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|Country (sports)||United States|
|Residence||Rolling Hills, California|
|Born||December 12, 1962|
Palos Verdes Peninsula, California
|Height||5 ft 5 in (165 cm)|
|Turned pro||October 23, 1978|
|Int. Tennis HoF||1992 (member page)|
|Career record||335–90 (78.82%)|
|Highest ranking||No. 1 (April 7, 1980)|
|Grand Slam Singles results|
|Australian Open||QF (1981)|
|French Open||QF (1982, 1983)|
|Wimbledon||SF (1979, 1980)|
|US Open||W (1979, 1981)|
|Tour Finals||W (1980)|
|Highest ranking||41 (August 14, 1989)|
|Grand Slam Doubles results|
|US Open||QF (1978, 1979)|
|Grand Slam Mixed Doubles results|
|US Open||SF (1988)|
|Fed Cup||W (1978, 1979, 1980)|
Tracy Ann Austin Holt (born December 12, 1962) is an American former World No. 1 professional tennis player. She won three Grand Slam titles; the women's singles titles at the 1979 and 1981 US Opens, and the mixed doubles title at the Wimbledon Championships in 1980. Additionally, she won the WTA Tour Championships in 1980 and the year-ending Toyota Championships in 1981, both in singles. A series of injuries and a serious automobile accident cut short her career. Since 1979, she has been the youngest US Open female singles champion in history, and she is the youngest inductee of all time at the International Tennis Hall of Fame. Austin won singles titles on all playing surfaces: clay (both red clay and green clay), indoor carpet, grass, and hard courts.
Tennis is a racket sport that can be played individually against a single opponent (singles) or between two teams of two players each (doubles). Each player uses a tennis racket that is strung with cord to strike a hollow rubber ball covered with felt over or around a net and into the opponent's court. The object of the game is to maneuver the ball in such a way that the opponent is not able to play a valid return. The player who is unable to return the ball will not gain a point, while the opposite player will.
The Grand Slam tournaments, also called majors, are the four most important annual tennis events. They offer the most ranking points, prize money, public and media attention, the greatest strength and size of field, and greater number of "best of" sets for men. The Grand Slam itinerary consists of the Australian Open in mid January, the French Open around late May through early June, Wimbledon in June-July, and the US Open in August-September. Each tournament is played over a two-week period. The Australian and United States tournaments are played on hard courts, the French on clay, and Wimbledon on grass. Wimbledon is the oldest, founded in 1877, followed by the US in 1881, the French in 1891, and the Australian in 1905. However, of these four, only Wimbledon was a major before 1924–25, when all four became designated Grand Slam tournaments. Skipping majors—especially the Australian Open because of the remoteness, the inconvenient dates and the low prize money—was not unusual before 1982.
The United States Open Tennis Championships is a hard court tennis tournament. The tournament is the modern version of one of the oldest tennis championships in the world, the U.S. National Championship, for which men's singles was first played in 1881.
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Austin possessed a solid baseline game, with a strong forehand and reliable two-fisted backhand. She struck the ball deep, with substantial pace (given the wooden racquet era of her prime), and with pinpoint accuracy, hitting on or near the lines. Often this aspect of her game has overshadowed her solid net game which resulted in a Wimbledon mixed doubles title with her brother John. Austin's first serve was a mid-paced high percentage shot that functioned well on all playing surfaces, and although her second serve has been described as lacking penetration, she rarely double faulted.
The Championships, Wimbledon, commonly known simply as Wimbledon, is the oldest tennis tournament in the world, and is regarded by many as the most prestigious. It has been held at the All England Club in Wimbledon, London, since 1877 and is played on outdoor grass courts.
Austin turned professional in October 1978.That same first professional singles title, in the final of the Porsche Tennis Grand Prix in Filderstadt, West Germany.
The 1978 Porsche Tennis Grand Prix was a women's singles tennis tournament played on indoor carpet courts at the Tennis Sporthalle Filderstadt in Filderstadt in West Germany. The event was part of the A category of the 1978 Colgate Series. It was the inaugural edition of the tournament and was held from 23 October through 29 October 1978. First-seeded Tracy Austin won the singles title, her first as a professional, and earned $6,000 first-prize money as well as a Porsche 924.
