Highways in New South Wales

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New South Wales

The present highway network in New South Wales, Australia was established in August 1928 when the Country Roads Board (the predecessor of the Department of Main Roads and the Roads and Traffic Authority) superseded the 1924 main road classifications and established the basis of the existing New South Wales (NSW) main road system. (the full list of main roads gazetted appears in the NSW Government Gazette of 17 August 1928). The number of a road for administrative purposes is not the same as the route number it carries e.g. the Great Western Highway is Highway 5 for administrative purposes but is signposted as part of route A32.)

Australia Country in Oceania

Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands. It is the largest country in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country by total area. The neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea, Indonesia and East Timor to the north; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east. The population of 25 million is highly urbanised and heavily concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Australia's capital is Canberra, and its largest city is Sydney. The country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Adelaide.

New South Wales State of Australia

New South Wales is a state on the east coast of Australia. It borders Queensland to the north, Victoria to the south, and South Australia to the west. Its coast borders the Tasman Sea to the east. The Australian Capital Territory is an enclave within the state. New South Wales' state capital is Sydney, which is also Australia's most populous city. In September 2018, the population of New South Wales was over 8 million, making it Australia's most populous state. Just under two-thirds of the state's population, 5.1 million, live in the Greater Sydney area. Inhabitants of New South Wales are referred to as New South Welshmen.

Highway A public road or other public way on land

A highway is any public or private road or other public way on land. It is used for major roads, but also includes other public roads and public tracks: It is not an equivalent term to controlled-access highway, or a translation for autobahn, autoroute, etc.

Contents

Many major routes in New South Wales, including Sydney motorways and even some routes named as "highways" are not officially gazetted as highways. For a list of all numbered routes in New South Wales, see List of road routes in New South Wales.

While highways in many other countries are typically identified by number, highways in Australia, including New South Wales, are known mostly by names. These names typically come from 19th-century explorers, important politicians or geographic regions.

A politician is a person active in party politics, or a person holding or seeking office in government. Politicians propose, support and create laws or policies that govern the land and, by extension, its people. Broadly speaking, a "politician" can be anyone who seeks to achieve political power in any bureaucratic institution.

List of gazetted highways

Road number [1] Road name Route Date of original gazettal Distance Notes
HW1 Princes Highway Sydney to Victoria border via Wollongong
HW2 Hume Highway (includes Hume Motorway) Sydney to Victoria border via Goulburn, Gundagai, Albury
HW3 Federal Highway Hume Highway to ACT border
HW4 Snowy Mountains Highway Princes Highway to Hume Highway via Cooma Named as Monaro Highway until 1955
HW5 Great Western Highway Sydney to Bathurst
HW6 Mid-Western Highway Bathurst to Hay
HW7 Mitchell Highway Bathurst to Queensland border via Dubbo
HW8 Barrier Highway Nyngan to South Australia border
HW9 New England Highway Pacific Highway to Queensland border via Tamworth
HW10 Pacific Highway Sydney to Queensland border via Newcastle and Coffs Harbour
HW11 Oxley Highway Pacific Highway to Mitchell Highway via Tamworth653 km (406 mi)
HW12 Gwydir Highway Pacific Highway to Castlereagh Highway via Moree
HW13 Cumberland Highway Liverpool to Wahroonga
HW14 Sturt Highway Hume Highway to South Australia border via Wagga Wagga 8 August 1933 [2]
HW15 Barton Highway Yass to ACT border
HW16 Bruxner Highway Pacific Highway to Newell Highway via Lismore
HW17 Newell Highway Victoria border to Queensland border via Nerrandera and Dubbo
HW18 Castlereagh Highway Lithgow to Queensland border via Mudgee
HW19 Monaro Highway ACT border to Victoria border via Cooma25 March 1938 [3] 285.1 km (177.2 mi) [4]
HW20 Riverina Highway Deniliquin to Victoria border
HW21 Cobb Highway Wilcannia to Victoria border
HW22 Silver City Highway Sturt Highway to Queensland border via Broken Hill
HW23Unnamed (Newcastle Inner City Bypass) Windale to Sandgate
HW24[ citation needed ] Mount Lindesay Highway Tenterfield to Qld Border, via Woodenbong Decommissioned 12 February 1982[ citation needed ]
HW25 Illawarra Highway Hume Highway to Princes Highway via Moss Vale
HW26[ citation needed ] Calga–Ourimbah Expressway [ citation needed ] Decommissioned after completion of parallel section of Pacific Motorway[ citation needed ]
HW27 Golden Highway New England Highway to Newell Highway via Dunedoo
HW28 Carnarvon Highway Moree to Queensland border
HW29 Kamilaroi Highway Bourke to New England Highway
HW30 Central Coast Highway Pacific Motorway to Pacific Highway via Gosford
HW31 Gold Coast Highway Pacific Motorway to Queensland border 1 May 2009 [5]
     Decommissioned

