State Library of Queensland

Last updated

State Library of Queensland
State Library of Queensland building, Brisbane, Queensland 01.jpg
Exterior of State Library
State Library of Queensland
Former namesThe Brisbane Public Library The Public Library of Queensland
Alternative namesSLQ
General information
TypePublic Building
LocationKurilpa Point, South Bank, Brisbane
AddressCultural Precinct, Stanley Place, South Bank, South Brisbane, Queensland
Coordinates 27°28′16″S153°01′06″E / 27.471087°S 153.018281°E / -27.471087; 153.018281 Coordinates: 27°28′16″S153°01′06″E / 27.471087°S 153.018281°E / -27.471087; 153.018281
Construction started2004
Completed2006
Inaugurated25 November 2006
Technical details
Floor count5
Floor area28000m2
Design and construction
Architecture firmDonovan Hill, Peddle Thorp
Awards and prizesRAIA Sir Zelman Cowen Award for Public Architecture, 2007 RAIA Emil Sodersten Award for Interior Architecture, 2007

The State Library of Queensland is the main reference and research library provided to the people of the State of Queensland, Australia, by the state government. Its legislative basis is provided by the Queensland Libraries Act 1988. [1] It contains a significant portion of Queensland's documentary heritage, major reference and research collections, and is an advocate of and partner with public libraries across Queensland. The library is at Kurilpa Point, within the Queensland Cultural Centre on the Brisbane River at South Bank.

Contents

History

The Brisbane Public Library was established by the government of the Colony of Queensland in 1896, and was renamed the Public Library of Queensland in 1898. [2] The library was opened to the public in 1902. [2]

In 1934, the Oxley Memorial Library (now the John Oxley Library), [3] named for the explorer John Oxley, opened as a centre for research and study relating specifically to Queensland. The Libraries Act of 1943 established the Library Board of Queensland to manage the Public Library of Queensland; three years later, under the terms of The Oxley Memorial Library of Queensland Act, [4] it took over management of the Oxley Memorial Library as well.

The old State Library with extension, built in the late 1950s The-old-State-Library.jpg
The old State Library with extension, built in the late 1950s

In March 1947, James L. Stapleton was appointed Queensland's first State Librarian. [5] [6] Stapleton advocated for a new building for the library and that library services should be free to the public. [7] He remains the longest-serving CEO, and has been followed by five others: Sydney Lawrence (Lawrie) Ryan from 1970 to 1988, Des Stephens from 1988 to 2001, Lea Giles-Peters (the first woman to be appointed to the position [8] ) from 2001 to 2011, Janette Wright, from 2012-2015 and from 2016, Vicki McDonald. [2]

In 1971, the "Public Library" became the "State Library." The following year, the Public Library Service was established to liaise with Queensland local authorities regarding their public libraries; a subsidy for employing qualified staff in public libraries was also established. A few years later the Country Lending Service was established to provide book exchange and other services to public libraries in Queensland's smaller local government areas. Under the new name of Rural Libraries Queensland, the service is still going strong today, administered by the State Library's Public and Indigenous Library Services program.

In 2003, the State Library began a new mission of establishing Indigenous Knowledge Centres (IKCs) in the Cape York and Torres Strait areas. There is now a network of 22 IKCs in remote and regional communities: across Cape York, the islands of the Torres Strait, Central Queensland and at Cherbourg in South East Queensland. [9]

The State Library's current strategic vision is to enrich the lives of Queenslanders through creatively engaging people with information, knowledge and community. [10]

In early 2011, the library donated 50,000 pictures to Wikimedia Commons. [11]

Collection and services

The library holds general collections, including books, journals and magazines, newspapers, audiovisual items, family history, maps, music, ephemera, Internet and electronic resources. There are research collections and services – including the John Oxley Library and the Australian Library of Art, which includes the James Hardie Library of Australian Fine Arts.

The library is home to two UNESCO Memory of the World significant collections, Labour Party Manifesto [12] and the Margaret Lawrie collection of Torres Strait Islands material.

