Premier of Queensland

Last updated

Premier of Queensland
Coat of Arms of Queensland.svg
Flag of Queensland.svg
Annastacia Palaszczuk 2016.jpg
Incumbent
Annastacia Palaszczuk

since 14 February 2015
Department of the Premier and Cabinet
Style
Status Head of Government
Member of
Reports to Parliament
Seat 1 William Street, Brisbane
Appointer Governor of Queensland
by convention, based on appointee's ability to command confidence in the Legislative Assembly
Term length At the Governor's pleasure
contingent on the premier's ability to command confidence in the house of Parliament
Constituting instrumentNone (constitutional convention)
Formation10 December 1859
First holder Robert Herbert
Deputy Deputy Premier of Queensland
Salary AU$469,367 (as of 1 September 2021) [1] [lower-alpha 1]
Website www.thepremier.qld.gov.au

The premier of Queensland is the head of government in the Australian state of Queensland.

Contents

By convention the premier is the leader of the party with a parliamentary majority in the unicameral Legislative Assembly of Queensland. The premier is appointed by the Governor of Queensland.

The incumbent premier of Queensland since the 2015 election is Annastacia Palaszczuk of the Labor Party.

Constitutional role

Under section 42 of the Constitution of Queensland the premier and other members of Cabinet are appointed by the Governor and are collectively responsible to Parliament. The text of the Constitution assigns to the premier certain powers, such as the power to assign roles (s. 25) to Assistant Ministers (formerly known as Parliamentary Secretaries), and to appoint Ministers as acting Ministers (s. 45) for a period of 14 days.

In practice, under the conventions of the Westminster System followed in Queensland, the premier's power is derived from two sources: command of a majority in the Legislative Assembly, and the premier's role as chair of Cabinet, determining the appointment and roles of Ministers. Although ministerial appointments are the prerogative of the Governor of Queensland, in normal circumstances the Governor will make these appointments under the "advice" (in reality, direction) of the premier.

Immediately following an election for the Legislative Assembly, the Governor will call on the leader of the party which commands a majority in the Legislative Assembly to become Premier and ask them to commission a government. A re-elected government will be resworn, with adjustments to the ministry as determined by the premier. [2]

Prior to the existence of political parties within the Leglislative Assembly, to become Premier, that member had to be able to command the support of a majority of the individual members of the assembly; this group of members were known informally as Ministerialists, while those who did not support the member who became Premier were known informally as Oppositionists (or the Opposition).

Premier's office

The premier has an office in the Executive Annexe of Parliament House, Brisbane, which is normally used while Parliament is sitting. At other times the premier's ministerial office is in 1 William Street, which is across the road from the Executive Annexe.

List of premiers of Queensland

Before the 1890s, there was no developed party system in Queensland. Political affiliation labels before that time indicate a general tendency only. Before the end of the first decade of the twentieth century, political parties were more akin to parliamentary factions, and were fluid, informal and disorganised by modern standards.

