Premier of South Australia

Last updated

Premier of South Australia
South Australian Coat of Arms.svg
Flag of South Australia.svg
PremierMarshall2018.jpg
Incumbent
Steven Marshall

since 19 March 2018
Style The Honourable
(Formal)
Premier
(Spoken)
Member ofCabinet
Reports toParliament of South Australia Governor of South Australia
Seat Adelaide, South Australia
Appointer Governor of South Australia
Term length At the Governor's pleasure
Inaugural holder Boyle Finniss
Formation24 October 1856
Salary$374,648 (AUD) [1]
Website http://premier.sa.gov.au/

The Premier of South Australia is the head of government in the state of South Australia, Australia. The Government of South Australia follows the Westminster system, with a Parliament of South Australia acting as the legislature. The Premier is appointed by the Governor of South Australia, and by modern convention holds office by virtue of his or her ability to command the support of a majority of members of the lower house of Parliament, the House of Assembly.

South Australia State of Australia

South Australia is a state in the southern central part of Australia. It covers some of the most arid parts of the country. With a total land area of 983,482 square kilometres (379,725 sq mi), it is the fourth-largest of Australia's states and territories by area, and fifth largest by population. It has a total of 1.7 million people, and its population is the second most highly centralised in Australia, after Western Australia, with more than 77 percent of South Australians living in the capital, Adelaide, or its environs. Other population centres in the state are relatively small; Mount Gambier, the second largest centre, has a population of 28,684.

Australia Country in Oceania

Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands. It is the largest country in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country by total area. The neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea, Indonesia and East Timor to the north; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east. The population of 25 million is highly urbanised and heavily concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Australia's capital is Canberra, and its largest city is Sydney. The country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Adelaide.

Government of South Australia state government of South Australia

The Government of South Australia, also referred to as the South Australian Government, is the Australian state democratic administrative authority of South Australia. The Government of South Australia, a parliamentary constitutional monarchy, was formed in 1856 as prescribed in its Constitution, as amended from time to time. Since the Federation of Australia in 1901, South Australia has been a state of the Commonwealth of Australia, and the Constitution of Australia regulates its relationship with the Commonwealth. Under the Australian Constitution, South Australia ceded legislative and judicial supremacy to the Commonwealth, but retained powers in all matters not in conflict with the Commonwealth.

Contents

Steven Marshall is the current Premier, having served since 19 March 2018.

Steven Marshall Australian politician

Steven Spence Marshall is an Australian politician serving as the 46th and current Premier of South Australia. He has been a member of the South Australian Division of the Liberal Party of Australia in the South Australian House of Assembly since 2010, representing the electorate of Dunstan.

History

Pre-Party

Before the 1890s when there was no formal party system in South Australia, MPs tended to have historical liberal or conservative beliefs. The liberals dominated government from the 1893 election to 1905 election with the support of the South Australian United Labor Party, with the conservatives mostly in opposition. Labor took government with the support of eight dissident liberals in 1905 when Labor won the most seats for the first time. The rise of Labor saw non-Labor politics start to merge into various party incarnations.

Liberalism is a political and moral philosophy based on liberty, consent of the governed, and equality before the law. Liberals espouse a wide array of views depending on their understanding of these principles, but they generally support limited government, individual rights, capitalism, democracy, secularism, gender equality, racial equality, internationalism, freedom of speech, freedom of the press and freedom of religion.

Conservatism is a political and social philosophy promoting traditional social institutions in the context of culture and civilization. The central tenets of conservatism include tradition, human imperfection, organic society, hierarchy, authority, and property rights. Conservatives seek to preserve a range of institutions such as religion, parliamentary government, and property rights, with the aim of emphasizing social stability and continuity. The more traditional elements—reactionaries—oppose modernism and seek a return to "the way things were".

Australian Labor Party (South Australian Branch) South Australian political party

The Australian Labor Party , commonly known as South Australian Labor, is the South Australian Branch of the Australian Labor Party, originally formed in 1891 as the United Labor Party of South Australia. It is one of two major parties in the bicameral Parliament of South Australia, the other being the Liberal Party of Australia.

