City of Perth

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City of Perth
Western Australia
Perth LGA WA.png
Population
 • Density1,089.31/km2 (2,821.3/sq mi)
Established1856
Area20.01 km2 (7.7 sq mi) [3] [ failed verification ]
Lord Mayor Basil Zempilas
Council seat Council House, Perth
Region Central Perth
State electorate(s) Perth
Federal Division(s) Perth
Coat of arms of the City of Perth.svg
Website City of Perth
LGAs around City of Perth:
Cambridge Vincent Vincent
Subiaco City of Perth Belmont
Nedlands South Perth Victoria Park

The City of Perth is a local government area and body, within the Perth metropolitan area, which is the capital of Western Australia. The local government is commonly known as Perth City Council. The City covers the Perth city centre and surrounding suburbs. The City covers an area of 20.01 square kilometres (8 sq mi) and had an estimated population of 21,092 as at 30 June 2015. On 1 July 2016 the City expanded, absorbing 1,247 residents from the City of Subiaco.

Contents

History

Perth Town Hall was the council seat from 1871 to 1925. Perth Town Hall (exterior).jpg
Perth Town Hall was the council seat from 1871 to 1925.
Perth Council House has been the council seat since 1963. Council House, Perth.jpg
Perth Council House has been the council seat since 1963.

In 1829, Captain James Stirling founded Perth as part of the Swan River Colony. A Perth Town Trust was formed in 1838, but remained largely non-functional for many years due to lack of finance and administrative capacity leading to its dissolution in 1858. [4] The City of Perth was officially declared on 23 September 1856. [5] In 1871, the City of Perth was reconsituted as a Municipal Corporation.

In 1915, following the efforts of WE Bold and the greater Perth movement, the City absorbed the Municipality of North Perth (1901) and the Municipality of Leederville (1895), and on 1 November 1917, the Municipality of Victoria Park was also absorbed. A year later, it absorbed territory from Perth Road Board (including the Belmont Park Racecourse) and purchased the 526 hectares (1,300 acres) Limekilns Estate in the western suburbs. The City developed the suburbs of Floreat Park, Wembley Park and City Beach on these lands.

In 1925, a new City of Perth Act gave the City additional powers over building control and regulation, including the power to declare new streets. In 1930 the first town planning committee was established.

Criticism of the City’s governance led to a Royal Commission in 1938 on the grounds that the development of the western suburbs had led to the neglect of health and building administration in the central city area.

By 1962, the council had 27 members representing nine wards. [6] In 1963 the Metropolitan Region Town Planning Scheme Act required the City to establish a town planning department—which they did by appointing architect Paul Ritter in 1965. [7] Ritter’s two year tenure was short and turbulent, leading to public conflict with councillors and his termination in 1967.

The City’s first town planning scheme was submitted to the Town Planning Board in 1973, but not formally adopted until 1985. The reason for the delay was a state government desire to take discretionary powers out of the hands of the Council. Council was felt to be too easily influenced by powerful developers. [8]

On 1 July 1994, following the passage of the City of Perth Restructuring Act (1993), the City of Perth was broken up and a significantly reduced City of Perth constituted. The Town of Shepperton, Town of Cambridge and Town of Vincent were created from the former boundaries of the City. [9] The first elections were held on 6 May 1995, with eight councillors and a mayor.

The City of Perth Act 2016 defined Perth as the capital of Western Australia, [10] and expanded the City's boundaries to include a number of landmarks including Kings Park, University of Western Australia, Perth Children's Hospital and the Queen Elizabeth II Medical Centre. The boundary changes took effect on 1 July 2016. [11] Approximately 1,247 residents from Nedlands and Subiaco in the City of Subiaco were transferred to the City of Perth, and the City expanded to a total area of 20.01 square kilometres (8 sq mi). [3] [ failed verification ]

The Perth City Council was suspended on 2 March 2018, pending the establishment of a public inquiry into the council, by Local Government Minister David Templeman. The council was administered by three Commissioners until 18 October 2020. [12]

Council

Suburbs

* The parts of these suburbs north of Newcastle and Summers Streets fall within the City of Vincent. These localities are only partially contained within the City of Perth boundary.
** The parts of these localities were transferred from the City of Subiaco in 2016. These localities are only partially contained within the City of Perth boundary.

