The local government areas of Western Australia (LGAs) are those areas, towns and districts in Western Australia that manage their own affairs to the extent permitted by the Local Government Act 1995 .The Local Government Act 1995 also makes provision for regional local governments (referred to as "regional councils", established by two or more local governments for a particular purpose.
There are three classifications of local government in Western Australia:
The Shire of Christmas Island and the Shire of Cocos (Keeling) Islands are Federal external territories and covered by the Indian Ocean Territories Administration of Laws Act, which allows the Western Australian Local Government Act to apply "on-island" as though it were a Commonwealth act. Nonetheless, Christmas Island and the Cocos (Keeling) Islands are not part of Western Australia.
The first form of local government in Western Australia were town trusts established under the Towns Improvement Act of 1838.Many of these town trusts, including the Perth town trust, experienced severe administrative and financial difficulties, and in some cases barely functioned at all.
The District Roads Act and Municipal Institutions Act, both of 1871 improved matters by allowing for the establishment of Roads Boards and Municipal Corporations.Municipal Corporations had the capacity to levy property taxes, pass municipal by-laws and undertake various local regulatory services previously carried out by colonial officials and other central bodies. Corporations could also establish civic institutions and facilities with the governors' consent, including libraries and botanical gardens. Road Boards where strictly limited to the construction of roads, could not levy property taxes and depended on colonial government grants for any expenditures.
Women were permitted to be elected to Road Boards from 1911 and to Municipal Corporations from 1919.The influence of town clerk WE Bold and the greater Perth movement around this time led to the amalgamation of inner city local governments to create a greatly expanded City of Perth until 1993, when the City was broken up once again.
The first local government department was established by the state in 1949 to guide local government authorities.Following the war local governments increasingly expanded their services from property, health and local infrastructure (roads, drainage) to community and social services.
Only a few cities – Perth, Fremantle, Subiaco, South Perth and Nedlands – existed prior to 1961. On 1 July 1961, all road districts became shires, and all municipalities became towns or cities.[ citation needed ] This structure has continued till the present day.
In the 1970s, the scope of local government services expanded to encompass the provision of nursing homes and other forms of aged care.
During the late 1980s, and early 1990s a bi-partisan reform process led to the Local Government Act 1995 , which amongst other changes, established for the first time a clear separation of responsibility between elected councillors and local government administration. Other key changes included a significant reduction in the number of decisions requiring ministerial approval which allowed for streamlined decision-making and greater local government autonomy.
In 2017 the McGowan government initiated a review process to reform the Local Government Act 1995.
Although successive state governments have periodically promoted municipal amalgamation, only a small number of local governments have merged over the course of Western Australia's history. Historically most local governments have strongly resisted forced amalgamationsand the total number of authorities has declined only marginally over the last century. The most recent state government led effort to encourage the voluntary amalgamation of 30 metropolitan local governments into 16 was abandoned by the Barnett government in 2014.
|Local government area||Council seat||Year est.||Land area||Population density (2018)||Population||Notes|
|Armadale, City of||Armadale||1894||560||216||157||72,662||87,634||Armadale-Kelmscott until 1979|
|Bassendean, Town of||Bassendean||1901||10||4||1,521||15,828||15,739||West Guildford until 1922|
|Bayswater, City of||Morley||1897||35||14||1,971||69,083||68,232|
|Belmont, City of||Cloverdale||1898||40||15||1,042||39,919||41,510|
|Cambridge, Town of||Floreat||1994||22||8||1,297||27,856||28,481||Split from Perth|
|Canning, City of||Cannington||1907||65||25||1,433||93,491||92,965||Placed under control of a Commissioner in 2012|
|Claremont, Town of||Claremont||1898||5||2||2,160||10,220||10,704|
