90 Grand Slam events (since 1925)
|Location|| Paris, XVIe |
|Venue|| Stade Roland Garros (since 1928)|
Societé de Sport de Île de Puteaux, at Puteaux (1891–1894); Tennis Club de Paris, at Auteuil (1895–1908); Société Athlétique de la Villa Primrose at Bordeaux (1909); Croix-Catelan de Racing Club de France at the Bois de Boulogne (1910–1924, 1926); Stade Français at Saint-Cloud (1925, 1927)
|Surface||Sand – outdoors (1891–1907) |
Clay – outdoors (1908–present)
|Prize money||€34,367,215 € (2021)|
|Draw||128 Singles players / 128 Qualifiers / 64 Doubles teams|
|Current champions|| Novak Djokovic (singles) |
Nicolas Mahut (doubles)
|Most singles titles||Rafael Nadal (13)|
|Most doubles titles||Roy Emerson (6)|
|Draw||128 Singles players / 96 Qualifiers / 64 Doubles teams|
|Current champions|| Barbora Krejčíková (singles) |
Kateřina Siniaková (doubles)
|Most singles titles||Chris Evert (7)|
|Most doubles titles||Martina Navratilova (7)|
|Current champions|| Desirae Krawczyk |
|Most titles (male)|| Ken Fletcher / |
Jean-Claude Barclay (3)
|Most titles (female)||Margaret Court (4)|
|2021 French Open|
The French Open (French : Internationaux de France de Tennis), known in Europe as Roland Garros (French: [ʁɔlɑ̃ ɡaʁos] ), is a major tennis tournament held over two weeks at the Stade Roland-Garros in Paris, France, beginning in late May each year. The tournament and venue are named after the French aviator Roland Garros. The French Open is the premier clay court tennis championship tournament in the world. It is the second of the four annual Grand Slam tournaments. The other three are the Australian Open, Wimbledon, and the US Open. The French Open is currently the only Grand Slam tournament held on clay. Before 1975, the French Open was the lone non-grass major tournament. Between the seven rounds needed for a championship, the clay surface characteristics (slower pace, higher bounce), and the best-of-five-set men's singles matches, the French Open is generally considered the most physically demanding tennis tournament in the world.
Officially named in French Internationaux de France de Tennis (the "French Internationals of Tennis" in English),the tournament is referred to in English as the "French Open" and alternatively as "Roland Garros", which is the designation used by the tournament itself in all languages. (The stadium and tournament are both hyphenated as Roland-Garros because French spelling rules dictate that in the name of a place or event named after a person, the elements of the name are joined together with a hyphen. )
In 1891 the Championnat de France, which is commonly referred to in English as the French Championships, began. They were only open to tennis players who were members of French clubs. The first winner was H. Briggs, a Briton who resided in Paris and was a member of the Club Stade Français. In the final he defeated P. Baigneres in straight sets.The first women's singles tournament, with four entries, was held in 1897. The mixed doubles event was added in 1902 and the women's doubles in 1907. This "French club members only" tournament was played until 1924, using four different venues during that period:
In the period of 1915–1919, no tournament was organized due to World War I.
In 1925, the French Championships became open to all amateurs internationally and was designated a major championship by the International Lawn Tennis Federation. It was held at the Stade Français in Saint-Cloud (site of the previous World Hard Court Championships) in 1925 and 1927, on clay courts. In 1926 the Croix-Catelan of the Racing Club de France hosted the event in Paris, site of the previous French club members only tournament, also on clay.
Another clay court tournament, called the World Hard Court Championships, is sometimes considered the true precursor to the modern French Open as it admitted international competitors. This was held at Stade Français in Saint-Cloud, from 1912 to 1914, 1920, 1921 and 1923, with the 1922 event held in Brussels, Belgium. Winners of this tournament included world No. 1s such as Tony Wilding from New Zealand (1913, 1914) and Bill Tilden from the US (1921). In 1924 there was no World Hard Court Championships due to tennis being played at the Paris Olympic Games.
