Armidale railway station

Last updated

Armidale
Armidale Railway Station.jpg
Station front in September 2007
Location240 Brown Street, Armidale
Coordinates 30°30′55″S151°39′06″E / 30.5152°S 151.6517°E / -30.5152; 151.6517
Owned by RailCorp
Operated by NSW TrainLink
Line(s) Main Northern
Distance578.87 km (359.69 mi) from Central
Platforms1
Tracks3
Construction
Structure typeGround
Disabled accessYes
Other information
Station code ARM
History
Opened3 February 1883
Services
Preceding station  NSW Main lines  Following station
towards  Wallangarra
Main North Line
towards  Sydney
Preceding station  NSW TrainLink  Following station
Terminus NSW TrainLink North Western
towards  Sydney
Official nameArmidale Railway Station & Stationmaster's residence
TypeComplex / Group
Criteria a., b., c., d., e., g.
Designated2 April 1999
Reference no.01074
Official nameArmidale Railway Station and yard group movable relics
TypeComplex / Group
Designated2 April 1999
Reference no.01075
Official nameRailway Turntable
TypeBuilt
Designated2 April 1999
Reference no.01233
Location
Australia New South Wales location map blank.svg
Red pog.svg
Armidale
Location within New South Wales

The Armidale railway station is a heritage-listed railway station at 240 Brown Street, Armidale, Armidale Regional Council, New South Wales, Australia. It was built from 1882 to 1883 by Edmund Lonsdale and Henry Sheldon Hoddard, and was opened on 3 February 1883 when the line was extended from Uralla. It was the terminus of the line until it was extended to Glen Innes on 19 August 1884. [1] [2] It was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999. [3]

Armidale, New South Wales City in New South Wales, Australia

Armidale is a city in the Northern Tablelands, New South Wales, Australia. Armidale had a population of 24,351 as at June 2017. It is the administrative centre for the Northern Tablelands region. It is approximately halfway between Sydney and Brisbane at the junction of the New England Highway and Waterfall Way. Armidale traditional owners are Anaiwan people. Many Gumbaynggirr people have settled in Armidale since colonisation.

Armidale Regional Council Local government area in New South Wales, Australia

The Armidale Regional Council is a local government area in the New England and Northern Tablelands regions of New South Wales, Australia. This area was formed in 2016 from the merger of the Armidale Dumaresq Shire with the surrounding Guyra Shire.

New South Wales State of Australia

New South Wales is a state on the east coast of Australia. It borders Queensland to the north, Victoria to the south, and South Australia to the west. Its coast borders the Tasman Sea to the east. The Australian Capital Territory is an enclave within the state. New South Wales' state capital is Sydney, which is also Australia's most populous city. In March 2018, the population of New South Wales was over 7.9 million, making it Australia's most populous state. Just under two-thirds of the state's population, 5.1 million, live in the Greater Sydney area. Inhabitants of New South Wales are referred to as New South Welshmen.

Contents

It is the terminal station of the Main Northern line. The last regular services to operate north of Armidale was the Northern Mail which ceased in November 1988. [4] Freight services continued to serve a fertilizer depot at Dumaresq until the mid-2000s, after which the line closed north of Armidale.

The Northern Mail was an Australian passenger train that ran from Sydney to Armidale, Glen Innes, Tenterfield and Moree from the 1870s until November 1988.

Dumaresq, New South Wales New South Wales, Australia

Dumaresq is a town in the Northern Tablelands, New South Wales, Australia. It is located approximately 20 km north-west of Armidale, on Boorolong Road. The local council is Armidale Regional Council, it once belonged to Dumaresq Shire, and then Armidale Dumaresq Shire. The town is located within Sandon County.

History

Armidale railway precinct is located on the Main North line, which runs from Sydney and extends as far as Wallangarra on the Queensland border. The Main North Line (formerly known as the Great Northern Railway) runs through the Central Coast, Hunter and New England regions. The line was the original main line between Sydney and Brisbane, however this required a change of gauge at Wallangarra. The line is now closed north of Armidale, and the main route between Brisbane and Sydney is now the North Coast line. [3]

Sydney City in New South Wales, Australia

Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia and Oceania. Located on Australia's east coast, the metropolis surrounds Port Jackson and extends about 70 km (43.5 mi) on its periphery towards the Blue Mountains to the west, Hawkesbury to the north, the Royal National Park to the south and Macarthur to the south-west. Sydney is made up of 658 suburbs, 40 local government areas and 15 contiguous regions. Residents of the city are known as "Sydneysiders". As of June 2017, Sydney's estimated metropolitan population was 5,131,326, and is home to approximately 65% of the state's population.

