List of Australian flags

Last updated

This is a list of flags of different designs that have been used in Australia.

Contents

National flags

FlagDateUseDescription
Flag of Australia (converted).svg 1908–present Australian National Flag, naval jack and state ensign A Blue Ensign defaced with the seven-point Commonwealth Star in the lower hoist quarter and the five stars of the Southern Cross in the fly half.
Flag of Australia (1903-1908).svg 1903–1908Historic national flag as approved by King Edward VII A Blue Ensign defaced with the Commonwealth Star (with 6 points) in the lower hoist quarter and the five stars of the Southern Cross in the fly half (all stars had seven points, except the smallest star only had 5 points).
Flag of Australia (1901-1903).svg 1901–1903Historic flag, original 1901 Federal Flag Design Competition winnerA British Blue Ensign defaced with the Commonwealth Star (with 6 points) in the lower hoist quarter and the five stars of the Southern Cross in the fly half (each star had a varying number of points: 9, 8, 7, 6 and 5). It was first flown in Melbourne on 3 September 1901. That day is known as Flag Day.
Link to file 1971–present Australian Aboriginal Flag A black and red flag with a yellow circle in the middle.
Link to file 1992–present Torres Strait Islander Flag A five-pointed star and traditional headdress in white, on a blue, green and black background.

Personal flags

Sovereign

FlagDateUseDescription
Royal Standard of Australia.svg 1962–present Personal Australian Flag of Queen Elizabeth II

Governor-General

FlagDateUseDescription
Flag of the Governor-General of Australia.svg 1953–present Flag of the Governor-General of Australia A crowned lion standing on a crown on a blue field. The crown used is St Edward's Crown.
Flag of the Governor General of Australia (1936-1953).svg 1936–1953 Flag of the Governor-General of Australia A crowned lion standing on a crown on a blue field. The crown used is the Tudor Crown.
Flag of the Governor General of Australia (1909-1936).svg 1909–1936 Flag of the Governor-General of Australia A Union Flag defaced with a seven pointed star, crowned, surrounded by ears of corn and a gold circlet. The crown used is the Tudor Crown.
Flag of the Governor General of Australia (1902-1909).svg 1902–1909 Flag of the Governor-General of Australia A Union Flag defaced with a six pointed star, crowned, surrounded by ears of corn and a gold circlet. The crown used is the Tudor Crown.

State Governors

FlagDateUseDescription
Flag of the Governor of New South Wales.svg 1981–presentFlag of the Governor of New South Wales The State Flag with a crowned badge.
Flag of the Governor of Queensland.svg 1876–present [lower-alpha 1] Flag of the Governor of Queensland The Union Flag defaced with the state badge.
Flag of the Governor of South Australia.svg 1975–presentFlag of the Governor of South Australia The State Flag with a crowned badge.
Flag of the Governor of Tasmania.svg 1977–presentFlag of the Governor of Tasmania The State Flag with a crowned badge.
Flag of the Governor of Victoria.svg 1984–presentFlag of the Governor of Victoria The State Flag with a yellow field and crowned southern cross.
Flag of the Governor of Western Australia.svg 1988–presentFlag of the Governor of Western Australia The State Flag with a crowned badge.

Prime Minister

FlagDateUseDescription
Car Flag of the Prime Minister of Australia (Flags of the World).svg 1950s–1966Car Flag of the Prime Minister of Australia The Australian national flag defaced with the coat of arms of Australia placed between the Commonwealth Star and the Southern Cross. Used by Robert Menzies in the 1950s and 1960s. [1] [2] [3]

States and territories

States

FlagDateUseDescription
Flag of New South Wales.svg 1876–present Flag of New South Wales A St George's Cross with four gold stars and a lion in the fly of a British blue ensign.
Flag of Queensland.svg 1876–present [lower-alpha 1] Flag of Queensland A light blue Maltese cross with a crown on a white background in the fly of a British blue ensign.
Flag of South Australia.svg 1904–present Flag of South Australia A piping shrike on a gold background in the fly of a British blue ensign.
Flag of Tasmania.svg 1875–present Flag of Tasmania A red lion on a white background in the fly of a British blue ensign.
Flag of Victoria (Australia).svg 1877–present [lower-alpha 1] Flag of Victoria The Southern Cross surmounted by a crown in the fly of a British blue ensign.
Flag of Western Australia.svg 1953–present Flag of Western Australia A black swan on a gold background in the fly of a British blue ensign.

