Sydney Trains

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Sydney Trains
Sydney Trains logo.svg
A32 approaching Flemington (cropped).jpg
A set at Flemington in August 2017
Overview
Owner Transport for NSW
Locale Sydney
Transit type Suburban rail
Number of lines8
Number of stations 176
Annual ridership359.2 million (2017–2018)
Website Transport Info
Operation
Began operation1 July 2013
Technical
System length815 km (506 mi) [1]
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification 1500 V (DC) overhead line

Sydney Trains is the suburban passenger rail network serving the city of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. The network is a hybrid suburban-commuter rail system with a central underground core that covers over 815 km (506 mi) of track and 178 stations over eight lines. It has metro-equivalent train frequencies of every three minutes or better in the underground core, 5–10 minutes at most major stations all day and 15 minutes at most minor stations all day. During weekend services trains are less frequent with headways of upwards of a half-hour on outer stations with frequencies of less than 10 minutes in the underground core. [2]

Railways in Sydney

Sydney, the largest city in Australia, has an extensive network of passenger and freight railways. The passenger system mainly consists of an extensive suburban railway network, operated by Sydney Trains, which has a central underground core running at metro-equivalent frequencies, and a light rail network, currently consisting of the Dulwich Hill Line. The Dulwich Hill Line, also called the Inner West Light Rail, mostly runs on a formerly disused alignment that was a part of the separate network of freight lines. Future expansion of the light rail network includes the under–construction CBD and South East Light Rail, and the planned Parramatta Light Rail. Sydney Metro, a rapid transit system, will open in mid 2019.

Sydney City in New South Wales, Australia

Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia and Oceania. Located on Australia's east coast, the metropolis surrounds Port Jackson and extends about 70 km (43.5 mi) on its periphery towards the Blue Mountains to the west, Hawkesbury to the north, the Royal National Park to the south and Macarthur to the south-west. Sydney is made up of 658 suburbs, 40 local government areas and 15 contiguous regions. Residents of the city are known as "Sydneysiders". As of June 2017, Sydney's estimated metropolitan population was 5,131,326, and is home to approximately 65% of the state's population.

New South Wales State of Australia

New South Wales is a state on the east coast of Australia. It borders Queensland to the north, Victoria to the south, and South Australia to the west. Its coast borders the Tasman Sea to the east. The Australian Capital Territory is an enclave within the state. New South Wales' state capital is Sydney, which is also Australia's most populous city. In March 2018, the population of New South Wales was over 7.9 million, making it Australia's most populous state. Just under two-thirds of the state's population, 5.1 million, live in the Greater Sydney area. Inhabitants of New South Wales are referred to as New South Welshmen.

Contents

The network is controlled by the New South Wales Government's transport authority, Transport for NSW, and is part of the authority's Opal ticketing system. In 2017-18, 359.2 million passenger journeys were made on the network.

Transport for NSW statutory authority of the New South Wales Government

Transport for NSW, sometimes abbreviated to TfNSW, and pronounced as Transport for New South Wales, is a statutory authority of the New South Wales Government that was created on 1 November 2011 to manage the transport services in the state of New South Wales, Australia. It is the leading transport agency of the state. The authority is a separate entity from the New South Wales Department of Transport, the ultimate parent entity of Transport for NSW

History

In May 2012 the Minister for Transport announced a restructure of RailCorp, the organisation that owned and managed the metropolitan rail network and operated passenger services throughout the New South Wales. [3] [4] [5] [6] Two new organisations were created to take over operation of the services from 1 July 2013. Sydney Trains acquired all suburban services in the Sydney metropolitan area bounded by Berowra, Emu Plains, Macarthur and Waterfall from RailCorp's CityRail division. Intercity and Hunter Line services previously operated by CityRail were taken over by NSW Trains (branded as NSW TrainLink). [7] RailCorp remained as the owner of the network infrastructure. When first created as subsidiaries of RailCorp, Sydney Trains and NSW Trains were not controlled entities of RailCorp, but were instead controlled by Transport for NSW. [8] In July, they ceased to be subsidiaries of RailCorp and became independent standalone agencies in July 2017. [9] [10]

Minister for Transport (New South Wales) cabinet position in New South Wales

The New South Wales Minister for Transport and Infrastructure is a minister in the Government of New South Wales who has responsibilities which include bus and ferry policy, contracting and regulation, rail policy, fares and concessions, and taxi and hire car policy and regulation in New South Wales, Australia.

