Local government areas of Western Australia

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Map of local government areas in Western Australia Western Australia Local Government Areas.svg
Map of local government areas in Western Australia

The local government areas of Western Australia (LGAs) are those areas, towns and districts in Western Australia that manage their own affairs to the extent permitted by the Local Government Act 1995 . [1] The Local Government Act 1995 also makes provision for regional local governments (referred to as "regional councils", established by two or more local governments for a particular purpose. [2]

Contents

There are three classifications of local government in Western Australia:

The Shire of Christmas Island and the Shire of Cocos (Keeling) Islands are Federal external territories and covered by the Indian Ocean Territories Administration of Laws Act, which allows the Western Australian Local Government Act to apply "on-island" as though it were a Commonwealth act. Nonetheless, Christmas Island and the Cocos (Keeling) Islands are not part of Western Australia.

History

The first form of local government in Western Australia were town trusts established under the Towns Improvement Act of 1838. [3] Many of these town trusts, including the Perth town trust, experienced severe administrative and financial difficulties, and in some cases barely functioned at all. [4]

The District Roads Act and Municipal Institutions Act, both of 1871 improved matters by allowing for the establishment of Roads Boards and Municipal Corporations. [5] Municipal Corporations had the capacity to levy property taxes, pass municipal by-laws and undertake various local regulatory services previously carried out by colonial officials and other central bodies. Corporations could also establish civic institutions and facilities with the governors' consent, including libraries and botanical gardens. [4] Road Boards where strictly limited to the construction of roads, could not levy property taxes and depended on colonial government grants for any expenditures.

Women were permitted to be elected to Road Boards from 1911 and to Municipal Corporations from 1919. [6] The influence of town clerk WE Bold and the greater Perth movement around this time led to the amalgamation of inner city local governments to create a greatly expanded City of Perth until 1993, when the City was broken up once again.

The first local government department was established by the state in 1949 to guide local government authorities. [7] Following the war local governments increasingly expanded their services from property, health and local infrastructure (roads, drainage) to community and social services.

Only a few cities  Perth, Fremantle, Subiaco, South Perth and Nedlands   existed prior to 1961. On 1 July 1961, all road districts became shires, and all municipalities became towns or cities.[ citation needed ] This structure has continued till the present day.

In the 1970s, the scope of local government services expanded to encompass the provision of nursing homes and other forms of aged care.

During the late 1980s, and early 1990s a bi-partisan reform process led to the Local Government Act 1995 , which amongst other changes, established for the first time a clear separation of responsibility between elected councillors and local government administration. Other key changes included a significant reduction in the number of decisions requiring ministerial approval which allowed for streamlined decision-making and greater local government autonomy.

In 2017 the McGowan government initiated a review process to reform the Local Government Act 1995. [8]

Although successive state governments have periodically promoted municipal amalgamation, only a small number of local governments have merged over the course of Western Australia's history. Historically most local governments have strongly resisted forced amalgamations [9] and the total number of authorities has declined only marginally over the last century. The most recent state government led effort to encourage the voluntary amalgamation of 30 metropolitan local governments into 16 was abandoned by the Barnett government in 2014. [10]