Mainland territories

FlagDateUseDescription
Flag of the Australian Capital Territory.svg 1993–present Flag of the Australian Capital Territory One third blue with the Southern Cross, the other two thirds are yellow with the Coat of Arms of Canberra.
Flag of the Northern Territory.svg 1978–present Flag of the Northern Territory One third black with the Southern Cross, the other two thirds are brown with Sturt's Desert Rose, the floral emblem of the Territory.

External territories

FlagDateUseDescription
Flag of Christmas Island.svg 2002–present Flag of Christmas Island The blue and green diagonal panels represent the sea and the island's vegetation, a small map of the island is included in the centre. The main emblem is a golden bosun bird. The flag was selected from a competition held in 1986 and was approved in 2002.
Flag of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands.svg 2004–present Flag of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands The flag is green, with a palm tree on a gold disc in the canton, a gold crescent for the Cocos Malay people in the centre of the flag and a gold southern cross in the fly. The flag was designed in 2003 becoming official in 2004.
Flag of Norfolk Island.svg 1980–present Flag of Norfolk Island A green field with a white square containing a green Norfolk Island pine.

Civil ensigns

FlagDateUseDescription
Civil Ensign of Australia.svg 1909–present Australian Red Ensign A British Red Ensign with the Commonwealth Star at the hoist, and the Southern Cross in the fly half.
Civil Ensign of Australia (1903-1908).svg 1903–1909Red Ensign as approved by King Edward VIIA Red Ensign defaced with the Commonwealth Star (with 6 points) in the lower hoist quarter and the five stars of the Southern Cross in the fly half (all stars had seven points).
Civil Ensign of Australia (1901-1903).svg 1901–1903Red version of the 1901 Federal Flag Design Competition winnerA British Red Ensign defaced with the Commonwealth Star (with 6 points) in the lower hoist quarter and the five stars of the Southern Cross in the fly half (each star had a varying number of points: 9, 8, 7, and 6).
Civil Air Ensign of Australia.svg 1948–present Australian Civil Air Ensign Based on the British Civil Air Ensign, with the addition of the Southern Cross and Commonwealth Star in white.
Civil Air Ensign of Australia (1935-1948).svg 1935–1948Australian Civil Air EnsignBased on the British Civil Air Ensign, with the addition of the Southern Cross and Commonwealth Star in yellow.

Australian Defence Force

FlagDateUseDescription
Link to file 2000–present Australian Defence Force Ensign A tricolour of dark blue (navy); red (army) and light blue (airforce) with the Triservice badge.

Royal Australian Navy

FlagDateUseDescription
Naval Ensign of Australia.svg 1967–present Australian White Ensign Based on the British White Ensign, a version of the national flag with a white field and the Commonwealth Star and the Southern Cross in blue.
Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg 1911–1967 Royal Australian Navy Ensign St George's Ensign or White Ensign: white field defaced with a thin Cross of Saint George, Union Flag in the first quarter. It was replaced by the Australian White Ensign.
Flag of the Australian Navy Board.svg 1920–presentFlag of the Chief of Navy A fouled anchor on a red-blue background.
Link to file 2001–present Australian Navy Cadets Ensign A blue ensign with the Australian White Ensign in canton and the badge of the Australian Navy Cadets in the fly.
Naval Ensign of the Australian Navy Cadets.svg 1972–2001 Naval Reserve Cadets Ensign A blue ensign with the Australian White Ensign in canton and the badge of the Naval Reserve Cadets in the fly. Replaced by the Australian Navy Cadets Ensign.
Ensign of the Sea Cadet Corps.svg 1956–1972 Sea Cadet Corps A blue ensign with the badge of the Sea Cadet Corps in the fly. Replaced by the Naval Reserve Cadets Ensign.

