Northern Line (Sydney)

Last updated

Northern Line
TfNSW T9.svg
Cheltenham Station 050a.jpg
Overview
Service type Commuter rail service
StatusActive
Locale Sydney
Current operator(s) Sydney Trains
Route
Line(s) used
Technical
Rolling stock T, H, A and B sets
Timetable number(s)T9

The Northern Line (numbered T9, coloured red) is a commuter rail line operated by Sydney Trains in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. It serves some of Sydney's Inner West and Northern suburbs. It was spun off from the old T1 North Shore, Northern & Western Line as a separate line in April 2019, to distinguish and make it more easily identified from the other T1 services. It is also a reincarnation of the older Northern Line which was under operation until 2013.

Contents

History

Diagram of the Northern Line prior to 2009 CityRail NorthernLine.png
Diagram of the Northern Line prior to 2009

Original incarnation (until 2013)

The traditional Northern Line was the suburban portion of the Main North railway line (Strathfield - Hornsby) which opened in 1886 and was electrified in 1926. [1] When the Sydney Harbour Bridge was opened, it connected railway services from the Main North line and the City underground onto the North Shore line.

Passenger services used to operate as the Main North Line (same name as the physical railway line) and was colour coded red on railway maps. It operated all the way to Cowan, until the service was truncated to Berowra in January 1992. [2] [3] The service, along with the North Shore Line service (yellow), later also ran along the North Shore railway line towards the City via the Harbour Bridge, forming a continuous loop via Strathfield, Epping and back to Hornsby. [4]

Diagram of the Northern Line between 2009 and 2013. The line is marked in red. ECRL Stateplan.png
Diagram of the Northern Line between 2009 and 2013. The line is marked in red.

In later years, the line operated as the Northern Line and ran from Hornsby to North Sydney via Strathfield and the City, with the North Shore line replacing services between Hornsby and Berowra. In February 2009, the Epping to Chatswood rail link was opened. In October 2009, the Northern Line service was integrated with the shuttle service between Epping and Chatswood. As a result, the traditional Northern Line was split in two, with trains from north of Epping operating via the new link, approaching the city via the North Shore Line and rejoining the traditional route before terminating at Epping.

Part of T1 (2013 to 2019)

In October 2013, the Northern Line, North Shore Line and Western line were merged to form the T1 North Shore, Northern & Western Line, which was colour coded yellow.

On weekdays, trains from the upper Northern Line (Hornsby via Macquarie University) joined up with the Western Line trains towards Richmond or Emu Plains, while trains from the lower Northern Line (Epping via Strathfield) joined up with the North Shore Line trains towards Hornsby or Berowra. On weekends, trains ran similar to prior to merger, where the lower Northern Line trains from Epping continue onto the upper Northern Line trains at Chatswood into Hornsby via Macquarie University.

In September 2018, the Epping to Chatswood line closed in order to be converted to metro standards as part of the Sydney Metro Northwest project. As a result, the traditional Northern line branch from Hornsby to Central via Strathfield was reinstated. [5]

Reincarnation (since 2019)

On 28 April 2019, as part of the integration with the Sydney Metro Northwest, the Northern Line branch was spin-off from the T1 Line and became a separate T9 Northern Line, though using the same rolling stock. [6] [7] The new line runs from Hornsby to Hornsby or Berowra (loop) via Epping, Strathfield, Central, Chatswood and Gordon. Officially (published and used by the Sydney Trains network), the line "terminates" at Gordon, but most services continue on the upper-North Shore, to Hornsby and Berowra. The separated line runs a similar route to the pre-2009 incarnation of the line. It is also similarly colour coded red.

Route

The line begins at Hornsby - a junction station with the North Shore Line. The line heads south to Strathfield via Epping using the Main North Line, crossing the Parramatta River between Rhodes and Meadowbank. At Strathfield, trains usually head onto a flyover over the 'Main lines', before heading east onto the Main Suburban Railway, usually using the middle 'Suburban' pair of the six tracks between Redfern and Strathfield. Trains pass through Redfern and Central, then through the western limb of the City Circle before heading across the Harbour Bridge. Then trains continue north along the North Shore before "terminating" at Gordon (although most services continue onto Hornsby). During the morning peak, trains travel in the following pattern:

Trains travel in the same manner during the afternoon peak in the opposite direction.

