Charing Cross Road

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Charing Cross Road, London, looking north from its junction with Cranbourn Street London Charing Cross Road.jpg
Charing Cross Road, London, looking north from its junction with Cranbourn Street

Charing Cross Road is a street in central London running immediately north of St Martin-in-the-Fields to St Giles Circus (the intersection with Oxford Street) and then becomes Tottenham Court Road. It leads from the north in the direction of Charing Cross at the south side of Trafalgar Square. It connects via St Martin's Place and the motorised east side of the square.

Contents

History

Charing Cross road was originally[ timeframe? ] two narrow streets in the West End, Crown Street and Castle Street. The development of Regent Street (parallel to the west) in the mid-18th century coincided with not only the building up of great fields west of the area but also Westminster Bridge which was built as central London and the wider estuary's second bridge after more than a century of pressure, in 1750.

These pressures therefore congested the north–south axis of the inner West End almost as much as the relieved London Bridge area. Specifically a major increase in traffic occurred[ when? ] around Piccadilly Circus, Charing Cross and Oxford Street, much of it destined from/to Tottenham Court Road, Bloomsbury and nearby routes to all northerly directions.

Charing Cross Road was therefore developed, in conjunction with Shaftesbury Avenue, by the Metropolitan Board of Works under an 1877 Act of Parliament. [1] The Act's total costs, including demolition and rebuilding of many rows of buildings across London was £778,238. The two streets and others such as the Thames Embankment, Northumberland Avenue and the Kingsway-Aldwych superstructure were built[ when? ] to improve traffic flow through central London. [2] The scheme abolished some of the worst slums in London which delayed progress in construction while they were rehoused. [1]

Bookshops

Charing Cross Road is renowned for its specialist and second-hand bookshops. The section from Leicester Square Underground station to Cambridge Circus is home to specialist bookshops, and more general second-hand and antiquarian shops such as Quinto Bookshop, Henry Pordes and Any Amount of Books. Zwemmer's Bookshop, an arts bookshop founded in 1922, was present at 79 Charing Cross Road until 2002. [3] [4] Smaller second-hand and specialist antiquarian bookshops can be found on the adjoining Cecil Court.

The Foyles Building bookshop on the west side of Charing Cross Road in 2006 (closed 2014) Soho foyles bookshop 1.jpg
The Foyles Building bookshop on the west side of Charing Cross Road in 2006 (closed 2014)

The northern section between Cambridge Circus and Oxford Street includes more generalist bookshops such as the venerable Foyles. A long-standing correspondence between New York City-based author Helene Hanff and the staff of a bookshop on the street, Marks & Co., was the inspiration for the book 84, Charing Cross Road (1970). The book was made into a 1987 film starring Anne Bancroft and Anthony Hopkins and also into a play and a BBC radio drama. As of 2022 the building is a restaurant at street level, entered around the corner in Cambridge Circus, but its upper levels of the building remain as originally constructed. A brass plaque on the stone pilaster facing Charing Cross Road commemorates the former bookshop and Hanff's book. [5]

Features

The music venue the Astoria was located here, as is one of the sites of St Martin's Arts College, opening in 1939. [1] To the northeast of Charing Cross Road are the music shops on Denmark Street (known as Britain's Tin Pan Alley). [6]

A number of theatres are on or near Charing Cross Road, such as the Phoenix Theatre (which has its entrance on the adjoining Phoenix Street), the Garrick Theatre and Wyndham's Theatre. [1]

Beneath the grille in the traffic island between Charing Cross Road's junction with Old Compton Street, in the middle of the road, a road sign reading Little Compton Street can be seen, which was a historic name for the eastern end of Old Compton Street beyond its junction with Greek Street.

On the east side of the road's southern end, at the joining of St Martins Lane, is a statue of Edith Cavell. Towards the north end is the Phoenix Garden, an environmental garden run by local residents.

