Division of Robertson

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Robertson
Australian House of Representatives Division
Division of ROBERTSON 2016.png
Division of Robertson in New South Wales, as of the 2016 federal election.
Created1901
MP Lucy Wicks
Party Liberal
Namesake Sir John Robertson
Electors 111,255 (2019)
Area980 km2 (378.4 sq mi)
DemographicProvincial

The Division of Robertson is an Australian electoral division in the state of New South Wales.

Divisions of the Australian House of Representatives federal electorates in Australia

In Australia, electoral districts for the Australian House of Representatives are called divisions or more commonly referred to as electorates or seats. There are currently 151 single-member electorates for the Australian House of Representatives.

States and territories of Australia first-level subdivision of Australia

Government in the Commonwealth of Australia is exercised on three levels: federal, states and territories, and local government.

New South Wales State of Australia

New South Wales is a state on the east coast of Australia. It borders Queensland to the north, Victoria to the south, and South Australia to the west. Its coast borders the Tasman Sea to the east. The Australian Capital Territory is an enclave within the state. New South Wales' state capital is Sydney, which is also Australia's most populous city. In March 2019, the population of New South Wales was over 8 million, making it Australia's most populous state. Just under two-thirds of the state's population, 5.1 million, live in the Greater Sydney area. Inhabitants of New South Wales are referred to as New South Welshmen.

Contents

History

Sir John Robertson, the division's namesake Sir John Robertson.jpg
Sir John Robertson, the division's namesake

The division was proclaimed in 1900, and was one of the original 65 divisions to be contested at the first federal election. The division was named after Sir John Robertson, the fifth Premier of New South Wales.

1901 Australian federal election

The 1901 Australian federal election for the inaugural Parliament of Australia was held in Australia on Friday 29 March and Saturday 30 March 1901. The elections followed Federation and the establishment of the Commonwealth of Australia on 1 January 1901. All 75 seats in the Australian House of Representatives, six of which were uncontested, as well as all 36 seats in the Australian Senate, were up for election.

Premier of New South Wales head of government for the state of New South Wales, Australia

The Premier of New South Wales is the head of government in the state of New South Wales, Australia. The Government of New South Wales follows the Westminster system, with a Parliament of New South Wales acting as the legislature. The Premier is appointed by the Governor of New South Wales, and by modern convention holds office by virtue of his or her ability to command the support of a majority of members of the lower house of Parliament, the Legislative Assembly.

Originally, Robertson was anchored in rural central NSW, encompassing the area around Dubbo, Mudgee and Wellington. It moved eastward to take in Gosford in 1913, and since then it has been moved further eastward in successive redistributions. By 1969, it had moved to approximately its current position on the Central Coast, immediately north of the Hawkesbury River, and now includes none of its original territory. Nonetheless, it has retained the name of Robertson, in part because the Australian Electoral Commission is required to preserve the names of original electorates where possible. [1]

Wellington, New South Wales Town in New South Wales, Australia

Wellington is a town in inland New South Wales, Australia, located at the junction of the Macquarie and Bell Rivers. It is within the local government area of Dubbo Regional Council. The town is 362 kilometres (225 mi) from Sydney on the Great Western Highway and Mitchell Highway.

Central Coast (New South Wales) City in New South Wales, Australia

The City of Central Coast, a peri-urban region in the Australian state of New South Wales (NSW), lies on the Tasman Sea coast on the northern outskirts of Sydney and south of Lake Macquarie.

Hawkesbury River river in New South Wales, Australia

The Hawkesbury River, is a semi–mature tide dominated drowned valley estuary located to the west and north of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. The Hawkesbury River and its associated main tributary, the Nepean River, virtually encircle the metropolitan region of Sydney.

It encompasses the towns of Woy Woy, Gosford and Terrigal.

Woy Woy, New South Wales Suburb of Central Coast, New South Wales, Australia

Woy Woy is a coastal town and a southern suburb of the Central Coast region of New South Wales, Australia, located on the southern reaches of Brisbane Water 79 km (49 mi) north of Sydney. It is an important population centre within the Central Coast Council local government area.

