|Premier of Queensland|
|Member of||Cabinet of Queensland|
|Appointer||Governor of Queensland|
|Term length||At the Governor's pleasure|
|Inaugural holder||Robert Herbert|
|Formation||10 December 1859|
|Salary||$380,000 per annum|
The Premier of Queensland is the head of government in the Australian state of Queensland.
The head of government is either the highest or second highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-governing colony, who often presides over a cabinet, a group of ministers or secretaries who lead executive departments. "Head of government" is often differentiated from "head of state", as they may be separate positions, individuals, or roles depending on the country.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands. It is the largest country in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country by total area. The neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea, Indonesia, and East Timor to the north; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east. The population of 25 million is highly urbanised and heavily concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Australia's capital is Canberra, and its largest city is Sydney. The country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, and Adelaide.
Queensland is the second-largest and third-most populous state in the Commonwealth of Australia. Situated in the north-east of the country, it is bordered by the Northern Territory, South Australia and New South Wales to the west, south-west and south respectively. To the east, Queensland is bordered by the Coral Sea and Pacific Ocean. To its north is the Torres Strait, with Papua New Guinea located less than 200 km across it from the mainland. The state is the world's sixth-largest sub-national entity, with an area of 1,852,642 square kilometres (715,309 sq mi).
By convention the Premier is the leader of the party with a parliamentary majority in the unicameral Legislative Assembly of Queensland. The Premier is appointed by the Governor of Queensland.
The Legislative Assembly of Queensland is the sole chamber of the unicameral Parliament of Queensland. Elections are held every four years. Voting is by the full-preferential voting form of the alternative vote system. The Assembly has 93 members, who have used the letters MP after their names since 2000.
The Governor of Queensland is the representative in the state of Queensland of the Queen of Australia. In an analogous way to the Governor-General of Australia at the national level, the Governor performs constitutional and ceremonial functions at the state level. In particular the governor has the power to appoint and dismiss the Premier of Queensland and all other ministers in the cabinet, and issue writs for the election of the state parliament.
The incumbent Premier of Queensland since the 2015 election is Annastacia Palaszczuk of the Labor Party.
The 2015 Queensland state election was held on 31 January 2015 to elect all 89 members of the unicameral Legislative Assembly of Queensland.
Annastacia Palaszczuk is an Australian politician and 39th Premier of Queensland, serving since the 2015 election. She has been a Labor member of the Legislative Assembly of Queensland since the 2006 election, representing the electorate of Inala. She held various ministerial portfolios in the Bligh Labor government from 2009. Following Labor's defeat in the 2012 election, Palaszczuk succeeded Bligh as leader of Queensland Labor. After the defeat of the Newman LNP government in 2015, Palaszczuk became the first woman in Australia to become Premier of a state from Opposition. Her first ministry was majority female, a first in Australia.
The Australian Labor Party , commonly known as Queensland Labor is the Queensland branch of the Australian Labor Party.
Under section 42 of the Constitution of Queensland the Premier and other members of Cabinet are appointed by the Governor and are collectively responsible to Parliament. The text of the Constitution assigns to the Premier certain powers, such as the power to assign roles (s. 25) to Assistant Ministers (formerly known as Parliamentary Secretaries), and to appoint Ministers as acting Ministers (s. 45) for a period of 14 days.
A Cabinet is a body of high-ranking state officials, typically consisting of the top leaders of the executive branch. Members of a cabinet are usually called Cabinet ministers or secretaries. The function of a Cabinet varies: in some countries it is a collegiate decision-making body with collective responsibility, while in others it may function either as a purely advisory body or an assisting institution to a decision making head of state or head of government. Cabinets are typically the body responsible for the day-to-day management of the government and response to sudden events, whereas the legislative and judicial branches work in a measured pace, in sessions according to lengthy procedures.
In practice, under the conventions of the Westminster System followed in Queensland, the Premier's power is derived from two sources: command of a majority in the Legislative Assembly, and the Premier's role as chair of Cabinet, determining the appointment and roles of Ministers. Although ministerial appointments are the prerogative of the Governor of Queensland, in normal circumstances the Governor will make these appointments under the "advice" (in reality, direction) of the Premier.
Immediately following an election for the Legislative Assembly, the Governor will call on the leader of the party which commands a majority in the Legislative Assembly, and ask them to commission a government. A re-elected government will be resworn, with adjustments to the ministry as determined by the Premier.