Wallangarra, Queensland Town in Queensland, Australia

Wallangarra is a town and locality in the Southern Downs Region, Queensland, Australia. It is the third most southerly town in Queensland, 258 kilometres (160 mi) south west of Brisbane. Wallangarra is on the Queensland side of the border and Jennings is on the New South Wales side. At the 2006 census, Wallangarra had a population of 385.

Queensland North-east state of Australia

Queensland is the second-largest and third-most populous state in the Commonwealth of Australia. Situated in the north-east of the country, it is bordered by the Northern Territory, South Australia and New South Wales to the west, south-west and south respectively. To the east, Queensland is bordered by the Coral Sea and Pacific Ocean. To its north is the Torres Strait, with Papua New Guinea located less than 200 km across it from the mainland. The state is the world's sixth-largest sub-national entity, with an area of 1,852,642 square kilometres (715,309 sq mi).

Armidale was first settled in the early 1830s, following the earlier exploration of the area by John Oxley. Oxley recommended the region for grazing, and soon early pioneers set up small farms in the locality. Armidale, which was surveyed in 1848 and gazetted in 1849, was established to provide a market and administration centre for the farms. The town grew rapidly following the discovery of gold at nearby Rocky River and Gara Gorges in the 1850s. [5] [3]

John Oxley British explorer

John Joseph William Molesworth Oxley was an explorer and surveyor of Australia in the early period of British colonisation. He served as Surveyor General of New South Wales and is perhaps best known for his two expeditions into the interior of New South Wales and his discoveries of the Tweed River and the Brisbane River in what is now the state of Queensland.

Rocky River, New South Wales locality in New South Wales, Australia

Rocky River is a locality in northern New South Wales, Australia near the town of Uralla on the Northern Tablelands plateau.

Although the opening of the Great Northern Railway occurred on 30 March 1857, political indecision in the 1870s hampered efforts by Engineer-in-Chief of the NSW Railways, John Whitton, to finalise the survey of the Great Northern line. Competing proposals urged a route via Armidale and Tenterfield against a less developed but easier route through Barraba and Inverell. On 18 May 1878, the Minister for Public Works, John Sutherland, announced that the chosen route was via Armidale. [5] [3]

John Whitton Australian railway engineer

John Whitton, an Anglo–Australian railway engineer, was the Engineer-in-Charge for the New South Wales Government Railways, serving between 1856 and 1890, considered the Father of New South Wales Railways. Under his supervision, it is estimated that 2,171 miles (3,494 km) of railway around New South Wales and Victoria were completed. Whitton was responsible for the construction of parts of the Main Western railway line, in particular the section over the Blue Mountains and the Lithgow Zig Zag, and much of the Main Southern railway line.

Tenterfield, New South Wales Town in New South Wales, Australia

Tenterfield is a town in New South Wales, Australia. It is located in the New England region at the intersection of the New England Highway and the Bruxner Highway. Tenterfield is a three-hour drive from Brisbane, Queensland, three hours from Byron Bay, New South Wales, two hours from Armidale, New South Wales and eight hours from Sydney. The town is on the north-western part of the Northern Tableland plateau, nestled in a valley, astride the Great Dividing Range and beneath the imposing Mount MacKenzie, one of the highest points along the Northern Tablelands. At the 2016 census, Tenterfield had a population of approximately 4,000.

Barraba, New South Wales Town in New South Wales, Australia

Barraba is a town in the New England region of northern New South Wales, Australia. It was formerly the centre of Barraba Shire local government area, but most of this, including Barraba, was absorbed into Tamworth Regional Council in 2004. On Census night 2016, Barraba had a population of approximately 1,400 people. It is part of the Bundarra-Barraba Important Bird Area which is important for the conservation of the endangered regent honeyeater.

The line to Armidale opened on 3 February 1883 as an extension of the line from Uralla and continued on to Glen Innes the following year. The construction contract for the Uralla to Glen Innes section was awarded to D Proudfoot in c.1882. Contracts for the construction of a station building, Station Master's residence, lamp room, carriage dock and buffer, goods shed, and water tank were awarded in 1882 to Edmund Lonsdale (1843 -1913). Lonsdale began his working life as a bricklayer, builder and contractor before beginning a career in state politics (1891-1913), serving as a member for New England and Armidale. The fine cast iron work of the station building was completed at New England Foundry in Uralla by Henry Sheldon Goddard. [6] [3]

Uralla, New South Wales Town in New South Wales, Australia

Uralla is a town on the Northern Tablelands, New South Wales, Australia. The town is located at the intersection of the New England Highway and Thunderbolts Way, 465 kilometres (289 mi) north of Sydney and about 23 kilometres (14 mi) south west of the city of Armidale. At the 2011 census, the township of Uralla had a population of 2,388 people, while the larger gazetted locality of 193.5 km2 had a population of 2,754 people.

