The International Tennis Federation (ITF) designates a World Champion each year based on performances throughout the year, emphasising the Grand Slam tournaments,and also considering team events such as the Davis Cup and Fed Cup. Men's and women's singles champions were first named in 1978; the title is now also awarded for doubles, wheelchair, and junior players. It is sometimes named "ITF player of the year" award, alluding to similar other year-end awards in tennis.
The International Tennis Federation (ITF) is the governing body of world tennis, wheelchair tennis, and beach tennis. It was founded in 1913 as the International Lawn Tennis Federation by twelve national associations, and as of 2016, is affiliated with 211 national tennis associations and six regional associations.
The Grand Slam tournaments, also called majors, are the four most important annual tennis events. They offer the most ranking points, prize money, public and media attention, the greatest strength and size of field, and greater number of "best of" sets for men. The Grand Slam itinerary consists of the Australian Open in mid January, the French Open around late May through early June, Wimbledon in June-July, and the US Open in August-September. Each tournament is played over a two-week period. The Australian and United States tournaments are played on hard courts, the French on clay, and Wimbledon on grass. Wimbledon is the oldest, founded in 1877, followed by the US in 1881, the French in 1891, and the Australian in 1905. However, of these four, only Wimbledon was a major before 1924–25, when all four became designated Grand Slam tournaments. Skipping majors—especially the Australian Open because of the remoteness, the inconvenient dates and the low prize money—was not unusual before 1982.
The Davis Cup is the premier international team event in men's tennis. It is run by the International Tennis Federation (ITF) and is contested annually between teams from competing countries in a knock-out format. It is described by the organisers as the "World Cup of Tennis", and the winners are referred to as the World Champion team. The competition began in 1900 as a challenge between Great Britain and the United States. By 2016, 135 nations entered teams into the competition. The most successful countries over the history of the tournament are the United States and Australia. The present champions are Croatia, who beat France to win their second title in 2018.
The ITF's constitution states that no tennis tournament can be designated the "World Championships" without unanimous consent of the ITF Council.There is currently no such tournament. The constitution also states:
A tournament is a competition involving a relatively large number of competitors, all participating in a sport or game. More specifically, the term may be used in either of two overlapping senses:
It also states:
For singles, ITF appoints a panel of former top players at the start of the season, which votes on the champion at the end of the season.
The boys' and girls' singles and doubles titles prior to 2003 were awarded based on world ranking. Since then singles and doubles rankings have been combined in a single award each for boys and for girls.
The world champion accolade has been extended by the ITF to wheelchair tennis players of the Men's and Women's division since 1991. In November 2017, the ITF announced that the quad wheelchair tennis division is to be recognised in its annual list of ITF World Champions.
The ITF World Champions' Dinner takes place in Paris during the French Open, to honour the previous year's champions,who are presented with a trophy, but not any monetary prize.
The first men's panel in 1978 had three members, Don Budge, Fred Perry, and Lew Hoad,who attended the season's Grand Slam events at ITF expense to inform their choice. The 1983 panel split two to one between John McEnroe (votes of Budge and Perry) and Mats Wilander (vote of Hoad). The 1984 panel had five members, while the 1985 panel had four: Budge, Perry, Hoad, and Tony Trabert. When Ivan Lendl was chosen as champion for 1985, the panel's announcement was accompanied with a rebuke for Lendl's criticism of some tournaments and his refusal to play in the Davis Cup. Perry and Trabert were on the 1986 panel, with performances outside the Grand Slams taken into consideration.
John Donald Budge was an American tennis player. He was a World No. 1 player for five years, first as an amateur and then as a professional. He is most famous as the first player, male or female, and only American male to win in a single year the four tournaments that comprise the Grand Slam of tennis and second male player to win all four Grand Slam events in his career after Fred Perry, and is still the youngest to achieve that feat. He won 10 majors, of which six were Grand Slam events and four Pro Slams, the latter achieved on three different surfaces. Budge was considered to have the best backhand in the history of tennis, at least until the emergence of Ken Rosewall in the 1950s and 1960s, although most observers rated Budge's backhand the stronger of the two.
