Thelma Coyne Long

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Thelma Coyne Long
Thelma Coyne 1932.jpg
Long in 1932
Full nameThelma Dorothy Coyne Long
Country (sports)Flag of Australia (converted).svg Australia
Born(1918-10-14)14 October 1918
Sydney, Australia
Died13 April 2015(2015-04-13) (aged 96)
Sydney, Australia
PlaysRight-handed
Int. Tennis HoF 2013 (member page)
Singles
Highest rankingNo. 7 (1952, Lance Tingay ) [1]
Grand Slam Singles results
Australian Open W (1952, 1954)
French Open QF (1951)
Wimbledon QF (1952)
US Open QF (1952)
Doubles
Grand Slam Doubles results
Australian Open W (1936, 1937, 1938, 1939, 1940, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1951, 1952, 1956, 1958)
French Open F (1958)
Wimbledon F (1957)
US Open SF (1958)
Mixed doubles
Grand Slam Mixed Doubles results
Australian Open W (1951, 1952, 1954, 1955)
French Open W (1956)
Wimbledon F (1952)
US Open F (1938, 1952)

Thelma Dorothy Coyne Long (néeCoyne; 14 October 1918 – 13 April 2015) was an Australian tennis player and one of the female players who dominated Australian tennis from the mid-1930s to the 1950s. During her career she won 19 Grand Slam tournament titles. In 2013 Long was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame. [2]

Tennis ball sport with racket and net

Tennis is a racket sport that can be played individually against a single opponent (singles) or between two teams of two players each (doubles). Each player uses a tennis racket that is strung with cord to strike a hollow rubber ball covered with felt over or around a net and into the opponent's court. The object of the game is to maneuver the ball in such a way that the opponent is not able to play a valid return. The player who is unable to return the ball will not gain a point, while the opposite player will.

Grand Slam (tennis) the four most important tennis tournaments

The Grand Slam tournaments, also called majors, are the four most important annual tennis events. They offer the most ranking points, prize money, public and media attention, the greatest strength and size of field, and greater number of "best of" sets for men. The Grand Slam itinerary consists of the Australian Open in mid January, the French Open around late May through early June, Wimbledon in June-July, and the US Open in August-September. Each tournament is played over a period of a fortnight. The Australian and United States tournaments are played on hard courts, the French on clay, and Wimbledon on grass. Wimbledon is the oldest, founded in 1877, followed by the US in 1881, the French in 1891, and the Australian in 1905. However, of these four, only Wimbledon was a major before 1924–25, when all four became designated Grand Slam tournaments. Skipping majors—especially the Australian Open because of the remoteness, the inconvenient dates and the low prize money—was not unusual before 1982.

Contents

Tennis career

Thelma Coyne packing for her overseas tour in 1938 as a member of the Australian Women's Tennis Team. Thelma Coyne 1938.jpg
Thelma Coyne packing for her overseas tour in 1938 as a member of the Australian Women's Tennis Team.

At the Australian Championships, Long won singles titles in 1952 and 1954 and was a singles finalist in 1940, 1951, 1955 and 1956. [3] In women's doubles, she won ten titles with Nancye Wynne Bolton (1936, 1937, 1938, 1939, 1940, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1951 and 1952) and two titles with Mary Bevis Hawton (1956 and 1958). Long was a women's doubles finalist with Bolton in 1946 and 1950. She won mixed doubles titles in 1951, 1952 and 1955 with George Worthington and in 1954 with Rex Hartwig. She was a mixed doubles finalist in 1948 with Bill Sidwell.

Australian Open Australian Open Tennis Championships

The Australian Open is a tennis tournament held annually over the last fortnight of January in Melbourne, Australia. The tournament is the first of the four Grand Slam tennis events held each year, preceding the French Open, Wimbledon, and the US Open. It features men's and women's singles; men's, women's, and mixed doubles; junior's championships; and wheelchair, legends, and exhibition events. Prior to 1988 it was played on grass courts, but since then two types of hardcourt surfaces have been used at Melbourne Park – green coloured Rebound Ace up to 2007 and, afterwards, blue Plexicushion.

Nancye Wynne Bolton Australian tennis player

Nancye Wynne Bolton was a tennis player from Australia. She won the women's singles title six times at the Australian Championships, third only to Margaret Court's and Serena Williams' 11 and 7 titles respectively. Bolton won 20 titles at the Australian Championships, second only to Court's 23 titles.

George Allan Worthington was an Australian male tennis player who was active in the 1940s and 1950s.

