The Courier-Mail

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The Courier-Mail
Courier-Mail front page 2008-07-25.jpg
Front page of The Courier-Mail, 25 July 2008, with the aftermath of the Liberal National Party merger headlining.
TypeDaily newspaper
Format Tabloid
Owner(s) News Corp Australia
Publisher Queensland Newspapers
EditorMr Sam Weir [1]
Founded1846
LanguageEnglish
Headquarters Brisbane, Australia
41 Campbell St
Bowen Hills QLD 4006
Circulation 172,801 Monday–Friday
228,650 Saturday
ISSN 1322-5235
Website www.couriermail.com.au

The Courier-Mail is a daily tabloid newspaper published in Brisbane, Australia. Owned by News Corp Australia, it is published daily from Monday to Saturday in tabloid format. Its editorial offices are located at Bowen Hills, in Brisbane's inner northern suburbs, and it is printed at Murarrie, in Brisbane's eastern suburbs. It is available for purchase throughout Queensland, most regions of Northern New South Wales and parts of the Northern Territory.

Brisbane capital city of Queensland, Australia

Brisbane is the capital of and the most populated city in the Australian state of Queensland, and the third most populous city in Australia. Brisbane's metropolitan area has a population of 2.5 million, and the South East Queensland region, centred on Brisbane, encompasses a population of more than 3.5 million. The Brisbane central business district stands on the historic European settlement and is situated inside a peninsula of the Brisbane River, about 15 kilometres from its mouth at Moreton Bay. The metropolitan area extends in all directions along the floodplain of the Brisbane River Valley between Moreton Bay and the Great Dividing Range, sprawling across several of Australia's most populous local government areas (LGAs)—most centrally the City of Brisbane, which is by far the most populous LGA in the nation. The demonym of Brisbane is "Brisbanite".

News Corp Australia is one of Australia's largest media companies, employing more than 8,000 staff nationwide and approximately 3,000 journalists. The publicly listed company's interests span newspaper and magazine publishing, Internet, subscription television, market research, DVD and film distribution, and film and television production trading assets.

Tabloid (newspaper format) type of newspaper format

A tabloid is a newspaper with a compact page size smaller than broadsheet. There is no standard size for this newspaper format.

Contents

History

The history of The Courier-Mail is through four mastheads. The Moreton Bay Courier later became The Courier , then the Brisbane Courier and since 1933 The Courier-Mail.

The Moreton Bay Courier was established as a weekly paper in June 1846. Issue frequency increased steadily to bi-weekly in January 1858, tri-weekly in December 1859, then daily under the editorship of Theophilus Parsons Pugh from 14 May 1861. The recognised founder and first editor was Arthur Sidney Lyon (1817–1861) who was assisted by its printer, James Swan (1811–1891), the later mayor of Brisbane and member of Queensland Legislative Council. Lyon, also referred to as the "father of the Press" in the colony of Queensland, had previously served as a writer and journalist in Melbourne, and later moved on to found and edit journals such as Moreton Bay Free Press, North Australian and Darling Downs Gazette . [2] Lyon was encouraged to emigrate by Rev. Dr. John Dunmore Lang and arrived in Brisbane from Sydney in early 1846 to establish a newspaper. He persuaded James Swan, a printer of Lang's Sydney newspaper The Colonialist to join him. Lyon and Swan established themselves on the corner of Queen Street and Albert Street, Brisbane, in a garret of a building later known as the North Star Hotel. The first issue of the Moreton Bay Courier, consisting of 4 pages, appeared weekly on Saturday 20 June 1846, with Lyon as editor and Swan as publisher.

Theophilus Parsons Pugh Australian politician

Theophilus Parsons Pugh (1831–1896) was an Australian journalist, newspaper editor, politician, publisher and public servant, as well as the editor-in-chief of the Moreton Bay Courier, which he in 1861 renamed to The Courier, renamed again in 1864 to the Brisbane Courier.

Arthur Sidney Lyon (1817–1861), was a journalist and newspaper proprietor in Queensland, Australia. He was known as "the father of the press in colonial Queensland". He was the founder of the Moreton Bay Courier and the Darling Downs Gazette.

