All 127 seats of the House of Representatives
64 seats were needed for a majority in the House
All 64 seats of the Senate
Popular vote by state and territory with graphs indicating the number of seats won. As this is an IRV election, seat totals are not determined by popular vote by state or territory but instead via results in each electorate.
The 1975 Australian federal election was held in Australia on 13 December 1975. All 127 seats in the House of Representatives and all 64 seats in the Senate were up for election, due to a double dissolution.
Malcolm Fraser had been commissioned as caretaker prime minister following the dismissal of Gough Whitlam's three-year-old Labor government by Governor-General Sir John Kerr, on 11 November 1975. The same day, Fraser advised an immediate double dissolution, in accordance with Kerr's stipulated conditions (see 1975 Australian constitutional crisis).
The Coalition of Fraser's Liberal Party of Australia and Doug Anthony's National Country Party secured government in its own right, winning the largest majority government to date in Australian history. The Liberals actually won a majority in their own right, with 68 seats–the first time that the main non-Labor party had done so since adopting the Liberal banner in 1944. Although Fraser had no need for the support of the National Country Party, the Coalition was retained.
Labor suffered a 30-seat swing and saw its lower house caucus cut almost in half, to 36 seats—fewer than it had when Whitlam became leader in the aftermath of the Coalition landslide nearly 10 years earlier, in the 1966 election.
|Party||Votes||%||Swing||Seats Won||Seats Held||Change|
|Liberal–NCP coalition (total)||3,706,989||51.74||+7.85||35||35||+6|
|Liberal–NCP joint ticket||2,855,721||39.86||+5.09||17||*||*|
|Barton, NSW||Labor||Len Reynolds||5.1||10.0||4.9||Jim Bradfield||Liberal|
|Bowman, Qld||Labor||Len Keogh||1.3||8.4||7.1||David Jull||Liberal|
|Braddon, Tas||Labor||Ron Davies||4.8||8.6||3.8||Ray Groom||Liberal|
|Brisbane, Qld||Labor||Manfred Cross||1.1||5.0||3.9||Peter Johnson||Liberal|
|Canberra, ACT||Labor||Kep Enderby||7.1||10.4||3.3||John Haslem||Liberal|
|Capricornia, Qld||Labor||Doug Everingham||4.9||5.0||0.1||Colin Carige||National Country|
|Casey, Vic||Labor||Race Mathews||1.5||9.0||7.5||Peter Falconer||Liberal|
|Cook, NSW||Labor||Ray Thorburn||0.5||8.3||7.8||Don Dobie||Liberal|
|Dawson, Qld||Labor||Rex Patterson||0.6||4.2||3.6||Ray Braithwaite||National Country|
|Denison, Tas||Labor||John Coates||2.8||7.7||4.9||Michael Hodgman||Liberal|
|Diamond Valley, Vic||Labor||David McKenzie||0.7||9.8||9.1||Neil Brown||Liberal|
|Eden-Monaro, NSW||Labor||Bob Whan||0.1||5.6||5.5||Murray Sainsbury||Liberal|
|Evans, NSW||Labor||Allan Mulder||4.9||6.9||2.0||John Abel||Liberal|
|Franklin, Tas||Labor||Ray Sherry||12.9||14.7||1.8||Bruce Goodluck||Liberal|
|Henty, Vic||Labor||Joan Child||1.5||6.7||5.2||Ken Aldred||Liberal|
|Holt, Vic||Labor||Max Oldmeadow||6.9||8.5||1.6||William Yates||Liberal|
|Isaacs, Vic||Labor||Gareth Clayton||0.6||7.5||6.9||David Hamer||Liberal|
|Kalgoorlie, WA||Labor||Fred Collard||2.1||6.3||4.3||Mick Cotter||Liberal|
|Kingston, SA||Labor||Richard Gun||6.1||12.7||6.6||Grant Chapman||Liberal|
|La Trobe, Vic||Labor||Tony Lamb||4.6||8.9||4.3||Marshall Baillieu||Liberal|
|Leichhardt, Qld||Labor||Bill Fulton||3.3||5.7||2.4||David Thomson||National Country|
|Macarthur, NSW||Labor||John Kerin||4.4||8.5||4.1||Michael Baume||Liberal|
|Macquarie, NSW||Labor||Tony Luchetti||8.7||10.3||1.6||Reg Gillard||Liberal|
|McMillan, Vic||National Country||Arthur Hewson||N/A||2.1||6.7||Barry Simon||Liberal|
|Perth, WA||Labor||Joe Berinson||8.2||9.0||0.8||Ross McLean||Liberal|
|Phillip, NSW||Labor||Joe Riordan||4.5||7.1||2.6||Jack Birney||Liberal|
|St George, NSW||Labor||Bill Morrison||5.8||5.8||0.0||Maurice Neil||Liberal|
|Swan, WA||Labor||Adrian Bennett||5.6||7.7||2.1||John Martyr||Liberal|
|Tangney, WA||Labor||John Dawkins||3.1||9.7||6.6||Peter Richardson||Liberal|
