NSW TrainLink

Last updated

NSW TrainLink
NSW TrainLink logo.svg
Hunter Railcar 2707 2757 (30742891027).jpg
TfNSW T.svg
Roundel
Overview
Owner Transport for NSW
Area served New South Wales and some regional services to other major cities interstate
Locale New South Wales
Transit type
Annual ridership46.4 million (2017/18)
Chief executivePete Allaway
Website transportnsw.info
Operation
Began operation1 July 2013;9 years ago (2013-07-01)
Operator(s)NSW Trains and private coach operators
Technical
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge
Electrification 1,500 V DC from overhead catenary

NSW TrainLink is a train and coach operator in Australia, providing services throughout New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory, along with limited interstate services into Victoria, Queensland and South Australia. Its primary intercity and regional services are spread throughout five major rail lines, operating out of Sydney's Central railway station.

Contents

NSW TrainLink was formed on 1 July 2013 when RailCorp was restructured and CountryLink was merged with the intercity services of CityRail.

History

In May 2012, the Minister for Transport announced a restructure of RailCorp. [1] [2] On 1 July 2013, NSW TrainLink took over (a) the operation of regional rail and coach services previously operated by CountryLink; (b) non-metropolitan Sydney services previously operated by CityRail; and (c) responsibility for the Main Northern railway line from Berowra railway station to Newcastle station, the Main Western railway line from Emu Plains railway station to Bathurst railway station, and the Illawarra railway line from Waterfall station to Bomaderry railway station. [3] [4] [5]

Network

The NSW TrainLink network is divided into two tiers, branded as Intercity and Regional. Intercity services operate commuter style services, mainly to and from Sydney with limited stops within the metropolitan area. The Intercity network is part of Transport for NSW's Opal ticketing system. Seats on Intercity services are available on a first-come, first-served basis. Regional services operate in areas of lower population density, providing passenger transport mainly between regional NSW and Sydney (although some cross country and interstate services operate). Regional services use a separate, reserved seat, ticketing system.

An intercity service between Sydney and Newcastle V4 (30612793807).jpg
An intercity service between Sydney and Newcastle

Intercity services

NSW TrainLink Intercity network (excluding the Sydney suburban portions of lines) CityRail InterCity map.png
NSW TrainLink Intercity network (excluding the Sydney suburban portions of lines)

Intercity services operate to a distance approximately 200 kilometres from Sydney, bounded by Dungog in the north, Scone in the north-west, Bathurst to the west, Goulburn in the south-west and Bomaderry to the south.

Electric services extend from Sydney north to Newcastle, west to Lithgow and south to Port Kembla and Kiama. Most electric services originate from or terminate at Central.

Diesel trains serve the more distant or less populated parts of the Intercity network. Hunter Line services operate from Newcastle to Telarah with some extending to Dungog and Scone. Southern Highlands Line services operate between Campbelltown and Moss Vale with a limited number extending to Sydney and Goulburn. Diesel services also operate on the South Coast Line between Kiama and Bomaderry. The Bathurst Bullet provides a twice daily, limited stop service between Sydney and Bathurst.

Lines

Line colour and name Between Electric services
Central and Lithgow with limited services to Bathurst to Lithgow
Central and Newcastle Yes
Newcastle and Telarah with limited services to Dungog or Scone No
Central a and Bomaderry or Port Kembla to Kiama and Port Kembla
Campbelltown b and Moss Vale with limited services to Goulburn No
^a Some peak services and most weekend services on the South Coast Line run to/from Bondi Junction
^b Some peak services on the Southern Highlands Line run to/from Central. At other times, a change of train is required at Campbelltown

Intercity train fares

The Opal fare system for Intercity services is fully integrated with the Sydney Trains and Sydney Metro networks – trips involving Intercity, Sydney suburban and metro services are calculated as a single fare and there is no interchange penalty. Opal is also valid on bus, ferry, and light rail services in the Greater Sydney region (except for the Southern Highlands) but separate fares apply for these modes. The following table lists Opal fares for reusable smartcards and single trip tickets as: [6]

Metro and Train
As of 4 July 20220–10 km10–20 km20–35 km35–65 km65 km+
Adult cards & contactless (peak)$3.79$4.71$5.42$7.24$9.31
Adult cards & contactless (off-peak)$2.65$3.29$3.79$5.06$6.51
Other cards (peak)$1.89$2.35$2.71^$3.62^$4.65^
Other cards (off-peak)$1.32$1.64$1.89$2.53^$3.25^
Adult single trip$4.60$5.70$6.50$8.70$11.20
Child/Youth single trip$2.30$2.80$3.20$4.30$5.60

^ = $2.50 for Senior/Pensioner cardholders

Bus and coach services

NSW TrainLink operates several bus routes along corridors where the railway line has been closed to passengers or as a supplement to rail services. These bus services are operated by private sector bus companies contracted by NSW TrainLink.