James Swan (mayor of Brisbane) Australian politician

James Swan (1811–1891) was an alderman and mayor of the Brisbane Municipal Council and a Member of the Queensland Legislative Council.

After some 18 months, Lyon and Swan disagreed on many aspects of editorial policy, including transportation of convicts and squatting. Lyon took over sole control in late 1847, but had money problems, and gave sole control to Swan. Swan sold out to Thomas Blacket Stephens in about November 1859. [3] [4] [5] The Moreton Bay Courier became The Courier, and then the Brisbane Courier in 1864. In June–July 1868, Stephens floated a new company, and transferred the plant and copyright of the Brisbane Courier to "The Brisbane Newspaper Company". [6] He was the managing director until retired in November 1873, when the paper was auctioned. [7] [8]

Squatting illegal occupation of an abandoned or unoccupied area of land or a building

Squatting is the action of occupying an abandoned or unoccupied area of land or a building, usually residential, that the squatter does not own, rent or otherwise have lawful permission to use.

Thomas Blacket Stephens Alderman and mayor of Brisbane, Australia.

Thomas Blacket Stephens was a wealthy Brisbane businessman and newspaper proprietor who also served as an alderman and mayor of Brisbane Municipal Council, a Member of the Legislative Assembly of Queensland and a Member of the Queensland Legislative Council.

The Journal was, from November 1873 to December 1880, managed by one of the new part owners, the Tasmanian-born former public servant Gresley Lukin (1840–1916). Although called 'managing editor', actual writing and editing was by William Augustine O'Carroll (1831–1885). Most prominent of the various editors and sub-editors of the Queenslander 'literary staff' were William Henry Traill (1842–1902), later NSW politician and editor of the famed Sydney journal 'The Bulletin', and Carl Adolph Feilberg (1844–1887), who was Danish born but from the age of six educated in England and later in France. Carl Feilberg followed William Henry Trail in the role of political commentator and the de facto editor of the Queenslander to January 1881. He succeeded William O'Carroll as Courier editor-in-chief from September 1883 to his death in October 1887. Lukin's roles as part owner-editor changed on 21 December 1880. Charles Hardie Buzacott (1835–1918), former 'Postmaster General' in the first McIlwraith government, had been a staff journalist. John James Knight (1863–1927) was editor-in-chief of the Brisbane Courier 1906–16, later managing director, then chairman of all the company's publications. [9]

Gresley Lukin Australian businessman

Gresley Lukin (1840–1916) was an Australian public servant, newspaper owner, company manager and newspaper editor, most prominently the part-proprietor of the Brisbane Newspaper Company from November 1873 to December 1880, then and still the leading journal in Queensland under the name The Courier-Mail.

William Augustine O'Carroll (1831–1885) was an Irish nationalist, radical liberal, journalist and Queensland newspaper editor.

William Henry Traill was an Australian journalist and politician. He was an early editor and for a period the principal proprietor of The Bulletin in Sydney.

The first edition of The Courier-Mail was published on 28 August 1933, after Keith Murdoch's Herald and Weekly Times acquired and merged the Brisbane Courier and the Daily Mail (first published on 3 October 1903). In 1987, Rupert Murdoch's News Limited acquired newspaper control, and outstanding shares of Queensland Newspapers Pty Ltd. [10]

Keith Murdoch Australian journalist

Sir Keith Arthur Murdoch was an Australian journalist and the father of Rupert Murdoch, the current CEO and Chairman of News Corp.

The Herald and Weekly Times Australian newspaper publisher

The Herald and Weekly Times Limited (HWT) is a newspaper publishing company based in Melbourne, Australia. It is owned and operated by Rupert Murdoch's News Corp Australia, which purchased HWT in 1987.

The Daily Mail was a newspaper published in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia from 1903 to 1933.

