All 75 seats in the House of Representatives
38 seats were needed for a majority in the House
19 (of the 36) seats in the Senate
Popular vote by state with graphs indicating the number of seats won. As this is an IRV election, seat totals are not determined by popular vote by state but instead via results in each electorate.
The 1922 Australian federal election was held in Australia on 16 December 1922. All 75 seats in the House of Representatives, and 19 of the 36 seats in the Senate were up for election. The incumbent Nationalist Party, led by Prime Minister Billy Hughes lost its majority. However, the opposition Labor Party led by Matthew Charlton did not take office as the Nationalists sought a coalition with the fledgling Country Party led by Earle Page. The Country Party made Hughes's resignation the price for joining, and Hughes was replaced as Nationalist leader by Stanley Bruce.
Future Prime Minister Frank Forde and future opposition leader John Latham both entered parliament at this election.
At this election, Hughes as the sitting prime minister made his second seat transfer, in this case, from Bendigo to North Sydney. Hughes had held Bendigo since transferring there from West Sydney at the 1917 election also as the sitting prime minister.
Hughes remains the only sitting Prime Minister to transfer to another seat, not once but twice.
Aside from the 1917 and 1922 elections, all other elections have seen the sitting prime minister recontest the seat that they held prior to the election.
|Party||Votes||%||Swing||Seats Won||Seats Held||Change|
|Adelaide, SA||Nationalist||Reginald Blundell||0.8||8.0||3.6||George Edwin Yates||Labor|
|Balaclava, Vic||Nationalist||William Watt||N/A||100.0||100.0||William Watt||Liberal|
|Barker, SA||Nationalist||John Livingston||N/A||N/A||2.3||Malcolm Cameron||Liberal|
|Barton, NSW||Nationalist||notional - new seat||N/A||13.8||7.6||Frederick McDonald||Labor|
|Boothby, SA||Nationalist||William Story||N/A||N/A||4.7||Jack Duncan-Hughes||Liberal|
|Calare, NSW||Labor||Thomas Lavelle||2.3||8.5||5.3||Neville Howse||Nationalist|
|Darwin, Tas||Nationalist||George Bell||4.0||N/A||0.4||Joshua Whitsitt||Country|
|Denison, Tas||Nationalist||William Laird Smith||3.9||4.3||0.4||David O'Keefe||Labor|
|Fremantle, WA||Nationalist||Reginald Burchell||N/A||56.9||6.9||William Watson||Independent|
|Gippsland, Vic||Nationalist||George Wise||5.2||18.1||12.9||Thomas Paterson||Country|
|Grey, SA||Nationalist||Alexander Poynton||1.8||5.5||3.7||Andrew Lacey||Labor|
|Henty, Vic||Independent||Frederick Francis||2.9||8.7||5.8||Frederick Francis||Nationalist|
|Kalgoorlie, WA||Nationalist||George Foley||1.4||7.1||7.4||Albert Green||Labor|
|Kooyong, Vic||Nationalist||Robert Best||14.3||14.9||0.6||John Latham||Liberal|
|Macquarie, NSW||Labor||Samuel Nicholls||3.2||0.6||0.2||Arthur Manning||Nationalist|
|New England, NSW||Nationalist||Alexander Hay*||7.3||N/A||8.5||Victor Thompson||Country|
|Northern Territory, NT||new division||0.4||H. G. Nelson||Labor|
|Richmond, NSW||Nationalist||Walter Massy-Greene||22.5||24.0||3.3||Roland Green||Country|
|Riverina, NSW||Nationalist||John Chanter||N/A||54.3||4.3||William Killen||Country|
|Wakefield, SA||Nationalist||Richard Foster||N/A||N/A||5.3||Richard Foster||Liberal|
|Wannon, Vic||Nationalist||Arthur Rodgers||4.1||4.9||0.8||John McNeill||Labor|
