Division of Perth

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Perth
Australian House of Representatives Division
Division of PERTH 2016.png
Division of Perth in Western Australia, as of the 2016 federal election.
Created1901
MP Patrick Gorman
Party Labor
Namesake Perth
Electors 101,413 (2019)
Area80 km2 (30.9 sq mi)
DemographicInner Metropolitan

The Division of Perth is an Australian electoral division in the state of Western Australia. It is named after Perth, the capital city of Western Australia, where the Division is located.

Divisions of the Australian House of Representatives federal electorates in Australia

In Australia, electoral districts for the Australian House of Representatives are called divisions or more commonly referred to as electorates or seats. There are currently 151 single-member electorates for the Australian House of Representatives.

States and territories of Australia first-level subdivision of Australia

The states and territories are the first-level administrative divisions of the Commonwealth of Australia. They are the second level of government in Australia, located between the federal and local government tiers.

Western Australia State in Australia

Western Australia is a state occupying the entire western third of Australia. It is bounded by the Indian Ocean to the north and west, and the Southern Ocean to the south, the Northern Territory to the north-east, and South Australia to the south-east. Western Australia is Australia's largest state, with a total land area of 2,529,875 square kilometres, and the second-largest country subdivision in the world, surpassed only by Russia's Sakha Republic. The state has about 2.6 million inhabitants – around 11 percent of the national total – of whom the vast majority live in the south-west corner, 79 per cent of the population living in the Perth area, leaving the remainder of the state sparsely populated.

Contents

History

The city of Perth, the division's namesake Elizabeth Quay February 2016 (cropped).jpg
The city of Perth, the division's namesake

The division was proclaimed in 1900, and was one of the original 65 divisions to be contested at the first federal election. It extends northeast along the north bank of the Swan River from Perth, including suburbs such as Maylands, Mount Lawley, Bayswater, Ashfield, Bedford, Morley, Beechboro and the Perth city centre. It is a primarily residential area, although contains an industrial area at Bayswater and major commercial centres in Perth and Morley.

1901 Australian federal election

Federal elections for the inaugural Parliament of Australia were held in Australia on Friday 29 March and Saturday 30 March 1901. The elections followed Federation and the establishment of the Commonwealth of Australia on 1 January 1901. All 75 seats in the Australian House of Representatives, six of which were uncontested, as well as all 36 seats in the Australian Senate, were up for election.

Swan River (Western Australia) river in Western Australia

The Swan River is a river in the south west of Western Australia. Its Aboriginal Noongar name is the Derbarl Yerrigan. The river runs through the metropolitan area of Perth, Western Australia's capital and largest city.

Maylands, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Maylands is a riverside suburb approximately 4.5 kilometres (2.8 mi) northeast of Perth centred on the Midland railway line on the northern bank of the Swan River.

Between the 1940s and 1980s, it was a marginal seat that frequently changed hands between the Liberals (and their predecessors) and Labor. Recent demographic changes have made it a fairly safe Labor seat.

Liberal Party of Australia Australian political party

The Liberal Party of Australia is a major centre-right political party in Australia, one of the two major parties in Australian politics, along with the centre-left Australian Labor Party (ALP). It was founded in 1944 as the successor to the United Australia Party (UAP).

Australian Labor Party Political party in Australia

The Australian Labor Party is a major centre-left political party in Australia. The party has been in opposition at the federal level since the 2013 election. Bill Shorten has been the party's federal parliamentary leader since 13 October 2013. The party is a federal party with branches in each state and territory. Labor is in government in the states of Victoria, Queensland, Western Australia, and in both the Australian Capital Territory and Northern Territory. The party competes against the Liberal/National Coalition for political office at the federal and state levels. It is the oldest political party in Australia.

Geography

Perth is bordered by the Swan River to the south and east, the Mitchell Freeway and Kings Park to the west, and Noranda, Western Australia to the north. It includes the local government areas of the City of Perth (as of 2015), City of Vincent, City of Bayswater, Town of Bassendean and a small portion of the City of Stirling. Suburbs presently included are: [1]

Mitchell Freeway is a 30-kilometre-long (19 mi) freeway in the northern suburbs of Perth, Western Australia, linking central Perth with the satellite city of Joondalup. It is the northern section of State Route 2, which continues south as Kwinana Freeway and Forrest Highway. Along its length are interchanges with several major roads, including Graham Farmer Freeway and Reid Highway. The southern terminus of the Mitchell Freeway is at the Narrows Bridge, which crosses the Swan River, and the northern terminus is at Hester Avenue, Clarkson, a suburb within the City of Wanneroo.