The two independent conservative parties, the Australasian National League (formerly National Defence League) and the Farmers and Producers Political Union merged with the Liberal and Democratic Union to become the Liberal Union in 1910. Labor formed South Australia's first majority government after winning the 1910 state election, triggering the merger. The 1910 election came two weeks after federal Labor formed Australia's first elected majority government at the 1910 federal election.

An independent or nonpartisan politician is an individual politician not affiliated with any political party. There are numerous reasons why someone may stand for office as an independent.

The National Defence League (NDL) was an independent conservative political party founded in 1891 by MLC Richard Baker in South Australia as an immediate response to the perceived threat from Labor. Though renamed the Australasian National League (ANL) in 1896, it was still often referred to by its former name. It lasted until after the 1910 election when it merged with the Liberal and Democratic Union and the Farmers and Producers Political Union to become the Liberal Union.

The Farmers and Producers Political Union (FPPU) was an independent conservative agrarian political party founded in South Australia in reaction to Labor, keen to fend off a perceived threat to the FPPU's interests against a rising labour movement and Labor. The rural stockowners and graziers were concerned at the concentration of the Australasian National League (ANL) on the metropolitan electorates and urban issues, leading to the formation of the FPPU which had a conservative political agenda, and was absolutely opposed to franchise reform. It was essentially the rural wing of the ANL. The FPPU was created in 1904 and lasted until after the 1910 election when it merged with the Liberal and Democratic Union and the National Defence League to become the Liberal Union.

No "Country" or rural conservative parties emerged as serious long-term forces in South Australian state politics, often folding into the main non-Labor party.

List of Premiers of South Australia

The first six Governors of South Australia oversaw governance from proclamation in 1836 until self-government and an elected Parliament of South Australia was enacted in the year prior to the inaugural 1857 election.

Parliament of South Australia

The Parliament of South Australia at Parliament House, Adelaide is the bicameral legislature of the Australian state of South Australia. It consists of the 47-seat House of Assembly and the 22-seat Legislative Council. All of the lower house and half of the upper house is filled at each election. It follows a Westminster system of parliamentary government.

