Australian House of Representatives Division
|Area||57 km2 (22.0 sq mi)|
The Division of Parramatta is an Australian electoral division in the state of New South Wales. The division was created in 1900 and was one of the original 65 divisions contested at the first federal election. It is named for the locality of Parramatta. The name Parramatta has been sourced to an Aboriginal word for the area. The Darug people had lived in the area for many generations, and regarded the area as a food bowl, rich in food from the river and forests. They called the area Baramada or Burramatta ('Parramatta') which means "the place where the eels lie down".
In Australia, electoral districts for the Australian House of Representatives are called divisions or more commonly referred to as electorates or seats. There are currently 151 single-member electorates for the Australian House of Representatives.
Government in the Commonwealth of Australia is exercised on three levels: federal, states and territories, and local government.
New South Wales is a state on the east coast of Australia. It borders Queensland to the north, Victoria to the south, and South Australia to the west. Its coast borders the Tasman Sea to the east. The Australian Capital Territory is an enclave within the state. New South Wales' state capital is Sydney, which is also Australia's most populous city. In March 2019, the population of New South Wales was over 8 million, making it Australia's most populous state. Just under two-thirds of the state's population, 5.1 million, live in the Greater Sydney area. Inhabitants of New South Wales are referred to as New South Welshmen.
The division is based in the western suburbs of Sydney. Besides Parramatta, it includes Camellia, Clyde, Constitution Hill, Dundas Valley, Granville, Harris Park, Holroyd, Mays Hill, North Parramatta, Oatlands, Rosehill, Rydalmere, Telopea, Wentworthville, Westmead; and parts of Carlingford, Dundas, Ermington, Guildford, Merrylands, North Rocks, Northmead, Old Toongabbie, Pendle Hill, South Granville, South Wentworthville, and Toongabbie.
Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia and Oceania. Located on Australia's east coast, the metropolis surrounds Port Jackson and extends about 70 km (43.5 mi) on its periphery towards the Blue Mountains to the west, Hawkesbury to the north, the Royal National Park to the south and Macarthur to the south-west. Sydney is made up of 658 suburbs, 40 local government areas and 15 contiguous regions. Residents of the city are known as "Sydneysiders". As of June 2017, Sydney's estimated metropolitan population was 5,230,330 and is home to approximately 65% of the state's population.
Camellia is a post industrial suburb of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. It began brownfields remediation in late 2015, and is ear-marked as a major centre for high density living.
Clyde is a suburb of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Clyde is located 21 kilometres west of the Sydney central business district in the local government area of the City of Parramatta. Clyde is part of the Greater Western Sydney region.
The current Member for the Division of Parramatta, since the 2004 federal election, is Julie Owens, a member of the Australian Labor Party.
The 2004 Australian federal election was held in Australia on 9 October 2004. All 150 seats in the House of Representatives and 40 seats in the 76-member Senate were up for election. The incumbent Liberal Party of Australia led by Prime Minister of Australia John Howard and coalition partner the National Party of Australia led by John Anderson defeated the opposition Australian Labor Party led by Mark Latham.
Julie Ann Owens is an Australian politician who has been an Australian Labor Party member of the Australian House of Representatives since October 2004, representing the Division of Parramatta, New South Wales.
The Australian Labor Party is a major centre-left political party in Australia. The party has been in opposition at the federal level since the 2013 election. The party is a federal party with branches in each state and territory. Labor is in government in the states of Victoria, Queensland, Western Australia, and in both the Australian Capital Territory and Northern Territory. The party competes against the Liberal/National Coalition for political office at the federal and state levels. It is the oldest political party in Australia.
As originally created, it covered the outer northwestern suburbs of Sydney, though that city's dramatic growth made it an entirely urban seat after World War II. For most of the first seven decades after Federation, it included a large amount of conservative-leaning territory that usually swamped Parramatta itself, which has historically been a working-class area. As a result, the seat was held by the Liberals and their predecessors for all but one term from Federation until 1977.
World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries. The major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 70 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China. It included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, and the only use of nuclear weapons in war.
The Liberal Party of Australia is a major centre-right political party in Australia, one of the two major parties in Australian politics, along with the centre-left Australian Labor Party (ALP). It was founded in 1944 as the successor to the United Australia Party (UAP).
A redistribution ahead of the 1977 election split Parramatta almost in half. Most of the wealthier eastern half became the comfortably safe Liberal seat of Dundas. Most of the western half, including the bulk of the Parramatta LGA, became the core of a marginal Labor seat that retained the Parramatta name, as per Australian Electoral Commission guidelines that require the names of original Federation electorates to be preserved where possible.However, the reconfigured Parramatta was anchored in traditionally pro-Labor territory in western Sydney. Parramatta's Liberal incumbent, Phillip Ruddock, opted to follow most of his base into Dundas, allowing his 1975 challenger, John Brown to become only the second Labor member ever to win Parramatta.
