|Premier of Queensland|
|Department of the Premier and Cabinet|
|Status||Head of Government|
|Seat||1 William Street, Brisbane|
|Appointer|| Governor of Queensland |
by convention, based on appointee's ability to command confidence in the Legislative Assembly
|Term length|| At the Governor's pleasure |
contingent on the premier's ability to command confidence in the house of Parliament
|Constituting instrument||None (constitutional convention)|
|Formation||10 December 1859|
|First holder||Robert Herbert|
|Deputy||Deputy Premier of Queensland|
|Salary||$380,000 per annum|
The Premier of Queensland is the head of government in the Australian state of Queensland.
By convention the Premier is the leader of the party with a parliamentary majority in the unicameral Legislative Assembly of Queensland. The Premier is appointed by the Governor of Queensland.
The incumbent Premier of Queensland since the 2015 election is Annastacia Palaszczuk of the Labor Party.
Under section 42 of the Constitution of Queensland the Premier and other members of Cabinet are appointed by the Governor and are collectively responsible to Parliament. The text of the Constitution assigns to the Premier certain powers, such as the power to assign roles (s. 25) to Assistant Ministers (formerly known as Parliamentary Secretaries), and to appoint Ministers as acting Ministers (s. 45) for a period of 14 days.
In practice, under the conventions of the Westminster System followed in Queensland, the Premier's power is derived from two sources: command of a majority in the Legislative Assembly, and the Premier's role as chair of Cabinet, determining the appointment and roles of Ministers. Although ministerial appointments are the prerogative of the Governor of Queensland, in normal circumstances the Governor will make these appointments under the "advice" (in reality, direction) of the Premier.
Immediately following an election for the Legislative Assembly, the Governor will call on the leader of the party which commands a majority in the Legislative Assembly, and ask them to commission a government. A re-elected government will be resworn, with adjustments to the ministry as determined by the Premier.
The Premier has an office in the Executive Annexe of Parliament House, Brisbane, which is normally used while Parliament is sitting. At other times the Premier's ministerial office is in 1 William Street, which is across the road from the Executive Annexe.
Before the 1890s, there was no developed party system in Queensland. Political affiliation labels before that time indicate a general tendency only. Before the end of the first decade of the twentieth century, political parties were more akin to parliamentary factions, and were fluid, informal and disorganised by modern standards.
|Portrait||Term of Office||Party||Constituency||Election(s) Won|
|1||Robert Herbert||10 December 1859||1 February 1866||6 years, 53 days||Squatter Conservative||Leichhardt||1860|
|2||Arthur Macalister||1 February 1866||20 July 1866||169 days||None||Town of Ipswich||-|
|(1)||Robert Herbert||20 July 1866||7 August 1866||18 days||Squatter Conservative||West Moreton||-|
|(2)||Arthur Macalister||7 August 1866||15 August 1867||1 year, 8 days||None||Town of Ipswich||-|
|3||Robert Mackenzie||15 August 1867||25 November 1868||1 year, 102 days||Squatter Conservative||Burnett||1867|
|4||Charles Lilley||25 November 1868||2 May 1870||1 year, 158 days||None||Hamlet of Fortitude Valley||1868|
|5||Arthur Palmer||3 May 1870||7 January 1874||3 years, 249 days||Squatter Conservative||Port Curtis||1870|
|(2)||Arthur Macalister,||8 January 1874||5 June 1876||2 years, 149 days||None||Ipswich||1873|
|6||George Thorn||5 June 1876||8 March 1877||276 days||None||Ipswich||-|
|7||John Douglas,||8 March 1877||21 January 1879||1 year, 227 days||None||Maryborough||-|
|8||Sir Thomas McIlwraith,||21 January 1879||13 November 1883||4 years, 296 days||Conservative||Mulgrave||1878|
|9||Sir Samuel Griffith,||13 November 1883||13 June 1888||4 years, 213 days||None||North Brisbane||1883|
