1930 New South Wales state election

Last updated
1930 New South Wales state election
Flag of New South Wales.svg
  1927 25 October 1930 (1930-10-25) 1932  

All 90 seats in the New South Wales Legislative Assembly
46 Assembly seats were needed for a majority
 First partySecond party
  JackLang.jpg Thomas Bavin.jpg
Leader Jack Lang Thomas Bavin
Party Labor Nationalist/Country coalition
Leader since31 July 192324 September 1925
Leader's seat Auburn Gordon
Last election40 seats46 seats
Seats won55 seats35 seats
Seat changeIncrease2.svg15Decrease2.svg11
Percentage55.1%40.0%
SwingIncrease2.svg12.1Decrease2.svg7.3

New South Wales Legislative Assembly 1930.svg
Legislative Assembly after the election

Premier before election

Thomas Bavin
Nationalist/Country coalition

Elected Premier

Jack Lang
Labor

The 1930 New South Wales state election was held on 25 October 1930. The election was conducted in single member constituencies with compulsory preferential voting. The election occurred at the height of the Great Depression and was a landslide victory for the expansionary monetary policies of Jack Lang.

Instant-runoff voting (IRV) is a type of ranked preferential voting method used in single-seat elections with more than two candidates. Instead of indicating support for only one candidate, voters in IRV elections can rank the candidates in order of preference. Ballots are initially counted for each voter's top choice. If a candidate has more than half of the vote based on first-choices, that candidate wins. If not, then the candidate with the fewest votes is eliminated. The voters who selected the defeated candidate as a first choice then have their votes added to the totals of their next choice. This process continues until a candidate has more than half of the votes. When the field is reduced to two, it has become an "instant runoff" that allows a comparison of the top two candidates head-to-head. Compared to plurality voting, IRV can reduce the impact of vote-splitting when multiple candidates earn support from like-minded voters.

Great Depression 20th-century worldwide economic depression

The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States. The timing of the Great Depression varied across nations; in most countries it started in 1929 and lasted until the late 1930s. It was the longest, deepest, and most widespread depression of the 20th century. In the 21st century, the Great Depression is commonly used as an example of how intensely the world's economy can decline.

Jack Lang (Australian politician) Australian politician and Premier of New South Wales

John Thomas Lang, usually referred to as J. T. Lang during his career and familiarly known as "Jack" and nicknamed "The Big Fella", was an Australian politician who twice served as the 23rd Premier of New South Wales from 1925 to 1927 and again from 1930 to 1932. He was dismissed by the Governor of New South Wales, Sir Philip Game, at the climax of the 1932 constitutional crisis and resoundingly lost the resulting election and subsequent elections as Leader of the Opposition. He later formed Lang Labor and was briefly a member of the Australian House of Representatives.

Contents

As a result of the election, the Nationalist/Country Party coalition government of Thomas Bavin and Ernest Buttenshaw was defeated and the Labor party, led by Jack Lang, formed government with a parliamentary majority of 20. The Parliament first met on 25 November 1930, and had a maximum term of 3 years. However it was dissolved after only 18 months on 18 May 1932 when the Governor, Sir Philip Game dismissed the Premier Jack Lang and commissioned Bertram Stevens to form a caretaker government. Thomas Bavin was the Leader of the Opposition until 5 April 1932 when he was replaced by Bertram Stevens. Michael Bruxner replaced Buttenshaw as leader of the Country Party in early 1932.

Premier of New South Wales head of government for the state of New South Wales, Australia

The Premier of New South Wales is the head of government in the state of New South Wales, Australia. The Government of New South Wales follows the Westminster system, with a Parliament of New South Wales acting as the legislature. The Premier is appointed by the Governor of New South Wales, and by modern convention holds office by virtue of his or her ability to command the support of a majority of members of the lower house of Parliament, the Legislative Assembly.

Thomas Bavin New South Wales politician and Premier of New South Wales

Sir Thomas Rainsford Bavin, KCMG was the 24th Premier of New South Wales.

Ernest Albert Buttenshaw was an Australian politician and member of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly from 1917 until 1932. He was a member of the Nationalist Party of Australia until 1920, when he helped to establish the Progressive Party. After 1925 he was a member of its successor, the Country Party. He was the party leader between 1925 and 1932 and held a number of government ministries.

Results

New South Wales state election, 25 October 1930
Legislative Assembly
<< 19271932 >>

Enrolled voters1,428,648 [1]
Votes cast1,325,945 Turnout 94.94+12.4
Informal votes30,478Informal2.25+0.94
Summary of votes by party
PartyPrimary votes%SwingSeatsChange
  Labor 729,91455.05+12.0555+15
  Nationalist 404,40530.50–7.9823–10
  Country 126,7799.56+0.6712–1
  Australian 27,4932.07+2.070±0
  Communist 10,4450.79+0.790±0
  Independent Labor 7,1860.54–2.300–2
  Independent Country 3,2980.25–0.130±0
  Ind. Nationalist 9770.07–2.580–2
  Independents 15,4481.17–1.950±0
Total1,325,945  90 
1 There were 1,440,785 enrolled voters, but 12,137 were enrolled in the Country-held seat of Byron, which was uncontested.