Filderstadt is a town in the district of Esslingen in Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany. It is located approximately 13 km south of Stuttgart.
Austin defeated 35-year-old Billie Jean King in the quarterfinals of the 1979 Wimbledon Championships before losing to Martina Navratilova in straight sets in the semifinals. Austin then became the youngest ever US Open champion, aged 16 years and 9 months, by defeating Navratilova in the semifinals and Chris Evert in the final. Evert had been attempting to win the title for the fifth consecutive year. Earlier that year, Austin ended Evert's 125-match winning streak on clay by beating her 6-4, 2-6, 7-6 in a semifinal of the Italian Open. The Associated Press named Austin its Female Athlete of the Year for 1979.
Billie Jean King is an American former World No. 1 professional tennis player. King won 39 Grand Slam titles: 12 in singles, 16 in women's doubles, and 11 in mixed doubles. She won the singles title at the inaugural WTA Tour Championships. She often represented the United States in the Federation Cup and the Wightman Cup. She was a member of the victorious United States team in seven Federation Cups and nine Wightman Cups. For three years, she was the United States' captain in the Federation Cup.
First-seeded Martina Navratilova successfully defended her title, defeating Chris Evert-Lloyd in a repeat of the previous year's final, 6–4, 6–4 to win the Ladies' Singles tennis title at the 1979 Wimbledon Championships.
Martina Navratilova is a Czechoslovak-born American former professional tennis player and coach. In 2005, Tennis magazine selected her as the greatest female tennis player for the years 1975 through 2005 and she is considered one of the best female tennis players of all time.
Austin lost in the semifinals of both Grand Slam tournaments she played in 1980. Evonne Goolagong Cawley, seeded fourth and the eventual champion, defeated Austin at the Wimbledon Championships. As the top seed and defending champion at the US Open, Austin was expected to extend her five-match winning streak against third-ranked Evert. Austin took a 4–0 lead in the first set before Evert won 16 of the final 20 games to win the match. Evert went on to beat Hana Mandlíková in the final, thus securing for herself the year-ending World No. 1 ranking. Austin was ranked the World No. 1 singles player in 1980 for two weeks (April 7–20) and then for nineteen weeks (July 7-November 17), partly because she captured the two sponsors' tour-ending events. Austin defeated Navratilova to win the Avon Championships in March and Andrea Jaeger to capture the 1980 Colgate Series Championships in January 1981. In 1980, Austin won the Wimbledon mixed doubles title with her brother John, becoming the first brother and sister team ever to win a Grand Slam title together.
Evonne Fay Goolagong Cawley is an Australian former world No. 1 tennis player. She was one of the world's leading players in the 1970s and early 1980s, the number one Australian pro on tour after the retirement of Margaret Court. Goolagong Cawley won 14 Grand Slam titles: seven in singles, six in women's doubles, and one in mixed doubles.
First-seeded Martina Navratilova was the defending champion, but lost to Chris Evert Lloyd in the semifinals.
Tracy Austin was the defending champion, but lost in the semifinals to Chris Evert in a rematch of the final of the previous year.
During the first four months of 1981, Austin played only two events because of chronic injuries. On grass, she won the BMW Championships in Eastbourne, United Kingdom without losing a set before Pam Shriver beat her in a Wimbledon quarterfinal. Austin then won 26 consecutive matches and four consecutive tournaments. She defeated Shriver in the final of the Wells Fargo Open in San Diego and, three weeks later, she beat both Navratilova and Evert in straight sets to win the Canadian Open in Toronto. As the third-seeded player at the US Open, Austin defeated fourth-seeded Navratilova in the final. Navratilova, however, ended Austin's winning streak in the final of the U.S. Indoor Championships. In Europe during the autumn, Austin lost to Sue Barker in the quarterfinals of the Brighton International in Brighton, United Kingdom, but recovered the following week to defeat Navratilova in the final of the Porsche Tennis Grand Prix in Stuttgart, West Germany. At the final Grand Slam tournament of the year, Austin was seeded second but lost to sixth-seeded Shriver in the Australian Open quarterfinals. The 1981 year-ending Toyota Series Championships featured two matches against Evert and one against Navratilova. Evert won her round robin match with Austin, before Austin defeated Evert in their semifinal. Austin then won the tournament with a three-set defeat of Navratilova. The Associated Press named Austin its 1981 Female Athlete of the Year for the second time.