See also

Highways in Australia describes the highways of Australia

Highways in Australia are generally high capacity roads managed by state and territory government agencies, though Australia's federal government contributes funding for important links between capital cities and major regional centres. Prior to European settlement, the earliest needs for trade and travel were met by narrow bush tracks, used by tribes of Indigenous Australians. The formal construction of roads began in 1788, after the founding of the colony of New South Wales, and a network of three major roads across the colony emerged by the 1820s. Similar road networks were established in the other colonies of Australia. Road construction programs in the early 19th century were generally underfunded, as they were dependent on government budgets, loans, and tolls; while there was a huge increase in road usage, due to the Australian gold rushes. Local government authorities, often known as Road Boards, were therefore established to be primarily responsible for funding and undertaking road construction and maintenance. The early 1900s saw both the increasingly widespread use of motorised transportation, and the creation of state road authorities in each state, between 1913 and 1926. These authorities managed each state's road network, with the main arterial roads controlled and maintained by the state, and other roads remaining the responsibility of local governments. The federal government became involved in road funding in the 1920s, distributing funding to the states. The depression of the 1930s slowed the funding and development of the major road network until the onset on World War II. Supply roads leading to the north of the country were considered vital, resulting in the construction of Barkly, Stuart, and Eyre Highways.

States and territories of Australia first-level subdivision of Australia

The states and territories are the first-level administrative divisions of the Commonwealth of Australia. They are the second level of government in Australia, located between the federal and local government tiers.

Related Research Articles

Princes Highway highway in Australia

The Princes Highway is a major road in Australia, extending from Sydney to Adelaide via the coast through the states of New South Wales, Victoria and South Australia. It has a length of 1,941 kilometres (1,206 mi) or 1,898 kilometres (1,179 mi) via the former alignments of the highway, although these routes are slower and connections to the bypassed sections of the original route are poor in many cases.

Newell Highway highway in New South Wales

The Newell Highway is a national highway in New South Wales, Australia. The route is currently signed as the A39, however before 2013 was signed as National Highway 39. The Newell Highway is an important road link for freight between Queensland and Victoria and regional centres in western NSW. At 1,058 kilometres (657 mi) in length, the Newell is the longest highway in New South Wales, and passes through fifteen local government areas.

Pacific Highway (Australia) highway in New South Wales and Queensland

The Pacific Highway is a 790-kilometre-long (490 mi) national highway and major transport route along the central east coast of Australia, with the majority of it being part of Australia's national route 1.

Oxley Highway highway in New South Wales

The Oxley Highway is a rural highway in New South Wales, Australia. It starts at Nevertire where it joins the Mitchell Highway. It links Nevertire, Warren, Gilgandra, Coonabarabran, Gunnedah, Carroll, Tamworth, Bendemeer, Walcha, Yarrowitch, Ellenborough, Long Flat, and Wauchope and ends at Port Macquarie on the coast of the Tasman Sea.

New England Highway highway in New South Wales and Queensland

The New England Highway is an 878-kilometre (546 mi) long highway in Australia running from Hexham at Newcastle, New South Wales at its southern end to Yarraman, north of Toowoomba, Queensland at its northern end. It is part of Australia's National Highway system, and forms part of the inland route between Brisbane and Sydney.

Bruxner Highway highway in New South Wales

The Bruxner Highway is a 420-kilometre (260 mi)state highway located in New South Wales, Australia. The highway forms an east-west link from the Northern Rivers coast, across the Northern Tablelands in northern New South Wales, close to the border with Queensland.

Silver City Highway highway in New South Wales

The Silver City Highway is a 683-kilometre-long (424 mi) highway that links Buronga, New South Wales to the Queensland border via Wentworth, Broken Hill, and Tibooburra, in the arid Far West region of New South Wales. A short branch also connects to the Calder Highway on the Victorian border at Curlwaa. This branch is also signed as the Calder Highway, despite legally being part of the Silver City Highway. Parts of the highway north of Broken Hill are unsealed. The namesake of the highway is derived from the moniker for Broken Hill–the "Silver City", which the highway travels through.

