|Namesake||William Charles Wentworth|
|Area||38 km2 (14.7 sq mi)|
The Division of Wentworth is an Australian electoral division in the state of New South Wales.
In Australia, electoral districts for the Australian House of Representatives are called divisions or more commonly referred to as electorates or seats. There are currently 151 single-member electorates for the Australian House of Representatives.
Government in the Commonwealth of Australia is exercised on three levels: federal, states and territories, and local government.
New South Wales is a state on the east coast of Australia. It borders Queensland to the north, Victoria to the south, and South Australia to the west. Its coast borders the Tasman Sea to the east. The Australian Capital Territory is an enclave within the state. New South Wales' state capital is Sydney, which is also Australia's most populous city. In March 2019, the population of New South Wales was over 8 million, making it Australia's most populous state. Just under two-thirds of the state's population, 5.1 million, live in the Greater Sydney area. Inhabitants of New South Wales are referred to as New South Welshmen.
The division was proclaimed in 1900 and was one of the original 65 divisions contested at the first federal election. The division is named after William Charles Wentworth (1790–1872), an Australian explorer and statesman. In 1813 he accompanied Blaxland and Lawson on their crossing of the Blue Mountains.
The 1901 Australian federal election for the inaugural Parliament of Australia was held in Australia on Friday 29 March and Saturday 30 March 1901. The elections followed Federation and the establishment of the Commonwealth of Australia on 1 January 1901. All 75 seats in the Australian House of Representatives, six of which were uncontested, as well as all 36 seats in the Australian Senate, were up for election.
William Charles Wentworth was an Australian explorer, journalist, politician and author, and one of the leading figures of early colonial New South Wales. He was the first native-born Australian to achieve a reputation overseas, and a leading advocate for self-government for the Australian colonies.
Gregory Blaxland was an English pioneer farmer and explorer in Australia, noted especially for initiating and co-leading the first successful crossing of the Blue Mountains by European settlers.
Historically considered a safe seat for the Liberal Party of Australia, Wentworth is one of only two original federation divisions in New South Wales, along with the Division of North Sydney, which have never been held by the Australian Labor Party, though Labor candidate Jessie Street came within 1.6 percent of winning Wentworth at the 1943 election landslide. The electorate is the nation's wealthiest, contains the nation's largest Jewish population and contains the nation's fifth-largest number of same-sex couples.
The Liberal Party of Australia is a major centre-right political party in Australia, one of the two major parties in Australian politics, along with the centre-left Australian Labor Party (ALP). It was founded in 1944 as the successor to the United Australia Party (UAP).
The Division of North Sydney is an Australian electoral division in the state of New South Wales.
The Australian Labor Party is a major centre-left political party in Australia. The party has been in opposition at the federal level since the 2013 election. The party is a federal party with branches in each state and territory. Labor is in government in the states of Victoria, Queensland, Western Australia, and in both the Australian Capital Territory and Northern Territory. The party competes against the Liberal/National Coalition for political office at the federal and state levels. It is the oldest political party in Australia.
Its most prominent members have included Eric Harrison, the inaugural Deputy of the Liberal Party; John Hewson and Malcolm Turnbull - both of whom served as Opposition Leaders whilst in their second terms as the MP for Wentworth. Turnbull would go on to become Prime Minister of Australia from September 2015 until August 2018.
Sir Eric John Harrison, was an Australian politician and diplomat. He was the inaugural deputy leader of the Liberal Party (1945–1956), and a government minister under four prime ministers. He was later High Commissioner to the United Kingdom from 1956 to 1964.
John Robert Hewson AM is a former Australian politician who served as leader of the Liberal Party from 1990 to 1994. He led the Coalition to defeat at the 1993 federal election.
Malcolm Bligh Turnbull is an Australian former politician who was the 29th Prime Minister of Australia from 2015 to 2018. He served twice as Leader of the Liberal Party, firstly from 2008 to 2009 when he was also Leader of the Opposition, and a second time from 2015 to 2018. He was the MP for Wentworth in the House of Representatives from 2004 to 2018.
In August 2018, a challenge by Peter Dutton led to two Liberal leadership spills. Following the second spill on 24 August 2018, Treasurer Scott Morrison defeated Dutton in a leadership ballot. Turnbull did not nominate as a candidate, and immediately resigned as Prime Minister. On 31 August 2018 Turnbull resigned from Parliament,triggering the 2018 Wentworth by-election, which was won by independent candidate Kerryn Phelps. Phelps lost her seat to Dave Sharma in a rematch on 18 May 2019. Consequently, this makes Phelps the shortest serving MP in history of the electorate.
Peter Craig Dutton is an Australian Liberal Party politician serving as Minister for Home Affairs since 2017, and has served as Member of Parliament (MP) for Dickson since 2001. Dutton served as Minister for Health and Sport from 2013 to 2014, and Minister for Immigration from 2014 to 2017 in the Abbott and Turnbull Government.