After the Mousquetaires or Philadelphia Four (René Lacoste, Jean Borotra, Henri Cochet, and Jacques Brugnon) won the Davis Cup on American soil in 1927, the French decided to defend the cup in 1928 at a new tennis stadium at Porte d'Auteuil. The Stade de France had offered the tennis authorities three hectares of land with the condition that the new stadium must be named after the World War I aviator hero Roland Garros.The new Stade de Roland Garros (whose central court was renamed Court Philippe Chatrier in 1988) hosted that Davis Cup challenge. On May 24, 1928 the French International Championships moved there, and the event has been held there ever since.
During World War II, the tournament was not held in 1940 and from 1941 through 1945 it took place on the same grounds, but those events are not recognized by the French governing body, the Fédération Française de Tennis.In 1946 and 1947, the French Championships were held after Wimbledon, making it the third Grand Slam event of the year. In 1968, the French Championships became the first Grand Slam tournament to go open, allowing both amateurs and professionals to compete.
Since 1981, new prizes have been presented: the Prix Orange (for the player demonstrating the best sportsmanship and cooperative attitude with the press), the Prix Citron (for the player with the strongest character and personality) and the Prix Bourgeon (for the tennis player revelation of the year). In another novelty, since 2006 the tournament has begun on a Sunday, featuring 12 singles matches played on the three main courts. Additionally, on the eve of the tournament's opening, the traditional Benny Berthet exhibition day takes place, where the profits go to different charity associations. In March 2007, it was announced that the event would provide equal prize money for both men and women in all rounds for the first time.In 2010, it was announced that the French Open was considering a move away from Roland Garros as part of a continuing rejuvenation of the tournament. Plans to renovate and expand Roland Garros have put aside any such consideration, and the tournament remains in its long time home.
From 2004 to 2008, plans were developed to build a covered stadium with a roof, as complaints continued over delayed matches.Various proposals were put forward to expand the facility or to move the French Open to a completely new, 55-court venue outside of Paris city limits. In 2011 the decision was taken to maintain the tournament within its existing venue. The expansion project called for a new stadium to be built alongside the historical Auteuil's greenhouses and expansion of old stadiums and the tournament village. A wide-ranging project to overhaul the venue was presented in 2011, including building a roof over Court Philippe-Chatrier, demolishing and replacing Court No. 1 with a grassy hill for outdoors viewing, and geographical extension of the venue eastward into the Jardin des Serres d'Auteuil.
Legal opposition from environmental defence associations and other stakeholders delayed the works for several years as litigation ensued.In particular, the city council voted in May 2015 against the expansion project, but on 9 June 2015 Paris Mayor Anne Hidalgo announced the signing of the construction permits, with work scheduled to begin in September of that year and conclude in 2019. In December 2015, the Administrative Court of Paris once again halted renovation work, but the French Tennis Federation won the right to proceed with the renovation on appeal.
Renovation work finally commenced at the close of the 2018 edition of the tournament. Redeveloped seating and a retractable roof was constructed for Court Philippe-Chatrier and the new 5,000-seat Court Simonne-Mathieu was opened, having been named after France's second-highest achieving female tennis player, and noted for its innovative use of greenhouse encasing architecture.The renewal of the venue has been generally well received by the players and the public. The 2020 edition of the tournament, which was the first to be assisted by the roof over Philippe-Chatrier, was postponed to late September and early October and was played in front of limited spectators, due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Floodlights were also installed over each of the courts in the precinct, allowing the tournament to facilitate night matches for the first time. In 2021, the tournament was back in late May and early June.
Clay courts slow down the ball and produce a high bounce when compared with grass courts or hard courts. For this reason, clay courts take away some of the advantages of big servers and serve-and-volleyers, which makes it hard for these types of players to dominate on the surface. For example, Pete Sampras, known for his huge serve and who won 14 Grand Slam titles, never won the French Open – his best result was reaching the semi-finals in 1996. Many other notable players have won multiple Grand Slam events but have never won the French Open, including John McEnroe, Frank Sedgman, John Newcombe, Venus Williams, Stefan Edberg, Boris Becker, Lleyton Hewitt, Jimmy Connors, Louise Brough, Virginia Wade or Martina Hingis; McEnroe and Edberg lost their sole French Open finals appearances in five sets.
