All 75 seats in the House of Representatives
38 seats were needed for a majority in the House
18 (of the 36) seats in the Senate
Popular vote by state with graphs indicating the number of seats won. As this is an FPTP election, seat totals are not determined by popular vote by state but instead via results in each electorate.
The 1917 Australian federal election was held in Australia on 5 May 1917. All 75 seats in the House of Representatives and 18 of the 36 seats in the Senate were up for election. The incumbent Nationalist Party, led by Prime Minister Billy Hughes, defeated the opposition Labor Party led by Frank Tudor in a landslide.
Hughes, at the time a member of the ALP, had become prime minister when Andrew Fisher retired in 1915. The Australian Labor Party split of 1916 over the conscription issue had led Hughes and 24 other pro-conscription Labor MPs to split off as the National Labor Party, which was able to form a minority government supported by the Commonwealth Liberal Party under Joseph Cook. Later that year, National Labor and the Liberals merged to form the Nationalist Party, with Hughes as leader and Cook as deputy leader. The election was fought in the aftermath of the 1916 plebiscite on conscription, which had been narrowly defeated. The Nationalists won a decisive victory, securing the largest majority government since Federation. The ALP suffered a large electoral swing against it, losing almost seven percent of its vote from 1914. The swing was magnified by the large number of former Labor MPs who followed Hughes out of the party.
|Party||Votes||%||Swing||Seats Won||Seats Held||Change|
|Bass, Tas||Labor||Jens Jensen||6.0||15.9||9.9||Jens Jensen||Nationalist|
|Bendigo, Vic||Labor||Alfred Hampson||0.9||12.5||7.4||Billy Hughes||Nationalist|
|Boothby, SA||Labor||George Dankel||5.3||19.8||14.5||William Story||Nationalist|
|Corio, Vic||Labor||Alfred Ozanne||1.2||8.5||7.3||John Lister||Nationalist|
|Darwin, Tas||Labor||King O'Malley||6.1||14.9||8.8||Charles Howroyd||Nationalist|
|Denison, Tas||Labor||William Laird Smith||5.9||12.2||6.3||William Laird Smith||Nationalist|
|Fawkner, Vic||Labor||Joseph Hannan||9.3||10.7||N/A||George Maxwell||Nationalist|
|Fremantle, WA||Labor||Reginald Burchell||6.3||25.2||18.9||Reginald Burchell||Nationalist|
|Gippsland, Vic||Independent||George Wise||1.0||24.7||22.7||George Wise||Nationalist|
|Grey, SA||Labor||Alexander Poynton||4.0||11.7||7.7||Alexander Poynton||Nationalist|
|Gwydir, NSW||Labor||William Webster||3.8||10.3||6.5||William Webster||Nationalist|
|Herbert, Qld||Labor||Fred Bamford||14.4||15.7||1.3||Fred Bamford||Nationalist|
|Hindmarsh, SA||Labor||William Archibald||24.4||30.2||5.8||William Archibald||Nationalist|
|Illawarra, NSW||Labor||George Burns||4.2||8.5||4.3||Hector Lamond||Nationalist|
|Indi, Vic||Labor||Parker Moloney||1.0||7.2||6.2||John Leckie||Nationalist|
|Kalgoorlie, WA||Labor||Hugh Mahon||100.0||51.3||1.3||Edward Heitmann||Nationalist|
|Oxley, Qld||Labor||James Sharpe||6.8||9.6||2.3||James Bayley||Nationalist|
|Werriwa, NSW||Labor||John Lynch||0.0||2.8||2.8||John Lynch||Nationalist|
|Moreton (Qld)||Hugh Sinclair||NAT||00.1|
|Angas (SA)||Paddy Glynn||NAT||00.8|
|Kalgoorlie (WA)||Edward Heitmann||NAT||01.3|
|Herbert (Qld)||Fred Bamford||NAT||01.3|
|Fawkner (Vic)||George Maxwell||NAT||01.4|
|Calare (NSW)||Henry Pigott||NAT||01.8|
|Hume (NSW)||Franc Falkiner||NAT||01.9|
|Werriwa (NSW)||John Lynch||NAT||02.8|
|Oxley (Qld)||James Bayley||NAT||02.8|
|Wide Bay (Qld)||Edward Corser||NAT||02.9|