No.PortraitNameElectionTerm of officePolitical partyConstituency
Took officeLeft officeTerm in office
1 Queensland State Archives 2954 Portrait of The Honourable Sir Robert George Wyndham Herbert Premier of Queensland c 1862.png Robert Herbert 1860
1863
10 December 18591 February 18666 years, 53 daysSquatter Conservative Leichhardt
2 Arthur Macalister.jpg Arthur Macalister 1 February 186620 July 1866169 days Independent Town of Ipswich
(1) Queensland State Archives 2954 Portrait of The Honourable Sir Robert George Wyndham Herbert Premier of Queensland c 1862.png Robert Herbert 20 July 18667 August 186618 daysSquatter Conservative West Moreton
(2) Arthur Macalister.jpg Arthur Macalister 7 August 186615 August 18671 year, 8 days Independent Town of Ipswich
3 RobertRamsayMackenzie.jpg Robert Mackenzie 1867 15 August 186725 November 18681 year, 102 daysSquatter Conservative Burnett
4 Charles Lilley.jpg Charles Lilley 1868 25 November 18682 May 18701 year, 158 days Independent Hamlet of Fortitude Valley
5 Arthur Hunter Palmer.jpg Arthur Hunter Palmer 1870
1871
3 May 18707 January 18743 years, 249 daysSquatter Conservative Port Curtis
(2) Arthur Macalister.jpg Arthur Macalister, CMG 1873 8 January 18745 June 18762 years, 149 days Independent Ipswich
6 George Thorn.jpg George Thorn 5 June 18768 March 1877276 days Independent Ipswich
7 John Douglas.jpg John Douglas, CMG 8 March 187721 January 18791 year, 227 days Independent Maryborough
8 Thomas McIlwraith.jpg Sir Thomas McIlwraith, KCMG 1878 21 January 187913 November 18834 years, 296 daysConservative Mulgrave
9 SGriff1.jpg Sir Samuel Griffith, KCMG , QC 1883 13 November 188313 June 18884 years, 213 daysLiberal North Brisbane
(8) Thomas McIlwraith.jpg Sir Thomas McIlwraith, KCMG 13 June 188830 November 1888170 daysConservative Brisbane North
10 Boyd Morehead.jpg Boyd Dunlop Morehead 1888 30 November 188812 August 18901 year, 255 daysConservative Balonne
(9) SGriff1.jpg Sir Samuel Griffith, KCMG , QC 12 August 189027 March 18932 years, 227 daysLiberal North Brisbane
(8) Thomas McIlwraith.jpg Sir Thomas McIlwraith, KCMG 1893 27 March 189327 October 1893214 daysConservative Brisbane North
11 Sir Hugh Nelson.jpg Sir Hugh Nelson, KCMG 1896 27 October 189313 April 18984 years, 168 days Ministerial Murilla
12 Thomas Joseph Byrnes.jpg Thomas Joseph Byrnes 13 April 18981 October 1898171 days Ministerial Warwick
13 James Robert Dickson.jpg James Dickson 1899 1 October 18981 December 18991 year, 61 days Ministerial Bulimba
14 AndersonDawson.jpg Anderson Dawson 1 December 18997 December 18996 days Labour Charters Towers
15 Queensland State Archives 3062 Portrait of The Honourable Sir Robert Philp Premier of Queensland c 1900.png Robert Philp 1902 7 December 189917 September 19033 years, 284 days Ministerial Townsville
16 Sir Arthur Morgan.jpg Arthur Morgan 1904 17 September 190319 January 19062 years, 124 daysLiberal Warwick
17 William Kidston.jpg William Kidston 1907 19 January 190619 November 19071 year, 304 days Labor South Brisbane
(17) Kidstonite
(15) Queensland State Archives 3062 Portrait of The Honourable Sir Robert Philp Premier of Queensland c 1900.png Robert Philp 19 November 190718 February 190891 daysConservative Townsville
(17) William Kidston.jpg William Kidston 1908
1909
18 February 19087 February 19112 years, 354 days Kidston; Liberal Rockhampton
18 Digby Denham.jpg Digby Denham 1912 7 February 19111 June 19154 years, 114 days Liberal Oxley
19 TJRyanPortrait.jpg T. J. Ryan, KC 1915
1918
1 June 191522 October 19194 years, 143 days Labor Barcoo
20 Ted Theodore 1931.jpg Ted Theodore 1920
1923
22 October 191926 February 19255 years, 127 days Labor Chillagoe
21 William Gillies 1920.jpg William Gillies 26 February 192522 October 1925238 days Labor Eacham
22 William McCormack.jpg William McCormack 1926 22 October 192521 May 19293 years, 211 days Labor Cairns
23 Arthur Edward Moore.jpg Arthur Edward Moore 1929 21 May 192917 June 19323 years, 27 days CPNP Aubigny
24 William Forgan Smith.jpg William Forgan Smith 1932
1935
1938
1941
17 June 193216 September 194210 years, 91 days Labor Mackay
25 Frank Cooper, circa 1949.jpg Frank Arthur Cooper 1944 16 September 19427 March 19463 years, 172 days Labor Bremer
26 Queensland State Archives 4694 Premier Hanlon MLA c 1952.png Ned Hanlon 1947
1950
7 March 194617 January 19525 years, 316 days Labor Ithaca
27 Queensland State Archives 4750 Hon VC Gair Premier of Queensland c 1953.png Vince Gair 1953
1956
17 January 195212 August 19575 years, 207 days Labor South Brisbane
(27) Queensland Labor
28 Frank Nicklin 1963.jpg Frank Nicklin, MM 1957
1960
1963
1966
12 August 195717 January 196810 years, 158 days Country Landsborough
29 Jack Pizzey 1968.jpg Jack Pizzey 17 January 19681 August 1968197 days Country Isis
30 Gordon Chalk 1963.jpg Gordon Chalk 1 August 19688 August 19687 days Liberal Lockyer
31 Joh Bjelke-Petersen.jpg Sir Joh Bjelke-Petersen, KCMG
(knighted in 1984)
1969
1972
1974
1977
1980
1983
1986
8 August 19681 December 198719 years, 115 days Country/National Barambah
32 Mike Ahern, Parliament House, Brisbane City, October 1988.jpg Mike Ahern 1 December 198725 September 19891 year, 298 days National Landsborough
33 No image.png Russell Cooper 25 September 19897 December 198984 days National Roma
34 Wayne Goss.png Wayne Goss 1989
1992
1995
7 December 198919 February 19966 years, 74 days Labor Logan
35 No image.png Rob Borbidge 19 February 199620 June 19982 years, 121 days National Surfers Paradise
36 Peter Beattie, BYCC, August 2013 (cropped).jpg Peter Beattie 1998
2001
2004
2006
20 June 199813 September 20079 years, 85 days Labor Brisbane Central
37 Anna Bligh crop.jpg Anna Bligh 2009 13 September 200726 March 20124 years, 195 days Labor South Brisbane
38 Campbell Newman being interviewed (cropped).jpg Campbell Newman 2012 26 March 201214 February 20152 years, 325 days Liberal National Ashgrove
39 Annastacia Palaszczuk 2016.jpg Annastacia Palaszczuk 2015
2017
2020
14 February 2015Incumbent7 years, 290 days Labor Inala

