Speaker of the Australian House of Representatives

Last updated

Speaker of the House of Representatives
Coat of Arms of Australia.svg
Milton Dick Inala Police Look to the Stars (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Milton Dick

since 26 July 2022
Style The Honourable
(Formal and Diplomatic)
Mister/Madam Speaker
(Informal and within the House)
AppointerElected by the House of Representatives
Term length At the pleasure of the House
Elected by the House at the start of each Parliament, and upon a vacancy
Constituting instrument Section 35 of the Constitution of Australia
Inaugural holder Sir Frederick Holder
9 May 1901
Formation9 July 1900
Deputy Sharon Claydon (since 26 July 2022)
Salary$369,700 (2019–20) [1]

The Speaker of the House of Representatives is the presiding officer of the House of Representatives, the lower house of the Parliament of Australia. The counterpart in the upper house is the President of the Senate. The office of Speaker was created by section 35 of the Constitution of Australia. The authors of the Constitution intended that the House of Representatives should as nearly as possible be modelled on the House of Commons of the United Kingdom.

Contents

The Speaker presides over House of Representatives debates, determining which members may speak. The Speaker is also responsible for maintaining order during debate, and may punish members who break the rules of the House.

The Speaker is currently Milton Dick, who was elected on 26 July 2022.

Election

The Speaker is elected by the House of Representatives in a secret ballot, with an election held whenever the Office of the Speaker is vacant, as set out in Chapter 3 of the House of Representatives Standing and Sessional Orders. The Clerk of the Australian House of Representatives conducts the election. The MPs who move and second the nomination of the successful candidate "drag" them to the chair after their election, in accordance with a tradition carried over from Westminster.

Unlike the Speaker of the House of Commons in Britain, the Speaker generally remains an active member of their party. If a party member, the Speaker may continue to attend party meetings, and at general elections will stand as a party candidate. There were two exceptions to this: the first Speaker, Frederick Holder (1901) and Peter Slipper (2011), who resigned from their respective parties upon election as Speaker, and sat as independents.

A Speaker ceases to hold that office if, for any reason, they cease to be a member of the House. There is no convention in Australia that the Speaker should not be opposed in their seat, and three Speakers have been defeated at general elections: Littleton Groom (1929), Walter Nairn (1943) and William Aston (1972). Because the Speaker is always the nominee of the governing party, there is no expectation that a Speaker will continue in office following a change of government. While the Opposition usually nominates one of its own members for Speaker after a general election, this is understood to be a symbolic act, and party discipline is always followed in any ballot.

By reason of section 40 of the Constitution, while in the Chair, a Speaker does not have a deliberative vote, but if there is a tie in votes, the Speaker has a tiebreaker (or casting) vote.

Most Speakers have been senior backbenchers of the party holding office at the start of a new Parliament, or at the time of the death or resignation of an incumbent Speaker. Five Speakers have been former government ministers: William Watt, Littleton Groom, Archie Cameron, Ian Sinclair and Bronwyn Bishop; two have been former Parliamentary Secretaries: Stephen Martin and Tony Smith; and one both a former minister and a former Leader of the Opposition: Billy Snedden. Two were former state premiers: Holder and Watt. There is no convention in Australia that Speakers should resign from Parliament at the end of their term; two Speakers have become Cabinet ministers after having been Speaker: Norman Makin and Gordon Scholes.

Bronwyn Bishop was elected Speaker on 12 November 2013, as the Coalition's first female Speaker of the House and the third female Speaker, after Labor's Joan Child (1986–89) and Anna Burke (2012–13). The 43rd Parliament (2010–13) was the first Australian federal parliament to have had three Speakers: Harry Jenkins (elected September 2010), Peter Slipper (November 2011), and Anna Burke (October 2012).

All male Speakers have been addressed by members as "Mister Speaker" while in the Chair. Joan Child chose to be addressed as "Madam Speaker", as female Speakers are usually referred to in other parliaments. Anna Burke broke with this tradition and ruled that her official form of address is merely "Speaker."

