Sturt Highway

Last updated

Sturt Highway

New South Wales
Red B-double truck.jpg
B-double truck on the Sturt Highway
Location Sturt Hwy.svg
General information
Type Highway
Length947 km (588 mi)
Route number(s)
  • AUS Alphanumeric Route A20.svg National Highway A20
  • Gawler – SA/Vic. Border
  • Australian national highway A20.svg National Highway A20
  • SA/Vic. Border – Vic./NSW Border
  • New South Wales alphanumeric route A20.svg National Highway A20
  • Vic./NSW Border – Hume Motorway
Former
route number
  • Australian national highway 20.svg National Highway 20 (1992-2013) Entire route
  • National Route 20 (1955-1992)
Major junctions
West endAUS Alphanumeric Route M2.svg Northern Expressway (M2),
Gawler, South Australia
 AUS Alphanumeric Route A32.svg Barrier Highway (A32)
AUS Alphanumeric Route B19.svg Barossa Valley Way (B19)
AUS Alphanumeric Route A79.svg Calder Highway(A79)
New South Wales alphanumeric route B79.svg Silver City Highway (B79)
NSW Mid none.svg Murray Valley Highway
New South Wales alphanumeric route B64.svg Mid-Western Highway (B64) viaNew South Wales alphanumeric route B75.svg Cobb Highway (B75)
New South Wales alphanumeric route B87.svg Kidman Way (B87)
New South Wales alphanumeric route A39.svg Newell Highway (A39)
New South Wales alphanumeric route A41.svg Olympic Highway (A41)
East endNew South Wales alphanumeric route M31.svg Hume Motorway (M31),
Tarcutta, New South Wales
Location(s)
Major settlements Nuriootpa, Renmark, Mildura, Balranald, Hay, Narrandera, Wagga Wagga
Highway system

The Sturt Highway is an Australian national highway in New South Wales, Victoria, and South Australia. The Sturt Highway is an important road link for the transport of passengers and freight between Sydney and Adelaide and the regions situated adjacent to the route. [1]

National Highway (Australia) highway system in Australia

The National Highway is a system of roads connecting all mainland states and territories of Australia, and is the major network of highways and motorways connecting Australia's capital cities and major regional centres.

New South Wales State of Australia

New South Wales is a state on the east coast of Australia. It borders Queensland to the north, Victoria to the south, and South Australia to the west. Its coast borders the Tasman Sea to the east. The Australian Capital Territory is an enclave within the state. New South Wales' state capital is Sydney, which is also Australia's most populous city. In March 2018, the population of New South Wales was over 7.9 million, making it Australia's most populous state. Just under two-thirds of the state's population, 5.1 million, live in the Greater Sydney area. Inhabitants of New South Wales are referred to as New South Welshmen.

Victoria (Australia) State in Australia

Victoria is a state in south-eastern Australia. Victoria is Australia's most densely populated state and its second-most populous state overall. Most of its population lives concentrated in the area surrounding Port Phillip Bay, which includes the metropolitan area of its state capital and largest city, Melbourne, Australia's second-largest city. Geographically the smallest state on the Australian mainland, Victoria is bordered by Bass Strait and Tasmania to the south, New South Wales to the north, the Tasman Sea to the east, and South Australia to the west.

Contents

Initially an amalgam of trunk routes, the 947-kilometre (588 mi) Sturt Highway was proclaimed a state highway in 1933 and was named in honour of Captain Charles Sturt who explored the area in 1829 and opened it up for agriculture. In 1955, the Australian Government gazetted the highway as a national route and upgraded as a national highway in 1992, forming the Sydney-Adelaide Link. The Sturt carries the National Highway 20 shield for its entire length, the majority of which is a single carriageway and freeway standard and 6-lane arterial road standard towards its western terminus, north of Adelaide. [2] [3]

Charles Sturt Australian explorer

Captain Charles Napier Sturt was a British explorer of Australia, and part of the European exploration of Australia. He led several expeditions into the interior of the continent, starting from both Sydney and later from Adelaide. His expeditions traced several of the westward-flowing rivers, establishing that they all merged into the Murray River. He was searching to prove his own passionately held belief that there was an "inland sea" at the centre of the continent.

Government gazette daily record of the work of an official public organization

A government gazette is a periodical publication that has been authorised to publish public or legal notices. It is usually established by statute or official action and publication of notices within it, whether by the government or a private party, is usually considered sufficient to comply with legal requirements for public notice.

