West Hampstead

Last updated

West Hampstead
Greater London UK location map 2.svg
Red pog.svg
West Hampstead
Location within Greater London
Population33,751 
OS grid reference TQ255855
London borough
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LONDON
Postcode district NW6
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
UK Parliament
London Assembly
List of places
UK
England
London
51°33′15″N0°11′20″W / 51.5543°N 0.1888°W / 51.5543; -0.1888

West Hampstead is an area in the London Borough of Camden in north-west London. Mainly defined by the railway stations of the same name, it is situated between Childs Hill to the north, Frognal and Hampstead to the north-east, Swiss Cottage to the east, South Hampstead to the south-east, Kilburn to the west and south-west, and Cricklewood to the north-west. The area is mainly residential with several small shops, restaurants, cafes, bakeries concentrated on the northern section of West End Lane and around West End Green. It is served by three stations: West Hampstead on the Jubilee line, West Hampstead Overground station and West Hampstead Thameslink station. It is part of the Kilburn postal district (NW6).

Contents

History

A map showing the West End ward of Hampstead Metropolitan Borough as it appeared in 1916 Hampstead Met. B Ward Map 1916.svg
A map showing the West End ward of Hampstead Metropolitan Borough as it appeared in 1916

West End hamlet

An area, known as "le Rudyng" (indicating a woodland clearing) in the mid-13th century, had by 1534 come to be called West End. It was then a freehold estate belonging to Kilburn Priory, and was so called because it was at the west end of another, larger estate. Although it is possible that there was a dwelling on the estate prior to 1244, an estate house was certainly extant by 1646. [1] West End Lane (named as such by 1644), the main road through the area, is still bent at a right-angle at the north and south ends where it connects to Finchley Road and Edgware Road respectively. This is because the lane used to form the boundary between a number of different estates. [1]

By the early 17th century several houses were present, and by the middle of that century London merchants were building larger houses in the area. By 1800 West End was a hamlet of two to three dozen houses and cottages located in parkland, mostly on the west side of West End Lane and Fortune Green Lane, and north of the present-day railway lines. West End Lane had been rerouted, making it straighter and lying further to the west than previously. In 1851 residents were mainly agricultural labourers, gardeners, craftsmen and tradespeople, with an innkeeper, two beershop keepers, a schoolmistress and a few gentry. [1] There were three main large houses: West End House, West End Hall and Lauriston Lodge. [2]

West Hampstead

Transformation of the area started with the construction of three railway lines across West End Lane: Hampstead Junction Railway, built by 1857; Midland line, opened in 1868; and Metropolitan & St. John's Wood line, opened in 1879. West Hampstead was the name adopted by Metropolitan & St. John's Wood for its station on West End Lane. The period of greatest development for the area was the 15 years from the opening of that station, with estates on the west side of West End Lane being turned from farmland and parkland into housing estates. [1] [2] Large scale development on the east side of West End Lane started in 1897, with the redevelopment of the properties where the three large houses of West End Hall, Canterbury House and Treherne House had stood until then. [1]

Notable buildings and sites

Stations in West Hampstead
BSicon CONTg.svg
BSicon numN090.svg
BSicon STR.svg
BSicon uvCONTg.svg
BSicon STR.svg
BSicon uvSTR.svg
BSicon CONTg.svg
BSicon dCONTgq.svg
BSicon KRZo.svg
BSicon MSTR.svg
BSicon uvBRUCKE1.svg
BSicon STRq.svg
BSicon STR+r.svg
BSicon STR.svg
BSicon HUBrg-R.svg
BSicon STR.svg
BSicon HUB-Lq.svg
BSicon uvSTR.svg
BSicon lBHF-.svg
BSicon HUB-Lq.svg
BSicon STR.svg
BSicon l-BHF.svg
BSicon HUBlg-L.svg
BSicon STR.svg
Overground roundel (no text).svg London Overground station
ThameslinkSymbol.svg Thameslink station
BSicon HUB-R.svg
BSicon SKRZ-G2u.svg
BSicon uvSKRZ-G2u.svg
BSicon SKRZ-G2u.svg
BSicon HUB-L.svg
BSicon SKRZ-G2u.svg
West Hampstead
BSicon HUBlf-R.svg
BSicon STR.svg
BSicon HUB-Rq.svg
BSicon uvBHF-STR.svg
BSicon HUB-Rq.svg
BSicon STR.svg
BSicon HUBrf-L.svg
BSicon STR.svg
BSicon STR.svg
BSicon uvSTR.svg
BSicon STR2.svg
BSicon STR3u.svg
BSicon STR.svg
BSicon HUB2.svg
BSicon uvBHF.svg
BSicon HUBc3.svg
BSicon STR+1u.svg
BSicon STR+4.svg
Jubilee line roundel (no text).svg Metropolitan line roundel (no text).svg Finchley Road
OSI: Overground roundel (no text).svg
BSicon STR.svg
BSicon HUBc1.svg
BSicon uvSTR.svg
BSicon HUB2+4.svg
BSicon eBHF.svg
BSicon HUBc3.svg
BSicon STR.svg
Finchley Road
(MR) (1868–1927)
BSicon STR.svg
BSicon uvSTR.svg
BSicon HUBc1.svg
BSicon STR.svg
BSicon HUB4.svg
BSicon BHF.svg
Overground roundel (no text).svg Finchley Road & Frognal
OSI: Jubilee line roundel (no text).svg Metropolitan line roundel (no text).svg
BSicon STR.svg
BSicon uvSTR.svg
BSicon STR.svg
BSicon CONTl+g.svg
BSicon STR.svg
BSicon uvSTR.svg
BSicon CONTf.svg
BSicon STR.svg
BSicon uvCONTf.svg
BSicon CONTf.svg