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This is a list of members of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly from 1938 to 1941, as elected at the 1938 state election.

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1927 New South Wales state election

The 1927 New South Wales state election to elect the 90 members of the 28th Legislative Assembly was held on 8 October 1927. During the previous parliament the voting system, which had been a form of proportional representation with multi-member seats and a single transferable vote, was changed to single member constituencies with optional preferential voting. Severe divisions occurred within the Labor Party caucus in the four months prior to the election and a caretaker government composed of the supporters of the Premier of New South Wales and party leader, Jack Lang was in power at the time of the election.

This is a list of members of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly who served in the 28th parliament of New South Wales from 1927 to 1930. They were elected at the 1927 state election on 8 October 1927.

1932 New South Wales state election

The 1932 New South Wales state election was held on 11 June 1932. This election was for all of the 90 seats in the 30th New South Wales Legislative Assembly and it was conducted in single member constituencies with compulsory preferential voting. It was a landslide victory for the UAP/Country Party coalition of Bertram Stevens, which had a majority of 42 in the Assembly.

1935 New South Wales state election

The 1935 New South Wales state election was held on 11 May 1935. This election was for all of the 90 seats in the 31st New South Wales Legislative Assembly and was conducted in single member constituencies with compulsory preferential voting.

1938 New South Wales state election

The 1938 New South Wales state election was held on 26 March 1938. This election was for all of the 90 seats in the 32nd New South Wales Legislative Assembly and was conducted in single member constituencies with compulsory preferential voting.

1941 New South Wales state election

The 1941 New South Wales state election was held on 10 May 1941. This election was for all of the 90 seats in the 33rd New South Wales Legislative Assembly and was conducted in single-member constituencies with compulsory preferential voting.

Lang ministry (1927)

The Lang ministry (1927) or Second Lang ministry or Lang Reconstruction ministry was the 43rd ministry of the New South Wales Government, and was led by the 23rd Premier, the Honourable Jack Lang, MLA. This ministry was the second of three occasions where Lang was Premier.

Lang ministry (1930–32)

The Lang ministry (1930–1932) or Third Lang ministry was the 45th ministry of the New South Wales Government, and was led by the 23rd Premier, the Honourable Jack Lang, MLA. This ministry was the third and final time of three occasions where Lang was Premier.

Bavin ministry

The Bavin ministry was the 44th ministry of the New South Wales Government, and was led by the 24th Premier, the Honourable Thomas Bavin, MLA, in a Nationalist coalition with the Country Party, led by the Honourable Ernest Buttenshaw, MLA.

Stevens–Bruxner ministry (1932–35)

The Stevens–Bruxner ministry (1932–1935) or First Stevens–Bruxner ministry or First Stevens ministry was the 46th ministry of the New South Wales Government, and was led by the 25th Premier, the Honourable Bertram Stevens, MLA, in a United Australia Party coalition with the Country Party, that was led by the Honourable Lieutenant-Colonel Michael Bruxner, DSO, MLA. The ministry was one of three occasions when the Government was led by Stevens, as Premier; and one of four occasions where Bruxner served as Deputy Premier.

Stevens–Bruxner ministry (1935–38)

The Stevens–Bruxner ministry (1935–1938) or Second Stevens–Bruxner ministry or Second Stevens ministry was the 47th ministry of the New South Wales Government, and was led by the 25th Premier, the Honourable Bertram Stevens, MLA, in a United Australia Party coalition with the Country Party, that was led by the Honourable Lieutenant-Colonel Michael Bruxner, DSO, MLA. The ministry was the second one of three occasions when the Government was led by Stevens, as Premier; and second of four occasions where Bruxner served as Deputy Premier.

Stevens–Bruxner ministry (1938–39)

The Stevens–Bruxner ministry (1938–1939) or Third Stevens–Bruxner ministry or Third Stevens ministry was the 48th ministry of the New South Wales Government, and was led by the 25th Premier, the Honourable Bertram Stevens, MLA, in a United Australia Party coalition with the Country Party, that was led by the Honourable Lieutenant-Colonel Michael Bruxner, DSO, MLA. The ministry was the third of three occasions when the Government was led by Stevens, as Premier; and third of four occasions where Bruxner served as Deputy Premier.

References

Antony John Green is an Australian psephologist and commentator. He is the Australian Broadcasting Corporation's election analyst.

International Standard Book Number Unique numeric book identifier

The International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is a numeric commercial book identifier which is intended to be unique. Publishers purchase ISBNs from an affiliate of the International ISBN Agency.

See also

This is a list of members of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly who served in the 29th parliament of New South Wales from 1930 to 1932.