^(r) Seat reservations required
An XPT travelling from Melbourne to Sydney, pictured between Jindalee and Morrisons Hill, New South Wales NSW TrainLink XPT Jindalee - Morrisons Hill (cropped).jpg
An XPT travelling from Melbourne to Sydney, pictured between Jindalee and Morrisons Hill, New South Wales
NSW TrainLink Regional network NSW Trains Map.jpg
NSW TrainLink Regional network

Regional services

NSW TrainLink Regional Trains network (highlighted in blue) CountrylinkMap.png
NSW TrainLink Regional Trains network (highlighted in blue)

NSW TrainLink operates passenger services throughout New South Wales and interstate to Brisbane, Canberra and Melbourne. All rail services feature diesel rolling stock. For more details of each train line see List of NSW TrainLink train routes.

North Coast

The North Coast services operate through the Mid North Coast, Northern Rivers and South East Queensland regions. Services operate on the Main North and North Coast lines, travelling between Sydney Central station and Roma Street station in Brisbane. [7]

Principal stations served by XPT trains are:

Cities and towns served by NSW TrainLink coaches connecting off North Coast services include: Tea Gardens, Forster, Port Macquarie, Yamba, Moree, Alstonville, Lismore, Ballina, Byron Bay, Murwillumbah, Tweed Heads and Surfers Paradise.

North Western

The North Western region services operate through the Hunter, New England and North West Slopes & Plains regions. Services operate on the Main North line from Sydney Central station to Werris Creek. where the service divides for Armidale and Moree. [8]

Principal stations served by Xplorer trains are:

Cities and towns served by NSW TrainLink coaches connecting off North Western services include: Wee Waa, Inverell, Grafton, Glen Innes and Tenterfield.

Western

The Western region services operate through the Central Tablelands, Orana, and Far West regions. Services operate on the Main Western line from Sydney Central station to Dubbo and the Broken Hill line to Broken Hill. [9]

Principal stations served by XPT trains are:

Principal stations served by Xplorer trains are:

Cities and towns served by NSW TrainLink coaches connecting off Western services include: Oberon, Mudgee, Baradine, Cowra, Grenfell, Forbes, Parkes, Condobolin, Lightning Ridge Brewarrina, Bourke, Warren and Broken Hill.

Southern

The Southern region services operate through the Illawarra, South Coast, Monaro, South West Slopes, Southern Tablelands, Riverina, and Sunraysia regions, plus the Australian Capital Territory and parts of Victoria. The Government of Victoria contributes financially to the provision of the interstate services. The ACT Government does not make a financial contribution.

Services operate on the:

Principal stations served by XPT trains are:

Principal stations served by Xplorer trains are:

Cities and towns served by NSW TrainLink coaches connecting off Southern services include: Wollongong, Bombala, Eden, Tumbarumba, Bathurst, Dubbo, Condobolin, Griffith, Mildura and Echuca.

Roundel used to identify coach services TfNSW C.svg
Roundel used to identify coach services

Coach services

Dysons Irizar i6 bodied Scania K310IB at Wagga Wagga station in September 2015 Dysons (BS01 CU), in NSW TrainLink livery, Irizar i6 bodied Scania K310IB at Wagga Wagga Railway Station.jpg
Dysons Irizar i6 bodied Scania K310IB at Wagga Wagga station in September 2015
Dysons Mitsubishi Fuso Rosa at Wagga Wagga station in January 2015 Dysons (BS00 DQ), in NSW TrainLink livery, Fuso Rosa at Wagga Wagga Railway Station.jpg
Dysons Mitsubishi Fuso Rosa at Wagga Wagga station in January 2015

NSW TrainLink continued with the existing contracts entered into by CityRail and CountryLink for the provision of coach services.