Scott John Morrison is an Australian politician who is the 30th and current Prime Minister of Australia and Leader of the Liberal Party since August 2018. He previously served in the Cabinet from 2013 to 2018, including as Treasurer of Australia. Morrison was first elected Member of Parliament (MP) for Cook in 2007. Ideologically, he identifies himself as a pragmatic conservative.
A by-election for the Australian House of Representatives seat of Wentworth took place on 20 October 2018 following the parliamentary resignation of the former Prime Minister of Australia and incumbent Liberal MP Malcolm Turnbull.
Wentworth is the richest electorate in Australia by a significant measure, conversely it is the second-smallest geographical electoral division in the Parliament with an area of just 38 square kilometres (15 sq mi), covering Woolloomooloo along the southern shore of Sydney Harbour to Watsons Bay and down the coast to Clovelly—an area largely coextensive with Sydney's Eastern Suburbs. The western boundary runs along Oxford Street, Flinders Street and South Dowling Street, then eastward along Alison Road to Randwick Racecourse and Clovelly Beach. It includes the suburbs of Bellevue Hill, Ben Buckler, Bondi, Bondi Beach, Bondi Junction, Bronte, Centennial Park, Darling Point, Double Bay, Dover Heights, Edgecliff, Moore Park, North Bondi, Paddington, Point Piper, Queens Park, Rose Bay, Rushcutters Bay, Tamarama, Vaucluse, Watsons Bay, Waverley, and Woollahra; as well as parts of Clovelly, Darlinghurst, East Sydney, Elizabeth Bay, Kings Cross, Potts Point, and Randwick.
Elizabeth Bay is a harbourside suburb in eastern Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Elizabeth Bay is located three kilometres east of the Sydney central business district and is part of the local government area of the City of Sydney.
Watsons Bay is a harbourside, eastern suburb of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Watsons Bay is located 11 km north-east of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of the Municipality of Woollahra.
Clovelly is a small beach-side suburb in Sydney's eastern suburbs, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Clovelly is located 8 kilometres south-east of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of the City of Randwick, within the Federal Division of Wentworth.
| Sir William McMillan |
|Free Trade|| 29 March 1901 –|
23 November 1903
|Previously held the New South Wales Legislative Assembly seat of Burwood. Retired|
| Willie Kelly |
|Free Trade|| 16 December 1903 –|
|Served as minister under Cook. Retired|
26 May 1909
|Commonwealth Liberal||26 May 1909 –|
17 February 1917
|Nationalist||17 February 1917 –|
3 November 1919
| Walter Marks |
|Nationalist|| 13 December 1919 –|
|Independent Nationalist||September 1929 –|
2 December 1929
|Australian||2 December 1929 –|
|Independent||September 1930 –|
7 May 1931
|United Australia||7 May 1931 –|
19 December 1931
| (Sir) Eric Harrison |
|United Australia|| 19 December 1931 –|
21 February 1945
|First Deputy Liberal leader 1944-56. Served as minister under Lyons, Page, Menzies and Fadden. Resigned in order to become the High Commissioner to the United Kingdom|
|Liberal||21 February 1945 –|
17 October 1956
| Les Bury |
|Liberal|| 8 December 1956 –|
11 April 1974
|Served as minister under Menzies, Holt, McEwen, Gorton and McMahon. Lost preselection and retired|
| Bob Ellicott |
|Liberal|| 18 May 1974 –|
17 February 1981
|Served as minister under Fraser. Resigned in order to become a judge on the Federal Court|
| Peter Coleman |
|Liberal|| 11 April 1981 –|
5 June 1987
|Previously held the New South Wales Legislative Assembly seat of Fuller and was State Opposition Leader. Retired|
| John Hewson |
|Liberal|| 11 July 1987 –|
28 February 1995
|Served as Opposition Leader from 1990 to 1994. Resigned in order to retire from politics|
| Andrew Thomson |
|Liberal|| 8 April 1995 –|
8 October 2001
|Served as minister under Howard. Lost preselection and retired|
| Peter King |
|Liberal|| 10 November 2001 –|
|Lost preselection and then lost seat|
9 October 2004
| Malcolm Turnbull |
|Liberal|| 9 October 2004 –|
31 August 2018
|Served as minister under Howard and Abbott. Served as Opposition Leader from 2008 to 2009. Served as Prime Minister from 2015 to 2018. Resigned in order to retire from politics|
| Kerryn Phelps |
|Independent|| 20 October 2018 –|
18 May 2019
| Dave Sharma |
|Liberal|| 18 May 2019 –|
|Greens||Dominic Wy Kanak||6,759||7.53||−7.33|
|United Australia||Michael Bloomfield||625||0.70||+0.70|
|Christian Democrats||Paul Treacy||346||0.39||−0.68|
|Total formal votes||89,754||97.01||+2.14|
|Liberal gain from Independent||Swing||N/A|
Peter Edward King, Australian politician, was a Liberal Party of Australia member of the Australian House of Representatives from November 2001 to October 2004, representing the seat of Wentworth, New South Wales. King is also a barrister and an author.
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