The library holds a collection of Queensland election-related material, including websites, posters, flyers and how-to-vote cards. [13] It also holds the Frank and Eunice Corley House Photographs Collection, which contained more than 60,000 photographs of Brisbane suburbia. [14]

Services

Exhibitions

The library has hosted a number of prominent exhibitions, including

Tours

Free guided tours of the building are available. [18] In 2010, a total of 3730 school students participated in a tour. [19]

Rural Libraries Queensland

Rural Libraries Queensland (formerly the Country Library Service) is a collaboration between the State Library of Queensland and approximately 30 of the local government councils to provide library libraries to rural communities. [20]

National edeposit (NED)

As a member library of National and State Libraries Australia, the organisation collaborated on the creation of the National edeposit (NED) system, which enables publishers from all over Australia to upload electronic publications as per the 2016 amendment to the Copyright Act 1968 and other regional legislation relating to legal deposit, [21] and makes these publications publicly accessible online (depending on access conditions) from anywhere via Trove. [22]

Architecture

Northern end of the State Library of Queensland Northern end of the State Library of Queensland.jpg
Northern end of the State Library of Queensland
Interior of the State Library Atrium in State Library of Queensland 04.jpg
Interior of the State Library

The Brisbane Public Library moved into the Old State Library Building in William Street, Brisbane in 1899. This building had formerly been occupied by the Queensland Museum.

The Library originally shared accommodation in the building with an art gallery. In the late 1950s, an extension, with a distinctive tiled mural on the exterior, was built onto the building to provide more space. The mural was the winning design in a national competition held in 1958.

In 1988, the State Library of Queensland moved to a new home within the Queensland Cultural Centre at South Bank, near the Queensland Museum and the original Queensland Art Gallery. [2]

In 2004, work began on the Millennium Library Project - a major redevelopment of the existing State Library building. [23] After three years of extensive redevelopment, the South Bank building officially re-opened on 25 November 2006 as "a new cultural and knowledge destination" and a fitting showcase for the collections. New services include the kuril dhagun Indigenous Knowledge Centre, and The Corner, an activities area for children under 8, their parents, carers, educators and friends.

The newly-redeveloped building was designed by Brisbane-based architecture firms Donovan Hill and Peddle Thorp. Their work earned them the prestigious RAIA Sir Zelman Cowen Award for Public Architecture, 2007 (award for best public building in Australia), [24] the RAIA Emil Sodersten Award for Interior Architecture, 2007, [25] the RAIA Queensland Architecture Award for Brisbane Building of the Year 2007, the RAIA FDG Stanley Award for Public Buildings Architecture 2007 and the AIB Queensland Awards - Project of the Year + Sustainability Commendation 2007. [26]

The building overlooks Stanley Place between the Queensland Art Gallery and the new Queensland Gallery of Modern Art.

Governance

The State Library of Queensland is governed by the Library Board of Queensland and comprises the following program units:

Content Development

Regional Access and Public Libraries

Engagement and Partnerships

Corporate Services

Office of the State Librarian

Queensland Business Leaders Hall of Fame

In 2009 State Library of Queensland, the Queensland Library Foundation and QUT Business School at Queensland University of Technology collaborated to establish the Queensland Business Leaders Hall of Fame initiative. [27] The QBLHOF recognises outstanding contributions made by organisations, companies and individuals to develop the Queensland economy and society, both contemporary and historical. A governing committee determines a list of inductees based on a set of criteria including:

The inductees are announced each year in July at a gala event. Since 2014 the QBLHOF has also awarded an annual Fellowship, to recipients working on a research project that utilises the resources of the John Oxley Library to produce new interpretations of Queensland's business history. [27]

See also

Related Research Articles

Queensland North-east state of Australia

Queensland ( KWEENZ-land, is a state situated in northeastern Australia, and is the second-largest and third-most populous Australian state. It is a federated state and a parliamentary constitutional monarchy, and is bordered by the Northern Territory, South Australia and New South Wales to the west, south-west and south respectively. To the east, Queensland is bordered by the Coral Sea and Pacific Ocean. To its north is the Torres Strait, separating the Australian mainland from Papua New Guinea. With an area of 1,852,642 square kilometres, Queensland is the world's sixth-largest sub-national entity, and is larger than all but 15 countries. Due to its size, Queensland's geographical features and climates are diverse, including tropical rainforests, rivers, coral reefs, mountain ranges and sandy beaches in its tropical and sub-tropical coastal regions, as well as deserts and savanna in the semi-arid and desert climactic regions of its interior.