|Wilmot, Tas||Nationalist||Llewellyn Atkinson||10.2||N/A||11.2||Llewellyn Atkinson||Country|
|Macquarie (NSW)||Neville Howse||NAT||00.2|
|Darwin (Tas)||Joshua Whitsitt||CP||00.4 v NAT|
|Corio (Vic)||John Lister||NAT||00.8|
|Bendigo (Vic)||Geoffry Hurry||NAT||01.7|
|Herbert (Qld)||Fred Bamford||NAT||01.7|
|Brisbane (Qld)||Donald Cameron||NAT||02.0|
|Richmond (NSW)||Roland Green||CP||03.3|
|Oxley (Qld)||James Bayley||NAT||03.3|
|Bass (Tas)||Syd Jackson||NAT||03.6|
|Corangamite (Vic)||William Gibson||CP||03.9|
|Riverina (NSW)||William Killen||CP||04.3|
|Lang (NSW)||Elliot Johnson||NAT||04.4|
|Maranoa (Qld)||James Hunter||CP||04.4|
|Calare (NSW)||Neville Howse||NAT||05.3|
|Flinders (Vic)||Stanley Bruce||NAT||05.6 v LIB|
|Henty (Vic)||Frederick Francis||NAT||05.8 v NAT|
|Franklin (Tas)||Alfred Seabrook||NAT||06.3|
|Fawkner (Vic)||George Maxwell||NAT||08.0|
|North Sydney (NSW)||Billy Hughes||NAT||08.2 v Const.|
|New England (NSW)||Victor Thompson||CP||08.5|
|Darling Downs (Qld)||Littleton Groom||NAT||08.6|
|Perth (WA)||Edward Mann||NAT||08.9|
|Moreton (Qld)||Josiah Francis||NAT||09.5|
|Wide Bay (Qld)||Edward Corser||NAT||10.5|
|Eden-Monaro (NSW)||Austin Chapman||NAT||11.1|
|Wilmot (Tas)||Llewellyn Atkinson||CP||11.2|
|Robertson (NSW)||Sydney Gardner||NAT||11.8|
|Parkes (NSW)||Charles Marr||NAT||11.8|
|Wentworth (NSW)||Walter Marks||NAT||11.9|
|Gippsland (Vic)||Thomas Paterson||CP||12.9 v NAT|
|Indi (Vic)||Robert Cook||CP||13.2|
|Lilley (Qld)||George Mackay||NAT||15.2 v IND|
|Parramatta (NSW)||Eric Bowden||NAT||15.4|
|Cowper (NSW)||Earle Page||CP||17.3 v NAT|
|Echuca (Vic)||William Hill||CP||20.3 v NAT|
|Wimmera (Vic)||Percy Stewart||CP||21.2 v IND|
|Forrest (WA)||John Prowse||CP||29.5 v NAT|
|Martin (NSW)||Herbert Pratten||NAT||unopposed|
|Swan (WA)||Henry Gregory||CP||unopposed|
|Warringah (NSW)||Granville Ryrie||NAT||unopposed|
|Australian Labor Party and Liberal Party|
|Gwydir (NSW)||Lou Cunningham||ALP||00.1 v CP|
|Northern Territory (NT)||H. G. Nelson||ALP||00.4 v IND|
|Denison (Tas)||David O'Keefe||ALP||00.4|
|Kooyong (Vic)||John Latham||LIB||00.6 v NAT|
|Wannon (Vic)||John McNeill||ALP||00.8|
|Ballaarat (Vic)||Charles McGrath||ALP||01.7|
|Barker (SA)||Malcolm Cameron||LIB||02.3 v ALP|
|Capricornia (Qld)||Frank Forde||ALP||02.5|
|Batman (Vic)||Frank Brennan||ALP||03.3|
|Adelaide (SA)||George Edwin Yates||ALP||03.6 v LIB|
|Grey (SA)||Andrew Lacey||ALP||03.7|
|Werriwa (NSW)||Bert Lazzarini||ALP||03.9|
|Boothby (SA)||Jack Duncan-Hughes||LIB||04.7 v ALP|
|Hume (NSW)||Parker Moloney||ALP||04.9|
|Wakefield (SA)||Richard Foster||LIB||05.3 v ALP|
|Kalgoorlie (WA)||Albert Green||ALP||07.4|
|Barton (NSW)||Frederick McDonald||ALP||07.6|
|Angas (SA)||Moses Gabb||ALP||08.0 v LIB|
|Reid (NSW)||Percy Coleman||ALP||08.6|
|East Sydney (NSW)||John West||ALP||09.1|
|Kennedy (Qld)||Charles McDonald||ALP||11.6|
|South Sydney (NSW)||Edward Riley||ALP||11.7|
|Maribyrnong (Vic)||James Fenton||ALP||13.2|
|Darling (NSW)||Arthur Blakeley||ALP||15.1|
|Hindmarsh (SA)||Norman Makin||ALP||18.6|
|Newcastle (NSW)||David Watkins||ALP||19.4|
|Bourke (Vic)||Frank Anstey||ALP||20.1|
|Dalley (NSW)||William Mahony||ALP||20.9|
|Melbourne Ports (Vic)||James Mathews||ALP||23.1|
|Cook (NSW)||Edward Charles Riley||ALP||24.9|
|West Sydney (NSW)||William Lambert||ALP||25.4 v IND|