Frederick John "Fred" Perry was a British tennis and table tennis player from England and former World No. 1 who won 10 Majors including eight Grand Slams and two Pro Slams single titles, as well as six Major doubles titles. Perry won three consecutive Wimbledon Championships from 1934 to 1936 and was World Amateur number one tennis player during those three years. Prior to Andy Murray in 2013, Perry was the last British player to win the men's Wimbledon championship, in 1936, and the last British player to win a men's singles Grand Slam title, until Andy Murray won the 2012 US Open.
Lewis Alan Hoad was an Australian World No. 1 tennis player.
The 1990 designation of Lendl as champion was a surprise.That year, the Association of Tennis Professionals named Stefan Edberg its "Player of The Year", in accordance with the ATP Rankings, while Tennis Magazine (France) ranked Edberg first, Andre Agassi second, and Lendl third. Tennis also suggested the ITF was punishing Edberg for denigrating the Grand Slam Cup tournament it had introduced. The ITF panel, of Perry, Trabert, and Frank Sedgman, called it "the toughest decision any of us can remember having to make", and stated it was Lendl's better average performance in the Grand Slams that made the difference.
The choice to award Djokovic the ITF World Champion of 2013 over Nadal was unexpected. Nadal finished the year ranked #1 and with more slams (2 to 1), more Masters titles (5 to 3), and more tournament titles (10 to 7). Similar to the situation with Edberg in 1990, the ITF cited Nadals failure to win a match at 2 of the 4 slams (DNP the Australian Open, 1st round loss at Wimbledon) to justify their decision and Djokovic’s consistent results across all four Slams (1 title, 2 runner-ups, 1 SF), Davis Cup (lead Serbia to final, won 7/7 singles rubbers) and the ATP World Tour Finals (won title).
Other instances when the ITF choices differed from the ATP rankings are 1978 (Jimmy Connors), 1982 (McEnroe), 1989 (Lendl). None of these however were controversial and were generally agreed upon, with the 1978 and 1982 choices being particularly clear cut in favor of Borg (1978) and Connors (1982).
The women's panel initially featured three former women's champions, Margaret Court, Margaret duPont and Ann Jones.Althea Gibson was a member through the early 1980s.
ITF world champions for women differed from the WTA year-end rankings the following years: 1978 (Martina Navratilova), 1994 (Steffi Graf), 2001 (Lindsay Davenport), 2004 (Lindsay Davenport), 2005 (Lindsay Davenport), 2011 (Caroline Wozniacki), 2012 (Victoria Azarenka), 2017 (Simona Halep).
|1996||Todd Woodbridge & Mark Woodforde|
|1997||Todd Woodbridge (2) & Mark Woodforde (2)|
|1998||Jacco Eltingh & Paul Haarhuis|
|1999||Mahesh Bhupathi & Leander Paes|
|2000||Todd Woodbridge (3) & Mark Woodforde (3)|
|2001||Jonas Björkman & Todd Woodbridge (4)|
|2002||Mark Knowles & Daniel Nestor|
|2003||Bob Bryan & Mike Bryan|
|2004||Bob Bryan (2) & Mike Bryan (2)|
|2005||Bob Bryan (3) & Mike Bryan (3)|
|2006||Bob Bryan (4) & Mike Bryan (4)|
|2007||Bob Bryan (5) & Mike Bryan (5)|
|2008||Daniel Nestor (2) & Nenad Zimonjić|
|2009||Bob Bryan (6) & Mike Bryan (6)|
