Broken Hill railway station

Last updated

Broken Hill
Broken Hill Railway Station (10218775433).jpg
Location Silver City Highway, Broken Hill
Coordinates 31°57′37″S141°28′00″E / 31.9603°S 141.4667°E / -31.9603; 141.4667
Owned by RailCorp
Operated by NSW TrainLink
Line(s) Broken Hill
Crystal Brook-Broken Hill
Distance1124.80 kilometres from Central
Platforms1
Tracks2
Construction
Structure typeGround
Disabled accessYes
Other information
Station code BHQ
History
Opened15 July 1919
Rebuilt4 June 1957
Services
Preceding station  NSW TrainLink  Following station
Terminus NSW TrainLink Western
Broken Hill Outback Xplorer
towards  Sydney
Preceding station  Great Southern Rail  Following station
towards  East Perth
Indian Pacific
towards  Sydney

Broken Hill railway station is a heritage-listed railway station located on the Broken Hill line in Broken Hill, New South Wales, Australia. It was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999. [1]

Broken Hill railway line railway line in New South Wales, Australia

The Broken Hill railway line is now part of the transcontinental railway from Sydney to Perth.

New South Wales State of Australia

New South Wales is a state on the east coast of Australia. It borders Queensland to the north, Victoria to the south, and South Australia to the west. Its coast borders the Tasman Sea to the east. The Australian Capital Territory is an enclave within the state. New South Wales' state capital is Sydney, which is also Australia's most populous city. In March 2018, the population of New South Wales was over 7.9 million, making it Australia's most populous state. Just under two-thirds of the state's population, 5.1 million, live in the Greater Sydney area. Inhabitants of New South Wales are referred to as New South Welshmen.

New South Wales State Heritage Register

The New South Wales State Heritage Register, also known as NSW State Heritage Register, is an heritage list of places in the state of New South Wales, Australia, that are protected by New South Wales legislation, generally covered by the Heritage Act, 1977 (NSW) and its 2010 amendments. The register is administered by the NSW Office of Environment and Heritage, a division of the Government of New South Wales Department of Planning and Environment.

Contents

History

Broken Hill station opened on 15 July 1919 when the line opened to Menindee. Until extended further east in 1927, the section was not connected to the rest of the New South Wales Government Railways network. [2] [3]

Menindee railway station

Menindee railway station is located on the Broken Hill line in New South Wales, Australia. It serves the town of Menindee.

The New South Wales Government Railways (NSWGR) was the agency of the Government of New South Wales that administered rail transport in New South Wales, Australia, between 1855 and 1932.

Broken Hill had a railway until 1888, with the Silverton Tramway connecting the city to Cockburn and Adelaide via Sulphide Street station. Broken Hill developed into an important location with the mines having provided a regular source of traffic.

Silverton Tramway

The Silverton Tramway was a 58-kilometre-long 1,067 mm railway line running from Cockburn on the South Australian state border to Broken Hill in New South Wales. Operating between 1888 and 1970, it served the mines in Broken Hill, and formed the link between the 1,435 mmstandard gauge New South Wales Government Railways and the narrow gauge South Australian Railways lines. It was owned and operated by the Silverton Tramway Company (STC).

Cockburn railway station was located on the Silverton Tramway serving the town of Cockburn on the New South Wales / South Australian state border.

Adelaide railway station railway station in Adelaide, South Australia

Adelaide Railway Station is the central terminus of the Adelaide Metro railway system. All lines approach the station from the west, and it is a terminal station with no through lines, with most of the traffic on the metropolitan network either departing or terminating here. It has nine platforms, all using broad gauge track. It is located on the north side of North Terrace, west of Parliament House. The Adelaide Casino occupies part of the building that is no longer required for railway use. Until 1984, Adelaide station was also the terminus for regional and interstate passenger trains, but there are no longer any regular regional train services in South Australia, and all interstate services are now handled at Adelaide Parklands Terminal.

Broken Hill was the border station between New South Wales and South Australia, with interstate trains changing locomotives up until the 1990s in the era of state owned railway networks. [4]

South Australia State of Australia

South Australia is a state in the southern central part of Australia. It covers some of the most arid parts of the country. With a total land area of 983,482 square kilometres (379,725 sq mi), it is the fourth-largest of Australia's states and territories by area, and fifth largest by population. It has a total of 1.7 million people, and its population is the second most highly centralised in Australia, after Western Australia, with more than 77 percent of South Australians living in the capital, Adelaide, or its environs. Other population centres in the state are relatively small; Mount Gambier, the second largest centre, has a population of 28,684.

