First edition of volume 1
|Subject||Biographies of notable Australians|
|Publisher||Melbourne University Press|
|Media type||Hard copy|
The Australian Dictionary of Biography (ADB or AuDB) is a national co-operative enterprise founded and maintained by the Australian National University (ANU) to produce authoritative biographical articles on eminent people in Australia's history. Initially published in a series of twelve hard-copy volumes between 1966 and 2005, the dictionary has been published online since 2006.
The ADB project has been operating since 1957. Staff are located at the National Centre of Biography in the History Department of the Research School of Social Sciences at the Australian National University. Since its inception, 4,000 authors have contributed to the ADB and its published volumes contain 9,800 scholarly articles on 12,000 individuals.210 of these are of Indigenous Australians, which has been explained by Bill Stanner's "cult of forgetfulness" theory around the contributions of Indigenous Australians to Australian society.
The ADB project should not be confused with the much smaller and older Dictionary of Australian Biography by Percival Serle, first published in 1949, nor with the German Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (published 1875–1912) which may also be referred to as ADB in English sources.
To date, the ADB has produced eighteen hard copy volumes of biographical articles on important and representative figures in Australian history, published by Melbourne University Press. In addition to publishing these works, the ADB makes its primary research material available to the academic community and the public.
|Volume(s)||Years published||Subjects covered|
|1 and 2||1966–67||Covered those Australians who lived in the period 1788–1850|
|3 to 6||1969–76||Covered those Australians who lived in the period 1851–1890|
|7 to 12||1979–90||Covered those Australians who lived in the period 1891–1939|
|13 to 16||1993–2002||Covered those Australians who lived in the period 1940–1980|
|17 and 18||2007–2012||Covered those Australians who died between 1981 and 1990|
|Supplement||2005||Dealt with those Australians not covered by the original volumes|
|Index||1991||Index for Volumes 1 to 12|
On 6 July 2006, the Australian Dictionary of Biography Online was launched by Michael Jeffery, Governor-General of Australia, and received a Manning Clark National Cultural Award in December 2006.The website is a joint production of the ADB and the Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre, University of Melbourne (Austehc).
In 2018, Clinton Fernandes wrote that ADB is conspicuously silent on the slaveholder or slave profiting pasts of a number of influential figures in the development of Australia, including George Fife Angas, Isaac Currie, Archibald Paull Burt, Charles Edward Bright, Alexander Kenneth Mackenzie, Robert Allwood, Lachlan Macquarie, Donald Charles Cameron, John Buhot, John Belisario, Alfred Langhorne, John Samuel August, and Godfrey Downes Carter.However, the Legacies database from which Fernandes obtains this information is ambiguous as to George Fife Angas's connection with slavery. It states that he did not lodge the claims himself but collected the compensatory amount for unknown reasons.
The entries were written in the 1960s and await to be updated.
Johann Samuel Ersch was a German bibliographer, generally regarded as the founder of German bibliography.
Otto Jahn, was a German archaeologist, philologist, and writer on art and music.
The Dictionary of National Biography (DNB) is a standard work of reference on notable figures from British history, published since 1885. The updated Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (ODNB) was published on 23 September 2004 in 60 volumes and online, with 50,113 biographical articles covering 54,922 lives.
Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie is one of the most important and most comprehensive biographical reference works in the German language.
George Fife Angas was an English businessman and banker who, from England, played a significant part in the formation and establishment of the Province of South Australia. He established the South Australian Company and was its founding chairman of the board of directors. In later life he migrated to the colony and served as a member of the first South Australian Legislative Council. His financial contribution of some £40,000 was instrumental to the creation of South Australia.
Neue Deutsche Biographie is a biographical reference work. It is the successor to the Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie. The 26 volumes published thus far cover more than 22,500 individuals and families who lived in the German language area.
The South Australian Company, also referred to as the South Australia Company, was formed in London on 9 October 1835, after lobbying by the South Australian Association. The founding board, headed by George Fife Angas, consisted of wealthy British merchants in order to develop a new settlement in South Australia; its purpose was to build a new colony by meeting an essential financial obligation of the South Australia Act 1834.
Angaston is a town on the eastern side of the Barossa Valley in South Australia, 77 km northeast of Adelaide. Its elevation is 347 m, one of the highest points in the valley, and has an average rainfall of 561 mm. Angaston was originally known as German Pass, but was later renamed after the politician, banker and possible former slaveholder George Fife Angas, who settled in the area in the 1850s. Angaston is in the Barossa Council local government area, the state electoral district of Schubert and the federal Division of Barker.
Rochus Wilhelm Traugott Heinrich Ferdinand Freiherr von Liliencron was a Germanist and historian, known for his collection of German Volkslieder, published in five volumes in 1865-1869, and as the editor of the biographical reference work Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB), published 1875-1912.
Johann Adam Pupikofer was a Swiss historian, from 1861 curator of the Thurgau cantonal archive in Frauenfeld.
Eduard Eugen Blösch was a Swiss politician, President of the Federal Supreme Court and President of the Swiss National Council (1855/1856).
Godfrey Downes Carter was an Australian businessman, politician and mayor of Melbourne from 1884 to 1885.
The Melbourne Society of Women Painters and Sculptors is the oldest surviving women's art group in Australia.
The Centre for the Study of the Legacies of British Slave-ownership is a research centre of the University College, London which focuses on revealing the impact of British slavery.
Johann Georg Martin Brückner was a German historian and geographer.
Karl Friedrich Adolf Konrad Bartsch was a German medievalist.
Jakob Baechtold, surname sometimes spelled as Bächtold was a Swiss literary scholar.
Georg Cornelius Karl Gerland was a German anthropologist and geophysicist.
The Country-National Organisation was a short-lived conservative political party in the Australian state of Queensland during the Second World War.
Jane Ada Fletcher (1870–1956) was a Tasmanian poet and author, publishing works on ornithology, history, anthropology, and fiction.