Metropolitan LGAs

Local government areaCouncil seat [11] Year est.Land area [12] Population density (2018) [12] PopulationNotes
km² sq mi 2013 [13] 2018 [13] [12]
Armadale, City of Armadale 189456021615772,66287,634Armadale-Kelmscott until 1979
Bassendean, Town of Bassendean 19011041,52115,82815,739West Guildford until 1922
Bayswater, City of Morley 189735141,97169,08368,232
Belmont, City of Cloverdale 189840151,04239,91941,510
Cambridge, Town of Floreat 19942281,29727,85628,481Split from Perth
Canning, City of Cannington 190765251,43393,49192,965Placed under control of a Commissioner in 2012
Claremont, Town of Claremont 1898522,16010,22010,704
Cockburn, City of Spearwood 187116865668102,787112,165Fremantle RD until 1959
Cottesloe, Town of Cottesloe 18953.922,1518,4098,188
East Fremantle, Town of East Fremantle 18973.112,4897,7408,711
Fremantle, City of Fremantle 18711971,62430,15630,868
Gosnells, City of Gosnells 190712749969119,381123,325
Joondalup, City of Joondalup 199899381,618164,414160,031Split from Wanneroo
Kalamunda, City of Kalamunda 189732412518258,62258,946Governed by a Commissioner until 1961
Kwinana, City of Kwinana Town Centre 19541204636334,70743,511
Melville, City of Booragoon [14] 190053201,929104,319101,940
Mosman Park, Town of Mosman Park 18994.322,0869,2179,067Split from Peppermint Grove RD. Buckland Hill RD 1899–1908, 1930–1937; Cottesloe Beach RD 1908–1930
Mundaring, Shire of Mundaring 19036432486139,64439,139Greenmount until 1932
Nedlands, City of Nedlands 18932081,14822,66522,554Claremont RD until 1932
Peppermint Grove, Shire of Peppermint Grove 18951.101,6121,6941,721
Perth, City of Perth 18561452,02424,31727,762
Rockingham, City of Rockingham 1897258100518119,300133,389
Serpentine–Jarrahdale, Shire of Mundijong 18949013483422,01130,933
South Perth, City of South Perth 189219.882,19844,34843,554
Stirling, City of Stirling 1871105412,103218,043220,249Shire of Perth until 1971
Subiaco, City of Subiaco 18965.623,04516,46617,106
Swan, City of Midland 18711,043403138123,643143,374
Victoria Park, Town of Victoria Park 19941872,04036,26036,601Split from Perth
Vincent, City of Leederville 19941143,17235,44236,088Split from Perth
Wanneroo, City of Wanneroo 1902683264298176,627203,679

Non-metropolitan LGAs

Local government areaCouncil seat [11] Region Year est.Land area [12] Population
WebsiteNotes
km² sq mi (2013) [13] (2018) [13] [12]
Albany, City of Albany Great Southern 19984,310.51,66436,31837,826 albany.wa.gov.au Formerly:
Town of Albany (1871)
Shire of Albany (1871)
Ashburton, Shire of Tom Price Pilbara 1972202,32578,11812,02513,329 ashburton.wa.gov.au West Pilbara until 1987. Formerly:
Shire of Ashburton (1887)
Shire of Tableland (1896)
Augusta–Margaret River, Shire of Margaret River South West 18912,12382013,48715,700 amrsc.wa.gov.au Augusta until 1926
Beverley, Shire of Beverley Wheatbelt 18712,3729161,6921,748 beverley.wa.gov.au
Boddington, Shire of Boddington Peel 19031,9007342,2251,833 boddington.wa.gov.au Marradong until 1961
Boyup Brook, Shire of Boyup Brook South West 18962,8271,0921,6671,756 boyupbrook.wa.gov.au Upper Blackwood until 1969
Bridgetown–Greenbushes, Shire of Bridgetown South West 19701,3405174,6474,722 bridgetown.wa.gov.au Amalgamation of:
Nelson RD (1887–1917), Bridgetown RD (1917–1961), Shire of Bridgetown (1961–1970);
Greenbushes RD (1900–1961), Shire of Greenbushes (1961–1970)
Brookton, Shire of Brookton Wheatbelt 19061,602619998965 brookton.wa.gov.au
Broome, Shire of Broome Kimberley 191854,63221,09417,18516,952 broome.wa.gov.au
Broomehill–Tambellup, Shire of Tambellup Great Southern 20072,6101,0081,1941,132 shirebt.wa.gov.au Formerly:
Shire of Broomehill (1892)
Shire of Tambellup (1905)
Bruce Rock, Shire of Bruce Rock Wheatbelt 19132,7271,053988940 brucerock.wa.gov.au East Avon until 1918
Bunbury, City of Bunbury South West 1871652532,95131,776 bunbury.wa.gov.au City in 1979
Busselton, City of Busselton South West 19511,45556234,69638,926 busselton.wa.gov.au Amalgamation of Municipality and RD (both 1871)
Capel, Shire of Capel South West 189455821516,48318,022 capel.wa.gov.au Bunbury RD until 1907
Carnamah, Shire of Carnamah Mid West 19232,8761,110566541 carnamah.wa.gov.au Split from Irwin and Mingenew
Carnarvon, Shire of Carnarvon Gascoyne 191146,66518,0176,0345,362 carnarvon.wa.gov.au Formerly:
Town of Carnarvon (1891–1965)
Lower Gascoyne RD (1887–1911)
Minilya RD (1893–1911)
Gascoyne–Minilya RD and Shire (1911–1965)
Chapman Valley, Shire of Nabawa Mid West 19013,9881,5401,3491,492 chapmanvalley.wa.gov.au Upper Chapman until 1958
Chittering, Shire of Bindoon Wheatbelt 18961,2214715,1125,742 chittering.wa.gov.au
Christmas Island, Shire of Christmas Island 1992137531,4621,928 [15] shire.gov.cx Federal external territory.
Cocos, Shire of Home Island 1992145605538 [15] shire.cc

