|Owner||Transport for NSW|
|Transit type||Suburban rail|
|Number of lines||9|
|Number of stations||175|
|Annual ridership||359.2 million (2017–2018)|
|Website||Transport for NSW: Sydney Trains|
|Began operation||1 July 2013|
|System length||813 km (505 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
|Electrification||1500 V (DC) overhead line|
Sydney Trains is the suburban passenger rail network serving the city of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. The network is a hybrid suburban-commuter rail system with a central underground core that covers over 813 km (505 mi) of track and 175 stations over nine lines. It has metro-equivalent train frequencies of every three minutes or better in the underground core, 5–10 minutes off-peak at most major stations and 15 minutes off-peak at most minor stations. During weekday peak services trains are more frequent, while frequency decreases on weekends.
Sydney, the largest city in Australia, has an extensive network of passenger and freight railways. The passenger system includes an extensive suburban railway network, operated by Sydney Trains, a metro network and a light rail network. A dedicated freight network also exists. Future expansion of the light rail network includes the under–construction CBD and South East Light Rail, and the planned Parramatta Light Rail.
Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia and Oceania. Located on Australia's east coast, the metropolis surrounds Port Jackson and extends about 70 km (43.5 mi) on its periphery towards the Blue Mountains to the west, Hawkesbury to the north, the Royal National Park to the south and Macarthur to the south-west. Sydney is made up of 658 suburbs, 40 local government areas and 15 contiguous regions. Residents of the city are known as "Sydneysiders". As of June 2017, Sydney's estimated metropolitan population was 5,230,330 and is home to approximately 65% of the state's population.
New South Wales is a state on the east coast of Australia. It borders Queensland to the north, Victoria to the south, and South Australia to the west. Its coast borders the Tasman Sea to the east. The Australian Capital Territory is an enclave within the state. New South Wales' state capital is Sydney, which is also Australia's most populous city. In December 2018, the population of New South Wales was over 8 million, making it Australia's most populous state. Just under two-thirds of the state's population, 5.1 million, live in the Greater Sydney area. Inhabitants of New South Wales are referred to as New South Welshmen.
The network is controlled by Transport for NSW, and is part of its Opal ticketing system. In 2017-18, 359.2 million passenger journeys were made on the network.
Transport for NSW, sometimes abbreviated to TfNSW, and pronounced as Transport for New South Wales, is a statutory authority of the New South Wales Government that was created on 1 November 2011 to manage the transport services in the state of New South Wales, Australia. It is the leading transport agency of the state. The authority is a separate entity from the New South Wales Department of Transport, the ultimate parent entity of Transport for NSW and a department of the New South Wales Government.
Opal is a contactless fare collection system for public transport services in the greater Sydney area of New South Wales, Australia. Operation of the Opal system is managed by the New South Wales Government's transport authority, Transport for NSW. First launched in late 2012, Opal is valid on Transport for NSW's bus, rail, light rail and ferry services that operate in Sydney and the neighbouring Central Coast, Hunter Region, Blue Mountains, Illawarra and Southern Highlands areas. Opal equipment was designed from the start to support a variety of cards, but launched with the captive Opal cards.
In May 2012 the Minister for Transport announced a restructure of RailCorp, the organisation that owned and managed the metropolitan rail network and operated passenger services throughout New South Wales.Two new organisations were created to take over operation of the services from 1 July 2013. Sydney Trains acquired all suburban services in the Sydney metropolitan area bounded by Berowra, Emu Plains, Macarthur and Waterfall from RailCorp's CityRail division. Intercity and Hunter Line services previously operated by CityRail were taken over by NSW Trains (branded as NSW TrainLink). RailCorp remained as the owner of the network infrastructure. When first created as subsidiaries of RailCorp, Sydney Trains and NSW Trains were not controlled entities of RailCorp, but were instead controlled by Transport for NSW. In July, they ceased to be subsidiaries of RailCorp and became independent standalone agencies in July 2017.
Rail Corporation New South Wales (RailCorp) is an agency of the State of New South Wales, Australia established under the Transport Administration Act 1988 in 2004. It is currently a division under the control of Transport for NSW. It holds rail property assets, rolling stock and rail infrastructure in the Sydney metropolitan area and limited country locations in the state and it makes these assets available to Sydney Trains and NSW TrainLink for their operations. It also manages the NSW Government’s contract with the Airport Link Company. The chief executive of RailCorp is Sydney Trains chief executive Howard Collins.