A grass court is one of the four different types of tennis court on which the sport of tennis, originally known as "lawn tennis", is played. Grass courts are made of grasses in different compositions depending on the tournament.
The Eastbourne International is a tennis tournament on the Women's Tennis Association Tour and the ATP World Tour held at the Devonshire Park Lawn Tennis Club, Eastbourne, United Kingdom. Held since 1974, it is classified as a WTA Premier tournament on the WTA Tour and an ATP World Tour 250 series on the ATP World Tour. The tournament is played on outdoor grass courts, and is generally considered a "warm-up" for the Wimbledon Grand Slam event, which begins the following week. It was originally just part of the Women's Tennis Association Tour, but since 2009, every year bar 2015 and 2016, it has been part of the ATP World Tour. It is currently sponsored by Nature Valley. Before the sponsor change, the event was sponsored by AEGON. From 2015 the annual tournament returned to a Ladies only event, with the Men's competition returning to Nottingham. In April 2016, it was announced that men's tennis would return to Eastbourne for the 2017 season with the ATP World Tour 250 series event being reinstated.
Pamela Howard Shriver is a former American professional tennis player known primarily as a doubles specialist with success also as a singles player. She currently is a tennis broadcaster for ESPN. During the 1980s and 1990s, she won 133 titles, including 21 women's singles titles, 111 women's doubles titles and one mixed doubles title. In Grand Slam tournaments, Shriver won 21 doubles titles and one mixed doubles title. She also won a women's doubles gold medal at the 1988 Olympic Games in Seoul with Zina Garrison as her partner.
Austin was the first opponent of Steffi Graf when the German made her professional debut at the 1982 Porsche Tennis Grand Prix in Stuttgart. Austin defeated the 13-year-old Graf 6-4, 6-0.
Back injuries and recurring sciatica then began to impair Austin's effectiveness and sidelined her for long stretches. Billie Jean King, seeded twelfth, upset third-seeded Austin in the 1982 Wimbledon quarterfinals. Several weeks later, however, Austin won her 30th and final top-level singles title in San Diego. Austin had a good showing at the 1982 season-ending Toyota Series Championships where she defeated Jaeger, the World No. 3, in straight sets to reach the semifinals. However, she was unable to repeat 1981's victory over Evert, who double bageled her in the semifinals.
In 1983, she was the runner-up at the Family Circle Cup, losing the final to Navratilova in three sets. She also reached the quarterfinals of the French Open. But by the end of 1983, before her 21st birthday, Austin was essentially finished as a top ten player.
Austin began her first comeback on the tour in 1988, when she played in seven doubles tournaments, and in 1989, when she played in one doubles and two singles tournaments. A highlight of this comeback included a semifinal showing in the 1988 US Open mixed doubles with partner Ken Flach.This comeback was ended by a near-fatal motor vehicle accident on August 3, 1989.
In 1992, Austin became the youngest person to be inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame, at the age of 29.
She attempted a second comeback in 1993 and 1994 but was not particularly successful. In 1993, Austin upset Renee Stubbs and Katerina Maleeva at the Evert Cup in Indian Wells, California where she reached the round of 16 before losing to Stephanie Rottier. At the WTA Manhattan Beach event she upset both Gigi Fernández and Elena Likhovtseva before losing to Gabriela Sabatini in the round of 16. The wins over Maleeva, Fernandez, and Likhovtseva began a buzz that Austin might become at least a top twenty player again. However, in 1994, her results were not as promising and at the Evert Cup in Indian Wells, California, Austin lost in the second round in two bagel sets to Steffi Graf, and Austin soon retired in June 1994.