The Premier has an office in the Executive Annexe of Parliament House, Brisbane, which is normally used while Parliament is sitting. At other times the Premier's ministerial office is in 1 William Street, which is across the road from the Executive Annexe.
Parliament House in Brisbane is the meeting place of the Parliament of Queensland, housing its only chamber, the Legislative Assembly. It is located on the corner of George Street and Alice Street at Gardens Point in the CBD, and is next to the Queensland University of Technology and City Botanic Gardens.
1 William Street is a skyscraper in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia and is the second tallest in the city at 259.8 metres. The modernist style office building is located in the Brisbane central business district, in close proximity to Parliament House. The building was developed for the Queensland Government as part of the government's plan for a renewed Government Administrative Precinct and to meet its accommodation demands.
Before the 1890s, there was no developed party system in Queensland. Political affiliation labels before that time indicate a general tendency only. Before the end of the first decade of the twentieth century, political parties were more akin to parliamentary factions, and were fluid, informal and disorganised by modern standards.
|Portrait||Term of Office||Party||Constituency||Election(s) Won|
|1||Robert Herbert||10 December 1859||1 February 1866||Squatter Conservative||Leichardt||1860|
|2||Arthur Macalister||1 February 1866||20 July 1866||None||Town of Ipswich||-|
|(1)||Robert Herbert||20 July 1866||7 August 1866||Squatter Conservative||West Moreton||-|
|(2)||Arthur Macalister||7 August 1866||15 August 1867||None||Town of Ipswich||-|
|3||Robert Mackenzie||15 August 1867||25 November 1868||Squatter Conservative||Burnett||1867|
|4||Charles Lilley||25 November 1868||2 May 1870||Liberal||Hamlet of Fortitude Valley||1868|
|5||Arthur Palmer||3 May 1870||7 January 1874||Squatter Conservative||Port Curtis||1870|
|(2)||Arthur Macalister, CMG||8 January 1874||5 June 1876||Liberal||Ipswich||1873|
|6||George Thorn||5 June 1876||8 March 1877||Liberal||Ipswich||-|
|7||John Douglas, CMG||8 March 1877||21 January 1879||Liberal||Maryborough||-|
|8||Sir Thomas McIlwraith, KCMG||21 January 1879||13 November 1883||Conservative||Mulgrave||1878|
|9||Sir Samuel Griffith, KCMG , QC||13 November 1883||13 June 1888||Liberal||North Brisbane||1883|
|(8)||Sir Thomas McIlwraith, KCMG||13 June 1888||30 November 1888||Conservative||Brisbane North||-|
|10||Boyd Dunlop Morehead||30 November 1888||12 August 1890||Conservative||Balonne||1888|
|(9)||Sir Samuel Griffith, KCMG , QC||12 August 1890||27 March 1893||Liberal||North Brisbane||-|
|(8)||Sir Thomas McIlwraith, KCMG||27 March 1893||27 October 1893||Conservative||Brisbane North||-|
|11||Sir Hugh Nelson, KCMG||27 October 1893||13 April 1898||Ministerial||Murilla||1896|
|12||Thomas Joseph Byrnes||13 April 1898||1 October 1898||Ministerial||Warwick||-|
|13||James Dickson||1 October 1898||1 December 1899||Ministerial||Bulimba||1899|
|14||Anderson Dawson||1 December 1899||7 December 1899||Labour||Charters Towers||-|
|15||Robert Philp||7 December 1899||17 September 1903||Ministerial||Townsville||1902|
|16||Arthur Morgan||17 September 1903||19 January 1906||Liberal||Warwick||1904|
|17||William Kidston||19 January 1906||19 November 1907||Labor||South Brisbane||1907|
|(15)||Robert Philp||19 November 1907||18 February 1908||Conservative||Townsville||-|
|(17)||William Kidston||18 February 1908||7 February 1911||Kidston; Liberal||Rockhampton|| 1908 |
|18||Digby Denham||7 February 1911||1 June 1915||Liberal||Oxley||1912|
|19||T. J. Ryan, KC||1 June 1915||22 October 1919||Labor||Barcoo|| 1915 |
|20||Ted Theodore||22 October 1919||26 February 1925||Labor||Chillagoe|| 1920 |
|21||William Gillies||26 February 1925||22 October 1925||Labor||Eacham||-|
|22||William McCormack||22 October 1925||21 May 1929||Labor||Carins||1926|
|23||Arthur Edward Moore||21 May 1929||17 June 1932||CPNP||Aubigny||1929|
|24||William Forgan Smith||17 June 1932||16 September 1942||Labor||Mackay|| 1932 |
|25||Frank Cooper||16 September 1942||7 March 1946||Labor||Bremer||1944|
|26||Ned Hanlon||7 March 1946||17 January 1952||Labor||Ithaca|| 1947 |
|27||Vince Gair||17 January 1952||12 August 1957||Labor||South Brisbane|| 1953 |