Terrigal, New South Wales Suburb of Central Coast, New South Wales, Australia

Terrigal is a major coastal suburb of the Central Coast region of New South Wales, Australia, located 12 kilometres (7 mi) east of Gosford on the Pacific Ocean. It is part of the Central Coast Council local government area.

Two of its members have served as Senators prior or subsequent to their tenures on Robertson. Former Senator Belinda Neal was elected in Robertson in 2007 and Deborah O'Neill became a Senator shortly after losing Robertson in 2013.

In recent years, Robertson has been a bellwether electorate in federal elections, taking on a character similar to mortgage belt seats on Sydney's outer fringe. It has been held by a member of the party of government since the 1983 federal election. In addition, after Mike Kelly became the first opposition MP elected to represent Eden-Monaro since 1975, Robertson currently holds the record for the longest-running bellwether seat in Australia.

A bellwether is an individual who either leads or indicates trends; a trendsetter.

The Mortgage belt is a term used in Australian politics to signify residential suburbs which have a high concentration of families mortgaging their homes.

Sydney Metropolis in Australia

Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia and Oceania. Located on Australia's east coast, the metropolis surrounds Port Jackson and extends about 70 km (43.5 mi) on its periphery towards the Blue Mountains to the west, Hawkesbury to the north, the Royal National Park to the south and Macarthur to the south-west. Sydney is made up of 658 suburbs, 40 local government areas and 15 contiguous regions. Residents of the city are known as "Sydneysiders". As of June 2017, Sydney's estimated metropolitan population was 5,230,330 and is home to approximately 65% of the state's population.

The current Member for Robertson, since the 2013 federal election, is Lucy Wicks, a member of the Liberal Party of Australia.

2013 Australian federal election Election held on 7 September 2013

The 2013 Australianfederal election to elect the members of the 44th Parliament of Australia took place on 7 September 2013. The centre-right Liberal/National Coalition opposition led by Opposition leader Tony Abbott of the Liberal Party of Australia and Coalition partner the National Party of Australia, led by Warren Truss, defeated the incumbent centre-left Labor Party government of Prime Minister Kevin Rudd by a 17-seat 3.6 percentage point two-party swing resulting in a landslide win for the Coalition. Labor had been in government for 6 years since first being elected in the 2007 election .This election marked the end of the 6 year Rudd-Gillard Labor government and the start of the current Abbott-Turnbull-Morrison Liberal-National Coalition government. Abbott was sworn in by the Governor-General, Quentin Bryce, as Australia's 28th Prime Minister on 18 September 2013, along with the Abbott Ministry and the members of the House of Representatives. The 44th Parliament of Australia opened on 12 November 2013, which is taken to be the commencement of the term of members of the House of Representatives. The new senators were sworn in by the next Governor-General Peter Cosgrove on 7 July 2014, with their six-year terms commencing on 1 July.

Lucy Elizabeth Wicks is an Australian politician. She has been a Liberal member of the Australian House of Representatives, representing the Division of Robertson in New South Wales, since her election in September 2013.

Liberal Party of Australia Australian political party

The Liberal Party of Australia is a major centre-right political party in Australia, one of the two major parties in Australian politics, along with the centre-left Australian Labor Party (ALP). It was founded in 1944 as the successor to the United Australia Party (UAP).

The new bellwether

Ahead of the 2016 election, ABC psephologist Antony Green listed Robertson in his election guide as one of eleven which he classed as "bellwether" electorates. Prior to the 2016 election, the seat of Eden-Monaro was long regarded as Australia's most famous bellwether. From the 1972 election until the 2013 election – over 40 years – Eden-Monaro was won by the party that also won government. No longer the nation's famous bellwether seat after the Labor opposition won it at the 2016 election, the nation's new longest-running bellwether is Robertson – continually won by the party that won government since the 1983 election. [2]