|2010||Bob Bryan (7) & Mike Bryan (7)|
|2011||Bob Bryan (8) & Mike Bryan (8)|
|2012||Bob Bryan (9) & Mike Bryan (9)|
|2013||Bob Bryan (10) & Mike Bryan (10)|
|2014||Bob Bryan (11) & Mike Bryan (11)|
|2015||Jean-Julien Rojer & Horia Tecău|
|2016||Jamie Murray & Bruno Soares|
|2017||Łukasz Kubot & Marcelo Melo|
|2018||Mike Bryan (12) & Jack Sock|
|1996||Lindsay Davenport & Mary Joe Fernández|
|1997||Lindsay Davenport (2) & Jana Novotná|
|1998||Lindsay Davenport (3) & Natasha Zvereva|
|1999||Martina Hingis & Anna Kournikova|
|2000||Julie Halard-Decugis & Ai Sugiyama|
|2001||Lisa Raymond & Rennae Stubbs|
|2002||Virginia Ruano Pascual & Paola Suárez|
|2003||Virginia Ruano Pascual (2) & Paola Suárez (2)|
|2004||Virginia Ruano Pascual (3) & Paola Suárez (3)|
|2005||Lisa Raymond (2) & Samantha Stosur|
|2006||Lisa Raymond (3) & Samantha Stosur (2)|
|2007||Cara Black & Liezel Huber|
|2008||Cara Black (2) & Liezel Huber (2)|
|2009||Serena Williams & Venus Williams|
|2010||Gisela Dulko & Flavia Pennetta|
|2011||Květa Peschke & Katarina Srebotnik|
|2012||Sara Errani & Roberta Vinci|
|2013||Sara Errani (2) & Roberta Vinci (2)|
|2014||Sara Errani (3) & Roberta Vinci (3)|
|2015||Martina Hingis (2) & Sania Mirza|
|2016||Caroline Garcia & Kristina Mladenovic|
|2017||Martina Hingis (3) & Chan Yung-jan|
|2018||Barbora Krejčíková & Kateřina Siniaková|
|1997||Arnaud Di Pasquale|
|1985||Petr Korda & Cyril Suk|
|1988||David Rikl & Tomáš Anzari|
|1998||José de Armas|
|1999||Julien Benneteau & Nicolas Mahut|
|2000||Lee Childs & James Nelson|
|2001||Bruno Echagaray & Santiago González|
|2002||Florin Mergea & Horia Tecău|
|2006||Thiemo de Bakker|
|2010||Juan Sebastián Gómez|
|1992||Rossana de los Ríos|
|2000||María Emilia Salerni|
|1985||Mariana Perez-Roldan & Patricia Tarabini|
|1992||Nancy Feber & Laurence Courtois|
|1996||Jitka Schönfeldová & Michaela Paštiková|
|1997||Irina Selyutina & Cara Black|
|2000||María Emilia Salerni|
|2014||Catherine "CiCi" Bellis|
|1994||Laurent Giammartini (2)|
|1997||Ricky Molier (2)|
|1998||David Hall (2)|
|2000||David Hall (3)|
|2001||Ricky Molier (3)|
|2002||David Hall (4)|
|2003||David Hall (5)|
|2004||David Hall (6)|
|2008||Shingo Kunieda (2)|
|2009||Shingo Kunieda (3)|
|2010||Shingo Kunieda (4)|
|2013||Shingo Kunieda (5)|
|2014||Shingo Kunieda (6)|
|2015||Shingo Kunieda (7)|
|2018||Shingo Kunieda (8)|
|1992||Monique Van Den Bosch|
|1993||Monique Kalkman (2)|
|1994||Monique Kalkman (3)|
|1995||Monique Kalkman (4)|
|1996||Chantal Vandierendonck (2)|
|1997||Chantal Vandierendonck (3)|
|1998||Daniela Di Toro|
|1999||Daniela Di Toro (2)|
|2001||Esther Vergeer (2)|
|2002||Esther Vergeer (3)|
|2003||Esther Vergeer (4)|
|2004||Esther Vergeer (5)|
|2005||Esther Vergeer (6)|
|2006||Esther Vergeer (7)|
|2007||Esther Vergeer (8)|
|2008||Esther Vergeer (9)|
|2009||Esther Vergeer (10)|
|2010||Esther Vergeer (11)|
|2011||Esther Vergeer (12)|
|2012||Esther Vergeer (13)|
|2013||Aniek van Koot|
|2016||Jiske Griffioen (2)|
|2017||Yui Kamiji (2)|
|2018||Diede de Groot|
Mats Wilander is a former World No. 1 tennis player from Sweden. From 1982 to 1988, he won seven Grand Slam singles titles, and one Grand Slam men's doubles title.