|28||Frank Nicklin, MM||12 August 1957||17 January 1968||Country||Murrumba|| 1957 |
|29||Jack Pizzey||17 January 1968||1 August 1968||Country||Isis||-|
|30||Gordon Chalk||1 August 1968||8 August 1968||Liberal||Lockyer||-|
|31|| Sir Joh Bjelke-Petersen, KCMG |
(knighted in 1984)
|8 August 1968||1 December 1987||Country/National||Barambah|| 1969 |
|32||Mike Ahern||1 December 1987||25 September 1989||National||Landsborough||-|
|33||Russell Cooper||25 September 1989||7 December 1989||National||Roma||-|
|34||Wayne Goss||7 December 1989||19 February 1996||Labor||Logan|| 1989 |
|35||Rob Borbidge||19 February 1996||20 June 1998||National||Surfers Paradise||-|
|36||Peter Beattie||20 June 1998||13 September 2007||Labor||Brisbane Central|| 1998 |
|37||Anna Bligh||13 September 2007||26 March 2012||Labor||South Brisbane||2009|
|38||Campbell Newman||26 March 2012||14 February 2015||Liberal National||Ashgrove||2012|
|39||Annastacia Palaszczuk||14 February 2015||Incumbent||Labor||Inala|| 2015 |
As of February 2015 [update] , six former premiers are alive, the oldest being Russell Cooper (1989, born 1941). The most recent premier to die was Wayne Goss (1951–2014), on 10 November 2014.
|Name||Term as premier||Date of birth|
|Mike Ahern||1987–1989||2 June 1942|
|Russell Cooper||1989||4 February 1941|
|Rob Borbidge||1996–1998||12 August 1954|
|Peter Beattie||1998–2007||18 November 1952|
|Anna Bligh||2007–2012||14 July 1960|
|Campbell Newman||2012–2015||12 August 1963|
Politics in North Macedonia occur within the framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the Prime Minister is the head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and parliament. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. The Economist Intelligence Unit has rated North Macedonia as "hybrid regime" in 2016.
A prime minister is the head of a cabinet and the leader of the ministers in the executive branch of government, often in a parliamentary or semi-presidential system. A prime minister is not a head of state or chief executive officer of their respective nation, rather they are a head of government, serving typically under a monarch in a hybrid of aristocratic and democratic government forms.
The Prime Minister of Australia is the head of government of Australia. The individual who holds the office is the most senior Minister of State, the leader of the Federal Cabinet. The Prime Minister also has the responsibility of administering the Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, and is the chair of the National Security Committee and the Council of Australian Governments. The office of Prime Minister is not mentioned in the Constitution of Australia but exists through Westminster political convention. The individual who holds the office is commissioned by the Governor-General of Australia and at the Governor-General's pleasure subject to the Constitution of Australia and constitutional conventions.
The politics of Saint Kitts and Nevis takes place in the framework of a federal parliamentary democracy. Saint Kitts and Nevis is an independent Commonwealth realm with Elizabeth II as its head of state, represented by a governor-general. He acts on the advice of the prime minister, who is the majority party leader in the National Assembly, and who, with a cabinet, conducts affairs of state.
The politics of Barbados function within a framework of constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary government with strong democratic traditions; constitutional safeguards for nationals of Barbados include: freedom of speech, press, worship, movement, and association.
The Prime Minister of New Zealand is the head of government of New Zealand. The incumbent Prime Minister, Jacinda Ardern, leader of the New Zealand Labour Party, took office on 26 October 2017.
In a parliamentary or semi-presidential system of government, a reserve power is a power that may be exercised by the head of state without the approval of another branch of the government. Unlike in a presidential system of government, the head of state is generally constrained by the cabinet or the legislature in a parliamentary system, and most reserve powers are usable only in certain exceptional circumstances. In some countries, reserve powers go by another name; for instance, the reserve powers of the President of Ireland are called discretionary powers.