|Cockburn, City of||Spearwood||1871||168||65||668||102,787||112,165||Fremantle RD until 1959|
|Cottesloe, Town of||Cottesloe||1895||3.9||2||2,151||8,409||8,188|
|East Fremantle, Town of||East Fremantle||1897||3.1||1||2,489||7,740||8,711|
|Fremantle, City of||Fremantle||1871||19||7||1,624||30,156||30,868|
|Gosnells, City of||Gosnells||1907||127||49||969||119,381||123,325|
|Joondalup, City of||Joondalup||1998||99||38||1,618||164,414||160,031||Split from Wanneroo|
|Kalamunda, City of||Kalamunda||1897||324||125||182||58,622||58,946||Governed by a Commissioner until 1961|
|Kwinana, City of||Kwinana Town Centre||1954||120||46||363||34,707||43,511|
|Melville, City of||Booragoon||1900||53||20||1,929||104,319||101,940|
|Mosman Park, Town of||Mosman Park||1899||4.3||2||2,086||9,217||9,067||Split from Peppermint Grove RD. Buckland Hill RD 1899–1908, 1930–1937; Cottesloe Beach RD 1908–1930|
|Mundaring, Shire of||Mundaring||1903||643||248||61||39,644||39,139||Greenmount until 1932|
|Nedlands, City of||Nedlands||1893||20||8||1,148||22,665||22,554||Claremont RD until 1932|
|Peppermint Grove, Shire of||Peppermint Grove||1895||1.1||0||1,612||1,694||1,721|
|Perth, City of||Perth||1856||14||5||2,024||24,317||27,762|
|Rockingham, City of||Rockingham||1897||258||100||518||119,300||133,389|
|Serpentine–Jarrahdale, Shire of||Mundijong||1894||901||348||34||22,011||30,933|
|South Perth, City of||South Perth||1892||19.8||8||2,198||44,348||43,554|
|Stirling, City of||Stirling||1871||105||41||2,103||218,043||220,249||Shire of Perth until 1971|
|Subiaco, City of||Subiaco||1896||5.6||2||3,045||16,466||17,106|
|Swan, City of||Midland||1871||1,043||403||138||123,643||143,374|
|Victoria Park, Town of||Victoria Park||1994||18||7||2,040||36,260||36,601||Split from Perth|
|Vincent, City of||Leederville||1994||11||4||3,172||35,442||36,088||Split from Perth|
|Wanneroo, City of||Wanneroo||1902||683||264||298||176,627||203,679|
|Local government area||Council seat||Region||Year est.||Land area|| Population ||Website||Notes|
|Albany, City of||Albany||Great Southern||1998||4,310.5||1,664||36,318||37,826|| albany||Formerly:|
Town of Albany (1871)
Shire of Albany (1871)
|Ashburton, Shire of||Tom Price||Pilbara||1972||202,325||78,118||12,025||13,329|| ashburton||West Pilbara until 1987. Formerly:|
Shire of Ashburton (1887)
Shire of Tableland (1896)
|Augusta–Margaret River, Shire of||Margaret River||South West||1891||2,123||820||13,487||15,700|| amrsc||Augusta until 1926|
|Beverley, Shire of||Beverley||Wheatbelt||1871||2,372||916||1,692||1,748|| beverley|
|Boddington, Shire of||Boddington||Peel||1903||1,900||734||2,225||1,833|| boddington||Marradong until 1961|
|Boyup Brook, Shire of||Boyup Brook||South West||1896||2,827||1,092||1,667||1,756|| boyupbrook||Upper Blackwood until 1969|
|Bridgetown–Greenbushes, Shire of||Bridgetown||South West||1970||1,340||517||4,647||4,722|| bridgetown||Amalgamation of:|
Nelson RD (1887–1917), Bridgetown RD (1917–1961), Shire of Bridgetown (1961–1970);
Greenbushes RD (1900–1961), Shire of Greenbushes (1961–1970)
|Brookton, Shire of||Brookton||Wheatbelt||1906||1,602||619||998||965|| brookton|
|Broome, Shire of||Broome||Kimberley||1918||54,632||21,094||17,185||16,952|| broome|
|Broomehill–Tambellup, Shire of||Tambellup||Great Southern||2007||2,610||1,008||1,194||1,132|| shirebt||Formerly:|
Shire of Broomehill (1892)
Shire of Tambellup (1905)
|Bruce Rock, Shire of||Bruce Rock||Wheatbelt||1913||2,727||1,053||988||940|| brucerock||East Avon until 1918|
|Bunbury, City of||Bunbury||South West||1871||65||25||32,951||31,776|| bunbury||City in 1979|
|Busselton, City of||Busselton||South West||1951||1,455||562||34,696||38,926|| busselton||Amalgamation of Municipality and RD (both 1871)|
|Capel, Shire of||Capel||South West||1894||558||215||16,483||18,022|| capel||Bunbury RD until 1907|
|Carnamah, Shire of||Carnamah||Mid West||1923||2,876||1,110||566||541|| carnamah||Split from Irwin and Mingenew|
|Carnarvon, Shire of||Carnarvon||Gascoyne||1911||46,665||18,017||6,034||5,362|| carnarvon||Formerly:|
Town of Carnarvon (1891–1965)
Lower Gascoyne RD (1887–1911)
Minilya RD (1893–1911)
Gascoyne–Minilya RD and Shire (1911–1965)
|Chapman Valley, Shire of||Nabawa||Mid West||1901||3,988||1,540||1,349||1,492|| chapmanvalley||Upper Chapman until 1958|
|Chittering, Shire of||Bindoon||Wheatbelt||1896||1,221||471||5,112||5,742|| chittering|
|Christmas Island, Shire of||Christmas Island||1992||137||53||1,462||1,928|| shire||Federal external territory.|
|Cocos, Shire of||Home Island||1992||14||5||605||538|| shire|
Federal external territory.
