Perth (suburb)

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Perth
Perth,  Western Australia
Perth (33149647603).jpg
Perth central business district
Metropolitan Perth.svg
Red pog.svg
Perth
Coordinates 31°57′S115°51′E / 31.95°S 115.85°E / -31.95; 115.85 Coordinates: 31°57′S115°51′E / 31.95°S 115.85°E / -31.95; 115.85
Population11,425 (2016 census) [1]
Established1829
Postcode(s) 6000
LGA(s) City of Perth
City of Vincent
State electorate(s) Perth
Federal Division(s) Perth
Suburbs around Perth:
North Perth North Perth Highgate
Northbridge Perth East Perth
West Perth South Perth Victoria Park

Perth is a suburb in Western Australia that includes both the central business district of the Perth metropolitan area, and a suburban area spreading north to the northern side of Hyde Park. It does not include the separate suburbs of Northbridge or Highgate. Perth is split between the City of Perth and the City of Vincent local authorities, and was named after the city of the same name in Scotland. [2]

Contents

Built environment

The dominant land use in Perth is commercial. Office buildings include 108 St Georges Terrace, QV.1, Brookfield Place and Central Park – the tallest building in the city and the tenth tallest in Australia. [3]

Significant buildings

Council House, Perth Perth Council House.jpg
Council House, Perth

The Perth Town Hall, built between 1868 and 1870, was designed as an administrative centre for the newly formed City of Perth. By the late 1950s the Town Hall was considered too small for the council's requirements so Council House, a modernist steel and glass building, was commissioned. Completed in 1960, Council House has divided opinions over its architectural merit. [4] Both the Town Hall and Council House are on the Register of the National Estate. [5] [6]

Forrest Chase is a significant shopping precinct in the Perth central business district. It dates back over 120 years to the retail days of Perth department store Boans, and has seen many refurbishments, iterations and additions. [7]

Demographics

In the 2016 census, there were 11,425 people living in the suburb of Perth. 34.7% of people were born in Australia. The next most common countries of birth were England 5.4%, China 4.0%, India 2.6%, New Zealand 2.5% and Malaysia 2.3%. 50.8% of people spoke only English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Mandarin 6.6%, Cantonese 2.3%, Italian 2.3%, Korean 2.0% and Vietnamese 1.7%. The most common response for religion was "no religion" at 38.0%. [1]

Arts and culture

His Majesty's Theatre, corner of Hay and King Streets. His Majesty's Theatre, corner Hay and King Streets.jpg
His Majesty's Theatre, corner of Hay and King Streets.

The Perth Cultural Centre includes facilities such as the Art Gallery of Western Australia, the State Library of Western Australia, the State Theatre Centre of Western Australia and the Western Australian Museum. [8] The Perth Concert Hall is located on St Georges Terrace and His Majesty's Theatre on Hay Street.

Transport

Three freeways service the suburb – Mitchell Freeway, Kwinana Freeway and Graham Farmer Freeway. [9] Public transport facilities include three train stations (Perth railway station, McIver railway station, Elizabeth Quay railway station) and two bus stations (Elizabeth Quay Bus Station and Perth Busport), as well as the East Perth Terminal, servicing intrastate and interstate rail and bus services. [10] The Elizabeth Quay Jetty is the home of Transperth ferry services. Perth is served by four free Central Area Transit (CAT) bus routes and a number of open and high rise public car parks. [11] [12] [13]

Looking down towards the Swan Bells on Barrack Street Looking down towards the Swan Bells on Barrack Street 1 - Perth.jpg
Looking down towards the Swan Bells on Barrack Street

The main east-west streets through the city block are St Georges Terrace, Hay Street, Murray Street and Wellington Street. The main north-south streets are Barrack Street and William Street. Five streets have had sections converted to pedestrian malls: Murray Street, Hay Street, James Street, Museum Street and Forrest Place.