Austin's older sister, Pam, and her older brother, Jeff, were also professional tennis players, as were brothers Doug and John. She is the sister-in-law of fitness author Denise Austin. She is married to Scott Holt and is the mother of three sons, Sean, Brandon, and Dylan. Brandon currently is a member of the USC Tennis team.
As a child, Austin lived next door to Air Force Colonel Keith Lindell, who was responsible for the training of the original seven Project Mercury astronauts.
Since retiring as a player, Austin has worked as a commentator for NBC and the USA Network for the French Open and the US Open. During the 2000s she worked for the Seven Network, who broadcast the Australian Open and usually participates in the BBC's Wimbledon coverage. She began working for Tennis Channel in 2010 and joined their US Open team and later their Australian Open team in 2012. Austin has also worked for Canadian television for their coverage of the Rogers Cup since 2004.
Austin is the focus of David Foster Wallace's "How Tracy Austin Broke My Heart" (1992), a book review of Austin's memoir Beyond Center Court, critiquing the work for using the generic, bland clichés of sports autobiographies to hide the genuinely compelling and tragic story of Austin's career.
|Winner||1979||US Open||Hard||6–4, 6–3|
|Winner||1981||US Open||Hard||1–6, 7–6(7–4), 7–6(7–1)|
|Winner||1980||Wimbledon||Grass||4–6, 7–6(8–6), 6–3|
|Runner-up||1981||Wimbledon||Grass||4–6, 7–6(7–2), 6–3|
|Runner-up||1979||New York City||Carpet (i)||6–3, 3–6, 6–2|
|Winner||1980||New York City||Carpet (i)||6–2, 2–6, 6–2|
|Winner||1.||January 10, 1977||Portland||Hard (i)||6–7, 6–3, 4–1 ret.|
|Runner-up||1.||March 6, 1978||Dallas||Carpet (i)||4–6, 6–0, 6–2|
|Runner-up||2.||October 2, 1978||Phoenix||Hard||6–4, 6–2|
|Winner||2.||October 23, 1978||Filderstadt||Carpet (i)||6–3, 6–3|
|Winner||3.||November 21, 1978||Tokyo||Hard (i)||6–1, 6–1|
|Winner||4.||January 1, 1979||Washington||Carpet (i)||6–3, 6–2|
|Runner-up||3.||January 29, 1979||Chicago||Carpet (i)||6–3, 6–4|
|Runner-up||4.||March 21, 1979||Avon Championships||Carpet (i)||6–3, 3–6, 6–2|
|Winner||5.||April 10, 1979||Hilton Head Island||Clay||7–6(7–3), 7–6(9–7)|
|Winner||6.||May 7, 1979||Rome||Clay||6–4, 1–6, 6–3|
|Winner||7.||July 30, 1979||San Diego||Hard||6–4, 6–2|
|Runner-up||5.||August 20, 1979||Mahwah||Hard||6–7(2–7), 6–4, 6–1|
|Winner||8.||August 28, 1979||US Open||Hard||6–4, 6–3|
|Winner||9.||November 5, 1979||Filderstadt||Carpet (i)||6–2, 6–0|
|Winner||10.||December 15, 1979||Tokyo||Carpet (i)||6–2, 6–1|
|Runner-up||6.||January 2, 1980||Landover||Carpet (i)||6–2, 6–1|
|Winner||11.||January 7, 1980||Cincinnati||Carpet (i)||6–2, 6–1|
