Division of Boothby

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Boothby
Australian House of Representatives Division
Division of Boothby 2019.png
Division of Boothby in South Australia, as of the 2019 federal election.
Created1903
MP Nicolle Flint
Party Liberal
Namesake William Boothby
Electors 123,969 (2019)
Area130 km2 (50.2 sq mi)
DemographicOuter Metropolitan

The Division of Boothby is an Australian electoral division in South Australia. The division was one of the seven established when the former Division of South Australia was redistributed on 2 October 1903 and is named after William Boothby (1829–1903), the Returning Officer for the first federal election. [1]

Divisions of the Australian House of Representatives federal electorates in Australia

In Australia, electoral districts for the Australian House of Representatives are called divisions or more commonly referred to as electorates or seats. There are currently 151 single-member electorates for the Australian House of Representatives.

South Australia State of Australia

South Australia is a state in the southern central part of Australia. It covers some of the most arid parts of the country. With a total land area of 983,482 square kilometres (379,725 sq mi), it is the fourth-largest of Australia's states and territories by area, and fifth largest by population. It has a total of 1.7 million people, and its population is the second most highly centralised in Australia, after Western Australia, with more than 77 percent of South Australians living in the capital, Adelaide, or its environs. Other population centres in the state are relatively small; Mount Gambier, the second largest centre, has a population of 28,684.

The Division of South Australia was an Australian electoral division covering South Australia. The seven-member statewide seat existed from the inaugural 1901 election until the 1903 election. Each elector cast seven votes. Unlike most of the other states, South Australia had not been split into individual single-member electorates. The other exception was the five-member Division of Tasmania. The statewide seats were abolished at a redistribution conducted two months prior to the 1903 election and were subsequently replaced with single-member divisions, one per displaced member, with each elector now casting a single vote.

Contents

At the 2016 federal election, the seat covered 130 km², extending from Clarence Gardens and Urrbrae in the north to Marino and part of Happy Valley in the south, including the suburbs of Aberfoyle Park, Belair, Blackwood, Brighton, Daw Park, Eden Hills, Flagstaff Hill, Marion, Mitcham, Seacliff, St Marys and Panorama.

2016 Australian federal election Election held on 2 July 2016

The 2016 Australian federal election was a double dissolution election held on Saturday 2 July to elect all 226 members of the 45th Parliament of Australia, after an extended eight-week official campaign period. It was the first double dissolution election since the 1987 election and the first under a new voting system for the Senate that replaced group voting tickets with optional preferential voting.

Clarence Gardens, South Australia Suburb of Adelaide, South Australia

Clarence Gardens is an inner southern suburb of Metropolitian Adelaide, South Australia in the City of Mitcham, 4.6 kilometres south of the City Centre.

Urrbrae, South Australia Suburb of Adelaide, South Australia

Urrbrae is a suburb of Adelaide, South Australia. It is located in the City of Mitcham.

History

William Boothby, the division's namesake William Boothby B8073.jpg
William Boothby, the division's namesake

Before 1949 and the creation of the Division of Sturt, Boothby covered most of the southern and eastern suburbs of Adelaide. For much of the first half-century after Federation, it was one of only three seats based on the capital, the others being Adelaide and Hindmarsh. The mostly rural seat of Barker was then considered a "hybrid urban-rural" seat, stretching all the way from the southern tip of South Australia at least as far as Glenelg and the Holdfast Bay area, and at times even stretched as far as the western metropolitan suburbs of Keswick and Henley Beach.

Division of Sturt Australian federal electoral division

The Division of Sturt is an Australian electoral division in South Australia. It was proclaimed at the South Australian redistribution of 11 May 1949. Sturt was named for Captain Charles Sturt, nineteenth century explorer.

Adelaide City in South Australia

Adelaide is the capital city of the state of South Australia, and the fifth-most populous city of Australia. The demonym Adelaidean is used to denote the city and its residents.

Division of Adelaide Australian federal electoral division

The Division of Adelaide is an Australian electoral division in South Australia and is named for the city of Adelaide, South Australia's capital.

For most of the first half-century after Federation, Boothby was a marginal seat that changed hands several times between the Liberal Party of Australia (and its predecessors) and the Australian Labor Party. The 1949 expansion of parliament saw parts of the southern portion transferred to the newly created Division of Kingston and parts of the eastern portion transferred to the newly created Sturt. This saw Boothby change from a marginal Labor seat on a 1.8 percent two-party margin to a marginal Liberal seat on a two percent two-party margin. However, as part of the massive Liberal victory in the 1949 election, the Liberals picked up a 9.3 percent two-party swing, turning it into a safe Liberal seat in one stroke. The Liberals have held the seat ever since, and for much of the next half-century it was a fairly safe to safe Liberal seat.

Liberal Party of Australia Australian political party

The Liberal Party of Australia is a major centre-right political party in Australia, one of the two major parties in Australian politics, along with the centre-left Australian Labor Party (ALP). It was founded in 1944 as the successor to the United Australia Party (UAP).

