1913 Australian federal election

Last updated
1913 Australian federal election
Flag of Australia (converted).svg
  1910 31 May 1913 (1913-05-31) 1914  

All 75 seats in the House of Representatives
38 seats were needed for a majority in the House
18 (of the 36) seats in the Senate
 First partySecond party
  Joseph Cook - Crown Studios 03.jpg Andrew Fisher 1912 (b&w).jpg
Leader Joseph Cook Andrew Fisher
Party Commonwealth Liberal Labor
Leader since20 January 1913 30 October 1907
Leader's seat Parramatta (NSW) Wide Bay (Qld)
Last election31 seats42 seats
Seats won38 seats37 seats
Seat changeIncrease2.svg7Decrease2.svg5
Popular vote930,076921,099
Percentage48.94%48.47%
SwingIncrease2.svg3.85%Decrease2.svg1.50%

Australia 1913 federal election.png
Popular vote by state with graphs indicating the number of seats won. As this is an FPTP election, seat totals are not determined by popular vote by state but instead via results in each electorate.

Prime Minister before election

Andrew Fisher
Labor

Subsequent Prime Minister

Joseph Cook
Commonwealth Liberal

The 1913 Australian federal election was held in Australia on 31 May 1913. All 75 seats in the House of Representatives, and 18 of the 36 seats in the Senate were up for election. The incumbent Labor Party, led by Prime Minister Andrew Fisher, was defeated by the opposition Commonwealth Liberal Party under Joseph Cook. The new government had a majority of just a single seat, and held a minority of seats in the Senate. [1] It would last only 15 months, suffering defeat at the 1914 election.

Contents

The 1913 election was held in conjunction with six referendum questions, none of which were carried. According to David Day, Andrew Fisher's biographer, "it was probably the timing of the referenda that was most responsible for the disappointing election result" for the Labor Party. [2]

Results

Labour: 37 seats
Liberal: 38 seats Australian House of Representatives, 1913-correction.png
  Labour: 37 seats
  Liberal: 38 seats
House of Reps 1913–14 (FPTP) — Turnout 73.49% (Non-CV) — Informal 2.83%
Australia House of Representatives 1913.svg
PartyVotes%SwingSeatsChange
  Liberal 930,07648.94+3.8538+7
  Labor 921,09948.471.50375
  Independents 49,1942.592.3502
 Total1,900,369  75
  Liberal WIN38+7
  Labor 375

Notes
Popular Vote
Liberal
48.94%
Labor
48.47%
Independent
2.59%
Parliament Seats
Liberal
50.67%
Labor
49.33%

Senate

Senate 1913–14 (FPTP BV) — Turnout 73.66% (Non-CV) — Informal N/A
Australian Senate 1913.svg
PartyVotes%SwingSeats WonSeats HeldChange
  Liberal 946,80749.38+3.83777
  Labor 934,17648.721.581129+7
  Socialist Labor 20,1831.05+1.05000
  Independents 16,2330.852.51000
 Total1,917,399  1836

Seats changing hands

SeatPre-1913SwingPost-1913
PartyMemberMarginMarginMemberParty
Ballaarat, Vic  Liberal Alfred Deakin 1.13.10.6 Charles McGrath Labor 
Bendigo, Vic  Liberal John Quick 1.33.62.0 John Arthur Labor 
Boothby, SA  Liberal David Gordon 7.110.83.0 George Dankel Labor 
Calare, NSW  Labor Thomas Brown 3.65.92.1 Henry Pigott Liberal 
Corangamite, Vic  Labor James Scullin 4.76.12.2 Chester Manifold Liberal 
Corio, Vic  Labor Alfred Ozanne 4.45.11.8 William Kendell Liberal 
Fremantle, WA  Liberal William Hedges 4.511.45.8 Reginald Burchell Labor 
Gippsland, Vic  Independent George Wise 12.112.75.0 James Bennett Liberal 
Hume, NSW  Independent William Lyne 16.416.20.7 Robert Patten Liberal 
Indi, Vic  Labor Parker Moloney 3.13.22.2 Cornelius Ahern Liberal 
New England, NSW  Labor Frank Foster 2.79.56.5 Percy Abbott Liberal 
Oxley, Qld  Liberal Richard Edwards 12.2N/A4.4 James Sharpe Labor 
Riverina, NSW  Labor John Chanter 7.08.61.0 Franc Falkiner Liberal 
Wannon, Vic  Labor John McDougall 5.07.84.2 Arthur Rodgers Liberal 
Werriwa, NSW  Labor Benjamin Bennett 0.86.55.9 Alfred Conroy Liberal 