Highway shield sign denoting the route number of a highway

A highway shield or route marker is a sign denoting the route number of a highway, usually in the form of a symbolic shape with the route number enclosed. As the focus of the sign, the route number is usually the sign's largest element, with other items on the sign rendered in smaller sizes or contrasting colors. Highway shields are used by travellers, commuters, and all levels of government for identifying, navigating, and organising routes within a county, state, province, or country. Simplified highway shields often appear on maps.

Route

The highway runs generally east-west, roughly aligned to the Murrumbidgee River in New South Wales, then, following that river's confluence with the Murray River, aligned to the Murray in north-western Victoria and eastern South Australia, generally towards the northern outskirts of Adelaide. The highway is the shortest and highest standard route between Sydney and Adelaide. [3]

Murrumbidgee River river in New South Wales, Australia

Murrumbidgee River, a major tributary of the Murray River within the Murray–Darling basin and the second longest river in Australia. It flows through the Australian state of New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory. It descends 1,500 metres (4,900 ft) as it flows 1,485 kilometres (923 mi) in a west-northwesterly direction from the foot of Peppercorn Hill in the Fiery Range of the Snowy Mountains towards its confluence with the Murray River near Boundary Bend.

Confluence Meeting of two or more bodies of flowing water

In geography, a confluence occurs where two or more flowing bodies of water join together to form a single channel. A confluence can occur in several configurations: at the point where a tributary joins a larger river ; or where two streams meet to become the source of a river of a new name ; or where two separated channels of a river rejoin at the downstream end.

Murray River the longest river in Australia

The Murray River is Australia's longest river, at 2,508 kilometres (1,558 mi) in length. The Murray rises in the Australian Alps, draining the western side of Australia's highest mountains, and then meanders across Australia's inland plains, forming the border between the states of New South Wales and Victoria as it flows to the northwest into South Australia. It turns south at Morgan for its final 315 kilometres (196 mi), reaching the ocean at Lake Alexandrina.

The eastern terminus of the Sturt Highway is at a junction with the Hume Highway at Tarcutta, near Gundagai. Heading west, the Sturt passes through the city of Wagga Wagga and the towns Narrandera, Darlington Point, Hay, Balranald, Euston, leaving NSW by crossing the Murray River into Victoria from Buronga to Mildura. The highway continues more or less due west through the northwest of Victoria before entering South Australia. This section of road was built in 1927 as part of the Murray Valley Road to provide a shorter, and all-weather, road connection between Mildura and Renmark. [4] [5] In South Australia, the Sturt Highway passes Renmark, Monash, Barmera, Waikerie, Blanchetown, Nuriootpa and Gawler where it reaches its western terminus, although Gawler is bypassed. [2]

A junction is where two or more roads meet.

Tarcutta Town in New South Wales, Australia

Tarcutta is a town in south-western New South Wales, Australia. The town is 438 kilometres (272 mi) south-west of Sydney, 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) east of the Hume Highway, It was proclaimed as a village on 28 October 1890. As of 2016, the town had a population of 446.

Gundagai Town in New South Wales, Australia

Gundagai is a town in New South Wales, Australia. Although a small town, Gundagai is a popular topic for writers and has become a representative icon of a typical Australian country town. Located along the Murrumbidgee River and Muniong, Honeysuckle, Kimo, Mooney Mooney, Murrumbidgee and Tumut mountain ranges, Gundagai is 390 kilometres (240 mi) south-west of Sydney. Until 2016, Gundagai was the administrative centre of Gundagai Shire local government area. In the 2016 census the population of Gundagai was 1,925.

The original route of the highway, proclaimed in 1938, took a course from Wentworth to Renmark, on the northern side of the Murray River. [6] [7]

Wentworth, New South Wales Town in New South Wales, Australia

Wentworth is a small border town in the far south west of the state of New South Wales, Australia. It lies at the confluence of Australia's two most important rivers, the Darling and the Murray, the latter forming the border with the state of Victoria to the south. The border with the state of South Australia lies approximately 100 kilometres (62 mi) to the west. The town of Wentworth is in the local government area of the same name.