Royal Australian Air Force

FlagDateUseDescription
Ensign of the Royal Australian Air Force.svg 1982–present Royal Australian Air Force Ensign The national flag with a light blue field, the Southern Cross tilted and the RAAF roundel (Kangaroo) placed in the lower fly.
Air Force Ensign of Australia (1948-1982).svg 1948–1982Royal Australian Air Force EnsignThe national flag with a light blue field, the Southern Cross tilted and the RAAF roundel placed in the lower fly.
Ensign of the Royal Air Force.svg 1921–1948Royal Australian Air Force EnsignThe British Royal Air Force Ensign.
Australian Air Chief Marshal Officer Distinguishing Flag.svg 1982–presentFlag of the Australian Air Chief Marshal OfficerFive horizontal stripes of dark blue, light blue, red, light blue and dark blue, four six-pointed stars in the middle stripe.

Australian Border Force

The department names of Australia's border protection service have slightly changed over time, they are as follows;

FlagDateUseDescription
Australian Border Force Flag.svg 2015–present Australian Border Force Flag The Australian national flag defaced with "AUSTRALIAN BORDER FORCE"
Australian Border Force Flag 2015.svg 2015 Australian Border Force Flag as used temporarilyThe Australian national flag defaced with "BORDER FORCE"
Australian Customs Flag 1988-2015.svg 1988–2015Australian Customs FlagThe Australian national flag defaced with "CUSTOMS"
Australian Customs Flag 1909-1988.svg 1909–1988Australian Customs FlagThe Australian national flag defaced with "HMC"
Australian Customs Flag 1904-1909.svg 1904–1909Australian Customs FlagThe Australian national flag defaced with "HMC"
Australian Customs Flag 1903-1904.svg 1903–1904Australian Customs FlagThe Australian national flag defaced with "HMC AUSTRALIA"
Australian Customs Flag 1901-1903.svg 1901–1903Australian Customs FlagThe Australian national flag defaced with "HMC AUSTRALIA"

Federal and state police

FlagDateUseDescription
Link to file 1982–presentFlag of the Australian Federal Police A black-white-black vertical tricolor, with the badge of the Australian Federal Police in the centre of the white stripe. A black-and-white checkerboard borders the flag.
Link to file 1981–presentFlag of the New South Wales Police Force An azure-and-white horizontal bicolor with the badge of the New South Wales Police Force in the centre of the flag.
Link to file 2006–presentFlag of the Northern Territory Police A variant of the Northern Territory flag with the Northern Territory Police badge replacing the flower in the fly.
Link to file 2006–presentFlag of the Queensland Police Service A light blue-and-dark blue horizontal bicolor with the badge of the Queensland Police Service in the centre of the flag.
Link to file 1993–presentFlag of the South Australia Police A British Blue Ensign defaced with the badge of the South Australia Police within a white disk.
Flag of Tasmania Police.svg ??–presentFlag of the Tasmania Police An azure flag with the badge of the Tasmania Police in the centre of the flag.
Link to file ??–presentFlag of the Victoria Police A British Blue Ensign defaced with the badge of the Victoria Police.
2005–presentFlag of the Western Australia Police A white flag with a stylised depiction of a swan and checkerboard in blue, with the Western Australia Police emblem added.

Cities and areas

FlagDateUseDescription
Flag of Adelaide.svg 1982–present Armorial Flag of the City of Adelaide Blue background divided into four quarters by a Saint George's Cross outlined in gold overlain with the Arms of the City of Adelaide. Flag bordered on three sides by diagonal blue and gold stripes. [4]
Flag of Brisbane.svg 1947–present [5] Flag of the City of Brisbane Blue background (representing the Brisbane River) bordered by a golden checker pattern (representing the Sun and Brisbane's warm climate) with the flag divided into six quarters. The upper hoist quarter contains a golden caducei superimposed on wavy white lines, representing the Brisbane River and its ties to the city's commerce. The lower hoist quarter contains two Stafford knots and a white star arranged vertically (all represent the achievements in astronomy of Sir Thomas Brisbane, for whom the city is named). The remaining segments alternate between these two designs. The flag design is based on the shield on the coat of arms of Brisbane. [6] [7]
Link to file 2009–presentFlag of the City of Darwin According to council policy, Darwin maintains two flags. [8] The policy reads "One flag will contain the official Coat of Arms, with its nine colours and the CITY OF DARWIN printed underneath in blue, on a yellow background flanked by red and green. The other flag will contain the City Logo and be in the colours of blue, green and white, on a white background." [9]
Link to file Flag of the City of Hobart The flag of Hobart City Council, of Tasmania, Australia. Designed in 1951 by Hobart architect and alderman, I.G. Anderson and first flown in 1953.

