Fenchurch Street

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Midway down Fenchurch Street, looking west. 20 Fenchurch Street is under construction Eastern City of London 08.03.2013 16-32-59 20 fenchurch street.jpg
Midway down Fenchurch Street, looking west. 20 Fenchurch Street is under construction

Fenchurch Street is a street in London linking Aldgate at its eastern end with Lombard Street and Gracechurch Street in the west. It is a well-known thoroughfare in the City of London financial district and is the site of many corporate offices and headquarters.

Aldgate ward of the City of London

Aldgate is an electoral Ward and area of the City of London, named after a gate in the ancient London Wall around the City. The gate also gave its name to Aldgate High Street and to a nearby locale with the same name in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets. It is 2.3 miles (4 km) east north-east of Charing Cross, bounded by White Kennet Street in the north and Crutched Friars in the south, taking in Leadenhall and Fenchurch Streets, which remain principal thoroughfares through the City, each splitting from the short street named Aldgate that connects to Aldgate High Street.

Lombard Street, London street in the City of London

Lombard Street is a street notable for its connections with the City of London's merchant, banking and insurance industries, stretching back to medieval times.

Gracechurch Street main road in the City of London

Gracechurch Street is a main road in the City of London, the historic and financial centre of London, which is designated the A1213.

Contents

To the south of Fenchurch Street and towards its eastern end is Fenchurch Street railway station, a mainline terminus with services towards east London and Essex. Other notable sites include the commercial buildings at 20 Fenchurch Street and Plantation Place.

Fenchurch Street railway station central London railway terminus

Fenchurch Street railway station, also known as London Fenchurch Street, is a central London railway terminus in the southeastern corner of the City of London. It takes its name from its proximity to Fenchurch Street, a key thoroughfare in the City. The station and all trains are operated by c2c. Services run on lines built by the London and Blackwall Railway (L&BR) and the London, Tilbury and Southend Railway (LTSR) to destinations in east London and south Essex, including Upminster, Grays, Basildon, Southend and Shoeburyness.

20 Fenchurch Street commercial skyscraper in London

20 Fenchurch Street is a commercial skyscraper in London that takes its name from its address on Fenchurch Street, in the historic City of London financial district. It has been nicknamed 'The Walkie-Talkie' because of its distinctive shape. Construction was completed in spring 2014, and the three-floor 'sky garden' was opened in January 2015. The 38-story building is 160 m (525 ft) tall.

Plantation Place

Plantation Place is one of the largest office developments in the City of London, the primary financial district of London, taking its name from a previous Plantation House, once the world's recognised centre of the tea trade.

Streetscape

Fenchurch Street is home to many shops, pubs and offices, including 20 Fenchurch Street, a 525 ft tall skyscraper completed in 2014.

Fenchurch Street (western end) Fenchurch Street London.jpg
Fenchurch Street (western end)

Located at No. 71 is Lloyd's Register, where the annual journal Lloyd's Registry was previously published. The frontage on Fenchurch Street was built in 1901 by Thomas Edward Collcutt and is a Grade II* listed building. [1] The more modern building behind was designed by Richard Rogers and towers above it. This was completed in 1999 and was shortlisted for the RIBA Stirling prize in 2002.

Lloyds Register company

Lloyd's Register Group Limited (LR) is a technical and business services organisation and a maritime classification society, wholly owned by the Lloyd’s Register Foundation, a UK charity dedicated to research and education in science and engineering. The organisation dates to 1760. Its stated aims are to enhance the safety of life, property, and the environment, by helping its clients to ensure the quality construction and operation of critical infrastructure.

Thomas Edward Collcutt British architect

Thomas Edward Collcutt was an English architect in the Victorian era who designed several important buildings in London including the Savoy Hotel, Lloyd's Register of Shipping and the Palace Theatre.

Listed building Protected historic structure in the United Kingdom

A listed building, or listed structure, is one that has been placed on one of the four statutory lists maintained by Historic England in England, Historic Environment Scotland in Scotland, Cadw in Wales, and the Northern Ireland Environment Agency in Northern Ireland.

At the street's eastern end and junction with Aldgate is the Aldgate Pump, a historic water pump which has been designated a Grade II listed structure. Further west, Fenchurch Street's junction with Lime Street was formerly the location of a Christopher Wren church, St Dionis Backchurch. First built in the 13th century dedicated to the patron saint of France, it was destroyed during the Great Fire in 1666, later rebuilt by Wren, and then demolished in 1878. [2]

Aldgate Pump historic water pump in London

Aldgate Pump is a historic water pump in London, located at the junction where Aldgate meets Fenchurch Street and Leadenhall Street.

Lime Street, London street in the City of London

Lime Street is a minor road in the City of London between Fenchurch Street to the south and Leadenhall Street to the north. Its name comes from the lime burners who once sold lime from there for use in construction.

Christopher Wren English architect

Sir Christopher Wren PRS FRS was an English anatomist, astronomer, geometer, and mathematician-physicist, as well as one of the most highly acclaimed English architects in history. He was accorded responsibility for rebuilding 52 churches in the City of London after the Great Fire in 1666, including what is regarded as his masterpiece, St Paul's Cathedral, on Ludgate Hill, completed in 1710.