Brisbane Capital city of Queensland, Australia

Brisbane is the capital of and the most populated city in the Australian state of Queensland, and the third most populous city in Australia. Brisbane's metropolitan area has a population of over 2.5 million, and the South East Queensland metropolitan region, centred on Brisbane, encompasses a population of more than 3.6 million. The Brisbane central business district stands on the historic European settlement and is situated inside a peninsula of the Brisbane River, about 15 kilometres from its mouth at Moreton Bay, a bay of the Coral Sea. The metropolitan area extends in all directions along the hilly floodplain of the Brisbane River Valley between Moreton Bay and the Taylor and D'Aguilar mountain ranges. It sprawls across several of Australia's most populous local government areas (LGAs)—most centrally the City of Brisbane, which is by far the most populous LGA in the nation. The demonym of Brisbane is "Brisbanite", whilst common nicknames include "Brissy", "River City" and "Brisvegas".

Queensland University of Technology (QUT) is a public research university located in the urban coastal city of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. QUT is located on two campuses in the Brisbane area viz. Gardens Point and Kelvin Grove. The university in its current form was founded in 1989, when the Queensland Institute of Technology (QIT) was made a university through the Queensland University of Technology Act 1988, with the resulting Queensland University of Technology beginning its operations from January 1989. In 1990, the Brisbane College of Advanced Education merged with QUT.

Eddie Mabo

Edward Koiki Mabo was an Indigenous Australian man from the Torres Strait Islands known for his role in campaigning for Indigenous land rights and in a landmark decision of the High Court of Australia that overturned the legal doctrine of terra nullius that characterised Australian law with regard to land and title.

Torres Strait Islanders Ethnic group

Torres Strait Islanders are the Indigenous peoples of the Torres Strait Islands, which are part of the state of Queensland, Australia. Ethnically distinct from the Aboriginal people of the rest of Australia, they are often grouped with them as Indigenous Australians. Today there are many more Torres Strait Islander people living in mainland Australia than on the Islands.

Thursday Island Town in Queensland, Australia

Thursday Island, colloquially known as TI, or in the Kawrareg dialect, Waiben or Waibene, is an island of the Torres Strait Islands, an archipelago of at least 274 small islands in the Torres Strait. TI is located approximately 39 kilometres north of Cape York Peninsula in Far North Queensland, Australia. Thursday Island is also the name of the town in the south and west of the island and also the name of the locality which contains the island within the Shire of Torres. The town of Rose Hill is located on the north-eastern tip of the island.

Inala, Queensland Suburb of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia

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Robin Gibson was an Australian architect, from Brisbane, Queensland.

Queensland Cultural Centre

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Queensland Museum

The Queensland Museum is the state museum of Queensland, Australia. The museum currently operates from its headquarters and general museum in South Brisbane with specialist museums located in North Ipswich in Ipswich, East Toowoomba in Toowoomba, and in Townsville City in Townsville.

Country Womens Association

The Country Women's Association of Australia is the largest women's organisation in Australia. It has 44,000 members across 1855 branches. Its aims are to improve the conditions for country women and children and to try to make life better for women and their families, especially those women living in rural and remote Australia. The organisation is self-funded, nonpartisan and nonsectarian.

Sue Islet (Queensland)

Sue Islet, also known as Warraber, is the middle islet of The Three Sisters, Torres Strait, Queensland, Australia. This island is one of the Torres Strait Islands and is within the locality of Warraber Islet in the Torres Strait Island Region.

Goomeri Town in Queensland, Australia

Goomeri is a town and locality in the Gympie Region, Queensland, Australia. In the 2016 census, Goomeri had a population of 664 people.

James Birrell (1928-2019) was an architect responsible for the design of significant buildings in Queensland, Australia. James Birrell practiced from 1951 to 1986.

Daryl Jackson Australian architect

Daryl Sanders Jackson AO is an Australian architect and the owner of an international architecture firm, Jackson Architecture. Jackson also became the Associate Professor of the University of Melbourne and Deakin University.

UQ Law School

The UQ Law School is the law school of the University of Queensland in Brisbane, Australia. Founded in 1936, the school is the sixth-oldest law school in Australia and the oldest and most prestigious in Queensland. The school is currently the most-cited law school in Australia. Its alumni include six Australian High Court Justices including two Chief Justices of Australia.

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Cairns City, Queensland Suburb of Cairns, Queensland, Australia

Cairns City is a coastal suburb at the centre of Cairns in the local government area of Cairns Region, Queensland, Australia. It can also be referred to as the Cairns Central Business District (CBD). In the 2011 census, the population of Cairns City was 2,737 people.

