Petersham, New South Wales

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Petersham
Sydney,  New South Wales
PetershamTH.JPG
Petersham Town Hall, Crystal Street
Population8,116 (2016 census) [1]
 • Density6,291/km2 (16,290/sq mi)
Postcode(s) 2049
Area1.29 km2 (0.5 sq mi)
Location6 km (4 mi) south-west of Sydney CBD
LGA(s) Inner West Council
State electorate(s) Newtown
Federal Division(s) Grayndler
Suburbs around Petersham:
Leichhardt Leichhardt Annandale
Lewisham Petersham Stanmore
Dulwich Hill Marrickville Enmore
Petersham railway building Petersham1.JPG
Petersham railway building

Petersham is a suburb in the Inner West [2] of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Petersham is located 6 kilometres south-west of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of Inner West Council. [3] Petersham is known for its extensive Portuguese commercial offerings, with many Portuguese businesses and restaurants, although only 156 (1.9%) of the population was actually born in Portugal. [1]

Contents

Petersham is bordered by the suburbs of Leichhardt to the north, Stanmore to the east, Marrickville to the south and Lewisham to the west. Taverner's Hill, named after Fred Taverner, is a locality in the western part of the suburb. Petersham is home to Sydneys most iconic pub which is called Petersham Inn Hotel. It is located on the corner of Parramatta Road and Phillip Street. It features Cabaret Shows every Thursday Friday and Saturday.

History

Major Francis Grose sent workmen to the area in 1793 to clear the bush and plant corn and wheat. He named the area Peters-Ham or Petersham after his native village in Surrey, England. [ citation needed ] Petersham remained an agricultural area, winning awards for some of the best crops and stock in the colony in 1803. [ citation needed ] Kangaroo hunting was also popular in the area. The name was also used for the surrounding parish.

Dr Robert Wardell (1793–1834) purchased land from many grantees in the district and in 1831 his estate eventually stretched 2,000 acres (8.1 km2) from Petersham to the Cooks River. Following his murder by escaped convicts in 1834, the estate was subdivided. The train line from Sydney to Parramatta opened in 1855 and trains stopped here from 1857. A platform was built in 1863. The original Petersham post office became Annandale in 1855. Another post office opened as Norwood in May 1860 and was moved to Petersham station in 1870. The first public school opened in 1878.

Petersham municipality was incorporated in 1872. The local council merged with Marrickville and St Peters in 1948 to form the Municipality of Marrickville. In 1916, the Boys' section of Fort Street High School moved to Petersham from Observatory Hill, followed by the Girls' section in 1975. [4]

Wartime plane crash

Mosquito HR576 RAF (UK) disintegrated over the inner western Sydney suburbs of Leichhardt and Petersham on 2 May 1945 during an air test flight. The crew of two were killed but no one on the ground was seriously injured by the falling debris of the Mosquito. The Daily Telegraph of 3 May 1945 stated that two civilians were injured and a total of 18 properties were damaged. Five houses were set on fire by the falling debris. [5]

It was suspected that a violent pull out from a power dive, with its associated high 'g' forces may have led to the structural failure of the aircraft. The two crew members tried to escape from the aircraft but they were not high enough for their parachutes to open. Flight Lieutenant David Rochford of Oxford, England, and LAC Charles Boydell from Mosman were both killed. Flight Lieutenant Rochford's body was found in the playground of Petersham Public School while LAC Boydell's body was found on the roof of a railway building about 100 metres away. [6]

Heritage listings

Petersham has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Commercial area

A small row of shops lines New Canterbury Road and extends down Audley Street towards the railway station. There are some Portuguese businesses here including several Portuguese restaurants, some of which are renowned for selling traditional styled flame-grilled chicken and cod dishes Petersham is considered the heart of Sydney's Portuguese community. [10]

Local landmarks include the Petersham Town Hall, the Petersham Reservoir and Petersham Park. Petersham is bordered by Parramatta Road to the north.