The election followed the controversial dismissal of the Whitlam government by Governor-General Sir John Kerr in the 1975 constitutional crisis. Labor campaigners hoped that the electorate would "maintain [its] rage" and punish the Coalition for its part in bringing down the government, proclaiming "Shame Fraser, Shame". However, the Coalition focused on economic issues following the 1973 oil crisis and 1973–75 recession, the so-called Loans Affair, alleged Labor mismanagement of inflation, and campaigned under the slogan "Turn on the lights, Australia" (drawing on a contemporary cynicism: "Would the last businessman leaving Australia please turn out the lights?").
The Australian Capital Territory and the Northern Territory received an entitlement to elect two senators each as a consequence of the Senate (Representation of Territories) Act 1973, passed during the 1974 Joint Sitting of the Australian Parliament.
Edward Gough Whitlam was the 21st Prime Minister of Australia, serving from 1972 to 1975. The Leader of the Labor Party from 1967 to 1977, Whitlam led his party to power for the first time in 23 years at the 1972 election. He won the 1974 election before being controversially dismissed by the Governor-General of Australia, Sir John Kerr, at the climax of the 1975 Australian constitutional crisis. Whitlam remains the only Australian prime minister to have his removed from office in that manner.
John Malcolm Fraser was an Australian politician who served as the 22nd Prime Minister of Australia, in office from 1975 to 1983 as leader of the Liberal Party.
The 1975 Australian constitutional crisis, also known simply as the Dismissal, has been described as the greatest political and constitutional crisis in Australian history. It culminated on 11 November 1975 with the dismissal from office of the Prime Minister, Gough Whitlam of the Australian Labor Party (ALP), by Governor-General Sir John Kerr, who then commissioned the Leader of the Opposition, Malcolm Fraser of the Liberal Party, as caretaker Prime Minister.
Sir John Robert Kerr, was the 18th Governor-General of Australia. He dismissed the Labor government of Gough Whitlam on 11 November 1975, marking the climax of the most significant constitutional crisis in Australian history. He had previously been the 13th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of New South Wales.
The Senate is the upper house of the bicameral Parliament of Australia, the lower house being the House of Representatives. The composition and powers of the Senate are established in Chapter I of the Constitution of Australia. There are a total of 76 Senators: 12 are elected from each of the six Australian states regardless of population and 2 from each of the two autonomous internal Australian territories. Senators are popularly elected under the single transferable vote system of proportional representation.
This is a list of members of the Australian House of Representatives from 1975 to 1977. The 13 December 1975 election was a double dissolution of both Houses, with all 127 seats in the House of Representatives, and all 64 seats in the Senate were up for election. Malcolm Fraser had been commissioned as prime minister following the dismissal of the Prime Minister Gough Whitlam’s three-year-old Labor government by Governor-General Sir John Kerr, on 11 November 1975. The same day, Fraser advised the calling of the election, in accordance with Kerr’s stipulated conditions. Thus the Liberal Party of Australia, led by Fraser, with coalition partner the National Country Party, led by Doug Anthony, went to the election as a minority caretaker government. The election resulted in the Coalition securing government with a 30-seat swing in the House of Representatives away from Labor.
A double dissolution is a procedure permitted under the Australian Constitution to resolve deadlocks in the bicameral Parliament of Australia between the House of Representatives and the Senate. A double dissolution is the only circumstance in which the entire Senate can be dissolved.