RailCorp

Rail Corporation New South Wales (RailCorp) is an agency of the State of New South Wales, Australia established under the Transport Administration Act 1988 in 2004. It is currently a division under the control of Transport for NSW. It holds rail property assets, rolling stock and rail infrastructure in the Sydney metropolitan area and limited country locations in the state and it makes these assets available to Sydney Trains and NSW TrainLink for their operations. It also manages the NSW Government’s contract with the Airport Link Company. The chief executive of RailCorp is Sydney Trains chief executive Howard Collins.

Berowra railway station railway station in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Berowra railway station is located on the Main Northern line, serving the Sydney suburb of Berowra. It is served by Sydney Trains T1 North Shore Line services and NSW TrainLink Central Coast & Newcastle Line services.

Network changes

The first expansion of the Sydney suburban network during the Sydney Trains era occurred in 2015 when the South West Rail Link opened between Glenfield and Leppington.

South West Rail Link railway line in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, serving the developing suburbs of south-western Sydney

The South West Rail Link is a railway line serving the developing suburbs of south-western Sydney, Australia. Services form part of the Sydney Trains commuter rail network. It opened on 8 February 2015.

Glenfield railway station, Sydney railway station in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Glenfield Railway station is a junction station serving the Sydney suburb of Glenfield in Australia. It is served by Sydney Trains T8 Airport & South, T2 Inner West & Leppington and T5 Cumberland services, and by limited NSW TrainLink Southern Highlands Line services.

Leppington railway station railway station in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Leppington railway station is the terminus of the South West Rail Link which serves the south-western Sydney suburb of Leppington. It opened on 8 February 2015. A ten road stabling facility is located to the west of the station at Rossmore. There are 850 car park spaces available.

Beginning in 2018, some sections of the network are being transferred to the city’s metro and light rail networks. The line between Chatswood and Epping will form part of Sydney Metro Northwest and closed for conversion in September 2018. [11] The section of line between Sydenham and Bankstown will form part of Sydney Metro City & Southwest. This is due to open in 2024. [12] The section of line between Camellia and Carlingford will form part of the Parramatta Light Rail network. [13] The adjacent section of track between Clyde and Camellia, including Rosehill railway station, will become disused. [14] The light rail is expected to open in 2023. [13]

Sydney Metro rapid transit system in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Sydney Metro is a future automated rapid transit system in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Sydney will be the first Australian city to build a metro system. The network will be controlled by Sydney Metro which was established in July 2018 and is an operating agency owned by the NSW Government. It has been announced that Jon Lamonte will be the Chief Executive of Sydney Metro, which will be part of Transport for NSW's Opal ticketing system.

Chatswood railway station railway station in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Chatswood railway station is located on the North Shore line, serving the Sydney suburb of Chatswood. It is served by Sydney Trains T1 North Shore & Northern line services.

Epping railway station, Sydney railway station in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Epping railway station is located on the Main Northern and Sydney Metro Northwest lines, serving the Sydney suburb of Epping. It is served by Sydney Trains T1 Northern and NSW TrainLink Central Coast & Newcastle Line services.

A new rail link has been announced to serve the under-construction Western Sydney Airport. The line will link with the Western Line at St Marys station. [15] The line is the first stage of a proposed "North-South Link" between Schofields and Macarthur. [16] However, this line is likely to be delivered using metro or light metro technology. [17] In addition, a proposed extension to the South West Rail Link would connect Leppington to the Badgerys Creek Aerotropolis interchange south of the Western Sydney Airport. [17]

Western Sydney Airport

The Western Sydney Airport is a site for the second Sydney airport, located within the suburb of Badgerys Creek. The Airport is planned to have 24 hour and curfew-free operations. Construction of Stage 1 of the Airport began on 24 September 2018 and is expected to be complete by December 2026. The site was officially designated by the Federal Government on 15 April 2014, after decades of debate on the location of another airport within the Sydney basin.

North Shore, Northern & Western Line rail service in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

The North Shore, Northern & Western Line is a commuter rail line operated by Sydney Trains in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. It serves the North Shore, Northern Suburbs and parts of the Inner West and Western Suburbs.

Schofields railway station railway station in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Schofields railway station is located on the Richmond line, serving the Sydney suburb of Schofields. It is served by Sydney Trains T1 Western and T5 Cumberland line services.

Operations

Sydney Trains railway stations are identified with an orange and white T symbol TfNSW T.svg
Sydney Trains railway stations are identified with an orange and white T symbol

In July 2013 Howard Collins, the former Chief Operating Officer of London Underground, was appointed as Chief Executive of Sydney Trains. In addition to operating suburban train services, Sydney Trains maintains the New South Wales Metropolitan Rail Area, and maintains all but a handful of operational railway stations in the state.

Network

Sydney Trains operates eight suburban lines across metropolitan Sydney.

