Tulse Hill

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Tulse Hill
Holy Trinity, Tulse Hill (geograph 4322671).jpg
Holy Trinity Church, Tulse Hill (built 1855–6)
Greater London UK location map 2.svg
Red pog.svg
Tulse Hill
Location within Greater London
OS grid reference TQ315735
London borough
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LONDON
Postcode district SW2
Postcode district SE21, SE24, SE27
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
UK Parliament
London Assembly
List of places
UK
England
London
51°26′43″N0°06′33″W / 51.4452°N 0.1091°W / 51.4452; -0.1091 Coordinates: 51°26′43″N0°06′33″W / 51.4452°N 0.1091°W / 51.4452; -0.1091

Tulse Hill is a district in the London Borough of Lambeth in South London that sits on Brockwell Park. It is approximately five miles from Charing Cross and is bordered by Brixton, Dulwich, Herne Hill, Streatham and West Norwood.

Contents

History

The area known as Tulse Hill is part of the former Manor or Manors of Bodley, Upgroves and Scarlettes whose precise boundaries are now uncertain. The name of the area comes from the Tulse family who came into ownership of farmland in the area during the period of the Commonwealth in the 1650s. [1] Sir Henry Tulse was Lord Mayor of London in 1683 and his daughter Elizabeth married Richard Onslow, 1st Baron Onslow. [2] The land remained in Onslow ownership until 1789 when most of it was purchased by William Cole. The estate was further divided on Cole's death in 1807.

The western part was left to "Mercy Cressingham, spinster" (now commemorated by the Cressingham Gardens estate in the area) and the eastern part -now mostly occupied by Brockwell Park - was left to Richard Ogbourne who promptly sold it on to John Blades.

In 1810 Tulse Hill Farm was the only building in the western part of the area. The enclosure of land in the parish of Lambeth in 1811 led to the construction of Effra Road in the area immediately to the north. Together with improvements to Brixton Road by the local turnpike trust this greatly improved road communications with central London, and the value of the local landholdings.

Mercy Cressingham eventually married Dr Thomas Edwards, who took the initiative in buying extra land to make an access from Brixton Hill in 1814 and laying out two new roads, Lower Tulse Hill Road (now known simply as Tulse Hill) and Upper Tulse Hill Road (now Upper Tulse Hill), by 1821. A plan of 1821 in the RIBA Library shows a proposed speculative development of both the Edwards estate and the adjacent Blades estate with large detached villas, although only the former actually came to fruition. The new roads were adopted by the parish in 1822.

An 1832 map shows that Tulse Hill still had only a few buildings on the new roads in contrast to nearby recently developed areas in Brixton and Norwood and the longer established hamlet of Dulwich. [3] However, by 1843, there was a continuous line of houses, predominantly detached and usually with separate coach houses along the full length of Lower Tulse Hill Road from Brixton to the top of the hill[ citation needed ].

Development of the area to the east of this road commenced in 1845 when Trinity Rise was built to connect Upper Tulse Hill with Norwood Road. Holy Trinity Church on Trinity Rise was built in 1855-6 and is now grade II listed.

Major development of the area further east did not come until the opening of the Herne Hill and Tulse Hill railway stations in the 1860s.

Most of the original villas with large gardens on the original Edwards-Cressingham landholding have been redeveloped at much higher densities for council housing since the 1930s.

The most prominent survival of 19th century Tulse Hill is Berry House, later called Silwood Hall, and now forming the front part of St Martin-In-The-Fields High School for Girls, a Church of England secondary school which has outlasted the nearby 1950s schools.

The redevelopment of Tulse Hill after World War II by the London County Council had included the construction of two large secondary schools - Tulse Hill School and Dick Sheppard School (originally for girls only). Both schools have now closed, and their sites have been redeveloped for housing of very contrasting types. The Dick Sheppard School site was redeveloped as Brockwell Gate, [4] a gated Regency style with houses and apartments overlooking Brockwell Park. The site of Tulse Hill school was redeveloped as affordable housing.

Politics

Tulse Hill is represented on the Lambeth London Borough Council by councillors for the Brixton Rush Common, St Martin's, and West Dulwich wards. [5] All three wards are held by the Labour Party although the ward now known as West Dulwich was historically a Conservative ward until the 2014 Lambeth London Borough Council election. Tulse Hill is represented in the London Assembly by Marina Ahmad and in Westminster by Helen Hayes and Bell Ribeiro-Addy.

In March 2022 Lambeth Council initiated a consultation with residents as to renaming the area, to avoid a possible association with Henry Tulse who was once a board member of the Royal African Company, a slave-trading concern in the seventeenth century. [6]

Transport

A map showing Tulse Hill as it appeared in 1918. TULSE HILL WARD - PARISH MAP, TULSE HILL.jpg
A map showing Tulse Hill as it appeared in 1918.

Buses

The area is served by London Buses routes 2, 68, 196, 201, 322, 415, 432, 468 and P13.