Education

Three educational institutions are located within the suburb: St George's Anglican Grammar School, Kingston International College, and the Central Institute of Technology.

Sport

Sporting facilities in the suburb include Perth Oval, the home ground of association football (soccer) team Perth Glory and Super Rugby team Western Force. [14] Between 1910 and 1999 it was the home of Australian rules football team East Perth. At the western end of Wellington Street is the Perth Arena, an indoor stadium designed to host indoor sports such as tennis and basketball. [15] The Perth Entertainment Centre, which was located adjacent to the new Arena, was the home court for the Perth Wildcats between 1990 and 2002. Tennis clubs are located at Robertson Park and Loton Park.

Related Research Articles

Mandurah City in Western Australia

Mandurah is a coastal city in the Australian state of Western Australia, situated approximately 72 kilometres (45 mi) south of the state capital, Perth. It is the state's second-largest city, with a population of approximately 97,000, ahead of that of nearby Bunbury.

Carine, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Carine is a suburb of Perth, the capital city of Western Australia, and is located 14 kilometres (9 mi) north of Perth's central business district (CBD) between Marmion Avenue and Mitchell Freeway. Its local government area is the City of Stirling.

North Beach, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

North Beach is a northern coastal suburb of Perth, the capital city of Western Australia 16 kilometres (10 mi) from Perth's central business district via Mitchell Freeway and Reid Highway. Its local government area is the City of Stirling.

Peppermint Grove, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Peppermint Grove is an affluent western suburb of Perth, Western Australia on the north bank of the Swan River at Freshwater Bay. Its local government area, the smallest in the country, is the Shire of Peppermint Grove. The suburb was named after its trademark Swan River peppermint trees lining many streets. The suburb has long been associated with Western Australia's wealthiest and oldest families. Their prosperity is reflected in the many historical houses in the area, such as The Cliffe and the Federation Queen Anne style St Just. Colin Barnett, a former Premier of Western Australia, dubbed the suburb "Monaco of WA" due to its small size and concentration of wealth.

Forrestfield, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Forrestfield is a suburb of the City of Kalamunda in Western Australia. It lies 15 kilometres to the south-east of Perth at the base of the Darling Scarp and the southern border of Perth Airport.

The Kwinana Freeway is a 72-kilometre (45 mi) freeway in and beyond the southern suburbs of Perth, Western Australia, linking central Perth with Mandurah to the south. It is the central section of State Route 2, which continues north as Mitchell Freeway to Clarkson, and south as Forrest Highway towards Bunbury. A 4-kilometre (2.5 mi) section between Canning and Leach highways is also part of National Route 1. Along its route are interchanges with several major roads, including Roe Highway and Mandjoogoordap Drive. The northern terminus of the Kwinana Freeway is at the Narrows Bridge, which crosses the Swan River, and the southern terminus is at Pinjarra Road, east of Mandurah.

The Fremantle railway line is a suburban railway line in Western Australia that connects the state capital of Perth with the port city of Fremantle.

Perth railway station

Perth Railway Station is the largest station on the Transperth network, serving the central business district of Perth, Western Australia. It serves as an interchange between the Armadale, Fremantle, Joondalup, Mandurah and Midland lines as well as Transwa's Australind service.

Sorrento, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Sorrento is a northern coastal suburb of Perth, the capital city of Western Australia in the local government area of the City of Joondalup. At its northwestern corner is the Hillarys Boat Harbour, built in the late 1980s.

Perth Central Area Transit

The Perth Central Area Transit system, or simply CAT, comprises four bus routes in the centre of Perth, one bus route in Fremantle, and three bus routes in Joondalup. Similar services exist in Rockingham and Midland. Unlike all other Transperth services, most CAT routes are free.

Neerabup, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Neerabup is a rural locality in Perth, the capital of Western Australia, within the local government area of the City of Wanneroo.

