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|Member of the Australian Parliament |
12 December 1906 –5 September 1914
|Preceded by||Thomas Skene|
|Succeeded by||Edward Jolley|
|Born||2 August 1856|
|Died||11 July 1922 65) (aged|
|Political party|| Anti-Socialist (1906–09) |
|Spouse(s)||Mary Jane Robinson|
Hans William Henry Irvine (2 August 1856 – 11 July 1922) was an Australian vigneron,winemaker,and politician.
Irvine was born in Melbourne on 2 August 1856 to flour-miller John William Henry Irvine and Mary,née Gray. His father was a flourmiller of Irish parentage who had a business at Learmonth,near Ballarat. Apprenticed to a printing firm in order to learn lithography,Hans was soon foreman and acquired a share in the business. He also joined the Australian Natives' Association. He married Mary Jane Robinson (died 1915) on 7 October 1885 at Ballarat East;the couple had no children.
Irvine's wealth grew as he invested in various enterprises,including land,mining,and viticulture. In 1888,having sold his interest in the printing trade,he purchased the Great Western vineyard of the late Joseph Best and some grazing land,and acquired more land near Arawatta. He was fortunate to obtain the services of the French winemaker,Charles Pierlot,a former employee of the Champagne house of Pommery &Greno. Irvine was well aware of the potential market in Victoria for quality Champagne method sparkling wine and became the leading Australian commercial producer. He traveled to Europe in 1891 to learn of French wine-making practices and the possibilities of a British export market.
Irvine became influential in the wine business in the Great Western area,buying two thirds of local produce in the early 1890s and distilling a considerable amount into brandy. He had 250 acres (1.0 km2) of storage under the Great Western vineyard as well as Melbourne cellars and a London depot.
While Irvine's success grew,the Victorian wine industry was struggling. He suggested a conference in 1894 to discuss problems in the industry and supported moves to establish American root-stocks,which were resistant to phylloxera,into Victoria. In 1899 he won 1st prize at the Greater Britain Exhibition in London.He was the first president of the Viticultural Society of Victoria in 1905;he also produced Report on the Australian Wine Trade in 1892 for the Victorian minister for agriculture.
In 1901,Irvine was elected to the Victorian Legislative Council,and became known as among the most liberal in the chamber. In 1906 he transferred to the Australian House of Representatives,representing the seat of Grampians as a member of the Anti-Socialist Party. He supported the Protectionist Alfred Deakin,and later joined Deakin's Commonwealth Liberal Party. He was defeated in 1914.
Irvine sold his Great Western enterprise to Benno Seppelt,then head of the South Australian family wine business in 1918 and retired to South Yarra. Seppelt continued the production of sparkling and table wines at Great Western. In 1922 he travelled to England to seak treatment for a gastric ulcer. He died on 11 July of that year in London,following an operation;his body was returned to Australia and buried in Great Western cemetery.
Chardonnay is a green-skinned grape variety used in the production of white wine. The variety originated in the Burgundy wine region of eastern France,but is now grown wherever wine is produced,from England to New Zealand. For new and developing wine regions,growing Chardonnay is seen as a 'rite of passage' and an easy entry into the international wine market.
The following lists events that happened during 1922 in Australia.
The wine industry of Ukraine is well-established with long traditions. Several brands of wine from Ukraine are exported to bordering countries,the European Union,and North America.
Alessandro Romeo Bragato (1859–1913) played a significant role in the development of the wine industry in Australia and New Zealand.
Nicholas Longworth was an American banker and winemaker as well as the founder of the Longworth family in Ohio. Longworth was an influential figure in the early history of American wine,producing sparkling Catawba wine from grapes grown in his Ohio River Valley vineyard.
Great Western is a town in the east of the Wimmera region of Victoria,Australia. The town is located on the Western Highway,in the Shire of Northern Grampians local government area,225 kilometres north west of the state capital,Melbourne. The town has a population of 644.
California wine production has a rich viticulture history since 1680 when Spanish Jesuit missionaries planted Vitis vinifera vines native to the Mediterranean region in their established missions to produce wine for religious services. In the 1770s,Spanish missionaries continued the practice under the direction of the Father Junípero Serra who planted California's first vineyard at Mission San Juan Capistrano.