|Melbourne (Vic)||William Maloney||ALP||27.2|
|Yarra (Vic)||James Scullin||ALP||28.0|
|Balaclava (Vic)||William Watt||LIB||unopposed|
|Hunter (NSW)||Matthew Charlton||ALP||unopposed|
|Fremantle (WA)||William Watson||IND||06.9 v ALP|
The Nationalist Party was an Australian political party. It was formed on 17 February 1917 from a merger between the Commonwealth Liberal Party and the National Labor Party, the latter formed by Prime Minister Billy Hughes and his supporters after the 1916 Labor Party split over World War I conscription. The Nationalist Party was in government until electoral defeat in 1929. From that time it was the main opposition to the Labor Party until it merged with pro-Joseph Lyons Labor defectors to form the United Australia Party (UAP) in 1931. The party was a direct ancestor of the Liberal Party of Australia, the main centre-right party in Australia.
The Liberal–National Coalition, commonly known simply as the Coalition, is an alliance of centre-right political parties that forms one of the two major groupings in Australian federal politics. The two partners in the Coalition are the Liberal Party of Australia and the National Party of Australia. Its main opponent is the Australian Labor Party (ALP); the two forces are often regarded as operating in a two-party system. The Coalition has been in government since the 2013 federal election, most recently being re-elected in the 2019 Australian federal election. The group is led by Scott Morrison as Prime Minister of Australia since August 2018.
The Division of Bendigo is an Australian electoral division in the state of Victoria. The division was proclaimed in 1900, and was one of the original 65 divisions to be contested at the first federal election. It is named for the city of Bendigo.
The 1974 Australian federal election was held in Australia on 18 May 1974. All 127 seats in the House of Representatives and all 60 seats in the Senate were up for election, due to a double dissolution. The incumbent Labor Party led by Prime Minister Gough Whitlam defeated the opposition Liberal–Country coalition led by Billy Snedden. This marked the first time that a Labor leader won two consecutive elections.
The 1955 Australian federal election was held in Australia on 10 December 1955. All 122 seats in the House of Representatives and 30 of the 60 seats in the Senate were up for election. An early election was called to bring the House and Senate elections back in line; the previous election in 1954 had been House-only. The incumbent Liberal–Country coalition led by Prime Minister Robert Menzies increased its majority over the opposition Labor Party, led by H. V. Evatt.
The 1949 Australian federal election was held in Australia on 10 December 1949. All 121 seats in the House of Representatives and 42 of the 60 seats in the Senate were up for election. The incumbent Labor Party, led by Prime Minister Ben Chifley, was defeated by the opposition Liberal–Country coalition under Robert Menzies. Menzies became prime minister for a second time, his first period having ended in 1941. This election marked the end of the 8-year Curtin-Chifley Labor Government that had been in power since 1941 and started the 23-year Liberal/Country Coalition Government. This was the first time the Liberal party won government at the federal level.