Hillarys, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Hillarys is a northern coastal suburb of Perth, the capital city of Western Australia, in the local government area of the City of Joondalup. It is part of the Whitfords precinct, and is located 21 km north-northwest of Perth's central business district via Mitchell Freeway and Hepburn Avenue.

Stirling, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Stirling is a suburb of Perth, the capital city of Western Australia, about 10 km north of Perth's central business district (CBD) along the Mitchell Freeway. Its local government area is the City of Stirling, whose council offices and administration centre are located in the southwest of the mostly residential suburb.

Bayswater, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Bayswater is a suburb 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) north-east of the central business district of Perth, the capital of Western Australia. It is just north of the Swan River, within the City of Bayswater local government area. It is predominantly a low density residential suburb consisting of single-family detached homes. However, there are several clusters of commercial buildings, most notably in the suburb's town centre around the intersection of Whatley Crescent and King William Street, and a light industrial area in the suburb's east.

Wellington Street, Perth

Wellington Street is the northernmost of the four primary east-west streets in the central business district of Perth, Western Australia. It is 3.7 kilometres (2.3 mi) long, stretching from Plain Street in East Perth to Thomas Street in West Perth.

William Street, Perth Street in CBD Perth, Western Australia

William Street is a suburban distributor and one of two major cross-streets in the central business district of Perth, Western Australia. Commencing in western Mount Lawley it crosses the Perth to Fremantle railway at the Horseshoe Bridge. Its route takes it through the Northbridge cafe and nightclub district as well as the CBD. A ramp which took William Street traffic from The Esplanade onto the southbound Kwinana Freeway was closed in 2004 during the construction of the Esplanade railway station.

Transport in Perth, Western Australia, is served by various means, among them an extensive highway / freeway network and a substantial system of commuter rail lines and bus routes. Public transport is managed by the Transperth agency.

Cycling in Perth

Cycling in Perth, Western Australia is common on the roads and paths for recreation, commuting and sport. Between 1998 and 2009 the number of cyclists in Perth increased 450%.

Joondalup (suburb) Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Joondalup is a suburb of the regional City of Joondalup in Perth, Western Australia, which includes the city's central business district as well as the council chambers for the local authority.

Tourism in Perth

Tourism in Perth, the capital city of Western Australia, is an important part of the Australian state's economy, contributing to the prosperity of businesses in the city, as well as other regions of the state.

References

  1. 1 2 Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Perth (WA) (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 19 April 2018. OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
  2. "History of Metropolitan Suburb Names". Landgate . Retrieved 10 April 2012.
  3. "Home". Central Park. Archived from the original on 3 May 2009. Retrieved 29 April 2009.
  4. "Register of Heritage Places – Assessment Documentation – Council House" (PDF). Heritage Council of Western Australia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 September 2007. Retrieved 29 April 2009.
  5. "Places Database – Council House, Perth". Heritage Council of Western Australia. Archived from the original on 25 September 2009. Retrieved 29 April 2009.
  6. "Places Database – Perth Town Hall". Heritage Council of Western Australia. Archived from the original on 24 September 2009. Retrieved 29 April 2009.
  7. "History Of Forrest Chase". Forrest Chase Perth. Retrieved 6 June 2019.
  8. "Attractions". City of Perth . Retrieved 15 February 2014.
  9. "Main Roads Metropolitan Road Fact Sheet". Main Roads Western Australia . Retrieved 29 April 2009.
  10. "Transperth Network Map – Sheet 4". Transperth . Retrieved 29 April 2009.
  11. "Perth Suburb Profiles – Perth". REIWA. Retrieved 29 April 2009.
  12. "City of Perth Parking". City of Perth. Archived from the original on 21 April 2009. Retrieved 29 April 2009.
  13. "Perth CAT map". Transperth . Retrieved 29 April 2009.
  14. "Teams". nib stadium. Archived from the original on 24 May 2012. Retrieved 12 May 2012.
  15. "Perth Arena". Department of Treasury and Finance, WA. Archived from the original on 19 May 2009. Retrieved 29 April 2009.