Services

Until its cessation in November 1989, Broken Hill was the terminus for the Silver City Comet from Orange. [5] It was also the terminus for Australian National's Silver City Limited from Adelaide from December 1986 until 1990. [6]

Silver City Comet

The Silver City Comet was a train service that operated from September 1937 until November 1989 between Parkes and Broken Hill in western New South Wales. It was the first air-conditioned train in the British Empire.

Orange railway station, New South Wales

The Orange railway station is an heritage-listed former railway bridge and now railway station located on the Main Western line on Peisley Street, Orange in the City of Orange local government area of New South Wales, Australia. It was built from 1877 to 1950. It is also known as Orange Railway Station and yard group. The property is owned by RailCorp, an agency of the Government of New South Wales. It was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999.

Australian National Railways Commission transport company

The Australian National Railways Commission was an agency of the Government of Australia that was a railway operator between 1975 and 1998. It was known as Australian National Railways in its early years, before being rebranded as Australian National.

Today, Broken Hill is served by NSW TrainLink's weekly Outback Xplorer to and from Sydney. NSW TrainLink also operate a daily road coach service to Dubbo. [7]

NSW TrainLink is an Australian brand for the medium and long distance passenger rail and coach services in New South Wales. It operates services throughout New South Wales and into the neighbouring states and territories of Victoria, Queensland and the Australian Capital Territory. Train services are operated by the government's NSW Trains. Coach services are contracted to private operators. It is an agency of Transport for NSW.

Outback Xplorer

The Outback Xplorer is an Australian passenger train operated by NSW TrainLink between Sydney and Broken Hill via the Main Western line.

Central railway station, Sydney railway station in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

The Central railway station is a heritage-listed railway station located at the southern end of the Sydney central business district in the City of Sydney local government area of New South Wales, Australia. The station is the largest and busiest railway station in New South Wales and serves as a major transport interchange for NSW TrainLink inter-city rail services, Sydney Trains commuter rail services, Sydney light rail services, State Transit bus services, and private coach transport services. Often abbreviated as Central or Central station, the station is also known as Sydney Terminal and Central Railway Stations Group and Central Railway; Central Station; Underbridges. The property is owned by RailCorp, an agency of the Government of New South Wales. It was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999. It recorded 11.35 million passenger movements in 2013.

Great Southern Rail's weekly Indian Pacific also calls at Broken Hill. [8]

PlatformLineStopping patternNotes
1services to Sydney Central
Great Southern Rail Indian Pacific to Sydney Central & Perth

Description

The heritage-listed main station building is a type 18 design, constructed of brick, steel and glass with a clock tower in 1957. [1]

The original 1919 station survives a short distance away, disused and derelict. The former stationmaster's residence at 265 Wills St has been privately owned since 1997. Neither building forms part of the modern station's heritage listing. [1]

Heritage listing

The new Broken Hill station is an excellent example of the application of the "modern style" to railway architecture. Very few sites of this scale were constructed at this time so this is a rare example. It was also one of the most expensive station buildings constructed reflecting political needs of the time. [1]

The juxtaposition of the now derelict first station building opposite, in pre cast concrete construction which was a standard country station building highlights the contrast between the new and the old buildings. The scale of the newer building belies the potential needs of the station and it is closely aligned to the major Victorian station buildings in design intent (but not in style or construction). [1]

Broken Hill railway station was listed on the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999 having satisfied the following criteria. [1]

The place possesses uncommon, rare or endangered aspects of the cultural or natural history of New South Wales.

This item is assessed as historically rare. This item is assessed as scientifically rare. This item is assessed as arch. rare. This item is assessed as socially rare. [1]

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "Broken Hill Railway Station and yard group". New South Wales State Heritage Register . Office of Environment and Heritage. H01101. Retrieved 2 June 2018.
  2. Broken Hill Station NSWrail.net
  3. Broken Hill Railway Precinct NSW Environment & Heritage
  4. "Broken Hill Today" Railway Digest July 1985 pages 190-191
  5. "The Official Last Comet" Railway Digest February 1990 page 55
  6. "Western Report" Railway Digest February 1987 page 52
  7. "Western timetable" (PDF). NSW Trainlink. 30 September 2018.
  8. "Indian Pacific timetable". Great Southern Rail. 1 April 2018.

Bibliography

Attribution

CC-BY-icon-80x15.png This Wikipedia article was originally based on Broken Hill Railway Station and yard group , entry number 01101 in the New South Wales State Heritage Register published by the State of New South Wales and Office of Environment and Heritage 2018 under CC-BY 4.0 licence , accessed on 2 June 2018.

Further reading