Sydney Trains

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Sydney Trains
Sydney Trains logo.svg
B set departing Panania 20180919 01 (Nimed).jpg
Series 2 Waratah at Panania in September 2018
Overview
Owner Transport for NSW
Locale Sydney
Transit type Suburban rail
Number of lines9
Number of stations 175
Annual ridership359.2 million (2017–2018)
Website Transport for NSW: Sydney Trains
Operation
Began operation1 July 2013
Technical
System length813 km (505 mi)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification 1500 V (DC) overhead line
System map

Sydney Trains is the suburban passenger rail network serving the city of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. The network is a hybrid suburban-commuter rail system with a central underground core that covers over 813 km (505 mi) of track and 175 stations over nine lines. It has metro-equivalent train frequencies of every three minutes or better in the underground core, 5–10 minutes off-peak at most major stations and 15 minutes off-peak at most minor stations. During weekday peak services trains are more frequent, while frequency decreases on weekends. [1]

Railways in Sydney

Sydney, the largest city in Australia, has an extensive network of passenger and freight railways. The passenger system includes an extensive suburban railway network, operated by Sydney Trains, a metro network and a light rail network. A dedicated freight network also exists. Future expansion of the light rail network includes the under–construction CBD and South East Light Rail, and the planned Parramatta Light Rail.

Sydney Metropolis in Australia

Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia and Oceania. Located on Australia's east coast, the metropolis surrounds Port Jackson and extends about 70 km (43.5 mi) on its periphery towards the Blue Mountains to the west, Hawkesbury to the north, the Royal National Park to the south and Macarthur to the south-west. Sydney is made up of 658 suburbs, 40 local government areas and 15 contiguous regions. Residents of the city are known as "Sydneysiders". As of June 2017, Sydney's estimated metropolitan population was 5,230,330 and is home to approximately 65% of the state's population.

New South Wales State of Australia

New South Wales is a state on the east coast of Australia. It borders Queensland to the north, Victoria to the south, and South Australia to the west. Its coast borders the Tasman Sea to the east. The Australian Capital Territory is an enclave within the state. New South Wales' state capital is Sydney, which is also Australia's most populous city. In December 2018, the population of New South Wales was over 8 million, making it Australia's most populous state. Just under two-thirds of the state's population, 5.1 million, live in the Greater Sydney area. Inhabitants of New South Wales are referred to as New South Welshmen.

Contents

The network is controlled by Transport for NSW, and is part of its Opal ticketing system. In 2017-18, 359.2 million passenger journeys were made on the network.

Transport for NSW statutory authority of the New South Wales Government

Transport for NSW, sometimes abbreviated to TfNSW, and pronounced as Transport for New South Wales, is a statutory authority of the New South Wales Government that was created on 1 November 2011 to manage the transport services in the state of New South Wales, Australia. It is the leading transport agency of the state. The authority is a separate entity from the New South Wales Department of Transport, the ultimate parent entity of Transport for NSW and a department of the New South Wales Government.

Opal card transport ticketing system in New South Wales, Australia

Opal is a contactless fare collection system for public transport services in the greater Sydney area of New South Wales, Australia. Operation of the Opal system is managed by the New South Wales Government's transport authority, Transport for NSW. First launched in late 2012, Opal is valid on Transport for NSW's bus, rail, light rail and ferry services that operate in Sydney and the neighbouring Central Coast, Hunter Region, Blue Mountains, Illawarra and Southern Highlands areas. Opal equipment was designed from the start to support a variety of cards, but launched with the captive Opal cards.