Statistics

The median age of a premier on the first day of their first term is roughly 48 years, and 240 days which falls between Russell Cooper and John Douglas. The youngest person to assume the office was Robert Herbert at 28 years and 181 days. The oldest person to assume office was Frank Cooper at 70 years and 62 days.

The oldest living former premier is Russell Cooper, born 4 February 1941 (age 81 years, 300 days). The youngest living former premier is Campbell Newman, born 12 August 1963, (age 59 years, 111 days). The youngest living premier is the incumbent Annastacia Palaszczuk, born 25 July 1969, (age 53 years, 129 days).

The longest-lived premier was Joh Bjelke-Petersen who died on 23 April 2005 at the age of 94 years and 100 days. Arthur Edward Moore was the second longest-lived premier, aged 86 years and 332 days, 7 years and 232 days short of Bjelke-Petersen. Bjelke-Petersen surpassed Moore's lifespan on 11 December 1997. The oldest living premier, Russell Cooper, will tie Moore if he lives to 2 January 2028, and tie Bjelke-Petersen if he lives to 15 May 2035. The shortest-lived Premier was Thomas Joseph Byrnes who died in office at the age of 37 years and 320 days on 27 September 1898.

The premier with the longest retirement is Robert Herbert. He left office on 7 August 1866, and died 38 years and 272 days later on 6 May 1905. The premier with the shortest retirement is James Dickson, who died on 10 January 1901, 1 year and 40 days after leaving office on 1 December 1899.