Kings Park, Western Australia park in Western Australia

Kings Park is a 400.6-hectare (990-acre) park overlooking Perth Water and the central business district of Perth, Western Australia.

Noranda, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Noranda is a suburb of Perth, Western Australia, located in the City of Bayswater. The suburb was named in 1977 after Noranda Park, a town in Florida, USA. The portion north of Widgee Road was transferred to the City of Bayswater from the City of Swan on 1 July 2016. The suburb is a middle- to upper-middle class area with some affluent pockets. The population consists largely of families of white collar workers.

Ashfield, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Ashfield is a residential suburb of Perth, Western Australia in the Town of Bassendean. The suburb is located along the Swan River. The Midland railway line passes through the suburb and it is serviced by the Ashfield railway station.

Bassendean, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Bassendean, originally named West Guildford, is a northeastern suburb of Perth, Western Australia. Its local government area is the Town of Bassendean.

Bayswater, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Bayswater is an inner city suburb, located 6 kilometers north-east of the central business district of Perth, the capital of Western Australia. It is located north of the Swan River, within the City of Bayswater local government area. It is a mixed use suburb, with mostly residential zoning, with a light industrial area in the east.

Members

ImageMemberPartyTermNotes
  Jamesfowler.jpg James Fowler
(1863–1940)
Labour 29 March 1901
June 1909
Lost preselection and then lost seat
  Commonwealth Liberal June 1909 –
17 February 1917
  Nationalist 17 February 1917 –
16 December 1922
  No image.svg Edward Mann
(1874–1951)
Nationalist 16 December 1922
September 1929
Lost seat
  Independent Nationalist September 1929 –
12 October 1929
  Walter Nairn.jpg Walter Nairn
(1879–1958)
Nationalist 12 October 1929
7 May 1931
Served as Speaker during the Menzies, Fadden and Curtin Governments. Lost seat
  United Australia 7 May 1931 –
21 August 1943
  Tom Burke.jpg Tom Burke
(1910–1973)
Labor 21 August 1943
10 December 1955
Lost seat
  FrederickChaney1962.jpg Fred Chaney
(1914–2001)
Liberal 10 December 1955
25 October 1969
Served as Chief Government Whip in the House under Menzies. Served as minister under Menzies and Holt. Lost seat
  No image.svg Joe Berinson
(1932–2018)
Labor 25 October 1969
13 December 1975
Served as minister under Whitlam. Lost seat. Later elected to the Western Australian Legislative Council in 1980
  No image.svg Ross McLean
(1944–)
Liberal 13 December 1975
5 March 1983
Lost seat
  No image.svg Dr Ric Charlesworth
(1952–)
Labor 5 March 1983
8 February 1993
Retired
  Stephen Smith.jpg Stephen Smith
(1955–)
Labor 13 March 1993
5 August 2013
Served as minister under Rudd and Gillard. Retired
  Allanah MacTiernan in 2009.jpg Alannah MacTiernan
(1953–)
Labor 7 September 2013
9 May 2016
Previously held the Western Australian Legislative Assembly seat of Armadale. Retired. Later elected to the Western Australian Legislative Council in 2017
  No image.svg Tim Hammond
(1975–)
Labor 2 July 2016
10 May 2018
Resigned in order to retire from politics
  No image.svg Patrick Gorman
(1984–)
Labor 28 July 2018
present
Incumbent

Election results

Results of the 2019 Australian federal election in Western Australia

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City of Bayswater Local government area in Western Australia

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Electoral district of Maylands state electoral district of Western Australia

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Town of Bassendean Local government area in Western Australia

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Electoral district of Mount Lawley state electoral district of Western Australia

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Guildford Road road in Perth

Guildford Road is a major road in Perth, Western Australia, linking the inner-city suburb of Mount Lawley with Guildford in the north-east. The ten-kilometre-long (6.2 mi) road runs mostly parallel to the Swan River, on its northern side, and is part of State Route 51, which runs between Perth's CBD and Midvale. Guildford Road is maintained and controlled by Main Roads Western Australia, which uses the internal designation "H026 Guildford Road" for Guildford Road, as well as Bridge Street and James Street in Guildford. In the 1930s, the name Great Eastern Highway was coined to describe the road, but was actually used for the road on the other side of the Swan River.

References

  1. "Profile of the electoral division of Perth (WA)". Australian Electoral Commission . Retrieved 24 April 2016.

Coordinates: 31°54′36″S115°54′18″E / 31.910°S 115.905°E / -31.910; 115.905