The Courier-Mail was inducted into the Queensland Business Leaders Hall of Fame in 2015. [11] [12]

Political position

The Courier-Mail is a right leaning newspaper with four editorial endorsements for the coalition to one for Labor in the period 1996–2007. [13] The Courier-Mail generally supports free market economic policies and the process of globalisation. It supported the 2003 invasion of Iraq.[ citation needed ]

Circulation and readership

The Courier-Mail has the fourth-highest circulation of any daily newspaper in Australia. Its average Monday-Friday net paid print sales were 172,801 between January and March 2013, having fallen 8.0 per cent compared to the previous year. Its average Saturday net paid print sales were 228,650 between January and March 2013, down 10.5 per cent compared to the previous year. [14]

The paper's Monday-Friday readership was 488,000 in March 2013, having fallen 11.6 per cent compared to the previous year. Its Saturday readership was 616,000 in March 2013, down 13.8 per cent compared to the previous year. [14] Around three-quarters of the paper's readership is located in the Brisbane metropolitan area. [15]

Although often claimed to be Brisbane's only daily newspaper since the demise of Queensland Newspapers' own afternoon newspaper The Telegraph in 1988, it arguably has had two competitors since 2007. News Corp itself published mX , a free afternoon newspaper, since 2007, but mX had a relatively low news content, and was discontinued in mid 2015. [16] Fairfax Media has published the online Brisbane Times since 2007.

According to third-party web analytics providers Alexa and SimilarWeb, Courier-Mail's website is the 141st and 273rd most visited in Australia respectively, as of August 2015. [17] [18] SimilarWeb rates the site as the 25th most visited news website in Australia, attracting almost 2.6 million visitors per month. [18] [19]

Editors

Journalists

Prominent journalists and columnists include Terry Sweetman and Mike O'Connor. Its current Editor is Lachlan Heywood. Its editorial cartoonist is Sean Leahy. Its National Political Correspondent is Steven Scott. For thirty years, the paper's senior rugby league football journalist was former Australian vice-captain Jack Reardon. Sports Editor at The Courier Mail, Tom Linneth became the youngest editor in Australia in 1960 at the age of 29. He worked at the Courier Mail between about 1948 to 1974 and again worked there as the sports editor between about 1982 until he retired in 1996.

Change to tabloid

Front page of The Courier-Mail, 12 December 2005, prior to its conversion to a tabloid format. The headline refers to the 2005 Cronulla riots. Courier-Mail front page 12-12-2005.jpg
Front page of The Courier-Mail, 12 December 2005, prior to its conversion to a tabloid format. The headline refers to the 2005 Cronulla riots.

From its inception until March 2006 The Courier-Mail was a broadsheet newspaper. On 14 December 2005 it was announced that the paper would change to a tabloid sometime in early 2006, however the term "tabloid" was not used in favour of the term "compact". [21] This linguistic choice was probably related to widespread public view that many tabloids, including those published by News Limited, were low quality publications (see tabloid for discussion of this size and quality issue). Much emphasis was made that it was merely the paper size that was changing and not the journalistic quality. The last broadsheet edition was published on Saturday 11 March 2006, and the first tabloid edition was published on Monday 13 March 2006. On the same day, the paper's website was revamped and expanded.

The change to a tabloid format brought The Courier-Mail in line with all other News Limited Australian metropolitan daily newspapers. This followed the change to a tabloid format by The Advertiser of Adelaide—another News Corporation newspaper—some years earlier. Despite the claims that there would be no loss of journalistic quality, The Courier-Mail in its "compact" format is not well regarded for its journalism, e.g. the 'Crikey' website described it as "one of the contestants in a close run field for worst paper in Australia". [22] In August 2011, police and the parents of a murder victim criticized the paper for falsely accusing their son of a child sex crime. [23]

On 24 March 2014 Queensland Newspapers, the News Corp Australia subsidiary responsible for publishing the Courier-Mail, was found guilty by a District Court of breaching restrictions on publishing Family Court proceedings on four occasions and fined a total of $120,000. The breachs occurred in 2012 when the Courier-Mail published on its front page the names and photos of a mother and her children involved in a Family Court dispute. District Court Justice Terence Martin said: "It seems to me that the newspaper seized upon what it regarded as a sensational story, which would be attractive to readers, and put the story ahead of its legal obligations". [24]