#PremierBornTook officeAgeLeft officeAgeDiedLength of retirementLifespan
1 Robert Herbert 12 June 183110 December 185928 years, 181 days7 August 186635 years, 56 days6 May 190538 years, 272 days73 years, 328 days
2 Arthur Macalister 18 January 18181 February 186648 years, 14 days5 June 187658 years, 139 days23 March 18836 years, 291 days65 years, 64 days
3 Robert Mackenzie 21 July 181115 August 186756 years, 25 days25 November 186857 years, 127 days19 September 18734 years, 298 days62 years, 60 days
4 Charles Lilley 27 August 182725 November 186841 years, 90 days2 May 187042 years, 248 days20 August 189727 years, 110 days69 years, 358 days
5 Arthur Hunter Palmer 28 December 18193 May 187050 years, 126 days7 January 187454 years, 10 days20 March 189824 years, 72 days78 years, 82 days
6 George Thorn 12 October 18385 June 187637 years, 237 days8 March 187738 years, 147 days15 January 190527 years, 313 days66 years, 95 days
7 John Douglas 6 March 18288 March 187749 years, 2 days21 January 187950 years, 321 days23 July 190425 years, 184 days76 years, 139 days
8 Thomas McIlwraith 17 May 183521 January 187943 years, 249 days20 December 187858 years, 163 days17 July 19006 years, 263 days65 years, 61 days
9 Samuel Griffith 21 June 184513 November 188338 years, 145 days6 October 188547 years, 279 days9 August 192027 years, 135 days75 years, 49 days
10 Boyd Dunlop Morehead 24 August 184330 November 188845 years, 98 days2 August 189446 years, 353 days30 October 190515 years, 79 days62 years, 67 days
11 Hugh Nelson 31 December 183327 October 189359 years, 300 days13 April 189864 years, 103 days1 January 19067 years, 263 days72 years, 1 day
12 Thomas Joseph Byrnes 11 November 186013 April 189837 years, 153 days27 September 1898 [3] 37 years, 320 days27 September 189837 years, 320 days
13 James Dickson 30 November 18321 October 189865 years, 305 days1 December 189967 years, 1 day10 January 19011 year, 40 days68 years, 41 days
14 Anderson Dawson 16 July 18631 December 189936 years, 138 days7 December 189936 years, 144 days20 July 191010 years, 225 days47 years, 4 days
15 Robert Philp 28 December 185117 December 189947 years, 354 days18 February 190856 years, 52 days17 July 192214 years, 149 days70 years, 201 days
16 Arthur Morgan 19 September 185617 September 190346 years, 363 days19 January 190651 years, 12 days20 December 191610 years, 336 days60 years, 92 days
17 William Kidston 17 August 184919 January 190656 years, 155 days7 February 191161 years, 174 days25 October 19198 years, 260 days70 years, 69 days
18 Digby Denham 25 January 18597 February 191152 years, 13 days1 June 191556 years, 127 days10 May 194428 years, 344 days85 years, 106 days
19 T. J. Ryan 1 July 18761 June 191538 years, 335 days12 April 192043 years, 113 days1 August 19211 year, 283 days45 years, 31 days
20 Ted Theodore 29 December 188422 October 191934 years, 297 days26 February 192540 years, 59 days9 February 195024 years, 348 days65 years, 42 days
21 William Gillies 27 October 186826 February 192556 years, 122 days22 October 192556 years, 360 days9 February 19282 years, 110 days59 years, 105 days
22 William McCormack 27 April 187922 October 192546 years, 178 days21 May 192950 years, 24 days21 November 194718 years, 184 days68 years, 208 days
23 Arthur Edward Moore 9 February 187621 May 192953 years, 101 days17 June 193256 years, 129 days7 January 196330 years, 204 days86 years, 332 days
24 William Forgan Smith 15 April 188717 June 193245 years, 63 days16 September 194255 years, 154 days25 September 195311 years, 9 days66 years, 163 days
25 Frank Cooper 16 July 187216 September 194270 years, 62 days7 March 194673 years, 234 days30 November 19493 years, 268 days77 years, 137 days
26 Ned Hanlon 1 October 18877 March 194658 years, 157 days15 January 1952 [3] 64 years, 106 days15 January 195264 years, 106 days
27 Vince Gair 25 February 190117 January 195250 years, 326 days12 August 195756 years, 168 days11 November 198023 years, 91 days79 years, 260 days
28 Frank Nicklin 6 August 189512 August 195762 years, 6 days17 January 196872 years, 164 days29 January 197810 years, 12 days82 years, 176 days
29 Jack Pizzey 2 February 191117 January 196856 years, 349 days21 July 1968 [3] 57 years, 151 days21 July 196857 years, 170 days
30 Gordon Chalk 16 May 19131 August 196855 years, 77 days8 August 196855 years, 84 days26 April 199122 years, 268 days77 years, 345 days
31 Joh Bjelke-Petersen 13 January 191113 January 191157 years, 208 days1 December 198776 years, 322 days23 April 200517 years, 143 days94 years, 100 days
32 Mike Ahern 2 June 19421 December 198745 years, 182 days25 September 198947 years, 115 days33 years, 67 days80 years, 182 days
33 Russell Cooper 4 February 194125 September 198948 years, 233 days7 December 198948 years, 306 days32 years, 359 days81 years, 300 days
34 Wayne Goss 26 February 19517 December 198938 years, 284 days19 February 199644 years, 358 days10 November 201418 years, 264 days63 years, 257 days
35 Rob Borbidge 12 August 195419 February 199641 years, 191 days20 June 199843 years, 312 days24 years, 164 days68 years, 111 days
36 Peter Beattie 18 November 195220 June 199845 years, 214 days13 September 200754 years, 299 days15 years, 79 days70 years, 13 days
37 Anna Bligh 14 July 196013 September 200747 years, 61 days26 March 201251 years, 256 days10 years, 250 days62 years, 140 days
38 Campbell Newman 12 August 196326 March 201248 years, 227 days14 February 201551 years, 186 days7 years, 290 days59 years, 111 days
39 Annastacia Palaszczuk 25 July 196914 February 201545 years, 204 daysIncumbentIncumbentIncumbent53 years, 129 days