On the other hand, players whose games are more suited to slower surfaces, such as Rafael Nadal, Björn Borg, Ivan Lendl, Mats Wilander, Justine Henin and Chris Evert, have found great success at this tournament. In the Open Era, the only male players who have won both the French Open and Wimbledon, played on faster grass courts, are Rod Laver, Jan Kodeš, Björn Borg, Andre Agassi, Rafael Nadal, Roger Federer and Novak Djokovic. Borg's French Open—Wimbledon double was achieved three times consecutively.
1. Red brick dust.
2. Crushed white limestone.
3. Clinker (coal residue).
4. Crushed gravel.
5. Drain rock.
The trophies have been awarded to the winners since 1953 and are manufactured by Mellerio dits Meller, a famous Parisian jewelry house. They are all made of pure silver with finely etched decorations on their side. Each new singles winner gets his or her name written on the base of the trophy. Winners receive custom-made pure silver replicas of the trophies they have won.They are usually presented by the President of the French Tennis Federation (FFT).
The trophy awarded to the winner of the men's singles is called the Coupe des Mousquetaires (The Musketeers' Cup). It is named in honor of the "Four Musketeers". The trophy weighs 14 kg, is 40 cm high and 19 cm wide. The current designed was created in 1981 by the Mellerio dit Meller. Each winner gets a smaller-size replica and the original remains property of the FFT at all times.
The trophy awarded to the winner of the women's singles is called the Coupe Suzanne-Lenglen (Suzanne-Lenglen Cup) since 1979. The current cup was awarded for the first time in 1986. It is, with a few details, a replica of a cup offered at the time by the city of Nice to Suzanne Lenglen. This trophy, donated by Suzanne Lenglen's family to the Musée National du Sport, was awarded between 1979 and 1985 to every winner until the FFT made a copy. Each winner receives a smaller-size replica and the original remains property of the FFT at all times.
When a player makes it to the indicated round, they receive the points and money listed (provided they don't make it to a further round).
Men and women often receive different point values based on the rules of their respective tours.
|Events||Winner||Finalist||Semifinals||Quarterfinals||Round of 16||Round of 32||Round of 64||Round of 128|
For 2021, the prize money pool was announced to be €34,367,215, a reduction of 10.53% compared to the prize pool for 2020 edition.
|Event||Winner||Finalist||Semifinals||Quarterfinals||Round of 16||Round of 32||Round of 64||Round of 128||Q3||Q2||Q1|
|Men's Singles||Novak Djokovic||Stefanos Tsitsipas||6–7(6–8), 2–6, 6–3, 6–2, 6–4|
|Women's Singles||Barbora Krejčíková||Anastasia Pavlyuchenkova||6–1, 2–6, 6–4|
|Men's Doubles|| Pierre-Hugues Herbert |
| Alexander Bublik |
|4–6, 7–6(7–1), 6–4|
|Women's Doubles|| Barbora Krejčíková |
| Bethanie Mattek-Sands |
|Mixed Doubles|| Desirae Krawczyk |
| Elena Vesnina |
|2–6, 6–4, [10–5]|
|Men since 1891|
|Most singles titles||Open Era||Rafael Nadal||13||2005–2008, 2010–2014, 2017–2020|
|Pre-Open Era||Henri Cochet||4||1926, 1928, 1930, 1932 |
Note: Also won World Hard Court Championships in 1922.
|French Championships*||Max Decugis||8||1903–1904, 1907–1909, 1912–1914|
|Most consecutive singles titles||Open Era||Rafael Nadal||5||2010–2014|
|Pre-Open Era|| Frank Parker |
|French Championships*||Paul Aymé||4||1897–1900|
|Most doubles titles||Open Era|| Daniel Nestor |
|4||2007 with Mark Knowles, 2010 with Nenad Zimonjić, 2011, 2012 with Max Mirnyi.|
2005, 2006 with Jonas Björkman, 2011, 2012 with Daniel Nestor.