There are three railway stations named West Hampstead, all within close proximity, and a number of other tube stations in the area. Numerous bus routes pass through the district.

Notable residents

There are four English Heritage blue plaques in West Hampstead commemorating historic personalities that have lived there. [8] The plaques mark the residences of painter David Bomberg at 10 Fordwych Road, conductor Sir Adrian Boult at 78 Marlborough Mansions on Cannon Hill, newspaper proprietor Alfred Harmsworth, 1st Viscount Northcliffe at 31 Pandora Road, and ophthalmologist Dame Ida Mann at 13 Minster Road. [8]

Other notable people

Location in context

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Cricklewood</span> Human settlement in England

Cricklewood is an area of London, England, which spans the boundaries of three London boroughs: Barnet to the east, Brent to the west and Camden to the south-east. The Crown pub, now the Clayton Crown Hotel, is a local landmark and lies 5 miles (8 km) north-west of Charing Cross.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hampstead</span> Area of Camden in London, England

Hampstead is an area in London, England, which lies four miles northwest of Charing Cross, and extends from the A5 road to Hampstead Heath, a large, hilly expanse of parkland. The area forms the northwest part of the London Borough of Camden, a borough in Inner London which for the purposes of the London Plan is designated as part of Central London.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kentish Town</span> Area of London

Kentish Town is an area of northwest London, England in the London Borough of Camden, immediately north of Camden Town. Less than four miles north of central London, Kentish Town has good transport connections and is situated close to the open spaces of Hampstead Heath.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kilburn, London</span> Area of London, England

Kilburn is a locality on the boundary of three London Boroughs: Camden, Brent and the City of Westminster. Kilburn High Road railway station lies 3.5 miles (5.6 km) north-west of Charing Cross.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tufnell Park</span> Human settlement in England

Tufnell Park is an area in north London, England, in the London boroughs of Islington and Camden.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">North London line</span> Railway line in London

The North London line (NLL) is a railway line which passes through the inner suburbs of west, north-west, north, and north-east London, England between Richmond in the south-west and Stratford in the east, avoiding central London. Its route is a rough semicircle.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">West Hampstead tube station</span> London Underground station

West Hampstead is a London Underground station in West Hampstead. It is located on West End Lane between Broadhurst Gardens and Blackburn Road and is situated in Travelcard Zone 2. It is on the Jubilee line between Kilburn and Finchley Road stations. It is 100 m (110 yd) from West Hampstead station on the London Overground North London line and 200 m (220 yd) from West Hampstead Thameslink station. Metropolitan line trains also pass through the station, but do not stop.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Brondesbury railway station</span> London Overground station

Brondesbury is on the North London line, on a viaduct crossing Kilburn High Road in the Brondesbury area of Kilburn in the London Borough of Brent in north-west London.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gospel Oak</span> Human settlement in England

Gospel Oak is an inner urban area of north west London in the London Borough of Camden at the very south of Hampstead Heath. The neighbourhood is positioned between Hampstead to the north-west, Dartmouth Park to the north-east, Kentish Town to the south-east, and Belsize Park to the south-west. Gospel Oak lies across the NW5 and NW3 postcodes and is served by Gospel Oak station on the London Overground. The North London Suburb, Gospel Oak, has many schools around it.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Swiss Cottage</span> Area of Hampstead in London, England

Swiss Cottage is an area of Hampstead in the London Borough of Camden, England. It is centred on the junction of Avenue Road and Finchley Road and includes Swiss Cottage tube station. Swiss Cottage lies 3.25 miles (5.23 km) north-northwest of Charing Cross. The area was named after a public house in the centre of it, known as "Ye Olde Swiss Cottage".

