Debbie Meyer

Last updated

Debbie Meyer
Debbie Meyer 1968.jpg
Personal information
Full nameDeborah Elizabeth Meyer
Nickname(s)"Debbie"
National teamUnited States
Born (1952-08-14) August 14, 1952 (age 66)
Annapolis, Maryland
Height5 ft 7 in (170 cm)
Weight115 lb (52 kg)
Sport
Sport Swimming
Strokes Freestyle
ClubArden Hills Swim Club

Deborah Elizabeth Meyer (born August 14, 1952), also known by her married name Deborah Weber, is an American former competition swimmer, a three-time Olympic champion, and a former world record-holder in four events. Meyer won the 200-, 400-, and 800-meter freestyle swimming races in the 1968 Summer Olympics in Mexico City. While she was still a 16-year-old student at Rio Americano High School in Sacramento, California, she became the first swimmer to win three individual gold medals in one Olympics, winning the 200-, 400-, and 800-meter freestyle swimming races. [1] [2] Katie Ledecky is the only other female swimmer to have done the same, in the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio. [3]

Freestyle swimming category of swimming competition

Freestyle is a category of swimming competition, defined by the rules of the International Swimming Federation (FINA), in which competitors are subject to few limited restrictions on their swimming stroke. Freestyle races are the most common of all swimming competitions, with distances beginning with 50 meters and reaching 1500 meters, also known as the mile. The term 'freestyle stroke' is sometimes used as a synonym for 'front crawl', as front crawl is the fastest swimming stroke. It is now the most common stroke used in freestyle competitions.

The 1968 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XIX Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event held in Mexico City, Mexico, from October 12 to the 27th.

Rio Americano High School

Rio Americano High School, colloquially known as Rio, is a public high school in Arden-Arcade, California, just outside Sacramento, serving students in grades 9 through 12 as part of the San Juan Unified School District. Rio Americano students come from the surrounding areas of Arden Park, Arden Oaks, Sierra Oaks, Fair Oaks, Carmichael, Gold River, and to a much lesser extent, the La Sierra community. In recent years, more students have been transferring from other districts and areas, partly due to the shift of Sacramento High School to a charter school. Rio's two rival schools are Jesuit High School and El Camino Fundamental High School because of its close proximity to the Arden Park area.

Contents

Meyer set world records in 200-meter, 400-meter, and 800-meter freestyle swimming events at the U.S. Olympics trials. Her winning times at the Olympic Games were 2:10.5 for the 200-meter, 4:31.8 for the 400-meter, and 9:24.0 for the 800-meter distances, all of them new or first-time Olympic records.

In 1968, the women's freestyle races at 200-meter and 800-meter distances were added to the Summer Olympics for the first time. Before this, the longest race for women was the 400-meter freestyle, despite the fact that the male competitors had had the 1,500-meter freestyle race (the metric mile) for decades, dating back to 1896.

Swimming at the Summer Olympics

Swimming has been a sport at every modern Summer Olympics. It has been open to women since 1912. Along with track & field athletics and gymnastics, it is one of the most popular spectator sports at the Games. Swimming has the second-highest number of Olympic events.

While overcoming her problems with asthma, Meyer broke 15 world records in swimming during her career. [2] [4]

Asthma long-term disease involving poor airflow in the lungs

Asthma is a common long-term inflammatory disease of the airways of the lungs. It is characterized by variable and recurring symptoms, reversible airflow obstruction, and easily triggered bronchospasms. Symptoms include episodes of wheezing, coughing, chest tightness, and shortness of breath. These may occur a few times a day or a few times per week. Depending on the person, they may become worse at night or with exercise.

Meyer broke 24 American records and won 19 Amateur Athletic Union (AAU) national championships. In 1968, she won the James E. Sullivan Award. In 1969, she was named Associated Press Athlete of the Year. She was named Swimming World's World Swimmer of the Year in 1967, 1968 and 1969. In 1972, Meyer retired from competitive swimming. She was inducted into the International Swimming Hall of Fame in 1977, and the United States Olympic Hall of Fame in 1986. [5] [4]

Amateur Athletic Union US nonprofit athletic organization

The Amateur Athletic Union (AAU) is an amateur sports organization based in the United States. A multi-sport organization, the AAU is dedicated exclusively to the promotion and development of amateur sports and physical fitness programs. It has more than 700,000 members nationwide, including more than 100,000 volunteers.