|Pre-Open Era||Roy Emerson||6||1960, 1962 with Neale Fraser, 1961 with Rod Laver, 1963 with Manuel Santana, 1964 with Ken Fletcher, 1965 with Fred Stolle.|
|French Championships*||Max Decugis||13||1902–1909, 1911–1914, 1920|
|Most consecutive doubles titles||Open Era||Daniel Nestor||3||2010–2012|
|Pre-Open Era||Roy Emerson||6||1960–1965|
|French Championships*||Maurice Germot||10||1906–1914, 1920|
|Most mixed doubles titles||French Open|| Ken Fletcher |
|3||1963–1965 with Margaret Court.|
1968, 1971, 1973 with Françoise Dürr.
|French Championships*||Max Decugis||7||1904–1906, 1908–1909, 1914 and 1920 with Suzanne Lenglen.|
|Most titles (singles, doubles, mixed)||French Open||Rafael Nadal||13||2005–2008, 2010–2014, 2017–2020 (13 singles)|
|French Championships*||Max Decugis||28||1902–1920 (8 singles, 13 doubles, 7 mixed)|
|Women since 1897|
|Most singles titles||Open Era||Chris Evert||7||1974–1975, 1979–1980, 1983, 1985–1986|
|French Championships*||Suzanne Lenglen||6||1920–1923, 1925–1926 |
Note: Also won World Hard Court Championships in 1914, 1921–1923.
|Most consecutive singles titles||Open Era|| / Monica Seles |
|French Championships*|| Jeanne Matthey |
|Most doubles titles||Open Era||/ Martina Navratilova||7||1975 with Chris Evert, 1982 with Anne Smith, 1984–1985, 1987, 1988 with Pam Shriver, 1986 with Andrea Temesvári.|
|French Championships*||Simonne Mathieu||6||1933, 1934 with Elizabeth Ryan, 1936–1937, 1938 with Billie Yorke, 1939 with Jadwiga Jędrzejowska.|
|Most consecutive doubles titles||Open Era|| / Martina Navratilova |
|5||1984–1985, 1987-1988 with Pam Shriver, 1986 with Andrea Temesvári.|
1991 with Jana Novotná, 1992–95 with Natasha Zvereva.
|French Championships*||Françoise Dürr||5||1967–1971|
|Most mixed doubles titles||Open Era||Françoise Dürr||3||1968, 1971, 1973 with Jean-Claude Barclay.|
|French Championships*||Suzanne Lenglen||7||1914, 1920 with Max Decugis, 1921–1923, 1925, 1926 with Jacques Brugnon.|
|Most titles (singles, doubles, mixed)||Open Era||/ Martina Navratilova||11||1974–1988 (2 singles, 7 doubles, 2 mixed)|
|French Championships*||Suzanne Lenglen||15||1919–1926 (6 singles, 2 doubles, 7 mixed)|
|Unseeded champions||Men:|| Marcel Bernard |
|Women:|| Margaret Scriven |
|Youngest champion||Men:||Michael Chang||17 years and 3 months (1989)|
|Women:||/ Monica Seles||16 years and 6 months (1990)|
|Oldest champion||Men:||Andrés Gimeno||34 years and 10 months (1972)|
|Women:||Zsuzsa Körmöczy||33 years and 10 months (1958)|
Broadcast rights to the French Open (as of 2018) are as follows
France Télévisions and Eurosport hold the broadcast rights to the French Open until 2021.
ITV Sport and Eurosport holds broadcasting rights to show the French Open tennis tournaments until 2021.The bulk of the daily coverage is broadcast on ITV4 although both singles finals plus other weekend matches are shown on ITV. John Inverdale hosts the coverage. Commentators include Nick Mullins, Jonathan Overend, Mark Petchey, Sam Smith, Jim Courier, Fabrice Santoro and Anne Keothavong.
Studio presentation for the French Open on Eurosport is hosted by Barbara Schett sometimes joined by Mats Wilander. Commentators include Simon Reed, Chris Bradnam, Nick Lester, Jason Goodall, Jo Durie, Frew McMillan, Arvind Parmar and Chris Wilkinson.