|Winner||12.||January 28, 1980||Seattle||Carpet (i)||6–2, 7–6|
|Runner-up||7.||February 4, 1980||Los Angeles||Carpet (i)||6–2, 6–0|
|Winner||13.||March 10, 1980||Boston||Carpet (i)||6–2, 6–1|
|Winner||14.||March 17, 1980||Avon Championships||Carpet (i)||6–2, 2–6, 6–2|
|Winner||15.||March 29, 1980||Carlsbad||Hard||7–5, 6–2|
|Winner||16.||April 7, 1980||Hilton Head Island||Clay||3–6, 6–1, 6–0|
|Runner-up||8.||April 29, 1980||Orlando||Clay||6–2, 6–4|
|Winner||17.||June 16, 1980||Eastbourne||Grass||7–6, 6–2|
|Winner||18.||July 28, 1980||San Diego||Hard||6–1, 6–3|
|Winner||19.||September 29, 1980||Minneapolis||Carpet (i)||6–1, 2–6, 6–2|
|Winner||20.||November 3, 1980||Filderstadt||Carpet (i)||6–2, 7–5|
|Runner-up||9.||November 10, 1980||Tampa||Hard||w/o|
|Runner-up||10.||November 22, 1980||Tokyo||Carpet (i)||6–4, 6–3|
|Winner||21.||December 15, 1980||Tucson||Carpet (i)||6–2, 6–0|
|Winner||22.||January 7, 1981||Landover||Carpet (i)||6–2, 6–2|
|Winner||23.||June 15, 1981||Eastbourne||Grass||6–3, 6–4|
|Winner||24.||July 27, 1981||San Diego||Hard||6–2, 5–7, 6–2|
|Winner||25.||August 17, 1981||Toronto||Hard||6–1, 6–4|
|Winner||26.||September 1, 1981||US Open||Hard||1–6, 7–6(7–4), 7–6(7–1)|
|Winner||27.||September 21, 1981||Atlanta||Hard||4–6, 6–3, 6–3|
|Runner-up||11.||September 28, 1981||Minneapolis||Carpet (i)||6–0, 6–2|
|Winner||28.||October 26, 1981||Filderstadt||Carpet (i)||4–6, 6–3, 6–4|
|Winner||29.||December 14, 1981||East Rutherford||Carpet (i)||2–6, 6–4, 6–2|
|Winner||30.||July 26, 1982||San Diego||Hard||7–6, 6–3|
|Runner-up||12.||October 18, 1982||Filderstadt||Carpet (i)||6–3, 6–3|
|Runner-up||13.||December 6, 1982||Richmond||Carpet (i)||6–7(3–7), 6–2, 6–4|
|Runner-up||14.||April 4, 1983||Hilton Head Island||Clay||5–7, 6–1, 6–0|
|Winner||1.||October 2, 1978||Phoenix||Hard||6–4, 6–7, 6–2|
|Winner||2.||October 23, 1978||Filderstadt||Carpet (i)||6–3, 6–2|
|Runner-up||1.||November 21, 1978||Tokyo||Hard (i)||6–4, 6–7, 3–6|
|Runner-up||2.||January 8, 1979||Oakland||Carpet (i)||6–3, 4–6, 3–6|
|Winner||3.||January 22, 1979||Hollywood||Carpet (i)||6–2, 2–6, 6–2|
|Winner||4.||August 20, 1979||Mahwah||Hard||7–6, 2–6, 6–4|
|Winner||5.||July 28, 1980||San Diego||Hard||3–6, 6–4, 6–3|
|Australian Open||A||A||A||A||A||QF||A||A||A||2R||0 / 2|
|French Open||A||A||A||A||A||QF||QF||A||1R||0 / 3|
|Wimbledon||3R||4R||SF||SF||QF||QF||A||A||A||0 / 6|
|US Open||QF||QF||W||SF||W||QF||A||A||A||2 / 6|
|SR||0 / 2||0 / 2||1 / 2||0 / 2||1 / 3||0 / 3||0 / 1||0 / 0||0 / 2||2 / 17|
|Year End Ranking||12||6||3||2||2||4||9||NR|
SR = the ratio of the number of Grand Slam singles tournaments won to the number of those tournaments played.
Note: The Australian Open was held twice in 1977, in January and December.