The AAU James E. Sullivan Award, presented by the Amateur Athletic Union (AAU), is awarded annually in April to "the most outstanding amateur athlete in the United States". Representatives from the AAU created the AAU Sullivan Award with the intent to recognize amateur contributions and achievements from non-professional athletes across the country.

The first Athlete of the Year award in the United States was initiated by the Associated Press (AP) in 1931. At a time when women in sports were not given the same recognition as men, the AP offered a male and a female athlete of the year award to either a professional or amateur athlete. The awards are voted on annually by a panel of AP sports editors from across the United States. A large majority of the winners have been Americans. However, non-Americans are also eligible for the honor, and have won on a few occasions.

On July 5, 2004, Meyer was inducted into the American National High School Hall of Fame. Meyer uses the custom California automobile license plate "3GOLD68".

National High School Hall of Fame

The National High School Hall of Fame is a program of the National Federation of State High School Associations (NFHS) that honors individuals who have made outstanding contributions to high school sports or performing arts. As of 2019, a total of 482 individuals have been inducted since the first class in 1982. Because there is a huge pool of potential candidates, it is considered a very exclusive hall of fame.

Meyer is married to Bill Weber. She owns the Debbie Meyer Swim School in Carmichael, California. [2] According to the business website, Meyer has taught swimming in the area around Sacramento, since the 1970s, and she opened her own school in 1993. Along with teaching both children and adults to be safe in the water Meyer is coaching the Truckee Tahoe Swim Team in Truckee, California.

Carmichael, California Census designated place in California, United States

Carmichael is a census-designated place (CDP) in Sacramento County, California, United States. It is a suburb in the Greater Sacramento metropolitan area. The population was 61,762 at the 2010 census.

Truckee, California Town in California in the United States

Truckee is an incorporated town in Nevada County, California, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 16,180, reflecting an increase of 2,316 from the 13,864 counted in the 2000 Census.

Meyer has a daughter, son, and step-daughter.

See also

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References

  1. "Ahead of Her Time Debbie Meyer Didn't Cash in on Olympic Success, But She's a Hall of Famer," The Sacramento Bee (September 20, 1987). Retrieved November 29, 2007.
  2. 1 2 3 Sports-Reference.com, Olympic Sports, Athletes, Debbie Meyer Archived November 13, 2012, at the Wayback Machine . Retrieved September 8, 2015.
  3. "Katie Ledecky Smashes World Record in the 800-Meter Freestyle," The New York Times (August 12, 2016). Retrieved August 12, 2016.
  4. 1 2 International Swimming Hall of Fame, Honorees, Debbie Meyer (USA). Retrieved September 8, 2015.
  5. U.S. Olympic Team, U.S. Olympic Hall of Fame Class of 1986. Archived November 2, 2007; retrieved March 20, 2015.


Records
Preceded by

Sharon Finneran
Women's 800-meter freestyle
world record-holder (long course)

July 9, 1967 – March 1, 1970
Succeeded by

Karen Moras
Preceded by

Patty Caretto
Women's 1,500-meter freestyle
world record-holder (long course)

July 9, 1967 – December 12, 1971
Succeeded by

Shane Gould
Preceded by

Pam Kruse
Women's 400-meter freestyle
world record-holder (long course)

July 27, 1967 – April 30, 1971
Succeeded by

Karen Moras
Preceded by

Linda Gustavson
Women's 200-meter freestyle
world record-holder (long course)

August 24, 1968 – May 1, 1971
Succeeded by

Shane Gould
Awards
Preceded by
Claudia Kolb
Swimming World
World Swimmer of the Year

1967, 1968, 1969
Succeeded by
Alice Jones
Preceded by
Peggy Fleming
Associated Press
Female Athlete of the Year

1969
Succeeded by
Chi Cheng
Preceded by
Randy Matson
James E. Sullivan Award
1968
Succeeded by
Bill Toomey