Reginald Greive Withers was a long-serving member of the Australian Senate, a government minister, and Lord Mayor of Perth.
A joint sitting of the Australian parliament was convened in 1974, in which members of the Senate and House of Representatives sat together as a single legislative body. The joint sitting was held on 6 and 7 August 1974, following the double dissolution 1974 federal election, and remains the only time that members of both houses of the federal parliament have sat together as a single legislative body pursuant to section 57 of the Constitution.
The Whitlam Government was the federal executive government of Australia led by Prime Minister Gough Whitlam. It was made up of members of the Australian Labor Party. The government commenced when Labor defeated the McMahon Government in the 1972 federal election after a record 23 years of Coalition government. It concluded, in historic circumstances, when it was dismissed by Governor-General Sir John Kerr as a result of the 1975 constitutional crisis and was succeeded by the Fraser Government. The Whitlam Government remains the only federal government in Australian history to be dismissed by either a monarch or viceregal representative.
The Dismissal is an Australian television miniseries, first screened in 1983, that dramatised the events of the 1975 Australian constitutional crisis.
The following lists events that happened during 1975 in Australia.
The 1977 Australian federal election was held in Australia on 10 December 1977. All 124 seats in the House of Representatives and 34 of the 64 seats in the Senate were up for election.
The 1974 Australian federal election was held in Australia on 18 May 1974. All 127 seats in the House of Representatives and all 60 seats in the Senate were up for election, due to a double dissolution. The incumbent Labor Party led by Prime Minister Gough Whitlam defeated the opposition Liberal–Country coalition led by Billy Snedden.
The 1972 Australian federal election was held in Australia on 2 December 1972. All 125 seats in the House of Representatives were up for election, as well as a single Senate seat in Queensland. The incumbent Liberal–Country coalition government, led by Prime Minister William McMahon, was defeated by the opposition Labor Party led by Gough Whitlam. Labor's victory ended 23 years of successive Coalition governments that began in 1949 and started the 3 year Whitlam Labor Government.
Gordon Glen Denton Scholes AO was an Australian politician. He was a member of the Australian Labor Party (ALP) and served in the House of Representatives from 1967 to 1993, representing the Division of Corio. He served terms as Speaker of the House of Representatives (1975–1976), Minister for Defence (1983–1984), and Minister for Territories (1984–1987).
This is a list of members of the Australian Senate from 1975 to 1978. The 13 December 1975 election was a double dissolution of both houses, with all 127 seats in the House of Representatives, and all 64 seats in the Senate up for election. Malcolm Fraser had been commissioned as prime minister following the dismissal of Gough Whitlam's Labor government by Governor-General Sir John Kerr, on 11 November 1975. The same day, Fraser advised the calling of the election, in accordance with Kerr's stipulated conditions. Thus the Liberal Party of Australia, led by Fraser, with Coalition partner the National Country Party, led by Doug Anthony, went to the election as a caretaker government. The election resulted in the Coalition securing government with a 30-seat swing away from Labor in the House of Representatives.
This is a list of members of the Australian Senate from 1974 to 1975. The 18 May 1974 election was a double dissolution of both Houses, with all 127 seats in the House of Representatives, and all 60 seats in the Senate up for election. The incumbent Labor Party led by Prime Minister Gough Whitlam defeated the opposition Liberal Party led by Billy Snedden and their Coalition partner the Country Party led by Doug Anthony.
The Fraser Government was the federal executive government of Australia led by Prime Minister Malcolm Fraser. It was made up of members of a Liberal-Country party coalition in the Australian Parliament from November 1975 to March 1983. Initially appointed as a "caretaker" government following the dismissal of the Whitlam Government, Fraser won in a landslide at the resulting 1975 Australian federal election, and won substantial majorities at the subsequent 1977 and 1980 elections, before losing to the Bob Hawke-led Australian Labor Party in the 1983 election.
Sir Maurice Hearne Byers was a noted Australian jurist and constitutional expert. He was the Commonwealth Solicitor-General from 1973 to 1983, in which capacity he played a role in the Gair Affair and the 1975 Australian constitutional crisis. He had an unmatched record of success in his appearances before the High Court of Australia, and he has been characterised as the finest lawyer never to have been appointed to the High Court.