|Premier of South Australia|
|Style|| The Honourable |
|Reports to||Parliament of South Australia Governor of South Australia|
|Seat||Adelaide, South Australia|
|Appointer||Governor of South Australia|
|Term length||At the Governor's pleasure|
|Inaugural holder||Boyle Finniss|
|Formation||24 October 1856|
The Premier of South Australia is the head of government in the state of South Australia, Australia. The Government of South Australia follows the Westminster system, with a Parliament of South Australia acting as the legislature. The Premier is appointed by the Governor of South Australia, and by modern convention holds office by virtue of his or her ability to command the support of a majority of members of the lower house of Parliament, the House of Assembly.
South Australia is a state in the southern central part of Australia. It covers some of the most arid parts of the country. With a total land area of 983,482 square kilometres (379,725 sq mi), it is the fourth-largest of Australia's states and territories by area, and fifth largest by population. It has a total of 1.7 million people, and its population is the second most highly centralised in Australia, after Western Australia, with more than 77 percent of South Australians living in the capital, Adelaide, or its environs. Other population centres in the state are relatively small; Mount Gambier, the second largest centre, has a population of 28,684.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands. It is the largest country in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country by total area. The neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea, Indonesia and East Timor to the north; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east. The population of 25 million is highly urbanised and heavily concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Australia's capital is Canberra, and its largest city is Sydney. The country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Adelaide.
The Government of South Australia, also referred to as the South Australian Government, is the Australian state democratic administrative authority of South Australia. The Government of South Australia, a parliamentary constitutional monarchy, was formed in 1856 as prescribed in its Constitution, as amended from time to time. Since the Federation of Australia in 1901, South Australia has been a state of the Commonwealth of Australia, and the Constitution of Australia regulates its relationship with the Commonwealth. Under the Australian Constitution, South Australia ceded legislative and judicial supremacy to the Commonwealth, but retained powers in all matters not in conflict with the Commonwealth.
Steven Marshall is the current Premier, having served since 19 March 2018.
Steven Spence Marshall is an Australian politician serving as the 46th and current Premier of South Australia. He has been a member of the South Australian Division of the Liberal Party of Australia in the South Australian House of Assembly since 2010, representing the electorate of Dunstan.
Before the 1890s when there was no formal party system in South Australia, MPs tended to have historical liberal or conservative beliefs. The liberals dominated government from the 1893 election to 1905 election with the support of the South Australian United Labor Party, with the conservatives mostly in opposition. Labor took government with the support of eight dissident liberals in 1905 when Labor won the most seats for the first time. The rise of Labor saw non-Labor politics start to merge into various party incarnations.
Liberalism is a political and moral philosophy based on liberty, consent of the governed, and equality before the law. Liberals espouse a wide array of views depending on their understanding of these principles, but they generally support limited government, individual rights, capitalism, democracy, secularism, gender equality, racial equality, internationalism, freedom of speech, freedom of the press and freedom of religion.
Conservatism is a political and social philosophy promoting traditional social institutions in the context of culture and civilization. The central tenets of conservatism include tradition, human imperfection, organic society, hierarchy, authority, and property rights. Conservatives seek to preserve a range of institutions such as religion, parliamentary government, and property rights, with the aim of emphasizing social stability and continuity. The more traditional elements—reactionaries—oppose modernism and seek a return to "the way things were".
The Australian Labor Party , commonly known as South Australian Labor, is the South Australian Branch of the Australian Labor Party, originally formed in 1891 as the United Labor Party of South Australia. It is one of two major parties in the bicameral Parliament of South Australia, the other being the Liberal Party of Australia.
The two independent conservative parties, the Australasian National League (formerly National Defence League) and the Farmers and Producers Political Union merged with the Liberal and Democratic Union to become the Liberal Union in 1910. Labor formed South Australia's first majority government after winning the 1910 state election, triggering the merger. The 1910 election came two weeks after federal Labor formed Australia's first elected majority government at the 1910 federal election.
An independent or nonpartisan politician is an individual politician not affiliated with any political party. There are numerous reasons why someone may stand for office as an independent.
The National Defence League (NDL) was an independent conservative political party founded in 1891 by MLC Richard Baker in South Australia as an immediate response to the perceived threat from Labor. Though renamed the Australasian National League (ANL) in 1896, it was still often referred to by its former name. It lasted until after the 1910 election when it merged with the Liberal and Democratic Union and the Farmers and Producers Political Union to become the Liberal Union.