Victorian wine is wine made in the Australian state of Victoria. With over 600 wineries,Victoria has more wine producers than any other Australian wine-producing state but ranks third in overall wine production due to the lack of a mass bulk wine-producing area like South Australia's Riverland and New South Wales's Riverina. Viticulture has existed in Victoria since the 19th century and experienced a high point in the 1890s when the region produced more than half of all wine produced in Australia. The phylloxera epidemic that soon followed took a hard toll on the Victoria wine industry which did not fully recover till the 1950s.
The Grampians is an Australian wine region located in the state of Victoria,west of Melbourne. It is located near the Grampians National Park and the Pyrenees hills. The area is dominated by red wine production,particularly Shiraz and Cabernet Sauvignon.
Bucelas is a Portuguese wine-region located in the Lisboa wine-region. The region has Portugal's highest wine classification as a Denominação de Origem Controlada (DOC). Located south of the Arruda DOC,the region is noted for its potential for cool fermentation white wine production. Vineyards in the area are planted on predominantly loam soils. The white wines of Bucelas became widely popular during the Elizabethan era in England and again during the Victorian age. In London the wines were sometimes described as Portuguese hock because of their similarities to the German Rieslings from the Rhine. Urban sprawl in the 20th century has drastically reduced viticulture in the area,located north of the Portuguese capital city,Lisbon.
The history of Champagne began when the Romans planted vineyards in this region of northeast France in the 5th century,or possibly earlier. Over centuries,Champagne evolved from being a pale,pinkish still wine to a sparkling wine. When Hugh Capet was crowned King of France in 987 at the cathedral of Reims,he started a tradition that brought successive monarchs to the region—with the local wine being on prominent display at the coronation banquets. The early wine of the Champagne region was a pale,pinkish wine made from Pinot noir.
David Dunstan is an Australian writer,journalist and historian.
Jack Mann MBE was a winemaker in Western Australia and devised Houghton White Burgundy,a wine that became the flagship of the Western Australian wine industry. He was chief winemaker at Houghton Winery in the Swan Valley,from 1930 to 1972 and is considered one of the pioneers of the Western Australian wine industry.
Mount Avoca Vineyard is an organic vineyard and five red star rated winery located in the Pyrenees Wine Region of Victoria,Australia near the town of Avoca producing high quality Australian wine for both the domestic and international markets. Established by John and Arda Barry in 1970 it is now owned by Lisa and Matthew Barry. Accommodation includes the 4 star rated eco-luxe lodges and the winery has been host to various events including road and mountain bike races,car rallies and musical concerts,it was also awarded 2011 Sustainable Winery of the Year.
Arpad Haraszthy was a pioneer California winemaker best known as the creator of Eclipse champagne,the first commercially successful sparkling wine produced in the state. He was the first president of the California State Board of Viticultural Commissioners,one of the founding members and first officers of San Francisco's world-famous Bohemian Club,and a frequent and articulate writer on wine,winemaking,and viticulture. He has been criticized by some modern wine historians for his claims that his father,Agoston Haraszthy,imported the first Zinfandel grape vines to California in the early 1850s. Zinfandel later became famous as California's best grape for the production of red table wine. Arpad Haraszthy's claims about his father's importations of Zinfandel have neither been proved nor disproved,and they remain a subject of controversy.
The Yarra Valley is an Australian wine region located east of Melbourne,Victoria. It is a cool climate region that is best known for producing Chardonnay,sparkling wine and Pinot Noir. Its proximity to the urban centre and high profile wineries have made it an important destination for enotourism,receiving over 3.1 million visitors in 2011.
The Mornington Peninsula is an Australian wine region located south of Melbourne,Victoria. The region has a cool climate making wine growing ideal and focuses on Pinot noir production but has had success with other varietals including Chardonnay,Pinot gris and Tempranillo. The region is known for its medium bodied,dry wines and sparkling wines that show structure and complexity. The still wine versions of Chardonnay reflect a diversity of styles,all typically oaked,from more citrus to more tropical fruit flavors.
Paul Frederic de Castella was a Swiss-Australian grazier and winemaker,the pioneer of viticulture in Victoria.
Oscar Benno Pedro Seppelt,known universally as Benno Seppelt,was a South Australian winemaker who helped the Barossa Valley become recognised as a premium wine region.
David Dunstan, Better Than Pommard! A History of Wine in Victoria, Australian Scholarly Publishing, 1994.