Premier of Queensland

Last updated

Premier of Queensland
Coat of Arms of Queensland.svg
Flag of Queensland.svg
Annastacia Palaszczuk 2016.jpg
Incumbent
Annastacia Palaszczuk

since 14 February 2015
Style The Honourable
Member of Cabinet of Queensland
Appointer Governor of Queensland
Term length At the Governor's pleasure
Inaugural holder Robert Herbert
Formation10 December 1859
Salary$380,000 per annum
Website www.thepremier.qld.gov.au

The Premier of Queensland is the head of government in the Australian state of Queensland.

The head of government is either the highest or second highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-governing colony, who often presides over a cabinet, a group of ministers or secretaries who lead executive departments. "Head of government" is often differentiated from "head of state", as they may be separate positions, individuals, or roles depending on the country.

Australia Country in Oceania

Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands. It is the largest country in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country by total area. The neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea, Indonesia, and East Timor to the north; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east. The population of 25 million is highly urbanised and heavily concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Australia's capital is Canberra, and its largest city is Sydney. The country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, and Adelaide.

Queensland North-east state of Australia

Queensland is the second-largest and third-most populous state in the Commonwealth of Australia. Situated in the north-east of the country, it is bordered by the Northern Territory, South Australia and New South Wales to the west, south-west and south respectively. To the east, Queensland is bordered by the Coral Sea and Pacific Ocean. To its north is the Torres Strait, with Papua New Guinea located less than 200 km across it from the mainland. The state is the world's sixth-largest sub-national entity, with an area of 1,852,642 square kilometres (715,309 sq mi).

Contents

By convention the Premier is the leader of the party with a parliamentary majority in the unicameral Legislative Assembly of Queensland. The Premier is appointed by the Governor of Queensland.

Legislative Assembly of Queensland Chamber of the unicameral Parliament of Queensland

The Legislative Assembly of Queensland is the sole chamber of the unicameral Parliament of Queensland. Elections are held every four years. Voting is by the full-preferential voting form of the alternative vote system. The Assembly has 93 members, who have used the letters MP after their names since 2000.

Governor of Queensland

The Governor of Queensland is the representative in the state of Queensland of the Queen of Australia. In an analogous way to the Governor-General of Australia at the national level, the Governor performs constitutional and ceremonial functions at the state level. In particular the governor has the power to appoint and dismiss the Premier of Queensland and all other ministers in the cabinet, and issue writs for the election of the state parliament.

The incumbent Premier of Queensland since the 2015 election is Annastacia Palaszczuk of the Labor Party.

2015 Queensland state election

The 2015 Queensland state election was held on 31 January 2015 to elect all 89 members of the unicameral Legislative Assembly of Queensland.

Annastacia Palaszczuk Australian politician

Annastacia Palaszczuk is an Australian politician and 39th Premier of Queensland, serving since the 2015 election. She has been a Labor member of the Legislative Assembly of Queensland since the 2006 election, representing the electorate of Inala. She held various ministerial portfolios in the Bligh Labor government from 2009. Following Labor's defeat in the 2012 election, Palaszczuk succeeded Bligh as leader of Queensland Labor. After the defeat of the Newman LNP government in 2015, Palaszczuk became the first woman in Australia to become Premier of a state from Opposition. Her first ministry was majority female, a first in Australia.

Australian Labor Party (Queensland Branch) State branch of the Australian Labor Party

The Australian Labor Party , commonly known as Queensland Labor is the Queensland branch of the Australian Labor Party.

Constitutional role

Under section 42 of the Constitution of Queensland the Premier and other members of Cabinet are appointed by the Governor and are collectively responsible to Parliament. The text of the Constitution assigns to the Premier certain powers, such as the power to assign roles (s. 25) to Assistant Ministers (formerly known as Parliamentary Secretaries), and to appoint Ministers as acting Ministers (s. 45) for a period of 14 days.

Cabinet (government) Group of high ranking officials, usually representing the executive branch of government

A Cabinet is a body of high-ranking state officials, typically consisting of the top leaders of the executive branch. Members of a cabinet are usually called Cabinet ministers or secretaries. The function of a Cabinet varies: in some countries it is a collegiate decision-making body with collective responsibility, while in others it may function either as a purely advisory body or an assisting institution to a decision making head of state or head of government. Cabinets are typically the body responsible for the day-to-day management of the government and response to sudden events, whereas the legislative and judicial branches work in a measured pace, in sessions according to lengthy procedures.

In practice, under the conventions of the Westminster System followed in Queensland, the Premier's power is derived from two sources: command of a majority in the Legislative Assembly, and the Premier's role as chair of Cabinet, determining the appointment and roles of Ministers. Although ministerial appointments are the prerogative of the Governor of Queensland, in normal circumstances the Governor will make these appointments under the "advice" (in reality, direction) of the Premier.