Role

The Speaker's chair in the House of Representatives Speaker's chair, House of Representatives, Canberra.jpg
The Speaker's chair in the House of Representatives

The Speaker's principal duty is to preside over the House and maintain order in the House, uphold Standing Orders (rules of procedure), rule on points of order, and protect the rights of backbench members.

Australian parliaments are notoriously rowdy, and the Speaker frequently exercises the disciplinary powers vested in them under Standing Orders. The Speaker may summarily order a Member to excuse themself from the House for one hour. For more serious offences, the Speaker may "name" a Member, saying "I name the Honourable Member for X," following the House's convention that Members are always referred to by their electorate. The House then votes on a motion to suspend the Member for 24 hours. (The House also had the power to permanently expel a Member, but this happened only once, in 1920: the member was Hugh Mahon. The House no longer has the power to expel a member from membership of the House under Section 8 of the Parliamentary Privileges Act 1987. [2] )

The Speaker, in conjunction with the President of the Senate, also administers Parliament House, Canberra, with the assistance of an administrative staff in the Australian parliamentary departments. The Speaker has accountability obligations to the Parliament for the Department of the House of Representatives. Together with the President, the Speaker also had such accountability obligations to the Parliament in respect of the Department of Parliamentary Services.

A member of the House who wishes to resign would tender their resignation to the Speaker (but not to an Acting Speaker), or if there is no Speaker to the Governor-General. During the Joint Sitting of 1974 the Speaker of the Australian House of Representatives Jim Cope was the presiding officer.

Impartiality

While impartial, the Speaker does not usually quit the membership of their party like the Speaker of the House of Commons. Although the first Speaker, Sir Frederick Holder, resigned from the Free Trade Party upon taking the role in accordance with traditional Westminster convention, subsequent speakers did not follow this convention. The only other speaker to date who resigned from their party was Peter Slipper, chosen from the opposition, who resigned from the Liberal Party the day after his election to the chair.

On the other hand, the Speaker is not an active political figure like the Speaker of the United States House of Representatives. They do not take part in debates in the House, do not vote in the House except in the (relatively infrequent) event of a tied vote, and do not speak in public on party-political issues (except at election time in their own constituency). They are expected to conduct the business of the House in an impartial manner, and generally do so.

There have been several memorable clashes between Speakers and the governments:

Speakers of or from opposition parties

While speakers normally come from the governing party, there have been several exceptions.

Peter Slipper was a member of the Liberal Party when elected as Speaker, but resigned a day later. Slipper's elevation to the speakership occurred due to the hung parliament resulting from the 2010 election, which saw the ALP form a minority government.

In the previous hung parliament elected at the 1940 election, the United Australia Party's Walter Nairn continued as Speaker when the ALP formed a new government in the middle of the parliamentary term.

Opposition MP Carty Salmon initially served as speaker for the first federal Australian majority government, the Andrew Fisher Labor government, resulting from the 1910 election.

At the 1913 election, Labor's Charles McDonald was offered retention of the Speakership by the incoming one-seat-majority Commonwealth Liberal Party, but declined – later however, after Labor's return to government at the 1914 election, McDonald regained the Speakership until the subsequent election in 1917 despite the mid-term change to a Nationalist Party government. [8] [9]

Entitlements

The speaker's salary is determined by the Remuneration Tribunal, an independent statutory body. As of 1 July 2019, the incumbent is entitled to a parliamentarian's base salary of A$211,250 plus an additional 75% loading, equating to a salary of approximately $369,700. Assuming they hold no other positions, the deputy speaker has a salary of $253,500 (20% loading), the second deputy speaker $238,700 (13% loading), and members of the speaker's panel $217,600 (3% loading). [1]

A member elected speaker is entitled to the title "The Honourable" while in office, which, with the approval of the King of Australia, may be retained for life. This privilege is usually only given to those who have served as speaker for at least three years. Harry Jenkins Jr. was the first speaker to ask that "The Honourable" title not be used in reference to him, while also making clear that he was not attempting to set a precedent for future speakers; he was simply not personally comfortable with the title.[ citation needed ]