|Collie, Shire of||Collie||South West||1951||1,711||661||9,464||8,754|| collie||Amalgamation of Municipality (1901) and RD (1900)|
|Coolgardie, Shire of||Coolgardie||Goldfields||1921||30,381||11,730||4,196||3,506|| coolgardie||Amalgamation of Municipality (1894) and RD (1896)|
|Coorow, Shire of||Coorow||Mid West||1962||4,194||1,619||1,099||1,004|| coorow||Split from Carnamah|
|Corrigin, Shire of||Corrigin||Wheatbelt||1913||2,682||1,036||1,147||1,146|| corrigin|
|Cranbrook, Shire of||Cranbrook||Great Southern||1926||3,278||1,266||1,129||1,077|| cranbrook|
|Cuballing, Shire of||Cuballing||Wheatbelt||1902||1,196||462||901||862|| cuballing|
|Cue, Shire of||Cue||Mid West||1912||13,607||5,254||272||148|| cue||Amalgamation of Day Dawn M. (1894) and Cue RD (1895)|
|Cunderdin, Shire of||Cunderdin||Wheatbelt||1894||1,864||720||1,392||1,440|| cunderdin||Split from Northam, named Meckering until 1944|
|Dalwallinu, Shire of||Dalwallinu||Wheatbelt||1916||7,235||2,793||1,375||1,431|| dalwallinu|
|Dandaragan, Shire of||Jurien Bay||Wheatbelt||1890||6,718||2,594||3,308||3,259|| dandaragan|
|Dardanup, Shire of||Eaton||South West||1894||526||203||13,824||14,368|| dardanup|
|Denmark, Shire of||Denmark||Great Southern||1911||1,860||718||5,804||6,154|| denmark|
|Derby–West Kimberley, Shire of||Derby||Kimberley||1884||119,841||46,271||9,491||8,255|| sdwk||West Kimberley until 1983|
|Donnybrook–Balingup, Shire of||Donnybrook||South West||1970||1,561||603||5,803||6,062|| donnybrook-balingup||Formerly:|
Shire of Donnybrook, Preston RD until 1961 (1896)
Shire of Balingup, Upper Capel RD until 1905 (1899)
|Dowerin, Shire of||Dowerin||Wheatbelt||1911||1,865||720||707||676|| dowerin|
|Dumbleyung, Shire of||Dumbleyung||Wheatbelt||1909||2,542||981||653||676|| dumbleyung|
|Dundas, Shire of||Norseman||Goldfields||1929||92,656||35,775||1,069||735|| dundas|
|East Pilbara, Shire of||Newman||Pilbara||1972||372,301||143,746||12,570||10,970|| eastpilbara||Formerly:|
Shire of Marble Bar (1896)
Shire of Nullagine (1898)
|Esperance, Shire of||Esperance||Goldfields||1895||45,059||17,397||14,422||14,281|| esperance||Absorbed municipality (1895–1908)|
|Exmouth, Shire of||Exmouth||Gascoyne||1964||6,504||2,511||2,655||2,836|| exmouth|
|Gingin, Shire of||Gingin||Wheatbelt||1893||3,211||1,240||5,267||5,258|| gingin||Absorbed municipality (1893–1903)|
|Gnowangerup, Shire of||Gnowangerup||Great Southern||1912||4,267||1,647||1,294||1,207|| gnowangerup|
|Goomalling, Shire of||Goomalling||Wheatbelt||1927||1,837||709||1,038||1,011|| goomalling|
|Greater Geraldton, City of||Geraldton||Mid West||2011||9,903||3,824||39,838||38,738|| cgg||Formerly:|
City of Geraldton (1871–2007)
Shire of Greenough (1951–2007)
Shire of Mullewa (1911–2011)
|Halls Creek, Shire of||Halls Creek||Kimberley||1887||133,061||51,375||3,810||3,490|| hcshire||Kimberley Goldfields until 1915|
|Harvey, Shire of||Harvey||South West||1894||1,729||668||25,657||27,798|| harvey|
|Irwin, Shire of||Dongara||Mid West||1871||2,375||917||3,749||3,560|| irwin|
|Jerramungup, Shire of||Jerramungup||Great Southern||1982||6,509||2,513||1,112||1,133|| jerramungup||Split from Gnowangerup|