The Farmers and Producers Political Union (FPPU) was an independent conservative agrarian political party founded in South Australia in reaction to Labor, keen to fend off a perceived threat to the FPPU's interests against a rising labour movement and Labor. The rural stockowners and graziers were concerned at the concentration of the Australasian National League (ANL) on the metropolitan electorates and urban issues, leading to the formation of the FPPU which had a conservative political agenda, and was absolutely opposed to franchise reform. It was essentially the rural wing of the ANL. The FPPU was created in 1904 and lasted until after the 1910 election when it merged with the Liberal and Democratic Union and the National Defence League to become the Liberal Union.
No "Country" or rural conservative parties emerged as serious long-term forces in South Australian state politics, often folding into the main non-Labor party.
The first six Governors of South Australia oversaw governance from proclamation in 1836 until self-government and an elected Parliament of South Australia was enacted in the year prior to the inaugural 1857 election.
The Parliament of South Australia at Parliament House, Adelaide is the bicameral legislature of the Australian state of South Australia. It consists of the 47-seat House of Assembly and the 22-seat Legislative Council. All of the lower house and half of the upper house is filled at each election. It follows a Westminster system of parliamentary government.
(for political parties)
|Portrait||Term of Office|
|Colonial Government (1856–1901)|
|1|| Boyle Finniss |
MHA for Adelaide
|24 October 1856||21 August 1857||301||1857 (1st)||Independent||Finniss|
|2|| John Baker |
|21 August 1857||1 September 1857||11||— (1st)||Independent||Baker|
|3|| Robert Torrens |
MHA for Adelaide
|1 September 1857||30 September 1857||29||— (1st)||Independent||Torrens|
|4|| Richard Hanson |
MHA for Adelaide
|30 September 1857||9 May 1860||952||— (1st)||Independent||Hanson|
|5|| Thomas Reynolds |
MHA for Adelaide
|9 May 1860||8 October 1861||517||1860 (2nd)||Independent|| Reynolds (1st) |
|6|| George Waterhouse |
|8 October 1861||4 July 1863||634||— (2nd)|
|Independent|| Waterhouse (1st) |
|7|| Francis Dutton |
MHA for Light
|4 July 1863||15 July 1863||11||— (3rd)||Independent||Dutton (1st)|
|8|| Henry Ayers |
|15 July 1863||4 August 1864||386||— (3rd)||Independent|| Ayers (1st) |
|9|| Arthur Blyth |
MHA for Gumeracha
|4 August 1864||22 March 1865||230||— (3rd)||Independent||Blyth (1st)|
|(7)||Francis Dutton||22 March 1865||20 September 1865||182||1865 (4th)||Independent||Dutton (2nd)|
|(8)||Henry Ayers||20 September 1865||23 October 1865||33||— (4th)||Independent||Ayers (3rd)|
|10|| John Hart |
MHA for Port Adelaide
|23 October 1865||28 March 1866||156||— (4th)||Independent||Hart (1st)|
|11|| James Boucaut |
MHA for Encounter Bay
|28 March 1866||3 May 1867||401||— (4th)||Independent||Boucaut (1st)|
|(8)||Henry Ayers||3 May 1867||24 September 1868||510||— (4th)|
MHA for Light
|24 September 1868||13 October 1868||19||— (5th)||Independent||Hart (2nd)|
|(8)||Henry Ayers||13 October 1868||3 November 1868||21||— (5th)||Independent||Ayers (5th)|
|12|| Henry Strangways |
MHA for West Torrens
|3 November 1868||30 May 1870||573||— (5th)|
|Independent|| Strangways (1st) |
MHA for The Burra
|30 May 1870||10 November 1871||529||— (6th)||Independent||Hart (3rd)|
|(9)||Arthur Blyth||10 November 1871||22 January 1872||73||— (6th)|
|(8)||Henry Ayers||22 January 1872||22 July 1873||517||— (7th)||Independent|| Ayers (6th) |
|(9)||Arthur Blyth||22 July 1873||3 June 1875||681||— (7th)|
|(11)||James Boucaut||3 June 1875||6 June 1876||369||— (8th)||Independent|| Boucaut (2nd) |
|13|| John Colton |
MHA for Noarlunga
|6 June 1876||26 October 1877||507||— (8th)||Independent||Colton (1st)|
|(11)||James Boucaut||26 October 1877||27 September 1878||336||— (8th)|