Berowra railway station is located on the Main Northern line, serving the Sydney suburb of Berowra. It is served by Sydney Trains T1 North Shore Line services, T9 Northern Line services and NSW TrainLink Central Coast & Newcastle Line services.
The Emu Plains railway station is a heritage-listed railway station located on the Main Western line in the western Sydney suburb of Emu Plains in the City of Penrith local government area of New South Wales, Australia. It was designed by the New South Wales Government Railways and built from 1884 to 1907 by M. Reed, et. al. It is also known as Emu Plains Railway Station group. The property is owned by RailCorp, an agency of the Government of New South Wales. It was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999. The station is served by Sydney Trains T1 Western line services and NSW TrainLink Blue Mountains line services.
The first expansion of the Sydney suburban network during the Sydney Trains era occurred in 2015 when the South West Rail Link opened between Glenfield and Leppington.
The South West Rail Link is a railway line serving the developing suburbs of south-western Sydney, Australia. Services form part of the Sydney Trains commuter rail network. It opened on 8 February 2015.
Glenfield Railway station is a junction station serving the Sydney suburb of Glenfield in Australia. It is served by Sydney Trains T8 Airport & South, T2 Inner West & Leppington and T5 Cumberland services, and by limited NSW TrainLink Southern Highlands Line services.
Leppington railway station is the terminus of the South West Rail Link which serves the south-western Sydney suburb of Leppington. It opened on 8 February 2015. A ten road stabling facility is located to the west of the station at Rossmore. There are 850 car park spaces available.
Beginning in 2018, some sections of the network are being transferred to the city’s metro and light rail networks. The line between Chatswood and Epping will form part of Sydney Metro Northwest and closed for conversion in September 2018.The section of line between Sydenham and Bankstown will form part of Sydney Metro City & Southwest. This is due to open in 2024. The section of line between Camellia and Carlingford will form part of the Parramatta Light Rail network. The adjacent section of track between Clyde and Camellia, including Rosehill railway station, will become disused. The light rail is expected to open in 2023.
Sydney Metro is a fully automated rapid transit system located in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Opened in May 2019, it currently consists of a single line with 13 stations and 36 km (22.4 mi) of track. The network is controlled by the Sydney Metro agency, under the umbrella of the New South Wales Government's transport authority Transport for NSW; it is operated by Metro Trains Sydney.
Chatswood railway station is located on the North Shore line, serving the Sydney suburb of Chatswood. It is served by Sydney Trains T1 North Shore & Western Line, T9 Northern Line services and Sydney Metro Metro North West Line services.
Epping railway station is a railway station in Epping, in the Northern Suburbs and Greater Western regions of Sydney. It is served by Sydney Trains T9 Northern Line, NSW TrainLink Central Coast & Newcastle Line, and Metro North West Line services.
A new rail link has been announced to serve the under-construction Western Sydney Airport. The line will link with the Western Line at St Marys station.The line is the first stage of a proposed "North-South Link" between Schofields and Macarthur. However, this line is likely to be delivered using metro or light metro technology. In addition, a proposed extension to the South West Rail Link would connect Leppington to the Badgerys Creek Aerotropolis interchange south of the Western Sydney Airport.
Western Sydney International Airport is the site for the second Sydney airport, located within the suburb of Badgerys Creek. The Airport is planned to have 24 hour and curfew-free operations. Construction of Stage 1 of the Airport began on 24 September 2018 and is expected to be complete by December 2026. The site was officially designated by the Federal Government on 15 April 2014, after decades of debate on the location of another airport within the Sydney basin.
Schofields railway station is located on the Richmond line, serving the Sydney suburb of Schofields. It is served by Sydney Trains T1 Western and T5 Cumberland line services.
Macarthur railway station is located on the Main South line, serving the Sydney suburb of Campbeltown. It is served by Sydney Trains T8 Airport & South and NSW TrainLink Southern Highlands Line services. It is the southern extremity of the electrified Sydney Trains network.
In July 2013 Howard Collins, the former Chief Operating Officer of London Underground, was appointed as Chief Executive of Sydney Trains. In addition to operating suburban train services, Sydney Trains maintains the New South Wales Metropolitan Rail Area, and maintains all but a handful of operational railway stations in the state.