The star is derived from the arms of Lord Hobart, 4th Earl of Buckinghamshire (1760–1816), Secretary of State for War and the Colonies at the time of colonial settlement (1804), and after whom Hobart is named. The colour used on the arms Lord Hobart was, in fact, sable (black), rather than blue.

The red lion is from the Tasmanian flag – and its location at the top of the shield signifies Hobart's position as the Capital City. [10]

Tasmania Launceston City Flag.svg Flag of the City of Launceston The Launceston flag design is based on the city's Coat of Arms granted by the College of Arms, London on 11 June 1957. [11] The Brisbane Street Mall, the War memorial at Royal Park, the original Queen Victoria Museum (now the Art Gallery) building, atop the Council Chambers and on top of the Albert Hall are places in the city where the flag is regularly flown. The three intersecting lines in the flag represent the city's three rivers (North Esk, South Esk and Tamar) and the two rectangles in the lines represent tin ingots. The strip across the top with the jagged edge is green to represent the city's parks, gardens and surrounding countryside. Waratah flowers at the top symbolise all flowers and similar beauties of nature. The ingots are included because Launceston used to be a large tin smelting centre. The little circle at the river junction is Launceston.
Flag of the City of Melbourne White background divided into four quarters by a Saint George's Cross outlined by a concise and overlain with St Edward's Crown. Quadrant features represent the main activities of the economy of the City of Melbourne in the mid 19th century and are, in a clockwise direction from top left, a fleece hanging from a red ring (wool), a black bull standing on a hillock (cattle), a three-mast ship in full sail (shipping), and a spouting whale in the sea (whaling). The flag design is identical to the shield on the coat of arms of Melbourne. [12]
??Flag of the City of Newcastle The colours are brown over green, taken from the shoulder patch of a Battalion raised in the Newcastle/Hunter region. The shield has a gold chief, containing a black diamond, a white sheep's fleece banded gold and a black wheel, representing the principal pursuits of the area: coal mining, farming and grazing, and industry and trade. Below this, the field is green, with a blue downward pointed triangle (pile) bordered gold, portraying a port with the waters of the sea thrusting into the green land. Fertility is emphasised by the gold border. The crest is a lighthouse, for the Nobby's Head lighthouse at the entrance to the harbour, and sits on a helmet with mural crown (city status) and blue, green and gold mantling. The arms stand on a compartment depicting the golden sand and white waves of the city's beaches (with a scroll inscribed "Enterprise") and are supported by two seagulls with mural crowns (the setting and nature of the city). [13]
Flag of Perth.svg 1949–present Flag of the City of Perth Saint George's Cross overlaid with the City of Perth Coat of Arms in the centre. [14]
City of Sydney Flag.svg 1908–present Flag of the City of Sydney The flag is a horizontal triband of three colours – white, gold and blue. The top third features three designs. In the top left the arms belong to Thomas Townshend, Viscount Sydney, after whom the city was named. The English Naval Flag in the centre acknowledges the role Arthur Philip played in Sydney's foundation. The red cross is overlaid with a globe and two stars – the principal features of James Cook's Arms, which were granted as a posthumous honour for his service in mapping Australia. The arms in the top right belong to the first Lord Mayor of Sydney, Thomas Hughes. It was during his term of office that the title of Mayor became Lord Mayor, and the official coat of arms for the city was granted. The remaining field of the flag features a ship under full sail, an allusion to the prominence of Sydney as a maritime port. [15]
circa 1960–2008Flag of the City of Toowoomba The flag of Toowoomba city is a violet coloured ensign which makes reference to the city's floral emblem of the day, the Toowoomba Violet (aka the sweet violet, Lat. 'Viola odorata'). [16]

Notable is the city's coat of arms [17] in the centre of the ensign and the city's name on the left of the flag, lettered from top to bottom. [18]

2008–presentFlag of Toowoomba A new Toowoomba flag was created in 2007 and became the official flag of the Toowoomba Region on 15 March 2008 with the amalgamation of 8 councils; The councils were Clifton Shire, Crows Nest Shire, Cambooya Shire, Jondaryan Shire, Millmerran Shire, Pittsworth Shire, Rosalie Shire and Toowoomba City. [19]

The predominant colours are white and teal. The three white rings in the flag intersect to create eight spaces from their loops and exterior, symbolising the unity of the eight amalgamated former councils. The colour of teal also respresents unity. [20]

