Kensington High Street

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Coordinates: 51°30′03″N0°11′38″W / 51.50083°N 0.19389°W / 51.50083; -0.19389

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Kensington High Street
UK road A315.svg
Kensington High Street.JPG
The view east along Kensington High Street in March 2006, dominated by former department stores Derry & Toms and Barkers of Kensington
LocationLondon, United Kingdom
Postal code W8
North Holland Park
Notting Hill Gate
East Kensington Gore
South Earls Court
West Hammersmith
Other
Known forShopping
Middle of Kensington High Street Kensington High St.jpg
Middle of Kensington High Street

Kensington High Street is the main shopping street in Kensington, London. The area is identified in the London Plan as one of 35 major centres in Greater London. [1]

Kensington High Street is the continuation of Kensington Road and part of the A315. It starts by the entrance to Kensington Palace and runs westward through central Kensington. Near Kensington (Olympia) station, where the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea ends and London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham begins, it ends and becomes Hammersmith Road. The street is served by High Street Kensington underground station.

History

In 1682, Francis Barry purchased land in Kensington and began to develop houses.

From the 1690s to 1893, Kensington High Street was developed around a residential terrace, with large houses occupied by a number of distinguished residents. The Terrace was located roughly between present day Wrights Lane and Adam and Eve Mews. [2]

Residents included:

Scarsdale House on the corner of Wrights Lane was built c 1690, initially as Barry's own home, and was later home to a series of tenants:

In the early 19th century, Scarsdale House was used as a school, before being restored as a home by Edward Cecil Curzon in 1846. By the end of the century, the garden had been acquired by the Midland Railway and the house was demolished to make way for Pontings department store.

Retail centre

Kensington High Street is one of western London's most popular shopping streets, with upmarket shops serving a wealthy area. From the late 19th century until the mid-1970s the street had three classic department stores: Barkers of Kensington, Derry & Toms and Pontings. Barkers bought Pontings in 1906 and Derry & Toms in 1920, but continued to run all three as separate entities. In a big building project which started in 1930 and was not complete until 1958 (the Second World War halted the project), the company made Derry & Toms and Barkers into Art Deco palaces. On top of Derry & Toms, Europe's largest roof garden area (1.5 acres (6,100 m2)) was created, consisting of three different gardens with 500 species of plants, fountains, a stream, duck, flamingos and a restaurant – said to serve the best high tea in Kensington.

In 1957 House of Fraser bought the Barkers Group and started to dismantle it. Pontings was closed in 1971, Derry & Toms in 1973, and a much condensed Barkers (from 600,000 square feet (56,000 m2) over seven floors to 140,000 square feet (13,000 m2) on less than four floors) was allowed to continue until January 2006, when the 135-year-old department store was closed for good. [3]

Part of the Barker premises has now been taken over by American Whole Foods Market, which has opened the UK's first organic superstore there in June 2007. [4] The rest was added to existing office space used by the headquarters of Associated Newspapers.

Kensington High Street was also the site of Biba in the 1960s and early 1970s. When Derry & Toms closed, the iconic store took the building and accentuated its Art Deco style further. But the 1970s recession, coupled with idealistic business ideas, killed Biba in 1975. The Derry & Toms roof gardens still remain, now known as the Kensington Roof Gardens which Richard Branson's Virgin occupied as a tenant from 1981 to 2018. [5]

Kensington High Street's future as a shopping street has been threatened by the large Westfield London, which opened a short distance away in Shepherd's Bush in late 2008. However, these factors may be offset to some extent – or even outweighed – by recent changes to the road layout, intended to make the street a more pleasant place to shop. The Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea decided to experiment with the concept of shared space, which deputy leader Daniel Moylan had studied abroad. Railings and pedestrian crossings were removed, thereby enabling pedestrians to cross the street wherever they choose. Bicycle racks were placed on the central reservation. The effect over two years was a dramatic cut in accidents, down 44% against a London average of 17%. [6]

Kensington High Street is also home to a large part of the British music industry, with the UK offices of major labels such as Universal Music Group, Sony Music, Warner Music Group and EMI all situated in the area. The only Bristol Cars dealership in all of the UK is located on this street as well.

Furthermore, the second Kahn Design boutique in London is also located on this street. [7]

It is also the site of the former Roman Catholic Pro-Cathedral of England, Our Lady of Victories, now a parish church; Kensington Arcade; and a building housing the Consulate of Romania and the Embassy of Paraguay. [8]

Kensington High Street is served by bus routes 9, 23, 27, 28, 49, 52, 70, 328, 452, C1, night routes N9, N27, N28, N31 and Greenline routes 701 and 702. It is also served by High Street Kensington Underground station, on the Circle and District lines.

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Kensington Roof Gardens

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Cadogan Estates

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Ralph Hancock was a Welsh landscape gardener, architect and author. Hancock built gardens in the UK in the 1920s, 30s and 40s and in the United States in the 1930s. A few are well known – the roof gardens at Derry and Toms in London and the Rockefeller Center in New York, the garden at Twyn-yr-Hydd House in Margam and the rock and water garden he built for Princess Victoria at Coppins, Iver, England.

Brook Green Human settlement in England

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Derry & Toms department store

Derry & Toms was a London department store that was founded in 1853 in Kensington High Street and was famous for its Roof Garden which opened in 1938. In 1973 the store was closed and became home to Big Biba, which closed in 1975. The site was developed into smaller stores and offices.

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Barkers of Kensington former department store in London

Barkers of Kensington was a department store in Kensington High Street, Kensington, London. It began as a small drapery business, John Barker & Company, founded by John Barker and James Whitehead in 1870. Barkers grew rapidly to become one of London's largest and most well-known department stores. The company played a significant role in establishing Kensington High Street as one of London's principal shopping destinations for most of the twentieth century. The business was purchased by House of Fraser in 1957. Barkers closed permanently in 2006. Part of the former flagship building now contains a branch of Whole Foods Market (2019).

Pontings was a department store based in Kensington High Street, London and operated from 1863 to 1970. It was seen as the least prestigious of the big three Kensington department stores.

Bernard George architect

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Steven Thomas is an English designer and visual artist best known for his interiors and graphic design work for the Biba fashion brand.

Kensington New Town

Kensington New Town is an area of housing in Kensington, London, which was developed in the early 19th century. It lies to the south of Kensington High Street and to the southwest of Kensington Gardens.

References

  1. Mayor of London (February 2008). "London Plan (Consolidated with Alterations since 2004)" (PDF). Greater London Authority. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 June 2010.
  2. "Kensington High Street, south side: Wright's Lane to Earl's Court Road Pages 99-116 Survey of London: Volume 42, Kensington Square To Earl's Court. Originally published by London County Council, London, 1986". British History Online.
  3. Sarah Butler (20 August 2005). "Organic grocer replaces Barker's". TimesOnline .
  4. Sarah Harris (5 June 2007). "Whole Foods Market opens London flagship". Design Week . Covering three floors and 7400 m2 of the regal Barker Building on Kensington High Street, the organic superstore promises to offset 100 per cent of its electricity in partnership with wind power supplier Ecotricity, compost all its food waste, and offer full recycling for glass, tin, paper and plastic.
  5. "The Roof Gardens". Virgin Limited Edition. Virgin Group. Archived from the original on 21 May 2020. Retrieved 23 May 2020.
  6. Simon Jenkins (29 February 2008). "Rip out the traffic lights and railings. Our streets are better without them". The Guardian .
  7. "Kahn Design opens 'boutique' showroom in Kensington". CarDealer . 6 October 2017.
  8. "The London Diplomatic List" (PDF). 14 December 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 December 2013.