Sydney Trains operates electric suburban lines across metropolitan Sydney.
In conjunction with a new timetable released on 20 October 2013, the Sydney Trains network was reorganised with a new numbering system. The number of lines was reduced from eleven to seven by merging several lines together.
An eighth line was created on 26 November 2017 by splitting the T2 line into two separate lines. T5 services were also modified to no longer travel to and from Campbelltown, instead starting and terminating at Leppington.
From 28 April 2019, the T1 line from Gordon to Hornsby via Strathfield was renumbered T9, whilst the portion from Berowra to Richmond & Emu Plains via Chatswood and Parramatta remained T1. T9 is red in colour.
|Line colour, number and name||Between|
|North Shore & Western Line|
|Inner West & Leppington Line|
|Bankstown Line||City Circle and Liverpool or Lidcombe via Bankstown and Sydenham.|
|Eastern Suburbs & Illawarra Line||Bondi Junction and Waterfall or Cronulla via Central.|
|Cumberland Line||Schofields and Leppington. Limited services continue from Schofields to Richmond.|
|Carlingford Line||Clyde and Carlingford.|
|Olympic Park Line||Lidcombe and Olympic Park. Some services operate between Central and Olympic Park, particularly during special events.|
|Airport & South Line||City Circle and Macarthur via Revesby and either Sydenham (peak) or Airport|
|Northern Line||Hornsby and Gordon via Strathfield and City|
The main hub of the Sydney Trains system is Central station, which most lines pass through. Central is also the terminus of most NSW TrainLink lines. After leaving Central, trains coming from the T2 Inner West & Leppington Line, T3 Bankstown Line and T8 Airport & South Line then travel through the City Circle - a ring line beneath the Sydney central business district. After completing the City Circle, these trains pass through Central for a second time and return to the suburbs. The T1 North Shore & Western, T4 Eastern Suburbs & Illawarra and T9 Northern lines pass through the central business district and continue on to other areas of Sydney. The T5 Cumberland Line serves Western Sydney and provides access to the major centre of Parramatta from the south west of the city without requiring a change of trains at Granville. The T6 Carlingford Line and T7 Olympic Park Line are suburban shuttle services.
NightRide bus services established in 1989, replace trains between midnight and 4:30am, leaving the tracks clear of trains for maintenance work. Such bus services mainly stop near stations operating typically at hourly intervals (some routes depart more frequently on weekends). Many services depart the city from bus stops near Town Hall station.NightRide services are contracted to external bus operators and are identified by route numbers beginning with "N".
Sydney Trains operates a fleet of double deck electric multiple units. The trainsets are divided into the following classes:
|K sets||160||1981-85||4 cars|
|C sets||56||1986-87||4 cars|
|T sets||447||1988-95||4 cars|
|M sets||140||2002-05||4 cars|
|H sets||220||2006-12||4 cars|
|A sets||626||2011-14||8 cars|
|B sets||192||2018-19||8 cars|
Though primarily operated by NSW TrainLink, some H sets are also used on suburban services, and with the delivery of the New Intercity Fleet for operations on regional NSW TrainLink lines in 2019, most of the sets will be transferred to suburban services. The oldest sets in the fleet, the S sets, were all pulled out of service and scrapped with the delivery of 24 B sets, which was completed in June 2019.
All Sydney Trains A, B and M sets are maintained by Downer Rail. Their contract for the Millenium trains (M sets) was extended by 10 years from June 2017.All other types of trains including NSW TrainLink intercity V and H sets are maintained by UGL Unipart. The contract with UGL Unipart was extended for two years from 1 July 2019.
The Sydney Trains network is divided into three sectors, based around three maintenance depots.Trainsets are identified by target plates, which are exhibited on the front lower nearside of driving carriages. Each target plate includes the letter of the class the set belongs to and the number of the individual set. Waratahs do not have a target plate, but instead, have the information written directly on the front of the train. The composition and formations of train sets and the target designations are subject to alteration. NSW TrainLink H sets carry green target plates.
|Sector #||Depot||Serviced lines||Target plate||Sets being|
|1||Mortdale||T4 Eastern Suburbs & Illawarra line, Intercity services on the South Coast line.||Red||T, H|
|2||Flemington||T2 Inner West & Leppington, T3 Bankstown, T5 Cumberland, T6 Carlingford, T7 Olympic Park and T8 Airport & South lines,|
Intercity services on Blue Mountains & Central Coast lines (V sets only).