|Kalgoorlie–Boulder, City of||Kalgoorlie||Goldfields||1989||95,242||36,773||33,267||29,998|| kalbould||Formerly:|
Town of Kalgoorlie (1897–1989)
Shire of Boulder (1969–1989)
|Karratha, City of||Karratha||Pilbara||1887||15,278||5,899||24,432||22,414|| karratha||Absorbed Roebourne and Cossack municipalities in 1910, was known as Shire of Roebourne until 2014|
|Katanning, Shire of||Katanning||Great Southern||1892||1,519||586||4,403||4,085|| katanning|
|Kellerberrin, Shire of||Kellerberrin||Wheatbelt||1908||1,917||740||1,251||1,207|| kellerberrin|
|Kent, Shire of||Nyabing||Great Southern||1922||5,631||2,174||547||562|| kent||Nyabing–Pingrup 1955–1972|
|Kojonup, Shire of||Kojonup||Great Southern||1871||2,932||1,132||2,044||1,980|| kojonup|
|Kondinin, Shire of||Kondinin||Wheatbelt||1925||7,427||2,868||985||870|| kondinin|
|Koorda, Shire of||Koorda||Wheatbelt||1927||2,835||1,095||446||408|| koorda|
|Kulin, Shire of||Kulin||Wheatbelt||1918||4,720||1,822||831||774|| kulin||Roe until 1926|
|Lake Grace, Shire of||Lake Grace||Wheatbelt||1922||11,892||4,592||1,374||1,282|| lakegrace|
|Laverton, Shire of||Laverton||Goldfields||1906||180,127||69,547||1,428||1,206|| laverton||Mount Margaret until 1950, absorbed Mount Morgans M (1900–1913)|
|Leonora, Shire of||Leonora||Goldfields||1912||31,941||12,332||2,419||1,529|| leonora|
|Mandurah, City of||Mandurah||Peel||1949||174||67||79,292||85,302|| mandurah||City in 1990|
|Manjimup, Shire of||Manjimup||South West||1908||7,027||2,713||9,482||9,159|| manjimup||Warren until 1925|
|Meekatharra, Shire of||Meekatharra||Mid West||1909||100,327||38,736||1,426||1,008|| meekashire|
|Menzies, Shire of||Menzies||Goldfields||1912||124,794||48,183||486||521|| menzies|
|Merredin, Shire of||Merredin||Wheatbelt||1921||3,297||1,273||3,379||3,410|| merredin|
|Mingenew, Shire of||Mingenew||Mid West||1901||1,937||748||487||432|| mingenew||Upper Irwin until 1919|
|Moora, Shire of||Moora||Wheatbelt||1908||3,767||1,454||2,527||2,426|| moora||Split from Victoria Plains|
|Morawa, Shire of||Morawa||Mid West||1928||3,517||1,358||872||698|| morawa||Split from Perenjori–Morawa RD|
|Mount Magnet, Shire of||Mount Magnet||Mid West||1901||13,893||5,364||661||464|| mtmagnet||Absorbed municipality (1896–1901)|
|Mount Marshall, Shire of||Bencubbin||Wheatbelt||1923||10,197||3,937||523||518|| mtmarshall|
|Mukinbudin, Shire of||Mukinbudin||Wheatbelt||1933||3,438||1,327||545||531|| mukinbudin|
|Murchison, Shire of||Murchison||Mid West||1875||45,110||17,417||146||162|| murchison|
|Murray, Shire of||Pinjarra||Peel||1887||1,711||661||16,087||17,653|| murray|
|Nannup, Shire of||Nannup||South West||1890||3,055||1,180||1,343||1,363|| nannup||Lower Blackwood until 1925|
|Narembeen, Shire of||Narembeen||Wheatbelt||1925||3,836||1,481||826||837|| narembeen|
|Narrogin, Shire of||Narrogin||Wheatbelt||1892||1,632||630||5,324||5,040|| narrogin||Absorbed Town of Narrogin (1906–2016)|
|Ngaanyatjarraku, Shire of||Warburton||Goldfields||1993||160,733||62,059||1,689||1,747|| ngaanyatjarraku|