Criticism

The Courier-Mail has been viewed as controversial on several occasions. One particular instance, on 7 October 2014, the paper published a transphobic headline related to the gruesome murder of Mayang Prasetyo. [25]

Digitisation

Pre-1955 issues of the newspaper have been digitised as part of the Australian Newspapers Digitisation Program of the National Library of Australia. [26] [27]

See also

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References

  1. "News Queensland Editorial staff". couriermail.
  2. Brisbane Courier 26 October 1861, p2c (obituary for Lyon); Brisbane Courier 22 August 1887, p.6 & 22 June 1926 'The Story of the Courier'
  3. "DEATH OF THE HON. JAMES SWAN". The Brisbane Courier . XLVII (10, 415). Queensland, Australia. 2 June 1891. p. 5 via National Library of Australia.
  4. "JUBILEE ISSUE". The Brisbane Courier . LIII (11, 992). Queensland, Australia. 20 June 1896. p. 7 via National Library of Australia.
  5. see also Swans' advertisement as "late proprietor of the Courier, in the Moreton Bay Courier 22 December 1859, page 3d "Classified Advertising". The Moreton Bay Courier . XIV (814). Queensland, Australia. 22 December 1859. p. 3 via National Library of Australia.
  6. "Classified Advertising". The Brisbane Courier . XXIII (3, 357). Queensland, Australia. 2 July 1868. p. 2 via National Library of Australia.
  7. Stephens, Thomas Blacket (1819–1877), Australian Dictionary of Biography
  8. Judith Womersley, Mark Richmond (2001). AussieData: From Prehistory to the Present. Wakefield Press. p. 160. ISBN   1-86254-545-6.
  9. H. J. Summers, 'Knight, John James (1863–1927)', Australian Dictionary of Biography , Volume 9, MUP, 1983, pp 622–623
  10. "About Us | The Courier Mail" . Retrieved 25 February 2019.
  11. "Hall of Fame". Queensland Business Leaders Hall of Fame . State Library of Queensland. Archived from the original on 23 October 2018. Retrieved 23 October 2018.
  12. "Queensland Business Leaders Hall of Fame | The Courier-Mail". leaders.slq.qld.gov.au. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  13. "How Partisan is the Press? Multiple Measures of Media Slant". SSRN   1521231 .Missing or empty |url= (help)
  14. 1 2 "CIRCULATION AND READERSHIP" (PDF). Retrieved 2 September 2013.
  15. "The Courier-Mail Demographics". Archived from the original on 30 April 2007. Retrieved 9 February 2007.
  16. "News Corp shuts down mX newspaper". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 23 October 2015.
  17. "couriermail.com.au Site Overview". Alexa. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
  18. 1 2 "Couriermail.com.au Analytics". SimilarWeb. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
  19. "Top 50 sites in Australia for News And Media". SimilarWeb. Archived from the original on 25 August 2015. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
  20. "Courier Mail Brisbane Newspaper History". Brisbane History. Retrieved 23 April 2015.
  21. "Blog of Andrew Bartlett". Andrewbartlett.com. 23 March 2006. Retrieved 1 December 2012.
  22. Margaret Simons (26 June 2007). "Crikey Bias-o-meter: The Newspapers". Crikey.com.au. Retrieved 1 December 2012.
  23. Marissa Calligeros (3 August 2011). "Child sex slur disgusting murder victims mum". Brisbanetimes.com.au. Retrieved 1 December 2012.
  24. "Courier-Mail fined for identifying family in custody battle". Brisbane Times. 24 March 2014. Archived from the original on 1 July 2017. Retrieved 24 March 2014.
  25. Eloise Brook (8 October 2014). "Comment: How media reports affect trans people, and what should be done". SBS.
  26. "Newspaper and magazine titles". Trove. Retrieved 9 October 2014.
  27. "Newspaper Digitisation Program". Trove. Retrieved 9 October 2014.

Further reading