|Illawarra (NSW)||Hector Lamond||NAT||04.3|
|Wannon (Vic)||Arthur Rodgers||NAT||04.8|
|Hindmarsh (SA)||William Archibald||NAT||05.8|
|Darling Downs (Qld)||Littleton Groom||NAT||06.1|
|Robertson (NSW)||William Fleming||NAT||06.2|
|Wakefield (SA)||Richard Foster||NAT||06.2|
|Indi (Vic)||John Leckie||NAT||06.2|
|Denison (Tas)||William Laird Smith||NAT||06.3|
|Gwydir (NSW)||William Webster||NAT||06.5|
|Grampians (Vic)||Carty Salmon||NAT||07.0|
|Eden-Monaro (NSW)||Austin Chapman||NAT||07.2|
|Corio (Vic)||John Lister||NAT||07.3|
|Bendigo (Vic)||Billy Hughes||NAT||07.4|
|Grey (SA)||Alexander Poynton||NAT||07.7|
|Darwin (Tas)||Charles Howroyd||NAT||08.8|
|Riverina (NSW)||John Chanter||NAT||09.2 vs IND|
|Bass (Tas)||Alexander Poynton||NAT||09.9|
|Corangamite (Vic)||Chester Manifold||NAT||10.4|
|Lang (NSW)||Elliot Johnson||NAT||10.4|
|Nepean (NSW)||Richard Orchard||NAT||10.5|
|Echuca (Vic)||Albert Palmer||NAT||10.7|
|Flinders (Vic)||William Irvine||NAT||11.2|
|Lilley (Qld)||George Mackay||NAT||12.7|
|Barker (SA)||John Livingston||NAT||13.9|
|Wilmot (Tas)||Llewellyn Atkinson||NAT||14.2|
|Boothby (SA)||William Story||NAT||14.5|
|Parkes (NSW)||Bruce Smith||NAT||15.4|
|Balaclava (Vic)||William Watt||NAT||16.6|
|Wentworth (NSW)||Willie Kelly||NAT||18.5|
|Fremantle (WA)||Reginald Burchell||NAT||18.9|
|Perth (WA)||James Fowler||NAT||19.5|
|Henty (Vic)||James Boyd||NAT||20.6|
|Dampier (WA)||Henry Gregory||NAT||21.4|
|Gippsland (Vic)||George Wise||NAT||22.7|
|Parramatta (NSW)||Joseph Cook||NAT||23.8 vs IND|
|Richmond (NSW)||Walter Massy-Greene||NAT||25.2|
|Cowper (NSW)||John Thomson||NAT||unopposed|
|Franklin (Tas)||William McWilliams||NAT||unopposed|
|Kooyong (Vic)||Robert Best||NAT||unopposed|
|New England (NSW)||Percy Abbott||NAT||unopposed|
|North Sydney (NSW)||Granville Ryrie||NAT||unopposed|
|Swan (WA)||John Forrest||NAT||unopposed|
|Wimmera (Vic)||Sydney Sampson||NAT||unopposed|
|Australian Labor Party|
|Macquarie (NSW)||Samuel Nicholls||ALP||00.0|
|Brisbane (Qld)||William Finlayson||ALP||00.0|
|Maribyrnong (Vic)||James Fenton||ALP||02.2|
|Capricornia (Qld)||William Higgs||ALP||02.3|
|Barrier (NSW)||Michael Considine||ALP||02.5 vs IND|
|Darling (NSW)||Arthur Blakeley||ALP||03.3|
|Hunter (NSW)||Matthew Charlton||ALP||03.4|
|Dalley (NSW)||William Mahony||ALP||04.0|
|Bourke (Vic)||Frank Anstey||ALP||04.5|
|Maranoa (Qld)||Jim Page||ALP||04.8|
|Newcastle (NSW)||David Watkins||ALP||08.0|
|Melbourne (Vic)||William Maloney||ALP||10.3|
|Batman (Vic)||Frank Brennan||ALP||10.9|
|Kennedy (Qld)||Charles McDonald||ALP||12.8|
|South Sydney (NSW)||Edward Riley||ALP||13.3|
|Cook (NSW)||James Catts||ALP||14.4|
|Melbourne Ports (Vic)||James Mathews||ALP||16.3|
|West Sydney (NSW)||Con Wallace||ALP||16.5|
|Yarra (Vic)||Frank Tudor||ALP||21.3|
|Adelaide (SA)||George Edwin Yates||ALP||unopposed|
|Ballaarat (Vic)||Charles McGrath||ALP||unopposed|
|East Sydney (NSW)||John West||ALP||unopposed|
The Nationalist Party was an Australian political party. It was formed on 17 February 1917 from a merger between the Commonwealth Liberal Party and the National Labor Party, the latter formed by Prime Minister Billy Hughes and his supporters after the 1916 Labor Party split over World War I conscription. The Nationalist Party was in government until electoral defeat in 1929. From that time it was the main opposition to the Labor Party until it merged with pro-Joseph Lyons Labor defectors to form the United Australia Party (UAP) in 1931. The party was a direct ancestor of the Liberal Party of Australia, the main centre-right party in Australia.