Glen Innes, New South Wales Town in New South Wales, Australia

Glen Innes is a parish and town on the Northern Tablelands, in the New England region of New South Wales, Australia. It is the centre of the Glen Innes Severn Shire Council. The town is located at the intersection of the New England Highway and the Gwydir Highway. At the 2016 census, Glen Innes had a population of 6,155.

Edmund Lonsdale Australian politician

Edmund Lonsdale was an Australian politician. Born in Morpeth, New South Wales, he was schooled in Maitland before becoming a bricklayer, builder and contractor. He was also an alderman on Armidale Shire Council. In 1891 he was elected to the New South Wales Legislative Assembly as the member for New England, serving until 1894; he was elected to Armidale in 1895, serving until 1898. In 1901 he was the unsuccessful Free Trade Party candidate for the federal seat of New England, after which he returned to the Legislative Assembly, again as the member for Armidale. In 1903 he was again the candidate for the federal New England seat, and was successful. He held the seat until his defeat in 1906, after which he returned to state politics, being re-elected to Armidale in 1907. He continued in that position until his death in 1913.

In addition to the station building, other early structures and additions to the yard included the 1882 loco depot, 1891 coal stage, a new 18.288 metre turntable in 1899, extensions to the platform in 1907 and in 1912, and a signal box in 1918. [7] [3]

The loco depot closed in 1984 but Armidale remains an operational railway station with daily Countrylink passenger services. [3]

Modifications and dates

Railway precinct

  • 1882 - Contract awarded for the construction of engine crew barracks, porters' cottages and gate house;
  • 1886 - Tender awarded for construction of refreshment rooms;
  • 1907 - Platform at southern end extended;
  • 1912 - Platform extended;
  • 1913 - Overbridge between Jessie and Dangar Streets opened and Dangar Street level crossing closed;
  • 1916 - Refreshment room taken over by the NSWGR;
  • 1920 - Institute building authorised;
  • 1922 - A subway at Niagara Street provided and level crossing at this street and other crossings at 579.90km and 583.10km closed;
  • 1926 - A loading bank for loading sheep erected [3]

Armidale Depot

  • 1882 - Contract awarded for provision of a coal stage and pumphouse;
  • 1882 - Contract awarded for the construction of 3-track engine shed;
  • 1882 - Engine shed opened as a "through type" shed;
  • 1891 - Coal stage 18.2m long erected;
  • 1899 - A 18.2m diameter turntable provided, replacing the 15.240m diameter unit originally installed;
  • 1918 - A 14.1kW oil engine and shafting in the machine shop installed;
  • 1923 - A drop pit and engine pits provided;
  • 1923 - Holman hoist erected for coal loading;
  • 1923 - Boilermakers shop erected;
  • 1926 - Holman coal hoist installed;
  • 1926 - 22.8m diameter turntable ordered from Messrs Poole & Steel Ltd.;
  • 1945 - 90kL water tank erected;
  • 1976 - Diesel locomotive and wagon repair shed and yard modifications;
  • 1984 - Depot closed.

. [8] [3]

Services

Armidale station is served by NSW TrainLink's daily Northern Tablelands Xplorer service operating to and from Sydney. It is also served by weekly (Tuesday only) NSW TrainLink coach service to Inverell and daily NSW TrainLink coach service to Tenterfield. [9]

PlatformLineStopping patternNotes
1services to Sydney Central

Description

The station buildings have a good level of integrity/intactness. [3]

Station building (1883)

This is a major first class station building constructed of rendered brick with a pavilion at each end. The main booking office is located centrally and is marked by a raised transverse gable roof and separate entrance roof. The entrance is flanked by verandahs with cast iron columns decorated with filigree detailing. The platform awning is largely in the form of the earlier buildings and is also supported on cast iron columns and brackets. The building has a well detailed decorative dentil course with projecting brickwork. The roof is now clad in corrugated iron (formerly slate). Some sections of the verandah have been in-filled as has the section linking the eastern pavilion to the main building. [3]

The building does not follow the standard lineal arrangement seen in many railway structure, with the Station Master's office on the street side accessed through the ticket office and parcels, separated from the booking hall with a main street entrance. The building also has two ladies waiting rooms, one at each end of the building. [3]

Goods shed (1883)

It is a large structure consisting of two sections: the first, is of timber construction built in 1883 with a gabled, corrugated, galvanised iron roof that overhangs the building, supported by timber braces, and provides covering for two loading stages on both sides of the building. The building includes a storeroom and an office, which originally was an annex to the building but is now covered by the second section. The second section is a brick and patent steel extension constructed in 1965 (partly re-clad in the 1980s) that provides a large, covered loading area. The loading crane has been removed. [3]

Other structures

The station platform dates from 1883 and has a brick face with ramped ends. The brick face dock platform is also heritage-listed.