|Northam, Shire of||Northam||Wheatbelt||1871||1,432||553||11,472||11,190|| northam||Absorbed Town of Northam (1879–2007)|
|Northampton, Shire of||Northampton||Mid West||1871||12,638||4,880||3,432||3,077|| northampton||Mines RD until 1887|
|Nungarin, Shire of||Nungarin||Wheatbelt||1921||1,164||449||254||247|| nungarin|
|Perenjori, Shire of||Perenjori||Mid West||1916||8,311||3,209||830||596|| perenjori||Perenjori–Morawa until 1928|
|Pingelly, Shire of||Pingelly||Wheatbelt||1891||1,295||500||1,205||1,152|| pingelly||Moorumbine until 1913|
|Plantagenet, Shire of||Mount Barker||Great Southern||1871||4,877||1,883||5,172||5,249|| plantagenet|
|Port Hedland, Town of||Port Hedland||Pilbara||1891||18,482||7,136||15,951||14,975|| porthedland||Pilbara until 1904. Town 1989|
|Quairading, Shire of||Quairading||Wheatbelt||1913||2,018||779||1,066||1,007|| quairading||Avon until 1922|
|Ravensthorpe, Shire of||Ravensthorpe||Goldfields||1900||9,833||3,797||2,118||1,598|| ravensthorpe||Phillips River until 1961|
|Sandstone, Shire of||Sandstone||Mid West||1897||32,714||12,631||112||81|| sandstone||Black Range until 1961|
|Shark Bay, Shire of||Denham||Gascoyne||1904||24,184||9,337||936||946|| sharkbay|
|Tammin, Shire of||Tammin||Wheatbelt||1948||1,103||426||415||401|| tammin||Split from Cunderdin|
|Three Springs, Shire of||Three Springs||Mid West||1928||2,656||1,025||638||591|| threesprings|
|Toodyay, Shire of||Toodyay||Wheatbelt||1912||1,693||654||4,682||4,427|| toodyay||Amalgamation of Newcastle M (1877) and Toodyay RD (1871)|
|Trayning, Shire of||Trayning||Wheatbelt||1911||1,652||638||366||348|| trayning|
|Upper Gascoyne, Shire of||Gascoyne Junction||Gascoyne||1887||58,007||22,397||270||279|| uppergascoyne|
|Victoria Plains, Shire of||Calingiri||Wheatbelt||1871||2,553||986||932||934|| victoriaplains|
|Wagin, Shire of||Wagin||Wheatbelt||1887||1,947||752||1,925||1,824|| wagin||Arthur until 1905. Absorbed municipality (1906–1961)|
|Wandering, Shire of||Wandering||Wheatbelt||1874||1,901||734||451||431|| wandering|
|Waroona, Shire of||Waroona||Peel||1898||832||321||3,931||4,169|| waroona||Drakesbrook until 1961|
|West Arthur, Shire of||Darkan||Wheatbelt||1896||2,834||1,094||884||798|| westarthur|
|Westonia, Shire of||Westonia||Wheatbelt||1916||3,316||1,280||302||302|| westonia|
|Wickepin, Shire of||Wickepin||Wheatbelt||1909||2,041||788||764||730|| wickepin|
|Williams, Shire of||Williams||Wheatbelt||1871||2,306||890||977||1,024|| williams|
|Wiluna, Shire of||Wiluna||Mid West||1909||181,662||70,140||1,131||706|| wiluna|
|Wongan–Ballidu, Shire of||Wongan Hills||Wheatbelt||1887||3,368||1,300||1,474||1,299|| wongan||Melbourne until 1926|
|Woodanilling, Shire of||Woodanilling||Great Southern||1906||1,129||436||430||428|| woodanilling|
|Wyalkatchem, Shire of||Wyalkatchem||Wheatbelt||1920||1,596||616||541||498|| wyalkatchem|
|Wyndham East Kimberley, Shire of||Kununurra||Kimberley||1887||112,023||43,252||8,243||7,317|| swek||East Kimberley until 1896, Wyndham until 1961|
|Yalgoo, Shire of||Yalgoo||Mid West||1907||27,976||10,802||426||357|| yalgoo||Upper Murchison until 1912|