Link to file 1965–presentFlag of Wagga Wagga Officially, the Wagga Wagga City Flag is square. [21] The upper quarter of the flag contains eight stalks of wheat positioned so as to form two capital letters W on a vert (green) field. The lower quarter of the upper half of the flag contains a wavy blue line on gold (yellow) representing the river winding through the wheat fields. The lower half of the flag contains the head of a ram positioned centrally on a vert (green) field.
Murray River Flag (Upper).svg 1850–presentUpper Murray River Flag Flown by vessels on the upper reaches of the Murray River, predominantly in Victoria. The blue bars are said to represent the four major rivers that form the Murray-Darling River system and their dark hue represents the darker colour of the Murray River's darker waters in Victoria and NSW.
Murray River Flag (Lower).svg 1850–presentLower Murray River Flag Flown by vessels on the lower reaches of the Murray River, predominantly in South Australia. The blue bars are said to represent the four major rivers that form the Murray-Darling River system and their light hue represents the lighter colour of the Murray River's lighter waters in South Australia.
Flag of Lord Howe Island.svg 1998–present Flag of Lord Howe Island, New South Wales Despite being an unofficial flag of a state-integrated island, it is used to represent the island.

Religious flags

FlagDateUseDescription
Anglican Church of Australia.svg Flag of the Anglican Church of Australia A red St. George's Cross bordered in white, on a field of dark blue, with four white eight pointed stars in each of the four quarters. In the centre is a gold bishop's mitre.

Historical flags

FlagDateUseDescription
Flag of Great Britain (1707-1800).svg 1788–1801 Union Flag The Union Flag of the Kingdom of Great Britain. Raised by Captain Arthur Phillip RN on 26 January 1788 at Sydney Cove upon the landing of the First Fleet.
Flag of the United Kingdom (Australian shade).svg 1801–1903 Union Flag The Union Flag of the United Kingdom.
Bowman Flag.svg 1806 Bowman Flag A white swallow-tail fly, with a crest featuring the Rose of England, the thistle of Scotland and the shamrock of Ireland supported by an emu and kangaroo. The design was an inspiration for Australia’s National Coat of Arms.
Australian Colonial Flag.svg 1823/24–1831 National Colonial Flag for Australia A British White Ensign, featuring four white stars on the red cross
Australian Federation Flag.svg 1830s–1920s Australian Federation Flag A British White Ensign, featuring the cross in blue with five white stars. It was the de facto flag of Australia from 1 January 1901 to 3 September 1901.
AntiTransportation League Flag.svg 1849–1853 Australasian Anti-Transportation League Flag British Blue Ensign, with yellow Southern Cross and white border, to which branch names were added
Van Diemens Land Ensign.svg 1850s–1875 Van Diemen's Land Ensign A British White Ensign, featuring six blue bars
Eureka Flag.svg 1854 Eureka Flag The battle flag of the Eureka Stockade featured the five stars of the constellation Crux Australis in white on a white cross and blue field
QueenslandSeparationFlag.svg 1859Queensland Separation FlagThe Queensland Separation Flag, flown on 10 December 1859 to mark Queensland becoming a separate colony from New South Wales. A red cross on a light blue field, with the Union Jack in the canton.
Australian Honour Flag.svg 1918 Australian Honour Flag
1988Bicentennial FlagThe 200th anniversary of European settlement in Australia [22]
2001Centenary of Federation FlagThe 100th anniversary of Federation – the establishment of the Commonwealth of Australia [22]

Sporting flags

FlagDateUseDescription
Flag of Australasian team for Olympic games.svg 1908–1912Flag of the Australasian Olympic Team A Blue Ensign defaced by a white circle containing the British Crown plus a shield containing the Southern Cross.
Link to file 1983–present Boxing Kangaroo sporting flagA golden kangaroo wearing red boxing gloves on a green field.
2000 Sydney Olympics sporting flag [22]
2006 Melbourne Commonwealth Games sporting flag [22]

See also

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 The rendition of the crown has changed according to the monarchs' wishes. In c. 1901 it was changed to the Tudor Crown, and in 1953 to the St Edward's Crown.