West Hampstead is an area in north-west London, England that is served by a number of different stations, all of which have very similar names. Although physically separate, they are near each other and the stations form a railway interchange. Two of the stations are part of the National Rail network and the third is on the London Underground.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Belsize Park</span> Area in Hampstead, London

Belsize Park is an affluent residential area of Hampstead in the London Borough of Camden, England.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">South Hampstead railway station</span> London Overground railway station in the London Borough of Camden

South Hampstead railway station is on Loudoun Road in the London Borough of Camden. It is served by London Overground services on the Watford DC line. It is about 550 yards (500 m) south west of Swiss Cottage Underground station.

South Hampstead is an affluent part of the London Borough of Camden in inner north London. It is commonly defined as the area between West End Lane in the west, the Chiltern Main Line (south), Broadhurst Gardens north and north-west followed by a non-road line demarcating the south slopes of Hampstead village, west of Belsize Park, and north and west of the usually narrowly defined Swiss Cottage neighbourhood. It takes in some of Fitzjohns Avenue leading up to "the village", but the exact amount is an arbitrary measure. The streets were laid out in the Victorian era. The area was not served by any railways until Loudoun Road station opened in 1879 on the street of that name.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Decca Studios</span> Former recording studio in West Hampstead, London

Decca Studios was a recording facility at 165 Broadhurst Gardens, West Hampstead, North London, England, controlled by Decca Records from 1937 to 1980.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">West Hampstead railway station</span> London Overground station

West Hampstead railway station is a London Overground station on the North London Line between Brondesbury and Finchley Road & Frognal in the London Borough of Camden and is in Travelcard Zone 2.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">London Borough of Camden</span> London borough in United Kingdom

The London Borough of Camden is a London borough in Inner London, England. Camden Town Hall, on Euston Road, lies 1.4 mi (2.3 km) north of Charing Cross. The borough was established on 1 April 1965 and includes the former Central London borough of Holborn, and St Pancras and Hampstead.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Klooks Kleek</span> London music venue of the 1960s

Klooks Kleek was a jazz and rhythm 'n’ blues club on the first floor of the Railway Hotel, West Hampstead, north-west London. Named after "Klook's Clique", a 1956 album by jazz drummer Kenny Clarke, the club opened on 11 January 1961 with special guest Don Rendell and closed nine years later on 28 January 1970 after a session by drummer Keef Hartley’s group.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Old Oak Common Lane railway station</span> Proposed railway station in London, England

Old Oak Common Lane railway station is a proposed railway station in West London, UK. If constructed, it will be situated on the North London Line, between Acton Central and Willesden Junction, within the London Overground commuter rail system. Old Oak Common Lane station would be situated about 400 yards to the west of the planned Old Oak Common railway station and will offer interchange between London Overground and other rail services, including National Rail, Crossrail and High Speed 2. It is one of two proposed new stations which will connect with Old Oak Common, the other being Hythe Road on the West London line.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Broadhurst Gardens</span> Street in London

Broadhurst Gardens is a street in the London Borough of Camden running eastwards from West End Lane in West Hampstead and ending near to the Finchley Road. It forms the northern border of South Hampstead, and runs parallel to the Midland Main Line. It meets or is crossed by Priory Road, Fairhazel Gardens and Canfield Gardens.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 C R Elrington (Editor), T F T Baker, Diane K Bolton, Patricia E C Croot (1989). A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 9 – Hampstead, Paddington. pp. 42–47.{{cite book}}: |author= has generic name (help)CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  2. 1 2 Wade, Christopher (ed.) (1992). The Streets of West Hampstead, Camden History Society. (2nd ed.)
  3. [Camden History Society: The Streets of West Hampstead, Camden History Society (1992)]
  4. 1 2 Weindling, Dick; Colloms, Marianne (2013). Decca Studios and Klooks Kleek: West Hampstead's Musical Heritage Remembered. History Press. ISBN   9780750952873.
  5. Weindling, Dick; Colloms, Marianne (20 September 2013). "Making Music in West Hampstead and Kilburn". West Hampstead Life. Retrieved 27 February 2021.
  6. "Roger Dean interview". Users.skynet.be. Retrieved 28 July 2016.
  7. "Post office opens in London church". BBC News.
  8. 1 2 "Search Blue Plaques". Blue plaques search – West Hampstead. English Heritage . Retrieved 6 September 2014.
  9. Bose, Mihir (31 August 2017). "The ins and outs of cricketer Steven Finn's life". Financial Times. Retrieved 2 February 2018.
  10. "Town Hall Talks Down Teething Troubles as Bin Collections Go Fortnightly". Camden New Journal. Retrieved 4 March 2022.
  11. Klaus, H. Gustav (2004). "Heinemann, Margot Claire (1913–1992), writer and teacher" . Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/39546. ISBN   978-0-19-861412-8.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  12. Walker, Shaun (5 August 2018). "Dua Lipa's father stages music festival for 'peace-loving' Kosovo". The Observer . Archived from the original on 5 August 2018. Retrieved 10 January 2021.