Barrie Unsworth

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Barrie Unsworth
36th Premier of New South Wales
Election: 1988
In office
4 July 1986 25 March 1988
Deputy Ron Mulock
Preceded by Neville Wran
Succeeded by Nick Greiner
Member of the New South Wales Parliament
for Rockdale
In office
2 August 1986 3 May 1991
Preceded by Brian Bannon
Succeeded by George Thompson
Member of the Legislative Council of New South Wales
In office
6 November 1978 15 July 1986
Personal details
Born (1934-04-16) 16 April 1934 (age 85)
Dubbo, New South Wales
NationalityAustralian
Political party Labor Party
Spouse(s)Pauline Hennessy
ProfessionTrade union official

Barrie John Unsworth (born 16 April 1934) is a former Australian politician, representing the Labor Party in the Parliament of New South Wales from 1978 to 1991. He served as the 36th Premier from July 1986 to March 1988.

The Australian Labor Party , also known as NSW Labor and Country Labor in regional areas, is the New South Wales branch of the Australian Labor Party. The parliamentary leader is elected from and by the members of the party caucus, comprising all party members in the Legislative Assembly and Legislative Council. The party factions have a strong influence on the election of the leader. The leader's position is dependent on the continuing support of the caucus and the leader may be deposed by failing to win a vote of confidence of parliamentary members. By convention, the premier sits in the Legislative Assembly, and is the leader of the party controlling a majority in that house. The party leader also typically is a member of the Assembly, though this is not a strict party constitutional requirement. Barrie Unsworth, for example, was elected party leader while a member of the Legislative Council. He then transferred to the Assembly by winning a seat at a by-election.

Parliament of New South Wales legislative body in the Australian state of New South Wales

The Parliament of New South Wales is a bicameral legislature in the Australian state of New South Wales (NSW), consisting of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly, and the New South Wales Legislative Council. Each house is directly elected by the people of New South Wales at elections held approximately every four years. The Parliament derives its authority from the Queen of Australia, Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, represented by the Governor of New South Wales, who chairs the Executive Council of New South Wales. The parliament shares law making powers with the Australian Federal Parliament. The New South Wales Parliament follows the Westminster parliamentary traditions of dress, Green–Red chamber colours and protocol.

Premier of New South Wales head of government for the state of New South Wales, Australia

The Premier of New South Wales is the head of government in the state of New South Wales, Australia. The Government of New South Wales follows the Westminster system, with a Parliament of New South Wales acting as the legislature. The Premier is appointed by the Governor of New South Wales, and by modern convention holds office by virtue of his or her ability to command the support of a majority of members of the lower house of Parliament, the Legislative Assembly.

Contents

Early years

Unsworth, the son of Joseph and Olive Unsworth, was born in Dubbo, New South Wales, and educated in Sydney, at Kogarah High School. On leaving school at age 15, he was apprenticed as an electrical fitter. In 1955, aged 21 years, he married Pauline Hennessy and they subsequently had one daughter and three sons, one of whom has died; he and his wife have nine grandchildren, and a great grandchild. Unsworth was initially an Apprentice Electrical Fitter, then Electrical Fitter, Electrical Testing Officer and subsequently Sales Representative for Sydney County Council from 1950 until 1960. [1]

Dubbo City in New South Wales, Australia

Dubbo is a city in the Orana Region of New South Wales, Australia. It is the largest population centre in the Orana region, with a population of 38,392 at June 2018.

New South Wales State of Australia

New South Wales is a state on the east coast of Australia. It borders Queensland to the north, Victoria to the south, and South Australia to the west. Its coast borders the Tasman Sea to the east. The Australian Capital Territory is an enclave within the state. New South Wales' state capital is Sydney, which is also Australia's most populous city. In September 2018, the population of New South Wales was over 8 million, making it Australia's most populous state. Just under two-thirds of the state's population, 5.1 million, live in the Greater Sydney area. Inhabitants of New South Wales are referred to as New South Welshmen.