|Yilgarn, Shire of||Southern Cross||Wheatbelt||1891||30,405||11,739||1,539||1,169|| yilgarn||Absorbed Southern Cross M (1892–1918)|
|York, Shire of||York||Wheatbelt||1871||2,133||824||3,619||3,591|| york||Absorbed Town of York (1871–1965)|
Ararat Rural City is a local government area in Victoria, Australia, located in the western part of the state. It covers an area of 4,211 square kilometres (1,626 sq mi) and in June 2018 had a population of 11,795.
The Rural City of Swan Hill is a local government area in Victoria, Australia, located in the north-western part of the state. It covers an area of 6,115 square kilometres (2,361 sq mi) and, in June 2018, had a population of 20,759. It includes the towns of Swan Hill, Lake Boga, Manangatang, Nyah, Nyah West, Piangil, Robinvale, Ultima and Woorinen South. It was formed in 1995 from the amalgamation of the City of Swan Hill, Shire of Swan Hill and part of the Shire of Kerang.
The Rural City of Wangaratta is a local government area in the Hume region of Victoria, Australia, located in the north-east part of the state. It covers an area of 3,645 square kilometres (1,407 sq mi) and, in June 2018, had a population of 29,087. It includes the towns of Cheshunt, Eldorado, Everton, Glenrowan, Greta, Greta West, Milawa, Moyhu, Oxley, Tarrawingee, Wangaratta and Whitfield. It was formed in 1994 from the amalgamation of the City of Wangaratta, Shire of Wangaratta, Shire of Oxley, and parts of the United Shire of Beechworth, Shire of Benalla and Shire of Yarrawonga. When formed the municipality was originally called the Shire of Milawa, but a few months later, was renamed to its current name.
The Shire of Colac Otway is a local government area in the Barwon South West region of Victoria, Australia, located in the south-western part of the state. It covers an area of 3,438 square kilometres (1,327 sq mi) and in June 2018 had a population of 21,503. It includes the towns of Apollo Bay, Beeac, Beech Forest, Birregurra, Colac, Cressy, Forrest, Johanna, Kennett River, Lavers Hill, Warrion and Wye River. It was formed in 1994 from the amalgamation of the City of Colac, Shire of Colac, Shire of Otway and part of the Shire of Heytesbury.
The Shire of Hindmarsh is a local government area in Victoria, Australia, located in the western part of the state. It covers an area of 7,527 square kilometres (2,906 sq mi) and in June 2018 had a population of 5,645, having fallen from 5,852 in June 2013.
The Shire of Northern Grampians is a local government area in the Wimmera region of Victoria, Australia, located in the western part of the state. It covers an area of 5,730 square kilometres (2,210 sq mi) and in June 2018 had a population of 11,431, having fallen from 12,087 in 2008. It includes the towns of Stawell, St Arnaud, Great Western, Marnoo, Glenorchy, Stuart Mill, Navarre and the tourist town of Halls Gap. It was formed in 1995 from the amalgamation of the City of Stawell, Town of St Arnaud, Shire of Stawell, Shire of Kara Kara and parts of the Shire of Wimmera, Shire of Dunmunkle and Shire of Donald.