Rodney George Laver, better known as Rod Laver, is an Australian former tennis player. He was the No. 1 ranked professional from 1964 to 1970, spanning four years before and three years after the start of the Open Era in 1968. He also was the No. 1 ranked amateur in 1961–62.
Ivan Lendl is a retired Czech-American professional tennis player. He is often considered among the greatest in the sport's history. He was the world No. 1 for 270 weeks in the 1980s and finished his career with 94 singles titles. At the majors he won eight titles and was runner-up a record 11 times. He also won seven year-end championships.
John Patrick McEnroe Jr. is an American retired tennis player, often considered among the greatest in the history of the sport. He was known for his shot-making artistry and volleying skills, as well as his confrontational on-court behavior that frequently landed him in trouble with umpires and tennis authorities.
Stefan Bengt Edberg is a Swedish former world No. 1 professional tennis player. A major proponent of the serve-and-volley style of tennis, he won six Grand Slam singles titles and three Grand Slam men's doubles titles between 1985 and 1996. He also won the Masters Grand Prix and was a part of the Swedish Davis Cup-winning-team four times. In addition he won four Masters Series titles, four Championship Series titles and the unofficial Olympic tournament 1984, was ranked in the singles top 10 for ten successive years, 9 years in the top 5, and is considered one of the greatest players of his era. Edberg began coaching Roger Federer in January 2014, with this partnership ending in December 2015.
This is a list of all the awards given by the Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) World Tour to players and others of particular distinction during a given season.
Miloslav Mečíř is a former professional tennis player from Slovakia. He won the men's singles gold medal at the 1988 Olympic Games, where he represented Czechoslovakia, and played in two Grand Slam singles finals. In 1987 he won the WCT Finals, the major season-ending championship for the World Championship Tennis tour.
Andres Gomez was the defending champion but did not compete that year.
John McEnroe was the defending champion but lost in the quarterfinals to Kevin Curren. Curren also defeated Jimmy Connors in the semifinal and became the first player ever to defeat both Connors and McEnroe in the same Grand Slam tournament.
Pat Cash was the defending champion but lost in the quarterfinals to Boris Becker.
Boris Becker defeated the defending champion Stefan Edberg in the final, 6–0, 7–6(7–1), 6–4 to win the Gentlemen's Singles tennis title at the 1989 Wimbledon Championships.
Michael Stich was the defending champion but lost in the quarterfinals to Pete Sampras.
Ivan Lendl was the defending champion, and successfully defended his title after Stefan Edberg was forced to retire during the third set of the final because of a torn stomach muscle. The Swede's retirement marked the first time since the 1911 Wimbledon Championships that a male player withdrew during the singles' title match of a Grand Slam tournament.
Two-time defending champion Roger Federer won his third straight US Open title with his defeat of Andy Roddick in 4 sets, 6–2, 4–6, 7–5, 6–1.
The 1985 Nabisco Grand Prix was a professional men's tennis circuit held that year. It consisted of 71 tournaments held in 19 different countries. The tour incorporated the four ITF grand slam tournaments, three World Championship Tennis tournaments and the Grand Prix tournaments. Total prize money for the circuit was $23 million. The circuit was administered by the Men's International Professional Tennis Council (MIPTC). In November 1985 the MIPTC sued player–management agencies ProServ and IMG alleging that these firms were holding the tennis game hostage and were 'exerting extensive power over players'.
This is a list of the main career statistics of professional tennis player Ivan Lendl.
This is a list of the main career statistics and records of professional tennis player Björn Borg.
On' a choisi de sanctionner un champion qui n'avait pas craint d'avouer publiquement le peu d'importance qu'il accordait à la Coupe du Grand Chelem, la fameuse invention de la FIT pour 'casser' l'ATP Tour. (It was decided to punish a champion who was not afraid to admit publicly how little he though of the Grand Slam Cup, the famous ITF invention to 'break' the ATP Tour)Missing or empty