|(8)||Sir Thomas McIlwraith,||13 June 1888||30 November 1888||170 days||Conservative||Brisbane North||-|
|10||Boyd Dunlop Morehead||30 November 1888||12 August 1890||1 year, 255 days||Conservative||Balonne||1888|
|(9)||Sir Samuel Griffith,||12 August 1890||27 March 1893||2 years, 227 days||None||North Brisbane||-|
|(8)||Sir Thomas McIlwraith,||27 March 1893||27 October 1893||214 days||Conservative||Brisbane North||-|
|11||Sir Hugh Nelson,||27 October 1893||13 April 1898||4 years, 168 days||Ministerial||Murilla||1896|
|12||Thomas Joseph Byrnes||13 April 1898||1 October 1898||171 days||Ministerial||Warwick||-|
|13||James Dickson||1 October 1898||1 December 1899||1 year, 61 days||Ministerial||Bulimba||1899|
|14||Anderson Dawson||1 December 1899||7 December 1899||6 days||Labour||Charters Towers||-|
|15||Robert Philp||7 December 1899||17 September 1903||3 years, 284 days||Ministerial||Townsville||1902|
|16||Arthur Morgan||17 September 1903||19 January 1906||2 years, 124 days||Liberal||Warwick||1904|
|17||William Kidston||19 January 1906||19 November 1907||1 year, 304 days||Labor||South Brisbane||1907|
|(15)||Robert Philp||19 November 1907||18 February 1908||91 days||Conservative||Townsville||-|
|(17)||William Kidston||18 February 1908||7 February 1911||2 years, 354 days||Kidston; Liberal||Rockhampton|| 1908 |
|18||Digby Denham||7 February 1911||1 June 1915||4 years, 114 days||Liberal||Oxley||1912|
|19||T. J. Ryan,||1 June 1915||22 October 1919||4 years, 143 days||Labor||Barcoo|| 1915 |
|20||Ted Theodore||22 October 1919||26 February 1925||5 years, 127 days||Labor||Chillagoe|| 1920 |
|21||William Gillies||26 February 1925||22 October 1925||238 days||Labor||Eacham||-|
|22||William McCormack||22 October 1925||21 May 1929||3 years, 211 days||Labor||Carins||1926|
|23||Arthur Edward Moore||21 May 1929||17 June 1932||3 years, 27 days||CPNP||Aubigny||1929|
|24||William Forgan Smith||17 June 1932||16 September 1942||10 years, 91 days||Labor||Mackay|| 1932 |
|25||Frank Cooper||16 September 1942||7 March 1946||3 years, 172 days||Labor||Bremer||1944|
|26||Ned Hanlon||7 March 1946||17 January 1952||5 years, 316 days||Labor||Ithaca|| 1947 |
|27||Vince Gair||17 January 1952||12 August 1957||5 years, 207 days||Labor||South Brisbane|| 1953 |
|28||Frank Nicklin,||12 August 1957||17 January 1968||10 years, 158 days||Country||Murrumba|| 1957 |
|29||Jack Pizzey||17 January 1968||1 August 1968||197 days||Country||Isis||-|
|30||Gordon Chalk||1 August 1968||8 August 1968||7 days||Liberal||Lockyer||-|
|31|| Sir Joh Bjelke-Petersen, |
(knighted in 1984)
|8 August 1968||1 December 1987||19 years, 115 days||Country/National||Barambah|| 1969 |
|32||Mike Ahern||1 December 1987||25 September 1989||1 year, 298 days||National||Landsborough||-|
|33||Russell Cooper||25 September 1989||7 December 1989||84 days||National||Roma||-|
|34||Wayne Goss||7 December 1989||19 February 1996||6 years, 74 days||Labor||Logan|| 1989 |
|35||Rob Borbidge||19 February 1996||20 June 1998||2 years, 121 days||National||Surfers Paradise||-|
|36||Peter Beattie||20 June 1998||13 September 2007||9 years, 85 days||Labor||Brisbane Central|| 1998 |
|37||Anna Bligh||13 September 2007||26 March 2012||4 years, 195 days||Labor||South Brisbane||2009|
|38||Campbell Newman||26 March 2012||14 February 2015||2 years, 325 days||Liberal National||Ashgrove||2012|
|39||Annastacia Palaszczuk||14 February 2015||Incumbent||5 years, 281 days||Labor||Inala|| 2015 |
As of February 2015 [update] , six former premiers are alive, the oldest being Russell Cooper (1989, born 1941). The most recent premier to die was Wayne Goss (1951–2014), on 10 November 2014.
|Name||Term as premier||Date of birth|
|Mike Ahern||1987–1989||2 June 1942|
|Russell Cooper||1989||4 February 1941|
|Rob Borbidge||1996–1998||12 August 1954|
|Peter Beattie||1998–2007||18 November 1952|
|Anna Bligh||2007–2012||14 July 1960|
|Campbell Newman||2012–2015||12 August 1963|
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