Frank Corley was a New Zealand-born commercial photographer who worked in South East Queensland, and primarily Brisbane in Australia. Corley was one of a number of commercial house photographers who worked in Brisbane from the late 1950s onwards, selling photographs of suburban homes to their owners, often in the form of calendars.

References

  1. "Libraries Act 1988". Queensland Government Queensland Legislation. Archived from the original on 13 November 2017. Retrieved 13 November 2017.
  2. 1 2 3 4 "History - State Library of Queensland". Archived from the original on 24 November 2013.
  3. John Oxley Library Archived 11 April 2019 at the Wayback Machine . State Library of Queensland. Retrieved 14 June 2019.
  4. "Oxley Memorial Library of Queensland Act 1946" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 11 March 2016.
  5. "Took Year To Get Librarian". The Courier-mail (3221). Queensland, Australia. 21 March 1947. p. 3. Retrieved 21 October 2018 via National Library of Australia.
  6. "NEW LIBRARIAN'S 25 YEARS ON JOB". The Courier-mail (3223). Queensland, Australia. 24 March 1947. p. 6. Retrieved 21 October 2018 via National Library of Australia.
  7. "IF AUSTRALIA IS TO KEEP ABREAST OF THE TIMES". The Courier-mail (3327). Queensland, Australia. 24 July 1947. p. 2. Retrieved 21 October 2018 via National Library of Australia.
  8. Houghton, Des. "Building a better, bolder lifestyle". The Courier Mail. 9 May, 2006: 30.
  9. Indigenous Knowledge Centres Archived 26 August 2012 at the Wayback Machine . State Library of Queensland. Retrieved 30 June 2013.
  10. Corporate information Archived 25 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine . State Library of Queensland. Retrieved 30 June 2013.
  11. Claire Connelly (5 January 2011). "State Library of Queensland donates 50,000 photos to Wikimedia Commons". news.com.au. News Limited. Archived from the original on 12 October 2013. Retrieved 30 June 2013.
  12. Charles Seymour Papers. Digitool Viewer. Retrieved 30 June 2013.
  13. Emma Sykes (16 March 2012). "What to do with those 'How to Vote' cards after polling day". 612 ABC Brisbane. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Archived from the original on 27 May 2012. Retrieved 30 June 2013.
  14. "Home: a suburban obsession". School of Architecture. University of Queensland. Archived from the original on 10 August 2019. Retrieved 10 August 2019.
  15. "Slq.qld.gov.au" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 20 March 2018.
  16. "The Edge, SLQ". The Edge. Archived from the original on 23 January 2018. Retrieved 20 March 2018.
  17. jurisdiction=Queensland, corporateName=State Library of Queensland. "Business Studio". Archived from the original on 19 March 2018. Retrieved 20 March 2018.
  18. "Calendar – tours". State Library of Queensland. Archived from the original on 6 June 2013. Retrieved 30 June 2013.
  19. Tim Lohman (4 July 2011). "State Library of Queensland building virtual tour". CIO. IDG Communications. Archived from the original on 27 July 2014. Retrieved 30 June 2013.
  20. "Rural Libraries Queensland". State Library of Queensland. Archived from the original on 21 May 2017. Retrieved 8 May 2017.
  21. "What is legal deposit?". National Library of Australia. 17 February 2016. Archived from the original on 21 April 2020. Retrieved 6 May 2020.
  22. "What is National edeposit (NED)?". NED. Archived from the original on 7 March 2020. Retrieved 6 May 2020.
  23. "Timeline of State Library of Queensland history". Archived from the original on 24 November 2013. Retrieved 16 January 2017.
  24. 2007 RAIA National Architecture Awards: Sir Zelman Cowen Award for Public Architecture: State Library of Queensland Architecture Australia Vol 96 No 6 Nov/Dec 2007 pp 74–75 Archived 21 July 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  25. 2007 RAIA National Architecture Awards: Emil Sodersten Award for Interior Architecture: Architecture Australia Vol 96 No 6 Nov/Dec 2007 pp 86–87
  26. "Peddle Thorpe. State Library of Queensland". Archived from the original on 16 March 2018. Retrieved 16 March 2018.
  27. 1 2 "Queensland Business Leaders Business Leaders Hall of Fame". Archived from the original on 6 August 2017. Retrieved 3 August 2017.