|14|| William Morgan |
|27 September 1878||24 June 1881||1001||— (9th)|
|15|| John Bray |
MHA for East Adelaide
|24 June 1881||16 June 1884||1088||— (10th)|
|(13)||John Colton||16 June 1884||16 June 1885||365||— (11th)||Independent||Colton (2nd)|
|16|| John Downer |
MHA for Barossa
|16 June 1885||11 June 1887||725||— (11th)|
|17|| Thomas Playford (II) |
MHA for Newcastle
|11 June 1887||27 June 1889||747||— (12th)||Independent||Playford II (1st)|
|18|| John Cockburn |
MHA for Mount Barker
|27 June 1889||19 August 1890||418||— (12th)|
|(17)||Thomas Playford (II)|
MHA for East Torrens
|19 August 1890||21 June 1892||672||— (13th)||Conservatism||Playford II (2nd)|
|19|| Frederick Holder |
MHA for Burra
|21 June 1892||15 October 1892||116||— (13th)||Liberalism||Holder (1st)|
|(16)||John Downer||15 October 1892||16 June 1893||244||— (13th)||Conservatism||Downer (2nd)|
|20|| Charles Kingston |
MHA for West Adelaide
|16 June 1893||1 December 1899||2359|| 1893 (14th)|
|21|| Vaiben Solomon |
MHA for Northern Territory
|1 December 1899||8 December 1899||7||— (16th)||Conservatism||Solomon|
|(19)||Frederick Holder||8 December 1899||15 May 1901||523||— (16th)||Liberalism||Holder (2nd)|
|State Government (1901–present)|
|22|| John Jenkins |
MHA for Torrens
|15 May 1901||1 March 1905||1386||— (16th)|
|23|| Richard Butler |
MHA for Barossa
|1 March 1905||26 July 1905||147||— (17th)||Conservatism||Butler I|
|24|| Thomas Price |
MHA for Torrens
|26 July 1905||5 June 1909||1410|| 1905 (18th)|
|25|| Archibald Peake |
MHA for Victoria & Albert
|5 June 1909||3 June 1910||363||— (19th)|| Liberal &|
|26|| John Verran |
MHA for Wallaroo
|3 June 1910||17 February 1912||624||1910 (20th)||United Labor||Verran|
|(25)||Archibald Peake||17 February 1912||3 April 1915||1141||1912 (21st)||Liberal Union||Peake (2nd)|
|27|| Crawford Vaughan |
MHA for Sturt
|3 April 1915||14 July 1917||833||1915 (22nd)||United Labor||Vaughan|
|(25)||Archibald Peake||14 July 1917||8 April 1920||999||— (22nd)|
|Liberal Union||Peake (3rd)|
|28|| Henry Barwell |
MHA for Stanley
|8 April 1920||16 April 1924||1469||— (23rd)|
| Liberal Union |
|29|| John Gunn |
MHA for Adelaide
|16 April 1924||28 August 1926||864||1924 (25th)||Labor||Gunn|
|30|| Lionel Hill |
MHA for Port Pirie
|28 August 1926||8 April 1927||223||— (25th)||Labor||Hill (1st)|
|31|| Richard L. Butler |
MHA for Wooroora
|8 April 1927||17 April 1930||1105||1927 (26th)||Liberal Federation||Butler II (1st)|
|(30)||Lionel Hill||17 April 1930||13 February 1933||1033||1930 (27th)||Labor||Hill (2nd)|
|32|| Robert Richards |
MHA for Wallaroo
|13 February 1933||18 April 1933||64||— (27th)||Labor||Richards|
|(31)||Richard L. Butler||18 April 1933||5 November 1938||2027|| 1933 (28th)|
| Liberal and|
|Butler II (2nd)|
|33|| Thomas Playford (IV) |
MHA for Gumeracha
|5 November 1938||10 March 1965||9622||— (29th)|
| Liberal and|
| Playford IV (1st) |
Playford IV (2nd)
|34|| Frank Walsh |
MHA for Edwardstown
|10 March 1965||1 June 1967||813||1965 (38th)||Labor||Walsh|
|35|| Don Dunstan |
MHA for Norwood
|1 June 1967||17 April 1968||321||— (38th)||Labor||Dunstan (1st)|
|36|| Steele Hall |
MHA for Gouger
|17 April 1968||2 June 1970||776||1968 (39th)|| Liberal and|
|(35)||Don Dunstan||2 June 1970||15 February 1979||3180|| 1970 (40th)|
|37|| Des Corcoran |
MHA for Hartley
|15 February 1979||18 September 1979||215||— (43rd)||Labor||Corcoran|
|38|| David Tonkin |
MHA for Bragg
|18 September 1979||10 November 1982||1149||1979 (44th)||Liberal||Tonkin|
|39|| John Bannon |
MHA for Ross Smith
|10 November 1982||4 September 1992||3586|| 1982 (45th)|
|40|| Lynn Arnold |
MHA for Ramsay
|4 September 1992||14 December 1993||466||— (47th)||Labor||Arnold|
|41|| Dean Brown |
MHA for Finniss
|14 December 1993||28 November 1996||1080||1993 (48th)||Liberal||Brown|
|42|| John Olsen |
MHA for Kavel
|28 November 1996||22 October 2001||1789||— (48th)|
|43|| Rob Kerin |