Immediately following an election for the Legislative Assembly, the Governor will call on the leader of the party which commands a majority in the Legislative Assembly, and ask them to commission a government. A re-elected government will be resworn, with adjustments to the ministry as determined by the Premier.

Premier's office

The Premier has an office in the Executive Annexe of Parliament House, Brisbane, which is normally used while Parliament is sitting. At other times the Premier's ministerial office is in 1 William Street, which is across the road from the Executive Annexe.

Parliament House, Brisbane House of Parliament for State of Queensland, Australia. Opened 4th August 1868

Parliament House in Brisbane is the meeting place of the Parliament of Queensland, housing its only chamber, the Legislative Assembly. It is located on the corner of George Street and Alice Street at Gardens Point in the CBD, and is next to the Queensland University of Technology and City Botanic Gardens.

1 William Street, Brisbane

1 William Street is a skyscraper in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia and is the second tallest in the city at 259.8 metres. The modernist style office building is located in the Brisbane central business district, in close proximity to Parliament House. The building was developed for the Queensland Government as part of the government's plan for a renewed Government Administrative Precinct and to meet its accommodation demands.

List of Premiers of Queensland

Before the 1890s, there was no developed party system in Queensland. Political affiliation labels before that time indicate a general tendency only. Before the end of the first decade of the twentieth century, political parties were more akin to parliamentary factions, and were fluid, informal and disorganised by modern standards.

No.Name
(lifespan)
PortraitTerm of OfficePartyConstituencyElection(s) Won
1 Robert Herbert Queensland State Archives 2954 Portrait of The Honourable Sir Robert George Wyndham Herbert Premier of Queensland c 1862.png 10 December 18591 February 1866Squatter Conservative Leichardt 1860
1863
2 Arthur Macalister Arthur Macalister.jpg 1 February 186620 July 1866None Town of Ipswich -
(1) Robert Herbert Queensland State Archives 2954 Portrait of The Honourable Sir Robert George Wyndham Herbert Premier of Queensland c 1862.png 20 July 18667 August 1866Squatter Conservative West Moreton -
(2) Arthur Macalister Arthur Macalister.jpg 7 August 186615 August 1867None Town of Ipswich -
3 Robert Mackenzie RobertRamsayMackenzie.jpg 15 August 186725 November 1868Squatter Conservative Burnett 1867
4 Charles Lilley Charles Lilley.jpg 25 November 18682 May 1870Liberal Hamlet of Fortitude Valley 1868
5 Arthur Palmer Arthur Hunter Palmer.jpg 3 May 18707 January 1874Squatter Conservative Port Curtis 1870
1871
(2) Arthur Macalister, CMG Arthur Macalister.jpg 8 January 18745 June 1876Liberal Ipswich 1873
6 George Thorn George Thorn.jpg 5 June 18768 March 1877Liberal Ipswich -
7 John Douglas, CMG John Douglas.jpg 8 March 187721 January 1879Liberal Maryborough -
8 Sir Thomas McIlwraith, KCMG Thomas McIlwraith.jpg 21 January 187913 November 1883Conservative Mulgrave 1878
9 Sir Samuel Griffith, KCMG , QC SGriff1.jpg 13 November 188313 June 1888Liberal North Brisbane 1883
(8) Sir Thomas McIlwraith, KCMG Thomas McIlwraith.jpg 13 June 188830 November 1888Conservative Brisbane North -
10 Boyd Dunlop Morehead Boyd Morehead.jpg 30 November 188812 August 1890Conservative Balonne 1888
(9) Sir Samuel Griffith, KCMG , QC SGriff1.jpg 12 August 189027 March 1893Liberal North Brisbane -
(8) Sir Thomas McIlwraith, KCMG Thomas McIlwraith.jpg 27 March 189327 October 1893Conservative Brisbane North -
11 Sir Hugh Nelson, KCMG Sir Hugh Nelson.jpg 27 October 189313 April 1898 Ministerial Murilla 1896
12 Thomas Joseph Byrnes Thomas Joseph Byrnes.jpg 13 April 18981 October 1898 Ministerial Warwick -
13 James Dickson James Robert Dickson.jpg 1 October 18981 December 1899 Ministerial Bulimba 1899
14 Anderson Dawson AndersonDawson.jpg 1 December 18997 December 1899 Labour Charters Towers -
15 Robert Philp Queensland State Archives 3062 Portrait of The Honourable Sir Robert Philp Premier of Queensland c 1900.png 7 December 189917 September 1903 Ministerial Townsville 1902
16 Arthur Morgan Sir Arthur Morgan.jpg 17 September 190319 January 1906Liberal Warwick 1904
17 William Kidston William Kidston.jpg 19 January 190619 November 1907 Labor South Brisbane 1907
Kidstonite
(15) Robert Philp Queensland State Archives 3062 Portrait of The Honourable Sir Robert Philp Premier of Queensland c 1900.png 19 November 190718 February 1908Conservative Townsville -
(17) William Kidston William Kidston.jpg 18 February 19087 February 1911 Kidston; Liberal Rockhampton 1908
1909
18 Digby Denham Digby Denham.jpg 7 February 19111 June 1915 Liberal Oxley 1912
19 T. J. Ryan, KC TJRyanPortrait.jpg 1 June 191522 October 1919 Labor Barcoo 1915
1918
20 Ted Theodore Ted Theodore 1931.jpg 22 October 191926 February 1925 Labor Chillagoe 1920
1923
21 William Gillies William Gillies 1920.jpg 26 February 192522 October 1925 Labor Eacham -
22 William McCormack William McCormack.jpg 22 October 192521 May 1929 Labor Carins 1926
23 Arthur Edward Moore Arthur Edward Moore.jpg 21 May 192917 June 1932 CPNP Aubigny 1929
24 William Forgan Smith William Forgan Smith.jpg 17 June 193216 September 1942 Labor Mackay 1932
1935
1938
1941
25 Frank Cooper Frank Cooper, circa 1949.jpg 16 September 19427 March 1946 Labor Bremer 1944
26 Ned Hanlon Queensland State Archives 4694 Premier Hanlon MLA c 1952.png 7 March 194617 January 1952 Labor Ithaca 1947
1950
27 Vince Gair Queensland State Archives 4750 Hon VC Gair Premier of Queensland c 1953.png 17 January 195212 August 1957 Labor South Brisbane 1953
1956
Queensland Labor
28 Frank Nicklin, MM Frank Nicklin.jpg 12 August 195717 January 1968 Country Murrumba 1957
1960
1963
1966
29 Jack Pizzey Jack Pizzey.jpg 17 January 19681 August 1968 Country Isis -
30 Gordon Chalk Gordon Chalk 1963.jpg 1 August 19688 August 1968 Liberal Lockyer -
31 Sir Joh Bjelke-Petersen, KCMG
(knighted in 1984)
Joh Bjelke-Petersen.jpg 8 August 19681 December 1987 Country/National Barambah 1969
1972
1974
1977
1980
1983
1986
32 Mike Ahern Mike Ahern, Parliament House, Brisbane City, October 1988.jpg 1 December 198725 September 1989 National Landsborough -
33 Russell Cooper No image.png 25 September 19897 December 1989 National Roma -
34 Wayne Goss Wayne Goss.png 7 December 198919 February 1996 Labor Logan 1989
1992
1995
35 Rob Borbidge No image.png 19 February 199620 June 1998 National Surfers Paradise -
36 Peter Beattie Peter Beattie, BYCC, August 2013 (cropped).jpg 20 June 199813 September 2007 Labor Brisbane Central 1998
2001
2004
2006
37 Anna Bligh Anna Bligh crop.jpg 13 September 200726 March 2012 Labor South Brisbane 2009
38 Campbell Newman Campbell Newman being interviewed (cropped).jpg 26 March 201214 February 2015 Liberal National Ashgrove 2012
39 Annastacia Palaszczuk Annastacia Palaszczuk 2016.jpg 14 February 2015Incumbent Labor Inala 2015
2017