In conjunction with a new timetable released on 20 October 2013, the Sydney Trains network was reorganised with a new numbering system. The number of lines was reduced from eleven to seven by merging several lines together.

An eighth line was created on 26 November 2017 by splitting the T2 line into two separate lines. T5 services were also modified to no longer travel to and from Campbelltown, instead starting and terminating at Leppington. [18]

From 28 April 2019, the T1 line from Gordon to Hornsby via Strathfield will be renumbered T9, whilst the portion from Berowra to Richmond & Emu Plains via Chatswood and Parramatta will remain T1. The new line will be red in colour. [19]

Line colour, number and nameBetween
T1
North Shore, Northern & Western Line

Berowra and Emu Plains, Richmond or Hornsby via Central.

T2
Inner West & Leppington Line

City Circle and Parramatta or Leppington via Granville.

T3
Bankstown Line City Circle and Liverpool or Lidcombe via Bankstown and Sydenham.
T4
Eastern Suburbs & Illawarra Line Bondi Junction and Waterfall or Cronulla via Central.
T5
Cumberland Line Schofields and Leppington. Limited services continue from Schofields to Richmond.
T6
Carlingford Line Clyde and Carlingford.
T7
Olympic Park Line Lidcombe and Olympic Park. Some services operate between Central and Olympic Park, particularly during special events.
T8
Airport & South Line City Circle and Macarthur via Revesby and either Sydenham (peak) or Airport

The main hub of the Sydney Trains system is Central station, which most lines pass through. Central is also the terminus of most NSW TrainLink lines. After leaving Central, trains coming from the T2 Inner West & Leppington Line, T3 Bankstown Line and T8 Airport & South Line then travel through the City Circle - a ring line beneath the Sydney central business district. After completing the City Circle, these trains pass through Central for a second time and return to the suburbs. The T1 North Shore, Northern & Western Line and T4 Eastern Suburbs & Illawarra Line pass through the central business district and continue on to other areas of Sydney. The T5 Cumberland Line serves Western Sydney and provides access to the major centre of Parramatta from the south west of the city without requiring a change of trains at Granville. The T6 Carlingford Line and T7 Olympic Park Line are suburban shuttle services.

NightRide

NightRide bus services established in 1989, replace trains between midnight and 4:30am, leaving the tracks clear of trains for maintenance work. Such bus services mainly stop near stations operating typically at hourly intervals (some routes depart more frequently on weekends). Many services depart the city from bus stops near Town Hall station. [20] NightRide services are contracted to external bus operators and are identified by route numbers beginning with "N".

Fleet

Sydney Trains operates a fleet of double deck electric multiple units. The trainsets are divided into the following classes:

Sydney Trains fleet
ClassCarriagesServiceFormationRoutes
S sets 1921972–804 cars
T2
T3
T6
T7
T8
K sets 1601981-854 cars
T2
T3
T8
C sets 561986-874 cars
T2
T3
T8
T sets 4471988-954 cars
T1
T4
M sets 1402002-054 cars
T2
T3
T5
T6
T8
A sets 6262011-148 cars
T1
T2
T3
T5
T7
T8
B sets 1922018-198 cars
T2
T3
T8

Though primarily operated by NSW TrainLink, some H sets are also used on suburban services. Sydney Trains is also taking delivery of 24 eight-carriage series 2 Waratah trains, which are similar to the original A sets. [21] It also maintains intercity trains for NSW TrainLink. [22]

The Sydney Trains network is divided into three sectors, based around three maintenance depots. [23] Trainsets are identified by target plates, which are exhibited on the front lower nearside of driving carriages. [24] Each target plate includes the letter of the class the set belongs to and the number of the individual set. Waratahs do not have a target plate, but instead, have the information written directly on the front of the train. The composition and formations of train sets and the target designations are subject to alteration.

Sydney Trains maintenance sectors
Sector #DepotServiced linesTarget plateFleet
1 Mortdale T4 Eastern Suburbs Illawarra Line.Red T
2 Flemington T2 Inner West & Leppington, T3 Bankstown, T6 Carlingford, T7 Olympic Park and T8 Airport & South lines, Intercity Services on Blue Mountains & Central Coast lines (V sets only).Blue S, K, C, V
3 Hornsby T1 North Shore, Northern & Western line.BlackT
N/A Eveleigh South Coast Line, Central Coast and Newcastle Line.Green H
N/A Auburn T1 North Shore, Northern & Western (A sets only), T2 Inner West & Leppington, T3 Bankstown, T5 Cumberland (A and M Sets), T6 Carlingford (M sets only), T7 Olympic Park (A sets only), T8 Airport & South lines.N/A A, B, M

Patronage

The following table lists patronage figures for the network during the corresponding financial year. Australia's financial years start on 1 July and end on 30 June. Major events that affected the number of journeys made or how patronage is measured are included as notes.