Rail

Tulse Hill railway station (Zone 3) is served by the Southern Metro via Peckham Rye line (to London Bridge) and the Thameslink Wimbledon loop (to St Albans via Blackfriars, City Thameslink, Farringdon, and St Pancras). The railway bridge over the A205 was frequently subject to vehicle strikes until a new warning system was installed in 2017. [7]

Nearby stations provide services to Victoria from Herne Hill and West Dulwich (via the Southeastern Metro Bromley South line) and from West Norwood (via the Southern Crystal Palace line).

The nearest London Underground station is Brixton on the Victoria line.

Roads

At the southern end of Tulse Hill is a major road junction between the A204 (Tulse Hill), A205 (South Circular) and the A215 (Norwood Road) where the historic Tulse Hill Hotel stands. [8]

Cultural references in literature

The "Tulse Hill Parliament", a political club, features in P. G. Wodehouse's comic novel Psmith in the City . The author attended Dulwich College, which is in the vicinity. [9]

Noel Streatfeild's novel "Tennis Shoes" (1937) is written about a family who live in Tulse Hill. [10]

Samson Young, protagonist in Martin Amis's London Fields goes to Tulse Hill to buy drugs. [11]

Jason Strugnell, a fictional poet in Wendy Cope's Making Cocoa For Kingsley Amis, lives in Tulse Hill and mentions it a couple of times in "his" poems. [12]

Tulse Hill and its surrounding areas are locations in Mark Billingham's crime novel "In The Dark". [13]

Prominent buildings

Brockwell Hall sits at the top of Brockwell Park. Brockwell Hall.jpg
Brockwell Hall sits at the top of Brockwell Park.

Notable people

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Brixton</span> District in the London Borough of Lambeth in south London

Brixton is a district in south London, part of the London Borough of Lambeth, England. The area is identified in the London Plan as one of 35 major centres in Greater London. Brixton experienced a rapid rise in population during the 19th century as communications with central London improved.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Dulwich</span> Human settlement in England

Dulwich is an area in south London, England. The settlement is mostly in the London Borough of Southwark, with parts in the London Borough of Lambeth, and consists of Dulwich Village, East Dulwich, West Dulwich, and the Southwark half of Herne Hill. Dulwich lies in a valley between the neighbouring districts of Camberwell, Crystal Palace, Denmark Hill, Forest Hill, Peckham, Sydenham Hill, and Tulse Hill.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">London Borough of Lambeth</span> Borough in United Kingdom

Lambeth is a London borough in South London, England, which forms part of Inner London. Its name was recorded in 1062 as Lambehitha and in 1255 as Lambeth. The geographical centre of London is at Frazier Street near Lambeth North tube station, though nearby Charing Cross on the other side of the Thames in the City of Westminster is traditionally considered the centre of London.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">West Norwood</span> Human settlement in England

West Norwood is a largely residential area of south London within the London Borough of Lambeth, located 5.4 miles (8.7 km) south south-east of Charing Cross. The centre of West Norwood sits in a bowl surrounded by hillsides on its east, west and south sides. From many parts of the area, distant views can be seen, of places such as the City of London, Canary Wharf and Crystal Palace.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Metropolitan Borough of Lambeth</span> Metropolitan borough of England

Lambeth was a civil parish and metropolitan borough in south London, England. It was an ancient parish in the county of Surrey. The parish was included in the area of responsibility of the Metropolitan Board of Works in 1855 and became part of the County of London in 1889. The parish of Lambeth became a metropolitan borough in 1900, following the London Government Act 1899, with the parish vestry replaced by a borough council.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Herne Hill</span> Human settlement in England

Herne Hill is a district in South London, approximately four miles from Charing Cross and bordered by Brixton, Camberwell, Dulwich, and Tulse Hill. It sits to the north and east of Brockwell Park and straddles the boundary between the boroughs of Lambeth and Southwark. There is a road of the same name in the area, as well as a railway station.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Brockwell Park</span>

Brockwell Park is a 50.8 hectare park located south of Brixton, in Herne Hill and Tulse Hill in south London. It is bordered by the roads Brixton Water Lane, Norwood Road, Tulse Hill and Dulwich Road.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Streatham (UK Parliament constituency)</span> Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1918 onwards

Streatham is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2019 by Bell Ribeiro-Addy of the Labour Party.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">London Buses route 3</span> London bus route

London Buses route 3 is a Transport for London contracted bus route in London, England. Running between Crystal Palace and Whitehall, it is operated by Abellio London.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">West Dulwich</span> Human settlement in England

West Dulwich is a neighbourhood in South London on the southern boundary of Brockwell Park, which straddles the London Borough of Lambeth and the London Borough of Southwark. Croxted Road and South Croxted Road mark the boundary between Southwark to the east and Lambeth to the west. The suburb of West Dulwich dates back to the 17th century when the often flooded land known as Dulwich Common was acquired and drained by Edward Alleyn's estate.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">A2199 road</span> Road in London, England

The A2199 is an urban A-road in south London. It runs from the A215 Norwood Road, in the centre of Herne Hill, to the A212 Crystal Palace Parade.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">A215 road</span> Road in London, England

The A215 is an A road in south London, starting at Elephant and Castle and finishing around Shirley. It runs through the London Boroughs of Lambeth, Southwark and Croydon.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">All Saints Church, West Dulwich</span> Church in London , England

All Saints' Church is a Church of England parish church in West Dulwich, South London. It is a red brick building designed in a Gothic Revival style by George Fellowes Prynne and built 1888–91. It is Grade I listed.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">St Luke's Church, West Norwood</span> Church

St Luke's Church in West Norwood is an Anglican church that worships in a Grade II* listed building. It stands on a prominent triangular site at the south end of Norwood Road, where the highway forks to become Knights Hill and Norwood High Street.