Colour key
(for political parties)
No.Name
(Birth–Death)
Constituency
PortraitTerm of Office
Start–End–Days
Elected
(Parliament)
PartyGovernment
Colonial Government (1856–1901)
1 Boyle Finniss
(1807–1893)
MHA for Adelaide
B. T. Finniss 2.jpeg 24 October 185621 August 1857301 1857 (1st) Independent Finniss
2 John Baker
(1813–1872)
Councillor
John Baker SA.jpg 21 August 18571 September 185711— (1st) Independent Baker
3 Robert Torrens
(1814–1884)
MHA for Adelaide
Robert Richard Torrens.jpg 1 September 185730 September 185729— (1st) Independent Torrens
4 Richard Hanson
(1805–1876)
MHA for Adelaide
Richard Hanson (Australia).jpg 30 September 18579 May 1860952— (1st) Independent Hanson
5 Thomas Reynolds
(1818–1875)
MHA for Adelaide
Thomas Reynolds (Australian politician).jpg 9 May 18608 October 1861517 1860 (2nd) Independent Reynolds (1st)
Reynolds (2nd)
6 George Waterhouse
(1824–1906)
Councillor
George Marsden Waterhouse.jpg 8 October 18614 July 1863634— (2nd)
1862 (3rd)
Independent Waterhouse (1st)
Waterhouse (2nd)
7 Francis Dutton
(1818–1877)
MHA for Light
Francis Dutton.jpg 4 July 186315 July 186311— (3rd) Independent Dutton (1st)
8 Henry Ayers
(1821–1897)
Councillor
Henry Ayers.jpg 15 July 18634 August 1864386— (3rd) Independent Ayers (1st)
Ayers (2nd)
9 Arthur Blyth
(1823–1890)
MHA for Gumeracha
ArthurBlyth.jpg 4 August 186422 March 1865230— (3rd) Independent Blyth (1st)
(7)Francis Dutton Francis Dutton.jpg 22 March 186520 September 1865182 1865 (4th) Independent Dutton (2nd)
(8)Henry Ayers Henry Ayers.jpg 20 September 186523 October 186533— (4th) Independent Ayers (3rd)
10 John Hart
(1809–1873)
MHA for Port Adelaide
John Hart 2.jpeg 23 October 186528 March 1866156— (4th) Independent Hart (1st)
11 James Boucaut
(1831–1916)
MHA for Encounter Bay
Boucat.jpg 28 March 18663 May 1867401— (4th) Independent Boucaut (1st)
(8)Henry Ayers Henry Ayers.jpg 3 May 186724 September 1868510— (4th)
1868 (5th)
Independent Ayers (4th)
(10)John Hart
MHA for Light
John Hart 2.jpeg 24 September 186813 October 186819— (5th) Independent Hart (2nd)
(8)Henry Ayers Henry Ayers.jpg 13 October 18683 November 186821— (5th) Independent Ayers (5th)
12 Henry Strangways
(1832–1920)
MHA for West Torrens
Henry Strangways.jpg 3 November 186830 May 1870573— (5th)
1870 (6th)
Independent Strangways (1st)
Strangways (2nd)
(10)John Hart
MHA for The Burra
John Hart 2.jpeg 30 May 187010 November 1871529— (6th) Independent Hart (3rd)
(9)Arthur Blyth ArthurBlyth.jpg 10 November 187122 January 187273— (6th)
1871 (7th)
Independent Blyth (2nd)
(8)Henry Ayers Henry Ayers.jpg 22 January 187222 July 1873517— (7th) Independent Ayers (6th)
Ayers (7th)
(9)Arthur Blyth ArthurBlyth.jpg 22 July 18733 June 1875681— (7th)
1875 (8th)
Independent Blyth (3rd)
(11)James Boucaut Boucat.jpg 3 June 18756 June 1876369— (8th) Independent Boucaut (2nd)
Boucaut (3rd)
13 John Colton
(1823–1902)
MHA for Noarlunga
John colton.jpg 6 June 187626 October 1877507— (8th) Independent Colton (1st)
(11)James Boucaut Boucat.jpg 26 October 187727 September 1878336— (8th)
1878 (9th)
Independent Boucaut (4th)
14 William Morgan
(1828–1883)
Councillor
William Morgan (Australian politician).jpg 27 September 187824 June 18811001— (9th)
1881 (10th)
Independent Morgan
15 John Bray
(1842–1894)
MHA for East Adelaide
John Cox Bray.jpg 24 June 188116 June 18841088— (10th)
1884 (11th)
Independent Bray
(13)John Colton John colton.jpg 16 June 188416 June 1885365— (11th) Independent Colton (2nd)
16 John Downer
(1843–1915)
MHA for Barossa
John Downer (Australian politician).jpg 16 June 188511 June 1887725— (11th)
1887 (12th)
Independent Downer (1st)
17 Thomas Playford (II)
(1837–1915)
MHA for Newcastle
Thomas playford II.jpg 11 June 188727 June 1889747— (12th) Independent Playford II (1st)
18 John Cockburn
(1850–1929)
MHA for Mount Barker
John Cockburn (Australian politician).jpg 27 June 188919 August 1890418— (12th)
1890 (13th)
Liberalism Cockburn
(17)Thomas Playford (II)
MHA for East Torrens
Thomas playford II.jpg 19 August 189021 June 1892672— (13th) Conservatism Playford II (2nd)
19 Frederick Holder
(1850–1909)
MHA for Burra
Frederick Holder1.jpg 21 June 189215 October 1892116— (13th) Liberalism Holder (1st)
(16)John Downer John Downer (Australian politician).jpg 15 October 189216 June 1893244— (13th) Conservatism Downer (2nd)
20 Charles Kingston
(1850–1908)
MHA for West Adelaide