Sturt Highway Australian national highway in New South Wales, Victoria, and South Australia

The Sturt Highway is an Australian national highway in New South Wales, Victoria, and South Australia. The Sturt Highway is an important road link for the transport of passengers and freight between Sydney and Adelaide and the regions situated adjacent to the route.

Barton Highway highway in New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory

The Barton Highway is a short highway in New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory, Australia.

Monaro Highway highway linking Victoria and the Australian Capital Territory

The Monaro Highway is a highway that is located in Victoria, New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory, in Australia.

Snowy Mountains Highway highway in New South Wales

The Snowy Mountains Highway is a 333-kilometre-long (207 mi) state highway located in New South Wales, Australia. Its two sections connect the New South Wales South Coast to the Monaro region, and the Monaro to the South West Slopes via the Snowy Mountains. The higher altitude regions of this road are subject to snow over the winter months, and the road also provides access to many parts of the Snowy Mountains Scheme. The highway bears the B72 shield along its entire length.

Mid-Western Highway highway in New South Wales

The Mid-Western Highway, sometimes the Mid Western Highway, is a 522-kilometre (324 mi) state highway located in the central western and northern Riverina regions of New South Wales, Australia. The highway services rural communities and links the Great Western, Mitchell, Olympic, Newell, Cobb and Sturt highways. The Mid-Western Highway forms part of the most direct route road link between Sydney and Adelaide, with its eastern terminus in Bathurst and western terminus in Hay.

The Summerland Way is a 199–kilometre state route, designated B91, in New South Wales. It runs generally north from Grafton to the border between NSW and Queensland just west of Mount Lindesay. The road continues from there into Queensland as Mount Lindesay Highway. With the decommissioning of the Mount Lindesay Highway in New South Wales in 1982, the length of the Summerland Way was increased by 9.4 km to the Queensland border. It is sealed for its entire length, although some of the road north of the Lions Road turn-off is narrow and winding. In 1996, the Federal Government committed $20 million toward upgrading the Summerland Way. A $7 million contract to realign 1.2 km at Dourrigan's Gap, approximately 16 km north of Kyogle, was awarded, with work starting in February 2002 and expected to take 12 months to complete.

Kings Highway (Australia) highway in the Australian Capital Territory and New South Wales

The Kings Highway is a State highway located within the Australian Capital Territory and New South Wales, Australia. The highway connects Canberra with Batemans Bay on the South Coast.

Pacific Motorway (Brisbane–Brunswick Heads) motorway in New South Wales and Queensland

The Pacific Motorway is a motorway in Australia between Brisbane, Queensland, and Brunswick Heads, New South Wales, through the New South Wales–Queensland border at Tweed Heads.

Bucketts Way road in New South Wales

The Bucketts Way is a 151-kilometre (94 mi) rural road that links Gloucester to Taree and Raymond Terrace, in New South Wales, Australia. It was named after the Bucketts Mountains, a prominent mountain range near Gloucester. Between 1928 and 1952 the Bucketts Way served as the alignment of the Pacific Highway between Raymond Terrace and Taree. The entire route is designated as Tourist Drive TD2.

Putty Road road in New South Wales

The Putty Road is a rural road that links the northwestern suburbs of Sydney to the Hunter Region in New South Wales, in eastern Australia. The southern terminus of the Putty Road is Wilberforce and the northern terminus is Singleton.

Bradfield Highway (Sydney) highway in Sydney

The Bradfield Highway is a highway in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. At 2.5 kilometres (1.6 mi) long it is one of the shortest highways in Australia.

References

  1. Roads & Maritime Services (January 2014). "Schedule of Classified Roads and Unclassified Regional Roads" (PDF). New South Wales Government. Archived (PDF) from the original on 22 September 2014. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
  2. "The Sturt Highway". Main Roads. NSW Department of Main Roads. V (I): 20. November 1933.
  3. "Monaro Highway" (PDF). Main Roads. NSW Department of Main Roads. December 1959. pp. 44–49. Retrieved 25 July 2013.
  4. Google (11 Aug 2013). "Monaro Highway" (Map). Google Maps . Google. Retrieved 11 Aug 2013.
  5. Daley, Michael (1 May 2009). "Reclassification of roads in association with Pacific Highway - Tugun Bypass in Tweed Shire" (PDF). Government Gazette of the State of New South Wales. NSW Government. p. 1947. Retrieved 23 September 2013.