On 1 July 2014, the Lithgow to Gulgong, Coonabarabran, Baradine services passed from Greyhound Australia to Ogden's Coaches. [11]

In July 2014, Transport for NSW commenced the re-tendering process for most of the routes with the previous 24 contracts reorganised into 18 contracts. The new contracts commenced on 1 January 2015 for a five-year period, with an option to extend for three years if performance criteria are met. [11] [12] The services operated by Forest Coach Lines and Sunstate Coaches commenced new five-year contracts on 1 July 2016. [13] [14]

The full list of coach operators providing services as at January 2015 was: [11] [15]

OperatorServices
Australia Wide Coaches Lithgow to Bathurst, Orange & Parkes
BusBiz Lithgow to Dubbo & Nyngan
Dubbo to Lightning Ridge
Dubbo to Bourke
Dubbo to Broken Hill
Coolabah to Brewarrina
Wagga Wagga to Kingston and Queanbeyan
Berrima Coaches Picton to Bowral
Busways Port Macquarie to Wauchope, Wauchope to Port Macquarie
Dysons Wagga Wagga to Griffith
Cootamundra to Tumbarumba
Cootamundra to Bathurst/Dubbo
Parkes to Condobolin
Forest Coach Lines Narrabri to Wee Waa & Burren Junction
Hunter Valley Buses Fassifern to Toronto
Loader's Coaches Lithgow to Grenfell
Oberon Bus Company Mount Victoria to Oberon
Ogden's Coaches Lithgow to Gulgong, Coonabarabran & Baradine
Oxley Explorer Armidale to Tenterfield, Port Macquarie to Tamworth
Port Stephens Coaches Broadmeadow to Taree
Premier Shoalhaven Kiama to Bomaderry
Moss Vale to Bundanoon/Goulburn
G&J Purtill Cootamundra to Condobolin
Cootamundra to Mildura
Wagga Wagga to Echuca
Albury to Echuca
Roadcoach Moss Vale to Wollongong
Queanbeyan to Cootamundra
Sunstate Coaches Grafton to Byron Bay
Casino to Tweed Heads
Casino to Surfers Paradise
Casino to Brisbane
Symes Coaches Tamworth/Armidale to Inverell
Moree to Grafton
Transborder Express Canberra to Bombala & Eden

+ not included in January 2015 re-tendering process

Since 2018, NSW TrainLink have introduced several new road coach services on a trial basis [16]

Rolling stock

The NSW TrainLink fleet consists of both diesel and electric traction, with the oldest of the fleet being the V sets and the youngest being the H sets, the latter is shared with Sydney Trains. Tangaras operate some peak hour South Coast Line services as far as Wollongong. The entire NSW TrainLink fleet is maintained by Sydney Trains either directly or via a Sydney Trains contract with UGL Rail.

Intercity services

ClassImageTypeTop speedCarriage NumbersLinesBuilt
km/hmph
V set V7 (45682330221) (cropped).jpg Electric multiple unit 115711961977–1989
T set 2020-04-08 Tanraga train T45 at Heathcote railway station, Sydney (cropped).jpg 447 (shared with Sydney Trains)(between Waterfall and Port Kembla)1987–1995
Endeavour railcar NSWTrainLink Endeavour (cropped).jpg Diesel multiple unit 1609928(Bathurst Bullet)(between Kiama and Bomaderry)1994–1996
Hunter railcar Hunter railcars 2751 & 2701 (45512879812).jpg 142006–2007
H set H49 (45785868011).jpg Electric multiple unit 13081221 (shared with Sydney Trains, due to be transferred to Sydney Trains)2006–2012

Interstate and regional services

ClassImageTypeTop speedCarriage NumbersRoutes operatedBuilt
km/hmph
XPT XPT train power car.jpg Diesel locomotive 19312019 locomotives1981–1994
XPT carriages XPT carriages (XF 2220).jpg Passenger carriage 60 carriages
Xplorer NSW TrainLink Xplorer 2508.jpg Diesel multiple unit 16099231993

Future fleet

ClassImageTypeTop speedCarriage NumbersLinesBuilt
km/hmph
D set Mariyung D Set D27 on Delivery Transfer.jpg Electric multiple unit 16099610 (to be built)2019–present
CAF Civity Electro-diesel multiple unit 16099117 (to be built)2023 (scheduled)