The highway carries the National Highway shield A20 on its entire route. At its western terminus, the route changes to the M20 on the Max Fatchen Expressway and continues from the Gawler Bypass Road south towards the A1. At its eastern terminus, the route changes to the M31 on the Hume Motorway. [3]

Gawler Bypass Road is a major north-south route in the outer northern suburbs of the city of Adelaide, South Australia. It had the national designation of National Highway A20 north of the Northern Expressway, while south of this intersection it had the state designation of A52. From late 2016, the entire length was designated A20, corresponding to the Northern Expressway being designated M2.

Upgrades

South Australia

None of the Sturt Highway was originally constructed as dual-carriageway, however work commenced in January 2007 to upgrade the highway to two lanes each way dual carriageway between the Gawler Bypass and Greenock in the Barossa Valley. The project was completed in 2010 with budget savings directed towards further Sturt Highway improvements. [8]

The Northern Expressway, renamed as the Max Fatchen Expressway in 2013, was built at the south-western end of the Sturt Highway, extending Route A20 by 22 km from Gawler southwest to meet Port Wakefield Road (National Route A1 ) at Waterloo Corner as part of an AusLink/South Australian Government project to build a new dual-carriageway/freeway standard road as part of the North–South Corridor project. This will provide better access for road transport to Port Adelaide and the industrial areas west and northwest of the city. [9] Now completed this has essentially made the Sturt Highway dual-carriageway/freeway standard between Adelaide and the Barossa Valley.

Other projects in South Australia include: a number of overtaking lanes have also been added in recent years to help make it safer with the high volume of traffic. [10] Major 'S'-bend curves near Waikerie were realigned, and further upgrades to the road were performed up to 2012. [11]

Significant route changes

The original route of the Sturt Highway in the Riverland passed through Berri and Glossop instead of the current route through Monash. The former alignment is now known as the Old Sturt Highway, route B201. The original route also passed through the middle of the Barossa Valley along what is now the Barossa Valley Way. [12] [13] This first changed to a route passing to the north of Nuriootpa around to the north and west of Gawler on the Gawler Bypass Road and Main North Road to Gepps Cross. It later changed to use the Max Fatchen Expressway instead. The more recent road duplication led to it bypassing Daveyston and Shea-Oak Log instead of passing through these small towns.

Victoria

There is also the proposed Mildura Truck Bypass, to be funded by Auslink 2. [14]

Major river crossings

From east to west, the Sturt Highway follows much of the course of the Murrumbidgee River, on its southern banks, from the Sturt's eastern terminus with the Hume Motorway. At Balranald the Sturt Highway crosses the Murrumbidgee, carrying the highway to the north of the river via the Balranald Bridge. [15] To the west and south-west, the Sturt Highway crosses the Murray four times; between Buronga and Mildura, carrying the highway to the south of the Murray over the George Chaffey Bridge, a high concrete-girder bridge that was opened in 1985; [16] between Paringa and Renmark, carrying the highway to the north of the Murray over the Paringa Bridge, a lift-span bridge which used to have a railway through the middle as well as the road carriageway on each side; [17] between Cobdogla and Kingston On Murray, carrying the highway to the south of the Murray over the Kingston Bridge, a high bridge from an embankment on the right bank to the cliffs on the left bank; [17] and at Blanchetown, carrying the highway from east to west over the Murray (as the river flows south) over the Blanchetown Bridge, another high bridge to cliffs on the river's western bank. [17]

The bridge at Blanchetown was originally opened in 1964. [18] It replaced cable ferries, and was itself replaced in 1998 [19] in response to concern about its ability to continue to carry B-double trucks. The bridge at Kingston On Murray was opened in 1973 [20] also replacing a very busy ferry crossing.