Kogarah High School

Kogarah High School is a comprehensive co-educational school located in Kogarah, New South Wales, Australia.

Unsworth had a brief period of military national service in 19531954 in the Royal Australian Navy (RAN). [1]

Royal Australian Navy Naval warfare branch of the Australian Defence Force

The Royal Australian Navy (RAN) is the naval branch of the Australian Defence Force. Following the Federation of Australia in 1901, the ships and resources of the separate colonial navies were integrated into a national force, called the Commonwealth Naval Forces. Originally intended for local defence, the navy was granted the title of 'Royal Australian Navy' in 1911, and became increasingly responsible for defence of the region.

Union career

In 1961, Unsworth became an organiser of the Electrical Trades Union, and continued to build his career in the labour movement. He was awarded a Churchill Fellowship in 1966 to attend Harvard University Trade Union Program. The following year he was elected to the Labor Council of NSW and was its elected Secretary from 1979 to 1984. Unsworth was an Australian delegate to His Royal Highness the Duke of Edinburgh Study Conference, Oxford University in 1974. [1] [2]

Electrical Trades Union of Australia Australian trade union

The Electrical Trades Union of Australia (ETU) is a trade union in Australia which has a history stretching back over 100 years. In its modern form the ETU is a division of the Communications, Electrical and Plumbing Union (CEPU), although it is possibly the most well known of the three divisions. At a state registered level, the union often exists as a separately registered union as for example it does in Queensland.

The labour movement or labor movement consists of two main wings, the trade union movement or labor union movement, also called trade unionism or labor unionism on the one hand, and the political labour movement on the other.

Winston Churchill Memorial Trusts

The Winston Churchill Memorial Trusts are three independent but related living memorials to Sir Winston Churchill. They are based in the UK, Australia, and New Zealand.

During his career as an elected union official, he was appointed by the Wran Labor NSW Government to a range of positions on government bodies including:

Neville Wran Australian politician and Premier of New South Wales

Neville Kenneth Wran, was an Australian politician who was the Premier of New South Wales from 1976 to 1986. He was the national president of the Australian Labor Party (ALP) from 1980 to 1986 and chairman of both the Lionel Murphy Foundation and the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) from 1986 to 1991.

Political career

Unsworth was elected a member of the New South Wales Legislative Council in 1978. While serving in the Legislative Council, Unsworth represented Australia as a delegate at the International Labour Organization (ILO) Worker Participation in Management Conferences held in Geneva (1980) and The Hague (1981).

New South Wales Legislative Council Upper house of the Parliament of New South Wales

The New South Wales Legislative Council, often referred to as the upper house, is one of the two chambers of the parliament of the Australian state of New South Wales. The other is the Legislative Assembly. Both sit at Parliament House in the state capital, Sydney. It is normal for legislation to be first deliberated on and passed by the Legislative Assembly before being considered by the Legislative Council, which acts in the main as a house of review.

International Labour Organization Specialised agency of the United Nations

The International Labour Organization (ILO) is a United Nations agency whose mandate is to advance social justice and promote decent work by setting international labour standards. It was the first specialised agency of the UN.The ILO has 187 member states: 186 of the 193 UN member states plus the Cook Islands are members of the ILO. The tripartite structure is unique to the ILO where representatives from the government, employers and employees openly debate and create labour standards.

In the Wran Labor Government, Unsworth was Minister for Transport (1984–1986) and Minister for Health (FebruaryJuly 1986). [3]

After the surprise retirement of Premier Neville Wran in May 1986, he became leader of the NSW Labor Party and thus Premier, and was also Minister for Ethnic Affairs and Minister for State Development. As Premiers are required by convention to be members of the Legislative Assembly, Brian Bannon, the member for the normally safe Labor seat of Rockdale, resigned to accept a government job as Chairman of the Homebush States Sport Centre Trust, [4] and Unsworth contested the resulting by-election held on 2 August 1986. He only narrowly won the seat, with a 17.1% dive in the primary vote and hostile independent preferences giving him a margin of just 54 votes. [5] A by-election for Wran's equally safe seat of Bass Hill was even worse, with a 22.2 per cent drop on the primary vote delivering a 103-vote victory to the Liberal candidate. [5]

Unsworth was Premier for two years [1] until the Labor Party's landslide defeat by the Liberals' Nick Greiner in the 1988 elections. Unsworth did not contest the 1991 election.