NBC's coverage of the French Open began in 1975.Tennis Channel owns pay television rights to the tournament. Coverage of morning window (U.S. time) matches were sub-licensed to ESPN for broadcast by ESPN2 from 2007 through 2015. In August 2015, ESPN announced that it would discontinue its sub-licensing and drop coverage of the French Open beginning in 2016, with network staff citing that because of the structure of the arrangement, its coverage "did not fit our successful model at the other three Majors"—where ESPN is the exclusive rightsholder. Tennis Channel chose to retain these rights under its new owner Sinclair Broadcast Group, nearly doubling the amount of coverage Tennis Channel will air from Roland Garros.
Other than a three-year stint on CBS, NBC has remained the American television network home of the French Open since 1983. Since acquiring rights to the Indianapolis 500 in 2019, NBC's coverage begins on Memorial Day, the second day of the tournament; the network provides coverage windows on the holiday and the second weekend in the afternoon U.S. time. These windows consist of exclusive tape-delayed matches from earlier in the day, but any ongoing matches at the window's start are shown live to their conclusion. The later men's and women's semifinals are broadcast live on NBC in the Eastern Time Zone and tape-delayed in others, but since 2017 these matches are also simulcast on NBCSN to allow nationwide live coverage. Finals are live nationwide.
Europe – Eurosport and the Eurosport Player (co-broadcaster in various countries).
Americas – ESPN (except Brazil & Canada)
At the 2020 French Open, there were 230 "ramasseurs de balles" which in English translates literally as "gatherers of balls". They are aged between 12 and 16 years old, and dress in matching shirts and shorts. The 230 ball boys and ball girls are chosen to take part in the French Open by an application and selection process, which in 2020 had approximately 4,000 applicants from across France.Upon selection the ball boys and ball girls participate in preparatory training in the weeks leading up to the French Open to ensure that they are prepared for the day they set foot on the tennis court in front of a global audience.
Suzanne Rachel Flore Lenglen was a French tennis player. She was ranked as the inaugural world No. 1 from 1921 to 1926, winning 8 Grand Slam singles titles and 21 in total, as well as 10 World Championship titles. She won six Wimbledon singles titles, including five in a row from 1919 to 1923, and also won triple crowns at the first two open French Championships in 1925 and 1926. In doubles, she was undefeated with her regular partner Elizabeth Ryan, highlighted by another six titles at Wimbledon. Because of her immense popularity and prominent social acquaintances, Lenglen is recognised as the first female athlete to become a global sport celebrity. She was also the first leading amateur to turn professional, and was ranked as the greatest women's tennis player from the amateur era in the 100 Greatest of All Time series.
Simonne Mathieu was a female tennis player from France, born in Neuilly-sur-Seine, Hauts-de-Seine who was active in the 1930s. Her first name is spelled "Simone" in many sources.
Stade Roland Garros is a complex of tennis courts located in Paris that hosts the French Open, a tournament also known as Roland Garros. It is a Grand Slam championship tournament played annually around the end of May and the beginning of June. It is named after Roland Garros, a pioneering French aviator. The facility was constructed in 1928 to host France's first defence of the Davis Cup.
The 1925 French Championships was a tennis tournament that took place on the outdoor clay courts at the Stade Français in Saint-Cloud, France. The tournament ran from 28 May until 6 June. It was the 30th staging of the French Championships but it was the first time it was staged as a Grand Slam event. It was the second Grand Slam tournament of the year. It was the first time the tournament was open to players who were neither French citizens nor residents of France.
The 1926 French Championships was a tennis tournament that took place on outdoor Clay courts at the Croix-Catelan of the Racing Club de France in Paris, France. The tournament ran from 2 June until 14 June. It was the 31st staging of the French Championships and the second Grand Slam tournament of the year.
The 1937 French Championships was a tennis tournament that took place on the outdoor clay courts at the Stade Roland-Garros in Paris, France. The tournament ran from 18 May until 30 May. It was the 42nd staging of the French Championships and the second Grand Slam tournament of the year.
The 1952 French Championships was a tennis tournament that took place on the outdoor clay courts at the Stade Roland-Garros in Paris, France. The tournament ran from 20 May until 2 June. It was the 56th staging of the French Championships, and the second Grand Slam tennis event of 1952. Jaroslav Drobný and Doris Hart won the singles titles.
