Corowa

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Corowa
New South Wales
Sanger St Corowa.JPG
A view of the main street of Corowa
Australia New South Wales location map blank.svg
Red pog.svg
Corowa
Coordinates 35°59′0″S146°23′0″E / 35.98333°S 146.38333°E / -35.98333; 146.38333 Coordinates: 35°59′0″S146°23′0″E / 35.98333°S 146.38333°E / -35.98333; 146.38333
Population5,482 (2016 census) [1]
Established1858
Postcode(s) 2646
Elevation143 m (469 ft)
Location
LGA(s) Federation Council
County Hume
State electorate(s) Albury
Federal Division(s) Farrer
Mean max tempMean min tempAnnual rainfall
22.5 °C
73 °F
8.8 °C
48 °F
539.4 mm
21.2 in

Corowa /ˈkɒrəwə/ [2] is a town in the state of New South Wales in Australia. It is on the bank of the Murray River, the border between New South Wales and Victoria, opposite the Victorian town of Wahgunyah. It is the largest town in the Federation Council and was the administrative centre of the former Corowa Shire. The name could have derived from an Aboriginal word referring to the curra pine which yielded gum used by Aborigines to fasten the heads of spears to the shafts. Another translation is rocky river. [3]

New South Wales State of Australia

New South Wales is a state on the east coast of Australia. It borders Queensland to the north, Victoria to the south, and South Australia to the west. Its coast borders the Tasman Sea to the east. The Australian Capital Territory is an enclave within the state. New South Wales' state capital is Sydney, which is also Australia's most populous city. In December 2018, the population of New South Wales was over 8 million, making it Australia's most populous state. Just under two-thirds of the state's population, 5.1 million, live in the Greater Sydney area. Inhabitants of New South Wales are referred to as New South Welshmen.

Australia Country in Oceania

Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands. It is the largest country in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country by total area. The neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea, Indonesia, and East Timor to the north; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east. The population of 25 million is highly urbanised and heavily concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Australia's capital is Canberra, and its largest city is Sydney. The country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, and Adelaide.

Murray River the longest river in Australia

The Murray River is Australia's longest river, at 2,508 kilometres (1,558 mi) in length. The Murray rises in the Australian Alps, draining the western side of Australia's highest mountains, and then meanders across Australia's inland plains, forming the border between the states of New South Wales and Victoria as it flows to the northwest into South Australia. It turns south at Morgan for its final 315 kilometres (196 mi), reaching the ocean at Lake Alexandrina.

Contents

There are two bridges over the Murray to Wahgunyah in Victoria: the heritage-listed John Foord Bridge and the Federation Bridge (opened on 2 April 2005). The town in conjunction with nearby town Rutherglen has an Australian Rules football team (Corowa-Rutherglen) competing in the Ovens & Murray Football League. [4] Corowa Cougars compete in the Murray Cup rugby league competition.

Rutherglen, Victoria Town in Victoria, Australia

Rutherglenpronunciation  is a small town in north-eastern Victoria, Australia, near the Murray River border with New South Wales. The town was named after the Scottish town of Rutherglen which lies just outside Glasgow. At the 2016 census, Rutherglen had a population of 2,109.

Corowa-Rutherglen Football Club

The Corowa-Rutherglen Football Netball Club, nicknamed the Kangaroos, is an Australian rules football and netball club based in the town of Corowa in New South Wales. Corowa-Rutherglen's football and netball squads currently play in the Ovens & Murray Football League.

Ovens & Murray Football League

The Ovens and Murray Football Netball League (O&MFNL) is an Australian rules football and netball competition containing ten clubs based in north-eastern Victoria, the southern Riverina region of New South Wales and the Ovens and Murray area. The name comes from the Ovens River, the river in the part of north-eastern Victoria covered by the league, and the Murray River, which separates Victoria and New South Wales.

History

Bangerang

The traditional Aboriginal people from the area are the Bangarang people.

The tribe of Indigenous Australians that inhabited the Corowa area were called, in their own language, the Bangerang Tribe. The name has various spellings in English, varying all the way from Bandjalang through Panderang to Pinegorine. [5]

Foord's punt

John Foord (c.1820 – 15 February 1883) "The Emperor of Wahgunyah", settled on the Murray River near the Ovens junction (on the southern side of the river) in the early 1840s. In about 1843 Foord and a man named Bould examined the country about the present site of Wahgunyah and recommended it to John Crisp, who was the first European to settle in the area. Later Crisp sold his land to John Foord. With the development of steamer transport on the Murray River in the mid-1850s, Foord purchased a punt which was brought up to Wahgunyah by the steamer Leichhardt. Foord built two extensive warehouses which he let to river navigation companies. Traffic was attracted to Foord's punt, leading to the establishment of Corowa township, opposite to Wahgunyah. [6] In October 1892, the Corowa railway line opened from Culcairn. It closed in January 1989.

Corowa railway line

The Culcairn - Corowa railway line is a closed railway branch line in southern New South Wales, Australia. It branched off of the Main Southern railway line at Culcairn and headed south-west to the town of Corowa on the Murray River. The southern terminus was near the Victorian Railways Springhurst - Wahgunyah railway, but no bridge was ever provided over the river.

Culcairn railway station railway station

Culcairn railway station is a heritage-listed railway station located on the Main South line in New South Wales, Australia. It serves the town of Culcairn. It was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999.

