Far West (New South Wales)

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Far West
New South Wales
Australia New South Wales location map blank.svg
Red pog.svg
Far West
Coordinates 31°57′24″S141°28′04″E / 31.95667°S 141.46778°E / -31.95667; 141.46778 Coordinates: 31°57′24″S141°28′04″E / 31.95667°S 141.46778°E / -31.95667; 141.46778
Population44,917 (2016 census) [Note 1]
LGA(s) Balranald Shire, Bourke Shire, Brewarrina Shire, Central Darling Shire, City of Broken Hill, Cobar Shire, Walgett Shire, Wentworth Shire
State electorate(s)
Federal Division(s)
Localities around Far West:
Far North North West Slopes
Far North Far West Orana /
Central West
Murray and Mallee Riverina Riverina
FootnotesAdjoining regions (SA) [1]

The Far West region of New South Wales, Australia refers generally to a fairly flat and low-lying area in the western part of the state, which is too dry to support wheat or other crops or intensive pastoral endeavours. It is west of the North West Slopes, Central West and the Riverina. It is an area with limited rainfall, and the only major rivers found in it are the Darling River and the Murray River (on its southern edge), which originate in the Great Dividing Range to the east. The region corresponds to the combination of the Australian Bureau of Meteorology's forecast areas of Upper Western and Lower Western. [2] It also corresponds to the Western Division established under the New South Wales Western Lands Act 1901. [3] [4]

Its only city is Broken Hill, and other significant towns are Bourke, Brewarrina, Cobar, Ivanhoe and Wentworth.

Ninety-five per cent of the region is uncleared. [5] The major industries are mining and extensive pasturing. During good seasons in the 1870s and 1880s, large sheep stations were established with high stocking rates, partly in response to a widespread belief that the introduction of European agriculture would cause climate change in favour of European conditions. This 'rain follows the plough' myth was shattered by the droughts of the 1890s, and many of the stations established during this period were subsequently abandoned.

The Far West region is traversed by the Barrier Highway, the Silver City Highway, the Mitchell Highway, the Cobb Highway and the Sturt Highway and by the Sydney-Perth Railway.

Notes

  1. Population figure is the combined population of all LGAs in the region and includes the Unincorporated Far West Region.

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References

  1. "Map showing the layout of SA Government regions". Location SA Map Viewer. Government of South Australia. Retrieved 13 May 2019.
  2. "Forecast areas". Bureau of Meteorology. Archived from the original on 12 November 2009. Retrieved 6 November 2006.
  3. "Western Lands Act 1901". New South Wales Consolidated Acts. Australasian Legal Information Institute . Retrieved 6 November 2006.
  4. "DNR and the Western Division". Department of Natural Resources. Archived from the original on 23 October 2006. Retrieved 6 November 2006.
  5. "Native Vegetation Management in NSW". Government of New South Wales. Archived from the original on 18 September 2006. Retrieved 2006-11-06.