The barracks is a c.1880s masonry building and c.1940s timber building. It is of brick and timber construction with a covered verandah (12.5 m). It is possibly the oldest extant drivers' rest house, although the roof not original. [3]

The former per way offices and sheds is a corrugated, galvanised iron structure currently housing a trike collection. [3]

The 1899 turntable is of 18.2m diameter and is also separately listed on the New South Wales Heritage Register.

The station sign, scales, station clock and fences are also heritage-listed. [3]

Heritage listing

Armidale railway precinct is of state significance, particularly for the grand, 19th century, first class station building that exhibits significant architectural and aesthetic attributes and reflects the importance of Armidale as a major regional centre and significant railway location (now the terminus of the northern line). The railway precinct at Armidale includes a significant station and railway yard dating from a period of extensive railway construction in NSW in the late 19th century. The station building and other extant structures at Armidale demonstrate the rapid expansion of railway infrastructure in the 1880s in the New England region and in other parts of NSW. The station building is an excellent and mostly intact example of late 19th-century railway station architecture in NSW and retains good detailing. The station building is still in use and remains a major civic building and an important element within the townscape of Armidale. [3]

Armidale railway station was listed on the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999 having satisfied the following criteria. [3]

The place is important in demonstrating the course, or pattern, of cultural or natural history in New South Wales.

The Armidale railway precinct is significant for its historical values as a tangible link to the development of the Great Northern Railway (GNR) line during the 19th century as well as the development of the NSW railways generally. The GNR was an important achievement in transport and engineering within NSW. As the third main trunk rail route in NSW stretching from Sydney to the Queensland border, the line linked townships to one another as well as to Sydney leading to significant economic and social impacts for those individual townships as well as for NSW more generally. The station building and railway yard at Armidale date from a period of extensive railway construction in NSW in the late 19th century and are closely associated with the rapid expansion of railway infrastructure in the New England region and in other parts of NSW in the 1880s. The station and yard reflect the importance of Armidale as a major regional centre which warranted a notable station building and large forecourt area. [3]

The place has a strong or special association with a person, or group of persons, of importance of cultural or natural history of New South Wales's history.

The Armidale railway station is associated with a significant Armidale identity, Edmund Lonsdale, who built the station building and later served as a NSW state parliamentarian for over 20 years. [3]

The place is important in demonstrating aesthetic characteristics and/or a high degree of creative or technical achievement in New South Wales.

The station building is state significant for its high level of aesthetic significance. Armidale is a large, first class station building with a high level of decorative detailing. The building has a significant presence within the townscape of Armidale. [3]

The place is has strong or special association with a particular community or cultural group in New South Wales for social, cultural or spiritual reasons.

The railway precinct is of social significance to the local community, having performed an important role in supporting the town as a regional centre for agricultural commerce and thereby being the site of significant activity and employment. The railway station contributes to the local community's sense of place and displays continuity of use since the 1880s, providing a connection to the local community's past. [3]

The place has potential to yield information that will contribute to an understanding of the cultural or natural history of New South Wales.

Armidale has research potential and significance as a historic, representative landmark, rural railway station building and precinct. [3]

The place is important in demonstrating the principal characteristics of a class of cultural or natural places/environments in New South Wales.

The railway precinct includes a representative collection of railway structures; particularly the station building which is a good representative example of first-class railway architecture in NSW. The precinct collectively demonstrates widespread 19th and early 20th Century railway customs, activities and design in NSW. [3]

See also

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References

  1. Armidale Station NSWrail.net
  2. "Armidale Railway Precinct". New South Wales State Heritage Register . Office of Environment and Heritage . Retrieved 12 October 2017.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 "Armidale Railway Station & Stationmaster's residence". New South Wales State Heritage Register . Office of Environment and Heritage. H01074. Retrieved 28 May 2018.
  4. "Requiem for a Mail" Railway Digest January 1989 page 14
  5. 1 2 Burke, 1995
  6. Forsyth, 2009; Cottee, 2004; SRA 1993
  7. Cottee, 2004; SRA, 1993
  8. Forsyth, 2009
  9. "North West timetable" (PDF). NSW Trainlink. 30 September 2018.

Bibliography

Attribution

CC-BY-icon-80x15.png This Wikipedia article was originally based on Armidale Railway Station & Stationmaster's residence , entry number 01074 in the New South Wales State Heritage Register published by the State of New South Wales and Office of Environment and Heritage 2018 under CC-BY 4.0 licence , accessed on 28 May 2018.