Official dress

Sir Littleton Groom (Speaker 1926-1929) standing by the speaker's chair in Old Parliament House, Canberra, in the traditional speaker's garb Littleton Groom, Speaker of the House (cropped).jpg
Sir Littleton Groom (Speaker 1926–1929) standing by the speaker's chair in Old Parliament House, Canberra, in the traditional speaker's garb

Following the Westminster tradition inherited from the House of Commons of the United Kingdom, the traditional dress of the Speaker includes components of Court dress such as a black silk lay-type gown (similar to a Queen's Counsel gown), a wing collar and a lace jabot or bands (another variation included a white bow tie with a lace jabot), bar jacket, and a full-bottomed wig. The wig available for use by the speaker was used by Herbert 'Doc' Evatt when he was a High Court Justice (1930–1940) and was donated to the Parliament by Evatt when he was elected to the House in 1951. The wig is currently on loan from the speaker's office to the Museum of Australian Democracy. [10] Another addition used by earlier speakers, though only for the most formal occasions, included court shoes and hose.

The dress of Speakers has often varied according to the party in power and the personal choice of the Speaker. All Labor Speakers have eschewed the traditional dress in favour of ordinary business attire as appropriate for a member of parliament, following the example set by their first Speaker, Charles McDonald. Most non-Labor Speakers before 2012 wore some variation of the traditional dress.

Billy Snedden (1976–1983) was the last Speaker to wear the full traditional attire of the Speaker, complete with the wig. On the election of the Howard Government in 1996, the new Speaker, Bob Halverson, chose to wear the Speaker's traditional attire upon his election in April 1996, but without the wig. [11] Speaker Ian Sinclair opted to wear a gown, albeit of a simpler academic style, during his brief term in 1998, a practice mirrored by his successors, Neil Andrew and David Hawker. Upon his election in late 2011, Peter Slipper went a step toward restoring the traditional dress by wearing a gown and bar jacket over his business attire. Slipper also took to wearing a white long tie or bow tie, in a variation from the lace jabot or bands. [10] For example, he wore a wing collar with white bow tie and bands on the occasion of his first formal procession into parliament. [12] Speaker Bronwyn Bishop, the first non-Labor woman to hold the post, opted for business attire with no gown after her election in 2013. Subsequent Coalition speakers, Tony Smith and Andrew Wallace, likewise opted for business attire.

List of speakers of the House of Representatives

The following is a list of speakers of the House of Representatives. [13]

