West Hampstead

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West Hampstead
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West Hampstead
Location within Greater London
Population33,751 
OS grid reference TQ255855
London borough
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LONDON
Postcode district NW6
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
UK Parliament
London Assembly
List of places
UK
England
London
51°33′15″N0°11′20″W / 51.5543°N 0.1888°W / 51.5543; -0.1888 Coordinates: 51°33′15″N0°11′20″W / 51.5543°N 0.1888°W / 51.5543; -0.1888

West Hampstead is an area in the London Borough of Camden in north-west London. Mainly defined by the railway stations of the same name, it is situated between Childs Hill to the north, Frognal and Hampstead to the north-east, Swiss Cottage to the east, South Hampstead to the south-east, Kilburn to the west and south-west, and Cricklewood to the north-west. The area is mainly residential with several small shops, restaurants, cafes, bakeries concentrated on the northern section of West End Lane and around West End Green. It is served by three stations: West Hampstead on the Jubilee line, West Hampstead Overground station and West Hampstead Thameslink station. It is part of the Kilburn postal district (NW6).

Contents

History

A map showing the West End ward of Hampstead Metropolitan Borough as it appeared in 1916 Hampstead Met. B Ward Map 1916.svg
A map showing the West End ward of Hampstead Metropolitan Borough as it appeared in 1916

West End hamlet

An area, known as "le Rudyng" (indicating a woodland clearing) in the mid-13th century, had by 1534 come to be called West End. It was then a freehold estate belonging to Kilburn Priory, and was so called because it was at the west end of another, larger estate. Although it is possible that there was a dwelling on the estate prior to 1244, an estate house was certainly extant by 1646. [1] West End Lane (named as such by 1644), the main road through the area, is still bent at a right-angle at the north and south ends where it connects to Finchley Road and Edgware Road respectively. This is because the lane used to form the boundary between a number of different estates. [1]

By the early 17th century several houses were present, and by the middle of that century London merchants were building larger houses in the area. By 1800 West End was a hamlet of two to three dozen houses and cottages located in parkland, mostly on the west side of West End Lane and Fortune Green Lane, and north of the present-day railway lines. West End Lane had been rerouted, making it straighter and lying further to the west than previously. In 1851 residents were mainly agricultural labourers, gardeners, craftsmen and tradespeople, with an innkeeper, two beershop keepers, a schoolmistress and a few gentry. [1] There were three main large houses: West End House, West End Hall and Lauriston Lodge. [2]

West Hampstead

Transformation of the area started with the construction of three railway lines across West End Lane: Hampstead Junction Railway, built by 1857; Midland line, opened in 1868; and Metropolitan & St. John's Wood line, opened in 1879. West Hampstead was the name adopted by Metropolitan & St. John's Wood for its station on West End Lane. The period of greatest development for the area was the 15 years from the opening of that station, with estates on the west side of West End Lane being turned from farmland and parkland into housing estates. [1] [2] Large scale development on the east side of West End Lane started in 1897, with the redevelopment of the properties where the three large houses of West End Hall, Canterbury House and Treherne House had stood until then. [1]

Notable buildings and sites

Stations in West Hampstead
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West Hampstead
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Finchley Road
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There are three railway stations named West Hampstead, all within close proximity, and a number of other tube stations in the area. Numerous bus routes pass through the district.

Notable residents

There are four English Heritage blue plaques in West Hampstead commemorating historic personalities that have lived there. [8] The plaques mark the residences of painter David Bomberg at 10 Fordwych Road, conductor Sir Adrian Boult at 78 Marlborough Mansions on Cannon Hill, newspaper proprietor Alfred Harmsworth, 1st Viscount Northcliffe at 31 Pandora Road, and ophthalmologist Dame Ida Mann at 13 Minster Road. [8]

Other notable people

Location in context

Related Research Articles

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 C R Elrington (Editor), T F T Baker, Diane K Bolton, Patricia E C Croot (1989). A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 9 – Hampstead, Paddington. pp. 42–47.{{cite book}}: |author= has generic name (help)CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  2. 1 2 Wade, Christopher (ed.) (1992). The Streets of West Hampstead, Camden History Society. (2nd ed.)
  3. [Camden History Society: The Streets of West Hampstead, Camden History Society (1992)]
  4. 1 2 Weindling, Dick; Colloms, Marianne (2013). Decca Studios and Klooks Kleek: West Hampstead's Musical Heritage Remembered. History Press. ISBN   9780750952873.
  5. Weindling, Dick; Colloms, Marianne (20 September 2013). "Making Music in West Hampstead and Kilburn". West Hampstead Life. Retrieved 27 February 2021.
  6. "Roger Dean interview". Users.skynet.be. Retrieved 28 July 2016.
  7. "Post office opens in London church". BBC News.
  8. 1 2 "Search Blue Plaques". Blue plaques search – West Hampstead. English Heritage . Retrieved 6 September 2014.
  9. Bose, Mihir (31 August 2017). "The ins and outs of cricketer Steven Finn's life". Financial Times. Retrieved 2 February 2018.
  10. "Town Hall Talks Down Teething Troubles as Bin Collections Go Fortnightly". Camden New Journal. Retrieved 4 March 2022.
  11. Klaus, H. Gustav (2004). "Heinemann, Margot Claire (1913–1992), writer and teacher" . Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/39546. ISBN   978-0-19-861412-8.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  12. Walker, Shaun (5 August 2018). "Dua Lipa's father stages music festival for 'peace-loving' Kosovo". The Observer . Archived from the original on 5 August 2018. Retrieved 10 January 2021.