Major intersections

StateLGA [21] Location [22] [23] km [24] miDestinationsNotes
South Australia Light Gawler Belt, Ward Belt 00.0Australian national highway M20.svg Max Fatchen Expressway (National Highway M20) – Adelaide
AUS Alphanumeric Route A52.svg Gawler Bypass Road (A52) – Elizabeth
Gawler Belt21.2Redbanks Road – Mallala, Balaklava
Gawler Belt, Hewett 31.9AUS Alphanumeric Route A32.svg Horrocks Highway (A32) – Tarlee, Clare
AUS Alphanumeric Route B81.svg Thiele Highway (B81) – Freeling, Kapunda
Greenock 2314Greenock Road – Greenock, Kapunda
Nuriootpa 3119AUS Alphanumeric Route B19.svg Barossa Valley Way (B19)
Mid Murray Truro 4226Truro Road – Kapunda
Annadale 6540Halfway House Road – Sedan, Mannum
River Murray 9157Blanchetown Bridge
Loxton Waikerie Paisley 9257Hunter Road – Swan Reach, Mannum east side of Murray River
Waikerie 13081Ramco Road/Cadell Valley Road – Ramco, Cadell
Kingston On Murray 166103Kingston Road – Loxton
River Murray168104Kingston Bridge
Berri Barmera Barmera 179111AUS Alphanumeric Route B201.svg Old Sturt Highway (B201) – Berri
Monash 185115AUS Alphanumeric Route B64.svg Goyder Highway (B64) – Morgan, Crystal Brook
194121AUS Alphanumeric Route B201.svg Old Sturt Highway (B201) – Berri
River Murray211131Paringa Bridge
Renmark Paringa Pike River 222138Stanitzki Road – Loxton, Murray Bridge
Victoria South Australia – Victoria state border234145South Australia – Victoria state border
Mildura Mildura 343213AUS Alphanumeric Route A79.svg Calder Highway (A79) – Merbein, Ouyen concurrent for 3 kilometres (1.9 mi)
New South Wales New South Wales – Victoria state border351218New South Wales – Victoria state border
Murray River George Chaffey Bridge
Wentworth Buronga 352219New South Wales alphanumeric route B79.svg Silver City Highway (B79) – Wentworth, Broken Hill
Balranald Euston 431268 Murray Valley HighwayRobinvale, Swan Hill
Murrumbidgee River 509316Balranald Bridge
Balranald Balranald 511318 Mallee HighwayTooleybuc, Ouyen
Hay Hay 638396New South Wales alphanumeric route B75.svg Cobb Highway (B75) – Wilcannia, Deniliquin, Echuca
New South Wales alphanumeric route B64.svg Mid-Western Highway (B64) – West Wyalong, Cowra, Sydney
Murrumbidgee Darlington Point 752467New South Wales alphanumeric route B87.svg Kidman Way (B87) – Griffith, Cobar, Jerilderie
Narrandera Narrandera 808502New South Wales alphanumeric route A39.svg Newell Highway (A39) – Jerilderie, West Wyalong
Wagga Wagga Wagga Wagga 899559New South Wales alphanumeric route A41.svg Olympic Highway (A41) – Albury, Junee concurrent for about 3 kilometres (1.9 mi)
Tarcutta 948589New South Wales alphanumeric route M31.svg Hume Motorway (M31) – Albury, Sydney, Canberra

Towns on the Sturt Highway

See also

Related Research Articles

Gawler is the oldest country town on the Australian mainland in the state of South Australia, and is named after the second Governor of the colony of South Australia, George Gawler. It is about 40–44 km (25–27 mi) north of the centre of the state capital, Adelaide, and is close to the major wine producing district of the Barossa Valley. Topographically, Gawler lies at the confluence of two tributaries of the Gawler River, the North and South Para rivers, where they emerge from a range of low hills.

Mid-Western Highway highway in New South Wales

The Mid-Western Highway, sometimes the Mid Western Highway, is a 522-kilometre (324 mi) state highway located in the central western and northern Riverina regions of New South Wales, Australia. The highway services rural communities and links the Great Western, Mitchell, Olympic, Newell, Cobb and Sturt highways. The Mid-Western Highway forms part of the most direct route road link between Sydney and Adelaide, with its eastern terminus in Bathurst and western terminus in Hay.

Renmark, South Australia Town in South Australia

Renmark is a town in South Australia's rural Riverland area, and is located 254 km northeast of Adelaide, on the banks of the River Murray. The Sturt Highway between Adelaide and Sydney runs through the town; Renmark is the last major town encountered in South Australia when driving this route. It is 31 m above sea level. At the 2011 census, Renmark had a population of 7,491.

Olympic Highway highway in New South Wales

The Olympic Highway is a rural road in the central western and south-eastern Riverina regions of New South Wales, Australia. The 318-kilometre (198 mi) highway services rural communities and links the Hume Highway with the Mid-Western Highway and provides part of an alternate road link between Sydney and Albury via Bathurst and Cowra as well as servicing Wagga Wagga, linking with the Sturt Highway.

Barossa Valley Way highway in South Australia

The Barossa Valley Way is the main road linking most of the major towns of the Barossa Valley in South Australia. It is designated as state route B19 for its entire length. It is 34 km long, roughly following the North Para River.