At Wimbledon, Long was a women's doubles finalist in 1957 with Hawton and a mixed doubles finalist in 1952 with Enrique Morea. At the age of 52, Long teamed with Lorraine Coghlan to lose in the first round of women's doubles at Wimbledon in 1971.

The Championships, Wimbledon, commonly known simply as Wimbledon, is the oldest tennis tournament in the world, and is widely regarded as the most prestigious. It has been held at the All England Club in Wimbledon, London, since 1877 and is played on outdoor grass courts.

Enrique Morea Argentine tennis player

Enrique Jorge Morea was an Argentine tennis player. He was born in Buenos Aires.

Lorraine Coghlan Robinson is a former tennis player from the state of Victoria in Australia. In 1956, she won the Australian Championships Girls' Singles title. Coghlan teamed with Bob Howe to win the mixed doubles title at Wimbledon in 1958. Coghlan and Howe were also the runners-up in mixed doubles at the 1958 French Championships.

At the French Championships, Long was a women's doubles finalist in 1958 with Hawton, won the mixed doubles title in 1956 with Luis Ayala, and was a mixed doubles finalist in 1951 with Mervyn Rose.

French Open French Open Tennis Championships

The French Open, also called Roland-Garros, is a major tennis tournament held over two weeks between late May and early June at the Stade Roland-Garros in Paris, France. The venue is named after the French aviator Roland Garros. It is the premier clay court tennis championship event in the world and the second of four annual Grand Slam tournaments, the other three being the Australian Open, Wimbledon and the US Open. The French Open is currently the only Grand Slam event held on clay, and it is the zenith of the spring clay court season. Because of the seven rounds needed for a championship, the slow-playing surface and the best-of-five-set men's singles matches, the event is widely considered to be the most physically demanding tennis tournament in the world.

Luis Ayala (tennis) Chilean tennis player

Luis Alberto Ayala Salinas is a Chilean former tennis player who competed in the 1950s and 1960s. He was twice a singles runner-up at the French Championships. In 1958 he was seeded fifth and reached the final after a victory against first-seeded and world No. 1 Ashley Cooper in the semifinal. In the final, however, he was defeated in straight sets by Mervyn Rose while in 1960 he lost the final in fives sets to Nicola Pietrangeli. Together with Thelma Coyne Long he won the mixed doubles title at the 1956 French Championships. He won the prestigious singles title at the Italian Open in 1959, defeating Neale Fraser in the final in four sets. The following year,1960, he again reached the final but lost in five sets to Barry MacKay.

Mervyn Rose Australian tennis player

Mervyn Gordon Rose AM was an Australian male tennis player who won 7 Grand Slam titles.

At the 1953 tournament in Cincinnati, Long won the singles title (defeating Anita Kanter 7–5, 6–2 in the final) and the women's doubles title with Kanter.

Cincinnati Masters tennis tournament

The Cincinnati Masters is an annual outdoor hardcourt tennis event held in Mason near Cincinnati, Ohio, USA. The event started on September 18, 1899 and is the oldest tennis tournament in the United States played in its original city.

Anita Kanter is a former amateur tennis player from the U.S. who played in the 1950s.

According to Lance Tingay of The Daily Telegraph and the Daily Mail , Long was ranked in the world top ten in 1952 and 1954 (no rankings issued from 1940 to 1945), reaching a career high of World No. 7 in those rankings in 1952. [1]

<i>The Daily Telegraph</i> British daily broadsheet newspaper

The Daily Telegraph, commonly referred to simply as The Telegraph, is a national British daily broadsheet newspaper published in London by Telegraph Media Group and distributed across the United Kingdom and internationally. It was founded by Arthur B. Sleigh in 1855 as Daily Telegraph & Courier.

<i>Daily Mail</i> British daily middle-market tabloid newspaper published in London

The Daily Mail is a British daily middle-market newspaper published in London in a tabloid format. Founded in 1896, it is the United Kingdom's second-biggest-selling daily newspaper after The Sun. Its sister paper The Mail on Sunday was launched in 1982, while Scottish and Irish editions of the daily paper were launched in 1947 and 2006 respectively. Content from the paper appears on the MailOnline website, although the website is managed separately and has its own editor.

Long became a teaching professional in 1960 and spent many years coaching promising New South Wales junior players. In 1985, her achievements were recognized by Tennis NSW when she was awarded Life Membership of the State Association.