Charles Kingston.jpg 16 June 18931 December 18992359 1893 (14th)
1896 (15th)
1899 (16th)
Liberalism Kingston
21 Vaiben Solomon
(1853–1908)
MHA for Northern Territory
Vaiben Solomon1.jpg 1 December 18998 December 18997— (16th) Conservatism Solomon
(19)Frederick Holder Frederick Holder1.jpg 8 December 189915 May 1901523— (16th) Liberalism Holder (2nd)
State Government (1901–present)
22 John Jenkins
(1851–1923)
MHA for Torrens
JohnJenkins.jpg 15 May 19011 March 19051386— (16th)
1902 (17th)
Liberalism Jenkins
23 Richard Butler
(1850–1925)
MHA for Barossa
Sir Richard Butler (Australia).jpg 1 March 190526 July 1905147— (17th) Conservatism Butler I
24 Thomas Price
(1852–1909)
MHA for Torrens
Thomas Price.jpeg 26 July 19055 June 19091410 1905 (18th)
1906 (19th)
United Labor Price
25 Archibald Peake
(1859–1920)
MHA for Victoria & Albert
Archibald Peake.jpg 5 June 19093 June 1910363— (19th) Liberal &
Democratic Union
Peake (1st)
26 John Verran
(1856–1932)
MHA for Wallaroo
JohnVerran.jpg 3 June 191017 February 1912624 1910 (20th) United Labor Verran
(25)Archibald Peake Archibald Peake.jpg 17 February 19123 April 19151141 1912 (21st) Liberal Union Peake (2nd)
27 Crawford Vaughan
(1874–1947)
MHA for Sturt
CrawfordVaughan.jpg 3 April 191514 July 1917833 1915 (22nd) United Labor Vaughan
(25)Archibald Peake Archibald Peake.jpg 14 July 19178 April 1920999— (22nd)
1918 (23rd)
Liberal Union Peake (3rd)
28 Henry Barwell
(1877–1959)
MHA for Stanley
Henry Barwell.jpg 8 April 192016 April 19241469— (23rd)
1921 (24th)
Liberal Union
(until 1923)
Liberal Federation
(from 1923)
Barwell
29 John Gunn
(1884–1959)
MHA for Adelaide
JohnGunn.jpg 16 April 192428 August 1926864 1924 (25th) Labor Gunn
30 Lionel Hill
(1881–1963)
MHA for Port Pirie
Lionel Hill1.JPG 28 August 19268 April 1927223— (25th) Labor Hill (1st)
31 Richard L. Butler
(1885–1966)
MHA for Wooroora
Richard Layton Butler.jpg 8 April 192717 April 19301105 1927 (26th) Liberal Federation Butler II (1st)
(30)Lionel Hill Lionel Hill1.JPG 17 April 193013 February 19331033 1930 (27th) Labor Hill (2nd)
32 Robert Richards
(1885–1967)
MHA for Wallaroo
Robert Richards (Australia).gif 13 February 193318 April 193364— (27th) Labor Richards
(31)Richard L. Butler Richard Layton Butler.jpg 18 April 19335 November 19382027 1933 (28th)
1938 (29th)
Liberal and
Country League
Butler II (2nd)
33 Thomas Playford (IV)
(1896–1981)
MHA for Gumeracha
Playford portrait 38.jpg 5 November 193810 March 19659622— (29th)
1941 (30th)
1944 (31st)
1947 (32nd)
1950 (33rd)
1953 (34th)
1956 (35th)
1959 (36th)
1962 (37th)
Liberal and
Country League
Playford IV (1st)
Playford IV (2nd)
34 Frank Walsh
(1897–1968)
MHA for Edwardstown
FrankWalsh1963.jpg 10 March 19651 June 1967813 1965 (38th) Labor Walsh
35 Don Dunstan
(1926–1999)
MHA for Norwood
Don Dunstan 1968 crop.jpg 1 June 196717 April 1968321— (38th) Labor Dunstan (1st)
36 Steele Hall
(born 1928)
MHA for Gouger
SteeleHall1968crop.jpg 17 April 19682 June 1970776 1968 (39th) Liberal and
Country League
Hall
(35) Don Dunstan Don Dunstan 1968 crop.jpg 2 June 197015 February 19793180 1970 (40th)
1973 (41st)
1975 (42nd)
1977 (43rd)
Labor Dunstan (2nd)
37 Des Corcoran
(1928–2004)
MHA for Hartley
15 February 197918 September 1979215— (43rd) Labor Corcoran
38 David Tonkin
(1929–2000)
MHA for Bragg
18 September 197910 November 19821149 1979 (44th) Liberal Tonkin
39 John Bannon
(1943–2015)
MHA for Ross Smith
John Charles Bannon 1943-2015.jpg 10 November 19824 September 19923586 1982 (45th)
1985 (46th)
1989 (47th)
Labor Bannon
40 Lynn Arnold
(born 1949)
MHA for Ramsay
4 September 199214 December 1993466— (47th) Labor Arnold
41 Dean Brown
(born 1943)
MHA for Finniss
14 December 199328 November 19961080 1993 (48th) Liberal Brown
42 John Olsen
(born 1945)
MHA for Kavel
John Olsen (1).jpg 28 November 199622 October 20011789— (48th)
1997 (49th)
Liberal Olsen
43 Rob Kerin
(born 1954)
MHA for Frome
22 October 20015 March 2002165— (49th) Liberal Kerin
44 Mike Rann
(born 1953)
MHA for Ramsay
Mike Rann (smiling).jpg 5 March 200221 October 20113517 2002 (50th)
2006 (51st)
2010 (52nd)
Labor Rann
45 Jay Weatherill
(born 1964)
MHA for Cheltenham
Jay Weatherill crop.jpg 21 October 201119 March 20182341— (52nd)
2014 (53rd)
Labor Weatherill
46 Steven Marshall
(born 1968)
MHA for Dunstan
PremierMarshall2018.jpg 19 March 2018428 2018 (54th) Liberal Marshall