Population

Pre-1915 composition

YearPopulation
191135,767

1915-1994 composition

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1921 64,166    
1933 82,290+2.09%
1947 98,890+1.32%
1954 97,350−0.22%
1961 94,508−0.42%
1966 96,223+0.36%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1971 97,546+0.27%
1976 87,598−2.13%
1981 79,398−1.95%
1986 79,409+0.00%
1991 79,422+0.00%

The 1991 population has been broken down by the Australian Bureau of Statistics as follows: Perth (C) 7,604; Cambridge (T) 22,740; Victoria Park (T) 24,313; Vincent (T) 24,765. [13]

1994-present composition

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1996 8,488    
2001 11,180+5.66%
2006 11,573+0.69%
YearPop.±% p.a.
2011 16,714+7.63%
2016 21,797 [1] +5.45%

Twin towns and sister cities

The City of Perth is twinned with:

Flag and coat of arms

Flag of Perth
Flag of Perth.svg
Use City
Proportion1:2
Adopted1975

The official Flag of Perth represents the city of Perth, Western Australia. It features the Saint George's Cross overlaid with the coat of arms of Perth in the centre. Though the designer of the flag is unknown, it is thought to have been designed prior to 1872. In the 1920s, the black swan was removed from the top left quadrant of the flag and replaced with the coat of arms in the centre of the cross. [15] [16] [17]

The coat of arms were originally granted to the City of Perth on 2 December 1926. They were altered with the addition of part of the arms of Perth, Scotland in 1949.

Heritage listed places

As of 2021, 1,053 places are heritage-listed in the City of Perth, [18] of which 220 are on the State Register of Heritage Places. [19]

Related Research Articles

City of Stirling Local government area in Western Australia

The City of Stirling is a local government area in the northern suburbs of the Western Australian capital city of Perth about 10 kilometres (6 mi) north of Perth's central business district. The City covers an area of 105.2 square kilometres (40.6 sq mi) and had a population of over 210,000 as at the 2016 Census, making it the largest local government area by population in Western Australia.

City of Nedlands Local government area in Perth, Western Australia

The City of Nedlands is a local government area in the inner western suburbs of the Western Australian capital city of Perth, about 7 kilometres (4 mi) west of Perth's central business district. The City is situated within the western suburbs of the metropolitan area—known colloquially as the “golden triangle” for the concentration of wealth and high housing values.

City of Belmont Local government area in Western Australia

The City of Belmont is a local government area in the inner eastern suburbs of the Western Australian capital city of Perth, located about 8 kilometres (5 mi) east of Perth's central business district on the south bank of the Swan River. The City covers an area of 39.8 square kilometres (15.4 sq mi), maintains 225 km of roads and had a population of almost 40,000 as at the 2016 Census. The City of Belmont is a member of the Eastern Metropolitan Regional Council

Town of Cambridge Local government area in Western Australia

The Town of Cambridge is a local government area in the inner western suburbs of the Western Australian capital city of Perth, about 5 kilometres (3 mi) west of Perth's central business district and extending to the Indian Ocean at City Beach. The Town covers an area of 22.0 square kilometres (8.5 sq mi) and had a population of almost 27,000 as at the 2016 Census. It was originally part of the City of Perth before the restructuring by the Western Australian State Government in 1994.

City of Canning Local government area in Western Australia

The City of Canning is a local government area in the southeastern suburbs of the Western Australian capital city of Perth, about 10 kilometres (6 mi) southeast of Perth's central business district. The City covers an area of 64.8 square kilometres (25.0 sq mi) and had a population of approximately 90,000 as at the 2016 Census.

Town of East Fremantle Local government area in Western Australia

The Town of East Fremantle is a local government area in the southern suburbs of the Western Australian capital city of Perth, located immediately northeast of the port city of Fremantle and about 17 kilometres (11 mi) southwest of Perth's central business district. The Town covers an area of 3.1 square kilometres (1.2 sq mi), maintains 46 km of roads and had a population of over 7,000 as at the 2016 Census.