History

In May 2012 the Minister for Transport announced a restructure of RailCorp, the organisation that owned and managed the metropolitan rail network and operated passenger services throughout New South Wales. [2] [3] [4] [5] Two new organisations were created to take over operation of the services from 1 July 2013. Sydney Trains acquired all suburban services in the Sydney metropolitan area bounded by Berowra, Emu Plains, Macarthur and Waterfall from RailCorp's CityRail division. Intercity and Hunter Line services previously operated by CityRail were taken over by NSW Trains (branded as NSW TrainLink). [6] RailCorp remained as the owner of the network infrastructure. When first created as subsidiaries of RailCorp, Sydney Trains and NSW Trains were not controlled entities of RailCorp, but were instead controlled by Transport for NSW. [7] In July, they ceased to be subsidiaries of RailCorp and became independent standalone agencies in July 2017. [8] [9]

RailCorp

Rail Corporation New South Wales (RailCorp) is an agency of the State of New South Wales, Australia established under the Transport Administration Act 1988 in 2004. It is currently a division under the control of Transport for NSW. It holds rail property assets, rolling stock and rail infrastructure in the Sydney metropolitan area and limited country locations in the state and it makes these assets available to Sydney Trains and NSW TrainLink for their operations. It also manages the NSW Government’s contract with the Airport Link Company. The chief executive of RailCorp is Sydney Trains chief executive Howard Collins.

Berowra railway station railway station in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Berowra railway station is located on the Main Northern line, serving the Sydney suburb of Berowra. It is served by Sydney Trains T1 North Shore Line services, T9 Northern Line services and NSW TrainLink Central Coast & Newcastle Line services.

Emu Plains railway station railway station in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

The Emu Plains railway station is a heritage-listed railway station located on the Main Western line in the western Sydney suburb of Emu Plains in the City of Penrith local government area of New South Wales, Australia. It was designed by the New South Wales Government Railways and built from 1884 to 1907 by M. Reed, et. al. It is also known as Emu Plains Railway Station group. The property is owned by RailCorp, an agency of the Government of New South Wales. It was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999. The station is served by Sydney Trains T1 Western line services and NSW TrainLink Blue Mountains line services.

Network changes

The first expansion of the Sydney suburban network during the Sydney Trains era occurred in 2015 when the South West Rail Link opened between Glenfield and Leppington.

South West Rail Link railway line in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, serving the developing suburbs of south-western Sydney

The South West Rail Link is a railway line serving the developing suburbs of south-western Sydney, Australia. Services form part of the Sydney Trains commuter rail network. It opened on 8 February 2015.

Glenfield railway station, Sydney railway station in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Glenfield Railway station is a junction station serving the Sydney suburb of Glenfield in Australia. It is served by Sydney Trains T8 Airport & South, T2 Inner West & Leppington and T5 Cumberland services, and by limited NSW TrainLink Southern Highlands Line services.

Leppington railway station railway station in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Leppington railway station is the terminus of the South West Rail Link which serves the south-western Sydney suburb of Leppington. It opened on 8 February 2015. A ten road stabling facility is located to the west of the station at Rossmore. There are 850 car park spaces available.

Beginning in 2018, some sections of the network are being transferred to the city’s metro and light rail networks. The line between Chatswood and Epping will form part of Sydney Metro Northwest and closed for conversion in September 2018. [10] The section of line between Sydenham and Bankstown will form part of Sydney Metro City & Southwest. This is due to open in 2024. [11] The section of line between Camellia and Carlingford will form part of the Parramatta Light Rail network. [12] The adjacent section of track between Clyde and Camellia, including Rosehill railway station, will become disused. [13] The light rail is expected to open in 2023. [12]

Sydney Metro rapid transit system in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Sydney Metro is a fully automated rapid transit system located in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Opened in May 2019, it currently consists of a single line with 13 stations and 36 km (22.4 mi) of track. The network is controlled by the Sydney Metro agency, under the umbrella of the New South Wales Government's transport authority Transport for NSW; it is operated by Metro Trains Sydney.

Chatswood railway station Sydney Metro railway station

Chatswood railway station is located on the North Shore line, serving the Sydney suburb of Chatswood. It is served by Sydney Trains T1 North Shore & Western Line, T9 Northern Line services and Sydney Metro Metro North West Line services.