#NamePartyStateTerm startTerm endTerm in office
1 Sir Frederick Holder   Independent South Australia 9 May 190123 July 19098 years, 75 days
2 Carty Salmon   Commonwealth Liberal Victoria 28 July 190919 February 1910206 days
3 Charles McDonald   Labor Queensland 1 July 191023 April 19132 years, 296 days
4 Elliot Johnson  Commonwealth Liberal New South Wales 9 July 191330 July 19141 year, 21 days
(3)Charles McDonald LaborQueensland8 October 191426 March 19172 years, 169 days
(4)Sir Elliot Johnson  Nationalist New South Wales14 June 19176 November 19225 years, 145 days
5 William Watt  NationalistVictoria28 February 19233 October 19252 years, 217 days
6 Sir Littleton Groom  NationalistQueensland13 January 192616 September 19293 years, 246 days
7 Norman Makin  LaborSouth Australia20 November 192927 November 19312 years, 7 days
8 George Mackay   United Australia Queensland17 February 19327 August 19342 years, 171 days
9 George Bell  United Australia Tasmania 23 October 193427 August 19405 years, 309 days
10 Walter Nairn  United Australia Western Australia 20 November 194021 June 19432 years, 213 days
11 Sol Rosevear  LaborNew South Wales22 June 194331 October 19496 years, 131 days
12 Archie Cameron   Liberal South Australia22 February 19509 August 19566 years, 169 days
13 Sir Jack McLeay  LiberalSouth Australia29 August 195631 October 196610 years, 63 days
14 William Aston  LiberalNew South Wales21 February 19672 November 19725 years, 255 days
15 Jim Cope  LaborNew South Wales27 February 197327 February 19752 years, 0 days
16 Gordon Scholes  LaborVictoria27 February 197511 November 1975257 days
17 Sir Billy Snedden  LiberalVictoria17 February 19764 February 19836 years, 352 days
18 Harry Jenkins Sr.  LaborVictoria21 April 198320 December 19852 years, 243 days
19 Joan Child  LaborVictoria11 February 198628 August 19893 years, 198 days
20 Leo McLeay  LaborNew South Wales29 August 19898 February 19933 years, 163 days
21 Stephen Martin  LaborNew South Wales4 May 199329 January 19962 years, 270 days
22 Bob Halverson  LiberalVictoria30 April 19963 March 19981 year, 307 days
23 Ian Sinclair   National New South Wales4 March 199831 August 1998180 days
24 Neil Andrew  LiberalSouth Australia10 November 199831 August 20045 years, 295 days
25 David Hawker  LiberalVictoria16 November 200417 October 20072 years, 335 days
26 Harry Jenkins Jr.  LaborVictoria12 February 200824 November 20113 years, 285 days
27 Peter Slipper  IndependentQueensland24 November 20119 October 2012320 days
28 Anna Burke  LaborVictoria9 October 20125 August 2013300 days
29 Bronwyn Bishop  LiberalNew South Wales12 November 20132 August 20151 year, 263 days
30 Tony Smith  LiberalVictoria10 August 201523 November 20216 years, 105 days
31 Andrew Wallace  LiberalQueensland23 November 202111 April 2022139 days
32 Milton Dick  LaborQueensland26 July 2022Incumbent133 days

Assistants to the speaker

The House elects two of its members to serve as deputy speaker and second deputy speaker. The speaker also nominates a number of other MPs to assist with chairing proceedings of the House and Federation Chamber, who form the speaker's panel. In order for business to proceed, the House may choose any member to take the chair if the speaker is absent and the previously deputised members are unavailable; this is rare. Any member chairing the House in the absence of the speaker or deputy speakers is addressed as "Deputy Speaker". However, only the deputy and second deputy speakers can serve as "acting speaker", with the full powers of the position. [14]

Election

The election of either the deputy speaker and second deputy speaker is held when the respective position is vacant. If both positions of deputy speaker and second deputy speaker are vacant (for example at the start of each parliament), then the elections for deputy speaker and second deputy speaker are conducted together in one election. The runner-up in such an election is then deemed to have been elected second deputy speaker. [15]

Until July 2019 (except for a short period between October 2012 and November 2013), standing order 13(c) of the House stated that only a non-government MP may be a second deputy speaker. [16] This comes from the usual convention that the deputy speaker is a government MP, and a non-government MP as the second deputy speaker would "allow people from opposing sides in the two roles of Deputy Speaker and Second Deputy Speaker", as quoted by Labor MP Anthony Albanese. [17] Since 1943, there were only two occasions when the deputy speaker was not held by a government MP, both during the 43rd Parliament when Labor was in minority government. The first occasion was at the start of the 43rd Parliament in September 2010, when Peter Slipper of the Liberal Party was nominated by Labor and defeated Bruce Scott of the National Party to be the deputy speaker. [18] Scott continued to be the second deputy speaker. In this occasion, both positions were held by non-government MPs.