Related Research Articles

Coat of arms of the Australian Capital Territory Heraldic visual design for the territory containing the Australian capital city of Canberra

The coat of arms of the City of Canberra, also known as Armorial Bearings of the City of Canberra, was granted to Federal Capital Commission, its successors and the City of Canberra by King George V in 1928. It has been used by the Australian Capital Territory as its de facto coat of arms, as the territory does not have its own coat of arms. A modified version of this coat of arms also appears on the flag of the Australian Capital Territory since 1993.

Coat of arms of Australia coat of arms

The coat of arms of Australia, officially called the Commonwealth Coat of Arms, is the formal symbol of the Commonwealth of Australia. A shield, depicting symbols of Australia's six states, is held up by the native Australian animals the kangaroo and the emu. The seven-pointed Commonwealth Star surmounting the crest also represents the states and territories, while floral emblems appear below the shield.

Toowoomba City in Queensland, Australia

Toowoomba is a regional city in the Toowoomba Region, Queensland, Australia. It is 125 km (78 mi) west of Queensland's capital city Brisbane by road. The estimated urban population of Toowoomba as of June 2018 was 136,861, having grown at an average annual rate of 1.02% year-on-year over the preceding five years. A university and cathedral city, it hosts the Toowoomba Carnival of Flowers each September and national championship events for the sports of mountain biking and motocross. There are more than 150 public parks and gardens in Toowoomba. It has developed into a regional centre for business, finance being the headquarters for Australia's largest mutual bank; Heritage Bank and government services. Toowoomba is served by Toowoomba Wellcamp Airport and the smaller Toowoomba City Aerodrome.

Charles Sturt University public university in Australia

Charles Sturt University (CSU) is an Australian multi-campus public university located in New South Wales, Australian Capital Territory, Victoria and Queensland. Established in 1989, it was named in honour of Captain Charles Sturt, a British explorer who made expeditions into regional New South Wales and South Australia.

New England Highway highway in New South Wales and Queensland

The New England Highway is an 878-kilometre (546 mi) long highway in Australia running from Hexham at Newcastle, New South Wales at its southern end to Yarraman, north of Toowoomba, Queensland at its northern end. It is part of Australia's National Highway system, and forms part of the inland route between Brisbane and Sydney.

Oakey, Queensland Town in Queensland, Australia

Oakey is a rural town and locality in the Toowoomba Region, Queensland, Australia. In the 2016 census, Oakey had a population of 4,705 people.

Goondiwindi Town in Queensland, Australia

Goondiwindi is a rural town and locality in the Goondiwindi Region, Queensland, Australia. It is on the border of Queensland and New South Wales. In the 2016 census, Goondiwindi had a population of 6,355 people.

Nobby, Queensland Town in Queensland, Australia

Nobby is a rural town and locality on the Darling Downs in the Toowoomba Region, Queensland, Australia. It is located halfway between Toowoomba and Warwick. In the 2016 census, Nobby had a population of 563 people.

QantasLink is a regional brand of Australian airline Qantas and is an affiliate member of the Oneworld airline alliance. It is a major competitor to Regional Express Airlines and Virgin Australia Regional Airlines. As of September 2010 QantasLink provides 1,900 flights each week to 54 domestic locations.

South East Queensland Region in Queensland, Australia

South East Queensland (SEQ) is a bio-geographical, political, and administrative region of the state of Queensland in Australia, which contains more than 3.6 million people out of the state's population of 5.1 million. The area covered by South East Queensland varies, depending on the definition of the region, though it tends to include Queensland's three largest cities: the capital city Brisbane; the Gold Coast; and the Sunshine Coast. Its most common use is for political purposes, and covers 22,420 square kilometres (8,660 sq mi) and incorporates 11 local government areas, extending 240 kilometres (150 mi) from Noosa in the north to the Gold Coast and New South Wales border in the south, and 140 kilometres (87 mi) west to Toowoomba.

Flag of Transnistria national flag of the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic

The flag of the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic consists of three horizontal bands of red, green and red, of vertical width 3:2:3, with the golden hammer and sickle and a gold-bordered red star in the upper canton. Transnistria adopted this design that comprises a version of the 1952–1990 flag of the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic in the 2000 Law about State Symbols.

Littleton Groom Australian member of parliament and minister

Sir Littleton Ernest Groom KCMG KC was an Australian politician. He held ministerial office under four prime ministers between 1905 and 1925, and subsequently served as Speaker of the House of Representatives from 1926 to 1929.