Epping railway station, Sydney Railway station in Sydney

Epping railway station is a railway station in Epping, in the Northern Suburbs and Greater Western regions of Sydney. It is served by Sydney Trains T9 Northern Line, NSW TrainLink Central Coast & Newcastle Line, and Metro North West Line services.

A new rail link has been announced to serve the under-construction Western Sydney Airport. The line will link with the Western Line at St Marys station. [14] The line is the first stage of a proposed "North-South Link" between Schofields and Macarthur. [15] However, this line is likely to be delivered using metro or light metro technology. [16] In addition, a proposed extension to the South West Rail Link would connect Leppington to the Badgerys Creek Aerotropolis interchange south of the Western Sydney Airport. [16]

Western Sydney Airport proposed airport in New South Wales, Australia

Western Sydney International Airport is the site for the second Sydney airport, located within the suburb of Badgerys Creek. The Airport is planned to have 24 hour and curfew-free operations. Construction of Stage 1 of the Airport began on 24 September 2018 and is expected to be complete by December 2026. The site was officially designated by the Federal Government on 15 April 2014, after decades of debate on the location of another airport within the Sydney basin.

Schofields railway station railway station in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Schofields railway station is located on the Richmond line, serving the Sydney suburb of Schofields. It is served by Sydney Trains T1 Western and T5 Cumberland line services.

Macarthur railway station railway station in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Macarthur railway station is located on the Main South line, serving the Sydney suburb of Campbeltown. It is served by Sydney Trains T8 Airport & South and NSW TrainLink Southern Highlands Line services. It is the southern extremity of the electrified Sydney Trains network.

Operations

Sydney Trains railway stations are identified with an orange and white T symbol TfNSW T.svg
Sydney Trains railway stations are identified with an orange and white T symbol

In July 2013 Howard Collins, the former Chief Operating Officer of London Underground, was appointed as Chief Executive of Sydney Trains. In addition to operating suburban train services, Sydney Trains maintains the New South Wales Metropolitan Rail Area, and maintains all but a handful of operational railway stations in the state.

Network

Sydney Trains operates electric suburban lines across metropolitan Sydney.

In conjunction with a new timetable released on 20 October 2013, the Sydney Trains network was reorganised with a new numbering system. The number of lines was reduced from eleven to seven by merging several lines together.

An eighth line was created on 26 November 2017 by splitting the T2 line into two separate lines. T5 services were also modified to no longer travel to and from Campbelltown, instead starting and terminating at Leppington. [17]

From 28 April 2019, the T1 line from Gordon to Hornsby via Strathfield was renumbered T9, whilst the portion from Berowra to Richmond & Emu Plains via Chatswood and Parramatta remained T1. T9 is red in colour. [18]

Line colour, number and nameBetween
T1
North Shore & Western Line

Berowra and Emu Plains or Richmond.

T2
Inner West & Leppington Line

City Circle and Parramatta or Leppington via Granville.

T3
Bankstown Line City Circle and Liverpool or Lidcombe via Bankstown and Sydenham.
T4
Eastern Suburbs & Illawarra Line Bondi Junction and Waterfall or Cronulla via Central.
T5
Cumberland Line Schofields and Leppington. Limited services continue from Schofields to Richmond.
T6
Carlingford Line Clyde and Carlingford.
T7
Olympic Park Line Lidcombe and Olympic Park. Some services operate between Central and Olympic Park, particularly during special events.
T8
Airport & South Line City Circle and Macarthur via Revesby and either Sydenham (peak) or Airport
T9
Northern Line Hornsby and Gordon via Strathfield and City

The main hub of the Sydney Trains system is Central station, which most lines pass through. Central is also the terminus of most NSW TrainLink lines. After leaving Central, trains coming from the T2 Inner West & Leppington Line, T3 Bankstown Line and T8 Airport & South Line then travel through the City Circle - a ring line beneath the Sydney central business district. After completing the City Circle, these trains pass through Central for a second time and return to the suburbs. The T1 North Shore & Western, T4 Eastern Suburbs & Illawarra and T9 Northern lines pass through the central business district and continue on to other areas of Sydney. The T5 Cumberland Line serves Western Sydney and provides access to the major centre of Parramatta from the south west of the city without requiring a change of trains at Granville. The T6 Carlingford Line and T7 Olympic Park Line are suburban shuttle services.