|Blue||K, C, V|
|3||Hornsby||T1 North Shore & Western and T9 Northern lines, Intercity services on the Central Coast line (H sets only)||Black||K, T, H|
|N/A||Auburn Maintrain||UGL Unipart carry out maintenance at the various depots to which the trains are allocated but major work may be carried out at Auburn Maintrain.||N/A||All except A, B and M|
|N/A||Auburn||All A, B and M sets are stabled at the depot for the sector in which they operate but are maintained at Auburn by Downer Rail.||N/A||A, B, M|
The following table lists patronage figures for the network during the corresponding financial year. Australia's financial years start on 1 July and end on 30 June. Major events that affected the number of journeys made or how patronage is measured are included as notes.
|142 853 000|
|33 301 000|
|28 178 000|
|67 935 000|
|6 677 000|
|1 664 000|
|†||26 415 000|
|37 891 000|
Sydney Trains currently uses the Opal card ticketing system which was introduced to the network in April 2014.The fare system is fully integrated with the NSW TrainLink Intercity network - trips involving both suburban and intercity services are calculated as a single fare and there is no interchange penalty. Students who use the Sydney Trains network to get to and from schools can apply for a free school Opal card. Opal is also valid on bus, ferry, and light rail services but separate fares apply for these modes. The following table lists Opal fares for reusable smartcards and single trip tickets:
|Metro or train|
as of 24 June 2019
|0–10 km||10–20 km||20–35 km||35–65 km||65 km+|
|Adult cards (peak)||$3.61||$4.48||$5.15||$6.89||$8.86|
|Adult cards (off-peak)||$2.52||$3.13||$3.60||$4.82||$6.20|
|Other cards (peak)||$1.80||$2.24||$2.57^||$3.44^||$4.43^|
|Other cards (off-peak)||$1.26||$1.56||$1.79||$2.20||$3.10^|
|Adult single trip||$4.50||$5.60||$6.40||$8.40||$10.80|
|Child/Youth single trip||$2.20||$2.80||$3.20||$4.20||$5.40|
^ = $2.50 for Senior/Pensioner cardholders
A surcharge is levied when using the two privately operated stations serving Sydney Airport:
|Airport station access fee |
as of 2 July 2018
|Adult cards||Other cards|
|Domestic or International Airport to/from all other stations||$14.30||$12.80|
|Domestic or International Airport to/from Green Square||$8.40||$8.40|
|Domestic or International Airport to/from Mascot||$6.00||$6.00|
|Domestic to/from International||$2.00||$2.00|
As there are no return or periodical options available, reusable Opal cards include a number of caps to reduce the cost for frequent travellers:
|Fare caps |
as of 24 June 2019
|Adult cards||Other concession|
Station Access Fee
The previous ticketing system was introduced in 1992 and was based on magnetic stripe technology. It was shut down on 1 August 2016.
CityRail was an Australian passenger train operator with services in and around Sydney, Newcastle and Wollongong, the three largest cities in New South Wales as well as some rail replacement bus services. It was established in January 1989 and abolished in June 2013 when it was superseded by Sydney Trains and NSW TrainLink.
The Sydney Trains M sets or Millennium trains are a class of electric multiple unit operated by Sydney Trains in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. The fourth generation trains entered service from 1 July 2002 after short delays due to electrical defects. The trains can operate over the entire suburban network, but currently only operate on T2 Inner West & Leppington, T3 Bankstown, T5 Cumberland, T6 Carlingford, T7 Olympic Park and T8 Airport & South lines.
The Airport & South Line is a suburban commuter rail line in Sydney, Australia. It connects the Sydney central business district with the southwestern suburbs via Sydney Airport. The line is part of the Sydney Trains network. The line began operating on 26 November 2017, when the T2 Airport, Inner West & South Line was split in two. Sydney Trains' predecessor CityRail operated the Airport & East Hills line over an identical route between 2000 and 2013.
The Bankstown Line is a commuter rail line operated by Sydney Trains in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. It serves Canterbury-Bankstown and parts of the Inner West and Western Sydney. The Bankstown railway line is the physical railway line which carries the section of the Bankstown Line between Sydenham and Birrong.