Township development

Parkland in Corowa, near the Murray River CorowaParkland.JPG
Parkland in Corowa, near the Murray River

Land was surveyed in 1857 at Corowa by Surveyor Adams and the next year the township was proclaimed. In September 1859 a meeting was held to consider the erection of a bridge between Wahgunyah and Corowa to replace the punt. Construction of a bridge was commenced early in 1861 and the completed structure cost about £8,000. The bridge construction was probably privately funded. [7]

Corowa Post Office opened on 1 January 1861. [8]

In 1861 an Anglican church was built at Corowa on land donated by John Foord. [9]

It was reported in 1868 that Corowa "was fast becoming one of the most important of the border districts". Buildings erected that year included a new store, two hotels and a new court-house. [10]

A branch of the Bank of New South Wales was established in a new brick structure at Corowa in 1874. The building of a Roman Catholic church commenced in September 1874. A report in 1875 stated that Corowa as a township "was making rapid strides". The township had a total of seven hotels. A "private township" had been laid out at Corowa on land formerly owned by Sanger and Foord, with the land selling at £80 to £100 per acre. The Government township, laid out about two miles from the river, was deemed a failure. [7]

A report published in The Sydney Mail in October 1879 stated that Corowa township consisted of one thoroughfare containing the business houses. On a nearby hill the residences of the wealthier residents had been erected. It was claimed that the Government town of Corowa, two miles from the river, was "a vast wilderness". It was postulated that the reason for the failure of this township to develop was the fact that only one approach to the bridge from that point could be obtained. The toll for crossing the bridge was said to be "somewhat exorbitant," and prevented free intercourse between Corowa and Wahgunyah. [11] [12]

Later developments

In 1882 the bridge between Corowa and Wahgunyah was purchased by the New South Wales Government. [7]

A Presbyterian church and an Oddfellows' Hall were built at Corowa in 1886 . [7]

In the 1890s, Corowa was the site of several important conferences leading to the federation of the various colonies into the Commonwealth of Australia in 1901.

Heritage listings

Corowa has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Climate

Corowa has a borderline Mediterranean (Csa) and humid subtropical climate (Cfa) with hot, mostly dry summers and cool wetter winters.

Climate data for Corowa
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)46.0
(114.8)
46.0
(114.8)
40.5
(104.9)
34.0
(93.2)
28.4
(83.1)
23.0
(73.4)
20.0
(68.0)
26.3
(79.3)
33.5
(92.3)
36.0
(96.8)
42.5
(108.5)
42.5
(108.5)
46.0
(114.8)
Average high °C (°F)31.9
(89.4)
31.3
(88.3)
27.9
(82.2)
22.5
(72.5)
17.8
(64.0)
13.9
(57.0)
13.1
(55.6)
15.0
(59.0)
18.5
(65.3)
22.2
(72.0)
26.6
(79.9)
30.1
(86.2)
22.6
(72.7)
Average low °C (°F)15.7
(60.3)
15.7
(60.3)
12.7
(54.9)
8.6
(47.5)
5.6
(42.1)
3.6
(38.5)
2.8
(37.0)
3.7
(38.7)
5.7
(42.3)
8.1
(46.6)
11.1
(52.0)
13.6
(56.5)
8.9
(48.0)
Record low °C (°F)5.0
(41.0)
6.0
(42.8)
3.9
(39.0)
0.0
(32.0)
−4.5
(23.9)
−5.0
(23.0)
−4.5
(23.9)
−5.0
(23.0)
−2.0
(28.4)
0.0
(32.0)
0.4
(32.7)
3.7
(38.7)
−5.0
(23.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches)36.4
(1.43)
37.4
(1.47)
38.0
(1.50)
36.3
(1.43)
46.6
(1.83)
56.0
(2.20)
54.9
(2.16)
53.3
(2.10)
48.2
(1.90)
51.8
(2.04)
41.7
(1.64)
40.9
(1.61)
541.2
(21.31)
Average precipitation days4.33.94.65.78.010.311.611.49.08.36.25.388.6
Average relative humidity (%)32333644566768605546383347
Source: [16]

Prominent people

The Corowa Bowling Club was used to film scenes for the 2002 film Crackerjack . [17]

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Corowa railway station

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References

  1. Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Corowa (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 November 2012. OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
  2. Macquarie Dictionary, Fourth Edition (2005). Melbourne, The Macquarie Library Pty Ltd. ISBN   1-876429-14-3
  3. "Corowa". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales . Retrieved 12 July 2009. OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
  4. Full Points Footy. "Corowa Rutherglen". Archived from the original on 24 July 2008. Retrieved 25 July 2008.
  5. Burton, Brian (1973). Flow Gently Past. Corowa: Corowa Shire Council. p. 228. ISBN   0-9599906-1-5.
  6. Jervis, James, 'The Western Riverina: A History of Its Development', Royal Australian Historical Society Journal and Proceedings, Vol. XXXVIII 1952, pp. 142-4.
  7. 1 2 3 4 Jervis, op. cit.
  8. Premier Postal History. "View Post Office Details" . Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  9. "RELIGIOUS MEMORANDA". The Sydney Morning Herald . XLIV, (7291). New South Wales, Australia. 21 October 1861. p. 10 via National Library of Australia.
  10. Jervis, op. cit, citing Pastoral Times (newspaper), 20 June 1868.
  11. Jervis, op. cit, citing The Sydney Mail (newspaper), 28 October 1879.
  12. "Notes on the Riverina District". The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser . XXVIII, (1007). New South Wales, Australia. 25 October 1879. p. 699 via National Library of Australia.
  13. "Corowa Courthouse". New South Wales State Heritage Register . Office of Environment and Heritage. H01450. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  14. "Corowa Railway Station and yard group". New South Wales State Heritage Register . Office of Environment and Heritage. H01120. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  15. "Corowa Flour Mill and site". New South Wales State Heritage Register . Office of Environment and Heritage. H00566. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  16. "Climate statistics for". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 20 January 2014.
  17. Ball Park lifeline for Corowa Bowls The Border Mail 19 June 2012

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