Members

ImageMemberPartyTermNotes
  Henry Willis.jpg Henry Willis
(1860–1950)
Free Trade 29 March 1901
1906
Lost seat. Later elected to the New South Wales Legislative Assembly seat of Upper Hunter in 1910
  Anti-Socialist 1906 –
26 May 1909
  Commonwealth Liberal 26 May 1909 –
13 April 1910
  William Johnson.jpg William Johnson
(1871–1916)
Labor 13 April 1910
31 May 1913
Lost seat
  William Fleming.jpg William Fleming
(1874–1961)
Commonwealth Liberal 31 May 1913
17 February 1917
Previously held the New South Wales Legislative Assembly seat of Upper Hunter. Lost seat
  Nationalist 17 February 1917 –
March 1921
  Country March 1921 –
16 December 1922
  Sydney Gardner.jpg Sydney Gardner
(1884–1965)
Nationalist 16 December 1922
7 May 1931
Served as Chief Government Whip in the House under Lyons. Lost seat
  United Australia 7 May 1931 –
21 September 1940
  Eric Sydney Spooner (cropped).jpg Eric Spooner
(1891–1952)
United Australia 21 September 1940
21 August 1943
Previously held the New South Wales Legislative Assembly seat of Ryde. Served as minister under Menzies and Fadden. Lost seat
  Thomas Williams.jpg Thomas Williams
(1897–1992)
Labor 21 August 1943
10 December 1949
Lost seat
  Roger Levinge Dean.jpg Roger Dean
(1913–1998)
Liberal 10 December 1949
30 September 1964
Resigned in order to become Administrator of the Northern Territory
  WilliamBridges-Maxwell1965.jpg William Bridges-Maxwell
(1929–1992)
Liberal 5 December 1964
25 October 1969
Lost seat
  No image.svg Barry Cohen
(1935–2017)
Labor 25 October 1969
19 February 1990
Served as minister under Hawke. Retired
  No image.svg Frank Walker
(1942–2012)
Labor 24 March 1990
2 March 1996
Previously held the New South Wales Legislative Assembly seat of Georges River. Served as minister under Keating. Lost seat
  No image.svg Jim Lloyd
(1954–)
Liberal 2 March 1996
24 November 2007
Served as Chief Government Whip in the House under Howard. Served as minister under Howard. Lost seat
  No image.svg Belinda Neal
(1963–)
Labor 24 November 2007
19 July 2010
Previously a member of the Senate. Lost preselection and retired
  Deborah O'Neill - Portrait.jpg Deborah O'Neill
(1961–)
Labor 21 August 2010
7 September 2013
Lost seat. Later appointed to the Senate in 2013
  No image.svg Lucy Wicks
(1973–)
Liberal 7 September 2013
present
Incumbent

Election results

2019 Australian federal election: Robertson [3]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Lucy Wicks 45,01146.86+2.18
Labor Anne Charlton32,76134.10−4.33
Greens Cath Connor7,6017.91−0.44
Independent David Abrahams2,9153.03+3.03
United Australia Robert Marks2,7022.81+2.81
Animal Justice Sean Bremner Young2,0002.08+2.08
Sustainable Australia Judy Singer1,7191.79+1.79
Christian Democrats Fiona Stucken1,3521.41−1.25
Total formal votes96,06192.76−2.21
Informal votes7,4937.24+2.21
Turnout 103,55493.17+0.65
Two-party-preferred result
Liberal Lucy Wicks 52,10054.24+3.10
Labor Anne Charlton43,96145.76−3.10
Liberal hold Swing +3.10

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Politics of New South Wales

New South Wales politics takes place in context of bicameral parliamentary system. The main parties are the Liberal and National parties of the governing Coalition and the Australian Labor Party. Other minor political parties include the Greens, Shooters, Fishers and Farmers Party, the Christian Democratic Party, the One Nation, the Liberal Democratic Party and the Keep Sydney Open..

References

  1. "Guidelines for naming divisions". Australian Electoral Commission. 20 July 2011. Retrieved 30 March 2013.
  2. The Bellwether Contests: Antony Green ABC
  3. Robertson, NSW, Tally Room 2019, Australian Electoral Commission.

Coordinates: 33°22′55″S151°12′47″E / 33.382°S 151.213°E / -33.382; 151.213