A fleet of 610 D set carriages will be introduced to the NSW TrainLink intercity network. They will replace the V sets and allow the H sets to be transferred to Sydney Trains services. The first was delivered in December 2019. [30] [31] [32]

A fleet of bi-mode CAF Civity trains are scheduled to replace the XPT, Xplorer and Endeavour fleets from 2023, as part of the NSW TrainLink Regional Train Project. [33] [34] [35] [36]

Performance

In the year ended 30 June 2018, 44.7 million journeys were made on intercity services. There were 1.7 million journeys on regional services. Patronage on intercity services increased by 9 percent over the previous financial year but fell by 1.4 percent for regional services. [37]

Intercity services are considered on-time if they operate within six minutes of their scheduled time. [38] For regional services the benchmark is ten minutes. [39] The target is for 92 percent of intercity services and 78 percent of regional services to operate on-time. In 2017–18 NSW Trains met both the Intercity target and the regional target. However, it failed to meet the Intercity target during peak hours. [40] These results partially reverse a trend of failing to meet punctuality targets. Since the organisation commenced operations in 2013–14, NSW Trains has never met the intercity peak punctuality target. [41] [40] Regional train services have achieved their punctuality target twice, in 2015–16 and 2017–18. The 2015-16 result was the first time NSW Trains or its predecessor RailCorp had achieved the target in 13 years. [42] [40]

The following table lists patronage figures for the network during the corresponding financial year. Australia's financial years start on 1 July and end on 30 June. Major events that affected the number of journeys made or how patronage is measured are included as notes.

NSW TrainLink patronage by financial year
Year2013–142014–152015–162016–172017–182018–192019–20
Intercity (millions)32.9 [lower-alpha 1] 34.5 [lower-alpha 2] 38.5 [lower-alpha 3] 40.8 [lower-alpha 4] 44.7 [lower-alpha 5] 41.331.2 [lower-alpha 6]
Regional trains (millions)1.231.221.241.69< 1.7 [lower-alpha 7]
Regional coaches (millions)0.5720.5370.510
References [43] [44] [45] [37] [46]

Intercity


Regional

  1. Opal rollout completed in April 2014
  2. Services in central Newcastle replaced by buses in December 2014
  3. Increase largely due to a change in the calculation of journeys for Opal vs magnetic stripe tickets
  4. Non-Opal tickets discontinued in August 2016
  5. Newcastle Interchange extension opened in October 2017
  6. Patronage was lower than previous years due to people staying at home and not taking public transport to school or work during the COVID-19 pandemic
  7. Patronage reported as 1.7 million journeys but was down by 1.4 percent compared to the previous year

The following table shows the patronage of each line of the NSW TrainLink Intercity network for the year ending 30 June 2022, based on Opal tap on and tap off data. [47]

2021-22 NSW TrainLink Intercity patronage by line
3179000
6015000
418000
3013000
334000

Quiet carriages

Quiet carriages are designated carriages where noise made by passengers is requested to be kept to a minimum. Passengers are asked to place mobile phones on silent, move carriages in order to have a conversation with another passenger and use headphones when listening to music. [48]

Quiet carriages are on Intercity services are located in four carriages on 8 car sets, two carriages on 4 car sets and one carriage on two car sets. [49]

Quiet carriages were first introduced on the Central Coast & Newcastle Line in early 2012 as a three-month trial. On 1 September 2012 quiet carriages were permanently introduced and expanded to all intercity services operating on the Blue Mountains and South Coast lines. [48] As of 2013, Quiet Carriages operate on the entire NSW TrainLink Intercity network.

Depots

The XPT fleet is maintained at the XPT Service Centre and the Endeavour and Xplorer fleets at Eveleigh Railway Workshops. The V sets are maintained at Flemington Maintenance Depot. The D sets will be maintained at a new facility at Kangy Angy. The new bi-mode [50] fleet will be maintained at a new facility in Mindyarra Maintenance Centre in Dubbo. [51] [52]

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">CityRail</span> Sydney passenger rail network operator

CityRail was a passenger railway brand operated by the State Rail Authority from 1989 to 2003 and by RailCorp from 2003 to 2013 with services in and around Sydney, Newcastle and Wollongong, the three largest cities in New South Wales, Australia. It was established in January 1989 and abolished in June 2013 when it was superseded by Sydney Trains and NSW TrainLink.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">CountryLink</span> New South Wales government rail and road passenger operator