The 1956 French Championships was a tennis tournament that took place on the outdoor clay courts at the Stade Roland-Garros in Paris, France. The tournament ran from 15 May until 26 May. It was the 60th staging of the French Championships, and the second Grand Slam tennis event of 1956. Lew Hoad and Althea Gibson won the singles titles.
In 1930 the "Association Française des Professeurs de Tennis (AFPT)" held its first pro tournament, titled "Championnat International de France Professionnel" June 18–22, 1930, and is considered as a part of the professional grand slam from 1927 to 1967 till the advent of Open Era. The tournament only had a men's draw.
The 2012 French Open was a tennis tournament played on outdoor clay courts. It was the 116th edition of the French Open, and took place at the Stade Roland Garros from 27 May until 11 June 2012.
The 2013 French Open was a tennis tournament played on outdoor clay courts. It was the 117th edition of the French Open and the second Grand Slam event of the year. It took place at the Stade Roland Garros from 26 May to 9 June. It consisted of events for professional players in singles, doubles and mixed doubles play. Junior and wheelchair players also took part in singles and doubles events.
The 2014 French Open was a tennis tournament played on outdoor clay courts. It was the 118th edition of the French Open and the second Grand Slam event of the year. It took place at the Stade Roland Garros from 25 May to 8 June. It consisted of events for professional players in singles, doubles and mixed doubles play. Junior and wheelchair players also took part in singles and doubles events.
The 2015 French Open was a tennis tournament played on outdoor clay courts. It was the 119th edition of the French Open and the second Grand Slam event of the year. It took place at the Stade Roland Garros from 24 May to 7 June and consisted of events for professional players in singles, doubles and mixed doubles play. Junior and wheelchair players also took part in singles and doubles events.
The 2016 French Open was a tennis tournament played on outdoor clay courts. It was the 120th edition of the French Open and the second Grand Slam event of the year. It took place at the Stade Roland Garros from 22 May to 5 June and consisted of events for professional players in singles, doubles and mixed doubles play. Junior and wheelchair players also took part in singles and doubles events.
The 2017 French Open was a tennis tournament played on outdoor clay courts. It was the 121st edition of the French Open and the second Grand Slam event of the year. It took place at the Stade Roland Garros from 28 May to 11 June and consisted of events for players in singles, doubles and mixed doubles play. Junior and wheelchair players also took part in singles and doubles events.
The 2018 French Open was a Grand Slam tennis tournament played on outdoor clay courts. It took place at the Stade Roland Garros in Paris, France, from 27 May to 10 June and consisted of events for players in singles, doubles and mixed doubles play. Junior and wheelchair players also took part in singles and doubles events. Rafael Nadal (Spain) was the defending champion in the Men's Singles and won his 11th French Open title. Simona Halep (Romania) won her first Grand Slam title in Women's Singles.
The 2019 French Open was a Grand Slam tennis tournament played on outdoor clay courts. It was held at the Stade Roland Garros in Paris, France, from 26 May to 9 June, comprising singles, doubles and mixed doubles play. Junior and wheelchair tournaments are also scheduled. Rafael Nadal was the defending champion in men's singles and won a record 12th French Open singles title. Simona Halep was the defending champion in the women's singles, but lost in the quarterfinals.
The 2020 French Open was a Grand Slam tennis tournament played on outdoor clay courts. It was held at the Stade Roland Garros in Paris, France. Originally scheduled for 24 May to 7 June, owing to the COVID-19 pandemic, it was first moved to 20 September to 4 October, then later moved back a week further to 27 September to 11 October. Qualifying matches, comprising singles and doubles play, began 21 September. Junior and wheelchair tournaments were also scheduled. Rafael Nadal was the twelve-time and defending champion in men's singles; Ashleigh Barty was the defending champion in women's singles but chose not to defend her title following concerns over the pandemic.
That survey asked 108 top players to rank the four Slams in order of prestige. The ranking went as follows: 1. Wimbledon 2. French Open 3. U.S. Open 4. Australian Open
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