The second occasion was on 9 October 2012, when Scott defeated Labor MP and nominee Steve Georganas and became the deputy speaker. [19] The following day, the House voted to remove standing order 13(c) to allow Georganas (government MP) to be elected as second deputy speaker. [17] Both Scott and Georganas stayed in their roles for the rest of the 43rd Parliament. Standing order 13(c) was reinstated at the start of the 44th Parliament in November 2013. [20]

Standing order 13(c) was altered on 4 July 2019 with bipartisan support. [21] The new standing order, current as of August 2022, states that if a government MP was elected as deputy speaker, then only a non-government MP may be elected as second deputy speaker. Likewise, if a non-government MP was elected as deputy speaker, then only a government MP may be elected as second deputy speaker. [22]

The deputy speakership election held on 10 February 2020 was unique in that the winner Llew O'Brien (nominated by Labor) and the runner-up Damian Drum (nominated by the Coalition government) were both government MPs. [23] As the election was only for the deputy speakership position (the second deputy speaker position was not vacant), Drum was not elected as second deputy speaker. Otherwise, this would have been against standing order 13(c). [22]

Deputy speaker

The position of deputy speaker was created in 1994 in place of the former position of "chairman of committees", which had existed since the first parliament in 1901. This coincided with the establishment of the Main Committee (now renamed the Federation Chamber).The deputy speaker has the same procedural powers as the speaker while in the chair, including signing messages from the House to the Senate. As well as deputising for the speaker, the deputy speaker chairs the Federation Chamber. [14]

Following the 2022 federal election, Sharon Claydon was elected as deputy speaker.

List of deputy speakers and chairmen of committees

The title of the office was originally "chairman of committees". This was changed to "deputy speaker and chairman of committees" on 3 November 1992 and to simply "deputy speaker" on 21 February 1994. The terms of deputy speakers technically coincide with terms of parliament, however for the purposes of the table below terms spanning multiple parliaments are deemed to be continuous. Prior to 10 July 1907 the chairman of committees was elected on a sessional basis. [24]

#NamePartyStateTerm startTerm endTerm in office
1 John Chanter   Protectionist New South Wales 5 June 190122 October 19032 years, 139 days
2 Carty Salmon  Protectionist Victoria 17 March 190421 December 19051 year, 279 days
3 Charles McDonald   Labor Queensland 20 June 190619 February 19103 years, 244 days
4 Alexander Poynton  Labor South Australia 1 July 191023 April 19132 years, 296 days
5 James Fowler   Liberal Western Australia 9 July 191330 July 19141 year, 21 days
(1)John Chanter LaborNew South Wales9 October 19146 November 19228 years, 28 days
  National Labor
  Nationalist
6 Fred Bamford  NationalistQueensland28 February 19233 October 19252 years, 217 days
7 James Bayley  NationalistQueensland14 January 192616 September 19293 years, 245 days
8 Charles McGrath  LaborVictoria20 November 192927 November 19312 years, 7 days
  United Australia
9 George Bell  United Australia Tasmania 17 February 19327 August 19342 years, 171 days
10 John Prowse   Country Western Australia23 October 193421 June 19438 years, 241 days
11 Bill Riordan  LaborQueensland22 June 194316 August 19463 years, 55 days
12 Joe Clark  LaborNew South Wales7 November 194631 October 19492 years, 358 days
13 Charles Adermann  CountryQueensland22 February 195014 October 19588 years, 234 days
14 George Bowden  CountryVictoria17 February 19597 March 19612 years, 18 days
15 Philip Lucock  CountryNew South Wales8 March 19612 November 197211 years, 239 days
16 Gordon Scholes  LaborSouth Australia28 February 197327 February 19751 year, 364 days
17 Joe Berinson  LaborWestern Australia27 February 197514 July 1975137 days
18 Harry Jenkins Sr.  LaborVictoria19 August 197511 November 197584 days
(15)Philip Lucock  National Country New South Wales17 February 197610 November 19771 year, 266 days
19 Clarrie Millar  National CountryQueensland21 February 19784 February 19834 years, 348 days
20 Les Johnson  LaborNew South Wales21 April 198319 December 1983242 days
21 Joan Child  LaborVictoria28 February 198411 February 19861 year, 348 days
22 Leo McLeay  LaborNew South Wales11 February 198629 August 19893 years, 199 days
23 Ron Edwards  LaborWestern Australia29 August 19898 February 19933 years, 163 days
24 Harry Jenkins Jr.  LaborVictoria4 May 199329 January 19962 years, 270 days
25 Garry Nehl   National New South Wales30 April 19968 October 20015 years, 161 days
26 Ian Causley  NationalNew South Wales12 February 200217 October 20075 years, 247 days
27 Anna Burke  LaborVictoria12 February 200819 July 20102 years, 157 days
28 Peter Slipper   Liberal Queensland28 September 201024 November 20111 year, 57 days
(27)Anna Burke LaborVictoria24 November 20119 October 2012320 days
29 Bruce Scott  NationalQueensland9 October 20129 May 20163 years, 213 days
30 Mark Coulton  NationalNew South Wales30 August 20165 March 20181 year, 187 days
31 Kevin Hogan  NationalNew South Wales26 March 201810 February 20201 year, 321 days
32 Llew O'Brien   Liberal National Queensland10 February 202011 April 20222 years, 60 days
 National
33 Sharon Claydon  LaborNew South Wales26 July 2022Incumbent133 days