Martina Hingis is a Swiss former professional tennis player. She spent a total of 209 weeks as the singles world No. 1 and 90 weeks as doubles world No. 1, holding both No. 1 rankings simultaneously for 29 weeks. She won five Grand Slam singles titles, thirteen Grand Slam women's doubles titles, winning a calendar-year doubles Grand Slam in 1998, and seven Grand Slam mixed doubles titles; for a combined total of twenty-five major titles. In addition, she won the season-ending WTA Finals two times in singles and three times in doubles, and an Olympic silver medal.
Lindsay Ann Davenport Leach is an American former professional tennis player. She was ranked World No. 1 on eight different occasions, for a total of 98 weeks. Davenport is one of five women who have been the year-end World No. 1 at least four times since 1975; the others are Chris Evert, Steffi Graf, Martina Navratilova and Serena Williams. She has achieved the No. 1 ranking in doubles as well.
Venus Ebony Starr Williams is an American professional tennis player who is currently ranked world No. 52 in the WTA singles rankings. She is generally regarded as one of the all-time greats of women's tennis and, along with younger sister Serena Williams, is credited with ushering in a new era of power and athleticism on the women's professional tennis tour.
Christine Marie Evert, known as Chris Evert Lloyd from 1979 to 1987, is a retired American World No. 1 tennis player. She won 18 Grand Slam singles championships and three doubles titles. She was the year-ending World No. 1 singles player in 1974, 1975, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1980, and 1981. Overall, Evert won 157 singles championships and 32 doubles titles.
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Jana Novotná was a professional tennis player from the Czech Republic. She played a serve and volley game, an increasingly rare style of play among women during her career.
Andrea Jaeger is a former World No. 2 professional tennis player from the United States whose brief but highly successful tennis career ended prematurely due to major shoulder injuries. Jaeger reached the singles final of Wimbledon in 1983 and the French Open in 1982. She reached the singles semifinals of the Australian Open in 1982 and of the U.S. Open in 1980 and 1982. She also won 10 singles titles. In mixed doubles, Jaeger won the French Open with Jimmy Arias in 1981. During her career, Jaeger won U.S. $1.4 million in prize money and millions more in endorsements. After retirement in 1987, she has prominently dedicated her life to public service, charities, and philanthropy. In 2006, she became "Sister Andrea" as a member of the Anglican Order of Preachers. She is a member of the Episcopal Church and based in Santa Rosa Beach, Florida, U.S.
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Kerry Melville Reid,, is a former professional tennis player from Australia. During her 17-year career, Reid won one Grand Slam singles title and 26 other singles titles and was the runner-up in 40 singles tournaments. Reid was included in the year-end world top ten rankings for 12 consecutive years (1968–1979). She won at least one tournament annually from 1966 through 1979, except for 1975. Her career-high ranking was World No. 5 in 1971, behind Margaret Court, Billie Jean King, Evonne Goolagong, and Rosie Casals.
Shirley June Fry Irvin is a former world No. 1 tennis player from the United States. During her career, which lasted from the early 1940s until the mid-1950s, she won the singles title at all four Grand Slam events as well as 13 doubles titles. As of 2018, Fry Irvin is the longest surviving female Grand Slam singles champion.
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Virginia Wade was the defending champion, but lost in the semifinals to Chris Evert.
Evonne Goolagong Cawley was the defending champion, but did not compete.
Martina Navratilova successfully defended her title, defeating Andrea Jaeger in the final, 6–0, 6–3 to win the Ladies' Singles tennis title at the 1983 Wimbledon Championships.
Svetlana Germanovna Parkhomenko is a retired Soviet and Russian tennis player and tennis coach. She was a winner of the Soviet singles tennis championships in 1985 and 9 times Soviet champion in women's doubles and mixed doubles. On the international level, she was the winner of the 1983 European amateur championships in women's and mixed doubles, bronze medalist of the 1983 Universiade in women's and mixed doubles, and winner of 8 WTA doubles tournaments. Parkhomenko is the recipient of 1988 WTA Sportsmanship Award.
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tracy Austin .|
| World No. 1 |
April 7, 1980 – April 20, 1980
July 1, 1980 – November 17, 1980
| WTA Newcomer of the Year |