The Cumberland Line is a commuter rail line operated by Sydney Trains in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. It connects Schofields and Leppington stations in the western suburbs. Limited services extend from Schofields to Richmond. The line opened in 1996, following the construction of a 'Y-link' track between Harris Park and Merrylands stations. The intention of this link was to allow direct services to operate from the south west suburbs to Parramatta and Blacktown without requiring a change of trains at Granville. The line takes its name from the Cumberland Plain on which much of Western Sydney was built.
Public transport in Sydney is provided by an extensive network of operating modes including suburban rail, light rail, buses and ferries. The network also includes a mode of rapid transit, with the new Sydney Metro opened on May 26 2019. According to the 2006 census, in terms of travel to work or study Sydney has the highest rate of public transport usage among the Australian capital cities of 26.3% with more than 80% of weekday trips to/from Central Sydney being made by public transport. According to the New South Wales State Plan, the state has Australia's largest public transport system. The network is regulated by Transport for NSW.
Buses account for close to six per cent of trips each day in the Australian city of Sydney, New South Wales, forming a key part of the city's public transport system. The network initially evolved from a privately operated system of feeder services to railway stations in the outer suburbs, and a publicly operated network of bus services introduced to replace trams in the inner suburbs. The bus network has undergone major reform in recent years, with the New South Wales Government taking responsibility for route and fare-setting, opening contracts for most routes up to competitive tendering, and introducing more cross-regional services.
Edmondson Park railway station is a station on the South West Rail Link which serves the south-western Sydney suburb of Edmondson Park. It opened on 8 February 2015. It is part of the Sydney Trains network.
The Sydney Trains A & B sets both also known as Waratah are classes of electric multiple unit trains operated by Sydney Trains in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. The trains were named Waratah by the New South Wales Government after the flower of the same name, which is the state's floral emblem.
NSW TrainLink is an Australian brand for the medium and long distance passenger rail and coach services in New South Wales. It operates services throughout New South Wales and into the neighbouring Australian states and territories of Victoria, Queensland and the Australian Capital Territory. Train services are operated by the government agency NSW Trains, while coach services are contracted to private operators. NSW Trains is an agency of Transport for NSW.
The North Shore & Western Line is a commuter rail line operated by Sydney Trains in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. It serves the North Shore, parts of the Inner West and Western Suburbs.
The Inner West & Leppington Line is a commuter rail service operated by Sydney Trains, serving the inner west and south-western regions of Sydney, Australia. Consisting 37 stops, the service commences from the City Circle, then heads west to Granville. The line branches at this point; services either head northwest to Parramatta or south to Leppington. A third terminus at Homebush is used when the part-time Parramatta branch isn't operating. The line commenced operations on 26 November 2017, replacing the T2 Airport, Inner West & South Line.
The Olympic Park railway line is a railway line linking the Sydney Olympic Park precinct to the Main Suburban railway line at Flemington and Lidcombe. Originally opened as the Abattoirs branch in 1911, it was rebuilt and reopened as the Olympic Park railway line in 1998. Passenger services have since been running on it as the Olympic Park Line.
Sydney Metro City & Southwest is a 30 km (19 mi) rapid transit railway line in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia currently under construction. The project will extend Sydney Metro Northwest from Chatswood on the North Shore, to Bankstown in the city's south-west via the Sydney central business district. The centrepiece of the project is a new 15.5 km (9.6 mi) twin-tunnel rail crossing under Sydney Harbour and through the city to Sydenham. Together with planned improvements to the Main Western line, the project is expected to increase capacity on the Sydney rail network by up to 60%, and allow for the movement of over 100,000 extra commuters across the network every hour.
Metro Trains Sydney Pty Ltd (MTS) is the operator of the Metro North West Line, which runs along the Sydney Metro Northwest. It is a joint venture between MTR Corporation (60%), John Holland (20%) and UGL Rail (20%) formed in September 2014. It operates the network with a fleet of 22 Alstom Metropolis trains under a 15-year contract.
The 2010s have seen many developments relating to transport in the Australian city of Sydney, New South Wales. The decade has seen a substantial investment in infrastructure, including a new airport, motorway projects, light rail lines, Australia's first metro system, the new Waratah fleet and the demise of the non-air conditioned S sets from the rail network. Planning and branding of public transport services has become substantially more centralised.
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