The Shire of West Wimmera is a local government area in the western part of the Wimmera region of Victoria, Australia, located in the western part of the state. It covers an area of 9,108 square kilometres (3,517 sq mi) and in June 2018 had a population of 3,862. It includes the towns of Apsley, Edenhope, Goroke, Gymbowen, Harrow, Kaniva, Minimay, Nurcoung and Serviceton. It was formed in 1995 from the amalgamation of the Shire of Kaniva and parts of the Shire of Kowree, Shire of Arapiles and Shire of Glenelg.
The Shire of Yarriambiack is a local government area of Victoria, Australia, located in the north-western part of the state. It covers an area of 7,326 square kilometres (2,829 sq mi) and, in June 2018, had a population of 6,658, having fallen from 7,438 in 2008. It includes the towns of Hopetoun, Murtoa, Rupanyup and Warracknabeal. It was formed in 1995 from the amalgamation of the Shire of Warracknabeal, Shire of Karkarooc, and parts of the Shire of Dunmunkle and Shire of Wimmera.
The Rural City of Benalla is a local government area in the Hume region of Victoria, Australia, located in the north-east part of the state. It covers an area of 2,353 square kilometres (908 sq mi) and, in June 2018, had a population of 14,024.
The Shire of Mansfield is a local government area in the Hume region of Victoria, Australia, located in the north-east part of the state. It covers an area of 3,844 square kilometres (1,484 sq mi) and in June 2018, had a population of 8,979.
Local government in Australia is the third level of government division in Australia, and is administered by the states and territories, which in turn are beneath the federal level. Local government is not mentioned in the Constitution of Australia and two referenda in the 1970s and 1980s to alter the Constitution relating to local government were unsuccessful. Every state government recognises local government in its respective constitution. Unlike Canada or the United States, there is only one level of local government in each state, with no distinction such as cities and counties.
Clarkson is an outer northern suburb of Perth, Western Australia, located 34 kilometres north of Perth's central business district in the City of Wanneroo.
Tamala Park is an unpopulated locality in Perth, Western Australia. It sits on the border between the City of Wanneroo and the City of Joondalup local authorities, and separates the Clarkson-Butler region from the suburbs of Joondalup.
Council rangers are officers employed by local government areas in Australia to enforce the by-laws of those local governments and a limited range of state laws relating to such matters as litter control, animal control, dog laws, cat laws, bush fire control, off-road vehicles, emergency management, and parking.
The Shire of Northam is a local government area in the Wheatbelt region of Western Australia, beyond the northeastern fringe of the Perth metropolitan area centred on the town of Northam itself. The Shire covers an area of 1,431 square kilometres (553 sq mi). In 2007, it merged with the Town of Northam, almost tripling its population in the process from a previous size of 3,794.
The Shire of Peppermint Grove is a local government area in Perth, Western Australia, 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) southwest of the Perth central business district. At 1.1 km2 (0.42 sq mi), it is the smallest local government area in Australia; it contains only the eponymous suburb, Peppermint Grove. The council comprises seven elected councillors, with no ward divisions.
A local government area (LGA) is an administrative division of a country that a local government is responsible for. The size of an LGA varies by country but it is generally a subdivision of a state, province, division, or territory.
The Perth metropolitan region or the Perth metropolitan area is the administrative area and geographical extent of the Western Australian capital city of Perth and its conurbation.
Local government in the Australian state of Victoria consists of 79 local government areas (LGAs). Also referred to as municipalities, Victorian LGAs are classified as cities (34), shires (38), rural cities (6) and boroughs (1). In general, an urban or suburban LGA is called a city and is governed by a City Council, while a rural LGA covering a larger rural area is usually called a shire and is governed by a Shire Council. Local councils have the same administrative functions and similar political structures, regardless of their classification. They will typically have an elected council and usually a mayor or shire president responsible for chairing meetings of the council. The City of Melbourne has a Lord Mayor and Deputy Lord Mayor, who are directly elected, and in the other councils a mayor and deputy mayor are elected by fellow Councillors from among their own number. Since 2017, the mayor of the City of Greater Geelong has not been directly elected. In addition, there are also 10 unincorporated areas, consisting of small islands or ski resorts, which are administered either by the state government or management boards.