Second deputy speaker

The position of second deputy speaker was created in 1994, primarily as an assistant to the deputy speaker in the Federation Chamber.

List of second deputy speakers

The terms of second deputy speakers technically coincide with terms of parliament, [24] however for the purposes of the table below terms spanning multiple parliaments are deemed to be continuous.

#NamePartyStateTerm startTerm endTerm in office
1 Allan Rocher   Liberal Western Australia 3 March 199429 January 19961 year, 332 days
  Independent
2 Harry Jenkins Jr.   Labor Victoria 30 April 199617 October 200711 years, 170 days
3 Bruce Scott   National Queensland 12 February 20089 October 20124 years, 240 days
3 Steve Georganas  Labor South Australia 10 October 20125 August 2013299 days
4 Rob Mitchell  LaborVictoria12 November 201311 April 20228 years, 150 days
5 Ian Goodenough  LiberalWestern Australia26 July 2022Incumbent133 days

Speaker's panel

The speaker's panel consists of at least four MPs nominated by the speaker at the start of each parliament. The speaker may nominate additional members or revoke membership at any point during the parliament. Members of the panel are called on to chair meetings of the House at the request of the speaker, as well as meetings of the Federation Chamber at the request of the deputy speaker or second deputy speaker. A roster is maintained so that the chair can always be filled. Members of the panel will relinquish the chair to the speaker or deputy speaker "if disorder arises or if special circumstances apply". [25]

Historically, the speaker has nominated both government and opposition MPs to the speaker's panel. However, after the 2010 and 2013 elections opposition members refused to serve on the panel. The practice resumed later in the 2013–16 parliamentary term. [25]

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Australian House of Representatives</span> Lower house of the Parliament of Australia

The House of Representatives is the lower house of the bicameral Parliament of Australia, the upper house being the Senate. Its composition and powers are established in Chapter I of the Constitution of Australia.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Speaker of the House of Commons (United Kingdom)</span> Presiding officer of the House of Commons

The speaker of the House of Commons is the presiding officer of the House of Commons, the lower house and primary chamber of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. The current speaker, Sir Lindsay Hoyle, was elected Speaker on 4 November 2019, following the retirement of John Bercow. Hoyle began his first full parliamentary term in the role on 17 December 2019, having been unanimously re-elected after the 2019 general election.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">President of the Senate (Australia)</span> Presiding officer of the upper house of the Australian Parliament

The President of the Senate is the presiding officer of the Australian Senate, the upper house of the Parliament of Australia.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Speaker (politics)</span> Presiding officer of a national assembly, legislative body

The speaker of a deliberative assembly, especially a legislative body, is its presiding officer, or the chair. The title was first used in 1377 in England.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Speaker of the House of Commons (Canada)</span> Presiding officer of the House of Commons of Canada

The speaker of the House of Commons is the presiding officer of the lower house of the Parliament of Canada. A member of Parliament (MP), they are elected at the beginning of each new parliament by fellow MPs. The speaker's role in presiding over Canada's House of Commons is similar to that of speakers elsewhere in other countries that use the Westminster system.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Billy Snedden</span> Australian politician