Transport

Petersham railway station is on the Inner West & Leppington Line of the Sydney Trains network. Travelling west, all stations services run from the City Circle to Homebush and Parramatta. The station includes an ornate iron pedestrian bridge over the train line. The old station building was built in 1886 in the Victorian Free Classical style. It has been described as "the largest and grandest of the surviving 19th century railway stations in the Sydney area", and is listed on the Register of the National Estate. [11] [12]

The 428, 444, 445 and 412 buses run through Petersham at different points. The 428 runs from Canterbury to Circular Quay, the 444 and 445 run from Campsie to Balmain, and the 412 runs from Campsie to King Street Wharf in the city.

Schools

Fort Street High School, located on Parramatta Road, is the oldest selective school in New South Wales and has 934 students as of 2013. Petersham Public School sits on the Petersham and Lewisham borders, and has 240 students as at 2014. The old public school building located in Gordon Street goes back to 1878. Along with the church in the grounds, it is listed on the Register of the National Estate. [13] Taverners Hill Public School situated on Elswick Street, is an infants only school with 60 students and recently published its own cook book. [14]

All Saints Anglican Church AllSaints AnglicanChurch Petersham CornerView.jpg
All Saints Anglican Church

Churches

Architecture

Petersham's houses are predominantly terrace houses, similar to those of Summer Hill and Stanmore on the north side of the railway station near Parramatta Road.

Demographics

According to the 2016 census of Population, there were 8,116 people in Petersham.

[1]

Notable residents

Culture

Local events include the annual Audley Street festival, which is a celebration of the suburb's Portuguese ties. Petersham is also home to the Petersham Bowling Club and Petersham RSL Club.

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Petersham Town Hall

The Petersham Town Hall is an Australian heritage-listed town hall located at 107 Crystal Street in Petersham, a suburb in the Inner West of Sydney. It was built in 1937–38 in the Inter-War Stripped Classical architectural style by architects Rudder & Grout, and replaced the first Petersham Town Hall on the site, which was designed in the Victorian Rennaissance Revival style by Thomas Rowe in 1880–1882. The Town Hall was the seat of Petersham Municipal Council from 1938 to 1948 and from 1948 to 1974 was the seat of the Municipality of Marrickville, which absorbed Petersham. When the council moved to new offices across the street in 1974, the town hall has primarily been used as a meeting hall, community centre, filming location and archival office.

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References

  1. 1 2 3 Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Petersham (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 14 December 2017. OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
  2. Australian Suburb Guide: Sydney Inner West Archived 26 December 2012 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 8 August 2013.
  3. Gregory's Sydney Street Directory, Gregory's Publishing Company, 2007
  4. The Book of Sydney Suburbs, Frances Pollen, Angus & Robertson Publishers, 1990, Published in Australia ISBN   0-207-14495-8
  5. "Plane Explodes In Air Over Petersham, Falls On Homes". The Sun (11, 007). Sydney. 2 May 1945. p. 3 (Late Final Extra). Retrieved 3 September 2016 via National Library of Australia.
    "Wreckage Falls on Petersham Home". The Sun (11, 007). Sydney. 2 May 1945. p. 3 (Late Final Extra). Retrieved 3 September 2016 via National Library of Australia.
    "Plane Blows Up OVer Petersham". Goulburn Evening Post . New South Wales. 3 May 1945. p. 2 (Daily and Evening). Retrieved 3 September 2016 via National Library of Australia.
  6. "About Petersham College | TAFE Sydney Institute". Sit.nsw.edu.au. Archived from the original on 27 March 2012. Retrieved 22 August 2013.
  7. "Petersham Service Reservoir & Site". New South Wales State Heritage Register . Office of Environment and Heritage. H01331. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  8. "Egyptian Room Scottish Temple". New South Wales State Heritage Register . Office of Environment and Heritage. H00118. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  9. "Petersham Railway Station group". New South Wales State Heritage Register . Office of Environment and Heritage. H01223. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  10. "Sydney, via Portugal and Greece". The Australian . 21 July 2012. Retrieved 22 January 2018.
  11. The Heritage of Australia, Macmillan Company, 1981
  12. "Petersham Railway Station Group". NSW Environment & Heritage.
  13. The Heritage of Australia
  14. Taverners Hill Cookbook ISBN   978-0-646-48367-2

Coordinates: 33°53′46″S151°09′15″E / 33.8961°S 151.1543°E / -33.8961; 151.1543