City of South Perth Local government area in Western Australia

The City of South Perth is a local government area in the inner southern suburbs of the Western Australian capital city of Perth about 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) south of Perth's central business district. The City covers an area of 19.9 square kilometres (7.7 sq mi), maintains 203 kilometres (126 mi) of roads and a little over 4.3 km2 of parks and gardens, and had a population of about 42,000 at the 2016 Census. The City is the entirety of the state electoral district of South Perth. An area of Kensington joined into South Perth after the 2013 redistribution, although dwindling population growth in Victoria Park may mean that part of the City will move back.

Town of Victoria Park Local government area in Western Australia

The Town of Victoria Park is a local government area of Western Australia. It covers an area of 17.62 km² in metropolitan Perth, the capital of Western Australia. It had a population of approximately 35,000 as at the 2016 Census.

City of Wanneroo Local government area in Western Australia

The City of Wanneroo is a local government area with city status in the northern suburbs of Perth, Western Australia. It is centred approximately 25 kilometres (15.5 mi) north of Perth's central business district and forms part of the northern boundary of the Perth metropolitan area. Wangara encompasses the federal divisions of Cowan, Moore and Pearce.

Shire of Augusta–Margaret River Local government area in Western Australia

The Shire of Augusta Margaret River is a local government area in the south-west corner of the South West region of Western Australia, approximately 270 kilometres (168 mi) south of Perth. The shire covers an area of 2,243 square kilometres (866 sq mi) and had a population of over 14,000 at the 2016 Census, about half of whom live in the towns of Margaret River and Augusta.

City of Bunbury Local government area in Western Australia

The City of Bunbury is a local government area in the South West region of Western Australia, covering an area of 65.7 square kilometres (25.4 sq mi) along the coast about 180 kilometres (112 mi) south of Perth, the capital of Western Australia. The City of Bunbury is one of four local governments comprising the Greater Bunbury sub-region. As at the 2016 Census, the City of Bunbury had an estimated population of almost 32,000.

Town of Claremont Local government area in Western Australia

The Town of Claremont is a local government area in the inner western suburbs of the Western Australian capital city of Perth, located about halfway between the port city of Fremantle and Perth's central business district. The Town covers an area of 4.9 square kilometres (1.9 sq mi), maintains 48 km of roads and 87 km of footpaths, and has a population of approximately 10,000 as at the 2016 Census.

City of Subiaco Local government area in Western Australia

City of Subiaco is a local government area of Western Australia. It covers an area of approximately 7 km² in inner western metropolitan Perth and lies about 3 km west of the Perth CBD. The City includes the historically working class suburb of Subiaco centred around Rokeby Road. Since the 1990s the area has been extensively redeveloped and gentrified.

Shire of Peppermint Grove Local government area in Western Australia

The Shire of Peppermint Grove is a local government area in Perth, Western Australia, 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) southwest of the Perth central business district. At 1.1 km2 (0.42 sq mi), it is the smallest local government area in Australia; it contains only the eponymous suburb, Peppermint Grove. The council comprises seven elected councillors, with no ward divisions.

Town of Bassendean Local government area in Western Australia

The Town of Bassendean is a local government area in the northeastern suburbs of the Western Australian capital city of Perth, 6 kilometres (4 mi) west of the industrial centre of Midland and about 12 kilometres (7 mi) northeast of Perth's central business district. The Town covers an area of 10.4 square kilometres (4.0 sq mi), maintains 97 km of roads and had a population of approximately 15,000 as at the 2016 Census. The Town of Bassendean is a member of the Eastern Metropolitan Regional Council.

City of Armadale Local government area in Western Australia

The City of Armadale is a local government area in the south-eastern suburbs of the Western Australian capital city of Perth, about 28 kilometres (17.4 mi) southeast of Perth's central business district. The City covers an area of 560 square kilometres (216 sq mi), much of which is state forest rising into the Darling Scarp to the east, and had a population of almost 80,000 as at the 2016 Census.