Light Regional Council Local government area in South Australia

Light Regional Council is a local government area north of Adelaide in South Australia. It is based in the town of Kapunda, and includes the towns of Freeling, Greenock, Hansborough, Hewett, Roseworthy and Wasleys.

Port Wakefield Road is an important Australian highway. It connects Adelaide, the South Australian capital, to the Yorke Peninsula, Port Augusta, northern and western South Australia, the Northern Territory and Western Australia. It is designated National Highway A1 and a part of the National Highway. It is named after Port Wakefield, the first government town north of Adelaide.

Main North Road road in South Australia

Main North Road is the major north-south arterial route through the suburbs north of the Adelaide City Centre in the city of Adelaide, South Australia. It continues north through the settled areas of South Australia and is a total of 307 kilometres (191 mi) long, from North Adelaide to 21 kilometres (13 mi) out of Port Augusta. It follows the route established in the early years of the colony by explorer John Horrocks and was a major route for farmers and graziers to reach the capital, passing through rich farmland and the Clare Valley wine region. In 2011, the section of road between Gawler to Wilmington was renamed Horrocks Highway.

South Road, Adelaide road in Adelaide, South Australia

South Road, also known as Main South Road, is a major north–south conduit in Adelaide and Fleurieu Peninsula in South Australia. It is one of Adelaide's most important arterial and bypass roads.

Blanchetown Town in South Australia

Blanchetown is a small township in South Australia, on the (west) bank of the Murray River, 130 km northeast of Adelaide. The Blanchetown Bridge is the western-most of the four crossings of the Sturt Highway over the Murray River. During the nineteenth century it was an important transportation centre on the lower Murray. In modern times Blanchetown has been described as "a strange mixture of historic buildings and temporary shacks built by holidaymakers on the banks of the river". Blanchetown is widely regarded as the entrance to the Riverland district.

The Port River Expressway is a 5.5-kilometre (3.4 mi) freeway-grade road. The expressway links Port Adelaide and the LeFevre Peninsula to the northern suburbs of Adelaide and major interstate routes via Salisbury Highway (A13) to Port Wakefield Road (A1) and the Max Fatchen Expressway (M20) to Perth, Darwin and Sydney.

Northern Expressway freeway in Adelaide, South Australia

The Northern Expressway, also known as the Fatchen Northern Expressway, is a 23 kilometre long controlled-access highway in Adelaide, South Australia. It travels from Gawler to Port Wakefield Road. The road has been built to four-lane standard and provides a faster route between Adelaide and Gawler, whilst reducing the amount of traffic on Main North Road, which passes through the heart of the northern suburbs and is interspersed with frequent traffic lights. It also allows freight vehicles to avoid residential areas and go straight to Port Wakefield Road and onto the Port River Expressway (A9) to reach the harbour at Port Adelaide.

This is a list of freeways in Australia, sorted by states and territories and their corresponding routes. This list includes tollways / toll roads such as the CityLink freeway system in Melbourne. This list has over 70 entries. The only jurisdiction in Australia without freeways is the Northern Territory. Victoria has the largest and densest freeway network in Australia.

The Barossa Valley railway line is a railway line with several branches, running from Gawler Central station into and through the Barossa Valley. The original terminus was at Angaston. A branch was built from Nuriootpa via Stockwell to Truro, and a further branch from that to Penrice. The Angaston and Truro branches are closed and removed, Gawler Central to Penrice remains but has not been used since 2014.

Willaston, South Australia Suburb of Adelaide, South Australia

Willaston is a northern suburb 39 kilometres (24 mi) northeast of the Adelaide city centre in South Australia. It is located in the Town of Gawler.

North–South Corridor, Adelaide road route in and beyond Adelaide, South Australia

The North–South Corridor is a series of road projects currently under construction or planning which travel through Adelaide, South Australia that will eventually form a continuous link from Old Noarlunga in the outer southern metropolitan Adelaide suburbs through to Nuriootpa in the inner northern rural area around the Barossa Valley, a distance of over 100 km, aiming to be without a single stop by 2030.

Stuart OGrady Bikeway

The Stuart O'Grady Bikeway is a 23 kilometres (14 mi) shared path in the northern suburbs of Adelaide, following the eastern side of the Max Fatchen Expressway. The northeastern end is adjacent to the on ramp from Two Wells Road to the Gawler Bypass Road. The southwestern end is adjacent to Port Wakefield Road. It is named after Stuart O'Grady.

