Australian House of Representatives Division
|Area||8,328 km2 (3,215.5 sq mi)|
The Division of McMillan was an Australian Electoral Division in the state of Victoria. It was located in the western part of the Gippsland region, which extends for the length of Victoria's eastern Bass Strait coastline. It included the outer south-eastern Melbourne suburb of Pakenham, and also included the towns of Warragul, Moe, Wonthaggi, Leongatha and Foster. It stretched from Mount Baw Baw and the Baw Baw National Park in the north to Wilsons Promontory, and the Wilsons Promontory National Park in the south. It was the southernmost electoral division in continental Australia. It was replaced by the Division of Monash in 2019.
The Division was proclaimed at the redistribution of 11 May 1949, and was first contested at the 1949 election. It was named after Angus McMillan, a mass murdererand early European explorer in the Gippsland region responsible for the Gippsland massacres. The seat traded hands between the conservative parties from its creation until Labor finally won it in 1980. The Division has changed hands five times in the last seven Federal elections. The change at the 2004 election was attributed to the redistribution of 29 January 2003, which removed the traditionally Labor-voting cities of Traralgon and Morwell from the Division. This allowed Liberal Russell Broadbent to win the seat once again; he had previously held it from 1996 to 1998. Broadbent was re-elected in the 2007 election.
The 1972 federal election saw Country Party candidate Arthur Hewson win the seat from third place and a primary vote of 16.6%.This is the lowest primary vote for a winning candidate in any federal election; Hewson overtook the Liberal candidate on preferences from the Democratic Labor Party and disendorsed sitting Liberal MP Alex Buchanan, and then defeated the Labor candidate on Liberal preferences.
The division was renamed to the Division of Monash in 2018.
| Geoffrey Brown |
|Liberal|| 10 December 1949 –|
14 October 1955
|Died in office|
| Alex Buchanan |
|Liberal|| 10 December 1955 –|
|Lost preselection and then lost seat|
2 December 1972
| Arthur Hewson |
|Country/National Country|| 2 December 1972 –|
13 December 1975
|Previously a member of the Victorian Legislative Council. Lost seat|
| Barry Simon |
|Liberal|| 13 December 1975 –|
18 October 1980
| Barry Cunningham |
|Labor|| 18 October 1980 –|
24 March 1990
|Served as Chief Government Whip in the House under Hawke. Lost seat|
| John Riggall |
|Liberal|| 24 March 1990 –|
13 March 1993
| Barry Cunningham |
|Labor|| 13 March 1993 –|
2 March 1996
| Russell Broadbent |
|Liberal|| 2 March 1996 –|
3 October 1998
|Previously held the Division of Corinella. Lost seat|
| Christian Zahra |
|Labor|| 3 October 1998 –|
9 October 2004
| Russell Broadbent |
|Liberal|| 9 October 2004 –|
11 April 2019
|Transferred to the Division of Monash after McMillan was abolished in 2019|
|Family First||Nathan Harding||3,418||3.39||+1.38|
|Animal Justice||Jennifer McAdam||3,022||2.99||+2.99|
|Rise Up Australia||Norman Baker||2,786||2.76||+2.09|
|Liberal Democrats||Jim McDonald||2,289||2.27||+2.27|
|Total formal votes||100,921||94.29||+0.40|
Gippsland is a rural region of Victoria, Australia, located in the south-eastern part of that state. It covers an area of 41,556 square kilometres (16,045 sq mi), and lies to the east of the eastern suburbs of Greater Melbourne, to the north of Bass Strait, to the west of the Tasman Sea, to the south of the Black-Allan Line that marks part of the Victorian/New South Wales border, and to the east and southeast of the Great Dividing Range that lies within the Hume region and the Victorian Alps. Gippsland is generally broken down into the East Gippsland, South Gippsland, West Gippsland, and the Latrobe Valley statistical divisions.
Christian John Zahra was an Australian Labor Party member of the Australian House of Representatives from October 1998 to October 2004, representing the regional seat of McMillan, Victoria.
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Russell Evan Broadbent is an Australian politician who is a Liberal Party member of the House of Representatives, representing the Division of Monash. He is one of the longest-serving current members of parliament, having served from 1990 to 1993, 1996 to 1998, and since 2004.
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Angus McMillan was an explorer, pioneer pastoralist, and perpetrator of several of the Gippsland massacres of Gunai people. Arriving from England in 1838, McMillan rose swiftly in Australian colonial society as a skilled explorer. His explorations led to the opening of the Gippsland region for pastoralism, displacing the Gunai who were its Indigenous owners. Relations between McMillan and the Gunai reached their nadir in 1843 when, in retribution for the murder of a fellow pastoralist and the killing of livestock, McMillan led the first of several armed assaults culminating in the massacre of between 60 and 150 people at Warrigal Creek. The massacre had no impact on McMillan's relations with other colonists and he went on to become a successful Gippsland pastoralist himself, with more than 150,000 acres of property. However a series of poor financial decisions brought him to near bankruptcy in the 1860s. Forced to return to exploration and surveying, he was badly injured in an accident near Dargo, Victoria, and died on 18 May 1865.
The Gippsland massacres were a series of mass murders of indigenous Gunai Kurnai people in East Gippsland, Victoria committed by European settlers and the Aboriginal Police. The perpetrators often did not record or speak about their actions for fear of prosecution and the death penalty under colonial law, such as what happened at the Myall Creek massacre. The names of many of the perpetrators remain on the rivers, roads and islands of Gippsland. Trade texts such as Cal Flynn's book directly pertaining to Angus McMillan's role in the massacres of Gippsland in retribution for the murder of a fellow pastoralist by the Gurnai Kurnai people.
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Gary John Blackwood is an Australian politician. He has been a Liberal Party member of the Victorian Legislative Assembly since November 2006, representing the electorate of Narracan.
Henry Arthur Hewson, OAM was an Australian politician. Born in Korumburra, Victoria, he was a dairy farmer at Warragul before serving in the military 1941–45. He was active in local politics as a member of Warragul Shire Council, and was elected to Gippsland Province in the Victorian Legislative Council for a six-year term at the 1964 state election.
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