Living former premiers

As of February 2015, six former premiers are alive, the oldest being Russell Cooper (1989, born 1941). The most recent premier to die was Wayne Goss (1951–2014), on 10 November 2014.

NameTerm as premierDate of birth
Mike Ahern 1987–19892 June 1942 (age 77)
Russell Cooper 19894 February 1941 (age 78)
Rob Borbidge 1996–199812 August 1954 (age 64)
Peter Beattie 1998–200718 November 1952 (age 66)
Anna Bligh 2007–201214 July 1960 (age 58)
Campbell Newman 2012–201512 August 1963 (age 55)

Graphical timeline

Annastacia PalaszczukCampbell NewmanAnna BlighPeter BeattieRob BorbidgeWayne GossRussell CooperMichael Ahern (Australian politician)Joh Bjelke-PetersenGordon ChalkJack PizzeyFrancis NicklinVince GairNed Hanlon (politician)Frank CooperWilliam Forgan SmithArthur Edward MooreWilliam McCormackWilliam Gillies (Australian politician)Ted TheodoreT. J. RyanDigby DenhamWilliam KidstonArthur Morgan (Queensland politician)Robert PhilpAnderson DawsonJames DicksonThomas Joseph ByrnesHugh NelsonBoyd MoreheadSamuel GriffithThomas McIlwraithJohn Douglas (Queensland politician)George ThornArthur Hunter PalmerCharles LilleyRobert Mackenzie (Queensland politician)Arthur MacalisterRobert HerbertWorld War IIWorld War IPremier of Queensland

See also

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References