Federal external territory.

Collie, Shire of Collie South West 19511,7116619,4648,754 collie.wa.gov.au Amalgamation of Municipality (1901) and RD (1900)
Coolgardie, Shire of Coolgardie Goldfields 192130,38111,7304,1963,506 coolgardie.wa.gov.au Amalgamation of Municipality (1894) and RD (1896)
Coorow, Shire of Coorow Mid West 19624,1941,6191,0991,004 coorow.wa.gov.au Split from Carnamah
Corrigin, Shire of Corrigin Wheatbelt 19132,6821,0361,1471,146 corrigin.wa.gov.au
Cranbrook, Shire of Cranbrook Great Southern 19263,2781,2661,1291,077 cranbrook.wa.gov.au
Cuballing, Shire of Cuballing Wheatbelt 19021,196462901862 cuballing.wa.gov.au
Cue, Shire of Cue Mid West 191213,6075,254272148 cue.wa.gov.au Amalgamation of Day Dawn M. (1894) and Cue RD (1895)
Cunderdin, Shire of Cunderdin Wheatbelt 18941,8647201,3921,440 cunderdin.wa.gov.au Split from Northam, named Meckering until 1944
Dalwallinu, Shire of Dalwallinu Wheatbelt 19167,2352,7931,3751,431 dalwallinu.wa.gov.au
Dandaragan, Shire of Jurien Bay Wheatbelt 18906,7182,5943,3083,259 dandaragan.wa.gov.au
Dardanup, Shire of Eaton South West 189452620313,82414,368 dardanup.wa.gov.au
Denmark, Shire of Denmark Great Southern 19111,8607185,8046,154 denmark.wa.gov.au
Derby–West Kimberley, Shire of Derby Kimberley 1884119,84146,2719,4918,255 sdwk.wa.gov.au West Kimberley until 1983
Donnybrook–Balingup, Shire of Donnybrook South West 19701,5616035,8036,062 donnybrook-balingup.wa.gov.au Formerly:
Shire of Donnybrook, Preston RD until 1961 (1896)
Shire of Balingup, Upper Capel RD until 1905 (1899)
Dowerin, Shire of Dowerin Wheatbelt 19111,865720707676 dowerin.wa.gov.au
Dumbleyung, Shire of Dumbleyung Wheatbelt 19092,542981653676 dumbleyung.wa.gov.au ]
Dundas, Shire of Norseman Goldfields 192992,65635,7751,069735 dundas.wa.gov.au
East Pilbara, Shire of Newman Pilbara 1972372,301143,74612,57010,970 eastpilbara.wa.gov.au Formerly:
Shire of Marble Bar (1896)
Shire of Nullagine (1898)
Esperance, Shire of Esperance Goldfields 189545,05917,39714,42214,281 esperance.wa.gov.au Absorbed municipality (1895–1908)
Exmouth, Shire of Exmouth Gascoyne 19646,5042,5112,6552,836 exmouth.wa.gov.au
Gingin, Shire of Gingin Wheatbelt 18933,2111,2405,2675,258 gingin.wa.gov.au Absorbed municipality (1893–1903)
Gnowangerup, Shire of Gnowangerup Great Southern 19124,2671,6471,2941,207 gnowangerup.wa.gov.au
Goomalling, Shire of Goomalling Wheatbelt 19271,8377091,0381,011 goomalling.wa.gov.au
Greater Geraldton, City of Geraldton Mid West 20119,9033,82439,83838,738 cgg.wa.gov.au Formerly:
City of Geraldton (1871–2007)
Shire of Greenough (1951–2007)
Shire of Mullewa (1911–2011)
Halls Creek, Shire of Halls Creek Kimberley 1887133,06151,3753,8103,490 hcshire.wa.gov.au Kimberley Goldfields until 1915
Harvey, Shire of Harvey South West 18941,72966825,65727,798 harvey.wa.gov.au
Irwin, Shire of Dongara Mid West 18712,3759173,7493,560 irwin.wa.gov.au
Jerramungup, Shire of Jerramungup Great Southern 19826,5092,5131,1121,133 jerramungup.wa.gov.au Split from Gnowangerup