Coat of arms of Brisbane

The Coat of Arms of Brisbane is a historic icon; symbolising aspects of not only the City but also the eponymous Governor of New South Wales, Sir Thomas Brisbane.

Greyhound Australia Australian intercity bus company

Greyhound Australia is an Australian coach operator running services in all mainland states and territories. It is owned by KordaMentha (85%) and the Chapman Group (15%). The company was established in 1928 and is not affiliated with similarly named companies in other countries.

Inland Rail

Inland Rail is a railway construction project extending from Melbourne to Acacia Ridge, Queensland along a route west of the mountainous Great Dividing Range. The railway will transport freight between Melbourne and Brisbane with an anticipated transit time of less than 24 hours. Construction of the railway commenced in 2018 and is scheduled to be completed in 2025. The Australian Government selected the Australian Rail Track Corporation (ARTC) to deliver Inland Rail, in partnership with the private sector, and has committed $9.3 billion to the delivery of Inland Rail.

WIN News is a local television news service in parts of regional Australia, produced by WIN Television. 12 regional bulletins and news update services are presented from WIN's headquarters in Wollongong, with production of a national compilation programme shared between the city and Maroochydore.

Flag of Brisbane

The flag of Brisbane is based upon the arms of the Australian City of Brisbane. The two primary colours used are blue and gold, with blue representing the sea and the Brisbane River which flows through the city, and gold representing the sun and the city's warm climate.

Yugara Wikipedia disambiguation page

Jagera, also written Yagarr,Yaggera, Yuggara,Yuggera, Chepara-Yuggara, Chepara-Yugara, Yugarabul, Yuggarapul, and Yugarapul are the Australian Aboriginal people who are the Traditional Owners of the territories from Moreton Bay to the base of the Toowoomba ranges including the city of Brisbane. The Turrbal people are of roughly a group from the north of Brisbane, but referring strictly speaking to a Jagera dialect.

Toowoomba Wellcamp Airport airport in Australia

Toowoomba Wellcamp Airport is an airport in Wellcamp, 8.4 nautical miles west from the CBD of Toowoomba, Queensland, Australia. It was known as Brisbane West Wellcamp Airport until November 2017.

References

  1. ABC Television show "Auction Room", 11 November 2012
  2. Pg 207. Flags of the World, Barraclough, E.M.C., ISBN   978-0-72-322797-7
  3. Jonathan Dixon; Ian MacDonald. "Prime Minister – Australia" . Retrieved 4 November 2015.
  4. "History of Council". Adelaide City Council. Retrieved 22 January 2015.
  5. "The city standard, but do you recognise it?". Brisbane Times. Retrieved 22 January 2015.
  6. "Symbols used by Council". Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 4 November 2015.
  7. Jonathan Dixon; Ian MacDonald. "City of Brisbane (Queensland, Australia)" . Retrieved 4 November 2015.
  8. "Darwin (Northern Territory, Australia)".
  9. "Council's Symbols" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2009. Retrieved 5 December 2016.
  10. "Hobart Coat of Arms – City of Hobart, Tasmania Australia" . Retrieved 20 September 2018.
  11. "Coat of Arms". Launceston City Council. Archived from the original on 22 July 2008. Retrieved 16 August 2008.
  12. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 25 January 2014. Retrieved 27 May 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  13. "City of Newcastle (NSW, Australia)". www.crwflags.com. Retrieved 21 July 2016.
  14. "History of the Council". City of Perth. Retrieved 19 December 2013.
  15. "Sydney's flag and flower". City of Sydney. Retrieved 26 June 2015.
  16. "Arrowhead Voilet". Toowoomba Plants: Natives of the Region suitable for Gardens. Retrieved 7 January 2019.
  17. "Toowoomba". Heraldy of the World. Retrieved 7 January 2019.
  18. "Toowoomba Flags". toowoomba.org. Retrieved 1 January 2019.
  19. "Toowoomba Region Amalgamation". Toowoomba Regional Council. Retrieved 1 January 2019.
  20. "Toowoomba Flags". toowoomba.org. Retrieved 1 January 2019.
  21. "Wagga Wagga City Flag" . Retrieved 3 October 2016.
  22. 1 2 3 4 Historical Flags of Australia