Honours and awards

On 30 August 2000, Long was awarded the Australian Sports Medal. She was inducted into the Australian Tennis Hall of Fame in a ceremony at Melbourne Park during the Australian Open on Australia Day in 2002. In 2013, Thelma was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame symbolizing recognition of her extraordinary career. [4]

Personal life

She was born in Sydney, Australia on 14 October 1918, the only child of Tom and Dorrie Coyne and was schooled at the Sydney Girls High School. [5]

On 30 January 1941, she married Maurice Newton Long of Melbourne. [6] The marriage did not continue after the end of the Second World War.

In May 1941, during the Second World War, Long joined the Red Cross as a transport driver and worked in Melbourne. On 19 February 1942, she joined the Australian Women's Army Service (AWAS) and rose to the rank of captain in April 1944. [7] For her service in the AWAS, she was awarded the War Medal 1939–1945 and Australia Service Medal 1939–1945.

Long worked as a volunteer at the State Library of New South Wales, and she received the Volunteer Service Award in 1999, The Year of the Volunteer.

Coyne died on 13 April 2015 at the age of 96. [8] [5]

Grand Slam tournament finals

Singles: 6 (2 titles, 4 runners-up)

OutcomeYearChampionshipOpponentScore
Runner-up1940 Australian Championships Flag of Australia (converted).svg Nancye Wynne Bolton 7–5, 4–6, 0–6
Runner-up1951 Australian Championships Flag of Australia (converted).svg Nancye Wynne Bolton 1–6, 5–7
Winner1952 Australian Championships Flag of Australia (converted).svg Helen Angwin 6–2, 6–3
Winner1954 Australian Championships Flag of Australia (converted).svg Jenny Staley Hoad 6–3, 6–4
Runner-up1955 Australian Championships Flag of Australia (converted).svg Beryl Penrose 4–6, 3–6
Runner-up1956 Australian Championships Flag of Australia (converted).svg Mary Carter 6–3, 2–6, 7–9

Grand Slam singles tournament timeline

Thelma Coyne (l) and Nancye Wynne Bolton (r) in Adelaide (1938) Thelma Coyne and Nancye Wynne 1938.jpg
Thelma Coyne (l) and Nancye Wynne Bolton (r) in Adelaide (1938)
Key
W F SFQF#RRRQ#ANH
(W) Won; (F) finalist; (SF) semifinalist; (QF) quarterfinalist; (#R) rounds 4, 3, 2, 1; (RR) round-robin stage; (Q#) qualification round; (A) absent; (NH) not held. SR=strike rate (events won/competed)
Tournament193619371938193919401941 – 194419451946119471194819491950195119521953195419551956195719581959Career SR
Australian Championships SF SF QF SF F NHNH QF SF 2R SF QF F W A W F F A 2R 1R 2 / 17
French Championships AA 2R ANHRAAAAAA QF AAAA 3R A 4R A0 / 4
Wimbledon AA 3R ANHNHNHAAA 4R 3R 1R QF AAA 1R 1R 4R A0 / 8
U.S. Championships AA 3R AAAAAAAAAA QF 3R AAAA 2R A0 / 4
SR0 / 10 / 10 / 40 / 10 / 10 / 00 / 00 / 10 / 10 / 10 / 20 / 20 / 31 / 30 / 11 / 10 / 10 / 30 / 10 / 40 / 12 / 33

R = tournament restricted to French nationals and held under German occupation.

SR = the ratio of the number of Grand Slam singles tournaments won to the number of those tournaments played.

1In 1946 and 1947, the French Championships were held after Wimbledon.

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 Collins, Bud (2008). The Bud Collins History of Tennis: An Authoritative Encyclopedia and Record Book. New York: New Chapter Press. pp. 695, 702. ISBN   0-942257-41-3.
  2. "Thelma Coyne Long inducted into International Tennis Hall of Fame". ITF Tennis. 26 January 2013.
  3. "Thelma Long, 17 Tries, now Champ". Sunday Mail . Brisbane. 27 January 1952. p. 13 via National Library of Australia.
  4. "Hall of Famers – Thelma Coyne Long". International Tennis Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015.
  5. 1 2 "Tennis great Thelma Coyne Long's lengthy career included 19 Grand Slams". Sydney Morning Herald . 13 May 2015.
  6. "Miss Thelma Coyne Married". Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate . 31 January 1941. p. 5 via National Library of Australia.
  7. "Australian Tennis Star Is Now A.W.A.S. Lieut". The Courier-Mail . Brisbane. 12 September 1942. p. 3 via National Library of Australia.
  8. "Thelma Long". smh.com.au. 15 April 2015. Retrieved 15 April 2015.