Sandleton, South Australia Town in South Australia

Sandleton is a locality and former town in South Australia. It is located on the plains on the eastern side of the Mount Lofty Ranges. The current boundaries for the locality were created in 2003 for the long-established name of the area.

References

  1. Hema, Maps (2007). Australia Road and 4WD Atlas (Map). Eight Mile Plains Queensland: Hema Maps. pp. 32–33, 69, 71. ISBN   978-1-86500-456-3.
  2. 1 2 Rands, Paul (2015). "Sturt Highway & Main North Road (A20)". Road Photos & Information: South Australia. Paul Rands. Retrieved 27 March 2015.
  3. 1 2 3 "Sturt Highway". Ozroads. Retrieved 25 May 2008.[ self-published source ]
  4. "THE MURRAY VALLEY ROAD". Murray Pioneer and Australian River Record . Renmark, SA: National Library of Australia. 18 November 1927. p. 6. Retrieved 17 June 2014.
  5. "MURRAY VALLEY ROAD". Murray Pioneer and Australian River Record . Renmark, SA: National Library of Australia. 6 April 1928. p. 4. Retrieved 24 June 2014.
  6. "STURT HIGHWAY". Moree Gwydir Examiner and General Advertiser . NSW: National Library of Australia. 9 December 1935. p. 2. Retrieved 9 September 2014.
  7. "State's Chief Highways Named". The Chronicle . Adelaide: National Library of Australia. 16 June 1938. p. 47. Retrieved 9 September 2014.
  8. "Sturt Highway Upgrade". TransportSA . Department of Transport, Energy and Infrastructure. 25 August 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-15.
  9. "Northern Expressway". TransportSA . Department of Transport, Energy and Infrastructure. 11 September 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-13.
  10. "Sturt Highway – Riverland passing lanes". AusLink . Department of Transport and Regional Services. 20 July 2005. Archived from the original on 18 May 2007. Retrieved 11 June 2006.
  11. "Sturt Highway – Upgrading Program". AusLink . Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development. 15 October 2012. Retrieved 12 September 2014.
  12. "THE LOWER MURRAY". The Riverine Grazier . Hay, NSW: National Library of Australia. 15 February 1949. p. 1. Retrieved 9 September 2014.
  13. South Australia. Highways and Local Government Dept; South Australian Government Tourist Bureau (1950), South Australia showing main road system and important district roads, Highways & Local Government Dept. : M.E. Sherrah, Government photolithographer, retrieved 30 January 2015
  14. Mildura Truck Bypass – Auslink 2(PDF)
  15. "Map of Balranald, NSW". Bonzle Digital Atlas of Australia. Retrieved 2 April 2015.
  16. "George Chaffey Bridge over Murray River, Mildura". Heritage and conservation register. Roads & Maritime Services, Government of New South Wales. 17 April 2009. Retrieved 2 April 2015.
  17. 1 2 3 "The river as a highway: Crossing the Murray". SA memory. State Library of South Australia, Government of South Australia. 31 March 2010. Archived from the original on 31 March 2015. Retrieved 2 April 2015.
  18. "The Official opening of Blanchetown Bridge by the Honourable Sir Thomas Playford G.C.M.G., M.P., Premier of South Australia, on Friday, 24th April, 1964 : souvenir". Highways Department. Government of South Australia. 1964. Retrieved 8 September 2014.
  19. "From one side to the other, to commemorate the opening of the new bridge, November 1998". Blanchetown Bulletin Committee. 1998. Retrieved 8 September 2014.
  20. "Official opening, Kingston Bridge, River Murray by His Excellency the Governor Sir Mark Oliphant, K.B.E. 21st. Feb., 1973". Highways Department. Government of South Australia. 1973. Retrieved 8 September 2014.
  21. "Property Location Browser". Government of South Australia. Retrieved 4 October 2014.
  22. "Mid North" (PDF). Naming of State Rural Roads. Government of South Australia. 16 December 2013. Rack Plan 869. Retrieved 3 October 2014.
  23. "Murray Mallee, Riverland" (PDF). Naming of State Rural Roads. Government of South Australia. 6 December 2013. Rack Plan 870. Retrieved 3 October 2014.
  24. Google (5 October 2014). "Driving directions Sturt Highway" (Map). Google Maps . Google. Retrieved 5 October 2014.