Nearby, the church of St Gabriel Fenchurch also stood on Fenchurch Street at its junction with Cullum Street. A blue plaque outside Plantation Place marks the site opposite where the church once stood before its destruction in the Great Fire.

St Gabriel Fenchurch Church in London

St Gabriel Fenchurch was a parish church in the Langbourn Ward of the City of London, destroyed in the Great Fire of London and not rebuilt.

The western portion of Fenchurch Street formed part of the marathon course of the 2012 Olympic Games. [3] [4]

In 2019, a mixed use building of 15 storeys with a publicly accessible roof garden, called One Fen Court, opened at 120 Fenchurch Street. [5] [6]

The nearest London Underground stations are Aldgate (just beyond the eastern end of the street), Tower Hill (to the southeast) and Monument (to the west); Fenchurch Street railway station has no direct Underground connection.

The postcode for the street is EC3M.

See also

Nearby streets:

Related Research Articles

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Eastcheap street in the City of London

Eastcheap is a street in central London that is a western continuation of Great Tower Street towards Monument junction. Its name derives from cheap, the Old English word for market, with the prefix 'East' distinguishing it from Westcheap, another former market street that today is called Cheapside.

EC postcode area Postcode area within the United Kingdom

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Leadenhall Street street in the City of London, England

Leadenhall Street is a road in London that is about 0.3 miles (500 m) long and links Cornhill and Bishopsgate in the west to St. Botolph Street and Aldgate in the east. It is situated in the City of London, which is the historic nucleus of modern London as well its primary financial district.

Cornhill, London ward in the City of London

Cornhill is a ward and street in the City of London, the historic nucleus and financial centre of modern London. The street runs between Bank junction and Leadenhall Street.

Mincing Lane street in the City of London

Mincing Lane is a short one-way street in the City of London linking Fenchurch Street to Great Tower Street. In the late 19th century it was the world's leading centre for tea and spice trading.

Gresham Street Street in the City of London

Gresham Street is a street in the City of London named after the English merchant and financier Thomas Gresham.

Langbourn Ward of the City of London

Langbourn is one of the 25 ancient wards of the City of London. It reputedly is named after a buried stream in the vicinity.

Lime Street (ward) ancient ward of the City of London

Lime Street is one of the 25 ancient wards of the City of London.

It is divided into four precincts; and it is worthy a remark that, though the ward includes parts of several parishes, there is not even a whole street in it.

St Dionis Backchurch Church in London

St Dionis Backchurch was a parish church in the Langbourn ward of the City of London. Of medieval origin, it was rebuilt after the Great Fire of London to the designs of Christopher Wren and demolished in 1878.

Great Tower Street street in the City of London, England

Great Tower Street, originally known just as Tower Street, is a street in the City of London, the historic nucleus and modern financial centre of London. It forms an eastern continuation of Eastcheap starting at Idol Lane, and leads towards Byward Street and Tower Hill. On Byward Street, opposite Great Tower Street, is the historic church All Hallows-by-the-Tower.

St Nicholas Olave Church in London

A former church in the City of London, on the west side of Bread Street Hill in Queenhithe Ward.
The Mortality Bill for the year 1665, published by the Parish Clerk’s Company, shows 97 parishes within the City of London. By September 6 the city lay in ruins, 86 churches having been destroyed in the Fire of London. In 1670 a Rebuilding Act was passed and a committee set up under the stewardship of Sir Christopher Wren to decide which would be rebuilt. Fifty-one were chosen, but not St Nicholas Olave. Its unusual dedication refers to the earlier amalgamation between two parishes: St Nicholas and St Olave Bradestrat, which was removed by the Austin Friars for the erection of their monastic buildings. Described by John Stow as a “convenient church” the parish had strong connections with the Fishmongers, many of whom were buried in the churchyard. Its eminent organist William Blitheman also lay here. Following the fire it was united with St Nicholas Cole Abbey and partial records survive and are available in the International Genealogical Index.

St Mary Woolchurch Haw Church in London

St Mary Woolchurch Haw was a parish church in the City of London, destroyed in the Great Fire of London of 1666 and not rebuilt. It came within the ward of Walbrook.

Fen Court short pedestrian passageway in the City of London

Fen Court is a short pedestrian passageway in the City of London, linking Fenchurch Street to Fenchurch Avenue.

References

  1. Listing details, 71 Fenchurch Street, English Heritage accessed 21 Jun 2007
  2. Smith, A. (1970). Dictionary of City of London Street Names. David & Charles. p. 68. ISBN   0-7153-4880-9.
  3. "London 2012 marathon men - Olympic Athletics". london2012.com. 3 June 2017. Archived from the original on 30 April 2013. Retrieved 28 July 2012.
  4. "London 2012 marathon women - Olympic Athletics". london2012.com. 3 June 2017. Archived from the original on 2 May 2013. Retrieved 28 July 2012.
  5. Wainwright, Oliver (21 February 2019). "Fen Court review - a candy-striped miracle in the central London skies". The Guardian. Retrieved 22 February 2019.
  6. "Fen Court, London, EC3". CBRE. Retrieved 22 February 2019.

Coordinates: 51°30′43″N0°4′50.8″W / 51.51194°N 0.080778°W / 51.51194; -0.080778