CountryLink was a passenger rail and road service brand that operated in regional areas New South Wales, Canberra, Brisbane and Melbourne. Originally created as a business unit of the State Rail Authority of New South Wales, it later became a subsidiary of RailCorp, a Government of New South Wales entity. CountryLink operated rail services using XPT and Xplorer rolling stock, with connecting coach services operated under contract by private operators.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">South Coast Line</span> Rail service in New South Wales, Australia

The South Coast Line is an intercity rail service operated by NSW TrainLink that services the Illawarra region of New South Wales, Australia. The service runs from Central, and runs the entire length of the eponymous South Coast railway line to Bomaderry. The service also runs along the Eastern Suburbs railway line at peak hours and the Port Kembla railway line to Port Kembla. It is operated with NSW TrainLink H sets and Sydney Trains T sets, with Endeavour railcars operating the service on the non-electrified line between Kiama and Bomaderry.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Southern Highlands Line</span>

The Southern Highlands Line is an Intercity rail service operated by NSW TrainLink that services the Macarthur, Southern Highlands and Southern Tablelands regions of New South Wales. First operating in 1869, the service runs from Campbelltown across the Main Southern railway line through to Goulburn, with peak hour services extending the route to Central. The railway service operates alongside a bus route from Picton to Bowral, operating on the route of the Picton – Mittagong loop railway line, and a regional coach service from Bundanoon to Wollongong on the South Coast Line, operating on the corridor of the Unanderra–Moss Vale railway line.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">New South Wales Endeavour railcar</span> Class of diesel multiple unit operated by NSW TrainLink

The Endeavour Railcars are a class of diesel multiple units operated by NSW TrainLink on passenger rail services in New South Wales, Australia on the Hunter, Blue Mountains, Southern Highlands and South Coast lines. They are mechanically identical to the Xplorers. All 30 carriages were built by ABB Transportation in Dandenong, Victoria.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Blue Mountains Line</span>

The Blue Mountains Line (BMT) is an inter urban commuter rail service operated by NSW TrainLink serving the Blue Mountains region of New South Wales, Australia. The line travels west from Sydney to the major town of Katoomba and on to Mount Victoria, Lithgow and Bathurst. Mount Victoria is the terminus for most electric services, but some services terminate at Lithgow instead. Two express services per day in each direction, known as the Bathurst Bullet, extend to the regional city of Bathurst, which is supplemented by road coaches connecting Bathurst to Lithgow. Due to electrification limits at Lithgow, the Bathurst Bullet is run using the Endeavour railcars, which operate on diesel. The Blue Mountains Line operates over a mostly duplicated section of the Main Western line. As such, the tracks are also traversed by the Central West XPT, Outback Xplorer and Indian Pacific passenger services and by freight trains.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Broadmeadow railway station</span> Railway station in New South Wales, Australia

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Fassifern railway station</span> Railway station in New South Wales, Australia

Fassifern railway station is located on the Main Northern line in New South Wales, Australia. It serves the City of Lake Macquarie suburb of Fassifern, opening in 1888.

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Broken Hill railway station</span> Railway station in New South Wales, Australia

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Outback Xplorer</span>

The Outback Xplorer is an Australian passenger train operated by NSW TrainLink between Sydney and Broken Hill via the Main Western line.

The NSW TrainLink fleet of trains serves the areas outside Sydney, Australia, mainly interurban and interstate lines. The NSW TrainLink fleet consists of both diesel and electric traction, with the oldest of the fleet being the V sets and the youngest being the H sets.

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bathurst Bullet</span>

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">NSW TrainLink Regional Train Project</span>