The 1946 Australian federal election was held in Australia on 28 September 1946. All 74 seats in the House of Representatives and 19 of the 36 seats in the Senate were up for election. The incumbent Labor Party led by Prime Minister Ben Chifley defeated the opposition Liberal–Country coalition, led by Robert Menzies. It was the Liberal Party's first federal election since its creation. This was the first time the Labor party had won a second consecutive election. This was also the last time the Labor party would win a federal election until the 1972 election.
The 1940 Australian federal election was held in Australia on 21 September 1940. All 74 seats in the House of Representatives and 19 of the 36 seats in the Senate were up for election. The incumbent Coalition, consisting of the United Australia Party led by Prime Minister Robert Menzies and the Country Party led by Archie Cameron, defeated the opposition Labor Party under John Curtin despite losing the overall popular vote.
The 1937 Australian federal election was held in Australia on 23 October 1937. All 74 seats in the House of Representatives, and 19 of the 36 seats in the Senate were up for election. The incumbent UAP–Country coalition government, led by Prime Minister Joseph Lyons, defeated the opposition Labor Party under John Curtin.
The 1934 Australian federal election was held in Australia on 15 September 1934. All 74 seats in the House of Representatives, and 18 of the 36 seats in the Senate were up for election. The incumbent United Australia Party led by Prime Minister of Australia Joseph Lyons formed a minority government, with 33 out of 74 seats in the House.
The 1931 Australian federal election was held in Australia on 19 December 1931. All 75 seats in the House of Representatives and 18 of the 36 seats in the Senate were up for election.
The 1929 Australian federal election was held in Australia on 12 October 1929. All 75 seats in the House of Representatives were up for election, but there was no Senate election. The election was caused by the defeat of the Stanley Bruce-Earle Page Government in the House of Representatives over the Maritime Industries Bill, Bruce having declared that the vote on the bill would constitute a vote of confidence in his government.
The 1928 Australian federal election was held in Australia on 17 November 1928. All 75 seats in the House of Representatives and 19 of the 36 seats in the Senate were up for election. The incumbent Nationalist–Country coalition, led by Prime Minister Stanley Bruce won a record fifth consecutive election defeating the opposition Labor Party led by James Scullin.
The 1925 Australian federal election was held in Australia on 14 November 1925. All 75 seats in the House of Representatives and 22 of the 36 seats in the Senate were up for election. The incumbent Nationalist–Country coalition, led by Prime Minister Stanley Bruce, defeated the opposition Labor Party led by Matthew Charlton in a landslide. This was the first time any party had won a fourth consecutive federal election.
The 1919 Australian federal election was held on 13 December 1919 to elect members to the Parliament of Australia. All 75 seats in the House of Representatives and 19 of the 36 seats in the Senate were up for election. The incumbent Nationalist Party government won re-election, with Prime Minister Billy Hughes continuing in office.
The 1917 Australian federal election was held in Australia on 5 May 1917. All 75 seats in the House of Representatives and 18 of the 36 seats in the Senate were up for election. The incumbent Nationalist Party, led by Prime Minister Billy Hughes, defeated the opposition Labor Party led by Frank Tudor in a landslide.
This article provides information on candidates who stood for the 1917 Australian federal election. The election was held on 5 May 1917.
This article provides information on candidates who stood for the 1922 Australian federal election. The election was held on 16 December 1922.
This is a list of members of the Australian Senate from 1914 to 1917. The 5 September 1914 election was a double dissolution called by Prime Minister of Australia Joseph Cook in an attempt to gain control of the Senate. All 75 seats in the House of Representatives, and all 36 seats in the Senate were up for election. The incumbent Commonwealth Liberal Party was defeated by the opposition Australian Labor Party led by Andrew Fisher, who announced with the outbreak of World War I during the campaign that under a Labor Government, Australia would "stand beside the mother country to help and defend her to the last man and the last shilling."
The history of the Australian Labor Party has its origins in the Labour parties founded in the 1890s in the Australian colonies prior to federation. Labor tradition ascribes the founding of Queensland Labour to a meeting of striking pastoral workers under a ghost gum tree in Barcaldine, Queensland in 1891. The Balmain, New South Wales branch of the party claims to be the oldest in Australia. Labour as a parliamentary party dates from 1891 in New South Wales and South Australia, 1893 in Queensland, and later in the other colonies.