles, doubles and mixed doubles titles at one Grand Slam event is called a Triple Crown. [36] [37] [38] It has become a rare accomplishment in tennis. This is partly because the final match in all three disciplines often takes place concurrently in the same day if not in consecutive days. Doris Hart for example attained her first Triple Crown after playing three Wimbledon final matches held in one single day.

Notes:

Boxed Set

Another Grand Slam-related accomplishment is winning a "boxed set" of Grand Slam titles – which is at least one of every possible type of major championship available to a player: the singles, doubles, and mixed doubles at all four Grand Slam events of the year. This has never been accomplished within a year or consecutively across two calendar years.

Career Boxed Set

The Career Boxed Set refers to winning one of every possible grand slam title (singles, doubles, mixed) over the course of an entire career. No male player has completed this, although Frank Sedgman only missed out on the French Open singles title. Men who participate in top/elite level singles have played comparatively few doubles, and very few mixed doubles. So far, only three women have completed the boxed set during their careers:

Boxed SetsPlayerAge Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
SinglesDoublesMixedSinglesDoublesMixedSinglesDoublesMixedSinglesDoublesMixed
2
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Margaret Court 22 1960 19611963 1962 19641963 1963 1964 1963 1962 19631961
29196119621964196419651964 1965 1969 1965 196519681962
1
Flag of the United States.svg Doris Hart 29 1949 19501949 1950 19481951 1951 1947 1951 1954 19511951
Flag of the United States.svg Martina Navratilova 46 1981 1980 2003 1982 19751974 1978 1976 1985 1983 1977 1985

Court is not only unique in having two boxed sets, but is also unique in the timing of her accomplishments. Her first boxed set was completed before the start of the open era, and she has a boxed set achieved solely within the open era:

PlayerAge Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
SinglesDoublesMixedSinglesDoublesMixedSinglesDoublesMixedSinglesDoublesMixed
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Margaret Court 31 1969 1969