NightRide

NightRide bus services established in 1989, replace trains between midnight and 4:30am, leaving the tracks clear of trains for maintenance work. Such bus services mainly stop near stations operating typically at hourly intervals (some routes depart more frequently on weekends). Many services depart the city from bus stops near Town Hall station. [19] NightRide services are contracted to external bus operators and are identified by route numbers beginning with "N".

Fleet

Sydney Trains operates a fleet of double deck electric multiple units. The trainsets are divided into the following classes:

Sydney Trains fleet
ClassCarriagesEntered ServiceFormationRoutes
K sets 1601981-854 cars
T2
T3
T8
C sets 561986-874 cars
T2
T3
T8
T sets 4471988-954 cars
T1
T4
T9
M sets 1402002-054 cars
T2
T3
T5
T6
T8
H sets 2202006-124 cars
T1
T4
T9
A sets 6262011-148 cars
T1
T2
T3
T5
T7
T8
T9
B sets 1922018-198 cars
T2
T3
T7
T8

Though primarily operated by NSW TrainLink, some H sets are also used on suburban services, and with the delivery of the New Intercity Fleet for operations on regional NSW TrainLink lines in 2019, most of the sets will be transferred to suburban services. The oldest sets in the fleet, the S sets, were all pulled out of service and scrapped with the delivery of 24 B sets, which was completed in June 2019.

All Sydney Trains A, B and M sets are maintained by Downer Rail. Their contract for the Millenium trains (M sets) was extended by 10 years from June 2017. [20] All other types of trains including NSW TrainLink intercity V and H sets are maintained by UGL Unipart. The contract with UGL Unipart was extended for two years from 1 July 2019. [21]

The Sydney Trains network is divided into three sectors, based around three maintenance depots. [22] Trainsets are identified by target plates, which are exhibited on the front lower nearside of driving carriages. [23] Each target plate includes the letter of the class the set belongs to and the number of the individual set. Waratahs do not have a target plate, but instead, have the information written directly on the front of the train. The composition and formations of train sets and the target designations are subject to alteration. NSW TrainLink H sets carry green target plates.

Sydney Trains maintenance sectors
Sector #DepotServiced linesTarget plateSets being
maintained
1 Mortdale T4 Eastern Suburbs & Illawarra line, Intercity services on the South Coast line.Red T, H
2 Flemington T2 Inner West & Leppington, T3 Bankstown, T5 Cumberland, T6 Carlingford, T7 Olympic Park and T8 Airport & South lines,
Intercity services on Blue Mountains & Central Coast lines (V sets only).
Blue K, C, V
3 Hornsby T1 North Shore & Western and T9 Northern lines, Intercity services on the Central Coast line (H sets only)BlackK, T, H
N/A Auburn Maintrain UGL Unipart carry out maintenance at the various depots to which the trains are allocated but major work may be carried out at Auburn Maintrain.N/AAll except A, B and M
N/A Auburn All A, B and M sets are stabled at the depot for the sector in which they operate but are maintained at Auburn by Downer Rail.N/A A, B, M

Patronage

The following table lists patronage figures for the network during the corresponding financial year. Australia's financial years start on 1 July and end on 30 June. Major events that affected the number of journeys made or how patronage is measured are included as notes.