Australian Labor Party Political party in Australia

The Australian Labor Party is a major centre-left political party in Australia. The party has been in opposition at the federal level since the 2013 election. The party is a federal party with branches in each state and territory. Labor is in government in the states of Victoria, Queensland, Western Australia, and in both the Australian Capital Territory and Northern Territory. The party competes against the Liberal/National Coalition for political office at the federal and state levels. It is the oldest political party in Australia.

1949 Australian federal election

The 1949 Australian federal election was held in Australia on 10 December 1949. All 121 seats in the House of Representatives and 42 of the 60 seats in the Senate were up for election. The incumbent Labor Party, led by Prime Minister Ben Chifley, was defeated by the opposition Liberal–Country coalition under Robert Menzies. Menzies became prime minister for a second time, his first term having ended in 1941. This election marked the end of the 8 year Curtin-Chifley Labor Government that had been in power since 1941 and started the 23 year Liberal/Country Coalition Government. This was the first time the Liberal party won government at the federal level.

There was only one substantial redistribution in the past few decades, when Boothby absorbed parts of the abolished Division of Hawker prior to the 1993 election. This cut the Liberal margin by more than half, from a safe 10.7 two-party margin to a marginal notional 4.5 percent two-party margin. However, the Liberals won the seat on a fairly safe 7.8 percent two-party margin. As of 2007, Boothby extended from Mitcham and Belair in the east to Brighton and Seacliff in the west. [2]

The Division of Hawker was an Australian Electoral Division in South Australia. The division was created in 1969 and abolished in 1993. It was named for Charles Hawker, who was a federal MP 1929–38. It was located in the southern suburbs of Adelaide and took in the suburbs of Ascot Park, Clovelly Park, Edwardstown, Glenelg, Goodwood and Morphettville. Hawker was located between the seats of Hindmarsh and Kingston.

1993 Australian federal election

The 1993 Australian federal election was held to determine the members of the 37th Parliament of Australia. It was held on 13 March 1993. All 147 seats of the Australian House of Representatives and 40 seats of the 76-seat Australian Senate were up for election. The incumbent Hawke-Keating Government of the centre-left Australian Labor Party led by Paul Keating, the Prime Minister of Australia, was re-elected to a fifth term, defeating the centre-right Liberal/National Coalition led by Opposition Leader John Hewson of the Liberal Party of Australia, and coalition partner Tim Fischer of the National Party of Australia. This was the first time the Labor party won a fifth consecutive election.

Mitcham, South Australia Suburb of Adelaide, South Australia

Mitcham is an inner-southern suburb of Adelaide in the City of Mitcham.

Boothby's most prominent members were Sir John McLeay, who was Speaker 1956-66, his son John, Jr., a minister in the Fraser government, and former state premier Steele Hall. Hall retired before at the 1996 election and the seat was held from 1996-2016 by Andrew Southcott.

Speaker of the Australian House of Representatives position of speaker in Australian parliament

The Speaker of the House of Representatives is the presiding officer of the House of Representatives, the lower house of the Parliament of Australia. The presiding officer in the upper house is the President of the Senate. The office of Speaker was created by section 35 of the Constitution of Australia. The authors of the Constitution intended that the House of Representatives should as nearly as possible be modelled on the House of Commons of the United Kingdom.

Malcolm Fraser Australian politician, 22nd Prime Minister of Australia

John Malcolm Fraser was an Australian politician who served as the 22nd Prime Minister of Australia, in office from 1975 to 1983 as leader of the Liberal Party.

Premier of South Australia Wikimedia List

The Premier of South Australia is the head of government in the state of South Australia, Australia. The Government of South Australia follows the Westminster system, with a Parliament of South Australia acting as the legislature. The Premier is appointed by the Governor of South Australia, and by modern convention holds office by virtue of his or her ability to command the support of a majority of members of the lower house of Parliament, the House of Assembly.

At the 2004 election, despite a solid national two-party swing and vote to the Liberals, Boothby became a marginal Liberal seat for the first time in over half a century, with Labor's Chloë Fox reducing the Liberal margin to 5.4 percent even as incumbent Andrew Southcott narrowly won enough primary votes to retain the seat without the need for preferences. Labor's Nicole Cornes reduced Southcott's margin even further to 2.9 percent at the 2007 election. At the 2010 election Labor's Annabel Digance came within 638 votes of ending the long Liberal run in the seat. At 0.75 percent Boothby was the most marginal seat in South Australia. However, Boothby became a fairly safe Liberal seat again at the 2013 election.

In 2015, Southcott announced his retirement from parliament to take effect at the 2016 federal election. The Liberals preselected doctoral student and newspaper columnist Nicolle Flint. [3] Labor preselected 2015 Davenport state by-election candidate Mark Ward. [4] The Nick Xenophon Team announced Mitcham councillor Karen Hockley as their candidate. [5] ABC psephologist Antony Green's 2016 federal election guide for South Australia stated NXT had a "strong chance of winning lower house seats and three or four Senate seats". [6] Flint won the contest. [7] Flint held on narrowly on 53.5 percent of the two-party vote on a swing of 3.6 percent, making the seat marginal once again.