T9 stations
NameDistance from
Central
[1] [8] [9] [10]
Opened
[1] [8] [9] [10]
Railway lineServing suburbsOther lines
Gordon 17.1 km1890 North Shore Gordon
T1
Killara 15.9 km1899Killara, East Killara
T1
Lindfield 14.6 km1890Lindfield, East Lindfield
T1
Roseville 13.3 km1890Roseville
T1
Chatswood 11.7 km1890Chatswood
T1
M
Artarmon 10.3 km1898Artarmon
T1
St Leonards 8.4 km1890St Leonards, Naremburn,
Crows Nest, Greenwich, Artarmon
T1
Wollstonecraft 7.2 km1893Wollstonecraft, Greenwich
T1
Waverton 6.1 km1893Waverton
T1
North Sydney 5.1 km1932North Sydney
T1
Milsons Point 4.4 km1932Milsons Point, Kirribilli
T1
Wynyard 2.1 km1932Sydney CBD, Barangaroo
T1
T2
T3
T8
Town Hall 1.2 km1932Sydney CBD
T1
T2
T3
T4
T8
Central 0 km1855Haymarket, Chippendale,
Ultimo, Surry Hills
T1
T2
T3
T4
T8
Redfern 1.3 km1878 Main Suburban Redfern, Waterloo,
Darlington, Eveleigh
T1
T2
T3
T4
T8

(T8 peak hours only)
Burwood 10.6 km1855Burwood
T2
Strathfield 11.8 km1876Strathfield, Burwood
T1
T2
North Strathfield 13.4 km1918Main NorthNorth Strathfield, Concord West,
Concord, Homebush
none
Concord West 14.5 km1887Concord West, Liberty Grove, Concord
Rhodes 16.6 km1886Rhodes, Liberty Grove
Meadowbank 18.2 km1887Meadowbank,
West Ryde, Ryde
West Ryde 19.2 km1886West Ryde, Denistone
Denistone 20.2 km1937Denistone, Denistone East,
Denistone West, West Ryde
Eastwood 21.4 km1886Eastwood
Epping 23.4 km1886Epping
M
Cheltenham 26.8 km1898Cheltenhamnone
Beecroft 28.3 km1886Beecroft
Pennant Hills 30 km1886Pennant Hills
Thornleigh 30.8 km1886Thornleigh, Pennant Hills, Westleigh
Normanhurst 33.1 km1895Normanhurst, Thornleigh, Hornsby
Hornsby 35.3 km1886Hornsby, Waitara
T1

Patronage

The following table shows the patronage of Sydney Trains network for the year ending 30 June 2022.

2021–22 Sydney Trains patronage by line [n.b. 1] [11]
T1
41980000
T2
23077000
T3
11198000
T4
27775000
T5
3503000
T7
605000
T8
16879000
T9
10415000
  1. Figures based on Opal tap on and tap off data.

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References

  1. 1 2 3 "Main North Line". NSWrail.net. Retrieved 29 April 2019.
  2. "Historical Map: Sydney Rail Network, Early 1980s". Transit Maps. 5 July 2014. Retrieved 29 April 2019.
  3. "CityRail launches new timetable" Railway Digest February 1992 page 45
  4. "Historical Map: Sydney CityRail Network Map, 1992". Transit Maps. 3 May 2012. Retrieved 29 April 2019.
  5. "Station Link bus services to connect customers during Metro upgrade". NSW Transport Info. 7 April 2018. Archived from the original on 8 April 2018.
  6. "Service Adjustments 2019". Transport Info NSW. 12 April 2019. Archived from the original on 13 April 2019. Retrieved 15 April 2019.
  7. "A new red line through Sydney's rail map". Sydney Morning Herald. 21 February 2019. Retrieved 13 March 2019.
  8. 1 2 "NSW Rail.net North Shore line" . Retrieved 3 July 2007.
  9. 1 2 "NSW Rail.net City Circle" . Retrieved 3 July 2007.
  10. 1 2 "NSW Rail.net Main South line" . Retrieved 3 July 2007.
  11. "Train Patronage - Monthly Figures". Transport for NSW. Retrieved 20 August 2022.

Further reading