[4]

Living former premiers

As of 1 December 2022, six former premiers are alive, the oldest being Russell Cooper (1989, born 1941). The most recent premier to die was Wayne Goss (1951–2014), on 10 November 2014.

NameTerm as premierDate of birth
Mike Ahern 1987–19892 June 1942 (age 80)
Russell Cooper 19894 February 1941 (age 81)
Rob Borbidge 1996–199812 August 1954 (age 68)
Peter Beattie 1998–200718 November 1952 (age 70)
Anna Bligh 2007–201214 July 1960 (age 62)
Campbell Newman 2012–201512 August 1963 (age 59)

Oldest living premiers of Queensland

Not all premiers live to become the oldest of their time. Of the 32 deceased premiers, 14 eventually became the oldest of their time, while 18 did not (including all 3 premiers who died in office, and 15 others). Joh Bjelke-Petersen became the oldest living premier when Vince Gair died in 1980 and remained so until his death in 2005, for a record 24 years and 163 days. Hugh Nelson became the oldest living premier after the death of Robert Herbert, but he survived Herbert by only 240 days.

On two occasions the oldest living premier lost this distinction not by his death, but due to the appointment of a premier who was older. Robert Herbert lost this distinction when Arthur Macalister was appointed, but when John Douglas died in 1904 Herbert regained it again until his own death in 1905 for a total period of 6 years and 340 days. Arthur Macalister lost this distinction when Robert Mackenzie was appointed, but regained it again when Mackenzie died in 1875, Consequently, Macalister too was the oldest living premier twice: first from 1866 to 1867 (from first appointment), and a second time from Mackenzie's death in 1873 until his own death in 1883 for a total period of 10 years and 15 days.