In Australia, a redistribution is the process of redrawing the boundaries of electoral divisions to reflect changes in population and changes in the number of representatives. The Australian Electoral Commission, an independent statutory authority, oversees the redistribution process for federal elections, taking into account many factors. Politicians, political parties and the public may make submissions to the AEC on proposed new boundaries, but any interference with their deliberations is considered a serious offence.
The 1977 Australian federal election was held in Australia on 10 December 1977. All 124 seats in the House of Representatives and 34 of the 64 seats in the Senate were up for election.
The Division of Dundas was an Australian Electoral Division in New South Wales. The division was created in 1977 and abolished in 1993. It was named for the Sydney suburb of Dundas, which was in turn named for Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville, who was British Home Secretary 1791–94. It was located in the northern suburbs of Sydney, including Carlingford, Eastwood and Epping. For its entire existence, it was a safe seat for the Liberal Party.
Since then, it has been located between Labor's traditional heartland of western Sydney and the traditional Liberal stronghold of the North Shore. As a result, whenever the seat is redistributed, a shift of a few kilometres to the west or east can radically alter its political landscape.
The North Shore refers to a group of suburbs north of Sydney Central Business District in New South Wales, Australia. The term generally refers to the suburbs located on the northern side of Sydney Harbour up to and including Hornsby and between Middle Harbour and the Lane Cove River.
Most recently, the 2006 redistribution shifted Parramatta from marginally Labor to notionally marginally Liberal (as defined by the Australian Electoral Commission). Nevertheless, as was widely expectedat the 2007 federal election, the incumbent Labor member, Julie Owens, held the seat ahead of Liberal candidate Colin Robinson, a member of the Electrical Trades Union, with an increased majority.
Owens has subsequently been re-elected at the 2010, 2013, 2016 elections, and 2019. Owens' win in the seat in 2004 marked the first time that the Liberals and their predecessors had won government without also winning Parramatta.
Prominent members of Parramatta over the years have included (Sir) Joseph Cook, a former Prime Minister; (Sir) Garfield Barwick and Nigel Bowen, both of whom served as Attorney-General before moving to senior judicial position, Barwick as Chief Justice of the High Court. Ruddock, a former Attorney-General and Immigration Minister also represented the seat (though he was the member for Berowra by then); as did Brown, a former Sports Minister.
| (Sir) Joseph Cook |
|Free Trade|| 30 March 1901 –|
|Previously held the New South Wales Legislative Assembly seat of Hartley. Served as Opposition Leader from 1908 to 1909, in 1913, and from 1914 to 1917. Served as minister under Deakin and Hughes. Served as Prime Minister from 1913 to 1914. Resigned in order to become the High Commissioner to the United Kingdom|
26 May 1909
|Commonwealth Liberal||26 May 1909 –|
17 February 1917
|Nationalist||17 February 1917 –|
11 November 1921
| Herbert Pratten |
|Nationalist|| 10 December 1921 –|
16 December 1922
|Previously a member of the Senate. Transferred to the Division of Martin|
| Eric Bowden |
|Nationalist|| 16 December 1922 –|
12 October 1929
|Previously held the Division of Nepean. Served as minister under Bruce. Lost seat|
| Albert Rowe |
|Labor|| 12 October 1929 –|
19 December 1931
| (Sir) Frederick Stewart |
|United Australia|| 19 December 1931 –|
21 February 1945
|Served as minister under Lyons, Menzies and Fadden. Retired|
|Liberal||21 February 1945 –|
16 August 1946
| Howard Beale |
|Liberal|| 28 September 1946 –|
10 February 1958
|Served as minister under Menzies. Resigned in order to become the Australian Ambassador to the United States.|
| Sir Garfield Barwick |
|Liberal|| 8 March 1958 –|
24 April 1964
|Served as minister under Menzies. Resigned in order to become Chief Justice of the High Court|
| Nigel Bowen |
|Liberal|| 20 June 1964 –|
11 July 1973
|Served as minister under Holt, McEwen, Gorton and McMahon. Resigned in order to become a Judge of the Supreme Court of New South Wales|
| Philip Ruddock |
|Liberal|| 22 September 1973 –|
10 December 1977
|Transferred to the Division of Dundas|
| John Brown |
|Labor|| 10 December 1977 –|
19 February 1990
|Served as minister under Hawke. Retired|
| Paul Elliott |
|Labor|| 24 March 1990 –|
2 March 1996
| Ross Cameron |
|Liberal|| 2 March 1996 –|
9 October 2004
| Julie Owens |
|Labor|| 9 October 2004 –|
|Christian Democrats||Asma Payara||2,526||2.98||−2.32|
|United Australia||Ganesh Loke||2,186||2.58||+2.58|
|Socialist Equality||Oscar Grenfell||702||0.83||+0.83|
|Total formal votes||84,670||91.63||+0.89|
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