Sydney Trains patronage by financial year
Year2013-142014-152015-162016-172017-18
Patronage
(millions)
282.2
[lower-alpha 1]
291.9
[lower-alpha 2]
322340.7
[lower-alpha 3]
359.2
References [24] [25] [26] [27]
Sydney Trains
  1. Opal rollout completed in March 2014.
  2. South West Rail Link opened in February 2015.
  3. Non-Opal tickets were discontinued in August 2016.
2017-18 Sydney Trains patronage by line [n.b. 1] [28]
T1
142853000
Sydney Trains
T2

(new)
33301000
T3
28178000
T4
67935000
T5
6677000
T6
529000
T7
1664000
T8
26415000
T2

(old)
37891000
2017-18 patronage of Transport for NSW's Sydney services by mode [29]
Sydney Trains
  1. Figures based on Opal tap on and tap off data.
    = T2 Airport, Inner West & South Line was split into the T2 Inner West & Leppington Line and T8 Airport & South Line in November 2017

Ticketing and costs

Sydney Trains currently uses the Opal card ticketing system which was introduced to the network in April 2014. [30] The fare system is fully integrated with the NSW TrainLink Intercity network - trips involving both suburban and intercity services are calculated as a single fare and there is no interchange penalty. Students who use the Sydney Trains network to get to and from schools can apply for a free school Opal card. Opal is also valid on bus, ferry, and light rail services but separate fares apply for these modes. The following table lists Opal fares for reusable smartcards and single trip tickets: [31]

Metro or train
as of 24 June 2019
0–10 km10–20 km20–35 km35–65 km65 km+
Adult cards (peak)$3.61$4.48$5.15$6.89$8.86
Adult cards (off-peak)$2.52$3.13$3.60$4.82$6.20
Other cards (peak)$1.80$2.24$2.57^$3.44^$4.43^
Other cards (off-peak)$1.26$1.56$1.79$2.20$3.10^
Adult single trip$4.50$5.60$6.40$8.40$10.80
Child/Youth single trip$2.20$2.80$3.20$4.20$5.40

^ = $2.50 for Senior/Pensioner cardholders

A surcharge is levied when using the two privately operated stations serving Sydney Airport:

Airport station access fee [32]
as of 2 July 2018
Adult cardsOther cards
Domestic or International Airport to/from all other stations$14.30$12.80
Domestic or International Airport to/from Green Square $8.40$8.40
Domestic or International Airport to/from Mascot $6.00$6.00
Domestic to/from International$2.00$2.00

As there are no return or periodical options available, reusable Opal cards include a number of caps to reduce the cost for frequent travellers:

Fare caps [33] [34] [35]
as of 24 June 2019
Adult cardsOther concession
cards
Senior/Pensioner
cards
Daily Mon-Sat$16.10$8.00$2.50
Sunday$2.80$2.80$2.50
Weekly$50.00$25.00$17.50
Weekly Airport
Station Access Fee
$29.00$26.00$26.00

The previous ticketing system was introduced in 1992 and was based on magnetic stripe technology. It was shut down on 1 August 2016. [36]

See also

Related Research Articles

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Sydney Trains M set class of electric multiple unit operating in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

The Sydney Trains M sets or Millennium trains are a class of electric multiple unit operated by Sydney Trains in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. The fourth generation trains entered service from 1 July 2002 after short delays due to electrical defects. The trains can operate over the entire suburban network, but currently only operate on T2 Inner West & Leppington, T3 Bankstown, T5 Cumberland, T6 Carlingford, T7 Olympic Park and T8 Airport & South lines.

Airport & South Line rail service in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

The Airport & South Line is a suburban commuter rail line in Sydney, Australia. It connects the Sydney central business district with the southwestern suburbs via Sydney Airport. The line is part of the Sydney Trains network. The line began operating on 26 November 2017, when the T2 Airport, Inner West & South Line was split in two. Sydney Trains' predecessor CityRail operated the Airport & East Hills line over an identical route between 2000 and 2013.

Bankstown Line rail service in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

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Cumberland Line rail service in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

The Cumberland Line is a commuter rail line operated by Sydney Trains in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. It connects Schofields and Leppington stations in the western suburbs. Limited services extend from Schofields to Richmond. The line opened in 1996, following the construction of a 'Y-link' track between Harris Park and Merrylands stations. The intention of this link was to allow direct services to operate from the south west suburbs to Parramatta and Blacktown without requiring a change of trains at Granville. The line takes its name from the Cumberland Plain on which much of Western Sydney was built.