Sydney Trains patronage by financial year
Year2013-142014-152015-162016-172017-18
Patronage
(millions)
282.2
[lower-alpha 1]
291.9
[lower-alpha 2]
322340.7
[lower-alpha 3]
359.2
References [25] [26] [27] [28]
Sydney Trains
  1. Opal rollout completed in March 2014.
  2. South West Rail Link opened in February 2015.
  3. Non-Opal tickets were discontinued in August 2016.
2017-18 Sydney Trains patronage by line [n.b. 1] [29]
T1
142853000
Sydney Trains
T2

(new)
33301000
T3
28178000
T4
67935000
T5
6677000
T6
529000
T7
1664000
T8
26415000
T2

(old)
37891000
2017-18 patronage of Transport for NSW's Sydney services by mode [30]
Sydney Trains
  1. Figures based on Opal tap on and tap off data.
    = T2 Airport, Inner West & South Line was split into the T2 Inner West & Leppington Line and T8 Airport & South Line in November 2017

Ticketing and costs

Sydney Trains currently uses the Opal card ticketing system which was introduced to the network in April 2014. [31] The fare system is fully integrated with the NSW TrainLink Intercity network - trips involving both suburban and intercity services are calculated as a single fare and there is no interchange penalty. Opal is also valid on bus, ferry, and light rail services but separate fares apply for these modes. The following table lists Opal fares for reusable smartcards and single trip tickets as of 2 July 2018: [32]

Train0–10 km10–20 km20–35 km35–65 km65 km+
Adult cards (peak)$3.54$4.40$5.05$6.76$8.69
Adult cards (off-peak)$2.47$3.08$3.53$4.73$6.08
Other cards (peak)$1.77$2.20$2.52^$3.38^$4.34^
Other cards (off-peak)$1.23$1.54$1.76$2.36$3.03^
Adult single trip$4.40$5.40$6.20$8.20$10.60
Child/Youth single trip$2.20$2.70$3.10$4.10$5.30

^ = $2.50 for Senior/Pensioner cardholders

A surcharge is levied when using the two privately operated stations serving Sydney Airport:

Airport station access fee [33] Adult cardsOther cards
Domestic or International Airport to/from all other stations$14.30$12.80
Domestic or International Airport to/from Green Square $8.40$8.40
Domestic or International Airport to/from Mascot $6.00$6.00
Domestic to/from International$2.00$2.00

As there are no return or periodical options available, reusable Opal cards include a number of caps to reduce the cost for frequent travellers:

Fare caps [34] [35] Adult cardsOther concession
cards
Senior/Pensioner
cards
Daily Mon-Sat$15.80$7.90$2.50
Sunday$2.70$2.70$2.50
Weekly$63.20$31.60$17.50
Weekly Airport
Station Access Fee
$29.00$26.00$26.00

The previous ticketing system was introduced in 1992 and was based on magnetic stripe technology. It was shut down on 1 August 2016. [36]

Unlike the ticketing systems of other cities in Australia, most of Sydney Trains' ticket prices are calculated on the distance travelled, and were found to be inexpensive by world standards as at December 2003. [37] However, in October 2012, a report published by PricewaterhouseCoopers found the rail system performed poorly compared to many metro services from 27 other major world cities. Sydney was ranked as the fourth-worst public train system, beating only Los Angeles, São Paulo and Johannesburg for operation efficiency and coverage, while being proven to have the most expensive tickets of any major city public transport system. An update to the same Cities of Opportunity report in 2014 - after the rollout of the Opal card - has shown a drop to the second most expensive system after London.

See also

Related Research Articles

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Sydney Trains M set class of electric multiple unit operating in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

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Lidcombe railway station railway station in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

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Minto railway station railway station in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

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Ashfield railway station, Sydney railway station in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

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The 2010s have seen many developments relating to transport in the Australian city of Sydney, New South Wales. The decade has seen a substantial investment in infrastructure, including a new airport, motorway projects, light rail lines and Australia's first and only metro system. Planning and branding of public transport services has become substantially more centralised.

References

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  30. See Transport for NSW patronage in Sydney by mode for sources
  31. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 3 March 2014. Retrieved 28 March 2014.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  32. "Opal fares". opal.com.au. Transport for NSW. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
  33. "Sydney Airport Station access fee". opal.com.au. Transport for NSW. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
  34. "Opal benefits". opal.com.au. Transport for NSW. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
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