Living former premiers

Former South Australian premiers (from left) Robert Richards, Richard L. Butler, Lionel Hill and Henry Barwell meet with then Premier Tom Playford in 1940 South Australian premiers.gif
Former South Australian premiers (from left) Robert Richards, Richard L. Butler, Lionel Hill and Henry Barwell meet with then Premier Tom Playford in 1940

There are seven living former premiers, the oldest being Steele Hall (196870, born 1928). The most recent premier to die was John Bannon (Premier 19821992) on 13 December 2015.

NameTerm as premierDate of birth
Steele Hall 1968197028 November 1928 (age 90)
Lynn Arnold 1992199327 January 1949 (age 70)
Dean Brown 199319965 April 1943 (age 76)
John Olsen 199620017 June 1945 (age 73)
Rob Kerin 200120024 January 1954 (age 65)
Mike Rann 200220115 January 1953 (age 66)
Jay Weatherill 201120183 April 1964 (age 55)

Timeline

In the following timeline, the legend includes the Liberal and Democratic Union, the Liberal Union and the Liberal Federation represented as "Liberal (pre-1979)". The Liberal Party is represented as "Liberal (post-1979)" only. The grey area represents the duration of Playmander electoral malapportionment, beginning in 1936, in effect until the 1970 election.

Steven MarshallJay WeatherillMike RannRob KerinJohn OlsenDean BrownLynn ArnoldJohn BannonDavid TonkinDes CorcoranSteele HallDon DunstanFrank WalshThomas Playford IVRobert Richards (Australian politician)Richard Layton ButlerLionel HillJohn Gunn (Australian politician)Henry BarwellCrawford VaughanJohn VerranArchibald PeakeThomas PriceRichard Butler (Australian politician)John Jenkins (Australian politician)Vaiben SolomonCharles KingstonFrederick HolderJohn Cockburn (Australian politician)Thomas Playford IIJohn DownerJohn Cox BrayWilliam Morgan (Australian politician)John ColtonHenry StrangwaysJames BoucautJohn Hart (South Australian colonist)Arthur BlythHenry AyresFrancis DuttonGeorge Marsden WaterhouseThomas ReynoldsRichard Hanson (Australian politician)Robert TorrensJohn Baker (Australian politician)Boyle FinnissPremier of South Australia

See also

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References

  1. "'Extraordinary' $30,000 MP pay rise under fire from South Australian welfare groups". ABC News. 18 December 2015. Retrieved 9 February 2016.