Vince Gair was the oldest to acquire this distinction at the age of 76 years, and 338 days. Gordon Chalk, who was aged 77 years, and 345 days when he died, on 26 April 1991 was the oldest premier to die without ever acquiring this distinction. Wayne Goss who was aged 63 years and 257 days when he died on 10 November 2014 is the most recent premier to die without ever acquiring this distinction.

PremierPeriod when oldest living premierAgeDuration
Start dateEnd dateat startat end
Robert Herbert 10 December 18591 February 186628 years, 181 days34 years, 234 days6 years, 53 days
Arthur Macalister 1 February 186615 August 186748 years, 14 days49 years, 209 days1 year, 195 days
Robert Mackenzie 15 August 186719 September 187356 years, 25 days62 years, 60 days6 years, 35 days
Arthur Macalister 19 September 187323 March 188355 years, 244 days65 years, 64 days9 years, 185 days
Arthur Hunter Palmer 23 March 188320 March 189863 years, 85 days78 years, 82 days14 years, 362 days
John Douglas 20 March 189823 July 190470 years, 14 days76 years, 139 days6 years, 125 days
Robert Herbert 23 July 19046 May 190573 years, 41 days73 years, 328 days287 days
Hugh Nelson 6 May 19051 January 190671 years, 126 days72 years, 1 day240 days
Samuel Griffith 1 January 19069 August 192060 years, 194 days75 years, 49 days14 years, 221 days
Robert Philp 9 August 192017 July 192268 years, 225 days70 years, 201 days1 year, 342 days
Digby Denham 17 July 192210 May 194463 years, 173 days85 years, 106 days21 years, 298 days
Frank Cooper 10 May 194430 November 194971 years, 299 days77 years, 137 days5 years, 204 days
Arthur Edward Moore 30 November 19497 January 196373 years, 294 days86 years, 332 days13 years, 38 days
Frank Nicklin 7 January 196329 January 197867 years, 154 days82 years, 176 days15 years, 22 days
Vince Gair 29 January 197811 November 198076 years, 338 days79 years, 260 days2 years, 287 days
Joh Bjelke-Petersen 11 November 198023 April 200569 years, 303 days94 years, 100 days24 years, 163 days
Russell Cooper 23 April 2005Current oldest living premier64 years, 78 daysCurrent oldest living premier17 years, 222 days
PremierStart dateEnd dateAge at startAge at endDuration

[4]

Graphical timeline

Annastacia PalaszczukCampbell NewmanAnna BlighPeter BeattieRob BorbidgeWayne GossRussell CooperMichael Ahern (Australian politician)Joh Bjelke-PetersenGordon ChalkJack PizzeyFrancis NicklinVince GairNed Hanlon (politician)Frank CooperWilliam Forgan SmithArthur Edward MooreWilliam McCormackWilliam Gillies (Australian politician)Ted TheodoreT. J. RyanDigby DenhamWilliam KidstonArthur Morgan (Queensland politician)Robert PhilpAnderson DawsonJames DicksonThomas Joseph ByrnesHugh NelsonBoyd MoreheadSamuel GriffithThomas McIlwraithJohn Douglas (Queensland politician)George ThornArthur Hunter PalmerCharles LilleyRobert Mackenzie (Queensland politician)Arthur MacalisterRobert HerbertWorld War IIWorld War IPremier of Queensland

See also

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References

Notes

  1. Commonly, the premier is usually the leader of their respective party. However, the salary of such position is not included. Thus, if one were to hold both positions simultaneously (Premier, Leader of Party), the total annual salary would be: AU$469,367. This also does not factor in other positions that can be held simultaneously to one or both of those: Ministerial positions, Member/Chair of Committee.

Citations

  1. "Legislative Assembly of Queensland – Members' Remuneration Handbook" (PDF). documents.parliament.qld.gov.au. Office of the Clerk of Parliament. 15 September 2021.
  2. "The Premier of Queensland" (PDF). Queensland Parliament . July 2015. Retrieved 17 July 2022.
  3. 1 2 3 Died in office on this date.
  4. 1 2 Updated daily according to UTC.