MHA for Frome
|22 October 2001||5 March 2002||165||— (49th)||Liberal||Kerin|
|44|| Mike Rann |
MHA for Ramsay
|5 March 2002||21 October 2011||3517|| 2002 (50th)|
|45|| Jay Weatherill |
MHA for Cheltenham
|21 October 2011||19 March 2018||2341||— (52nd)|
|46|| Steven Marshall |
MHA for Dunstan
|19 March 2018||—||428||2018 (54th)||Liberal||Marshall|
There are seven living former premiers, the oldest being Steele Hall (1968–70, born 1928). The most recent premier to die was John Bannon (Premier 1982–1992) on 13 December 2015.
|Name||Term as premier||Date of birth|
|Steele Hall||1968–1970||28 November 1928|
|Lynn Arnold||1992–1993||27 January 1949|
|Dean Brown||1993–1996||5 April 1943|
|John Olsen||1996–2001||7 June 1945|
|Rob Kerin||2001–2002||4 January 1954|
|Mike Rann||2002–2011||5 January 1953|
|Jay Weatherill||2011–2018||3 April 1964|
In the following timeline, the legend includes the Liberal and Democratic Union, the Liberal Union and the Liberal Federation represented as "Liberal (pre-1979)". The Liberal Party is represented as "Liberal (post-1979)" only. The grey area represents the duration of Playmander electoral malapportionment, beginning in 1936, in effect until the 1970 election.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Premiers of South Australia .|
A hung parliament is a term used in legislatures under the Westminster system to describe a situation in which no particular political party or pre-existing coalition has an absolute majority of legislators in a parliament or other legislature. This situation is also known, albeit less commonly, as a balanced parliament, or as a legislature under no overall control, and can result in a minority government. The term is not relevant in multi-party systems where it is rare for a single party to hold a majority.
The politics of Queensland has several unique features with respect to other states in Australia including a unicameral legislature.
William Arthur Holman was an Australian politician who served as Premier of New South Wales from 1913 to 1920. He came to office as the leader of the Labor Party, but was expelled from the party in the split of 1916. He subsequently became the inaugural leader of the Nationalist Party.
SA Unions is the peak body for trade unions in South Australia. It coordinates political, social, economic, and industrial campaigns between its affiliate members and implements the policies of the Australian Council of Trade Unions in South Australia.
Sir Richard Layton Butler KCMG was the 31st Premier of South Australia, serving two disjunct terms in office: from 1927 to 1930, and again from 1933 to 1938.
Archibald Henry Peake was an Australian politician. He was Premier of South Australia on three occasions: from 1909 to 1910 for the Liberal and Democratic Union, and from 1912 to 1915 and 1917 to 1920 for its successor, the Liberal Union. He had also been Treasurer and Attorney-General in the Price-Peake coalition government from 1905 to 1909.
Thomas Price, frequently referred to as Tom Price, served as the South Australian United Labor Party's first Premier of South Australia. He formed a minority government at the 1905 election and was re-elected with increased representation at the 1906 double dissolution election serving until his death in 1909. It was the world's first stable Labor government. So successful, John Verran led Labor to form the state's first of many majority governments at the 1910 election.
The Liberal and Democratic Union (LDU) was a South Australian political party formed by early liberals, as opposed to the conservatives. It was formed in 1906 when liberal party structures were becoming more solid. Its leader, Archibald Peake, stressed that the LDU represented 'something not so sharply set as Labourism, not so dull in its edge as conservatism'. But with Labor taking over the middle ground, Kingstonian liberals like Peake had to choose.
