West Hampstead

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West Hampstead
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West Hampstead
Location within Greater London
Population33,751 
OS grid reference TQ255855
London borough
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LONDON
Postcode district NW6
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
UK Parliament
London Assembly
List of places
UK
England
London
51°33′15″N0°11′20″W / 51.5543°N 0.1888°W / 51.5543; -0.1888 Coordinates: 51°33′15″N0°11′20″W / 51.5543°N 0.1888°W / 51.5543; -0.1888

West Hampstead is an area in the London Borough of Camden in north-west London. Mainly defined by the railway stations of the same name, it is situated between Childs Hill to the north, Frognal and Hampstead to the north-east, Swiss Cottage to the east, South Hampstead to the south-east, Kilburn to the west and south-west, and Cricklewood to the north-west. The area is mainly residential with several small shops, restaurants, cafes, bakeries concentrated on the northern section of West End Lane and around West End Green. It is served by three stations: West Hampstead on the Jubilee line, West Hampstead Overground station and West Hampstead Thameslink station. It is part of the Kilburn postal district (NW6).

Contents

History

A map showing the West End ward of Hampstead Metropolitan Borough as it appeared in 1916. Hampstead Met. B Ward Map 1916.svg
A map showing the West End ward of Hampstead Metropolitan Borough as it appeared in 1916.

The village of West End

An area, known as "le Rudyng" (indicating a woodland clearing) in the mid-13th century, had by 1534 come to be called West End. It was then a freehold estate belonging to Kilburn Priory, and was so called because it was at the west end of another, larger estate. Although it is possible that there was a dwelling on the estate prior to 1244, an estate house was certainly extant by 1646. [1] West End Lane (named as such by 1644) is still bent at a right-angle at the north and south ends where it connects to Finchley Road and Edgware Road respectively. This is because the lane used to form the boundary between a number of different estates. [1]

By the early 17th century a number of houses were present, and by the middle of that century London merchants were building larger houses in the area, so turning a hamlet into the village of West End. [1]

West Hampstead

At the beginning of the 19th century, there were three main large houses around the hamlet of West End: West End House, West End Hall and Lauriston Lodge which were later sold off for redevelopment with the arrival of the railways, which led to the transformation of the area from farmland into housing estates. [2] In 1879, the Metropolitan Railway adopted the name West Hampstead for its station on West End Lane, the main road through the area. [1]

Notable buildings and sites

Stations in West Hampstead
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National Rail logo.svg Thameslink station
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West Hampstead
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Finchley Road
(MR) (1868–1927)
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There are three railway stations named West Hampstead all within close proximity, as well as a number of other tube stations in the area. Numerous bus routes also pass through the district.

Notable residents

There are four English Heritage blue plaques in West Hampstead commemorating the historic personalities that have lived there. [5] The plaques mark the residences of painter David Bomberg at 10 Fordwych Road, conductor Sir Adrian Boult at 78 Marlborough Mansions on Cannon Hill, newspaper proprietor Alfred Harmsworth, 1st Viscount Northcliffe at 31 Pandora Road, and ophthalmologist Dame Ida Mann at 13 Minster Road. [5]

Other notable people

Related Research Articles

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Kentish Town Human settlement in England

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Kilburn, London Human settlement in England

Kilburn is an area of London, England, which spans the boundary of two London Boroughs: Camden to the east and Brent to the west. There is also an area in the London Borough of Westminster, known as West Kilburn and sometimes treated as a distinct locality. Kilburn High Road railway station lies 3.5 miles (5.6 km) north-west of Charing Cross.

St Johns Wood Human settlement in England

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West Hampstead tube station London Underground station

West Hampstead is a London Underground Jubilee line station in West Hampstead. It is located on West End Lane between Broadhurst Gardens and Blackburn Road and is situated in Travelcard Zone 2. It lies between Kilburn and Finchley Road tube stations. It is 100 m (110 yd) from West Hampstead station on the London Overground North London Line and 200 m (220 yd) from West Hampstead Thameslink station.

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Swiss Cottage Human settlement in England

Swiss Cottage is an area of Hampstead in the London Borough of Camden, England. It is centred on the junction of Avenue Road and Finchley Road and includes Swiss Cottage tube station. Swiss Cottage lies 3.25 miles (5.23 km) north-northwest of Charing Cross.

West Hampstead is an area in north-west London, England that is served by a number of different stations, all of which have very similar names. Although physically separate, they are near each other and the stations form a railway interchange. Two of the stations are part of the National Rail network and the third is on the London Underground.

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South Hampstead railway station

South Hampstead railway station is on Loudoun Road in the London Borough of Camden. It is about 550 yards (500 m) south west of Swiss Cottage Underground station. It opened in 1879 as "Loudon Road station" and acquired its present name in 1922. Two platforms on the Euston to Watford DC Line remain; those on the slow main lines were largely demolished in the 1960s. During the West Coast Main Line electrification the original LNWR street building was replaced by one in the 1960s "brick lavatory" style and a new station footbridge was constructed. Traces of the removed station canopies and older footbridge can be seen in the brickwork of the retaining walls on both sides of the line.

West Hampstead Thameslink railway station railway station on the Midland Main Line

West Hampstead Thameslink is a National Rail station on the Midland Main Line and is served by Thameslink trains as part of the Thameslink route between Kentish Town and Cricklewood. The station is in Travelcard Zone 2.

Watford DC line commuter railway line from London Euston to Watford Junction

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South Hampstead Human settlement in England

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West Hampstead railway station

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The North and West London Light Railway (NWLLR), formerly known as the Brent Cross Railway, was a proposal for a light rail system in North and West London in the UK. It was put forward by the London group of the Campaign for Better Transport and by the Coalition for a Sustainable Brent Cross Cricklewood.

Brent Cross West railway station

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 C R Elrington (Editor), T F T Baker, Diane K Bolton, Patricia E C Croot (1989). A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 9 – Hampstead, Paddington. pp. 42–47.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  2. The Streets of West Hamsptead, Camden History Society (1992).
  3. [Camden History Society: The Streets of West Hampstead, Camden History Society (1992)]
  4. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/av/uk-england-london-28380656/post-office-opens-in-west-hampstead-church
  5. 1 2 "Search Blue Plaques". Blue plaques search – West Hampstead. English Heritage . Retrieved 6 September 2014.
  6. Bose, Mihir (31 August 2017). "The ins and outs of cricketer Steven Finn's life". Financial Times. Retrieved 2 February 2018.
  7. H Gustav Klaus: "Heinemann, Margot Claire (1913–1992)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004, accessed 5 May 2014

Location in context