Life after politics

Immediately following politics, Unsworth had little political involvement with his only public commitment being as Deputy Chairman and then Chairman of the Australian Executive Committee for His Royal Highness Duke of Edinburgh Study Conference (1982–1998). Unsworth was General Manager of 2KY Broadcasters Pty Ltd Racing Radio 1992-2000. In 2001 he was a recipient of the Centenary Medal. [6]

Following the election of the Carr Labor Government in 1995, Unsworth was placed on a number of key government and community bodies, including:

During 2003 - 2008, Unsworth was a Director of Father Chris Riley's charity, Youth off the Streets, that provides crisis care, refuges, schools, drug programs and alcohol programs to young people in Australia and throughout Asia. Unsworth has also been a Director of Entherm Pty Ltd (2003–2005), Member of Overseas Trade Authority of New South Wales (1978) and a Director of Manly-Warringah Sea Eagles (2004–2006). [1]

In 2003 and 2004, Unsworth was commissioned by the NSW Government to conduct a formal review of public bus services. [7] In 2008 he headed a committee that considered the privatisation of the New South Wales' electricity industry. [8] The committee and Unsworth supported the sale. [9]

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "The Hon. Barrie John Unsworth (1934–)". Former Members of the Parliament of New South Wales . Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  2. "The Hon. Barrie John Unsworth (1934–)". NSW Parliamentary Papers. State Library of New South Wales . Retrieved 13 June 2010.
  3. "Chronological List of Ministries (1856 to 2009)". Former Members of Parliament. Parliament of New South Wales. Archived from the original on 15 March 2011. Retrieved 13 June 2010.
  4. "Rockdale By-election (1986)". NSW Electoral Commission . Retrieved 13 June 2010.
  5. 1 2 "By-election bloodbaths". Crikey. 27 November 2005. Retrieved 13 June 2010.
  6. "Centenary Medal". It's an Honour. Australian Government. 1 January 2001. Retrieved 11 February 2013.
  7. "Ministerial Review of Bus Services in NSW (Unsworth Review)". NSW Government, Ministry of Transport. 15 July 2004. Archived from the original on 9 November 2007. Retrieved 26 November 2007.
  8. "Unsworth to head electricity committee". The Sydney Morning Herald. 21 January 2008.
  9. "NSW electricity privatisation bid rejected". ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation). 3 May 2008.
Political offices
Preceded by
Paul Landa
Leader of the Government in the Legislative Council
1984 1986
Succeeded by
Jack Hallam
Vice-President of the Executive Council
1984 1986
Preceded by
Peter Cox
Minister for Transport
1984 1986
Succeeded by
Ron Mulock
Preceded by
Ron Mulock
Minister for Health
1986
Succeeded by
Peter Anderson
Preceded by
Neville Wran
Premier of New South Wales
1986 1988
Succeeded by
Nick Greiner
Minister for Ethnic Affairs
1986 1988
New title Minister for State Development
1986 1988
Succeeded by
Wal Murray
New South Wales Legislative Assembly
Preceded by
Brian Bannon
Member for Rockdale
1986 1991
Succeeded by
George Thompson
Party political offices
Preceded by
Paul Landa
Leader of the Labor Party in the Legislative Council
1984 1986
Succeeded by
Jack Hallam
Preceded by
Neville Wran
Leader of the Australian Labor Party in New South Wales
1986 1988
Succeeded by
Bob Carr
Trade union offices
Preceded by
John Ducker
Secretary of the Labor Council of New South Wales
1979 1984
Succeeded by
John MacBean