Sir Billy Mackie Snedden, was an Australian politician who served as the leader of the Liberal Party from 1972 to 1975. He was also a cabinet minister from 1964 to 1972, and Speaker of the House of Representatives from 1976 to 1983.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Speaker of the New Zealand House of Representatives</span> Presiding officer of the New Zealand House of Representatives

In New Zealand, the speaker of the House of Representatives, commonly known as the speaker of the House, is the presiding officer and highest authority of the New Zealand House of Representatives. The individual who holds the position is elected by members of the House from among their number in the first session after each general election. They hold one of the highest-ranking offices in New Zealand. The current Speaker is Adrian Rurawhe who was elected on 24 August 2022.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Anna Burke</span> Australian politician (b.1966)

Anna Elizabeth Burke is a former Australian politician and current Member of the Administrative Appeals Tribunal. She was a member of the Australian House of Representatives from October 1998 to May 2016, representing the Division of Chisholm, Victoria. From October 2012 to August 2013, she was Speaker of the Australian House of Representatives.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bronwyn Bishop</span> Australian politician

Bronwyn Kathleen Bishop is an Australian former politician. She was a member of federal parliament for almost 30 years, the longest period of service by a woman. A member of the Liberal Party, she was a minister in the Howard Government from 1996 to 2001 and Speaker of the House of Representatives from 2013 to 2015.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Harry Jenkins</span> Australian politician

Henry Alfred "Harry" Jenkins, is a former Australian politician. He was a member of the House of Representatives from 1986 to 2013, representing the Australian Labor Party (ALP).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Peter Slipper</span> Australian politician

Peter Neil Slipper is a former Australian politician who served in the House of Representatives from 1984 to 1987 and from 1993 to 2013, representing the Division of Fisher in Queensland. He was Speaker of the House of Representatives from 2011 to 2012. He is the current bishop in Australia for the Catholic Apostolic Church of Australia (ICAB) a mission of the Brazilian Catholic Apostolic Church and an honorary consul for Brazil in Australia.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tony Smith (Victorian politician)</span> Australian politician

Anthony David Hawthorn Smith is an Australian politician who was the 30th Speaker of the House of Representatives. He was a Liberal Party Member of the House of Representatives from 2001 to 2022, representing the Division of Casey in Victoria.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Andrew Southcott</span> Australian politician

Andrew John Southcott is an Australian politician and medical practitioner. He was the Liberal member for the House of Representatives seat of Boothby from the 1996 election until he stood down at the 2016 election.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Chairman of Ways and Means</span>

In the United Kingdom, the Chairman of Ways and Means is a senior member of the House of Commons who acts as one of the Speaker's three deputies. The incumbent is Dame Eleanor Laing, MP for Epping Forest, who was first elected to the office on 8 January 2020.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of Queensland</span>

The Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of Queensland is elected by the members of the Queensland Legislative Assembly to preside over sittings of the Assembly and to maintain orderly proceedings. The Speaker must be a member of the Legislative Assembly. The position is currently held by Curtis Pitt, a former Treasurer of Queensland who was elected to the post on 13 February 2018.

The Speaker of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly is the presiding officer of the Legislative Assembly, New South Wales's lower chamber of Parliament. The current Speaker is Jonathan O'Dea, who was elected on 7 May 2019. Traditionally a partisan office, filled by the governing party of the time, O'Dea replaced the previous Liberal Speaker Shelley Hancock, following the 2019 state election.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Rob Mitchell (Victorian politician)</span> Australian politician

Robert George Mitchell is an Australian politician. He has been an Australian Labor Party member of the Australian House of Representatives since August 2010, representing the electorate of McEwen. Previously a member of the Victorian Legislative Council from 2002 to 2006, he currently serves in the position of second deputy speaker.