Sir Joseph Cook, was an Australian politician who served as the sixth Prime Minister of Australia, in office from 1913 to 1914. He was the leader of the Commonwealth Liberal Party from 1913 to 1917, after earlier serving as the leader of the Anti-Socialist Party from 1908 to 1909.
Francis Gwynne Tudor was an Australian politician who served as the leader of the Australian Labor Party from 1916 until his death. He had previously been a government minister under Andrew Fisher and Billy Hughes.
The Commonwealth Liberal Party was a political movement active in Australia from 1909 to 1917, shortly after Federation. The CLP came about as a result of a merger between the two non-Labor parties, the Protectionist Party and the Anti-Socialist Party which most of their MPs accepted. The CLP is the earliest direct ancestor of the current Liberal Party of Australia.
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The 1917 Australian plebiscite was held on 20 December 1917. It contained just the one question.
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William Arthur Holman was an Australian politician who served as Premier of New South Wales from 1913 to 1920. He came to office as the leader of the Labor Party, but was expelled from the party in the split of 1916. He subsequently became the inaugural leader of the NSW branch of the Nationalist Party.
William Oliver Archibald was an Australian politician. He was a member of the South Australian House of Assembly from 1893 to 1910, representing Port Adelaide, and a member of the Australian House of Representatives from 1910 to 1919, representing Hindmarsh. Archibald was a Labor member until resigning in the 1916 Labor split; he subsequently served as a Nationalist until his defeat at the 1919 federal election.
The 1919 Australian federal election was held on 13 December 1919 to elect members to the Parliament of Australia. All 75 seats in the House of Representatives and 19 of the 36 seats in the Senate were up for election. The incumbent Nationalist Party government won re-election, with Prime Minister Billy Hughes continuing in office.
The 1914 Australian federal election was held in Australia on 5 September 1914. The election had been called before the declaration of war in August 1914. All 75 seats in the House of Representatives and all 36 seats in the Senate were up for election, as a result of the first double dissolution being granted. The incumbent Commonwealth Liberal Party, led by Prime Minister Joseph Cook, was defeated by the opposition Labor Party under Andrew Fisher. Fisher returned for a third term as prime minister.
This is a list of the members of the Australian House of Representatives in the Sixth Australian Parliament, which was elected at the 1914 election on 5 September 1914.
The 1918 Swan by-election was a by-election for the Division of Swan in the Australian House of Representatives, following the death of the sitting member Sir John Forrest. Held on 26 October 1918, the by-election led to the election of the youngest person to be elected until 2010 to the Parliament of Australia, Edwin Corboy. It saw the conservative vote split between the Country Party and the Nationalist Party, which directly prompted the introduction of preferential voting in Australia.
Sir Robert Archdale "Archie" ParkhillKCMG was an Australian politician who served in the House of Representatives from 1927 to 1937. He began his career in politics as a campaign director for the Commonwealth Liberal Party and Nationalist Party. He later joined the new United Australia Party in 1931, and served as a minister in the Lyons Government between 1932 and 1937.
Patrick Joseph Lynch was an Australian politician who served as a Senator for Western Australia from 1907 to 1938. He was President of the Senate from 1932 to 1938. He began his career in the Australian Labor Party (ALP), but after the party split of 1916 joined the Nationalist Party and later the United Australia Party (UAP).
James Mackinnon Fowler was an Australian politician who served as a member of the House of Representatives from 1901 to 1922, representing the Division of Perth. He began his career in the Australian Labor Party (ALP), but joined the Liberal Party in 1909 and then the Nationalist Party in 1917.
William Harrison Story was an Australian politician.
This article provides information on candidates who stood for the 1917 Australian federal election. The election was held on 5 May 1917.
This is a list of members of the Australian Senate from 1914 to 1917. The 5 September 1914 election was a double dissolution called by Prime Minister of Australia Joseph Cook in an attempt to gain control of the Senate. All 75 seats in the House of Representatives, and all 36 seats in the Senate were up for election. The incumbent Commonwealth Liberal Party was defeated by the opposition Australian Labor Party led by Andrew Fisher, who announced with the outbreak of World War I during the campaign that under a Labor Government, Australia would "stand beside the mother country to help and defend her to the last man and the last shilling."
The history of the Australian Labor Party has its origins in the Labour parties founded in the 1890s in the Australian colonies prior to federation. Labor tradition ascribes the founding of Queensland Labour to a meeting of striking pastoral workers under a ghost gum tree in Barcaldine, Queensland in 1891. The Balmain, New South Wales branch of the party claims to be the oldest in Australia. Labour as a parliamentary party dates from 1891 in New South Wales and South Australia, 1893 in Queensland, and later in the other colonies.