Post-election pendulum

GOVERNMENT SEATS
Commonwealth Liberal Party
Marginal
Hume (NSW) Robert Patten LIB00.7 vs IND
Riverina (NSW) Franc Falkiner LIB01.0
Corio (Vic) William Kendell LIB01.8
Calare (NSW) Henry Pigott LIB02.1
Indi (Vic) Cornelius Ahern LIB02.2
Corangamite (Vic) Chester Manifold LIB02.2
Dampier (WA) Henry Gregory LIB02.6
Perth (WA) James Fowler LIB03.3
Wakefield (SA) Richard Foster LIB03.7
Grampians (Vic) Hans Irvine LIB03.9
Wannon (Vic) Arthur Rodgers LIB04.2
Lilley (Qld) Jacob Stumm LIB04.7
Swan (WA) John Forrest LIB04.9
Gippsland (Vic) James Bennett LIB05.0 vs IND
Robertson (NSW) William Fleming LIB05.3
Nepean (NSW) Richard Orchard LIB05.6
Franklin (Tas) William McWilliams LIB05.8
Werriwa (NSW) Alfred Conroy LIB05.9
Fairly safe
New England (NSW) Percy Abbott LIB06.5
Lang (NSW) Elliot Johnson LIB07.1
Flinders (Vic) William Irvine LIB07.8
Eden-Monaro (NSW) Austin Chapman LIB08.7
Barker (SA) John Livingston LIB09.0
Safe
Darling Downs (Qld) Littleton Groom LIB10.0
Moreton (Qld) Hugh Sinclair LIB10.7
Echuca (Vic) Albert Palmer LIB11.0
Wentworth (NSW) Willie Kelly LIB11.7
Kooyong (Vic) Robert Best LIB11.9 vs IND
Parkes (NSW) Bruce Smith LIB11.9
Wilmot (Tas) Llewellyn Atkinson LIB12.6
Balaclava (Vic) Agar Wynne LIB15.0
Henty (Vic) James Boyd LIB17.1
Parramatta (NSW) Joseph Cook LIB18.3
North Sydney (NSW) Granville Ryrie LIB19.1
Richmond (NSW) Walter Massy-Greene LIB19.9
Very safe
Wimmera (Vic) Sydney Sampson LIB21.0
Cowper (NSW) John Thomson LIB22.2
Angas (SA) Paddy Glynn LIBunopposed
NON-GOVERNMENT SEATS
Australian Labor Party
Marginal
Illawarra (NSW) George Burns ALP00.2
Ballaarat (Vic) Charles McGrath ALP00.6
Macquarie (NSW) Ernest Carr ALP01.6
Grey (SA) Alexander Poynton ALP02.0
Bendigo (Vic) John Arthur ALP02.0
Darwin (Tas) King O'Malley ALP02.1
Gwydir (NSW) William Webster ALP02.2
Bass (Tas) Jens Jensen ALP02.4
Boothby (SA) George Dankel ALP03.0
Denison (Tas) William Laird Smith ALP03.3
Fawkner (Vic) Joseph Hannan ALP03.3
Oxley (Qld) James Sharpe ALP04.4
Hunter (NSW) Matthew Charlton ALP04.5
Wide Bay (Qld) Andrew Fisher ALP05.6
Fremantle (WA) Reginald Burchell ALP05.8
Fairly safe
East Sydney (NSW) John West ALP06.1
Brisbane (Qld) William Finlayson ALP06.9
Dalley (NSW) Robert Howe ALP07.7
Herbert (Qld) Fred Bamford ALP08.0
Cook (NSW) James Catts ALP09.9
Safe
Bourke (Vic) Frank Anstey ALP10.0
Darling (NSW) William Spence ALP10.5
Maribyrnong (Vic)) James Fenton ALP10.8
Capricornia (Qld) William Higgs ALP14.1
Batman (Vic) Frank Brennan ALP14.9
Maranoa (Qld) Jim Page ALP15.0
South Sydney (NSW) Edward Riley ALP15.0
Adelaide (SA) Ernest Roberts ALP18.4
Very safe
West Sydney (NSW) Billy Hughes ALP21.3
Melbourne (Vic) William Maloney ALP21.9 vs IND
Newcastle (NSW) David Watkins ALP23.8
Kennedy (Qld) Charles McDonald ALP24.4
Yarra (Vic) Frank Tudor ALP25.0
Barrier (NSW) Josiah Thomas ALP26.8
Melbourne Ports (Vic) James Mathews ALP29.2
Hindmarsh (SA) William Archibald ALPunopposed
Kalgoorlie (WA) Charlie Frazer ALPunopposed

See also

Notes

  1. Senate results, 1913 election
  2. David Day (2008). Andrew Fisher: Prime Minister of Australia. Fourth Estate. p. 279.

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References