Kalgoorlie–Boulder, City of Kalgoorlie Goldfields 198995,24236,77333,26729,998 kalbould.wa.gov.au Formerly:
Town of Kalgoorlie (1897–1989)
Shire of Boulder (1969–1989)
Karratha, City of Karratha Pilbara 188715,2785,89924,43222,414 karratha.wa.gov.au Absorbed Roebourne and Cossack municipalities in 1910, was known as Shire of Roebourne until 2014
Katanning, Shire of Katanning Great Southern 18921,5195864,4034,085 katanning.wa.gov.au
Kellerberrin, Shire of Kellerberrin Wheatbelt 19081,9177401,2511,207 kellerberrin.wa.gov.au
Kent, Shire of Nyabing Great Southern 19225,6312,174547562 kent.wa.gov.au Nyabing–Pingrup 1955–1972
Kojonup, Shire of Kojonup Great Southern 18712,9321,1322,0441,980 kojonup.wa.gov.au
Kondinin, Shire of Kondinin Wheatbelt 19257,4272,868985870 kondinin.wa.gov.au
Koorda, Shire of Koorda Wheatbelt 19272,8351,095446408 koorda.wa.gov.au
Kulin, Shire of Kulin Wheatbelt 19184,7201,822831774 kulin.wa.gov.au Roe until 1926
Lake Grace, Shire of Lake Grace Wheatbelt 192211,8924,5921,3741,282 lakegrace.wa.gov.au
Laverton, Shire of Laverton Goldfields 1906180,12769,5471,4281,206 laverton.wa.gov.au Mount Margaret until 1950, absorbed Mount Morgans M (1900–1913)
Leonora, Shire of Leonora Goldfields 191231,94112,3322,4191,529 leonora.wa.gov.au
Mandurah, City of Mandurah Peel 19491746779,29285,302 mandurah.wa.gov.au City in 1990
Manjimup, Shire of Manjimup South West 19087,0272,7139,4829,159 manjimup.wa.gov.au Warren until 1925
Meekatharra, Shire of Meekatharra Mid West 1909100,32738,7361,4261,008 meekashire.wa.gov.au
Menzies, Shire of Menzies Goldfields 1912124,79448,183486521 menzies.wa.gov.au
Merredin, Shire of Merredin Wheatbelt 19213,2971,2733,3793,410 merredin.wa.gov.au
Mingenew, Shire of Mingenew Mid West 19011,937748487432 mingenew.wa.gov.au Upper Irwin until 1919
Moora, Shire of Moora Wheatbelt 19083,7671,4542,5272,426 moora.wa.gov.au Split from Victoria Plains
Morawa, Shire of Morawa Mid West 19283,5171,358872698 morawa.wa.gov.au Split from Perenjori–Morawa RD
Mount Magnet, Shire of Mount Magnet Mid West 190113,8935,364661464 mtmagnet.wa.gov.au Absorbed municipality (1896–1901)
Mount Marshall, Shire of Bencubbin Wheatbelt 192310,1973,937523518 mtmarshall.wa.gov.au
Mukinbudin, Shire of Mukinbudin Wheatbelt 19333,4381,327545531 mukinbudin.wa.gov.au
Murchison, Shire of Murchison Mid West 187545,11017,417146162 murchison.wa.gov.au
Murray, Shire of Pinjarra Peel 18871,71166116,08717,653 murray.wa.gov.au
Nannup, Shire of Nannup South West 18903,0551,1801,3431,363 nannup.wa.gov.au Lower Blackwood until 1925
Narembeen, Shire of Narembeen Wheatbelt 19253,8361,481826837 narembeen.wa.gov.au
Narrogin, Shire of Narrogin Wheatbelt 18921,6326305,3245,040 narrogin.wa.gov.au Absorbed Town of Narrogin (1906–2016)
Ngaanyatjarraku, Shire of Warburton Goldfields 1993160,73362,0591,6891,747 ngaanyatjarraku.wa.gov.au
Northam, Shire of Northam Wheatbelt 18711,43255311,47211,190 northam.wa.gov.au Absorbed Town of Northam (1879–2007)
