Australian House of Representatives Division
|Namesake||Sir John Robertson|
|Area||980 km2 (378.4 sq mi)|
The Division of Robertson is an Australian electoral division in the state of New South Wales.
In Australia, electoral districts for the Australian House of Representatives are called divisions or more commonly referred to as electorates or seats. There are currently 151 single-member electorates for the Australian House of Representatives.
Government in the Commonwealth of Australia is exercised on three levels: federal, states and territories, and local government.
New South Wales is a state on the east coast of Australia. It borders Queensland to the north, Victoria to the south, and South Australia to the west. Its coast borders the Tasman Sea to the east. The Australian Capital Territory is an enclave within the state. New South Wales' state capital is Sydney, which is also Australia's most populous city. In March 2019, the population of New South Wales was over 8 million, making it Australia's most populous state. Just under two-thirds of the state's population, 5.1 million, live in the Greater Sydney area. Inhabitants of New South Wales are referred to as New South Welshmen.
The division was proclaimed in 1900, and was one of the original 65 divisions to be contested at the first federal election. The division was named after Sir John Robertson, the fifth Premier of New South Wales.
The 1901 Australian federal election for the inaugural Parliament of Australia was held in Australia on Friday 29 March and Saturday 30 March 1901. The elections followed Federation and the establishment of the Commonwealth of Australia on 1 January 1901. All 75 seats in the Australian House of Representatives, six of which were uncontested, as well as all 36 seats in the Australian Senate, were up for election.
The Premier of New South Wales is the head of government in the state of New South Wales, Australia. The Government of New South Wales follows the Westminster system, with a Parliament of New South Wales acting as the legislature. The Premier is appointed by the Governor of New South Wales, and by modern convention holds office by virtue of his or her ability to command the support of a majority of members of the lower house of Parliament, the Legislative Assembly.
Originally, Robertson was anchored in rural central NSW, encompassing the area around Dubbo, Mudgee and Wellington. It moved eastward to take in Gosford in 1913, and since then it has been moved further eastward in successive redistributions. By 1969, it had moved to approximately its current position on the Central Coast, immediately north of the Hawkesbury River, and now includes none of its original territory. Nonetheless, it has retained the name of Robertson, in part because the Australian Electoral Commission is required to preserve the names of original electorates where possible.
Wellington is a town in inland New South Wales, Australia, located at the junction of the Macquarie and Bell Rivers. It is within the local government area of Dubbo Regional Council. The town is 362 kilometres (225 mi) from Sydney on the Great Western Highway and Mitchell Highway.
The City of Central Coast, a peri-urban region in the Australian state of New South Wales (NSW), lies on the Tasman Sea coast on the northern outskirts of Sydney and south of Lake Macquarie.
The Hawkesbury River, is a semi–mature tide dominated drowned valley estuary located to the west and north of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. The Hawkesbury River and its associated main tributary, the Nepean River, virtually encircle the metropolitan region of Sydney.
It encompasses the towns of Woy Woy, Gosford and Terrigal.
Woy Woy is a coastal town and a southern suburb of the Central Coast region of New South Wales, Australia, located on the southern reaches of Brisbane Water 79 km (49 mi) north of Sydney. It is an important population centre within the Central Coast Council local government area.
Terrigal is a major coastal suburb of the Central Coast region of New South Wales, Australia, located 12 kilometres (7 mi) east of Gosford on the Pacific Ocean. It is part of the Central Coast Council local government area.
Two of its members have served as Senators prior or subsequent to their tenures on Robertson. Former Senator Belinda Neal was elected in Robertson in 2007 and Deborah O'Neill became a Senator shortly after losing Robertson in 2013.
In recent years, Robertson has been a bellwether electorate in federal elections, taking on a character similar to mortgage belt seats on Sydney's outer fringe. It has been held by a member of the party of government since the 1983 federal election. In addition, after Mike Kelly became the first opposition MP elected to represent Eden-Monaro since 1975, Robertson currently holds the record for the longest-running bellwether seat in Australia.
A bellwether is an individual who either leads or indicates trends; a trendsetter.
The Mortgage belt is a term used in Australian politics to signify residential suburbs which have a high concentration of families mortgaging their homes.
Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia and Oceania. Located on Australia's east coast, the metropolis surrounds Port Jackson and extends about 70 km (43.5 mi) on its periphery towards the Blue Mountains to the west, Hawkesbury to the north, the Royal National Park to the south and Macarthur to the south-west. Sydney is made up of 658 suburbs, 40 local government areas and 15 contiguous regions. Residents of the city are known as "Sydneysiders". As of June 2017, Sydney's estimated metropolitan population was 5,230,330 and is home to approximately 65% of the state's population.
The current Member for Robertson, since the 2013 federal election, is Lucy Wicks, a member of the Liberal Party of Australia.