Shire of Katanning Local government area in Western Australia

The Shire of Katanning is a local government area in the Great Southern region of Western Australia, about 170 kilometres (106 mi) north of Albany and about 290 kilometres (180 mi) southeast of the state capital, Perth. The Shire covers an area of 1,518 square kilometres (586 sq mi), and its seat of government is the town of Katanning.

Shire of Laverton Local government area in Western Australia

The Shire of Laverton is a local government area in the Goldfields-Esperance region of Western Australia, about 370 kilometres (230 mi) northeast of the city of Kalgoorlie and about 950 kilometres (590 mi) east-northeast of the state capital, Perth. The Shire covers an area of 179,798 square kilometres (69,420 sq mi), and its seat of government is the town of Laverton.

Shire of Broomehill–Tambellup Local government area in Western Australia

The Shire of Broomehill-Tambellup is a local government area in the Great Southern region of Western Australia, 320 kilometres (200 mi) south-southeast of the state capital, Perth. The Shire covers an area of 2,609.1 square kilometres (1,007.4 sq mi), and its seat of government is the town of Tambellup. It came into existence in 2008 through the amalgamation of the former Shire of Broomehill and Shire of Tambellup.

Western suburbs (Perth)

The western suburbs are an informally defined group of suburbs of Perth, Western Australia, located west of the city's central business district and north of the Swan River. The western suburbs are well known for high incomes, high house prices, riverfront mansions, private schools and proximity to ocean beaches.

References

  1. 1 2 Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Perth (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 23 November 2017. OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
  2. "3218.0 – Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2017-18". Australian Bureau of Statistics. 27 March 2019. Retrieved 3 December 2019. Estimated resident population (ERP) at 30 June 2018.
  3. 1 2 "FAQs for Transitioning Residents". City of Perth. Retrieved 25 April 2016.
  4. Johns, J. R. H. (1949). "The Development of Local Government in Western Australia". The Australian Journal of Public Administration: 172–179.
  5. "The Inquirer and Commercial News (Perth, WA: 1855-1901) Wednesday, 24th September, 1856, page 2".
  6. WA Electoral Commission, Municipality Boundary Amendments Register (release 2.0), 31 May 2003.
  7. PCC (Perth City Council), Minutes, 15/06/1964, p. 193.
  8. Gregory, Jenny (26 February 2009). "Development pressures and heritage in the Perth Central Business district 1950-90". Australian Economic History Review. 49 (1) via Wiley Online Library.
  9. "City of Perth Restructuring Act 1993". Act of 20 December 1993 . Retrieved 8 April 2016.
  10. "City of Perth Act 2016". Act of 3 March 2016 . Retrieved 8 April 2016.
  11. Foster, Brendan (26 February 2016). "City of Perth Act could cost jobs and impact services in Subiaco: Mayor". WAtoday.com.au. Retrieved 8 April 2016.
  12. Hon David Templeman MP (2 March 2018). "City of Perth council suspended, inquiry panel to determine fate" (Media Release). Western Australian Government. Retrieved 9 May 2018.
  13. Time series data accompanying 2001 Census at http://www.abs.gov.au. Accessed 10 December 2009.
  14. 姉妹・友好・兄弟都市 [Twin cities]. Kagoshima International Affairs Division (in Japanese). Archived from the original on 2 June 2013. Retrieved 8 August 2013.
  15. "History of the Council". City of Perth. Retrieved 19 December 2013.
  16. http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/au-wa-pe.html
  17. http://www.brisbanetimes.com.au/queensland/the-city-standard-but-do-you-recognise-it-20120404-1wcu8.html
  18. "City of Perth State Heritage Places". inherit.stateheritage.wa.gov.au. Heritage Council of Western Australia. Retrieved 23 February 2021.
  19. "City of Perth State Register of Heritage Places". inherit.stateheritage.wa.gov.au. Heritage Council of Western Australia. Retrieved 23 February 2021.

Coordinates: 31°57′S115°51′E / 31.950°S 115.850°E / -31.950; 115.850