The President of the New South Wales Legislative Council is the presiding officer of the upper house of the Parliament of New South Wales, the Legislative Council. The presiding officer of the lower house is the speaker of the Legislative Assembly. The role of President has generally been a partisan office, filled by the governing party of the time. As of May 2021, the president is Matthew Mason-Cox.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Andrew Wallace</span> Australian politician

Andrew Bruce Wallace is an Australian politician who served as the 31st Speaker of the House of Representatives from November 2021 to April 2022. He is a member of the Liberal Party and has been a member of the House of Representatives since the 2016 federal election, representing the Division of Fisher.

References

  1. 1 2 "Salary". Remuneration Tribunal. Retrieved 16 February 2020.
  2. Parliamentary Privileges Act 1987, Section 8.
  3. Ian Harris, Clerk of the House of Representatives (ed.). "The Speaker, Deputy Speaker, and officers". House of Representatives Practice (PDF). Australian House of Representatives. p. 197. Retrieved 22 May 2011.
  4. Commonwealth, Parliamentary Debates, House of Representatives, 31 May 2011, 5286–86.
  5. Shanahan, Dennis (1 June 2011). "Oakeshott nearly brings down the house". The Australian. Retrieved 8 June 2011.
  6. "Coalition takes credit for saving Speaker". ABC News. 1 June 2011. Retrieved 8 June 2011.
  7. Osbourne, Paul (31 May 2011). "Abbott averts Speaker crisis". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 8 June 2011.
  8. "Appendix 2 Speakers of the House of Representatives". House of Representatives Practice Fifth Edition. Parliament of Australia. Retrieved 26 November 2011.
  9. Megalogenis, George (25 November 2011). "Rats prepared to ditch their parties to survive". The Australian. Retrieved 26 November 2011.
  10. 1 2 Miller, Barbara (8 February 2012). "Pomp-seeker Slipper told to get on with job". ABC News. Retrieved 9 February 2012.
  11. Commonwealth Hansard, Parliamentary Debates, House of Representatives Archived 23 November 2011 at the Wayback Machine , 30 April 1996, 7.
  12. Griffiths, Emma (14 February 2012). "New procession ushers in Slipper era". ABC News. Retrieved 14 February 2012.
  13. "Historical Information". Parliamentary Handbook of the Commonwealth of Australia (22nd ed.). Parliament of Australia. 2011. p. 602.
  14. 1 2 "Deputy Speaker". House of Representatives Practice (7th ed.). Parliament of Australia. Retrieved 13 February 2020.
  15. "Second Deputy Speaker". House of Representatives Practice (7th ed.). Parliament of Australia. Retrieved 13 February 2020.
  16. "Chapter 3. Election of Speaker and Deputies (as of 23 June 2004)". Parliament of Australia. Archived from the original on 28 February 2012.
  17. 1 2 "House of Representatives Hansard (10 October 2012) - Standing Orders". Parliament of Australia. 10 October 2012.
  18. "Labor nominee Slipper elected Deputy Speaker". ABC News. Australia. 28 September 2010. Retrieved 28 September 2010.
  19. "Bruce Scott elected Deputy Speaker". The Age. Australia. Australian Associated Press. 9 October 2012. Retrieved 9 October 2012.
  20. "House of Representatives Hansard (13 November 2013) - Standing Orders" (PDF). Parliament of Australia. 13 November 2013. p. 90-125.
  21. "House of Representatives Hansard (4 July 2019) - Standing Orders". Parliament of Australia. 4 July 2019.
  22. 1 2 "House of Representatives Standing Orders - Chapter 3. Election of Speaker and Deputies (as of 4 July 2019)" (PDF). Parliament of Australia. Retrieved 31 July 2022.
  23. "Morrison government loses shock vote on deputy speaker". The Australian Financial Review . 10 February 2020. Retrieved 13 February 2020.
  24. 1 2 "Appendix 3—Deputy Speakers". House of Representatives Practice (7th ed.). Parliament of Australia. Retrieved 15 February 2020.
  25. 1 2 "Speaker's panel". House of Representatives Practice (7th ed.). Parliament of Australia. Retrieved 13 February 2020.