All 148 seats in the House of Representatives
75 seats were needed for a majority in the House
46 (of the 76) seats in the Senate
Popular vote by state and territory with graphs indicating the number of seats won. As this is an IRV election, seat totals are not determined by popular vote by state or territory but instead via results in each electorate.
The 1984 Australian Federal election was held in Australia on 1 December 1984. All 148 seats in the House of Representatives (24 of them newly created) and 46 of 76 seats in the Senate (12 of them newly created) were up for election. The incumbent Labor Party led by Prime Minister Bob Hawke defeated the opposition Liberal–National coalition, led by Andrew Peacock.
The Senate is the upper house of the bicameral Parliament of Australia, the lower house being the Australian House of Representatives. The composition and powers of the Senate are established in Chapter I of the Constitution of Australia. There are a total of 76 Senators: 12 are elected from each of the six Australian states regardless of population and 2 from each of the two autonomous internal Australian territories. Senators are popularly elected under the single transferable vote system of proportional representation.
The Australian Labor Party is a major centre-left political party in Australia. The party has been in opposition at the federal level since the 2013 election. The party is a federal party with branches in each state and territory. Labor is in government in the states of Victoria, Queensland, Western Australia, and in both the Australian Capital Territory and Northern Territory. The party competes against the Liberal/National Coalition for political office at the federal and state levels. It is the oldest political party in Australia.
Robert James Lee Hawke was an Australian politician who served as Prime Minister of Australia and Leader of the Labor Party from 1983 to 1991. Hawke served as Member of Parliament (MP) for Wills from 1980 to 1992.
The election was held in conjunction with two referendum questions, neither of which were carried.
The 1984 Australian Referendum was held on 1 December 1984. It contained two referendum questions, neither of which passed.
The election had a long campaign and a high rate of informal voting for the House of Representatives, but decreased rate in the Senate (due to the introduction of the Group voting ticket). The election was held 18 months ahead of time, partly to bring the elections for the House of Representatives and Senate back into line following the double dissolution election of 1983.
A group voting ticket (GVT) is a simplified preferential voting system previously used in federal and several Australian state elections that used the single transferable vote or the alternative vote system. Under the system, for multi-member electoral divisions, a group or party registers a GVT before an election with the electoral commission. When a voter selects a group or party “above the line” on a ballot paper, their vote is distributed according to the registered GVT for that group. The system continues to be used for the upper houses of the Australian state parliaments of Victoria and Western Australia. It has been abolished by New South Wales and South Australia. It was used in the Australian Senate from the 1984 federal election until the 2013 federal election. A form of GVT is used for some elections in Fiji.
A double dissolution is a procedure permitted under the Australian Constitution to resolve deadlocks in the bicameral Parliament of Australia between the House of Representatives and the Senate. A double dissolution is the only circumstance in which the entire Senate can be dissolved.
The 1983 Australian Federal Election was a Double dissolution election held on 5 March 1983. All 125 seats in the House of Representatives and all 64 seats in the Senate were up for election, following a double dissolution. The incumbent Coalition government which had been in power since 1975, led by Malcolm Fraser and Doug Anthony, was defeated in a landslide by the opposition Labor Party led by Bob Hawke.
The legislated increase in the size of the House of Representatives by 24 seats and the Senate by 12 seats came into effect at the 1984 election. Prior to 1984 the electoral commission did not undertake a full distribution of preferences for statistical purposes. The stored ballot papers for the previous election were put through this process prior to their destruction – therefore the figures from 1983 onwards show the actual result based on full distribution of preferences.
|Australian Labor Party||WIN||51.77||−1.46||82||+7|
|Party||Votes||%||Swing||Seats Won||Seats Held||Change|
|Liberal–National joint ticket||1,130,601||12.71||−11.49||3||N/A||N/A|
|Call to Australia||162,272||1.82||−0.04||0||0||0|
|Farrer, NSW||Liberal||Wal Fife||N/A||N/A||13.0||Tim Fischer||National|
|Flinders, Vic||Labor||Bob Chynoweth||1.0||1.5||1.2||Peter Reith||Liberal|
|Forde, Qld||Labor||notional – new seat||2.7||2.7||0.0||David Watson||Liberal|
|Gilmore, NSW||Labor||notional – new seat||0.5||1.7||1.2||John Sharp||National|
|Hinkler, Qld||Labor||notional – new seat||0.6||0.8||0.2||Bryan Conquest||National|
|Hume, NSW||National||Stephen Lusher||N/A||N/A||7.7||Wal Fife||Liberal|
|Macquarie, NSW||Labor||Ross Free||0.5||1.9||1.4||Alasdair Webster||Liberal|
|Northern Territory, NT||Labor||John Reeves||1.9||3.3||1.4||Paul Everingham||Country Liberal|
|Petrie, Qld||Labor||Dean Wells||0.5||2.1||0.6||John Hodges||Liberal|
|Riverina-Darling, NSW||Labor||notional – new seat||1.3||5.9||4.6||Noel Hicks||National|
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