West Dulwich ward, formerly known as Thurlow Park is an administrative division of the London Borough of Lambeth, England. It is located in the constituency of Dulwich and West Norwood.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">St Matthew's Church, Brixton</span> Church

St Matthew's Church is a Church of England church in the London Borough of Lambeth. It is a Grade II* listed building which occupies a prominent position at the junction of Brixton Road, Brixton Hill and Effra Road. The church was constructed following the Church Building Act 1818 and was consecrated in 1824.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Holy Trinity Church, Tulse Hill</span> Church

Holy Trinity Church, Trinity Rise, in the Tulse Hill area of the London Borough of Lambeth, is a Grade II Listed Building

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Knight's Hill, Tulse Hill</span>

Knight's Hill is a hill in the Tulse Hill and West Dulwich area of the London Borough of Lambeth.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Myatt's Fields South Estate</span> Housing estate in south London

Myatt's Fields South is a social housing estate located between Brixton Road and Camberwell New Road in South London. It is on land that once formed part of the Lambeth Wick estate.

References

  1. "History of Brockwell Park, Friends of Brockwell Park". Archived from the original on 2 April 2009. Retrieved 5 November 2006.
  2. 'Lambeth: The parish', A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 4 (1912), pp. 50-64. Date accessed: 15 May 2011
  3. Genealogy & Family History, London Ancestor website
  4. "Brockwell Gate - home (Brockwell Gate)". Archived from the original on 7 March 2009.
  5. "Borough, neighbourhoods and wards | Lambeth Council". beta.lambeth.gov.uk. Retrieved 4 February 2022.
  6. Shah, Furvah (24 March 2022). "London suburb Tulse Hill could be renamed due to its slavery links". The Independent .
  7. Evening Standard https://www.standard.co.uk/news/london/lorry-strikes-at-notorious-low-bridge-in-tulse-hill-drop-by-a-third-after-hightech-signs-installed-a3482856.html
  8. Urban, Mike (17 September 2020). "A short illustrated history of the Tulse Hill Hotel in Tulse Hill, SE24". Brixton Buzz. Retrieved 25 February 2022.
  9. Wodehouse, P.G. Psmith in the City.
  10. Streatfeild, Noel (16 June 2021). Tennis Shoes. ISBN   978-0141361147.
  11. Amis, Martin (1989). London Fields. ISBN   0-224-02609-7.
  12. Making Cocoa For Kingsley Amis. Faber. 1986. ISBN   9780571137473.
  13. Little, Brown & Company, 2008, ISBN   1-4087-0069-7
  14. "BROCKWELL HALL, Non Civil Parish - 1080511 | Historic England". historicengland.org.uk. Retrieved 24 February 2022.
  15. "BROCKWELL LIDO, Non Civil Parish - 1390519 | Historic England". historicengland.org.uk. Retrieved 24 February 2022.
  16. "CARISBROOKE, Non Civil Parish - 1081074 | Historic England". historicengland.org.uk. Retrieved 24 February 2022.
  17. "HOLY TRINITY CHURCH, Non Civil Parish - 1249628 | Historic England". historicengland.org.uk. Retrieved 24 February 2022.
  18. "FRONT BLOCK OF ST MARTIN IN THE FIELDS HIGH SCHOOL FOR GIRLS, Non Civil Parish - 1081071 | Historic England". historicengland.org.uk. Retrieved 24 February 2022.
  19. "166, TULSE HILL, Non Civil Parish - 1357961 | Historic England". historicengland.org.uk. Retrieved 24 February 2022.
  20. Richards, Sam (4 December 2010). "Recreated rock residences – a wish list". the Guardian. Retrieved 4 February 2022.
  21. "Michael finnissy". www.michaelfinnissy.info. Retrieved 4 February 2022.
  22. "William Huggins | The Royal Society". makingscience.royalsociety.org. Retrieved 4 February 2022.
  23. "Whistler Etchings :: Biography". etchings.arts.gla.ac.uk. Retrieved 4 February 2022.
  24. Museum, Victoria and Albert. "The Family of Alexander Constantine Ionides | Watts, George Frederick (OM, RA) | V&A Explore The Collections". Victoria and Albert Museum: Explore the Collections. Retrieved 4 February 2022.
  25. Rich (16 February 2012). "History 1955: Mick Jones & Paul Simonon are born in Brixton". Brixton Buzz. Retrieved 4 February 2022.
  26. "Early influences". www.theclash.org.uk. Retrieved 4 February 2022.
  27. "Arthur Mee | Author | Blue Plaques". English Heritage. Retrieved 4 February 2022.
  28. Profile: Archbishop John Sentamu, BBC