Electoral district of Willoughby

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Willoughby
New South WalesLegislative Assembly
NSW Electoral District 2019 - Willoughby.png
Location within Sydney
State New South Wales
Dates current1894–1920
1927–1988
1991–present
MP Gladys Berejiklian
Party Liberal Party
Electors 54,508 (2019)
Area23.56 km2 (9.1 sq mi)
Electorates around Willoughby:
Davidson Davidson Wakehurst
Lane Cove Willoughby Manly
Lane Cove North Shore North Shore

Willoughby is an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of New South Wales. It is represented by Gladys Berejiklian of the Liberal Party, who is the current Premier of New South Wales.

Contents

History

Willoughby was an electoral district of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly, first created in 1894 with the abolition of multi-member electoral districts from part of St Leonards, and named after and including the Sydney suburb of Willoughby. It was abolished in 1904 and re-established in 1913. In 1920 with the introduction of proportional representation, it was absorbed into the multi-member electorate of Ryde along with Burwood and Gordon. It was recreated in 1927 with the return to single-member electorates. It was abolished in 1988, with most of its territory becoming Middle Harbour. In 1991, Middle Harbour was abolished and replaced by a recreated Willoughby. [1] [2]

Like most seats in the North Shore, Willoughby is a stronghold for the Liberal Party. Counting its time as Middle Harbour, the Liberals or their predecessors have held the seat for all but two terms since the return to single-member seats in 1927. The one break in this tradition came in the "Wranslide" of 1978, when a split in the Liberal vote allowed Labor's Eddie Britt to sweep into office. However, a redistribution ahead of the 1981 election erased Britt's majority and made Willoughby notionally Liberal. Britt narrowly lost to future state opposition leader Peter Collins even in the face of the second "Wranslide." [2]

Since then, Labor has usually run dead in Willoughby, and on some occasions has been pushed into third place. The only time the Liberal hold on the seat has been seriously threatened since the 1980s came on Collins' retirement in 2003. Pat Reilly, the longtime mayor of the City of Willoughby, ran as an independent and nearly defeated Liberal Gladys Berejiklian on Labor preferences. However, the seat reverted to form when Berejiklian easily dispatched Reilly in a rematch. Berejiklian has held the seat without serious difficulty ever since.

Willoughby is one of four electorates in the New South Wales Legislative Assembly to have been held by two Premiers of New South Wales while in office. Both Premiers (Sir) Charles Wade and Gladys Berejiklian held Willoughby while in office, the other three electorates being Ku-ring-gai, Maroubra and Wollondilly.

Members for Willoughby

First incarnation (1894–1904)
MemberPartyTerm
  Joseph Cullen [3] Free Trade 1894–1894
  Edward Clark [4] Free Trade 1894–1895
  George Howarth [5] Free Trade 1895–1901
  Liberal Reform 1901–1903
  Charles Wade [6] Liberal Reform 1903–1904
Second incarnation (1913–1920)
MemberPartyTerm
  Edward Larkin [7] Labor 1913–1915
  John Haynes [8] Independent Democrat 1915–1917
  Reginald Weaver [9] Nationalist 1917–1920
Third incarnation (1927–1988)
MemberPartyTerm
  Edward Sanders [10] Independent Nationalist 1927–1930
  Nationalist 1930–1932
  United Australia 1932–1943
  George Brain [11] United Australia 1943–1943
  Democratic 1944–1945
  Liberal 1945–1968
  Laurie McGinty [12] Liberal 1968–1977
  Independent Liberal 1977–1978
  Eddie Britt [13] Labor 1978–1981
  Peter Collins [14] Liberal 1981–1988
Fourth incarnation (1991–present)
MemberPartyTerm
  Peter Collins [14] Liberal 1991–2003
  Gladys Berejiklian [15] Liberal 2003–present

Election results

2019 New South Wales state election: Willoughby [16] [17]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Gladys Berejiklian 27,29257.03−6.52
Labor Justin Reiss6,87514.37−1.50
Greens Daniel Keogh5,34211.16−4.71
Independent Larissa Penn4,7429.91+9.91
Keep Sydney Open Tom Crowley1,4032.93+2.93
Animal Justice Emma Bennett1,0402.17+2.17
Sustainable Australia Greg Graham7791.63+1.63
Flux Meow-Ludo Meow-Meow3840.80+0.80
Total formal votes47,85798.09+0.53
Informal votes9341.91−0.53
Turnout 48,79189.51−0.87
Two-party-preferred result
Liberal Gladys Berejiklian 29,14271.03−3.44
Labor Justin Reiss11,88528.97+3.44
Liberal hold Swing −3.44

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References

  1. Green, Antony. "Elections for the District of Willoughby". New South Wales Election Results 1856-2007. Parliament of New South Wales . Retrieved 12 September 2019.
  2. 1 2 "Willoughby- NSW Electorate, Candidates, Results". NSW Votes 2019. ABC News . Retrieved 12 September 2019.
  3. "Mr Joseph Francis Cullen (1849-1917)". Former Members of the Parliament of New South Wales . Retrieved 11 May 2019.
  4. "Mr Edward Mann Clark (1854-1933)". Former Members of the Parliament of New South Wales . Retrieved 29 November 2019.
  5. "Mr George Howarth (1854-1908)". Former Members of the Parliament of New South Wales . Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  6. "Sir Charles Gregory Wade (1863–1922)". Former Members of the Parliament of New South Wales . Retrieved 1 May 2019.
  7. "Mr Edward Rennix Larkin (1880–1915)". Former Members of the Parliament of New South Wales . Retrieved 11 May 2019.
  8. "Mr John Haynes (1850–1917)". Former Members of the Parliament of New South Wales . Retrieved 11 May 2019.
  9. "Mr Reginald Walter Darcy Weaver (1876-1945)". Former Members of the Parliament of New South Wales . Retrieved 11 May 2019.
  10. "Mr Edward Lloyd Sanders (1888–1943)". Former Members of the Parliament of New South Wales . Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  11. "Mr George William Brain (1893-1969)". Former Members of the Parliament of New South Wales . Retrieved 29 November 2019.
  12. "The Hon. Laurence Frederick McGinty (1921–1991)". Former Members of the Parliament of New South Wales . Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  13. "Mr Edwin Alfred Britt (1926–2013)". Former Members of the Parliament of New South Wales . Retrieved 7 May 2019.
  14. 1 2 "The Hon. Peter Edward James Collins (1947- )". Former Members of the Parliament of New South Wales . Retrieved 13 May 2019.
  15. "The Hon. Gladys Berejiklian MP". Members of the Parliament of New South Wales . Retrieved 2 April 2019.
  16. "Willoughby: First Preference Votes". 2019 NSW election results. NSW Electoral Commission. Retrieved 22 September 2019.
  17. "Willoughby: Distribution of Preferences". 2019 NSW election results. NSW Electoral Commission. Retrieved 22 September 2019.