Public transport in Sydney public transport network of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

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Buses in Sydney

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Edmondson Park railway station railway station in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

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Sydney Trains A & B sets classes of electric multiple unit operating in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

The Sydney Trains A & B sets both also known as Waratah are classes of electric multiple unit trains operated by Sydney Trains in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. The trains were named Waratah by the New South Wales Government after the flower of the same name, which is the state's floral emblem.

NSW TrainLink operator of passenger rail services in New South Wales (exclusive of the Sydney suburban network)

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North Shore & Western Line rail service in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

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Inner West & Leppington Line rail service in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

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Olympic Park railway line

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Metro Trains Sydney Pty Ltd (MTS) is the operator of the Metro North West Line, which runs along the Sydney Metro Northwest. It is a joint venture between MTR Corporation (60%), John Holland (20%) and UGL Rail (20%) formed in September 2014. It operates the network with a fleet of 22 Alstom Metropolis trains under a 15-year contract.

The 2010s have seen many developments relating to transport in the Australian city of Sydney, New South Wales. The decade has seen a substantial investment in infrastructure, including a new airport, motorway projects, light rail lines, Australia's first metro system, the new Waratah fleet and the demise of the non-air conditioned S sets from the rail network. Planning and branding of public transport services has become substantially more centralised.

References

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  4. Corporate Plan 2012/13 RailCorp
  5. 700 jobs to go as RailCorp gets the axe Daily Telegraph 16 November 2012
  6. About the Reform Sydney Trains
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  17. "More Trains, More Services for South Western Sydney" (PDF). Transport for NSW. Government of New South Wales. 27 February 2017. Retrieved 27 February 2017.
  18. O'Sullivan, Matt (21 February 2019). "A New Red Line Through Sydney's Rail Map". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 21 February 2019.
  19. Section, Transport for NSW, Customer Experience Division, Customer Service Branch, Customer Information Services. "Late night services". transportnsw.info. Retrieved 14 April 2018.
  20. Millenium maintenance contract extension Downer Rail] 28 February 2017
  21. UGL secures $277M extension with Sydney Trains UGL 31 January 2019
  22. "Train Fleet Maintenance". CityRail. 1 June 2006. Archived from the original on 13 March 2008. Retrieved 18 May 2008.
  23. Department of Railways, New South Wales: Working of Electric Trains, 1965
  24. "Transport for NSW Annual Report 2014-15" (PDF). Transport for NSW. p. 131. Retrieved 1 August 2016.
  25. "Sydney Trains 2015-16 Annual Report Volume 1" (PDF). Sydney Trains. p. 3. Archived from the original (pdf) on 10 May 2017. Retrieved 18 November 2016.Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  26. "Sydney Trains Annual Report 2016-17" (PDF). Transport for NSW. p. 4. Retrieved 24 November 2017.
  27. "Sydney Trains Annual Report 2017-18" (PDF). Sydney Trains. p. 4. Retrieved 2 December 2018.
  28. "Train Patronage - Monthly Figures". Transport for NSW. Retrieved 14 September 2018.
  29. See Transport for NSW patronage in Sydney by mode for sources
  30. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 3 March 2014. Retrieved 28 March 2014.Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  31. "Opal fares". transportnsw.info. Transport for NSW. Retrieved 22 June 2019.
  32. "Sydney Airport Station access fee". opal.com.au. Transport for NSW. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
  33. "Opal benefits". opal.com.au. Transport for NSW. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
  34. "Airport station access fee". opal.com.au. Transport for NSW. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
  35. Opal fare changes from 24 June Transport for NSW 21 June 2019
  36. "No more paper tickets | NSW Government | Opal". www.opal.com.au. Retrieved 20 July 2016.

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