Northampton, Shire of Northampton Mid West 187112,6384,8803,4323,077 northampton.wa.gov.au Mines RD until 1887
Nungarin, Shire of Nungarin Wheatbelt 19211,164449254247 nungarin.wa.gov.au
Perenjori, Shire of Perenjori Mid West 19168,3113,209830596 perenjori.wa.gov.au Perenjori–Morawa until 1928
Pingelly, Shire of Pingelly Wheatbelt 18911,2955001,2051,152 pingelly.wa.gov.au Moorumbine until 1913
Plantagenet, Shire of Mount Barker Great Southern 18714,8771,8835,1725,249 plantagenet.wa.gov.au
Port Hedland, Town of Port Hedland Pilbara 189118,4827,13615,95114,975 porthedland.wa.gov.au Pilbara until 1904. Town 1989
Quairading, Shire of Quairading Wheatbelt 19132,0187791,0661,007 quairading.wa.gov.au Avon until 1922
Ravensthorpe, Shire of Ravensthorpe Goldfields 19009,8333,7972,1181,598 ravensthorpe.wa.gov.au Phillips River until 1961
Sandstone, Shire of Sandstone Mid West 189732,71412,63111281 sandstone.wa.gov.au Black Range until 1961
Shark Bay, Shire of Denham Gascoyne 190424,1849,337936946 sharkbay.wa.gov.au
Tammin, Shire of Tammin Wheatbelt 19481,103426415401 tammin.wa.gov.au Split from Cunderdin
Three Springs, Shire of Three Springs Mid West 19282,6561,025638591 threesprings.wa.gov.au
Toodyay, Shire of Toodyay Wheatbelt 19121,6936544,6824,427 toodyay.wa.gov.au Amalgamation of Newcastle M (1877) and Toodyay RD (1871)
Trayning, Shire of Trayning Wheatbelt 19111,652638366348 trayning.wa.gov.au
Upper Gascoyne, Shire of Gascoyne Junction Gascoyne 188758,00722,397270279 uppergascoyne.wa.gov.au
Victoria Plains, Shire of Calingiri Wheatbelt 18712,553986932934 victoriaplains.wa.gov.au
Wagin, Shire of Wagin Wheatbelt 18871,9477521,9251,824 wagin.wa.gov.au Arthur until 1905. Absorbed municipality (1906–1961)
Wandering, Shire of Wandering Wheatbelt 18741,901734451431 wandering.wa.gov.au
Waroona, Shire of Waroona Peel 18988323213,9314,169 waroona.wa.gov.au Drakesbrook until 1961
West Arthur, Shire of Darkan Wheatbelt 18962,8341,094884798 westarthur.wa.gov.au
Westonia, Shire of Westonia Wheatbelt 19163,3161,280302302 westonia.wa.gov.au
Wickepin, Shire of Wickepin Wheatbelt 19092,041788764730 wickepin.wa.gov.au
Williams, Shire of Williams Wheatbelt 18712,3068909771,024 williams.wa.gov.au
Wiluna, Shire of Wiluna Mid West 1909181,66270,1401,131706 wiluna.wa.gov.au
Wongan–Ballidu, Shire of Wongan Hills Wheatbelt 18873,3681,3001,4741,299 wongan.wa.gov.au Melbourne until 1926
Woodanilling, Shire of Woodanilling Great Southern 19061,129436430428 woodanilling.wa.gov.au
Wyalkatchem, Shire of Wyalkatchem Wheatbelt 19201,596616541498 wyalkatchem.wa.gov.au
Wyndham East Kimberley, Shire of Kununurra Kimberley 1887112,02343,2528,2437,317 swek.wa.gov.au East Kimberley until 1896, Wyndham until 1961
Yalgoo, Shire of Yalgoo Mid West 190727,97610,802426357 yalgoo.wa.gov.au Upper Murchison until 1912
Yilgarn, Shire of Southern Cross Wheatbelt 189130,40511,7391,5391,169 yilgarn.wa.gov.au Absorbed Southern Cross M (1892–1918)
York, Shire of York Wheatbelt 18712,1338243,6193,591 york.wa.gov.au Absorbed Town of York (1871–1965)