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References

  1. "RailCorp job cuts first of many: unions" Sydney Morning Herald 15 May 2012
  2. "Ruthless RailCorp reforms planned as middle management axed" Daily Telegraph 15 May 2012
  3. Annual Report 30 June 2012 RailCorp
  4. Corporate Plan 2012/13 RailCorp
  5. "700 jobs to go as RailCorp gets the axe" Daily Telegraph 16 November 2012
  6. "Opal fares". transportnsw.info. Transport for NSW. Retrieved 22 June 2019.
  7. "North Coast timetable". NSW Trainlink. 7 September 2019.
  8. "North West timetable". NSW Trainlink. 7 September 2019.
  9. "Western timetable". NSW Trainlink. 7 September 2019.
  10. "Southern timetable". NSW Trainlink. 7 September 2019.
  11. 1 2 3 New NSW TrainLink Rural Coach Service Contracts Australian Bus issue 68 March 2015 page 20
  12. Provision of NSW Rural Coach Services NSW eTendering 11 July 2014
  13. Contract Award Notice Detail NSW eTendering 19 July 2016
  14. Contract Award Notice Detail NSW eTendering 19 July 2016
  15. suppliers NSW TrainLink
  16. NSW TrainLink Regional Coach trials Transport for New South Wales
  17. Brewarrina to Coolabah timetable NSW TrainLink May 2018
  18. Bourke to Dubbo timetable NSW TrainLink May 2018
  19. Campbelltown to Goulburn timetable NSW TrainLink September 2018
  20. Goulburn to Canberra timetable NSW TrainLink September 2018
  21. Forster to Coffs Harbour timetable NSW TrainLink April 2019
  22. Wagga Wagga to Queanbeyan timetable NSW TrainLink April 2019
  23. 1 2 Arriving now – Broken Hill to Mildura and Adelaide coach services Roads & Maritime Services 13 June 2019
  24. 1 2 Broken Hill to Adelaide & Mildura timetable NSW TrainLink June 2019
  25. Cooma to Anglers Reach timetable NSW TrainLink December 2019
  26. Goulburn to Bigga timetable NSW TrainLink December 2019
  27. Delegate to Nimmitabel timetable NSW TrainLink December 2019
  28. Goodooga to Dubbo timetable NSW TrainLink December 2019
  29. Walgett to Moree timetable NSW TrainLink December 2019
  30. New Intercity Fleet Transport NSW
  31. NSW Government to invest $2.8 billion in new intercity trains, making all trains air-conditioned Transport for New South Wales 8 May 2014
  32. Intercity Fleet Program Transport for New South Wales
  33. "Regional Rail". Transport for NSW. 26 September 2019. Archived from the original on 26 September 2019. Retrieved 26 September 2019.
  34. NSW Region train fleet on track Transport for New South Wales 14 August 2017
  35. NSW region train fleet to be replaced Railway Gazette International 15 August 2017
  36. CAF to replace New South Wales regional train fleet Railway Gazette International 14 February 2019
  37. 1 2 "NSW Trains Annual Report 2017-18" (PDF). NSW Trains. pp. 8, 24. Retrieved 2 December 2018.
  38. "Our performance". Sydney Trains. Retrieved 2 December 2015.
  39. "Punctuality 2015". NSW Trains. Retrieved 21 October 2016.
  40. 1 2 3 "NSW Trains Annual Report 2017-18" (PDF). NSW Trains. pp. 26, 27. Retrieved 2 December 2018.
  41. "NSW Trains 2016-17 Annual Report" (PDF). NSW Trains. 18 June 2017. p. 15. Retrieved 23 May 2018.
  42. "NSW Trains 2015-16 Annual Report Volume 1" (PDF). NSW Trains. pp. 17, 22–23. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 November 2016. Retrieved 18 November 2016.
  43. "Transport for NSW Annual Report 2014-15" (PDF). Transport for NSW. p. 131. Retrieved 1 August 2016.
  44. "NSW Trains 2015-16 Annual Report" (PDF). NSW Trains. 18 June 2017. p. 17.
  45. "NSW Trains 2016-17 Annual Report" (PDF). NSW Trains. 18 June 2017. pp. 8, 15. Retrieved 23 May 2018.
  46. "Train Patronage – Monthly Figures". Transport for NSW. Retrieved 7 August 2020.
  47. "Train Patronage - Monthly Figures". Transport for NSW. Retrieved 20 August 2022.
  48. 1 2 Quiet carriages now permanent on the Blue Mountains and South Coast intercity services Sydney Trains
  49. Quiet carriages to expand on South Coast line Illawarra Mercury 3 July 2013
  50. "NSW chooses bi-mode option for regional train replacement". International Railway Journal. 30 September 2019. Retrieved 26 October 2020.
  51. NSW seeks private finance for regional fleet International Railway Journal 15 August 2017
  52. "Regional Rail". Transport for NSW. Archived from the original on 26 January 2021. Retrieved 26 January 2021.

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