In the Harry Potter books, the Leaky Cauldron pub is located on Charing Cross Road. Author J.K. Rowling chose this road because "it is famous for its bookshops, both modern and antiquarian. This is why I wanted it to be the place where those in the know go to enter a different world." [7] [8]

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<i>84, Charing Cross Road</i>

84, Charing Cross Road is a 1970 book by Helene Hanff, later made into a stage play, television play, and film, about the twenty-year correspondence between the author and Frank Doel, chief buyer of Marks & Co antiquarian booksellers, located at the eponymous address in London, England.

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Helene Hanff American dramatist

Helene Hanff was an American writer born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. She is best known as the author of the book 84, Charing Cross Road, which became the basis for a stage play, television play, and film of the same name.

Frank Percy Doel was a British antiquarian bookseller for Marks & Co in London who achieved posthumous fame as the recipient of a series of humorous letters from American author Helene Hanff, to which he scrupulously and, at first, very formally replied. The shop where he worked was at 84 Charing Cross Road, the title of a bestselling 1970 book written by Hanff which became a cult classic, a 1981 stage play, and a 1987 film starring Anthony Hopkins as Doel and Anne Bancroft as Hanff.

<i>84 Charing Cross Road</i> (film) 1987 film by David Hugh Jones

84 Charing Cross Road is a 1987 British-American drama film directed by David Jones, and starring Anne Bancroft, Anthony Hopkins, Judi Dench, and Mercedes Ruehl. It is produced by Bancroft's husband, Mel Brooks. The screenplay by Hugh Whitemore is based on a play by James Roose-Evans, which itself is an adaptation of the 1970 epistolary memoir of the same name by Helene Hanff — a compilation of letters between Hanff and Frank Doel dating from 1949 to 1968. Several characters who are not in the play were added for the film, including Hanff's Manhattan friends and Doel's wife Nora.

Marks & Co was a antiquarian bookshop at 84 Charing Cross Road, London.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ben Weinreb</span>

Benjamin Weinreb (1912–1999) was a British bookseller and expert on the history of London who in 1968 sold his entire stock to the University of Texas. He developed a specialism in books about architecture about which his catalogues became important references in themselves.

Cranbourn Street Street in central London

Cranbourn Street is a street in Central London. It connects Leicester Square to Long Acre via Charing Cross Road.

Desmond Zwemmer was a British publisher and bookseller. For many years he ran the publishing firm A. Zwemmer Ltd. which published award-winning "books about specialised areas of the arts". He also worked with the London-based arts bookshop, A. Zwemmer, which has been variously praised by Sir Kenneth Clark who called it a "source of refreshment", by Henry Moore and by Alfred H. Barr Jr.

Anton Zwemmer (1892–1979) was a Dutch-born British bookseller, book distributor, art dealer, publisher and collector who founded Zwemmer's Bookshop and the Zwemmer Gallery in London. He was a "friend and patron of many leading artists", from Picasso to Henry Moore and Wyndham Lewis, and he played "an important role in spreading knowledge and appreciation of modern art" in Britain during the 1920s and 1930s.

References

Citations
Sources
  1. 1 2 3 4 Weinreb et al. 2008, p. 149.
  2. Bradley, Simon; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2003). The Buildings of England . Vol. 6: Westminster. p. 401. ISBN   0-300-09595-3.
  3. "Zwemmer's repossessed in Charing X Rd". The Bookseller . 17 April 2003. Retrieved 13 May 2022.
  4. Jane Carlin, "Anton Zwemmer: London's Bookseller and Publisher for the Arts", in: Book Club of Washington Journal, Fall 2012, Vol. 12, No. 2. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  5. Hanff, Helene (1985). A Delightful Account of a Lifelong Love Affair with Books. André Deutsch Limited. p. 126. Retrieved 13 May 2022.
  6. Weinreb et al. 2008, p. 134.
  7. Rowling, J.K. "The Leaky Cauldron". Wizarding World. Retrieved 23 February 2021.
  8. Rowling, J.K. (2007). "26". Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows . Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 423.

Further reading

Coordinates: 51°30′42″N0°07′42″W / 51.51167°N 0.12833°W / 51.51167; -0.12833