A presidential system is a democratic and republican system of government where a head of government leads an executive branch that is separate from the legislative branch. This head of government is in most cases also the head of state, which is called president.
The Prime Minister of Barbados is the head of government of Barbados. The Prime Minister is appointed by Elizabeth II, Queen of Barbados under the terms of the 1966 Constitution. As the nominal holder of executive authority, the Governor-General holds responsibility for conducting parliamentary elections and for proclaiming one of the candidates as Prime Minister.
In Australia's political system, the Federal Executive Council is a body established by Section 62 of the Australian Constitution to advise the Governor-General, and comprises, at least notionally, all current and former Commonwealth Ministers and Assistant Ministers. As the Governor-General is bound by convention to follow the advice of the Executive Council on almost all occasions, the Executive Council has de jure executive power. This power is used to legally enact the decisions of the Cabinet, which under conventions of the Westminster system has no de jure authority. In practice, the Federal Executive Council meets solely to endorse and give legal force to decisions already made by the Cabinet.
The Government of Western Australia, formally referred to as Her Majesty's Government of Western Australia, is the Australian state democratic administrative authority of Western Australia. It is also commonly referred to as the WA Government or the Western Australian Government. The Government of Western Australia, a parliamentary constitutional monarchy, was formed in 1890 as prescribed in its Constitution, as amended from time to time. Since the Federation of Australia in 1901, Western Australia has been a state of the Commonwealth of Australia, and the Constitution of Australia regulates its relationship with the Commonwealth. Under the Australian Constitution, Western Australia ceded legislative and judicial supremacy to the Commonwealth, but retained powers in all matters not in conflict with the Commonwealth.
The Government of Victoria is the executive administrative authority of the Australian state of Victoria.
The Government of Australia is the government of the Commonwealth of Australia, a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy. It is also commonly referred to as the Australian Government, the Commonwealth Government, Her Majesty's Government, or the Federal Government.
The Parliament of Queensland is the legislature of Queensland, Australia. According to the state's constitution, the Parliament consists of the Queen and the Legislative Assembly. It is the only unicameral state parliament in the country. The upper chamber, the Legislative Council, was abolished in 1922. The Legislative Assembly sits in Parliament House in the state capital, Brisbane.
The Cabinet of Singapore forms the Government of Singapore together with the President of Singapore. It is led by the Prime Minister of Singapore who is the head of government. The Prime Minister is a Member of Parliament (MP) appointed by the President who selects a person that in his or her view is likely to command the confidence of a majority of the Parliament of Singapore. The other members of the Cabinet are Ministers who are Members of Parliament appointed by the President on the Prime Minister's advice. Cabinet members are prohibited from holding any office of profit and from actively engaging in any commercial enterprise.
The Senate of Bermuda is the upper house of the Parliament of Bermuda, the other being the House of Assembly. The Senate consists of eleven members appointed by the Governor for five-year terms — five Senators are nominated by the Premier, three by the Leader of the Opposition, and three appointed at the discretion of the Governor. Of the three appointed by the Governor, the Senate elects one to serve as the President, and another to serve as the Vice President.
The Government of New Zealand, or New Zealand Government, is the administrative complex through which authority is exercised in New Zealand. As in most parliamentary democracies, the term "Government" refers chiefly to the executive branch, and more specifically to the collective ministry directing the executive. Based on the principle of responsible government, it operates within the framework that "the Queen reigns, but the government rules, so long as it has the support of the House of Representatives".
The ministries of Western Australia are the centre of executive power in the Government of Western Australia. They are composed of Ministers who are responsible for one or more portfolios, answer questions on those portfolios in Parliament, and control the operation and administration of departments, authorities, statutes and votes within those portfolios. In a formal constitutional sense, they possess executive power through being appointed to the Executive Council, which contains all members of the Ministry plus a Clerk, and is headed by the Governor of Western Australia who represents the Crown.
The Council of State, is a formal body composed of the most senior government ministers chosen by the Prime Minister, and functions as the collective decision-making organ constituting the executive branch of the Kingdom. The council simultaneously plays the role of privy council as well as government Cabinet.
The Executive Council of Queensland is the body through which the Premier and Ministers advise the Governor on the exercise of executive powers.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Premiers of Queensland .|