The Leader of the Opposition in South Australia is the leader of the largest minority political party or coalition of parties, known as the Opposition, in the House of Assembly of the Parliament of South Australia. By convention, he or she is generally a member of the House of Assembly. He or she acts as the public face of the opposition, and act as a chief critic of the government and ultimately attempt to portray the opposition as a feasible alternate government. They are also given certain additional rights under parliamentary standing orders, such as extended time limits for speeches. Should the opposition win an election, the Leader of the Opposition will be nominated to become the Premier of South Australia.
Elections were held in the colony of South Australia from 15 April to 6 May 1893. All 54 seats in the South Australian House of Assembly were up for election.
Colonial elections were held in South Australia on 25 April 1896, excepting the Northern Territory, which voted on 2 May. All 54 seats in the South Australian House of Assembly were up for election. The incumbent liberal government led by Premier of South Australia Charles Kingston in an informal coalition with the United Labor Party (ULP) led by John McPherson defeated the conservative opposition. Each district elected multiple members, with voters casting multiple votes.
Elections were held in the colony of South Australia on 29 April 1899, except for Albert, where the incumbent members were elected unopposed on 12 April, and Northern Territory, which voted on 6 May. All 54 seats in the South Australian House of Assembly were up for election. The incumbent liberal government led by Premier of South Australia Charles Kingston in an informal coalition United Labor Party (ULP) led by Lee Batchelor defeated the conservative opposition led by Leader of the Opposition John Downer. Each district elected multiple members, with voters casting multiple votes. Although the conservatives won more seats, the liberal government retained power until later that year, when new conservative leader Vaiben Louis Solomon forced the government to resign, but only held office for one week. The liberals held government until the next election through leaders Frederick Holder and John Jenkins.
State elections were held in South Australia on 3 May 1902 following the dissolution of both houses. All 42 seats in the South Australian House of Assembly were up for election, and all 18 seats in the Legislative Council. The House had a reduction of 12 seats compared to the previous election. The Council was reduced from 6 members in each of four districts to 6 members from Central District and four from each of North-Eastern, Northern and Southern Districts. The incumbent liberal government led by Premier of South Australia John Jenkins in an informal coalition with the conservatives defeated the United Labor Party (ULP) led by Thomas Price. Each of the 13 districts elected multiple members, with voters casting multiple votes.
State elections were held in South Australia on 27 May 1905. All 42 seats in the South Australian House of Assembly were up for election. The incumbent conservative government led by Premier of South Australia Richard Butler in an informal coalition with the liberals was defeated by the United Labor Party (ULP) led by Leader of the Opposition Thomas Price. Each of the 13 districts elected multiple members, with voters casting multiple votes.
State elections were held in South Australia on 3 November 1906, apart from the Northern Territory, which voted on 10 November. This was a double dissolution election, and in the South Australian House of Assembly, all 42 seats were up for election. The incumbent United Labor Party (ULP) government led by Premier of South Australia Thomas Price with coalition partner the Liberal and Democratic Union (LDU) led by Archibald Peake, defeated the conservative opposition led by Leader of the Opposition Richard Butler. Each of the 13 districts elected multiple members, with voters casting multiple votes.
State elections were held in South Australia on 2 April 1910. All 42 seats in the South Australian House of Assembly were up for election. The incumbent Liberal and Democratic Union (LDU) government led by Premier of South Australia Archibald Peake was defeated by the United Labor Party (ULP) led by John Verran. Each of the 13 districts elected multiple members, with voters casting multiple votes. The Peake LDU minority government had replaced the Price ULP/LDU coalition government in June 1909. The 1910 election was the first to result in a South Australian majority government. This came two weeks after the election of a first majority in either house in the Parliament of Australia at the 1910 federal election, also for Labor. Though a South Australian majority was won, the ULP did not take office until after the new lower house first met.
The history of the Australian Labor Party has its origins in the Labour parties founded in the 1890s in the Australian colonies prior to federation. Labor tradition ascribes the founding of Queensland Labour to a meeting of striking pastoral workers under a ghost gum tree in Barcaldine, Queensland in 1891. The Balmain, New South Wales branch of the party claims to be the oldest in Australia. Labour as a parliamentary party dates from 1891 in New South Wales and South Australia, 1893 in Queensland, and later in the other colonies.
The Price-Peake Government is the name given to the coalition government in South Australia between 1905 and 1909 when Labor leader Tom Price led the government as Premier of South Australia with the support of the Liberal and Democratic Union (LDU) leader Archibald Peake as Treasurer of South Australia and Attorney-General of South Australia. Despite neither leader having Ministerial experience, the government they led was popular and successful.