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A local government area (LGA) is an administrative division of a country that a local government is responsible for. The size of an LGA varies by country but it is generally a subdivision of a state, province, division, or territory.

Perth metropolitan region

The Perth metropolitan region or the Perth metropolitan area is the administrative area and geographical extent of the Western Australian capital city of Perth and its conurbation.

Local government in Victoria Third tier of government in Victoria, Australia

Local government in the Australian state of Victoria consists of 79 local government areas (LGAs). Also referred to as municipalities, Victorian LGAs are classified as cities (34), shires (38), rural cities (6) and boroughs (1). In general, an urban or suburban LGA is called a city and is governed by a City Council, while a rural LGA covering a larger rural area is usually called a shire and is governed by a Shire Council. Local councils have the same administrative functions and similar political structures, regardless of their classification. They will typically have an elected council and usually a mayor or shire president responsible for chairing meetings of the council. The City of Melbourne has a Lord Mayor and Deputy Lord Mayor, who are directly elected, and in the other councils a mayor and deputy mayor are elected by fellow Councillors from among their own number. Since 2017, the mayor of the City of Greater Geelong has not been directly elected. In addition, there are also 10 unincorporated areas, consisting of small islands or ski resorts, which are administered either by the state government or management boards.

References

  1. "Local Government Act 1995" . Retrieved 26 July 2011.
  2. Refer Part 3 Division 4 of the "Local Government Act 1995" . Retrieved 26 July 2011.
  3. Gregory, Jenny; Gothard, Janice; Gregory, Jenny; Gothard, Jan (2009), Historical encyclopedia of Western Australia, University of Western Australia Press, ISBN   978-1-921401-15-2 - Berry, Christopher Local Government pp.540-542. the act enabled the establishment of Town Trusts.
  4. 1 2 Johns, J. R. H. (1949). "The Development of Local Government in Western Australia". The Australian Journal of Public Administration: 172–179.
  5. District Roads Act 1871.
  6. "History". Western Australia Local Government Association. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  7. Committee for Perth (September 2009) ‘ Successful’ Metropolitan Local Government Models: Potential Lessons for Perth
  8. "Local Government Act Review". Department of Local Government, Sport and Cultural Industries . 25 June 2019.
  9. Consolidation in Local Government: A Fresh Look (May 2011), p16
  10. Foster, Brendan; Riddell, Alex (8 February 2015). "Council mergers scrapped after ratepayer polls". WA Today.
  11. 1 2 Department of Health. "Local Government contacts" . Retrieved 26 July 2009.
  12. 1 2 3 4 5 "3218.0 – Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2017-18: Population Estimates by Local Government Area (ASGS 2018), 2017 to 2018". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Australian Bureau of Statistics. 27 March 2019. Retrieved 25 October 2019. Estimated resident population, 30 June 2018.
  13. 1 2 3 4 "People: Population: ERP by LGA (ASGS 2018), 2001 to 2018". ABS.Stat. Australian Bureau of Statistics. 27 March 2019. Retrieved 29 November 2019.
  14. Contact Us – City of Melville
  15. 1 2 "ERP by SA2 and above (ASGS 2016), 2001 onwards". ABS.Stat. Australian Bureau of Statistics. 27 March 2019. Retrieved 7 December 2019.
  16. "Bunbury Harvey Regional Council" . Retrieved 19 April 2016.
  17. "Eastern Metropolitan Regional Council" . Retrieved 19 April 2016.
  18. "Mindarie Regional Council" . Retrieved 19 April 2016.
  19. "Murchison Regional Vermin Council" . Retrieved 3 August 2017.
  20. "Pilbara Regional Council" . Retrieved 19 April 2016.
  21. "Rivers Regional Council" . Retrieved 19 April 2016.
  22. "Southern Metropolitan Regional Council" . Retrieved 19 April 2016.
  23. "Tamala Park Regional Council" . Retrieved 19 April 2016.
  24. "Western Metropolitan Regional Council" . Retrieved 19 April 2016.