The 2013 Australianfederal election to elect the members of the 44th Parliament of Australia took place on 7 September 2013. The centre-right Liberal/National Coalition opposition led by Opposition leader Tony Abbott of the Liberal Party of Australia and Coalition partner the National Party of Australia, led by Warren Truss, defeated the incumbent centre-left Labor Party government of Prime Minister Kevin Rudd by a 17-seat 3.6 percentage point two-party swing resulting in a landslide win for the Coalition. Labor had been in government for 6 years since first being elected in the 2007 election .This election marked the end of the 6 year Rudd-Gillard Labor government and the start of the current Abbott-Turnbull-Morrison Liberal-National Coalition government. Abbott was sworn in by the Governor-General, Quentin Bryce, as Australia's 28th Prime Minister on 18 September 2013, along with the Abbott Ministry and the members of the House of Representatives. The 44th Parliament of Australia opened on 12 November 2013, which is taken to be the commencement of the term of members of the House of Representatives. The new senators were sworn in by the next Governor-General Peter Cosgrove on 7 July 2014, with their six-year terms commencing on 1 July.
Lucy Elizabeth Wicks is an Australian politician. She has been a Liberal member of the Australian House of Representatives, representing the Division of Robertson in New South Wales, since her election in September 2013.
The Liberal Party of Australia is a major centre-right political party in Australia, one of the two major parties in Australian politics, along with the centre-left Australian Labor Party (ALP). It was founded in 1944 as the successor to the United Australia Party (UAP).
Ahead of the 2016 election, ABC psephologist Antony Green listed Robertson in his election guide as one of eleven which he classed as "bellwether" electorates. Prior to the 2016 election, the seat of Eden-Monaro was long regarded as Australia's most famous bellwether. From the 1972 election until the 2013 election – over 40 years – Eden-Monaro was won by the party that also won government. No longer the nation's famous bellwether seat after the Labor opposition won it at the 2016 election, the nation's new longest-running bellwether is Robertson – continually won by the party that won government since the 1983 election.
| Henry Willis |
|Free Trade|| 29 March 1901 –|
|Lost seat. Later elected to the New South Wales Legislative Assembly seat of Upper Hunter in 1910|
26 May 1909
|Commonwealth Liberal||26 May 1909 –|
13 April 1910
| William Johnson |
|Labor|| 13 April 1910 –|
31 May 1913
| William Fleming |
|Commonwealth Liberal|| 31 May 1913 –|
17 February 1917
|Previously held the New South Wales Legislative Assembly seat of Upper Hunter. Lost seat|
|Nationalist||17 February 1917 –|
|Country||March 1921 –|
16 December 1922
| Sydney Gardner |
|Nationalist|| 16 December 1922 –|
7 May 1931
|Served as Chief Government Whip in the House under Lyons. Lost seat|
|United Australia||7 May 1931 –|
21 September 1940
| Eric Spooner |
|United Australia|| 21 September 1940 –|
21 August 1943
|Previously held the New South Wales Legislative Assembly seat of Ryde. Served as minister under Menzies and Fadden. Lost seat|
| Thomas Williams |
|Labor|| 21 August 1943 –|
10 December 1949
| Roger Dean |
|Liberal|| 10 December 1949 –|
30 September 1964
|Resigned in order to become Administrator of the Northern Territory|
| William Bridges-Maxwell |
|Liberal|| 5 December 1964 –|
25 October 1969
| Barry Cohen |
|Labor|| 25 October 1969 –|
19 February 1990
|Served as minister under Hawke. Retired|
| Frank Walker |
|Labor|| 24 March 1990 –|
2 March 1996
|Previously held the New South Wales Legislative Assembly seat of Georges River. Served as minister under Keating. Lost seat|
| Jim Lloyd |
|Liberal|| 2 March 1996 –|
24 November 2007
|Served as Chief Government Whip in the House under Howard. Served as minister under Howard. Lost seat|
| Belinda Neal |
|Labor|| 24 November 2007 –|
19 July 2010
|Previously a member of the Senate. Lost preselection and retired|
| Deborah O'Neill |
|Labor|| 21 August 2010 –|
7 September 2013
|Lost seat. Later appointed to the Senate in 2013|
| Lucy Wicks |
|Liberal|| 7 September 2013 –|
|United Australia||Robert Marks||2,702||2.81||+2.81|
|Animal Justice||Sean Bremner Young||2,000||2.08||+2.08|
|Sustainable Australia||Judy Singer||1,719||1.79||+1.79|
|Christian Democrats||Fiona Stucken||1,352||1.41||−1.25|
|Total formal votes||96,061||92.76||−2.21|
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New South Wales politics takes place in context of bicameral parliamentary system. The main parties are the Liberal and National parties of the governing Coalition and the Australian Labor Party. Other minor political parties include the Greens, Shooters, Fishers and Farmers Party, the Christian Democratic Party, the One Nation, the Liberal Democratic Party and the Keep Sydney Open..