A redistribution ahead of the 2019 federal election pared back the Liberal margin further, to 2.7 percent. This came even as Boothby absorbed Glenelg and much of the Holdfast Bay area from neighbouring Hindmarsh. [8] Flint won reelection again, despite suffering a swing of 1.3 percent. With a margin of 1.3 percent, Boothby is the most marginal seat in South Australia, and one of the most marginal metropolitan Coalition seats in Australia.

Members

ImageMemberPartyTermNotes
  Lee Batchelor - Swiss Studios (cropped).jpg Lee Batchelor
(1865–1911)
Labour 16 December 1903
8 October 1911
Previously held the Division of South Australia. Served as minister under Watson and Fisher. Died in office
  David Gordon (Australian politician).jpg David Gordon
(1865–1946)
Commonwealth Liberal 11 November 1911
31 May 1913
Lost seat. Later elected to the South Australian Legislative Council in 1913
  George Dankel 2.jpeg George Dankel
(1864–1926)
Labor 31 May 1913
14 November 1916
Previously held the South Australian House of Assembly seat of Torrens. Retired
  National Labor 14 November 1916
17 February 1917
  Nationalist 17 February 1917 –
26 March 1917
  William Story.jpg William Story
(1857–1924)
Nationalist 5 May 1917
16 December 1922
Previously a member of the Senate. Served as Chief Government Whip in the House under Hughes. Lost seat
  John Duncan-Hughes.jpg Jack Duncan-Hughes
(1882–1962)
Liberal Union 16 December 1922
1925
Lost seat. Later elected to the Senate in 1931
  Nationalist 1925 –
17 November 1928
  John Lloyd Price.jpg John Price
(1882–1941)
Labor 17 November 1928
March 1931
Previously held the South Australian House of Assembly seat of Port Adelaide. Served as Chief Government Whip in the House under Lyons. Died in office
  Independent March 1931
7 May 1931
  United Australia 7 May 1931 –
23 April 1941
  Grenfell Price.jpg Grenfell Price
(1892–1977)
United Australia 24 May 1941
21 August 1943
Lost seat
  No image.svg Thomas Sheehy
(1899–1984)
Labor 21 August 1943
10 December 1949
Did not contest in 1949. Failed to win the Division of Kingston
  JohnMcLeaySr1962.jpg (Sir) John McLeay Sr.
(1893–1982)
Liberal 10 December 1949
31 October 1966
Previously held the South Australian House of Assembly seat of Unley. Served as Speaker during the Menzies and Holt Governments. Retired. Son was John McLeay Jr.
  JohnMcLeayJr1967.jpg John McLeay Jr.
(1922–2000)
Liberal 26 November 1966
22 January 1981
Served as minister under Fraser. Resigned in order to retire from politics. Father was John McLeay Sr.
  SteeleHall1968crop.jpg Steele Hall
(1928–)
Liberal 21 February 1981
29 January 1996
Previously Premier of South Australia (1968–70), and later a Liberal Movement member of the Senate (1974–77). Retired
  Andrew Southcott.jpg Andrew Southcott
(1967–)
Liberal 2 March 1996
9 May 2016
Retired
  No image.svg Nicolle Flint
(1978–)
Liberal 2 July 2016
present
Incumbent

Election results

2019 Australian federal election: Boothby [9]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Nicolle Flint 49,97345.19+3.50
Labor Nadia Clancy38,29734.63+7.70
Greens Stef Rozitis13,22411.96+3.78
Independent Trevor Jones2,8432.57+2.57
Animal Justice Geoff Russell2,6752.42+0.99
United Australia Peter Salerno2,0941.89+1.89
Conservative National Adrian Cheok8680.79+0.78
Rise Up Australia Carol Wong6030.55+0.55
Total formal votes110,57795.30−0.55
Informal votes5,4534.70+0.55
Turnout 116,03093.61+1.14
Two-party-preferred result
Liberal Nicolle Flint 56,81251.38−1.33
Labor Nadia Clancy53,76548.62+1.33
Liberal hold Swing −1.33

See also

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References

Notes

  1. Profile of the Electoral Division of Boothby, 4 January 2011, Australian Electoral Commission.
  2. Map of the Commonwealth Electoral Division of Boothby, 2004, reprinted 2007, Australian Electoral Commission.
  3. Liberals announce Nicolle Flint as Boothby candidate in SA to replace veteran Andrew Southcott: ABC 1 November 2015
  4. Steve Georganas, former Labor MP, faces contest for Labor preselection for Hindmarsh: ABC 31 July 2015
  5. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 22 January 2016. Retrieved 4 January 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. Election Guide (SA) - 2016 federal election guide: Antony Green ABC
  7. Paula Matthewson (3 July 2016). "Australian election still too close to call". Australian Women's Weekly . Retrieved 6 July 2016.
  8. "2017-18 Federal Redistribution - South Australia". ABC Elections. 26 June 2018.
  9. Boothby, SA, Tally Room 2019, Australian Electoral Commission.

Coordinates: 35°00′43″S138°35′46″E / 35.012°S 138.596°E / -35.012; 138.596